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Social Democratic Party of Montenegro

The Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Socijaldemokratska partija / Социјалдемократска партија, SDP) is a social-democratic political party in Montenegro. A member of the Progressive Alliance, it is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership in the Socialist International.

Social Democratic Party
Социјалдемократска партија
Socijaldemokratska partija
AbbreviationSDP
PresidentRaško Konjević
Honorary PresidentRanko Krivokapić
FoundersŽarko Rakčević
Ljubiša Stanković
Dragiša Burzan
Founded12 June 1993
HeadquartersPodgorica
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International
Colours Red
Parliament
2 / 81
Local Parliaments
22 / 786
Website
sdp.co.me

The SDP is a pro-European, social-democratic centre-left party, with civic nationalist, Montenegrin nationalist, and progressive factions. In 2015, the Social Democrats of Montenegro split from the SDP. Since 2016, the SDP has been opposed to the government of Milo Đukanović and the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro.

Contents

On 14 July 1991, members of the Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia (SRSJ) from four coastal municipalities in the SR Montenegro, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat and Budva, who were subsequently joined by reformists from Cetinje, formed the first regional Montenegrin party, the Alliance of Reformists of the Montenegrin Coastline, with Miodrag Marović as the president. On 7 July 1992, the SRSJ united with Žarko Rakčević's Party of Socialists desiring to create a major Montenegrin party, forming the Social Democratic Party of Reformists of Montenegro. On 12 June 1993, the Independent Organization of Communists of Bar, the Alliance of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia for Montenegro, and the Party of National Tolerance merged into it, forming the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and uniting the forces that opposed the policies of Slobodan Milošević's regime during the Yugoslav wars. Eventually, the Yugoslav People's Party and the Old Yugoslav People's Party also merged into SDP in the following years. Notable SDP founders include Žarko Rakčević, Dragiša Burzan, and Ljubiša Stanković.

When the policies of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS) turned towards the goal of full independence for Montenegro, DPS and SDP started working closely together to achieve this goal. Allying itself with the DPS and Đukanović ahead of the 1998 Montenegrin parliamentary election allowed the SDP to enter the parliament for the first time in its history. Since the 1998 election, SDP has continued to a minor coalition partner of DPS and a part of every government of Montenegro between 1998 and 2015. The goal of restoration of the Montenegrin independence was achieved following the victory in a referendum held on 21 May 2006. Incumbent president of the SDP and President of the Parliament of Montenegro from 2003 to 2016, Ranko Krivokapić, officially proclaimed the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006.

Following the shift of the party towards a more critical and independent political course, the pro-DPS faction of the SDP formed in July 2015 a new party named Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD). On 22 January 2016, SDP officially left the ruling Coalition for a European Montenegro with the DPS and announced its support for a vote of no confidence against the government of Milo Đukanović on 25 January 2016. Dollowing the 2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election SDP ran independently for the first time since 1996, and retained its parliamentary status, winning 5.23% of votes.

At the 2018 Montenegrin presidential election, SDP nominated its MP Draginja Vuksanović, who was the first female presidential candidate in the history of Montenegro. Vuksanović finished third, winning 8.2% of the votes. On 29 June 2019, after Krivokapić resignation, Vuksanović was elected new president of the Party, making her the only female president of a Montenegrin political party, at the time. On this occasion, former President Krivokapic has been named honorary president.

Parliamentary elections

Parliament of Montenegro
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Coalition Government
1992–1993 13.002[a] 4.10%
4 / 75
4 Opposition
1996 16,708 5.66%[b]
0 / 75
4 Extra-parliamentary
1998 170,080 48.87%
5 / 75
5 ECG Government
2001 153,946 42.04%
6 / 75
1 ECG Government
2002 167,166 48.0%
7 / 75
1 ECG Government
2006 164,737 48.62%
7 / 81
ECG Government
2009 168,290 51.9%
9 / 81
2 ECG Government
2012 165,380 45.60%
6 / 81
3 ECG Provisional government[c]
2016 20,011 5.23%
4 / 81
2 Opposition
2020 12,835 3.14%
2 / 81
2 Opposition
Notes

A Social Democratic Party of Reformists (SDPR). Shortly after the election, the SDPR merged with the extra-parliamentary Socialist Party of Montenegro (SP) to form the Social Democratic Party (SDP). The SDPR-elected MPs joined the newly-formed SDP's parliamentary group.
B The electoral threshold was set at 6% using the d'Hondt method, the threshold was returned to 3% for the next parliamentary election in 1998.
C Part of Đukanović VI Cabinet (2012–2015), Opposition (2015–2016), part of provisional government (2016)

Presidential elections

President of Montenegro
Election year Candidate No. 1st round votes % No. 2nd round votes % Notes
1997 Milo Đukanović 2nd 145,348 46.71% 1st 174,745 50.79 DPS support
2003 Filip Vujanović 1st 139,574 64.2% N/A ECG support
2008 Filip Vujanović 1st 171,118 51.89% N/A ECG support
2018 Draginja Vuksanović 3rd 27,441 8.20% N/A
  1. Nordsieck, Wolfram (August 2020). "Montenegro". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved2 September 2020.
  2. "Parties & Organisations". Progressive Alliance. Retrieved22 July 2019.
  3. "Full list of member parties and organisations". Socialist International. Retrieved22 July 2019.
  4. "Istorijat" [History]. SDP (in Bosnian). Social Democratic Party of Montenegro. Retrieved28 October 2021.
  5. Gudović, Ivana (9 July 2015). "Socijaldemokrate Crne Gore nova partija" [Social Democrats of Montenegro new party]. Vijesti (in Serbian). Retrieved28 October 2021.
  6. Kajošević, Samir (22 March 2018). "Vuksanović poručila da neće odustati od kandidature" [Vuksanović said that she would not give up her candidacy]. Vijesti (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved28 October 2021.

Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro Language Watch Edit The Social Democratic Party of Montenegro Montenegrin Socijaldemokratska partija Sociјaldemokratska partiјa SDP is a social democratic political party in Montenegro 1 A member of the Progressive Alliance 2 it is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership in the Socialist International 3 Social Democratic Party Sociјaldemokratska partiјa Socijaldemokratska partijaAbbreviationSDPPresidentRasko KonjevicHonorary PresidentRanko KrivokapicFoundersZarko Rakcevic Ljubisa Stankovic Dragisa BurzanFounded12 June 1993HeadquartersPodgoricaIdeologySocial democracyPolitical positionCentre leftEuropean affiliationParty of European SocialistsInternational affiliationProgressive Alliance Socialist InternationalColours RedParliament2 81Local Parliaments22 786Websitesdp wbr co wbr mePolitics of MontenegroPolitical partiesElections The SDP is a pro European social democratic centre left party with civic nationalist Montenegrin nationalist and progressive factions In 2015 the Social Democrats of Montenegro split from the SDP Since 2016 the SDP has been opposed to the government of Milo Đukanovic and the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Contents 1 History 2 Elections 2 1 Parliamentary elections 2 2 Presidential elections 3 Positions held 4 References 5 External linksHistory EditOn 14 July 1991 members of the Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia SRSJ from four coastal municipalities in the SR Montenegro Herceg Novi Kotor Tivat and Budva who were subsequently joined by reformists from Cetinje formed the first regional Montenegrin party the Alliance of Reformists of the Montenegrin Coastline with Miodrag Marovic as the president On 7 July 1992 the SRSJ united with Zarko Rakcevic s Party of Socialists desiring to create a major Montenegrin party forming the Social Democratic Party of Reformists of Montenegro On 12 June 1993 the Independent Organization of Communists of Bar the Alliance of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia for Montenegro and the Party of National Tolerance merged into it forming the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and uniting the forces that opposed the policies of Slobodan Milosevic s regime during the Yugoslav wars Eventually the Yugoslav People s Party and the Old Yugoslav People s Party also merged into SDP in the following years Notable SDP founders include Zarko Rakcevic Dragisa Burzan and Ljubisa Stankovic 4 When the policies of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS turned towards the goal of full independence for Montenegro DPS and SDP started working closely together to achieve this goal Allying itself with the DPS and Đukanovic ahead of the 1998 Montenegrin parliamentary election allowed the SDP to enter the parliament for the first time in its history Since the 1998 election SDP has continued to a minor coalition partner of DPS and a part of every government of Montenegro between 1998 and 2015 The goal of restoration of the Montenegrin independence was achieved following the victory in a referendum held on 21 May 2006 Incumbent president of the SDP and President of the Parliament of Montenegro from 2003 to 2016 Ranko Krivokapic officially proclaimed the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006 Following the shift of the party towards a more critical and independent political course the pro DPS faction of the SDP formed in July 2015 a new party named Social Democrats of Montenegro SD 5 On 22 January 2016 SDP officially left the ruling Coalition for a European Montenegro with the DPS and announced its support for a vote of no confidence against the government of Milo Đukanovic on 25 January 2016 Dollowing the 2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election SDP ran independently for the first time since 1996 and retained its parliamentary status winning 5 23 of votes At the 2018 Montenegrin presidential election SDP nominated its MP Draginja Vuksanovic who was the first female presidential candidate in the history of Montenegro Vuksanovic finished third winning 8 2 of the votes 6 On 29 June 2019 after Krivokapic resignation Vuksanovic was elected new president of the Party making her the only female president of a Montenegrin political party at the time On this occasion former President Krivokapic has been named honorary president Elections EditParliamentary elections Edit Parliament of Montenegro Year Popular vote of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Coalition Government1992 1993 13 002 a 4 10 4 75 4 Opposition1996 16 708 5 66 b 0 75 4 Extra parliamentary1998 170 080 48 87 5 75 5 ECG Government2001 153 946 42 04 6 75 1 ECG Government2002 167 166 48 0 7 75 1 ECG Government2006 164 737 48 62 7 81 ECG Government2009 168 290 51 9 9 81 2 ECG Government2012 165 380 45 60 6 81 3 ECG Provisional government c 2016 20 011 5 23 4 81 2 Opposition2020 12 835 3 14 2 81 2 OppositionNotes A Social Democratic Party of Reformists SDPR Shortly after the election the SDPR merged with the extra parliamentary Socialist Party of Montenegro SP to form the Social Democratic Party SDP The SDPR elected MPs joined the newly formed SDP s parliamentary group B The electoral threshold was set at 6 using the d Hondt method the threshold was returned to 3 for the next parliamentary election in 1998 C Part of Đukanovic VI Cabinet 2012 2015 Opposition 2015 2016 part of provisional government 2016 Presidential elections Edit President of Montenegro Election year Candidate No 1st round votes No 2nd round votes Notes1997 Milo Đukanovic 2nd 145 348 46 71 1st 174 745 50 79 DPS support2003 Filip Vujanovic 1st 139 574 64 2 N A ECG support2008 Filip Vujanovic 1st 171 118 51 89 N A ECG support2018 Draginja Vuksanovic 3rd 27 441 8 20 N A Positions held EditPresident of the Parliament of Montenegro YearsRanko Krivokapic 2003 2016References Edit Nordsieck Wolfram August 2020 Montenegro Parties and Elections in Europe Retrieved 2 September 2020 Parties amp Organisations Progressive Alliance Retrieved 22 July 2019 Full list of member parties and organisations Socialist International Retrieved 22 July 2019 Istorijat History SDP in Bosnian Social Democratic Party of Montenegro Retrieved 28 October 2021 Gudovic Ivana 9 July 2015 Socijaldemokrate Crne Gore nova partija Social Democrats of Montenegro new party Vijesti in Serbian Retrieved 28 October 2021 Kajosevic Samir 22 March 2018 Vuksanovic porucila da nece odustati od kandidature Vuksanovic said that she would not give up her candidacy Vijesti in Serbian Archived from the original on 23 March 2018 Retrieved 28 October 2021 External links EditOfficial website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Social Democratic Party of Montenegro amp oldid 1054494554, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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