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Snow pea

Not to be confused with Sweet pea.

The snow pea is an edible-pod pea with flat pods and thin pod walls. It is eaten whole, with both the seeds and the pod, while still unripe.

Snow pea
SpeciesPisum sativum
Cultivar groupMacrocarpon Group
Cultivar group membersMany; see text.

Contents

The common name snow pea seems to be a misnomer as the planting season of this pea is no earlier than that of other peas. Another common name Chinese pea is probably related to its prominence in Chinese dishes served in the West. It is often called mangetout ("eat-all") in the British Isles, but this can apply both to snow peas and to snap peas.[citation needed]

Snow peas and snap peas both belong to Macrocarpon Group, a cultivar group based on the variety Pisum sativum var. macrocarpum Ser. named in 1825. It was described as having very compressed non-leathery edible pods in the original publication.

The scientific name Pisum sativum var. saccharatum Ser. is often misused for snow peas. The variety under this name was described as having sub-leathery and compressed-terete pods and the French name petit pois. The description is inconsistent with the appearance of snow peas, and therefore botanists have replace this name with Pisum sativum var. macrocarpum. Austrian scientist and monk Gregor Mendel used peas which he called Pisum saccharatum in his famous experiments demonstrating the heritable nature of specific traits, and this Latin name might not refer to the same varieties identified with modern snow peas.

A child holding an edible pod pea in Kenya.

Snow peas, along with sugar snap peas and unlike field and garden peas, are notable for having edible pods that lack inedible fiber (in the form of "parchment", a fibrous layer found in the inner pod rich in lignin) in the pod walls. Snow peas have the thinner walls of the two edible pod variants. Two recessive genes known as p and v are responsible for this trait. p is responsible for reducing the sclerenchymatous membrane on the inner pod wall, while v reduces pod wall thickness (n is a gene that thickens pod walls in snap peas).

The stems and leaves of the immature plant are used as a vegetable in Chinese cooking, stir-fried with garlic and sometimes combined with crab or other shellfish.

Snowpeas
Snow peas (Pisum sativum)
Nutritional value per 100g
Energy176 kJ (42 kcal)
7.55
Sugars4.00
Dietary fiber2.6
0.3
2.8
VitaminsQuantity
%DV
Vitamin A equiv.
6%
630 μg
740 μg
Vitamin A1087 IU
Thiamine (B1)
13%
0.150 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
7%
0.08 mg
Niacin (B3)
4%
0.6 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
15%
0.75 mg
Vitamin B6
12%
0.16 mg
Folate (B9)
11%
42 μg
Vitamin B12
0%
0 μg
Choline
4%
17.4 mg
Vitamin C
72%
60 mg
Vitamin D
0%
0 μg
Vitamin E
3%
0.39 mg
Vitamin K
24%
25 μg
MineralsQuantity
%DV
Calcium
4%
43 mg
Iron
16%
2.08 mg
Magnesium
7%
24 mg
Manganese
12%
0.244 mg
Phosphorus
8%
53 mg
Potassium
4%
200 mg
Sodium
0%
4 mg
Zinc
3%
0.27 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water88.89
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

As with most legumes, snow peas host beneficial bacteria, rhizobia, in their root nodules, which fix nitrogen in the soil—this is called a mutualistic relationship—and are therefore a useful companion plant, especially useful to grow intercropped with green, leafy vegetables that benefit from high nitrogen content in their soil.[citation needed]

Snow peas can be grown in open fields during cool seasons and can thus be cultivated during winter and spring seasons.

Storage of the pea with films of polymethylpentene at a temperature of 5 °C and a concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide of 5 kPa augments the shelf life, internal and external characteristics of the plant.

  • Snow pea flowers

  • Sautéed snow pea shoots, a popular dish in Chinese cuisine

  1. Stephens, James M. (2018-11-05). "Pea, Snow—Pisum sativum L. (Macrocarpon Group)". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved2020-02-11.
  2. Myers, James R.; Baggett, James R.; Lamborn, Calvin (2010-06-22), Janick, Jules (ed.), "Origin, History, and Genetic Improvement of the Snap Pea ( Pisum sativum L.)", Plant Breeding Reviews, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 93–138, doi:10.1002/9780470650196.ch3, ISBN 978-0-470-65019-6
  3. Kiple, Kenneth F.; Ornelas, Kriemhild Coneè (2000). The Cambridge World History of Food. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-40215-6.
  4. "Definition of SNOW PEA". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved2020-02-11.
  5. Stephens, James M. (2018-11-05). "Pea, Snap—Pisum sativum L. (Macrocarpon Group)". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved2020-02-11.
  6. Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de (1825). Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive, Enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarium, juxta methodi naturalis, normas digesta. 2. Paris, France: Sumptibus Sociorum Treuttel et Würtz. p. 368.
  7. "Pisum sativum var. macrocarpum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  8. Ellis, T. H. N.; Hofer, J. M. I.; Timmerman-Vaughan, G. M.; Coyne, C. J.; Hellens, R. P. (2011). "Mendel, 150 years on". Trends in Plant Science. 16 (11): 590–596. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2011.06.006. PMID 21775188.
  9. Singh RJ; Jauhar PP (2005). Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement. CRC Press. pp. 74. ISBN 978-0-8493-1430-8.
  10. McGee, RJ; Baggett JR (1992). "Inheritance of Stringless Pod in Pisum sativum L."(PDF). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117 (4): 628–632. doi:10.21273/JASHS.117.4.628.
  11. De Ron, AM; et al. (2005). "Identifying superior snow pea breeding lines"(PDF). HortScience. 40 (5): 1216–1220. doi:10.21273/HORTSCI.40.5.1216.
  12. "Snow Pea Shoots Photo - Chinese Vegetable Photos". Chinesefood.about.com. 2011-10-17. Retrieved2011-12-18.
  13. Pariasca, JAT; et al. (2001). "Effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) and controlled atmosphere (CA) storage on the quality of snow pea pods (Pisum sativum L. var. saccharatum)". Postharvest Biology and Technology. 21 (2): 213–223. doi:10.1016/S0925-5214(00)00149-6.

Snow pea
Snow pea Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with Sweet pea The snow pea is an edible pod pea with flat pods and thin pod walls 2 It is eaten whole with both the seeds and the pod while still unripe Snow peaSpeciesPisum sativumCultivar groupMacrocarpon Group 1 Cultivar group membersMany see text Contents 1 Names 2 As food 3 As nitrogen fixers 4 Cultivation and storage 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 ReferencesNames EditThe common name snow pea seems to be a misnomer as the planting season of this pea is no earlier than that of other peas Another common name Chinese pea is probably related to its prominence in Chinese dishes served in the West 3 It is often called mangetout eat all in the British Isles but this can apply both to snow peas and to snap peas citation needed Snow peas and snap peas both belong to Macrocarpon Group 3 4 1 5 a cultivar group based on the variety Pisum sativum var macrocarpum Ser named in 1825 6 It was described as having very compressed non leathery edible pods in the original publication The scientific name Pisum sativum var saccharatum Ser is often misused for snow peas The variety under this name was described as having sub leathery and compressed terete pods and the French name petit pois 6 The description is inconsistent with the appearance of snow peas and therefore botanists have replace this name with Pisum sativum var macrocarpum 7 Austrian scientist and monk Gregor Mendel used peas which he called Pisum saccharatum in his famous experiments demonstrating the heritable nature of specific traits and this Latin name might not refer to the same varieties identified with modern snow peas 8 As food Edit A child holding an edible pod pea in Kenya Snow peas along with sugar snap peas and unlike field and garden peas are notable for having edible pods that lack inedible fiber 9 in the form of parchment a fibrous layer found in the inner pod rich in lignin 10 in the pod walls Snow peas have the thinner walls of the two edible pod variants Two recessive genes known as p and v are responsible for this trait 9 p is responsible for reducing the sclerenchymatous membrane on the inner pod wall while v reduces pod wall thickness n is a gene that thickens pod walls in snap peas 11 The stems and leaves of the immature plant are used as a vegetable in Chinese cooking stir fried with garlic and sometimes combined with crab or other shellfish 12 Snowpeas Snow peas Pisum sativum Nutritional value per 100gEnergy176 kJ 42 kcal Carbohydrates7 55Sugars4 00Dietary fiber2 6Fat0 3Protein2 8VitaminsQuantity DV Vitamin A equiv beta Carotenelutein zeaxanthin6 630 mg740 mgVitamin A1087 IUThiamine B1 13 0 150 mgRiboflavin B2 7 0 08 mgNiacin B3 4 0 6 mgPantothenic acid B5 15 0 75 mgVitamin B612 0 16 mgFolate B9 11 42 mgVitamin B120 0 mgCholine4 17 4 mgVitamin C72 60 mgVitamin D0 0 mgVitamin E3 0 39 mgVitamin K24 25 mgMineralsQuantity DV Calcium4 43 mgIron16 2 08 mgMagnesium7 24 mgManganese12 0 244 mgPhosphorus8 53 mgPotassium4 200 mgSodium0 4 mgZinc3 0 27 mgOther constituentsQuantityWater88 89Units mg micrograms mg milligrams IU International units Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults Source USDA FoodData CentralAs nitrogen fixers EditAs with most legumes snow peas host beneficial bacteria rhizobia in their root nodules which fix nitrogen in the soil this is called a mutualistic relationship and are therefore a useful companion plant especially useful to grow intercropped with green leafy vegetables that benefit from high nitrogen content in their soil citation needed Cultivation and storage EditSnow peas can be grown in open fields during cool seasons and can thus be cultivated during winter and spring seasons 11 Storage of the pea with films of polymethylpentene at a temperature of 5 C and a concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide of 5 kPa augments the shelf life internal and external characteristics of the plant 13 Gallery Edit Snow pea flowers Sauteed snow pea shoots a popular dish in Chinese cuisineSee also Edit Food portal List of companion plants Pea Rhizobia Snap peaReferences Edit a b Stephens James M 2018 11 05 Pea Snow Pisum sativum L Macrocarpon Group edis ifas ufl edu Retrieved 2020 02 11 Myers James R Baggett James R Lamborn Calvin 2010 06 22 Janick Jules ed Origin History and Genetic Improvement of the Snap Pea Pisum sativum L Plant Breeding Reviews John Wiley amp Sons Inc pp 93 138 doi 10 1002 9780470650196 ch3 ISBN 978 0 470 65019 6 a b Kiple Kenneth F Ornelas Kriemhild Conee 2000 The Cambridge World History of Food Cambridge University Press ISBN 978 0 521 40215 6 Definition of SNOW PEA www merriam webster com Retrieved 2020 02 11 Stephens James M 2018 11 05 Pea Snap Pisum sativum L Macrocarpon Group edis ifas ufl edu Retrieved 2020 02 11 a b Candolle Augustin Pyramus de 1825 Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis sive Enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarium juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta 2 Paris France Sumptibus Sociorum Treuttel et Wurtz p 368 Pisum sativum var macrocarpum Germplasm Resources Information Network GRIN Agricultural Research Service ARS United States Department of Agriculture USDA Ellis T H N Hofer J M I Timmerman Vaughan G M Coyne C J Hellens R P 2011 Mendel 150 years on Trends in Plant Science 16 11 590 596 doi 10 1016 j tplants 2011 06 006 PMID 21775188 a b Singh RJ Jauhar PP 2005 Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement CRC Press pp 74 ISBN 978 0 8493 1430 8 McGee RJ Baggett JR 1992 Inheritance of Stringless Pod in Pisum sativum L PDF J Am Soc Hort Sci 117 4 628 632 doi 10 21273 JASHS 117 4 628 a b De Ron AM et al 2005 Identifying superior snow pea breeding lines PDF HortScience 40 5 1216 1220 doi 10 21273 HORTSCI 40 5 1216 Snow Pea Shoots Photo Chinese Vegetable Photos Chinesefood about com 2011 10 17 Retrieved 2011 12 18 Pariasca JAT et al 2001 Effect of modified atmosphere packaging MAP and controlled atmosphere CA storage on the quality of snow pea pods Pisum sativum L var saccharatum Postharvest Biology and Technology 21 2 213 223 doi 10 1016 S0925 5214 00 00149 6 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Snow pea amp oldid 1049152456, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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