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Société de transport de Montréal

The Société de transport de Montréal (STM; English:Montreal Transit Corporation) is a public transport agency that operates transit bus and rapid transit services in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Established in 1861 as the "Montreal City Passenger Railway Company", it has grown to comprise four subway lines with a total of 68 stations, as well as over 186 bus routes and 23 night routes. The STM was created in 2002 to replace the Société de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal (STCUM). The STM operates the most heavily used urban mass transit system in Canada, and one of the most heavily used rapid transit systems in North America. As of 2011, the average daily ridership is 2,524,500 passengers: 1,403,700 by bus, 1,111,700 by rapid transit and 9,200 by paratransit service.

Société de transport de Montréal
Top: Lionel-Groulx Metro station and STM logo. Prior to 2002, it was referred to as STCUM.

Second row: Honoré-Beaugrand Metro station, a 1996 NovaBus LFS "167 Le Casino" leaving the Montreal Biosphère and heading to the Casino de Montréal. Third row: Georges-Vanier Metro station, Berri-UQAM Metro station.

Bottom: Montreal's first two mayors, Jacques Viger and Peter McGill, in stained glass in the McGill Station of the Montreal Metro.
Overview
LocaleAgglomeration of Montreal
Transit typeBus, Rapid Transit, Taxibus, Paratransit
Number of lines197 bus routes + 23 night routes, 4 subway lines
Number of stations68
Daily ridership2,297,600 (avg. weekday Q1 2019)
Chief executiveLuc Tremblay
Headquarters800, rue de la Gauchetiere Ouest
Montreal, Quebec
H5A 1J6
Websitestm.info
Operation
Began operation1951 (as CTM)
1970 (as CTCUM)
1985 (as STCUM)
2002 (as STM)
Operator(s)Société de transport de Montréal

Contents

Old STM logo

Several other public transport companies existed prior to the creation of the STM. From 1861 to 1886, the Montreal City Passenger Railway Company operated a small network of horse-drawn trams (also called streetcars in North America).

In 1886, the company changed its name to the Montreal Street Railway Company. The first electric tram appeared in 1892 and was nicknamed the Rocket. The company underwent another name change in 1893: MSTR became the MTR for Montreal Island Beltline Railway. A year later, the network was fully electrified and in 1894, the last horse-drawn tram was taken out of service. From 1910 to 1911 the company was renamed Montreal Public Service Corporation before changing again to Montreal Tramways Company.

Although they were put into service in 1919, buses only began to be widely used starting in 1925, with the creation of several regular lines. Then in 1937, the first trolley buses were used. In 1939, the company had 929 trams, 224 buses and 7 trolley buses, serving about 200 million passengers per year. The replacement of tram lines by buses began in 1951, when a law was passed by the provincial government transferred the overall management of transport in Montreal to a public organization, the Commission de transport de Montréal (CTM). The last tram was withdrawn from service in 1959.

The Metro was inaugurated in 1966 and the same year saw the end of the trolley bus service.

The CTM became the Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal (CTCUM) in January 1970, and in 1985, rebranded itself again by becoming the Société de Transport de la Communauté Urbaine De Montréal (STCUM). Commuter trains ceased to be the managed by the STCUM in 1996 and responsibility for this service was transferred to the newly created Agence métropolitaine de transport.

It was not until 2002, at the time of the time of the merger of Montreal with other municipalities on the Island of Montreal that the Société de transport de Montreal was created, taking the place of the STCUM.

Past transit operators
Name Abbreviation Start date Finish date Remarks
Société de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal STCUM June 20, 1985 December 31, 2001 Conversion to a crown corporation[citation needed]
Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal CTCUM January 1, 1970 June 19, 1985 Creation of the Montreal Urban Community
Commission de transport de Montréal CTM June 16, 1951 December 31, 1969 Municipal corporation formed to take over assets of MTC
Montreal Tramways Company MTC March 24, 1911 June 15, 1951 New company from merger from MSRC, Montreal Park & Island Railway Company, and Montreal Terminal Railway Company
Montreal Street Railway Company MSRC June 21, 1886 March 23, 1911 New name
Montreal Park and Island Railway (MPIR) December 27, 1893 March 23, 1911 Transferred to Montreal Tramways
Montreal City Passenger Railway Company MSR May 18, 1861 June 20, 1886 Street railway service began 1861-11-27

Streetcars

Tramway crossing under construction at Ste. Catherine and St. Lawrence in 1893

From 1861 to 1959, Montreal had an extensive streetcar system. The streetcar network had its beginnings with the horsecar era of the Montreal City Passenger Railway in 1861. That private company would become the Montreal Street Railway in 1886 and the Montreal Tramways Company in 1911. The assets of the company were taken over by the city-owned Montreal Transportation Commission in 1951.

Regional transit service

The STM was formerly involved in the operation of regional transit services. The first such service was a set of bus routes inherited from the October 1980 expropriation of a private bus company called Metropolitan Provincial (1967) Inc. These regional bus routes operated from downtown Montreal to the western part of the Island of Montreal, as well as to off-island points located west, south-west, and north east of the Island of Montreal. By the end of 1985, the STM (then known by the initials CTCUM) had exited the regional bus business to focus on its core territory (the Island of Montreal). Most of the regional bus routes were passed to private operators who provided services under contract to newly formed intermunicipal transit councils.

The second regional service involved the management of two commuter train lines. On July 1, 1982, the CTCUM and the Canadian National Railway (CN) entered into an agreement to integrate the Montreal-Deux Montagnes commuter train line into the regular CTCUM bus and Metro network. The CTCUM paid CN to staff, run, and maintain the trains, while it set the fares and schedules. Passengers travelling within the CTCUM operating territory were able to transfer between the trains and the bus or Metro, no fare supplement was required to make a bus/Metro to train transfer . On October 1, 1982, a similar agreement with the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) went into effect and CP's Montreal-Rigaud commuter train line was integrated into the CTCUM network.

On January 1, 1996, responsibility for the commuter trains was transferred to the Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) (now RTM), a Quebec provincial government agency formed to coordinate all public transportation in the metropolitan Montreal region.

Fares

Fares for the Metro and buses are fully integrated, a ticket entitling the passenger to a complete trip, regardless of the mode of transportation used or the number of transfers required (within a time frame of 120 minutes). The tickets come in various forms: magnetized tickets, weekly and monthly magnetized cards and magnetized cards for bus transfers are inserted in the appropriate card readers at turnstiles in the Metro, and in the terminals present when boarding the bus. Tickets for reduced fares are non-magnetized and must be presented upon entry.

The entire STM network can be accessed with the same fares, with the exception of the Metro stations located in Laval (Cartier, De La Concorde and Montmorency) and Longueuil (Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke).

Rates are also partially integrated with those of the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM). There are five intermodal stations that provide correspondence between the Metro and commuter trains. Four of these stations are on the Orange line (Vendôme, Lucien-L'Allier, Bonaventure, De la Concorde) and one is on the Blue line (Parc).

The STM accepts cash, tickets (for Students and Seniors), as well as daily, weekly, and monthly passes. When a ticket or cash fare is used, a free transfer can be used for trips in one direction that are completed within two hours. Except for cash, these and other fares are stored on an OPUS card. Children 5 years of age and younger, accompanied by an adult, travel for free. Children under 5 cannot travel unaccompanied.

OPUS

Main article: OPUS card
An OPUS card reader located at the Bonaventure Metro Station

On April 21, 2008, the STM unveiled the contactless smart card called OPUS (a word that phonetically includes the French word puce, which is the generic French word for the chip used in any type smart card ) as a means of fare payment. In preparation for this new step in Montreal's public transportation network, turnstiles which incorporate the reader and automated vending machines had already been installed in Metro stations; buses had previously been fitted with new fare boxes that incorporate the card reader, in order to ensure the uniformity of methods of payment across Montreal's transit network and that of its suburbs.

Costs to the STM related to the project were approximatelyCA$138million, compared to the original estimated cost of some $100 million. The project was originally supposed to be implemented in 2006. In 2019, the STM announced plans to introduce improved OPUS card readers on buses beginning in 2020 in order to enable all-door boarding and debit card payment.

Schedules and route information

Each stop on each route is assigned a number and some of these systems require a user to know the number.

In 2017 the STM introduced "iBus", a real-time GPS tracking system. It includes electronic signs inside buses showing the estimated time of arrival at upcoming stops and the busiest bus stops have electronic signs showing the estimated time of arrival of the next bus.

A MétroVision screen at Place-des-Arts station.

All 68 Metro stations are equipped with the MétroVision information screens which displays advertising, news headlines and weather information from RDI and MétéoMédia, as well as STM-specific information regarding service changes, service delays and information pertaining to using the system.

Accessibility

All 197 daytime bus routes and 23 night routes are wheelchair accessible. All Metro lines except the Yellow line are accessible to wheelchairs. As of June 2021, there are 17 stations with elevators installed: Côte-Vertu, Du Collège, Snowdon, Lionel-Groulx, Bonaventure, Place-d'Armes, Champ-de-Mars, Berri-UQAM (orange and green lines only), Rosemont, Jean-Talon, Henri-Bourassa, Cartier, De La Concorde, Montmorency, Honoré-Beaugrand, Jean-Drapeau, and Vendôme. All of the elevators can be reached from street level.

Connections to other transit services

STM is connected to surrounding transit agencies such as:

The Service de police de la Ville de Montréal has a Unité métro (Metro Unit) that patrols Metro trains and stations. This unit has been in service since 2007.

Since the start of Metro service in 1966, the STM (and predecessors) has had its own transit safety force. STM Transit Safety Agents are not armed with a firearm but are provided with a baton and handcuffs.

Incidents

On May 10, 2012, smoke bombs were set off at Lionel-Groulx, Jean-Talon, Préfontaine, Fabre and Pie-IX stations, resulting in evacuations of the affected stations and a complete shutdown of the Metro for over two hours. The incident was not officially linked to the 2012 Quebec student strike.

In 2009, a woman was arrested, handcuffed, and searched by Laval Police Service (French: Service de police de Laval) officers for allegedly not holding an escalator handrail. Her case was rejected by both Quebec Superior Court and the Quebec Court of Appeal. In November 2018, the Supreme Court of Canada agreed to hear her appeal and in November 2019, ruled that her arrest and subsequent search were unlawful and had violated her rights. The court also awarded her $20,000 in damages.

Metro

Main article: Montreal Metro

The Montreal Metro rapid transit system was introduced in 1966 in preparation for the Canadian Centennial and Expo 67 World Fair in Montreal. Instead of traditional steel-wheeled trains, it is a rubber-tired metro, based on technology developed for the Paris Métro; Montreal's system was the first in the world to be entirely rubber-tired (as not all of Paris's lines use tires). The Metro system is Canada's busiest subway system in total daily passenger usage; in 2017, serving an average of 1,235,200 daily passengers on an average weekday; a figure which surpassed that of the Toronto subway and Vancouver SkyTrain. In 2016, 354 million riders (transfers not included) used the Metro, which since its opening had transported over 7 billion passengers as of 2010, roughly equivalent to the world's population.

Montreal Metro Lines
Line Number Colour Termini
1 Green Honoré-BeaugrandAngrignon
2 Orange Montmorency and Henri-Bourassa – Côte-Vertu
4 Yellow Berri-UQAMLongueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke
5 Blue Saint-MichelSnowdon

Bus services

Inside an STM LFS Novabus Artic.
An STM bus on the 125 route.

The STM bus service operates well over 200 bus routes serving a number of different markets. These routes serve an average of 1,403,700 daily passengers each weekday.

  • Local network routes, numbered 10-299, generally operate seven days per week, from 5:00 am to 1:00 am. Some routes offer decreased services on weekends and holidays. Within this classification, some routes operate only at peak hours Monday through Friday, and sometimes only in peak directions. The Navettes Or, numbered above 250, are specifically designed to serve the needs of senior citizens.
  • All-night network routes, with route numbers from 300 to 399, generally operate from 1:00 am to 5:00 am, seven days per week, at a maximum headway of 45 minutes. Some routes offer increased service early on Saturday and Sunday ("late" on Friday and Saturday).
  • Express Network routes, numbered 400–499, are limited-stop routes. Some routes are classified as Metrobus, and Trainbus and are geared to deliver commuters to specific Metro and commuter train stations, although these designations are no longer in use. Most Express routes operate only at peak hours Monday through Friday, and sometimes only in peak directions.
  • Shuttle Network routes, numbered 700–799, are special-purpose routes serving Canadiens hockey games, tourist areas like Old Montreal and La Ronde, as well as the express route running 24/7 between downtown and Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport.

On August 30, 2010, the STM introduced the "10 Minutes Max" network. This network, overlaid on both the local and express networks described above, schedules buses at a maximum headway of 10 minutes, between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m., Monday to Friday, on 31 of the STM's busiest bus routes. A few routes support that maximum headway only in the customary peak direction mornings and afternoons, while some routes outside of the advertised network attain similarly short headways but within shorter periods.

In early 2012, the STM announced a plan to convert its entire fleet of buses over to electric power by 2020.[citation needed] Beginning in 2012, all STM bus purchases will be either hybrids or electrics and, starting in 2011, Montreal will begin testing trolley buses (electric buses powered by overhead wires) on some of the city's busiest routes.

Taxibus

The STM also operates ten taxibus lines where the creation of regular bus service is not feasible. Regular STM fares apply, except that no cash is accepted.

Paratransit Service

The Société de Transport de Montréal operates a paratransit service for people with mobility problems. The lack of subway accessibility is critical for people whose mobility needs cannot be accommodated by stairs. STM's adapted transit is a system based on reservation, meaning that there is no room for flexibility. All trips must be booked at least one day in advance. Service began in April 1980. In first quarter, 2011, 9,200 trips were made through this service daily.

The STM operates over 1,800 buses in its fleet. Since 2012 the active fleet is composed exclusively of buses from the Nova Bus LF Series.

Current Société de transport de Montréal vehicles
Photo Manufacturer Years Model Remarks Fleet numbers Length
Nova Bus 2005–2009 LFS
  • Cummins ISL Engine
  • Axion destination sign
  • Wider front door and chevron livery from 2009 onwards
25–201 to 25–248
26–001 to 26–086
27–001 to 27–030
27–501 to 27–536
28–001 to 28–132
29–001 to 29–071
12 m (40 ft)
2008 LFS HEV
  • 28-701 & 28-704 have been repainted into the chevron livery.
28–701 to 28–708
2009–2012 LFS
  • Some units equipped with bike racks.
29–072 to 29–156
30–001 to 30–256
31–001 to 31–237
32–001 to 32–032
2009–2013 LFS-A
  • First articulated buses to run with the STM.
29–801 to 29–858
30–801 to 30–882
31–801 to 31–862
32–801 to 32–810
33–801 to 33–845
18 m (60 ft)
2016, 2019 LFSe
  • Enter this service on May 24, 2017.
  • Electric buses
  • Only in limited service.
  • Only on 36 Monk.
  • These 2019 units of buses painted/wrapped blue instead of green.
36–901 to 36–903
39–901 to 39–904
12 m (40 ft)
2016–2021 LFS HEV
  • Enter this service on June 4, 2016
  • Have BAE Hybridrive hybrid systems unlike the 2008 hybrids.
  • (37-055 to 41–105) – two wheelchair sets
36–001 to 36–027
36–028 to 36–051
37–001 to 37–107
38–001 to 38–100
39–001 to 39–150
40–001 to 40–251
41–001 to 41–178
BYD 2019 K7M
  • All indications are that the four BYD buses of the STM will be put into service on line 212 (Sainte-Anne).
  • The delivery of the four midibuses is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2019.
39–401 to 39–404 9.1 m (30 ft)
On order (units): 44
New Flyer 2019–2020 XE40
  • Contact awarded approved by the city in August 2018. First-ever New Flyer buses for Société de transport de Montréal.
  • The remaining 29 buses will be gradually delivered starting in June 2020.
  • These new buses are air-conditioned and have two wheelchair spaces.
40–901 to 40–930 12 m (40 ft)
Nova Bus 2022 LFS HEV fourth generation
  • En option.
42–001 to 42–112 12 m (40 ft)
2022
  • 20 Articulated buses for Pie-IX BRT.
42-801 to 42-820 18 m (60 ft)
2023
  • En option.
43–001 to 43–100 12 m (40 ft)

Terminal

Buses loading passengers at Terminus Côte-Vertu.

Most STM bus routes terminate at loops, side streets or Metro stations.

Regional Terminals

Other smaller STM loops/terminals include

Facilities

STM buses are operated out of a number of garages located around the city. They are Anjou, Crémazie, Frontenac, LaSalle, Legendre, Mont-Royal, Stinson, St-Denis, St-Laurent and St-Michel for Paratransit. The surface routes are divided into several divisions. Individual divisions have a superintendent, an on-duty mobile supervisor, a communications centre, and a garage facility tasked with managing the division's vehicle fleet and routes.

Metro trains are stored in the four garages at Angrignon, Beaugrand, Montmorency and Saint-Charles and there are three maintenance facilities at Duvernay, Plateau d'Youville and Viau.

Stops and shelters

119 Rockland stop
STM bus shelter

There are 8,500 bus stops in the STM network. Each stop has a panel that indicates the number of routes that stops there, the type of service, if the bus goes to a Metro or train station and the bus stop code enabling one to obtain the schedule by telephone at 514-AUTO-BUS. The STM is in the process of changing all its bus stop panels to a new modern pole that displays the route numbers. The route number is color-coded for the type of service it offers, dark blue is for regular routes, green is for express, metrobus and R-bus routes, black for night routes and gold for senior shuttles. Advertising is provided by CBS. On November 8, 2010, the STM launched 3 prototypes of modern bus shelters to replace the old ones. They will run on a solar power system and lights in the shelter are to be controlled by motion sensor. Bus shelters at high-traffic intersections feature an interactive screen where people can use hand gestures to access weather, news and bus route information. Since the introduction of GPS in the fleet, the screen can also be used to track busses on the route.

  1. "Everything about the STM". RetrievedMarch 28, 2018.
  2. https://www.apta.com/wp-content/uploads/2019-Q1-Ridership-APTA-1.pdf
  3. "Company Timeline". Stm.info. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. RetrievedApril 11, 2013.
  4. Binns, Richard. Montreal's Electric Streetcars. Railfare.
  5. "Transit History of Montreal, Quebec". home.cc.umanitoba.ca. RetrievedMarch 28, 2018.
  6. "STM Fare Information". STM. RetrievedMarch 25, 2013.
  7. http://www.stm.info/t-adapte/faq.htm
  8. "New card readers". Société de transport de Montréal. RetrievedMay 31, 2020.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. RetrievedAugust 13, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. http://www.stm.info/english/info/a-travaux_ecrans.htm
  11. "Elevator access to the métro". RetrievedMay 18, 2018.
  12. AMT bus connections
  13. "Montréal metro". Service de police de la Ville de Montréal. RetrievedApril 1, 2013.
  14. "Montreal Metro Shutdown". RetrievedMarch 28, 2018.
  15. Beatson, Jesse (November 21, 2018). "SCC to Hear Woman Arrested for Not Holding a Handrail". TheCourt.ca. RetrievedFebruary 1, 2021.
  16. Imrie, Alison (December 9, 2019). "SCC Allows Appeal in Escalator Handrail Case". TheCourt.ca. RetrievedFebruary 1, 2021.
  17. "Supreme Court awards $20K to woman fined for refusing to hold escalator handrail". CBC News. RetrievedFebruary 1, 2021.
  18. "2017 Q1 American Public transportation Association Ridership Report"(PDF). American Public Transportation Association. June 6, 2017. RetrievedOctober 27, 2017.
  19. "Un bus toutes les 10 minutes, au maximum". Radio-canada.ca.
  20. Eric Loveday. "Montreal's 1,300-plus bus fleet going all electric by 2025". Green.autoblog.com. RetrievedJanuary 2, 2012.
  21. STM, Taxibus service
  22. "Bike + Bus = Partners in Road Safety". RetrievedMarch 28, 2018.
  23. http://www.stm.info/sites/default/files/pdf/fr/rdd2018.pdf
  24. La STM opte pour des bus électriques chinois
  25. PELLETIER, GUILLAUME (October 4, 2019). "Montréal et Longueuil: des bus de Chine livrés en retard". Journal de Montreal. RetrievedNovember 22, 2019. We are facing unexpected delays from the supplier and a delivery in December 2019 is now targeted by BYD
  26. http://www.stm.info/sites/default/files/pdf/fr/pi_20-29.pdf
  27. http://www.stm.info/en/press/press-releases/2019/long-range-electric-bus-arrives-in-montreal
  28. La STM reçoit son premier autobus électrique à grande autonomie
  29. [1]
  30. "Digital transit shelters". RetrievedMarch 28, 2018.

Société de transport de Montréal
Societe de transport de Montreal Language Watch Edit The Societe de transport de Montreal STM English Montreal Transit Corporation is a public transport agency that operates transit bus and rapid transit services in Montreal Quebec Canada Established in 1861 as the Montreal City Passenger Railway Company it has grown to comprise four subway lines with a total of 68 stations as well as over 186 bus routes and 23 night routes The STM was created in 2002 to replace the Societe de transport de la communaute urbaine de Montreal STCUM The STM operates the most heavily used urban mass transit system in Canada and one of the most heavily used rapid transit systems in North America As of 2011 the average daily ridership is 2 524 500 passengers 1 403 700 by bus 1 111 700 by rapid transit and 9 200 by paratransit service 2 Societe de transport de MontrealTop Lionel Groulx Metro station and STM logo Prior to 2002 it was referred to as STCUM Second row Honore Beaugrand Metro station a 1996 NovaBus LFS 167 Le Casino leaving the Montreal Biosphere and heading to the Casino de Montreal Third row Georges Vanier Metro station Berri UQAM Metro station Bottom Montreal s first two mayors Jacques Viger and Peter McGill in stained glass in the McGill Station of the Montreal Metro OverviewLocaleAgglomeration of MontrealTransit typeBus Rapid Transit Taxibus ParatransitNumber of lines197 bus routes 23 night routes 4 subway lines 1 Number of stations68 1 Daily ridership2 297 600 avg weekday Q1 2019 2 Chief executiveLuc TremblayHeadquarters800 rue de la Gauchetiere Ouest Montreal Quebec H5A 1J6Websitestm infoOperationBegan operation1951 as CTM 1970 as CTCUM 1985 as STCUM 2002 as STM Operator s Societe de transport de Montreal Contents 1 History 1 1 Streetcars 1 2 Regional transit service 2 Services 2 1 Fares 2 1 1 OPUS 2 2 Schedules and route information 2 3 Accessibility 2 4 Connections to other transit services 3 Security 3 1 Incidents 4 Transit modes 4 1 Metro 4 2 Bus services 4 3 Taxibus 4 4 Paratransit Service 5 Current vehicles 6 Infrastructure 6 1 Terminal 6 1 1 Regional Terminals 6 1 1 1 Other smaller STM loops terminals include 6 2 Facilities 6 3 Stops and shelters 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory Edit Old STM logo Several other public transport companies existed prior to the creation of the STM From 1861 to 1886 the Montreal City Passenger Railway Company operated a small network of horse drawn trams also called streetcars in North America In 1886 the company changed its name to the Montreal Street Railway Company The first electric tram appeared in 1892 and was nicknamed the Rocket The company underwent another name change in 1893 MSTR became the MTR for Montreal Island Beltline Railway A year later the network was fully electrified and in 1894 the last horse drawn tram was taken out of service From 1910 to 1911 the company was renamed Montreal Public Service Corporation before changing again to Montreal Tramways Company Although they were put into service in 1919 buses only began to be widely used starting in 1925 with the creation of several regular lines Then in 1937 the first trolley buses were used In 1939 the company had 929 trams 224 buses and 7 trolley buses serving about 200 million passengers per year The replacement of tram lines by buses began in 1951 when a law was passed by the provincial government transferred the overall management of transport in Montreal to a public organization the Commission de transport de Montreal CTM The last tram was withdrawn from service in 1959 The Metro was inaugurated in 1966 and the same year saw the end of the trolley bus service The CTM became the Commission de transport de la communaute urbaine de Montreal CTCUM in January 1970 and in 1985 rebranded itself again by becoming the Societe de Transport de la Communaute Urbaine De Montreal STCUM Commuter trains ceased to be the managed by the STCUM in 1996 and responsibility for this service was transferred to the newly created Agence metropolitaine de transport It was not until 2002 at the time of the time of the merger of Montreal with other municipalities on the Island of Montreal that the Societe de transport de Montreal was created taking the place of the STCUM Past transit operators 3 4 Name Abbreviation Start date Finish date RemarksSociete de transport de la communaute urbaine de Montreal STCUM June 20 1985 December 31 2001 Conversion to a crown corporation citation needed Commission de transport de la communaute urbaine de Montreal CTCUM January 1 1970 June 19 1985 Creation of the Montreal Urban CommunityCommission de transport de Montreal CTM June 16 1951 December 31 1969 Municipal corporation formed to take over assets of MTCMontreal Tramways Company MTC March 24 1911 June 15 1951 New company from merger from MSRC Montreal Park amp Island Railway Company and Montreal Terminal Railway CompanyMontreal Street Railway Company MSRC June 21 1886 March 23 1911 New nameMontreal Park and Island Railway 5 MPIR December 27 1893 March 23 1911 Transferred to Montreal TramwaysMontreal City Passenger Railway Company MSR May 18 1861 June 20 1886 Street railway service began 1861 11 27Streetcars Edit Tramway crossing under construction at Ste Catherine and St Lawrence in 1893 Main article Streetcars in Montreal From 1861 to 1959 Montreal had an extensive streetcar system The streetcar network had its beginnings with the horsecar era of the Montreal City Passenger Railway in 1861 That private company would become the Montreal Street Railway in 1886 and the Montreal Tramways Company in 1911 The assets of the company were taken over by the city owned Montreal Transportation Commission in 1951 Regional transit service Edit The STM was formerly involved in the operation of regional transit services The first such service was a set of bus routes inherited from the October 1980 expropriation of a private bus company called Metropolitan Provincial 1967 Inc These regional bus routes operated from downtown Montreal to the western part of the Island of Montreal as well as to off island points located west south west and north east of the Island of Montreal By the end of 1985 the STM then known by the initials CTCUM had exited the regional bus business to focus on its core territory the Island of Montreal Most of the regional bus routes were passed to private operators who provided services under contract to newly formed intermunicipal transit councils The second regional service involved the management of two commuter train lines On July 1 1982 the CTCUM and the Canadian National Railway CN entered into an agreement to integrate the Montreal Deux Montagnes commuter train line into the regular CTCUM bus and Metro network The CTCUM paid CN to staff run and maintain the trains while it set the fares and schedules Passengers travelling within the CTCUM operating territory were able to transfer between the trains and the bus or Metro no fare supplement was required to make a bus Metro to train transfer On October 1 1982 a similar agreement with the Canadian Pacific Railway CP went into effect and CP s Montreal Rigaud commuter train line was integrated into the CTCUM network On January 1 1996 responsibility for the commuter trains was transferred to the Agence metropolitaine de transport AMT now RTM a Quebec provincial government agency formed to coordinate all public transportation in the metropolitan Montreal region Services EditFares Edit Fares for the Metro and buses are fully integrated a ticket entitling the passenger to a complete trip regardless of the mode of transportation used or the number of transfers required within a time frame of 120 minutes The tickets come in various forms magnetized tickets weekly and monthly magnetized cards and magnetized cards for bus transfers are inserted in the appropriate card readers at turnstiles in the Metro and in the terminals present when boarding the bus Tickets for reduced fares are non magnetized and must be presented upon entry The entire STM network can be accessed with the same fares with the exception of the Metro stations located in Laval Cartier De La Concorde and Montmorency and Longueuil Longueuil Universite de Sherbrooke Rates are also partially integrated with those of the Reseau de transport metropolitain RTM There are five intermodal stations that provide correspondence between the Metro and commuter trains Four of these stations are on the Orange line Vendome Lucien L Allier Bonaventure De la Concorde and one is on the Blue line Parc The STM accepts cash tickets for Students and Seniors as well as daily weekly and monthly passes When a ticket or cash fare is used a free transfer can be used for trips in one direction that are completed within two hours Except for cash these and other fares are stored on an OPUS card Children 5 years of age and younger accompanied by an adult travel for free Children under 5 cannot travel unaccompanied 6 OPUS Edit Main article OPUS card An OPUS card reader located at the Bonaventure Metro Station On April 21 2008 the STM unveiled the contactless smart card called OPUS a word that phonetically includes the French word puce which is the generic French word for the chip used in any type smart card 7 as a means of fare payment In preparation for this new step in Montreal s public transportation network turnstiles which incorporate the reader and automated vending machines had already been installed in Metro stations buses had previously been fitted with new fare boxes that incorporate the card reader in order to ensure the uniformity of methods of payment across Montreal s transit network and that of its suburbs Costs to the STM related to the project were approximately CA 138 million compared to the original estimated cost of some 100 million The project was originally supposed to be implemented in 2006 In 2019 the STM announced plans to introduce improved OPUS card readers on buses beginning in 2020 in order to enable all door boarding and debit card payment 8 Schedules and route information Edit Each stop on each route is assigned a number and some of these systems require a user to know the number In 2017 the STM introduced iBus a real time GPS tracking system It includes electronic signs inside buses showing the estimated time of arrival at upcoming stops and the busiest bus stops have electronic signs showing the estimated time of arrival of the next bus 9 A MetroVision screen at Place des Arts station All 68 Metro stations are equipped with the MetroVision information screens which displays advertising news headlines and weather information from RDI and MeteoMedia as well as STM specific information regarding service changes service delays and information pertaining to using the system 10 Accessibility Edit All 197 daytime bus routes and 23 night routes are wheelchair accessible All Metro lines except the Yellow line are accessible to wheelchairs As of June 2021 there are 17 stations with elevators installed Cote Vertu Du College Snowdon Lionel Groulx Bonaventure Place d Armes Champ de Mars Berri UQAM orange and green lines only Rosemont Jean Talon Henri Bourassa Cartier De La Concorde Montmorency Honore Beaugrand Jean Drapeau and Vendome All of the elevators can be reached from street level 11 Connections to other transit services Edit STM is connected to surrounding transit agencies such as Societe de transport de Laval STL City of Laval Reseau de transport de Longueuil RTL City of Longueuil Exo EXO provides commuter rail service to Vaudreuil Hudson Deux Montagnes Saint Jerome Mont Saint Hilaire Candiac and Mascouche lines as well as a number of commuter bus and transit lines which provide service to suburban and rural areas such as Chateauguay Salaberry de Valleyfield Saint Jean sur Richelieu Saint Hyacinthe Sorel Tracy Repentigny Terrebonne and Saint Jerome 12 Security EditThe Service de police de la Ville de Montreal has a Unite metro Metro Unit that patrols Metro trains and stations This unit has been in service since 2007 13 Since the start of Metro service in 1966 the STM and predecessors has had its own transit safety force STM Transit Safety Agents are not armed with a firearm but are provided with a baton and handcuffs Incidents Edit On May 10 2012 smoke bombs were set off at Lionel Groulx Jean Talon Prefontaine Fabre and Pie IX stations resulting in evacuations of the affected stations and a complete shutdown of the Metro for over two hours The incident was not officially linked to the 2012 Quebec student strike 14 In 2009 a woman was arrested handcuffed and searched by Laval Police Service French Service de police de Laval officers for allegedly not holding an escalator handrail Her case was rejected by both Quebec Superior Court and the Quebec Court of Appeal In November 2018 the Supreme Court of Canada agreed to hear her appeal 15 and in November 2019 ruled that her arrest and subsequent search were unlawful and had violated her rights The court also awarded her 20 000 in damages 16 17 Transit modes EditMetro Edit Main article Montreal Metro The Montreal Metro rapid transit system was introduced in 1966 in preparation for the Canadian Centennial and Expo 67 World Fair in Montreal Instead of traditional steel wheeled trains it is a rubber tired metro based on technology developed for the Paris Metro Montreal s system was the first in the world to be entirely rubber tired as not all of Paris s lines use tires The Metro system is Canada s busiest subway system in total daily passenger usage in 2017 serving an average of 1 235 200 daily passengers on an average weekday a figure which surpassed that of the Toronto subway and Vancouver SkyTrain 18 In 2016 354 million riders transfers not included used the Metro 18 which since its opening had transported over 7 billion passengers as of 2010 roughly equivalent to the world s population Montreal Metro Lines Line Number Colour Termini1 Green Honore Beaugrand Angrignon2 Orange Montmorency and Henri Bourassa Cote Vertu4 Yellow Berri UQAM Longueuil Universite de Sherbrooke5 Blue Saint Michel Snowdon Bus services Edit Main article List of Montreal Bus Routes Inside an STM LFS Novabus Artic An STM bus on the 125 route The STM bus service operates well over 200 bus routes serving a number of different markets These routes serve an average of 1 403 700 daily passengers each weekday 2 Local network routes numbered 10 299 generally operate seven days per week from 5 00 am to 1 00 am Some routes offer decreased services on weekends and holidays Within this classification some routes operate only at peak hours Monday through Friday and sometimes only in peak directions The Navettes Or numbered above 250 are specifically designed to serve the needs of senior citizens All night network routes with route numbers from 300 to 399 generally operate from 1 00 am to 5 00 am seven days per week at a maximum headway of 45 minutes Some routes offer increased service early on Saturday and Sunday late on Friday and Saturday Express Network routes numbered 400 499 are limited stop routes Some routes are classified as Metrobus and Trainbus and are geared to deliver commuters to specific Metro and commuter train stations although these designations are no longer in use Most Express routes operate only at peak hours Monday through Friday and sometimes only in peak directions Shuttle Network routes numbered 700 799 are special purpose routes serving Canadiens hockey games tourist areas like Old Montreal and La Ronde as well as the express route running 24 7 between downtown and Montreal Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport On August 30 2010 the STM introduced the 10 Minutes Max network This network overlaid on both the local and express networks described above schedules buses at a maximum headway of 10 minutes between 6 a m and 9 p m Monday to Friday on 31 of the STM s busiest bus routes 19 A few routes support that maximum headway only in the customary peak direction mornings and afternoons while some routes outside of the advertised network attain similarly short headways but within shorter periods In early 2012 the STM announced a plan to convert its entire fleet of buses over to electric power by 2020 citation needed Beginning in 2012 all STM bus purchases will be either hybrids or electrics and starting in 2011 Montreal will begin testing trolley buses electric buses powered by overhead wires on some of the city s busiest routes 20 Taxibus Edit The STM also operates ten taxibus lines where the creation of regular bus service is not feasible Regular STM fares apply except that no cash is accepted 21 Baie d Urfe connecting to Baie d Urfe commuter railway station Stewart Hall connecting to various locations in Pointe Claire Ile des Soeurs connecting to Place du Commerce Lachine connecting to Lachine commuter railway station L Ile Bizard connecting to bus route 407 Express Ile Bizard Norman connecting Lachine s residential neighborhoods to the industrial area north of Highway 20 Lachine Industrial Park connecting to Dorval commuter railway station Phillips Avenue Senneville connecting to bus route 419 Express John Abbott Sainte Anne de Bellevue Sainte Marie district connecting to Sainte Anne de Bellevue commuter railway station Senneville connecting to Sainte Anne de Bellevue commuter railway station Montreal Technoparc connecting to Sunnybrooke commuter railway stationParatransit Service Edit The Societe de Transport de Montreal operates a paratransit service for people with mobility problems The lack of subway accessibility is critical for people whose mobility needs cannot be accommodated by stairs STM s adapted transit is a system based on reservation meaning that there is no room for flexibility All trips must be booked at least one day in advance Service began in April 1980 In first quarter 2011 9 200 trips were made through this service daily 2 Current vehicles EditThe STM operates over 1 800 buses in its fleet Since 2012 the active fleet is composed exclusively of buses from the Nova Bus LF Series Current Societe de transport de Montreal vehiclesPhoto Manufacturer Years Model Remarks Fleet numbers Length Nova Bus 2005 2009 LFS Cummins ISL Engine Axion destination sign Wider front door and chevron livery from 2009 onwards 25 201 to 25 248 26 001 to 26 086 27 001 to 27 030 27 501 to 27 536 28 001 to 28 132 29 001 to 29 071 12 m 40 ft 2008 LFS HEV 28 701 amp 28 704 have been repainted into the chevron livery 28 701 to 28 708 2009 2012 LFS Some units equipped with bike racks 22 29 072 to 29 156 30 001 to 30 256 31 001 to 31 237 32 001 to 32 032 2009 2013 LFS A First articulated buses to run with the STM 29 801 to 29 858 30 801 to 30 882 31 801 to 31 862 32 801 to 32 810 33 801 to 33 845 18 m 60 ft 2016 2019 LFSe Enter this service on May 24 2017 23 Electric buses Only in limited service Only on 36 Monk These 2019 units of buses painted wrapped blue instead of green 36 901 to 36 903 39 901 to 39 904 12 m 40 ft 2016 2021 LFS HEV Enter this service on June 4 2016 Have BAE Hybridrive hybrid systems unlike the 2008 hybrids 37 055 to 41 105 two wheelchair sets 36 001 to 36 027 36 028 to 36 051 37 001 to 37 107 38 001 to 38 100 39 001 to 39 150 40 001 to 40 251 41 001 to 41 178BYD 2019 K7M All indications are that the four BYD buses of the STM will be put into service on line 212 Sainte Anne 24 The delivery of the four midibuses is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2019 25 39 401 to 39 404 9 1 m 30 ft On order units 26 44 New Flyer 2019 2020 XE40 Contact awarded approved by the city in August 2018 First ever New Flyer buses for Societe de transport de Montreal The remaining 29 buses will be gradually delivered starting in June 2020 27 28 These new buses are air conditioned and have two wheelchair spaces 28 40 901 to 40 930 12 m 40 ft Nova Bus 2022 LFS HEV fourth generation En option 29 42 001 to 42 112 12 m 40 ft 2022 20 Articulated buses for Pie IX BRT 29 42 801 to 42 820 18 m 60 ft 2023 En option 29 43 001 to 43 100 12 m 40 ft A 2008 present Ford E Series STM bus used for the paratransit service The original STM logo on a 2008 2010 Ford F 250 A STM Transit Safety vehicle which is a Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor An STM cutaway vehicle a Ford E 350 The original STM logo and the Chevrolet Express vanInfrastructure EditTerminal Edit Buses loading passengers at Terminus Cote Vertu Most STM bus routes terminate at loops side streets or Metro stations Regional Terminals Edit Terminus Angrignon Terminus Cote Vertu Terminus Dorval Terminus Fairview Terminus Henri Bourassa Nord Terminus Henri Bourassa Sud Terminus Honore Beaugrand Terminus RadissonOther smaller STM loops terminals include Edit Terminus Anjou Terminus Atwater Terminus Jolicoeur Terminus Lafleur Newman Terminus MacDonald Terminus Sherbrooke Gouin Terminus Vendome Terminus 100th Avenue Beaubien Loop Cremazie Loop Laurier Loop Rosemont Loop Villa Maria Loop Du College LoopFacilities Edit STM buses are operated out of a number of garages located around the city They are Anjou Cremazie Frontenac LaSalle Legendre Mont Royal Stinson St Denis St Laurent and St Michel for Paratransit The surface routes are divided into several divisions Individual divisions have a superintendent an on duty mobile supervisor a communications centre and a garage facility tasked with managing the division s vehicle fleet and routes Metro trains are stored in the four garages at Angrignon Beaugrand Montmorency and Saint Charles and there are three maintenance facilities at Duvernay Plateau d Youville and Viau Stops and shelters Edit 119 Rockland stop STM bus shelter There are 8 500 bus stops in the STM network Each stop has a panel that indicates the number of routes that stops there the type of service if the bus goes to a Metro or train station and the bus stop code enabling one to obtain the schedule by telephone at 514 AUTO BUS The STM is in the process of changing all its bus stop panels to a new modern pole that displays the route numbers The route number is color coded for the type of service it offers dark blue is for regular routes green is for express metrobus and R bus routes black for night routes and gold for senior shuttles Advertising is provided by CBS On November 8 2010 the STM launched 3 prototypes of modern bus shelters to replace the old ones They will run on a solar power system and lights in the shelter are to be controlled by motion sensor Bus shelters at high traffic intersections feature an interactive screen where people can use hand gestures to access weather news and bus route information Since the introduction of GPS in the fleet the screen can also be used to track busses on the route 30 See also Edit Transport portal Montreal Expo ExpressReferences Edit a b Everything about the STM Retrieved March 28 2018 a b c d https www apta com wp content uploads 2019 Q1 Ridership APTA 1 pdf Company Timeline Stm info Archived from the original on May 12 2013 Retrieved April 11 2013 Binns Richard Montreal s Electric Streetcars Railfare Transit History of Montreal Quebec home cc umanitoba ca Retrieved March 28 2018 STM Fare Information STM Retrieved March 25 2013 http www stm info t adapte faq htm New card readers Societe de transport de Montreal Retrieved May 31 2020 Archived copy Archived from the original on September 26 2011 Retrieved August 13 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link http www stm info english info a travaux ecrans htm Elevator access to the metro Retrieved May 18 2018 AMT bus connections Montreal metro Service de police de la Ville de Montreal Retrieved April 1 2013 Montreal Metro Shutdown Retrieved March 28 2018 Beatson Jesse November 21 2018 SCC to Hear Woman Arrested for Not Holding a Handrail TheCourt ca Retrieved February 1 2021 Imrie Alison December 9 2019 SCC Allows Appeal in Escalator Handrail Case TheCourt ca Retrieved February 1 2021 Supreme Court awards 20K to woman fined for refusing to hold escalator handrail CBC News Retrieved February 1 2021 a b 2017 Q1 American Public transportation Association Ridership Report PDF American Public Transportation Association June 6 2017 Retrieved October 27 2017 Un bus toutes les 10 minutes au maximum Radio canada ca Eric Loveday Montreal s 1 300 plus bus fleet going all electric by 2025 Green autoblog com Retrieved January 2 2012 STM Taxibus service Bike Bus Partners in Road Safety Retrieved March 28 2018 http www stm info sites default files pdf fr rdd2018 pdf La STM opte pour des bus electriques chinois PELLETIER GUILLAUME October 4 2019 Montreal et Longueuil des bus de Chine livres en retard Journal de Montreal Retrieved November 22 2019 We are facing unexpected delays from the supplier and a delivery in December 2019 is now targeted by BYD http www stm info sites default files pdf fr pi 20 29 pdf http www stm info en press press releases 2019 long range electric bus arrives in montreal a b La STM recoit son premier autobus electrique a grande autonomie a b c 1 Digital transit shelters Retrieved March 28 2018 External links EditSociete de transport de Montreal STM English Route maps and schedules History of Buses in Montreal Choice of Maps Montreal by Metro Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Societe de transport de Montreal amp oldid 1051306773, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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