fbpx
Wikipedia

Social media in the 2020 United States presidential election

Social media was used extensively in the 2020 United States presidential election. Incumbent president Donald Trump had previously utilized his Twitter account in the past to reach his voters and make announcements, both during and after the 2016 election. The Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden also made use of social media networks to express his views and opinions on important events such as the Trump administration's response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protests following the murder of George Floyd, and the controversial appointment of Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court.

Similar to the previous presidential election, social media helped shape the course of events, with candidates often hunting for 'viral moments'. These could include certain posts, remarks or videos.

In contrast to the previous election, the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal that was exposed after Donald Trump's electoral victory in 2016 led to tighter regulation on the harvesting of personal data for political advertising. Additionally, many platforms enforced stricter rules on the content that was be posted, and also incorporated fact checking software into their applications. The software repeatedly flagged Republican candidate Donald Trump's posts, which led him to accuse social media companies of bias against his campaign.

Contents

In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump made extensive use of his Twitter account to broadcast his thoughts and opinions during his campaign. The Trump campaign also utilized targeted advertising on the social media site Facebook, by hiring political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica to create these personalized ads for users. A subsequent whistle-blowing by an anonymous source, (later revealed to be former Cambridge Analytica employee Christopher Wylie) revealed that personal data of the users had been illegally used, which led to a major data scandal and the liquidation of the company, as well as the eventually testification of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg in front of the United States Congress.

Joe Biden, the Democratic Party nominee for 2020, had not made much use of social media in the past, but used portions of his campaign budget to run advertising on certain platforms, most notably Facebook, where he is estimated to have spent up to $1.6 million on advertising leading up to the California Democratic primary.

With over 23 candidates in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries, attracting and generating social media attention became a central campaign strategy and a significant focus of campaign fundraising, due to the ongoing rise of social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook and Twitter.

With the new centrality of social media to presidential campaigns, staff attention also had to be focused on managing negative viral moments.

In the summer of 2019, the selection process of qualifying for the September 2019 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates and forums, which required candidates to have passes a 2% threshold in 4 national opinion polls, put enormous pressure on the less well-known candidates to generate a "viral moment".

Reddit became an important social media platform in the primaries, with most major candidates having their own 'subreddits', or dedicated community noticeboards. Most of the subreddits were set up by volunteers and supporters, and rapidly grew in size. The largest of these was 'r/SandersForPresident', which accumulated nearly 500,000 followers before Sanders dropped out of the primaries.

During the primaries, candidate Andrew Yang made extensive use of social media, which greatly increased his following. His self-proclaimed voter base the 'Yang Gang' became the subject of many internet memes, particularly on the online message board 4chan.

Similar to his Republican party opponent, Donald Trump, Joe Biden made extensive use of Twitter to broadcast news of his campaign, as well as his opinions on various policies and his proposed changes. Biden used the platform to publicly announce California senator Kamala Harris as his running mate, and also to talk to her publicly.

The Trump campaign made considerable use of social media in the 2016 presidential election, and continued to do so in 2020. Trump used the online platform Twitter to broadcast opinions and news on his campaign to his supporters, and his campaign staff created personalized advertisements for Facebook users. The personal data used to create these ads was obtained illegally, something which led to the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. Trump's re-election campaign has been making use of use of multiple social media platforms as well as targeted ads since mid-2019 in an attempt to gain voters early. On 29 June 2020, Reddit deleted Trump's fans' subreddit, r/The_Donald, for violating its policies repeatedly over its lifetime.

Facebook has been used by political campaigns to get people to sign up for candidate email lists or to give political donations. Additionally, Facebook has been used considerably more than other social media platforms for targeted advertising, as it is considered by many digital specialists as the best platform for direct response. The platform has a very wide demographic range, with significantly higher proportions of elderly people using the site as compared to its competitors.

In December 2019, the Wall Street Journal reported that candidate Senator Bernie Sanders and President Trump were the most active on Facebook, followed by Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren.

Both Biden and Trump have taken to Twitter to express their opinions of issues such as the COVID-19 pandemic, the first impeachment of Donald Trump and the George Floyd protests. Biden does not run his own Twitter account while Trump does.[better source needed] Trump has been criticized for his false and misleading statements, which have repeatedly been flagged by Twitter for violating its policies.

A Pew survey of 3518 twitter users in 2020 shows that the most active 10% generate 92% of the tweets. This highly active group is 69% Democratic and 26% Republican. Furthermore, the high-activity Democrats post twice as many posts per month as high-activity Republicans.

With the constant advancement and innovation of technology, social media has been integrated into many individuals' day-to-day lives and has become an influential strategy as well as tool for many political campaigns. In recent years, specifically 2020, social media use has increased and, as a result, the use of social media in politics has gained traction due to COVID-19 as the structure of many political campaigns leading up to the 2020 presidential election has turned virtual. Additionally, in the beginning stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, quarantine and stay-at-home orders were enforced across the United States as well as the world just as the U.S. Presidential Election was starting to reach the peak of campaigning. This created an increase in traffic on popular social media sites, including Facebook, TikTok, Instagram, and Snapchat, where there are many political ads and content circulating through social media feeds to promote people to vote for the respective candidates. With this increase of traffic on social media sites, there is fake news and misinformation floating around the internet. According to a research conducted by MIT Sloan, “falsehoods are 70% more likely to be retweeted than the truth.

During the period leading up to the 2020 U.S. presidential election, users on social media as well as candidates' campaigns created informational content to share to promote voting, regardless of in-person or mail-in voting. Due to COVID-19, the increase of social media usage goes beyond the human craving to stay connected. Social media influencers have expressed political views and opinions on the upcoming election to encourage followers to vote. Additionally, due to the significant presence of Black Lives Matter movement and the handling of the COVID-19 pandemic by the Trump administration on social media, there is an urgency among eligible voters of all ages to cast a vote. Normally, voting in-person has been the traditional way for the U.S. to account for votes and conduct elections from primary to presidential elections for decades. However, recently, the 2020 U.S. Presidential Election will be mainly mail-in voting due to the new social distancing regulations for safety reasons during the COVID-19 pandemic. There will be some areas across the U.S. that will be hosting in-person voting that accommodate with COVID-19 safety regulations, such as social distancing and mandatory masks. Overall, a majority of states across the United States will be mailing ballots to voters.

  1. Biden, Joe (19 September 2020). "Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg fought for all of us. She was a giant of the Court and unflinching in her pursuit of equal justice under the law. Because of her life's work, we are closer to that more perfect union we've always strived to be". Twitter.
  2. Wang, Amy B (24 June 2019). "Candidates hunt desperately for viral moments". Washington Post. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  3. Romm, Tony (11 July 2019), "Trump accuses social media companies of 'terrible bias' at White House summit decried by critics", Washington Post, retrieved10 July 2020
  4. "Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) on Twitter". Twitter. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  5. Barbaro, Michael (5 October 2016). "Pithy, Mean and Powerful: How Donald Trump Mastered Twitter for 2016". The New York Times.
  6. Wong, Julia Carrie (29 January 2020). "One year inside Trump's monumental Facebook campaign". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  7. Rosenberg, Matthew; Confessore, Nicholas; Cadwalladr, Carole (17 March 2018). "How Trump Consultants Exploited the Facebook Data of Millions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  8. Watson, Chloe (11 April 2018). "The key moments from Mark Zuckerberg's testimony to Congress". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  9. Goldmacher, Shane (8 June 2020). "Biden Pours Millions Into Facebook Ads, Blowing Past Trump's Record". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved11 July 2020.
  10. Dezenski, Lauren (1 August 2019). "How to make money with merch from a viral debate moment". CNN. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  11. Lapowsky, Ian (17 April 2019). "In the 2020 Race, What Is the Value of Social Media Stardom?". Wired. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  12. Schneider, Elana (17 February 2019). "2020 hopefuls hunt for viral moments". Politico. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  13. Rutenberg, Jim (19 May 2019). "Kissing Babies, Loving Scrapple, Fighting Viral Hoaxes: '20 Race's New Routine". New York Times. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  14. Astor, Maggie (1 August 2019). "Only 8 Candidates Have Qualified for the Next Democratic Debate". New York Times. Retrieved5 August 2019.
  15. "r/ElizabethWarren". reddit. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  16. "r/SandersForPresident". reddit. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  17. "r/JoeBiden". reddit. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  18. Ember, Sydney (8 April 2020). "Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  19. Brandom, Russell (9 March 2019). "Presidential candidate Andrew Yang has a meme problem". The Verge. Retrieved7 July 2020.
  20. "Joe Biden announces Kamala Harris as his running mate". Twitter. Retrieved13 August 2020.
  21. "Kamala Harris responding to Joe Biden's tweet". Twitter. Retrieved13 August 2020.
  22. Wong, Julia Carrie (29 January 2020). "One year inside Trump's monumental Facebook campaign". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  23. Bedingfield, Will (2 July 2020). "Reddit has banned r/The_Donald. Who it bans next matters more". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Retrieved2 July 2020.
  24. "• Facebook by the Numbers (2020): Stats, Demographics & Fun Facts". 6 January 2020. Retrieved11 July 2020.
  25. "• Twitter by the Numbers (2020): Stats, Demographics & Fun Facts". 5 January 2020. Retrieved11 July 2020.
  26. "• Instagram by the Numbers (2020): Stats, Demographics & Fun Facts". 26 January 2020. Retrieved11 July 2020.
  27. Glazer, Emily (December 2019). "Presidential Candidates Take to Social Media". The Wall Street Journal.
  28. Biden, Joe. "@JoeBiden". Twitter. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  29. Yglesias, Matthew (29 May 2020). "Twitter flags Trump for "glorifying violence" in "looting starts, shooting starts" tweet". Vox. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  30. Feiner, Lauren (23 June 2020). "Twitter flagged another Trump tweet for violating its policies". CNBC. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  31. "Differences in How Democrats and Republicans Behave on Twitter: A small minority of users create the vast majority of tweets from U.S. adults, and 69% of these highly prolific tweeters are Democrats" Pew Research Center (Oct 15, 2020) online
  32. "Demographics of Social Media Users and Adoption in the United States". Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. Retrieved7 October 2020.
  33. Mervosh, Sarah; Lu, Denise; Swales, Vanessa (31 March 2020). "See Which States and Cities Have Told Residents to Stay at Home". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved7 October 2020.
  34. "MIT Sloan research about social media, misinformation, and elections". MIT Sloan. Retrieved2 December 2020.
  35. "How Black Lives Matter Could Reshape the 2020 Elections". Time. Retrieved7 October 2020.
  36. "Voting & COVID-19 - Vote.org". vote.org. Retrieved7 October 2020.

Social media in the 2020 United States presidential election
Social media in the 2020 United States presidential election Language Watch Edit Social media was used extensively in the 2020 United States presidential election Incumbent president Donald Trump had previously utilized his Twitter account in the past to reach his voters and make announcements both during and after the 2016 election The Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden also made use of social media networks to express his views and opinions on important events such as the Trump administration s response to the COVID 19 pandemic the protests following the murder of George Floyd and the controversial appointment of Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court 1 Similar to the previous presidential election social media helped shape the course of events with candidates often hunting for viral moments These could include certain posts remarks or videos 2 In contrast to the previous election the Facebook Cambridge Analytica data scandal that was exposed after Donald Trump s electoral victory in 2016 led to tighter regulation on the harvesting of personal data for political advertising Additionally many platforms enforced stricter rules on the content that was be posted and also incorporated fact checking software into their applications The software repeatedly flagged Republican candidate Donald Trump s posts which led him to accuse social media companies of bias against his campaign 3 Contents 1 Background 2 Democratic primaries 3 Joe Biden campaign 4 Donald Trump campaign 5 Facebook 6 Twitter 7 COVID 19 8 See also 9 References 10 Further readingBackground EditIn the 2016 presidential election Donald Trump made extensive use of his Twitter account to broadcast his thoughts and opinions during his campaign 4 5 The Trump campaign also utilized targeted advertising on the social media site Facebook by hiring political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica to create these personalized ads for users 6 A subsequent whistle blowing by an anonymous source later revealed to be former Cambridge Analytica employee Christopher Wylie revealed that personal data of the users had been illegally used which led to a major data scandal and the liquidation of the company as well as the eventually testification of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg in front of the United States Congress 7 8 Joe Biden the Democratic Party nominee for 2020 had not made much use of social media in the past but used portions of his campaign budget to run advertising on certain platforms most notably Facebook where he is estimated to have spent up to 1 6 million on advertising leading up to the California Democratic primary 9 Democratic primaries EditWith over 23 candidates in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries attracting and generating social media attention became a central campaign strategy and a significant focus of campaign fundraising due to the ongoing rise of social media platforms such as Instagram Facebook and Twitter 10 11 12 With the new centrality of social media to presidential campaigns staff attention also had to be focused on managing negative viral moments 13 In the summer of 2019 the selection process of qualifying for the September 2019 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates and forums which required candidates to have passes a 2 threshold in 4 national opinion polls put enormous pressure on the less well known candidates to generate a viral moment 14 Reddit became an important social media platform in the primaries with most major candidates having their own subreddits or dedicated community noticeboards Most of the subreddits were set up by volunteers and supporters and rapidly grew in size 15 16 17 The largest of these was r SandersForPresident which accumulated nearly 500 000 followers before Sanders dropped out of the primaries 18 16 During the primaries candidate Andrew Yang made extensive use of social media which greatly increased his following His self proclaimed voter base the Yang Gang became the subject of many internet memes particularly on the online message board 4chan 19 Joe Biden campaign EditSimilar to his Republican party opponent Donald Trump Joe Biden made extensive use of Twitter to broadcast news of his campaign as well as his opinions on various policies and his proposed changes Biden used the platform to publicly announce California senator Kamala Harris as his running mate and also to talk to her publicly 20 21 Donald Trump campaign EditThe Trump campaign made considerable use of social media in the 2016 presidential election and continued to do so in 2020 Trump used the online platform Twitter to broadcast opinions and news on his campaign to his supporters and his campaign staff created personalized advertisements for Facebook users The personal data used to create these ads was obtained illegally something which led to the Facebook Cambridge Analytica data scandal Trump s re election campaign has been making use of use of multiple social media platforms as well as targeted ads since mid 2019 in an attempt to gain voters early 22 On 29 June 2020 Reddit deleted Trump s fans subreddit r The Donald for violating its policies repeatedly over its lifetime 23 Facebook EditFacebook has been used by political campaigns to get people to sign up for candidate email lists or to give political donations Additionally Facebook has been used considerably more than other social media platforms for targeted advertising as it is considered by many digital specialists as the best platform for direct response The platform has a very wide demographic range with significantly higher proportions of elderly people using the site as compared to its competitors 24 25 26 In December 2019 the Wall Street Journal reported that candidate Senator Bernie Sanders and President Trump were the most active on Facebook followed by Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren 27 Twitter EditBoth Biden and Trump have taken to Twitter to express their opinions of issues such as the COVID 19 pandemic the first impeachment of Donald Trump and the George Floyd protests Biden does not run his own Twitter account while Trump does better source needed 28 4 Trump has been criticized for his false and misleading statements which have repeatedly been flagged by Twitter for violating its policies 29 30 A Pew survey of 3518 twitter users in 2020 shows that the most active 10 generate 92 of the tweets This highly active group is 69 Democratic and 26 Republican Furthermore the high activity Democrats post twice as many posts per month as high activity Republicans 31 COVID 19 EditWith the constant advancement and innovation of technology social media has been integrated into many individuals day to day lives and has become an influential strategy as well as tool for many political campaigns In recent years specifically 2020 social media use has increased 32 and as a result the use of social media in politics has gained traction due to COVID 19 as the structure of many political campaigns leading up to the 2020 presidential election has turned virtual Additionally in the beginning stages of the COVID 19 pandemic quarantine and stay at home orders 33 were enforced across the United States as well as the world just as the U S Presidential Election was starting to reach the peak of campaigning This created an increase in traffic on popular social media sites including Facebook TikTok Instagram and Snapchat where there are many political ads and content circulating through social media feeds to promote people to vote for the respective candidates With this increase of traffic on social media sites there is fake news and misinformation floating around the internet According to a research conducted by MIT Sloan falsehoods are 70 more likely to be retweeted than the truth 34 During the period leading up to the 2020 U S presidential election users on social media as well as candidates campaigns created informational content to share to promote voting regardless of in person or mail in voting Due to COVID 19 the increase of social media usage goes beyond the human craving to stay connected Social media influencers have expressed political views and opinions on the upcoming election to encourage followers to vote Additionally due to the significant presence of Black Lives Matter movement and the handling of the COVID 19 pandemic by the Trump administration 35 on social media there is an urgency among eligible voters of all ages to cast a vote Normally voting in person has been the traditional way for the U S to account for votes and conduct elections from primary to presidential elections for decades However recently the 2020 U S Presidential Election will be mainly mail in voting due to the new social distancing regulations for safety reasons during the COVID 19 pandemic There will be some areas across the U S that will be hosting in person voting that accommodate with COVID 19 safety regulations such as social distancing and mandatory masks 36 Overall a majority of states across the United States will be mailing ballots to voters See also EditForeign interference in the 2020 United States elections Social media in the 2016 United States presidential electionReferences Edit Biden Joe 19 September 2020 Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg fought for all of us She was a giant of the Court and unflinching in her pursuit of equal justice under the law Because of her life s work we are closer to that more perfect union we ve always strived to be Twitter Wang Amy B 24 June 2019 Candidates hunt desperately for viral moments Washington Post Retrieved 5 August 2019 Romm Tony 11 July 2019 Trump accuses social media companies of terrible bias at White House summit decried by critics Washington Post retrieved 10 July 2020 a b Donald J Trump realDonaldTrump on Twitter Twitter Archived from the original on 8 January 2021 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Barbaro Michael 5 October 2016 Pithy Mean and Powerful How Donald Trump Mastered Twitter for 2016 The New York Times Wong Julia Carrie 29 January 2020 One year inside Trump s monumental Facebook campaign The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Rosenberg Matthew Confessore Nicholas Cadwalladr Carole 17 March 2018 How Trump Consultants Exploited the Facebook Data of Millions The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Watson Chloe 11 April 2018 The key moments from Mark Zuckerberg s testimony to Congress The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Goldmacher Shane 8 June 2020 Biden Pours Millions Into Facebook Ads Blowing Past Trump s Record The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 11 July 2020 Dezenski Lauren 1 August 2019 How to make money with merch from a viral debate moment CNN Retrieved 5 August 2019 Lapowsky Ian 17 April 2019 In the 2020 Race What Is the Value of Social Media Stardom Wired Retrieved 5 August 2019 Schneider Elana 17 February 2019 2020 hopefuls hunt for viral moments Politico Retrieved 5 August 2019 Rutenberg Jim 19 May 2019 Kissing Babies Loving Scrapple Fighting Viral Hoaxes 20 Race s New Routine New York Times Retrieved 5 August 2019 Astor Maggie 1 August 2019 Only 8 Candidates Have Qualified for the Next Democratic Debate New York Times Retrieved 5 August 2019 r ElizabethWarren reddit Retrieved 2 July 2020 a b r SandersForPresident reddit Retrieved 2 July 2020 r JoeBiden reddit Retrieved 2 July 2020 Ember Sydney 8 April 2020 Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 2 July 2020 Brandom Russell 9 March 2019 Presidential candidate Andrew Yang has a meme problem The Verge Retrieved 7 July 2020 Joe Biden announces Kamala Harris as his running mate Twitter Retrieved 13 August 2020 Kamala Harris responding to Joe Biden s tweet Twitter Retrieved 13 August 2020 Wong Julia Carrie 29 January 2020 One year inside Trump s monumental Facebook campaign The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 2 July 2020 Bedingfield Will 2 July 2020 Reddit has banned r The Donald Who it bans next matters more Wired UK ISSN 1357 0978 Retrieved 2 July 2020 Facebook by the Numbers 2020 Stats Demographics amp Fun Facts 6 January 2020 Retrieved 11 July 2020 Twitter by the Numbers 2020 Stats Demographics amp Fun Facts 5 January 2020 Retrieved 11 July 2020 Instagram by the Numbers 2020 Stats Demographics amp Fun Facts 26 January 2020 Retrieved 11 July 2020 Glazer Emily December 2019 Presidential Candidates Take to Social Media The Wall Street Journal Biden Joe JoeBiden Twitter Retrieved 30 June 2020 Yglesias Matthew 29 May 2020 Twitter flags Trump for glorifying violence in looting starts shooting starts tweet Vox Retrieved 30 June 2020 Feiner Lauren 23 June 2020 Twitter flagged another Trump tweet for violating its policies CNBC Retrieved 30 June 2020 Differences in How Democrats and Republicans Behave on Twitter A small minority of users create the vast majority of tweets from U S adults and 69 of these highly prolific tweeters are Democrats Pew Research Center Oct 15 2020 online Demographics of Social Media Users and Adoption in the United States Pew Research Center Internet Science amp Tech Retrieved 7 October 2020 Mervosh Sarah Lu Denise Swales Vanessa 31 March 2020 See Which States and Cities Have Told Residents to Stay at Home The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 7 October 2020 MIT Sloan research about social media misinformation and elections MIT Sloan Retrieved 2 December 2020 How Black Lives Matter Could Reshape the 2020 Elections Time Retrieved 7 October 2020 Voting amp COVID 19 Vote org vote org Retrieved 7 October 2020 Further reading EditThe Billion Dollar Disinformation Campaign to Reelect the President How new technologies and techniques pioneered by dictators will shape the 2020 election by McKay Coppins TheAtlantic com March 2020 Issue Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Social media in the 2020 United States presidential election amp oldid 1038411035, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.