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Small Arms Survey

The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. It provides information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence, as a resource for governments, policy-makers, researchers, and activists, as well as research on small arms issues.

The survey monitors national and international initiatives (governmental and non-governmental), and acts as a forum and clearinghouse for the sharing of information. It also disseminates best practice measures and initiatives dealing with small arms issues.

SAS's mandate is to look at all aspects of small arms and armed violence. It provides research and analysis by which to support governments to reduce the incidence of armed violence and illicit trafficking through evidence-based analysis.

The project's staff includes international experts in security studies, political science, law, international public policy, development studies, economics, conflict resolution, and sociology. The staff works closely with a worldwide network of researchers and partners.

Contents

The Small Arms Survey hosts the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat. The Small Arms Survey's Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan project supports violence reduction initiatives, including disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programmes, incentive schemes for civilian arms collections and security sector reform, and arms control interventions across Sudan. The Security Assessment in North Africa project supports efforts to build a more secure environment in North Africa and the Sahel-Sahara region. The project produces evidence-based research and analysis on the availability and circulation of small arms, the dynamics of emerging armed groups, and related insecurity. The research stresses the effects of the recent uprisings and armed conflicts in the region on community safety.

In 2018, Small Arms Survey reported that there are over one billion small arms distributed globally, of which 857 million (about 85 percent) are in civilian hands. U.S. civilians alone account for 393 million (about 46 percent) of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms. This amounts to "120.5 firearms for every 100 residents."

According to the report, the world's armed forces control about 133 million (about 13 percent) of the global total of small arms, of which over 43 percent belong to two countries: the Russian Federation (30.3 million) and China (27.5 million). And, the world's law enforcement agencies control about 23 million (about 2 percent) of the global total of small arms.

Global distribution of firearms

Worldwide firearms holdings, 2017
Countries and territories Estimate of civilian held firearms Population 2017 Estimate of civilian held firearms per 100 persons Estimate of military held firearms Estimate of law enforcement held firearms
Total firearms = approximately 1,013,000,000 857,000,000 - - 133,000,000 23,000,000
Afghanistan 4,270,000 34,169,000 12.5 331,170 239,000
Albania 350,000 2,911,000 12.0 21,750 19,000
Algeria 877,000 41,064,000 2.1 637,720 363,000
American Samoa 400 56,000 0.7 - 90
Andorra 10,000 69,000 14.1 - 976
Angola 2,982,000 26,656,000 11.2 203,300 60,000
Antigua and Barbuda 5,000 94,000 5.4 438 800
Argentina 3,256,000 44,272,000 7.4 679,770 391,000
Armenia 186,000 3,032,000 6.1 509,240 18,000
Aruba 3,000 105,000 2.6 - 700
Australia 3,573,000 24,642,000 14.5 214,520 69,000
Austria 2,577,000 8,592,000 30.0 240,880 37,900
Azerbaijan 362,000 9,974,000 3.6 537,920 18,000
Bahamas 74,000 397,000 18.8 2,470 5,000
Bahrain 181,000 1,419,000 12.8 25,796 20,000
Bangladesh 659,000 164,828,000 0.4 410,305 333,000
Barbados 10,000 286,000 3.5 1,675 2,000
Belarus 581,000 9,459,000 6.1 780,600 165,000
Belgium 1,451,000 11,444,000 12.7 80,880 78,000
Belize 37,000 375,000 10.0 3,690 2,000
Benin 33,000 11,459,000 0.3 8,700 26,000
Bermuda 3,000 61,000 4.6 - 500
Bhutan 6,000 793,000 0.8 15,200 4,000
Bolivia 218,000 11,053,000 2.0 87,590 42,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,185,000 3,793,000 31.2 27,300 29,000
Botswana 97,000 2,344,000 4.1 17,100 11,000
Brazil 17,510,000 211,243,000 8.3 1,316,300 803,000
Brunei Darussalam 6,000 434,000 1.4 20,220 4,000
Bulgaria 590,000 7,045,000 8.4 176,640 59,400
Burkina Faso 175,000 19,173,000 0.9 43,780 43,000
Burundi 238,000 11,936,000 2.0 75,960 24,278
Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 31,000 533,000 5.7 2,280 19,000
Cambodia 717,000 16,076,000 4.5 258,670 64,000
Cameroon 510,000 24,514,000 2.1 27,360 15,000
Canada 12,708,000 36,626,000 34.7 233,949 103,000
Cayman Islands 6,000 62,000 9.2 - 400
Central African Republic 94,000 5,099,000 1.8 8,580 10,000
Chad 151,000 14,965,000 1.0 25,020 34,000
Channel Islands 23,000 165,000 14.0 - 500
Chile 2,220,000 18,313,000 12.1 311,900 66,000
China 49,735,000 1,388,233,000 3.6 27,466,400 1,971,000
China, Macao SAR 22,000 606,000 3.6 - 4,000
Christmas Island 0 2,000 0.0 - 50
Colombia 4,971,000 49,068,000 10.1 350,689 283,000
Comoros 12,000 826,000 1.5 600 2,000
Congo, Republic of 119,000 4,866,000 2.4 12,000 11,000
Costa Rica 493,000 4,906,000 10.0 - 17,000
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 1,049,000 23,816,000 4.4 33,045 15,000
Croatia 576,000 4,210,000 13.7 75,120 39,000
Cuba 234,000 11,390,000 2.1 958,100 42,000
Curaçao 4,000 160,000 2.6 - 600
Cyprus, North 61,000 349,000 17.4 - 2,000
Cyprus, Rep. of 285,000 839,000 34.0 99,000 11,000
Czech Republic 1,323,000 10,555,000 12.5 157,233 76,000
Democratic Republic of Congo 946,000 82,243,000 1.2 161,100 46,000
Denmark 567,000 5,712,000 9.9 124,120 20,000
Djibouti 28,000 911,000 3.1 19,855 5,000
Dominica 5,000 73,000 6.2 - 600
Dominican Republic 795,000 10,767,000 7.4 106,495 46,000
Ecuador 402,000 16,626,000 2.4 253,668 41,000
Egypt 3,931,000 95,215,000 4.1 1,544,750 1,530,000
El Salvador 737,000 6,167,000 12.0 127,840 30,000
England and Wales 2,731,000 58,877,000 4.6 - 28,000
Equatorial Guinea 112,000 894,000 12.5 2,760 2,000
Eritrea 23,000 5,482,000 0.4 668,550 12,000
Estonia 65,000 1,306,000 5.0 38,760 18,000
Ethiopia 377,000 104,345,000 0.4 525,600 79,000
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 2,000 3,000 62.1 - 30
Faroe Islands 5,000 49,000 9.9 - 200
Fiji 5,000 903,000 0.5 16,700 2,000
Finland 1,793,000 5,541,000 32.4 475,030 14,000
France 12,732,000 64,939,000 19.6 566,430 497,000
French Guiana 55,000 283,000 19.6 2,000
French Polynesia 7,000 289,000 2.5 - 400
Gabon 61,000 1,801,000 3.4 5,640 4,000
Gambia 137,000 2,120,000 6.5 1,080 5,000
Georgia 402,000 3,973,000 10.1 63,950 41,000
Germany 15,822,000 80,636,000 19.6 483,016 466,000
Ghana 2,280,000 28,657,000 8.0 18,600 28,000
Gibraltar 1,000 32,000 4.1 - 600
Greece 1,920,000 10,893,000 17.6 642,510 99,000
Greenland 13,000 56,000 22.3 300
Grenada 5,000 108,000 4.6 1,000
Guadeloupe 40,000 472,000 8.5 - 2,000
Guam 20,000 174,000 11.5 - 500
Guatemala 2,062,000 17,005,000 12.1 160,600 43,000
Guinea 130,000 13,291,000 1.0 23,080 13,000
Guinea-Bissau 29,000 1,933,000 1.5 10,260 4,000
Guyana 122,000 774,000 15.8 10,890 4,000
Haiti 291,000 10,983,000 2.6 380 15,000
Holy See 0 1,000 0.0 - 200
Honduras 1,171,000 8,305,000 14.1 107,720 29,000
Hong Kong SAR, China 265,000 7,402,000 3.6 - 28,000
Hungary 1,023,000 9,788,000 10.5 147,880 17,000
Iceland 106,000 334,000 31.7 650 590
India 71,101,000 1,342,513,000 5.3 3,900,000 1,700,000
Indonesia 82,000 263,510,000 0.0 1,711,450 429,000
Iran, Islamic Republic of 5,890,000 80,946,000 7.3 3,333,550 98,000
Iraq 7,588,000 38,654,000 19.6 611,000 56,000
Ireland 342,000 4,749,000 7.2 26,636 3,000
Israel 557,000 8,323,000 6.7 1,016,900 41,000
Italy 8,609,000 59,798,000 14.4 502,960 273,000
Jamaica 246,000 2,813,000 8.8 8,681 12,000
Japan 377,000 126,045,000 0.3 745,514 252,000
Jordan 1,473,000 7,877,000 18.7 286,450 60,000
Kazakhstan 504,000 18,064,000 2.8 375,690 65,000
Kenya 750,000 48,467,000 1.5 45,790 51,527
Kiribati 900 116,000 0.8 - 200
Korea, DPR (North) 76,000 25,405,000 0.3 8,363,100 76,000
Korea, Republic of (South) 79,000 50,705,000 0.2 2,688,020 115,000
Kosovo 436,000 1,831,000 23.8 9,500 21,000
Kuwait 685,000 4,100,000 16.7 82,580 11,000
Kyrgyzstan 171,000 6,125,000 2.8 145,010 18,000
Lao, People's Democratic Republic 215,000 7,038,000 3.0 224,690 21,000
Latvia 205,000 1,945,000 10.5 27,936 17,000
Lebanon 1,927,000 6,039,000 31.9 130,150 41,000
Lesotho 105,000 2,185,000 4.8 2,400 5,000
Liberia 97,000 4,730,000 2.1 2,520 5,000
Libya 851,000 6,409,000 13.3 - -
Liechtenstein 11,000 38,000 28.8 - 200
Lithuania 385,000 2,831,000 13.6 81,240 17,000
Luxembourg 110,000 584,000 18.9 2,340 5,000
Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of 621,000 2,083,000 29.8 29,530 21,000
Madagascar 168,000 25,613,000 0.7 25,320 20,000
Malawi 47,000 18,299,000 0.3 24,480 8,400
Malaysia 217,000 31,164,000 0.7 428,170 102,000
Maldives 23,000 376,000 6.2 9,500 3,000
Mali 206,000 18,690,000 1.1 15,800 3,000
Malta 119,000 421,000 28.3 5,547 1,637
Marshall Islands 300 53,000 0.5 - 80
Martinique 34,000 396,000 8.5 - 1,000
Mauritania 120,000 4,266,000 2.8 22,820 10,000
Mauritius 106,000 1,281,000 8.3 4,845 11,000
Mexico 16,809,000 130,223,000 12.9 895,285 591,000
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 700 106,000 0.7 - 200
Moldova, Republic of 121,000 4,055,000 3.0 98,600 21,000
Monaco 7,000 38,000 19.6 - 1,000
Mongolia 242,000 3,052,000 7.9 323,400 7,000
Montenegro 245,000 626,000 39.1 5,396 8,000
Montserrat 300 5,000 5.4 - 90
Morocco 1,690,000 35,241,000 4.8 588,020 91,000
Mozambique 1,337,000 29,538,000 4.5 60,000 24,000
Myanmar 877,000 54,836,000 1.6 788,900 76,000
Namibia 396,000 2,569,000 15.4 11,880 15,000
Nauru 0 10,000 0.0 - 60
Nepal 444,000 29,187,000 1.5 183,540 62,000
Netherlands 442,000 17,033,000 2.6 108,676 96,000
New Caledonia 115,000 270,000 42.5 - 700
New Zealand 1,212,000 4,605,000 26.3 38,280 13,000
Nicaragua 323,000 6,218,000 5.2 261,800 8,590
Niger 117,000 21,564,000 0.5 11,110 10,000
Nigeria 6,154,000 191,836,000 3.2 224,200 362,400
Northern Ireland 206,000 1,873,000 11.0 - 13,000
Northern Mariana Islands 1,000 56,000 2.6 - 80
Norway 1,537,000 5,331,000 28.8 188,646 13,000
Oman 792,000 4,741,000 16.7 118,360 31,000
Pakistan 43,917,000 196,744,000 22.3 2,315,480 944,000
Palau 100 22,000 0.5 - 30
Palestinian Territories 56,000 4,952,000 1.1 44,410 33,000
Panama 436,000 4,051,000 10.8 - 30,000
Papua New Guinea 79,000 7,934,000 1.0 7,200 4,800
Paraguay 1,140,000 6,812,000 16.7 235,780 21,000
Peru 633,000 32,166,000 2.0 473,400 142,000
Philippines 3,776,000 103,797,000 3.6 454,700 139,043
Poland 968,000 38,564,000 2.5 307,200 188,000
Portugal 2,186,000 10,265,000 21.3 333,640 89,000
Puerto Rico 422,000 3,679,000 11.5 - 26,000
Puntland 246,000 1,995,000 12.3 3,600 8,000
Qatar 390,000 2,338,000 16.7 30,680 5,000
Réunion 171,000 873,000 19.6 - 2,000
Romania 506,000 19,238,000 2.6 240,180 251,000
Russian Federation 17,620,000 143,375,000 12.3 30,272,900 2,432,000
Rwanda 66,000 12,160,000 0.5 66,500 14,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2,000 57,000 3.4 - 600
Saint Lucia 6,000 188,000 3.4 - 1,000
Saint Martin (France) 3,000 32,000 8.5 - 100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4,000 110,000 3.4 - 1,000
Samoa 20,000 196,000 10.1 - 400
San Marino 5,000 32,000 14.4 - 300
São Tomé and Principe 7,000 198,000 3.4 570 100
Saudi Arabia 5,468,000 32,743,000 16.7 481,350 214,000
Scotland 305,000 5,436,000 5.6 - 2,000
Senegal 323,000 16,054,000 2.0 16,320 6,000
Serbia 2,719,000 6,946,000 39.1 384,422 53,100
Seychelles 4,000 98,000 4.1 798 200
Sierra Leone 35,000 6,733,000 0.5 10,200 12,000
Singapore 20,000 5,785,000 0.3 574,140 9,000
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 2,000 40,000 4.2 - 300
Slovakia 355,000 5,432,000 6.5 33,150 43,000
Slovenia 324,000 2,071,000 15.6 131,686 13,000
Solomon Islands 1,000 606,000 0.2 - 70
Somalia 1,145,000 9,225,000 12.4 37,620 8,000
Somaliland 456,000 3,823,000 11.9 23,750 4,000
South Africa 5,351,000 55,436,000 9.7 350,636 250,481
South Sudan 1,255,000 13,096,000 9.6 351,500 42,000
Spain 3,464,000 46,070,000 7.5 333,660 264,196
Sri Lanka 494,000 20,905,000 2.4 509,700 134,000
Sudan 2,768,000 42,166,000 6.6 590,170 129,000
Suriname 88,000 552,000 15.9 5,985 2,000
Swaziland 64,000 1,320,000 4.8 5,700 4,000
Sweden 2,296,000 9,921,000 23.1 139,180 38,000
Switzerland 2,332,000 8,454,000 27.6 324,484 34,000
Syrian Arab Republic 1,547,000 18,907,000 8.2 655,500 124,000
Taiwan (Republic of China) 10,000 23,405,000 0.0 2,022,150 76,000
Tajikistan 37,000 8,858,000 0.4 56,490 9,000
Tanzania, United Republic of Africa 427,000 56,878,000 0.8 190,050 37,000
Thailand 10,342,000 68,298,000 15.1 1,052,815 230,000
Timor-Leste (East Timor) 3,000 1,237,000 0.3 2,527 4,000
Togo 58,000 7,692,000 0.8 12,850 5,000
Tonga 9,000 108,000 8.0 - 200
Trinidad and Tobago 43,000 1,369,000 3.2 7,695 9,000
Tunisia 123,000 11,495,000 1.1 68,020 73,000
Turkey 13,249,000 80,418,000 16.5 1,390,180 620,000
Turkmenistan 23,000 5,503,000 0.4 184,700 27,000
Turks and Caicos Islands 1,000 35,000 3.3 - 100
Tuvalu 100 10,000 1.2 - 26
Uganda 331,000 41,653,000 0.8 116,660 54,000
Ukraine 4,396,000 44,405,000 9.9 6,600,000 289,000
United Arab Emirates 1,569,000 9,398,000 16.7 163,800 41,000
United Kingdom
Combined civilian, military and law enforcement numbers for (England and Wales), (Northern Ireland) & (Scotland).
3,242,000 66,186,000 4.9 539,680 43,000
United States of America 393,347,000 326,474,000 120.5 4,535,380 1,016,000
Uruguay 1,198,000 3,457,000 34.7 62,130 30,000
Uzbekistan 127,000 30,691,000 0.4 268,400 150,000
Vanuatu 11,000 276,000 3.9 - 350
Venezuela 5,895,000 31,926,000 18.5 353,300 173,000
Vietnam 1,562,000 95,415,000 1.6 3,829,200 285,000
Virgin Islands (U.K.) 300 31,000 0.8 - 500
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 18,000 107,000 16.6 - 300
Yemen 14,859,000 28,120,000 52.8 28,500 -
Zambia 158,000 17,238,000 0.9 41,040 16,000
Zimbabwe 455,000 16,338,000 2.8 91,580 23,000

American gun ownership

American gun show, Houston, Texas

American civilians own over 393 million guns. "Americans made up 4 percent of the world's population but owned about 46 percent of the entire global stock of 857 million civilian firearms." That is three times as many guns as the combined stockpile of the world's armed forces. American civilians own more guns "than those held by civilians in the other top 25 countries combined."

"American civilians own nearly 100 times as many firearms as the U.S. military and nearly 400 times as many as law enforcement." Americans bought more than 2 million guns in May 2018 alone. That is more than twice as many guns, as possessed by every law enforcement agency in the United States put together. In April and May 2018, Americans bought 4.7 million guns, which is more than all the firearms stockpiled by the United States military. In 2017, Americans bought 25.2 million guns, 2.5 million more guns than possessed by every law enforcement agency in the world put together. Between 2012 and 2017, Americans bought 135 million guns, that's 2 million more guns than the combined stockpile of all the world's armed forces.

The Small Arms Survey's reports are widely used and considered to be accurate, though all of the figures involve "some degree of estimation", and estimates for certain countries are highly uncertain.

In response to a report about the number of firearms in Finland, the Finnish Ministry of the Interior issued a statement saying that the number was inflated and completely wrong.

The project's flagship publication is the Small Arms Survey, an annual review of global small arms issues such as production, stockpiles, brokering, legal and illicit arms transfers, the effects of small arms, and national, bilateral, and multilateral measures to deal with the problems associated with small arms. Published by Cambridge University Press, it is recognized as the principal international source of impartial and reliable information on all aspects of small arms. It is widely used by policy-makers, government officials and non-governmental organizations.

  • The Small Arms Survey 2007, titled Guns in the City.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2009, titled Shadows of War.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2010, titled Gangs, Groups, and Guns.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2011, titled States of Security.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2012, titled Moving Targets
  • The Small Arms Survey 2013, titled Everyday Dangers
  • The Small Arms Survey 2014, titled Women and Guns.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2015, titled Weapons and the World.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Small Arms Survey reveals: More than one billion firearms in the world.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Military Owned Firearms Numbers.
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.

In addition to its annual yearbook, the Small Arms Survey publishes a wide range of periodical research findings. These include a Book Series, Occasional Papers, Special Reports, Working Papers, and short Issue Briefs and Research Notes. These publications present substantial research findings on data, methodological, and conceptual issues related to small arms or detailed country and regional case studies. Most of these are published in hard copy and are also accessible on the project's web site.

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  2. "Small Arms Survey | GPPlatform". Gpplatform.ch. Retrieved14 June 2011.
  3. "The Graduate Institute – Geneva; Small Arms Survey". Un-instraw.org. 2010-12-16. Retrieved14 June 2011.
  4. "Diplomatic initiatives". Eda.admin.ch. 5 September 2008. Retrieved14 June 2011.
  5. "HSBA for Sudan and South Sudan". www.smallarmssurveysudan.org. Retrieved14 February 2019.
  6. "Sudan Human Security Baseline Assessment – Empirical research & support of violence reduction initiatives". Smallarmssurveysudan.org. Retrieved14 June 2011.
  7. "Home". Small Arms Survey. 2013-07-25. Retrieved23 November 2013.
  8. "Small Arms Survey - Small Arms Survey reveals: More than one billion firearms in the world". www.smallarmssurvey.org. Archived from the original on June 19, 2018. Retrieved14 February 2019.
  9. Estimating Global CivilianHELD Firearms Numbers. Aaron Karp. June 2018
  10. "Americans Own 46% of the World's 1 Billion Guns, Says U.N. Report". Time.com. June 2018. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved14 February 2019.
  11. June 2018, Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers by Aaron Karp
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  15. The Washington Post. There are more guns than people in the United States, according to a new study of global firearm ownership. By Christopher Ingraham. June 19, 2018
  16. Estimating Global Military owned Firearms Numbers. By Aaron Karp June, 2018
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  19. "Which countries rank high in private gun ownership? After the top spot, you may be surprised". CBC.ca. Retrieved17 March 2021.
  20. "Report says over 1 billion small arms in world, up from 2007". AP News. 19 June 2018. Retrieved17 March 2021.
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  30. "2013". Small Arms Survey. 2013-10-21. Archived from the original on August 24, 2013. Retrieved2013-11-23.
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Small Arms Survey
Small Arms Survey Language Watch Edit The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva Switzerland It provides information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence as a resource for governments policy makers researchers and activists as well as research on small arms issues The survey monitors national and international initiatives governmental and non governmental and acts as a forum and clearinghouse for the sharing of information It also disseminates best practice measures and initiatives dealing with small arms issues SAS s mandate is to look at all aspects of small arms and armed violence It provides research and analysis by which to support governments to reduce the incidence of armed violence and illicit trafficking through evidence based analysis The project s staff includes international experts in security studies political science law international public policy development studies economics conflict resolution and sociology The staff works closely with a worldwide network of researchers and partners 1 2 3 Contents 1 Focus projects 2 2018 report 2 1 Global distribution of firearms 2 2 American gun ownership 3 Reception 4 Publications 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksFocus projects EditThe Small Arms Survey hosts the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat 4 The Small Arms Survey s Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan project supports violence reduction initiatives including disarmament demobilization and reintegration programmes incentive schemes for civilian arms collections and security sector reform and arms control interventions across Sudan 5 6 The Security Assessment in North Africa project supports efforts to build a more secure environment in North Africa and the Sahel Sahara region The project produces evidence based research and analysis on the availability and circulation of small arms the dynamics of emerging armed groups and related insecurity The research stresses the effects of the recent uprisings and armed conflicts in the region on community safety 7 2018 report EditIn 2018 Small Arms Survey reported that there are over one billion small arms distributed globally of which 857 million about 85 percent are in civilian hands 8 9 U S civilians alone account for 393 million about 46 percent of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms 10 9 This amounts to 120 5 firearms for every 100 residents 9 According to the report the world s armed forces control about 133 million about 13 percent of the global total of small arms of which over 43 percent belong to two countries the Russian Federation 30 3 million and China 27 5 million 8 And the world s law enforcement agencies control about 23 million about 2 percent of the global total of small arms 8 Global distribution of firearms Edit Worldwide firearms holdings 2017 11 12 13 14 Countries and territories Estimate of civilian held firearms Population 2017 Estimate of civilian held firearms per 100 persons Estimate of military held firearms Estimate of law enforcement held firearmsTotal firearms approximately 1 013 000 000 857 000 000 133 000 000 23 000 000Afghanistan 4 270 000 34 169 000 12 5 331 170 239 000Albania 350 000 2 911 000 12 0 21 750 19 000Algeria 877 000 41 064 000 2 1 637 720 363 000American Samoa 400 56 000 0 7 90Andorra 10 000 69 000 14 1 976Angola 2 982 000 26 656 000 11 2 203 300 60 000Antigua and Barbuda 5 000 94 000 5 4 438 800Argentina 3 256 000 44 272 000 7 4 679 770 391 000Armenia 186 000 3 032 000 6 1 509 240 18 000Aruba 3 000 105 000 2 6 700Australia 3 573 000 24 642 000 14 5 214 520 69 000Austria 2 577 000 8 592 000 30 0 240 880 37 900Azerbaijan 362 000 9 974 000 3 6 537 920 18 000Bahamas 74 000 397 000 18 8 2 470 5 000Bahrain 181 000 1 419 000 12 8 25 796 20 000Bangladesh 659 000 164 828 000 0 4 410 305 333 000Barbados 10 000 286 000 3 5 1 675 2 000Belarus 581 000 9 459 000 6 1 780 600 165 000Belgium 1 451 000 11 444 000 12 7 80 880 78 000Belize 37 000 375 000 10 0 3 690 2 000Benin 33 000 11 459 000 0 3 8 700 26 000Bermuda 3 000 61 000 4 6 500Bhutan 6 000 793 000 0 8 15 200 4 000Bolivia 218 000 11 053 000 2 0 87 590 42 000Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 185 000 3 793 000 31 2 27 300 29 000Botswana 97 000 2 344 000 4 1 17 100 11 000Brazil 17 510 000 211 243 000 8 3 1 316 300 803 000Brunei Darussalam 6 000 434 000 1 4 20 220 4 000Bulgaria 590 000 7 045 000 8 4 176 640 59 400Burkina Faso 175 000 19 173 000 0 9 43 780 43 000Burundi 238 000 11 936 000 2 0 75 960 24 278Cabo Verde Cape Verde 31 000 533 000 5 7 2 280 19 000Cambodia 717 000 16 076 000 4 5 258 670 64 000Cameroon 510 000 24 514 000 2 1 27 360 15 000Canada 12 708 000 36 626 000 34 7 233 949 103 000Cayman Islands 6 000 62 000 9 2 400Central African Republic 94 000 5 099 000 1 8 8 580 10 000Chad 151 000 14 965 000 1 0 25 020 34 000Channel Islands 23 000 165 000 14 0 500Chile 2 220 000 18 313 000 12 1 311 900 66 000China 49 735 000 1 388 233 000 3 6 27 466 400 1 971 000China Macao SAR 22 000 606 000 3 6 4 000Christmas Island 0 2 000 0 0 50Colombia 4 971 000 49 068 000 10 1 350 689 283 000Comoros 12 000 826 000 1 5 600 2 000Congo Republic of 119 000 4 866 000 2 4 12 000 11 000Costa Rica 493 000 4 906 000 10 0 17 000Cote d Ivoire Ivory Coast 1 049 000 23 816 000 4 4 33 045 15 000Croatia 576 000 4 210 000 13 7 75 120 39 000Cuba 234 000 11 390 000 2 1 958 100 42 000Curacao 4 000 160 000 2 6 600Cyprus North 61 000 349 000 17 4 2 000Cyprus Rep of 285 000 839 000 34 0 99 000 11 000Czech Republic 1 323 000 10 555 000 12 5 157 233 76 000Democratic Republic of Congo 946 000 82 243 000 1 2 161 100 46 000Denmark 567 000 5 712 000 9 9 124 120 20 000Djibouti 28 000 911 000 3 1 19 855 5 000Dominica 5 000 73 000 6 2 600Dominican Republic 795 000 10 767 000 7 4 106 495 46 000Ecuador 402 000 16 626 000 2 4 253 668 41 000Egypt 3 931 000 95 215 000 4 1 1 544 750 1 530 000El Salvador 737 000 6 167 000 12 0 127 840 30 000England and Wales 2 731 000 58 877 000 4 6 28 000Equatorial Guinea 112 000 894 000 12 5 2 760 2 000Eritrea 23 000 5 482 000 0 4 668 550 12 000Estonia 65 000 1 306 000 5 0 38 760 18 000Ethiopia 377 000 104 345 000 0 4 525 600 79 000Falkland Islands Malvinas 2 000 3 000 62 1 30Faroe Islands 5 000 49 000 9 9 200Fiji 5 000 903 000 0 5 16 700 2 000Finland 1 793 000 5 541 000 32 4 475 030 14 000France 12 732 000 64 939 000 19 6 566 430 497 000French Guiana 55 000 283 000 19 6 2 000French Polynesia 7 000 289 000 2 5 400Gabon 61 000 1 801 000 3 4 5 640 4 000Gambia 137 000 2 120 000 6 5 1 080 5 000Georgia 402 000 3 973 000 10 1 63 950 41 000Germany 15 822 000 80 636 000 19 6 483 016 466 000Ghana 2 280 000 28 657 000 8 0 18 600 28 000Gibraltar 1 000 32 000 4 1 600Greece 1 920 000 10 893 000 17 6 642 510 99 000Greenland 13 000 56 000 22 3 300Grenada 5 000 108 000 4 6 1 000Guadeloupe 40 000 472 000 8 5 2 000Guam 20 000 174 000 11 5 500Guatemala 2 062 000 17 005 000 12 1 160 600 43 000Guinea 130 000 13 291 000 1 0 23 080 13 000Guinea Bissau 29 000 1 933 000 1 5 10 260 4 000Guyana 122 000 774 000 15 8 10 890 4 000Haiti 291 000 10 983 000 2 6 380 15 000Holy See 0 1 000 0 0 200Honduras 1 171 000 8 305 000 14 1 107 720 29 000Hong Kong SAR China 265 000 7 402 000 3 6 28 000Hungary 1 023 000 9 788 000 10 5 147 880 17 000Iceland 106 000 334 000 31 7 650 590India 71 101 000 1 342 513 000 5 3 3 900 000 1 700 000Indonesia 82 000 263 510 000 0 0 1 711 450 429 000Iran Islamic Republic of 5 890 000 80 946 000 7 3 3 333 550 98 000Iraq 7 588 000 38 654 000 19 6 611 000 56 000Ireland 342 000 4 749 000 7 2 26 636 3 000Israel 557 000 8 323 000 6 7 1 016 900 41 000Italy 8 609 000 59 798 000 14 4 502 960 273 000Jamaica 246 000 2 813 000 8 8 8 681 12 000Japan 377 000 126 045 000 0 3 745 514 252 000Jordan 1 473 000 7 877 000 18 7 286 450 60 000Kazakhstan 504 000 18 064 000 2 8 375 690 65 000Kenya 750 000 48 467 000 1 5 45 790 51 527Kiribati 900 116 000 0 8 200Korea DPR North 76 000 25 405 000 0 3 8 363 100 76 000Korea Republic of South 79 000 50 705 000 0 2 2 688 020 115 000Kosovo 436 000 1 831 000 23 8 9 500 21 000Kuwait 685 000 4 100 000 16 7 82 580 11 000Kyrgyzstan 171 000 6 125 000 2 8 145 010 18 000Lao People s Democratic Republic 215 000 7 038 000 3 0 224 690 21 000Latvia 205 000 1 945 000 10 5 27 936 17 000Lebanon 1 927 000 6 039 000 31 9 130 150 41 000Lesotho 105 000 2 185 000 4 8 2 400 5 000Liberia 97 000 4 730 000 2 1 2 520 5 000Libya 851 000 6 409 000 13 3 Liechtenstein 11 000 38 000 28 8 200Lithuania 385 000 2 831 000 13 6 81 240 17 000Luxembourg 110 000 584 000 18 9 2 340 5 000Macedonia Former Yugoslav Republic of 621 000 2 083 000 29 8 29 530 21 000Madagascar 168 000 25 613 000 0 7 25 320 20 000Malawi 47 000 18 299 000 0 3 24 480 8 400Malaysia 217 000 31 164 000 0 7 428 170 102 000Maldives 23 000 376 000 6 2 9 500 3 000Mali 206 000 18 690 000 1 1 15 800 3 000Malta 119 000 421 000 28 3 5 547 1 637Marshall Islands 300 53 000 0 5 80Martinique 34 000 396 000 8 5 1 000Mauritania 120 000 4 266 000 2 8 22 820 10 000Mauritius 106 000 1 281 000 8 3 4 845 11 000Mexico 16 809 000 130 223 000 12 9 895 285 591 000Micronesia Fed Sts 700 106 000 0 7 200Moldova Republic of 121 000 4 055 000 3 0 98 600 21 000Monaco 7 000 38 000 19 6 1 000Mongolia 242 000 3 052 000 7 9 323 400 7 000Montenegro 245 000 626 000 39 1 5 396 8 000Montserrat 300 5 000 5 4 90Morocco 1 690 000 35 241 000 4 8 588 020 91 000Mozambique 1 337 000 29 538 000 4 5 60 000 24 000Myanmar 877 000 54 836 000 1 6 788 900 76 000Namibia 396 000 2 569 000 15 4 11 880 15 000Nauru 0 10 000 0 0 60Nepal 444 000 29 187 000 1 5 183 540 62 000Netherlands 442 000 17 033 000 2 6 108 676 96 000New Caledonia 115 000 270 000 42 5 700New Zealand 1 212 000 4 605 000 26 3 38 280 13 000Nicaragua 323 000 6 218 000 5 2 261 800 8 590Niger 117 000 21 564 000 0 5 11 110 10 000Nigeria 6 154 000 191 836 000 3 2 224 200 362 400Northern Ireland 206 000 1 873 000 11 0 13 000Northern Mariana Islands 1 000 56 000 2 6 80Norway 1 537 000 5 331 000 28 8 188 646 13 000Oman 792 000 4 741 000 16 7 118 360 31 000Pakistan 43 917 000 196 744 000 22 3 2 315 480 944 000Palau 100 22 000 0 5 30Palestinian Territories 56 000 4 952 000 1 1 44 410 33 000Panama 436 000 4 051 000 10 8 30 000Papua New Guinea 79 000 7 934 000 1 0 7 200 4 800Paraguay 1 140 000 6 812 000 16 7 235 780 21 000Peru 633 000 32 166 000 2 0 473 400 142 000Philippines 3 776 000 103 797 000 3 6 454 700 139 043Poland 968 000 38 564 000 2 5 307 200 188 000Portugal 2 186 000 10 265 000 21 3 333 640 89 000Puerto Rico 422 000 3 679 000 11 5 26 000Puntland 246 000 1 995 000 12 3 3 600 8 000Qatar 390 000 2 338 000 16 7 30 680 5 000Reunion 171 000 873 000 19 6 2 000Romania 506 000 19 238 000 2 6 240 180 251 000Russian Federation 17 620 000 143 375 000 12 3 30 272 900 2 432 000Rwanda 66 000 12 160 000 0 5 66 500 14 000Saint Kitts and Nevis 2 000 57 000 3 4 600Saint Lucia 6 000 188 000 3 4 1 000Saint Martin France 3 000 32 000 8 5 100Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4 000 110 000 3 4 1 000Samoa 20 000 196 000 10 1 400San Marino 5 000 32 000 14 4 300Sao Tome and Principe 7 000 198 000 3 4 570 100Saudi Arabia 5 468 000 32 743 000 16 7 481 350 214 000Scotland 305 000 5 436 000 5 6 2 000Senegal 323 000 16 054 000 2 0 16 320 6 000Serbia 2 719 000 6 946 000 39 1 384 422 53 100Seychelles 4 000 98 000 4 1 798 200Sierra Leone 35 000 6 733 000 0 5 10 200 12 000Singapore 20 000 5 785 000 0 3 574 140 9 000Sint Maarten Netherlands 2 000 40 000 4 2 300Slovakia 355 000 5 432 000 6 5 33 150 43 000Slovenia 324 000 2 071 000 15 6 131 686 13 000Solomon Islands 1 000 606 000 0 2 70Somalia 1 145 000 9 225 000 12 4 37 620 8 000Somaliland 456 000 3 823 000 11 9 23 750 4 000South Africa 5 351 000 55 436 000 9 7 350 636 250 481South Sudan 1 255 000 13 096 000 9 6 351 500 42 000Spain 3 464 000 46 070 000 7 5 333 660 264 196Sri Lanka 494 000 20 905 000 2 4 509 700 134 000Sudan 2 768 000 42 166 000 6 6 590 170 129 000Suriname 88 000 552 000 15 9 5 985 2 000Swaziland 64 000 1 320 000 4 8 5 700 4 000Sweden 2 296 000 9 921 000 23 1 139 180 38 000Switzerland 2 332 000 8 454 000 27 6 324 484 34 000Syrian Arab Republic 1 547 000 18 907 000 8 2 655 500 124 000Taiwan Republic of China 10 000 23 405 000 0 0 2 022 150 76 000Tajikistan 37 000 8 858 000 0 4 56 490 9 000Tanzania United Republic of Africa 427 000 56 878 000 0 8 190 050 37 000Thailand 10 342 000 68 298 000 15 1 1 052 815 230 000Timor Leste East Timor 3 000 1 237 000 0 3 2 527 4 000Togo 58 000 7 692 000 0 8 12 850 5 000Tonga 9 000 108 000 8 0 200Trinidad and Tobago 43 000 1 369 000 3 2 7 695 9 000Tunisia 123 000 11 495 000 1 1 68 020 73 000Turkey 13 249 000 80 418 000 16 5 1 390 180 620 000Turkmenistan 23 000 5 503 000 0 4 184 700 27 000Turks and Caicos Islands 1 000 35 000 3 3 100Tuvalu 100 10 000 1 2 26Uganda 331 000 41 653 000 0 8 116 660 54 000Ukraine 4 396 000 44 405 000 9 9 6 600 000 289 000United Arab Emirates 1 569 000 9 398 000 16 7 163 800 41 000United Kingdom Combined civilian military and law enforcement numbers for England and Wales Northern Ireland amp Scotland 3 242 000 66 186 000 4 9 539 680 43 000United States of America 393 347 000 326 474 000 120 5 4 535 380 1 016 000Uruguay 1 198 000 3 457 000 34 7 62 130 30 000Uzbekistan 127 000 30 691 000 0 4 268 400 150 000Vanuatu 11 000 276 000 3 9 350Venezuela 5 895 000 31 926 000 18 5 353 300 173 000Vietnam 1 562 000 95 415 000 1 6 3 829 200 285 000Virgin Islands U K 300 31 000 0 8 500Virgin Islands U S 18 000 107 000 16 6 300Yemen 14 859 000 28 120 000 52 8 28 500 Zambia 158 000 17 238 000 0 9 41 040 16 000Zimbabwe 455 000 16 338 000 2 8 91 580 23 000American gun ownership Edit American gun show Houston Texas American civilians own over 393 million guns Americans made up 4 percent of the world s population but owned about 46 percent of the entire global stock of 857 million civilian firearms 15 That is three times as many guns as the combined stockpile of the world s armed forces 16 American civilians own more guns than those held by civilians in the other top 25 countries combined 17 American civilians own nearly 100 times as many firearms as the U S military and nearly 400 times as many as law enforcement 18 Americans bought more than 2 million guns in May 2018 alone 18 That is more than twice as many guns as possessed by every law enforcement agency in the United States put together 18 In April and May 2018 Americans bought 4 7 million guns which is more than all the firearms stockpiled by the United States military 18 In 2017 Americans bought 25 2 million guns 2 5 million more guns than possessed by every law enforcement agency in the world put together 18 Between 2012 and 2017 Americans bought 135 million guns that s 2 million more guns than the combined stockpile of all the world s armed forces 18 Reception EditThe Small Arms Survey s reports are widely used and considered to be accurate though all of the figures involve some degree of estimation and estimates for certain countries are highly uncertain 19 20 In response to a report about the number of firearms in Finland the Finnish Ministry of the Interior issued a statement saying that the number was inflated and completely wrong 21 22 Publications EditThe project s flagship publication is the Small Arms Survey an annual review of global small arms issues such as production stockpiles brokering legal and illicit arms transfers the effects of small arms and national bilateral and multilateral measures to deal with the problems associated with small arms 23 Published by Cambridge University Press it is recognized as the principal international source of impartial and reliable information on all aspects of small arms It is widely used by policy makers government officials and non governmental organizations 24 The Small Arms Survey 2007 titled Guns in the City 25 The Small Arms Survey 2009 titled Shadows of War 26 The Small Arms Survey 2010 titled Gangs Groups and Guns 27 The Small Arms Survey 2011 titled States of Security 28 The Small Arms Survey 2012 titled Moving Targets 29 The Small Arms Survey 2013 titled Everyday Dangers 30 The Small Arms Survey 2014 titled Women and Guns 31 The Small Arms Survey 2015 titled Weapons and the World 32 The Small Arms Survey 2018 titled Small Arms Survey reveals More than one billion firearms in the world 8 The Small Arms Survey 2018 titled Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers 33 12 The Small Arms Survey 2018 titled Estimating Global Military Owned Firearms Numbers 34 13 The Small Arms Survey 2018 titled Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers 35 14 In addition to its annual yearbook the Small Arms Survey publishes a wide range of periodical research findings These include a Book Series Occasional Papers Special Reports Working Papers and short Issue Briefs and Research Notes 32 These publications present substantial research findings on data methodological and conceptual issues related to small arms or detailed country and regional case studies Most of these are published in hard copy and are also accessible on the project s web site 2 See also EditConflict Armament Research Gun ownership Gun politics Insecurity Insight Small arms Small arms proliferationReferences Edit Home Small Arms Survey 2011 06 10 Retrieved 14 June 2011 a b Small Arms Survey GPPlatform Gpplatform ch Retrieved 14 June 2011 The Graduate Institute Geneva Small Arms Survey Un instraw org 2010 12 16 Retrieved 14 June 2011 Diplomatic initiatives Eda admin ch 5 September 2008 Retrieved 14 June 2011 HSBA for Sudan and South Sudan www smallarmssurveysudan org Retrieved 14 February 2019 Sudan Human Security Baseline Assessment Empirical research amp support of violence reduction initiatives Smallarmssurveysudan org Retrieved 14 June 2011 Home Small Arms Survey 2013 07 25 Retrieved 23 November 2013 a b c d Small Arms Survey Small Arms Survey reveals More than one billion firearms in the world www smallarmssurvey org Archived from the original on June 19 2018 Retrieved 14 February 2019 a b c Estimating Global CivilianHELD Firearms Numbers Aaron Karp June 2018 Americans Own 46 of the World s 1 Billion Guns Says U N Report Time com June 2018 Archived from the original on June 22 2018 Retrieved 14 February 2019 June 2018 Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers by Aaron Karp a b smallarmssurvey org a b smallarmssurvey org a b smallarmssurvey org The Washington Post There are more guns than people in the United States according to a new study of global firearm ownership By Christopher Ingraham June 19 2018 Estimating Global Military owned Firearms Numbers By Aaron Karp June 2018 Americans Own 46 of the World s 1 Billion Guns Says U N Report time com Archived from the original on June 22 2018 Retrieved 14 February 2019 a b c d e f Gutowski Stephen 21 June 2018 Report Nearly 400 Million Civilian Owned Guns in America freebeacon com Retrieved 14 February 2019 Which countries rank high in private gun ownership After the top spot you may be surprised CBC ca Retrieved 17 March 2021 Report says over 1 billion small arms in world up from 2007 AP News 19 June 2018 Retrieved 17 March 2021 Oikaisu Paakirjoituksessa vaaraa tietoa aseiden maarasta 29 March 2016 Miksi luotettava media valehtelee asemaarista Mikko Niskasaari www mikkoniskasaari fi Yearbook Small Arms Survey 5 May 2011 Archived from the original on December 3 2010 Retrieved 14 June 2011 Small Arms Survey Series Cambridge University Press Archived from the original on 21 October 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2011 The largest civilian firearms arsenals for 178 countries PDF Archived from the original PDF on April 9 2011 Retrieved 12 August 2012 The Graduate Institute Geneva Institutional News of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Graduateinstitute ch Retrieved 14 June 2011 2010 Small Arms Survey 2011 05 05 Archived from the original on November 4 2010 Retrieved 14 June 2011 Small Arms Survey 2011 Academic and Professional Books Cambridge University Press Cambridge org Retrieved 14 June 2011 Small Arms Survey 2012 Academic and Professional Books Cambridge University Press Cambridge org Retrieved 2012 11 26 2013 Small Arms Survey 2013 10 21 Archived from the original on August 24 2013 Retrieved 2013 11 23 Small Arms Survey 2014 Small Arms Survey 2014 Archived from the original on March 27 2015 Retrieved 16 April 2016 a b By type Small Arms Survey 5 May 2011 Archived from the original on October 20 2010 Retrieved 14 June 2011 smallarmssurvey org smallarmssurvey org smallarmssurvey orgExternal links EditOfficial website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Small Arms Survey amp oldid 1047037966, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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