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Smbat IV Bagratuni

Smbat IV Bagratuni (Armenian:Սմբատ Դ Բագրատունի; Greek:Συμβάτιος) was an Armenian prince from the Bagratuni Dynasty who served first in the Byzantine army before switching, ca. 595, to the Sasanian Empire, where he had a distinguished military career and earned high honours until his death in 616/7. He was succeeded by his son, Varaztirots.

Smbat IV Bagratuni
Սմբատ Դ Բագրատունի
Marzban of Hyrcania
Reign595 - 602
PredecessorUnknown
SuccessorUnknown
Marzban of Persian Armenia
Reign607 - 616/617
PredecessorBoutmah
SuccessorShahrayeanpet
BornUnknown
Died616 or 617
HouseHouse of Bagratuni
FatherManuel Bagratuni
ReligionChristianity

Smbat was the son of Manuel Bagratuni. He is first mentioned some time in the 580s, when the Byzantine emperor Maurice (r. 582–602) requested the Armenian nobles to raise cavalry for service in his wars against the Avars. Smbat and Sahak Mamikonian led a thousand-strong unit each to Constantinople, where they were richly rewarded and sent home. Sebeos also adds that Maurice supposedly adopted Smbat at this occasion. In 589, however, Smbat led a rebellion against the Byzantines, was captured and sent to Constantinople, where he was condemned to death and was thrown to be devoured by the beasts in the Hippodrome of Constantinople. He was pardoned at the last minute by Maurice, who then banished him to some "distant islands" and later to Africa.

Smbat returned from exile some time after, and entered the service of the Sasanian shah Khosrow II, who in 595 appointed him marzban (military governor) of Hyrcania (the southern coastlands of the Caspian Sea). Smbat served in this post until 602, but was initially employed in suppressing the rebellion of Vistahm in Khorasan, before being recalled to reside at the royal court in Ctesiphon. There he received further honours, and was also appointed Lesser Minister of Finance.

In ca. 607 ("the eighteenth year of Khosrow's reign") he was sent back to Armenia with extensive powers as "Commander of the army of the lords of houses". His tenure in Armenia was short but productive: as N. Garsoian writes, "Smbat’s extraordinary powers allowed him to reaffirm the authority of the Persian crown in Persarmenia, to restore the prestige of the weakened Armenian Church by summoning a council that elected a new katholikos, Abraham I, after a vacancy of three years, and to rebuild the cathedral of the Armenian administrative capital of Duin, overriding the objections of the local Persian authorities". In the next year, Smbat received the honorific title Khosrow Shun ("the Joy or Satisfaction of Khosrow"), and about this time led a campaign on behalf of Khosrow against the Hephthalites, whom he defeated, possibly killing their king in single combat.

After that, he retired to the royal court, where he lived amidst the honours accorded to him by Khosrow until his death in 616/7. He was succeeded by his son, Varaztirots.

  1. Martindale, John R.; Jones, A.H.M.; Morris, John (1992). "Symbatius 1". The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: Volume III, AD 527–641. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1209–1211. ISBN 0-521-20160-8.
  2. Garsoian, Nina (2005-07-20). "SMBAT BAGRATUNI". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Iranicaonline.org. Retrieved2013-08-10.
Preceded by
Marzban of Persian Armenia
607–616/617
Succeeded by

Smbat IV Bagratuni
Smbat IV Bagratuni Language Watch Edit Smbat IV Bagratuni Armenian Սմբատ Դ Բագրատունի Greek Symbatios was an Armenian prince from the Bagratuni Dynasty who served first in the Byzantine army before switching ca 595 to the Sasanian Empire where he had a distinguished military career and earned high honours until his death in 616 7 He was succeeded by his son Varaztirots Smbat IV Bagratuni Սմբատ Դ ԲագրատունիMarzban of HyrcaniaReign595 602PredecessorUnknownSuccessorUnknownMarzban of Persian ArmeniaReign607 616 617PredecessorBoutmahSuccessorShahrayeanpetBornUnknownDied616 or 617HouseHouse of BagratuniFatherManuel BagratuniReligionChristianityLife EditSmbat was the son of Manuel Bagratuni He is first mentioned some time in the 580s when the Byzantine emperor Maurice r 582 602 requested the Armenian nobles to raise cavalry for service in his wars against the Avars Smbat and Sahak Mamikonian led a thousand strong unit each to Constantinople where they were richly rewarded and sent home Sebeos also adds that Maurice supposedly adopted Smbat at this occasion 1 In 589 however Smbat led a rebellion against the Byzantines was captured and sent to Constantinople where he was condemned to death and was thrown to be devoured by the beasts in the Hippodrome of Constantinople He was pardoned at the last minute by Maurice who then banished him to some distant islands and later to Africa 1 Smbat returned from exile some time after and entered the service of the Sasanian shah Khosrow II who in 595 appointed him marzban military governor of Hyrcania the southern coastlands of the Caspian Sea 1 2 Smbat served in this post until 602 but was initially employed in suppressing the rebellion of Vistahm in Khorasan before being recalled to reside at the royal court in Ctesiphon There he received further honours and was also appointed Lesser Minister of Finance 1 2 In ca 607 the eighteenth year of Khosrow s reign he was sent back to Armenia with extensive powers as Commander of the army of the lords of houses His tenure in Armenia was short but productive as N Garsoian writes Smbat s extraordinary powers allowed him to reaffirm the authority of the Persian crown in Persarmenia to restore the prestige of the weakened Armenian Church by summoning a council that elected a new katholikos Abraham I after a vacancy of three years and to rebuild the cathedral of the Armenian administrative capital of Duin overriding the objections of the local Persian authorities 2 In the next year Smbat received the honorific title Khosrow Shun the Joy or Satisfaction of Khosrow and about this time led a campaign on behalf of Khosrow against the Hephthalites whom he defeated possibly killing their king in single combat 1 2 After that he retired to the royal court where he lived amidst the honours accorded to him by Khosrow until his death in 616 7 He was succeeded by his son Varaztirots 1 2 References Edit a b c d e f Martindale John R Jones A H M Morris John 1992 Symbatius 1 The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire Volume III AD 527 641 Cambridge University Press pp 1209 1211 ISBN 0 521 20160 8 a b c d e Garsoian Nina 2005 07 20 SMBAT BAGRATUNI Encyclopaedia Iranica Iranicaonline org Retrieved 2013 08 10 Preceded by Boutmah Marzban of Persian Armenia 607 616 617 Succeeded by Shahrayeanpet Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Smbat IV Bagratuni amp oldid 1002734023, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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