fbpx
Wikipedia

Small press

"Independent press" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Alternative media.
"Indie press" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Indie Press Revolution.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "Small press"news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(April 2019) ()

A small press is a publisher with annual sales below a certain level or below a certain number of titles published. The terms "indie publisher" and "independent press" and others are sometimes used interchangeably.

The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press

Independent press is generally defined as publishers that are not part of large conglomerates or multinational corporations. Many small presses rely on specialization in genre fiction, poetry, or limited-edition books or magazines, but there are also thousands that focus on niche non-fiction markets.

Contents

In the United States, this has been mentioned as publishers with annual turnover of under $50 million, or those that publish on average 10 or fewer titles per year.

Other terms for small press, sometimes distinguished from each other and sometimes used interchangeably, are small publishers, independent publishers, or indie presses.

Independent publishers (as defined above) made up about half of the market share of the book publishing industry in the US in 2007. The majority of small presses are independent or indie publishers, meaning that they are separate from the handful of major publishing house conglomerates, such as Random House or Hachette.[citation needed]

Characteristics

Since the profit margins for small presses can be narrow, many are driven by other motives, including the desire to help disseminate literature with only a small likely market. Many presses are also associated with crowdfunding efforts that help connect authors with readers. Small presses tend to fill the niches that larger publishers neglect. They can focus on regional titles, narrow specializations and niche genres. They can also make up for commercial clout by creating a reputation for academic knowledge, vigorously pursuing prestigious literature prizes and spending more effort nurturing the careers of new authors. At its most minimal, small press production consists of chapbooks. This role can now be taken on by desktop publishing and Web sites. This still leaves a continuum of small press publishing: from specialist periodicals, short runs or print-to-order of low-demand books, to fine art books and limited editions of collectors' items printed to high standards.

Micro-presses

There is now also a distinction made between small presses and micro-presses. A micro-press can be defined as a publisher that produces chapbooks and other small books on a very small scale (e.g. 50 copies of one book per year). It can also be defined in terms of revenue. Micro-presses often are run as a hobby or part-time job because of their low profits. They may not produce enough profit to support their owners.

In Canada, these are considered small press publishers but the standard small press book run is accepted at 300 copies of a chapbook and 500 or more copies of a spine-bound book. In doing this, small press publishers are eligible for grants from the Ontario Arts Council and the Canada Council.[citation needed]

Not to be confused with

Small presses should not be confused with self-publishing presses (sometimes called "vanity presses"). Self-publishing or subsidy presses usually require payment by authors, or a minimum purchase of copies. By comparison, small presses make their profits by selling books to consumers, rather than selling services to authors or selling a small number of copies to the author's friends.

Small presses should not be confused with printers. Small presses are publishers, which means that they engage in a book selection process, along with editing, marketing and distribution. Small presses also enter into a contract with the author, often paying royalties for being allowed to sell the book. Publishers own the copies they have printed, but usually do not own the copyright to the book itself. In contrast, printers merely print a book, and sometimes offer limited distribution if they are a POD printing press. Printers have a very low selectivity. They will accept nearly anyone who can pay the cost of printing. They rarely offer editing or marketing. Printers do not own the copies that are printed, and they do not pay royalties.

Book packagers combine aspects of small presses and printers, but they are technically neither small presses nor printers.

Small presses became distinguishable from jobbing printers at some time towards the end of the nineteenth century. The roots lie with the Arts and Crafts Movement, particularly the Kelmscott Press. The use of small letterpress machines by amateur printers increased proportionately to the mechanization of commercial printing. Later, the advance of practical lithography made small press publication much easier.

A recent burgeoning of small presses has been caused by the introduction of digital printing, especially print on demand technology. Combined with Internet based marketing, digital typesetting, design tools with the rise of eBooks, the new printing technologies have lowered the economic barriers to entry, allowing many new niches to be served, and many new publishers to enter the industry.

Australia

Small presses have played a significant part historically in recognising new voices and publishing notable works of literary fiction in Australia, but the market was seen as a tough one in 1999, despite about 80 per cent of the Australian Publishers Association being small book publishers (defined as those with less than AU$2m), nearly all Australian-owned.

In recent years though, the small publishers have especially made gains as big publishers have backed away from publishing literary works. In recent years small press publications have won some of the greatest literary prizes, including the Stella Prize, the Prime Minister's Literary Award for Fiction and the Miles Franklin Literary Award. There was a strong upward trend in the number of titles published by small press and shortlisted for the Miles Franklin and the PM's Fiction Awards in the two years preceding 2017.

The Small Press Network (SPN), located at the Wheeler Centre in Melbourne, represents small and independent publishers in Australia, which promotes independent publishing and supports diversity within the industry "as a vital component of Australian literary culture". Founded in 2006, it has grown to represent more than 140 members in Australia and New Zealand. Its members include such publishers as the Griffith Review, National Library of Australia Publishing, Scribe and Wakefield Press, as well as many smaller publishers.

  1. "Complete Guide to Small Press Publishing: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly of Small Presses for Writers". TCK publishing. 9 November 2017. Retrieved18 April 2019.
  2. Herman, Jeff Herman's Guide To Book Publishers, Editors & Literary Agents, 2007, p. 131.
  3. "Kickstarting a books revolution: the literary crowdfunding boom". the Guardian. June 5, 2015.
  4. Herman, Jeff Herman's Guide To Book Publishers, Editors & Literary Agents, 2007, pp. 131–132, 367–372.
  5. Stinson, Emmett (4 May 2018). "Friday essay: the remarkable, prize-winning rise of our small publishers". The Conversation. Retrieved18 April 2019.
  6. Poland, Louise (1 December 1999). "Independent Australian Publishers and the Acquisition of Books". Journal of Australian Studies. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012.
  7. "About SPN". Small Press Network. Retrieved18 April 2019.

Small press
Small press Language Watch Edit Independent press redirects here It is not to be confused with Alternative media Indie press redirects here It is not to be confused with Indie Press Revolution This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Small press news newspapers books scholar JSTOR April 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message A small press is a publisher with annual sales below a certain level or below a certain number of titles published The terms indie publisher and independent press and others are sometimes used interchangeably The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Independent press is generally defined as publishers that are not part of large conglomerates or multinational corporations Many small presses rely on specialization in genre fiction poetry or limited edition books or magazines but there are also thousands that focus on niche non fiction markets Contents 1 Definitions 1 1 Characteristics 1 2 Micro presses 1 3 Not to be confused with 2 History 3 By country 3 1 Australia 4 See also 5 References 6 SourcesDefinitions EditIn the United States this has been mentioned as publishers with annual turnover of under 50 million or those that publish on average 10 or fewer titles per year 1 Other terms for small press sometimes distinguished from each other and sometimes used interchangeably are small publishers independent publishers or indie presses 1 Independent publishers as defined above made up about half of the market share of the book publishing industry in the US in 2007 2 The majority of small presses are independent or indie publishers meaning that they are separate from the handful of major publishing house conglomerates such as Random House or Hachette citation needed Characteristics Edit Since the profit margins for small presses can be narrow many are driven by other motives including the desire to help disseminate literature with only a small likely market Many presses are also associated with crowdfunding efforts that help connect authors with readers 3 Small presses tend to fill the niches that larger publishers neglect They can focus on regional titles narrow specializations and niche genres They can also make up for commercial clout by creating a reputation for academic knowledge vigorously pursuing prestigious literature prizes and spending more effort nurturing the careers of new authors 4 At its most minimal small press production consists of chapbooks This role can now be taken on by desktop publishing and Web sites This still leaves a continuum of small press publishing from specialist periodicals short runs or print to order of low demand books to fine art books and limited editions of collectors items printed to high standards Micro presses Edit There is now also a distinction made between small presses and micro presses A micro press can be defined as a publisher that produces chapbooks and other small books on a very small scale e g 50 copies of one book per year It can also be defined in terms of revenue Micro presses often are run as a hobby or part time job because of their low profits They may not produce enough profit to support their owners 2 In Canada these are considered small press publishers but the standard small press book run is accepted at 300 copies of a chapbook and 500 or more copies of a spine bound book In doing this small press publishers are eligible for grants from the Ontario Arts Council and the Canada Council citation needed Not to be confused with Edit Small presses should not be confused with self publishing presses sometimes called vanity presses Self publishing or subsidy presses usually require payment by authors or a minimum purchase of copies By comparison small presses make their profits by selling books to consumers rather than selling services to authors or selling a small number of copies to the author s friends Small presses should not be confused with printers Small presses are publishers which means that they engage in a book selection process along with editing marketing and distribution Small presses also enter into a contract with the author often paying royalties for being allowed to sell the book Publishers own the copies they have printed but usually do not own the copyright to the book itself In contrast printers merely print a book and sometimes offer limited distribution if they are a POD printing press Printers have a very low selectivity They will accept nearly anyone who can pay the cost of printing They rarely offer editing or marketing Printers do not own the copies that are printed and they do not pay royalties Book packagers combine aspects of small presses and printers but they are technically neither small presses nor printers History EditSmall presses became distinguishable from jobbing printers at some time towards the end of the nineteenth century The roots lie with the Arts and Crafts Movement particularly the Kelmscott Press The use of small letterpress machines by amateur printers increased proportionately to the mechanization of commercial printing Later the advance of practical lithography made small press publication much easier A recent burgeoning of small presses has been caused by the introduction of digital printing especially print on demand technology Combined with Internet based marketing digital typesetting design tools with the rise of eBooks the new printing technologies have lowered the economic barriers to entry allowing many new niches to be served and many new publishers to enter the industry By country EditAustralia Edit Small presses have played a significant part historically in recognising new voices and publishing notable works of literary fiction in Australia 5 but the market was seen as a tough one in 1999 despite about 80 per cent of the Australian Publishers Association being small book publishers defined as those with less than AU 2m nearly all Australian owned 6 In recent years though the small publishers have especially made gains as big publishers have backed away from publishing literary works In recent years small press publications have won some of the greatest literary prizes including the Stella Prize the Prime Minister s Literary Award for Fiction and the Miles Franklin Literary Award There was a strong upward trend in the number of titles published by small press and shortlisted for the Miles Franklin and the PM s Fiction Awards in the two years preceding 2017 5 The Small Press Network SPN located at the Wheeler Centre in Melbourne represents small and independent publishers in Australia which promotes independent publishing and supports diversity within the industry as a vital component of Australian literary culture Founded in 2006 it has grown to represent more than 140 members in Australia and New Zealand Its members include such publishers as the Griffith Review National Library of Australia Publishing Scribe and Wakefield Press as well as many smaller publishers 7 See also EditAmateur press association Association of Little Presses Author mill Bill Bird Independent Publishers Guild UK Independent Publishers Group US distributors List of English language book publishing companies List of English language literary presses List of English language small presses List of literary magazines List of self publishing companies Literary magazine Predatory open access publishing Private press Samizdat Small Press Distribution WSFA Small Press AwardReferences Edit a b Complete Guide to Small Press Publishing The Good The Bad and The Ugly of Small Presses for Writers TCK publishing 9 November 2017 Retrieved 18 April 2019 a b Herman Jeff Herman s Guide To Book Publishers Editors amp Literary Agents 2007 p 131 Kickstarting a books revolution the literary crowdfunding boom the Guardian June 5 2015 Herman Jeff Herman s Guide To Book Publishers Editors amp Literary Agents 2007 pp 131 132 367 372 a b Stinson Emmett 4 May 2018 Friday essay the remarkable prize winning rise of our small publishers The Conversation Retrieved 18 April 2019 Poland Louise 1 December 1999 Independent Australian Publishers and the Acquisition of Books Journal of Australian Studies Archived from the original on 22 October 2012 About SPN Small Press Network Retrieved 18 April 2019 Sources EditBrewer Robert Joanna Masterson 2006 2007 Writer s Market Cincinnati Ohio Writer s Digest Books ISBN 1 58297 427 6 Herman Jeff 2006 Jeff Herman s Guide To Book Publishers Editors amp Literary Agents 2007 Who they are What they want How to win them over 17th Edition Stockbridge Massachusetts Three Dog Press ISBN 0 9772682 1 7 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Small press amp oldid 1033820172, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.