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Sobriquet

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.(September 2020) ()

A sobriquet ( ), or soubriquet, is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but often given by another, that is descriptive. A sobriquet is distinct from a pseudonym, as it is typically a familiar name used in place of a real name, without the need of explanation, and it often becomes more familiar than the original name.

The term sobriquet may apply to the nickname for a specific person, group of people, or place. Examples are "Emiye Menelik", a name of Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia, who was popularly and affectionately recognized for his kindness ("emiye" means "mother" in Amharic); "Genghis Khan", who now is rarely recognized by his original name Temüjin; and "Mohandas Gandhi", who is better known as Mahatma Gandhi ("mahatma" means "great soul" in Sanskrit). Well-known places often have sobriquets, such as New York City, often referred to as the "Big Apple".

Contents

The modern French spelling is sobriquet. Two early variants of the term are found: soubriquet and sotbriquet. The first early spelling variant, "soubriquet", remains in use and is considered the likely origin.

The second early spelling variant suggests derivation from the initial form sot, foolish, and the second part, briquet, is a French adaptation of Italian brichetto, diminutive of bricco, knave, possibly connected with briccone, rogue, which is supposed to be a derivative of the German brechen, to break; but the philologist Walter William Skeat considers this spelling to be an example of false etymology and argues the real origin should be sought in the form soubriquet.

Émile Littré gives an early-fourteenth-century soubsbriquet as meaning a chuck under the chin, and this would be derived from soubs, mod. sous (Latin: sub), under, and briquet or bruchel, the brisket, or lower part of the throat.

Sobriquets often are found in music, sports, comedy and politics. Candidates and political figures often are branded with sobriquets, either while living or posthumously. For example, president of the United States Abraham Lincoln came to be known as "Honest Abe".

In the A Dictionary of Modern English Usage (1926) Henry Watson Fowler warned: "Now the sobriquet habit is not a thing to be acquired, but a thing to be avoided; & the selection that follows is compiled for the purpose not of assisting but of discouraging it." He included the sobriquet among what he termed the "battered ornaments" of the language, but opinion on their use varies. Sobriquets remain a common feature of speech today.

Citations

  1. Mansky, Jackie. "When Lincoln Was More a Politician Than an "Honest Abe"". Smithsonian. Retrieved2017-09-26.
  2. "BBC Scotland season to celebrate Billy Connolly". 2020-05-02. Retrieved2020-10-05. A big celebration of the Big Yin is kicking off on the BBC Scotland channel.
  3. "Uncle Sam". Retrieved2020-10-08.

Sources

  • The dictionary definition of sobriquet at Wiktionary

Sobriquet
Sobriquet Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article includes a list of general references but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations September 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message A sobriquet ˈ s oʊ b r ɪ k eɪ SOH bri kay or soubriquet is a nickname sometimes assumed but often given by another that is descriptive A sobriquet is distinct from a pseudonym as it is typically a familiar name used in place of a real name without the need of explanation and it often becomes more familiar than the original name The term sobriquet may apply to the nickname for a specific person group of people or place Examples are Emiye Menelik a name of Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia who was popularly and affectionately recognized for his kindness emiye means mother in Amharic Genghis Khan who now is rarely recognized by his original name Temujin and Mohandas Gandhi who is better known as Mahatma Gandhi mahatma means great soul in Sanskrit Well known places often have sobriquets such as New York City often referred to as the Big Apple Contents 1 Etymology 2 Use 3 Examples 4 References 4 1 Citations 4 2 Sources 5 External linksEtymology EditThe modern French spelling is sobriquet Two early variants of the term are found soubriquet and sotbriquet The first early spelling variant soubriquet remains in use and is considered the likely origin The second early spelling variant suggests derivation from the initial form sot foolish and the second part briquet is a French adaptation of Italian brichetto diminutive of bricco knave possibly connected with briccone rogue which is supposed to be a derivative of the German brechen to break but the philologist Walter William Skeat considers this spelling to be an example of false etymology and argues the real origin should be sought in the form soubriquet Emile Littre gives an early fourteenth century soubsbriquet as meaning a chuck under the chin and this would be derived from soubs mod sous Latin sub under and briquet or bruchel the brisket or lower part of the throat Use EditSobriquets often are found in music sports comedy and politics Candidates and political figures often are branded with sobriquets either while living or posthumously For example president of the United States Abraham Lincoln came to be known as Honest Abe 1 In the A Dictionary of Modern English Usage 1926 Henry Watson Fowler warned Now the sobriquet habit is not a thing to be acquired but a thing to be avoided amp the selection that follows is compiled for the purpose not of assisting but of discouraging it He included the sobriquet among what he termed the battered ornaments of the language but opinion on their use varies Sobriquets remain a common feature of speech today Examples EditThe King of rock and roll Elvis Presley famous vocalist and musician Ataturk Mustafa Kemal the first president of the Republic of Turkey Name bestowed on him 24 November 1934 by the Turkish Grand National Assembly The Big Yin Billy Connolly Glaswegian comedian commonly referred to as The Big Yin meaning The Big One in Scots 2 The Big Apple New York City Albion Britain Columbia The United States or the Americas poetic name Dixie Dixieland from the Mason Dixon line the eleven Southern states that seceded and fought against the U S in the American Civil War The Fourth Estate the press Land of the Rising Sun Japan Pearl of the Orient the Philippines referring to its location in the Southeast Asia or the East with Orient meaning East Uncle Sam the U S in general or specifically its government likely from the initials U S 3 The War to End All Wars World War I since World War II used ironically The Windy City Chicago Illinois The Motor City Detroit Michigan Yankee or Yank for short originally only an American of European ancestry from the states that fought against the Confederacy in the Civil War but now from any non Southern state used outside the U S to mean any American sometimes derogatory in either usage Man s best friend dogs derived from the origins of dogs it indicates the relationship that has developed between the two species as they have each evolved to form a symbiotic relationship that is unique among humans relationships to domestic animals References EditCitations Edit Mansky Jackie When Lincoln Was More a Politician Than an Honest Abe Smithsonian Retrieved 2017 09 26 BBC Scotland season to celebrate Billy Connolly 2020 05 02 Retrieved 2020 10 05 A big celebration of the Big Yin is kicking off on the BBC Scotland channel Uncle Sam Retrieved 2020 10 08 Sources Edit This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Sobriquet Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th ed Cambridge University Press External links Edit The dictionary definition of sobriquet at Wiktionary Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sobriquet amp 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