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Social media use by Donald Trump

Donald Trump's use of social media attracted attention worldwide since he joined Twitter in May 2009. Over nearly twelve years, Trump tweeted around 57,000 times, including about 8,000 times during the 2016 election campaign and over 25,000 times during his presidency. White House said that the tweets should be considered official statements. When Twitter permanently banned Trump from the platform in January 2021 during the final days of his term, his handle @realDonaldTrump had over 88.9 million followers.

For most of Trump's presidency, his account on Twitter, where he often posted controversial and false statements, remained unmoderated in the name of "public interest". Congress performed its own form of moderation: on July 16, 2019, the House of Representatives voted mostly along party lines to censure him for "racist comments" he had tweeted two days previously. In the face of this political censure, his tweets only accelerated. An investigation by The New York Times published November 2, 2019, found that, during his time in office to date, Trump had already retweeted at least 145 accounts that "have pushed conspiracy or fringe content, including more than two dozen that have since been suspended." In 2020, Trump also spread misinformation about the COVID-19 pandemic.

During his 2020 reelection campaign, he falsely suggested that postal voting or electoral fraud may compromise the election, prompting Twitter to either remove such tweets or label them as disputed. After his election loss, Trump persistently undermined the election results in the weeks leading to Joe Biden's inauguration. His tweets played a role in inciting the January 6, 2021, attack of the U.S. Capitol during the formal counting of electoral votes. Though the Senate eventually acquitted Trump during his second impeachment, social media companies swiftly banned him. Facebook and Instagram announced a permanent ban (although, in June 2021, they said they would revisit the ban in January 2023). Twitter permanently suspended his @realDonaldTrump handle, followed by the official account of his campaign (@TeamTrump) and the accounts of allies who posted on his behalf, like Trump campaign digital director Gary Coby. Twitter also deleted three tweets by Trump on the @POTUS handle and barred access to the presidential account until Joe Biden's inauguration. During the first week that Trump was banned on several platforms (January 9–15), election-related misinformation declined 73%, according to research analytics firm Zignal Labs.

In October 2021, it was announced that a new social media app called Truth Social was to be run by Trump Media & Technology Group. The platform was slated to enter limited beta in November 2021 before a full public launch in 2022.

Contents

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

My use of social media is not Presidential – it's MODERN DAY PRESIDENTIAL. Make America Great Again!

July 1, 2017

This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.(June 2021) ()

The emergence of social media has changed the way in which political communication takes place in the United States. Political institutions such as politicians, political parties, foundations, institutions, and political think tanks are all using social media platforms, like Facebook and Twitter, to communicate with and engage voters. Regular individuals, politicians, "pundits" and thought leaders alike are able to voice their opinions, engage with a wide network, and connect with other likeminded individuals. According to Wael Ghonim, social media can reinforce pre-existing beliefs rather than promote new ones. Social media, while a great source of gathering volunteers and money, serves the main purpose of affirming political beliefs and strengthening a political base. Politicians have a platform to communicate with that is different from the mainstream media. Politicians have the ability to raise large amounts of money in relatively short periods of time through social media campaigns. In 2012, President Barack Obama raised over a billion dollars for his campaign, which broke the fundraising record. Around $690 million was raised through online donations including social media, email, and website donations, and more money was raised from small donors than ever before.

The 2008 US presidential election was the first election in which candidates utilized the Internet and social media networking as a communicative tool incorporated into candidates' campaigns. In 2008, President-elect Barack Obama was the first to use the Internet to organize supporters, advertise, and communicate with individuals in a way that had been impossible in previous elections. Obama utilized sites like YouTube to advertise through videos. The videos posted on YouTube by Obama's were viewed for 14.5 million hours. As of 2012[update], more candidates were utilizing a wider array of social media platforms. Politicians were now on social networking sites like Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and other new social media tools and mobile apps. Some of the candidates used social media sites to announce their candidacy. Barack Obama emailed a video to 13 million when he announced his intention to run for re-election, and Mitt Romney sent out a tweet. By May 16, 2011, @BarackObama was followed by 7.4 million people, including twenty-eight world leaders. His account became the third account to reach 10 million followers in September 2011.

Donald Trump's tweet activity from his first tweet in May 2009. His tweet activity pattern has changed from 2013.

From his official declaration of candidacy in 2015, Donald Trump benefited from large numbers of supporters active on social media. Some supporters called themselves "Centipedes" online.

As president, Trump preferred to communicate over social media, announcing policy changes and the dismissals of staff members there. Trump largely bypassed the White House Press Secretary, and his administration ended the daily White House press briefing. Trump preferred "to dictate and dominate the news cycle"; his communications emphasized his political grievances, promoted conspiracy theories, and attacked those he regarded as enemies.

Trump used the retweet feature on Twitter to forward messages he agreed with (often posts praising him), no matter how obscure their authors were. At times, Trump retweeted himself, and sometimes commented "so true" while doing so.

Followers

The @realdonaldtrump handle had amassed 88.7 million followers by the time Twitter suspended it in January 2021 after the 2021 United States Capitol attack.

When Trump announced his presidential campaign in 2015, he had 2.98 million followers; his follower count thereafter increased rapidly. Many of his followers, however, were fake accounts and Twitter bots: a May 2017 analysis concluded that, out of the then-30.9 million followers of Trump's personal Twitter account, 51% were real and 49% were fake. In mid-2018, Twitter conducted a site-wide crackdown on fake accounts, reducing the total number of users of the site by about 6%; as a result, Trump lost about 100,000 of his then-53.4 million followers. Trump repeatedly complained about reductions in the number of followers, claiming that Twitter was biased against him, and raised his complaints in tweets and in a private meeting with Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey. In October 2018, the research group SparkToro estimated that more than 60% of Trump's followers were "bots, spam, inactive or propaganda"—a significantly higher percentage than for followers of other American politician Twitter accounts.

Public opinion

Trump's advisors warned him that his tweets may alienate some of his supporters. In a June 2017 Fox News poll, 70 percent of respondents said Trump's tweets hurt his agenda. In a January 2019 UMass Lowell poll, 68 percent of all respondents aged 18–37 said Trump tweeted too much.

Rate of tweets

In November 2016, shortly after winning the election, Trump said in a 60 Minutes interview that, as president, his use of social media would be "very restrained, if I use it at all." Trump went on to Tweet more than 25,000 times during his presidency; by the first half of 2019, he was tweeting as frequently as he had as a candidate, and he doubled this rate during the second half of 2019 and the first half of 2020. On his most prolific day, June 5, 2020, he tweeted 200 times.

Tweets counted through Trump Twitter Archive.

Date range Tweets Daily average
2009 (May 4 – December 31, 2009) 56 0.2
2010 (January 1 – December 31, 2010) 142 0.4
2011 (January 1 – December 31, 2011) 774 2.1
2012 (January 1 – December 31, 2012) 3,531 9.6
2013 (January 1 – December 31, 2013) 8,138 22.3
2014 (January 1 – December 31, 2014) 5,773 15.8
2015, pre-candidacy (January 1 – June 15, 2015) 3,701 22.3
Candidacy (June 16, 2015 – November 8, 2016) 7,794 15.2
Transition (November 9, 2016 – January 19, 2017) 364 5.1
Presidency, Year 1, first half (January 20 – July 19, 2017) 1,027 5.7
Presidency, Year 1, second half (July 20, 2017 – January 19, 2018) 1,576 8.6
Presidency, Year 2, first half (January 20, 2018 – July 19, 2018) 1,472 8.1
Presidency, Year 2, second half (July 20, 2018 – January 19, 2019) 2,146 11.7
Presidency, Year 3, first half (January 20 – July 19, 2019) 2,814 15.6
Presidency, Year 3, second half (July 20 – January 19, 2020) 5,151 28.1
Presidency, Year 4, first half (January 20 – July 19, 2020) 6,014 33.2
Presidency, Year 4, second half (July 20 – January 8, 2021) 5,993 34.8

In addition to the tweets he put out, he was also the intended recipient of tweets by others. In 2019, Donald Trump was tagged on Twitter at a rate of 1,000 times per minute, according to The New York Times.

Device security

After the inauguration, the White House would not comment on whether Trump was using a secure phone.

Before, he had been using a Samsung Galaxy S3 which only has Android 4.3.1 as its latest OS, a version of Android which Google marked as unsupported and discontinued as of Trump's inauguration. Since then, he has used an iPhone to use Twitter.

The iPhone Twitter app used by Trump in 2018 lacked certain security features, and Politico reported in May 2018 that Trump's phone "has gone as long as five months" without being checked by security experts.

On October 24, 2018, The New York Times reported that Trump was still using his personal iPhones for phone calls, even though his aides and U.S. intelligence officials have warned him that Russian and Chinese spies are listening. Trump responded by tweeting: "I only use Government Phones." The tweet was sent from an iPhone. (In the same tweet, he claimed that he has only one such government phone and that it is "seldom used.")

Trump's @realDonaldTrump Twitter account was breached twice by Dutch hacker Victor Gevers, both times by guessing weak passwords. The first incident took place in 2016, using the guessed password "yourefired". The password was guessed because it had previously been discovered in a 2012 LinkedIn password breach. The second incident took place in October 2020, when his account was breached by guessing the password "maga2020!". Although reports of the second attack were denied by Twitter and the White House, they were later confirmed by Dutch prosecutors in December 2020.

Tweets as official statements

Throughout his presidency, Trump frequently appeared to issue orders through his tweets. Whether these tweets were official directives was unclear. A US National Archives spokesman said that Trump's tweets are considered presidential records.

In 2017, the Department of Justice argued in one court case that Trump's tweets were "official statements of the President of the United States." In another cases, the DOJ argued they were official policy statements but that the tweets were also "personal conduct that is not an exercise of state power." The ABA Journal wrote in 2017, "There's little caselaw on to what extent government use of social media can be considered official or a 'public forum,' which affords First Amendment protection to people who might be excluded based on their viewpoints."

In 2019, the Secretary of the U.S. Navy said he did not interpret a Trump tweet as a "formal order to act" after Trump tweeted that the Navy should not take away Chief Petty Officer Edward Gallagher's status as a Navy SEAL.

In 2020, a court asked that Trump clarify his intention after he tweeted what appeared to be an order calling for the disclosure of documents related to Russian interference in the 2016 election. In a court filing White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said that: "The President indicated to me that his statements on Twitter were not self-executing declassification orders and do not require the declassification or release of any particular documents."

Timeline

In 2009, marketing staffer Peter Costanzo suggested to Trump that he could use social media to draw attention to his book, Think Like a Champion, which was due to be released later that year. He was unable to use the username @DonaldTrump, as it was already being used by a parody account. He and his marketing team decided to use the username @realDonaldTrump. Trump joined Twitter in March 2009 and sent out his first tweet on May 4, 2009, advertising his upcoming appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman, which was due to air a couple of days later.

From 2009 to 2011, tweets posted by the @realDonaldTrump account included the phrase "from Donald Trump" to distinguish them from those written by his staff, but by about June 2011, as Trump's use of the platform increased, those identifying labels disappeared. During the 2016 campaign, some tweets were sent from an Android phone, and others from an iPhone. The Android tweets were more likely to be sent outside of business hours and to take a more combative tone. The iPhone tweets were suspected to be written and sent by members of Trump's staff, a suspicion that was largely confirmed using sentiment analysis; machine learning and natural language processing could still frequently distinguish Trump's tweets from others sent in his name, even when staffers attempted to emulate his writing style.

In 2012, following the victory of Obama in the presidential election, Trump tweeted a chain of disparaging comments about Obama's win. He mocked Obama for playing basketball and blamed the Chinese for creating "the concept of global warming". Trump tweeted the next day, "but we'll have to live with it!" and: "We have to make America great again!" In response, Obama sarcastically quipped on The Tonight Show With Jay Leno: "This all dates back to when [he and Trump] were growing up together in Kenya," referring to the birther conspiracy.

Trump's Twitter activity significantly increased beginning in 2013; he tweeted more frequently and with more politically charged rhetoric.

Twitter was an important tool in Trump's 2016 presidential election campaign, and has been credited as contributing to his victory. Former White House communications director Anthony Scaramucci recalled that Trump: "felt that there was no separation between his brand and the media, that there was an intersection of value for himself personally between his brand and saturating it in the media". Daniel Pfeiffer, Obama's former strategy communications advisor, commented that Trump is: "way better at the internet than anyone else in the GOP which is partly why he is winning". According to The New York Times, other presidential aides have described Trump "as a sophisticated version of a parrot, given his penchant for repeating information almost unfiltered, as soon as he had processed it."

In 2017, Trump was described as "possibly the first 'social media' and 'reality TV' president" in an article by Van Jones on CNN's website in October 2017. Following Trump's inauguration, he gained control of the official U.S. presidential Twitter account (@POTUS), which had been created by Obama. Trump's first tweets as president were made from his personal account, but he has used both accounts. After Joe Biden won the November 2020 presidential election, Twitter said it planned to hand over the @POTUS account to Biden upon his inauguration on January 20, 2021, which has since happened.

Live-tweeting Fox & Friends

Trump frequently watched the Fox News show Fox & Friends and often tweeted reactions to what he has seen on the show. For example, on January 2, 2018, Trump tweeted that his "Nuclear Button" was "much bigger & more powerful" than Kim Jong-un's, following a Fox News segment about Kim's "nuclear button" minutes before. Trump watches several hours of cable news shows each day, using the "Super TiVo" he had installed at the White House. News organizations have compiled lists of Trump tweets directly repeating what he was watching. The result is that stories that Fox concentrates on become nationally important stories by virtue of the fact that they appear in presidential tweets, setting up a feedback loop. During his first year in office, he mentioned the Fox & Friends Twitter account more than any other account.

Insults

In January 2016, a review by The New York Times found that one in every eight posts by Trump on Twitter "was a personal insult of some kind". From the beginning of his term until May 2019, Trump had insulted 598 people (including private citizens), places, and things on Twitter; targets of insults included politicians, journalists, news outlets, television hosts and programs, former staffers and associates, government agencies, business leaders, books critical of him, the State of California and State of New York, and entire countries. The New York Times published an inventory of all of Trump's Twitter insults from 2015 until January 2021.

Trump often gave opponents nicknames such as "Crooked Hillary" and "Lyin' Ted". In 2015, he tweeted against an 18-year-old college student who had challenged him at a New Hampshire political forum, which led to a wave of online harassment against her. In December 2016, as president-elect, he responded to criticism from the president of United Steelworkers Local 1999 in Indiana by tweeting that the local union leader "has done a terrible job representing workers"; the union president received threatening phone calls afterward.

International threats

2017–2019 Qatar diplomatic crisis

United States president Trump with the emir of Qatar Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, May 2017

In 2017, the Qatar diplomatic crisis erupted. An escalation of the Qatar–Saudi Arabia diplomatic conflict, it began when Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt abruptly cut off diplomatic relations with Qatar, alleging that the Qatari government supported terrorists. The severing of relations included withdrawing ambassadors, and imposing trade and travel bans. In a series of tweets, Trump praised the Gulf nations' move against Qatar, took credit for engineering the crisis, and repeatedly criticized Qatar, undermining simultaneous efforts by Trump's Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, U.S. Ambassador to Qatar Dana Shell Smith, and Secretary of Defense James Mattis, all of whom took a neutral stance, called for dialogue and compromise in the interests of regional security, and noted that Qatar hosted the Al Udeid Air Base.

Threat to destroy North Korea

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

The🇺🇸has great strength & patience, but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy #NoKo.

September 19, 2017

In September 2017, Trump posted tweets about North Korea that some saw as violating Twitter's rule against making threats of violence. On September 19, he stated that under certain circumstances, "we will have no choice but to totally destroy #NoKo", and on September 23, "Just heard Foreign Minister of North Korea speak at U.N. If he echoes thoughts of Little Rocket Man, they won't be around much longer!" ("Little Rocket Man" was Trump's nickname for North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.) In response to user concerns, Twitter cited newsworthiness and whether the tweet is of public interest as factors they consider in whether a tweet violates their rules. The company acknowledged that these guidelines are internal, and stated they would update their public-facing rules to reflect them.

Threat to destroy Iran's cultural sites

On January 4, 2020, Trump threatened in a tweet that "if Iran strikes any Americans, or American assets," it could expect that "52 Iranian sites (representing the 52 American hostages taken by Iran many years ago)...important to Iran & the Iranian culture" would be "HIT VERY FAST AND VERY HARD." Deliberately targeting cultural sites would have been a war crime. The next day, he tweeted: "Should Iran strike any U.S. person or target, the United States will quickly & fully strike back, & perhaps in a disproportionate manner."

Sharing of violent, far-right, and extremist content

Trump has been criticized for his practice of retweeting or copying material from social media accounts posting antisemitic, racist, or false information, such as claims exaggerating the number of crimes committed by black people.

During campaign

PolitiFact singled out as particularly obviously false an image retweeted by Trump that claimed that 81% of white murder victims are killed by black people. Politifact noted that, besides being a five-fold exaggeration, the claim was sourced to the non-existent "Crime Statistics Bureau, San Francisco"; it later highlighted this retweet when awarding its 2015 "Lie of the Year" badge to Trump's entire presidential campaign. The fake statistics were first posted by a neo-Nazi Twitter account.

An image posted by Trump on July 2, 2016, called Hillary Clinton the "Most Corrupt Candidate Ever!" and featured a six-pointed star reminiscent of the Jewish Star of David; the image first appeared in a June 15 tweet by "@FishBoneHead1," a Twitter account described by the Associated Press as being known for "anti-Clinton and right-leaning messages and images" and by Mic as promoting "violent, racist memes," before making its way to 8chan's /pol/ on June 22. Trump's social media manager Dan Scavino responded that the image had been sourced by him from a Twitter page "where countless images appear" and that he had assumed that the star referred to a sheriff's badge. Under two hours later, the tweet was deleted from Trump's account in favor of a nearly identical tweet with a circle in place of the star, but Trump later blamed the deletion on his staff, stating: "I would've rather defended it." Jeremy Diamond of CNN observed: "It wasn't the six-pointed star alone that evoked anti-Semitism – it's the combination of the star with a background of money and an accusation of corruption, which suggests stereotypical views of Jews and money and raises conspiracy theories that Jews control political systems." The episode led Dana Schwartz, a Jewish employee of Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, to write an open letter to him in protest, to which he responded.

CNN wrestling video

On July 2, 2017, Trump tweeted a video of himself attacking Vince McMahon during WrestleMania 23 with the CNN logo over McMahon's face. In response, Brian Stelter of CNN issued a statement saying that Trump was "encouraging violence against reporters" and "involved in juvenile behavior far below the dignity of his office". CNN also responded to the tweet by quoting Sarah Huckabee Sanders who claimed the previous week "The president in no way form or fashion has ever promoted or encouraged violence." Homeland Security Advisor Tom Bossert said that "no one would perceive [the tweet] as a threat." Trump subsequently said that CNN took the post too seriously, adding that CNN has "hurt themselves very badly".

The clip appeared on pro-Trump subreddit, /r/The Donald, about four days earlier, and was created by a Reddit account which had previously posted racist, antisemitic and bigoted content. A White House official later denied that the video came from Reddit; the official declined "to respond to questions about where the president obtained the clip." As of December 20, 2017[update], the tweet had been retweeted over 330,000 times, making it Trump's most retweeted post.

Britain First videos

President Trump with Prime Minister Theresa May in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, D.C., January 27, 2017. The May Ministry condemned Trump's Tweets and Britain First.

On November 29, 2017, Trump retweeted three inflammatory and unverified anti-Muslim videos from Britain First, a British far-right and ultranationalist group that has a history of posting misleading videos. One of the videos purported to show an assault by a Muslim immigrant, but the assailant was neither a Muslim nor an immigrant. Another video was filmed in 2013 during the Syrian Civil War, showing a man, who is believed to be an Al-Nusra supporter, destroying a statue of Mary and stating: "No-one but Allah will be worshipped in the land of the Levant." A third video contains footage filmed during a period of violent unrest following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état. The videos had been shared by Britain First deputy leader Jayda Fransen, who was convicted of religiously aggravated harassment in Britain in 2016. Trump's promoting inflammatory content from an extremist group was without precedent among modern American presidents.

Trump's actions were widely condemned both in the U.S. and abroad by politicians, commentators and religious leaders of various faiths and across the political spectrum; also by several civil rights and advocacy groups and organizations. The incident resulted in calls for Trump to be banned from the UK, but his invitation to visit to the United Kingdom was not withdrawn. When asked by PBS NewsHour, 29 Democratic and four Republican senators criticized the tweets. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Theresa May said in a statement, "it is wrong for the president to have done this" and "Britain First seeks to divide communities through their use of hateful narratives which peddle lies and stoke tensions." Then Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson called Britain First a "hateful" organization which does not reflect British values. However, he did abstain from calling out President Trump for sharing the videos.

Trump's sharing of the tweets was praised across far-right circles, increased Islamophobic comment on social media, and elevated the profile of Britain First. In Britain, Fransen and Britain First leader Paul Golding hailed Trump's re-tweets, saying: "Donald Trump himself has retweeted these videos and has around 44 million followers! God Bless You Trump!"

White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders defended Trump's tweets, saying "Whether it's a real video [sic], the threat is real and that is what the president is talking about." On November 30, 2017, Sanders said that Trump's actions "elevate the conversation to talk about a real issue and a real threat, that's extreme violence and extreme terrorism." Trump responded to criticism from May by publicly rebuking her on Twitter, sparking a rare rift between the United Kingdom and the United States. On December 18, almost three weeks after being retweeted by Trump, the accounts of Britain First, Paul Golding and Jayda Fransen were all suspended by Twitter.

In a January 2018 interview with Piers Morgan for Good Morning Britain, Trump said he was not familiar with Britain First when he retweeted them, stating, "If you are telling me they're horrible people, horrible, racist people, I would certainly apologise if you'd like me to do that."

South Africa

In August 2018, Trump tweeted that he had asked Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to "closely study the South Africa land and farm seizures and expropriations and the large scale killing of farmers". The tweet was sent shortly after a segment by Fox News where Tucker Carlson claimed that the "racist government of South Africa" was targeting white-owned farms for land reform due to anti-white racism. In response, South Africa's Minister for International Relations and Cooperation Lindiwe Sisulu claimed that Trump was expressing "right-wing ideology" and also added that the South African government had requested an explanation for the tweet from the US Chargé d'affaires. The US Embassy in South Africa rebuked Trump's tweet, claiming that there is "no evidence that murders on farms specifically target white people or are politically motivated". There are no reliable figures that suggest that white farmers are at greater risk of being killed than the average South African, and the fact-checking organization Afri-Check claims that "whites are less likely to be murdered than any other race group" in South Africa. The talking point is often used by far-right groups as evidence for a white genocide in South Africa. This has been condemned as false by Genocide Watch.

Katie Hopkins

In July and August 2019, Trump retweeted British commentator Katie Hopkins. In one of these tweets, Hopkins praised four right-wing politicians: Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil, Matteo Salvini of Italy, Victor Orban of Hungary and Jarosław Kaczyński of Poland. In that same tweet, Hopkins said that, "god-willing/jihadi-failing," she would be alive to see "Boris Johnson in Number 10," "Trump in the White House," and "Netanyahu building Israel". Another comment that Trump retweeted was Hopkins' attack on London mayor Sadiq Khan in which she blamed him for the city's violent crime rate. Twitter permanently deleted Hopkins' account in June 2020 for violating its "Hateful Conduct" policy.

Allusions to violence in May 2020

Trump made violent allusions in two late-night tweets in May 2020. In one message, Trump retweeted a video in which one of his supporters (Couy Griffin, a county commissioner in New Mexico and founder of "Cowboys for Trump") says, "The only good Democrat is a dead Democrat." Griffin subsequently said that he was speaking of a "political death" rather than a literal death, but then spoke of an uprising if Democrats win the election and suggested executing Democrats. Twenty-five hours later, Trump tweeted, in reference to violence in Minneapolis, "When the looting starts, the shooting starts." This message was subsequently flagged by Twitter as "glorifying violence" (see below).

OANN conspiracy theory

Further information: Buffalo police shoving incident
Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

Buffalo protester shoved by Police could be an ANTIFA provocateur. 75 year old Martin Gugino was pushed away after appearing to scan police communications in order to black out the equipment. @OANN I watched, he fell harder than was pushed. Was aiming scanner. Could be a set up?

June 9, 2020

In a tweet on June 9, 2020, Trump falsely claimed that a 75-year-old George Floyd protester in Buffalo, New York, who was knocked to ground by two police officers, "fell harder than he was pushed," and could be an "antifa provocateur." Trump's tweet referred to a conspiracy theory promoted by the far-right One America News Network channel and Kristian Rouz of OANN, who has also worked for the Russian propaganda outlet Sputnik News. The OANN claim was itself based on an claim on an anonymous right-wing blog. No evidence supports Trump's claims that the man was an "antifa" member, that the incident was a setup, that the man fell "harder than he was pushed," or that the man was attempting to "scan" police devices.

"White power" video clip

On June 28, 2020, Trump retweeted a video showing profane arguments between anti-Trump and pro-Trump protesters in The Villages, Florida, a retirement community. In the video, a pro-Trump protester can twice be heard yelling "white power" at the anti-Trump protesters. In his tweet, Trump thanked the pro-Trump protesters shown in the video, calling them "great people".

The tweet was widely criticized as racist. Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina (the Senate's sole black Republican) called the tweet "indefensible" and asked Trump to delete it. Trump subsequently deleted the post, without condemning the "white power" statement or disavowing his supporter's act. White House Deputy Press Secretary Judd Deere defended Trump, claiming "President Trump is a big fan of The Villages. He did not hear the one statement made on the video. What he did see was tremendous enthusiasm from his many supporters."

Many White House officials claimed to have tried to reach out to Trump while the tweet was still up asking him to delete it, but that they couldn't reach him because he had put his phone down while playing golf at his Virginia golf club.

Election claims and grievances

2016 campaign: Trump Tower wiretapping allegations

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

Terrible! Just found out that Obama had my "wires tapped" in Trump Tower just before the victory. Nothing found. This is McCarthyism!

March 4, 2017

In a succession of tweets on March 4, 2017, Trump stated he had "just found out" that his predecessor Obama had wiretapped the phones in his offices at Trump Tower during the last months of the 2016 election. Trump did not say where he had obtained the information and offered no evidence to support it. Trump compared the alleged intrusion to McCarthyism and Watergate. Anonymous White House officials told The Washington Post that Trump did not appear to coordinate his comments with other White House officials.

Although no evidence supported Trump's claims, the tweets resulted in a week of media attention. Fake news websites also took up the allegations, and one falsely claimed that a warrant for Obama's arrest had been given.

In September, CNN reported that the FBI wiretapped Paul Manafort, Trump's former campaign chairman, in 2016-17, either during or after his tenure with the Trump campaign. It is not known whether any surveillance of Manafort took place at Trump Tower and there is no evidence that Obama requested the wiretap, which was authorized by a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) court warrant.

2016 campaign: Investigation into Russian influence

Trump repeatedly attacked former FBI Director James Comey, whom Trump dismissed from office, via Twitter. Trump has posted a number of angry tweets directed at Robert Mueller, who was appointed as a special prosecutor to investigate Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.

2020 campaign: Suggestion of delaying election

On July 30, 2020, Trump claimed that universal mail-in ballots for the 2020 election will lead to widespread fraud. He then suggested that the election should be "delayed"—something that Trump lacked the power to do. Trump's proposal came with widespread backlash from leaders across the political spectrum, including from Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (who noted that only Congress could change the date of the election) and Senate Republicans who rarely criticized Trump. Later that day, Trump said in a press conference that he does not want to see a delay in the election but repeated his claims about voter fraud.

2020 election: Attempt to overturn results

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realdonaldtrump

The Vice President has the power to reject fraudulently chosen electors.

5 January 2021

On January 5, 2021—the day before Congress convened in joint session to count the electoral votes and formalize Biden's victory in the presidential election—Trump falsely claimed on Twitter that Vice President Mike Pence had the power to toss out "fraudulent" electoral votes.

On January 6, after a violent pro-Trump mob stormed the Capitol and disrupted the counting of electoral votes, Twitter declared that they had indefinitely locked Trump's account for "repeated and severe violations" of the site's Civic Integrity policy. "Locking" meant that Trump could not post new tweets but meanwhile his existing tweets could still be viewed by the public. Twitter Safety said that, if Trump deleted three specific tweets, a 12-hour waiting period would go into effect and then his account would be unlocked. The tweets were immediately deleted. Overnight, while Trump's account was still locked, a message from him was posted to his assistant Dan Scavino's account. In that message, Trump promised "an orderly transition on January 20th" but also emphasized that "I totally disagree with the outcome of the election" and that this moment was "only the beginning of our fight."

Trump would only tweet three more times from his personal account. His next tweet was on January 7 at 7:10 p.m. Eastern; it was a brief video that was widely reported in the news as his concession speech. In the video, he acknowledged that a new administration would be sworn into office and that he would no longer be president. On January 8 at 9:46 a.m. Eastern, he called the people who voted for him "American Patriots," assured they would have a "GIANT VOICE," and affirmed they would not tolerate disrespect. At 10:44 a.m. Eastern, he tweeted "I will not be going to the Inauguration on January 20th." Later that day, Twitter permanently suspended Trump's account, stating that Trump's continued tweeting was "likely to inspire others to replicate the violent acts that took place on January 6, 2021" and that there were "multiple indicators that they are being received and understood as encouragement to do so."

Other controversial tweets

"Covfefe"

Main article: Covfefe
Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

Despite the constant negative press covfefe

May 30, 2017

The COVFEFE Act

On May 31, 2017, Trump sent a tweet that read, in its entirety, "Despite the constant negative press covfefe". It immediately went viral as an Internet meme and a source of jokes. It got over 127,000 retweets and 162,000 likes, making it one of Trump's most popular tweets in months. Six hours later, Trump deleted it and issued a new tweet asking what people thought covfefe might mean. The Independent later speculated that covfefe was a typo for coverage.

Off-camera, at a press briefing later the same day, White House press secretary Sean Spicer explained that "the president and a small group of people know exactly what he meant". No further explanation was given during the briefing. Some reporters said that Spicer did not appear to be joking. Conservative columnist Jonah Goldberg suggested in the National Review that "Spicer feels compelled to protect the myth of Trumpian infallibility at all costs". The Atlantic's Megan Garber felt that Spicer's response further divided the White House from the public by unnecessarily creating a "whiff of conspiracy" around a likely typo. At The Washington Post, Callum Borchers argued that Spicer's response had been deliberately obscure to distract the public from other controversies.

Leonid Bershidsky, writing for Bloomberg View, compared the phenomenon to President Ronald Reagan's joke on a live microphone, "We begin bombing in five minutes." Bill Coffin of Compliance Week compared the two incidents: "In Reagan's case, he immediately admitted the error and squashed it. In Trump's case, he sent a wrong message and then allowed it to sit for hours untended."

About a year later, on May 17, 2018, Trump jokingly said "I hear covfefe" in response to the Yanny or Laurel meme.

Comments on Sadiq Khan

After the 2017 London Bridge attack, Mayor of London Sadiq Khan condemned it and said that "the city remains one of the safest in the world" and there was "no reason to be alarmed" over the increased police presence around the city. The latter comment was taken out of context and criticized by Trump in a tweet: "At least 7 dead and 48 wounded in terror attack and Mayor of London says there is 'no reason to be alarmed!'"

Trump's comments were described as a deliberate misrepresentation of Khan's remarks by Khan's spokesman, as well as by former U.S. vice president Al Gore. Prime Minister Theresa May said that "Sadiq Khan is doing a good job and it is wrong to say anything else". Conservative minister Penny Mordaunt and Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron also backed Khan. Farron said, "Sadiq Khan has shown calm and dignified resolve in the face of these cowardly terrorist attacks. He is more of a statesman than Donald Trump will ever be." Lewis Lukens, the former US ambassador to the UK, and the United States Conference of Mayors declared their support, with Lukens commending Khan's "strong leadership" in leading London forward after the attack and also praising the "extraordinary response" from the law enforcement community. Trump tweeted the following day that the London Mayor was offering a "pathetic excuse" for his statement, and alleging that the mainstream media were "working hard to sell" Khan's explanation. When asked about these comments following a vigil held near Tower Bridge, Khan stated that he was busy dealing with the aftermath of the attack and declared that he has not "got the time to respond to tweets from Donald Trump".

Trump's sons, Donald Trump Jr. and Eric Trump, defended his comments and claimed that Khan, who worked along with the security services and held a vigil for victims of the attack, was not doing enough to combat terrorism. Trump Jr. stated that Khan should stop attacking his father, despite the fact that Khan did not respond to Trump's comments.

Senator John McCain criticized the comments made by Trump, stating that America was "not showing leadership around the world." During the same discussion, McCain also commented that the former president Barack Obama and his administration had offered better leadership. He later partially retracted by stating that only certain "different aspects" were better during Obama's presidency, but still stood by his criticism of Trump's social media views.

Comments on Morning Joe hosts

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

I heard poorly rated @Morning_Joe speaks badly of me (don't watch anymore). Then how come low I.Q. Crazy Mika, along with Psycho Joe, came..

June 29, 2017

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

…to Mar-a-Lago 3 nights in a row around New Year's Eve, and insisted on joining me. She was bleeding badly from a face-lift. I said no!

June 29, 2017

On June 29, 2017, Trump tweeted about Morning Joe hosts Mika Brzezinski and Joe Scarborough, who earlier in the day had talked about Trump on their show. The tweets referred to the hosts as "low I.Q. Crazy Mika, along with Psycho Joe", and claimed that Brzezinski tried to join Trump on New Year's Eve but was declined because she was bleeding from a facelift.

The comments were quickly met with condemnation from both the left and the right. Paul Ryan, Speaker of the House, stated, "Obviously, I don't see that as an appropriate comment." Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives, stated that the tweet "really saddens me because it is so beneath the dignity of the president of the United States to engage in such behavior". Maine Republican Senator Susan Collins tweeted, "This has to stop – we all have a job – 3 branches of gov't and media. We don't have to get along, but we must show respect and civility." Rebukes also came from Oklahoma Republican senator James Lankford, New York Democratic representative Nita Lowey, and Kansas Republican representative Lynn Jenkins.

MSNBC stated, "It's a sad day for America when the president spends his time bullying, lying and spewing petty personal attacks instead of doing his job." Aaron Blake of The Washington Post wrote an article titled "Trump's very bad tweets about Mika Brzezinski are a microcosm of his struggling presidency."

Seemingly in defense of Trump, Melania Trump's spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham released the statement: "As the First Lady has stated publicly in the past, when her husband gets attacked, he will punch back 10 times harder." Sarah Huckabee Sanders stated, "Look, I don't think that the president's ever been someone who gets attacked and doesn't push back. ... This is a president who fights fire with fire and certainly will not be allowed to be bullied by liberal media and the liberal elites in Hollywood or anywhere else."

On July 1, 2017, Trump tweeted "Crazy Joe Scarborough and dumb as a rock Mika are not bad people, but their low rated show is dominated by their NBC bosses. Too bad!"

After these tweets, Trump's approval rating decreased from 40% to 37%, according to a Gallup poll. However, the RealClearPolitics average of polls showed his approval rating remained virtually unchanged in the same time period.

Joe Scarborough smear
Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

When will they open a Cold Case on the Psycho Joe Scarborough matter in Florida. Did he get away with murder? Some people think so. Why did he leave Congress so quietly and quickly? Isn't it obvious? What's happening now? A total nut job!

May 12, 2020

Trump repeatedly used Twitter to smear Scarborough by falsely suggesting that he was involved in the 2001 death of Lori Klausutis, who had been one of Scarborough's congressional aides. Klausutis died in Scarborough's district office in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, after she fainted and hit her head; the medical examiner's autopsy revealed that she had had an undiagnosed heart condition that caused the death, which occurred when Scarborough was in Washington, and there was no evidence of any foul play. In 2017, Trump suggested that Scarborough to be fired "based on the 'unsolved mystery' that took place in Florida years ago" and wrote "Investigate!" In a series of tweets in May 2020, Trump called Scarborough a "psycho" and again suggested that he had murdered Klausutis.

Twitter refused to delete the tweet, despite a request from Timothy Klausutis, Lori's widower, who in May 2020 wrote a letter to Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey (subsequently published by The New York Times), calling upon Twitter to remove Trump's tweets. Klausutis pointed out that "an ordinary user like me would be banished from the platform for such a tweet" and wrote, "These conspiracy theorists, including most recently the President of the United States, continue to spread their bile and misinformation on your platform disparaging the memory of my wife and our marriage. ... the President of the United States has taken something that does not belong to him — the memory of my dead wife — and perverted it for perceived political gain." Trump's promotion of the debunked conspiracy drew rare rebukes from some Republican officials such as Adam Kinzinger, Liz Cheney, and Mitt Romney. as well as some conservative media outlets, including The Wall Street Journal and the Washington Examiner.

Attacks on federal judges, officials, departments and FBI

As president, Trump frequently tweeted personal attacks against federal judges who have ruled against him in court cases. In February 2017, Trump referred to U.S. district judge James Robart, who had enjoined Trump's travel ban from taking effect, as a "so-called judge" and wrote, "If something happens blame him and court system. People pouring in. Bad!" Legal experts expressed concerns that such comments undermined the federal judiciary and could "undermine public confidence in an institution capable checking his power."

In June 2017, Trump criticized his own United States Department of Justice for defending his "watered down, politically correct version" of a travel ban (which Trump signed in March 2017) in court, rather than an initial version of the ban that Trump has signed in January 2017 (and was later declared unconstitutional by federal courts). In January 2018, Trump tweeted that his Justice Department is part of the American "deep state". In March 2018, Trump tweeted that "there was tremendous leaking, lying and corruption at the highest levels of the FBI, Justice & State" Departments. Previously in December 2017, Trump tweeted that the FBI's "reputation" was at its worst ever after years under James Comey.

In June 2017, Trump tweeted that Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein's investigation of Trump (via a special counsel Robert Mueller) was a "witch hunt". In March 2018, Trump reiterated that the "Mueller probe should never have been started" and was a "WITCH HUNT!".

Trump has tweeted disapproval of Attorney General Jeff Sessions on various occasions.

In October 2017, Trump tweeted that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was "wasting his time trying to negotiate with" North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. In March 2018, Trump fired Tillerson via a tweet.

In February 2018, after National Security Advisor H. R. McMaster said there was "incontrovertible" evidence that Russia had interfered in the 2016 election, Trump tweeted that McMaster "forgot to say" that the Russians had colluded with the Democrats and that the Russians had not impacted the election results.

Comments on The Squad

Further information: Go back to where you came from

On July 14, 2019, Trump tweeted that certain Democratic congresswomen—freshmen Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Rashida Tlaib, Ayanna Pressley, and Ilhan Omar, an informal grouping known as "The Squad," all of whom have been critical of Trump—should "go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came" rather than criticize the American government. Trump's tweet was widely described as racist.

Ocasio-Cortez, Tlaib, and Pressley are all native-born citizens of the United States, and Omar has been a naturalized citizen since 2000. Trump's "go back" Tweet was an example of false attribution of foreignness. House speaker Nancy Pelosi described Trump's tweets as xenophobic. Several Republican senators and representatives condemned Trump's tweets as xenophobic and not representative of the party's values and requested that he disavow them. Two days after Trump's tweet, the House of Representatives voted 240–187 to condemn Trump's "racist comments"; all Democrats voted to pass the resolution of condemnation, but only 4 of the 197 House Republicans joined them. Many white nationalists/white supremacists praised Trump's tweet. Commentators pointed out that during the campaign, Trump had criticized America in far stronger terms than those now used by Squad members. Trump's remarks were condemned by many world leaders including Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau (who said that the comments were "hurtful, wrong and completely unacceptable"), German Chancellor Angela Merkel (who expressed "solidarity with the attacked women"), and president of the European Council Donald Tusk ("sometimes if you feel that something is totally unacceptable you have to react despite business, despite interests").

Trump denied that his tweets were racist and did not apologize for his remarks, saying at a White House press conference, "If somebody has a problem with our country, if someone doesn't want to be in our country, they should leave."

In August 2019, Trump tweeted that Omar and Tlaib resolutely "hate Israel & all Jewish people", and that Israel permitting them to visit the country would "show great weakness". Less than two hours later, Israel blocked the entry of Omar and Tlaib, which was a reversal from statements made in July 2019 by Israeli Ambassador to the United States Ron Dermer. Spokesmen for Israeli ministers did not cite Trump as contributing to the blockage. Trump applauded Israel's decision while continuing his criticism of Omar and Tlaib; he described them as "the face of the Democrat Party, and they HATE Israel".

Retweeting Jeffrey Epstein conspiracy theory

In August 2019, after the death of Jeffrey Epstein, Trump retweeted a video from right-wing comedian Terrence K. Williams that baselessly accused the Clintons of murdering Epstein. Trump's promotion of false conspiracy theories was condemned; U.S. Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey, then a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, warned that Trump's "whipping people into anger" could lead to violence. Trump defended the retweet, calling Williams "a highly respected conservative pundit" and then repeated his suggestion that the Clintons might have murdered Epstein.

"Liberate" tweets

During the COVID-19 pandemic, several people protested the lockdowns and demanded that states be reopened. On April 17, President Trump tweeted calling for the "liberation" of Michigan, Minnesota, and Virginia in all caps. The tweets were widely criticized and Liberate America soon trended on Twitter after Trump's remarks.

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

LIBERATE MICHIGAN!

April 17, 2020

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

LIBERATE MINNESOTA!

April 17, 2020

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

LIBERATE VIRGINIA, and save your great 2nd Amendment. It is under siege!

April 17, 2020

Retweeting unlicensed Linkin Park song

In July 2020, Linkin Park issued a cease and desist letter to Donald Trump for retweeting a campaign video that featured an unlicensed song. Twitter soon disabled the video.

Calling Trending on Twitter section illegal

On July 27, 2020, President Trump criticized the Twitter Trending section for spreading trends that negatively portrayed him, calling it "really ridiculous, illegal, and, of course, very unfair!" Many Twitter users condemned this tweet, claiming that users were simply exercising First Amendment rights. In response to the tweet, "#TrumpleThinSkin" and "#ThePresidentIsACrybaby" became trending hashtags in the United States.

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

So disgusting to watch Twitter's so-called "Trending", where sooo many trends are about me, and never a good one. They look for anything they can find, make it as bad as possible, and blow it up, trying to make it trend. Really ridiculous, illegal, and, of course, very unfair!

July 27, 2020

Tweets on illegal immigrants

In an effort to press his campaign for the border wall between the U.S. and Mexico, Trump repeatedly posted tweets seeking "to paint a portrait of widespread criminal conduct by undocumented immigrants." His tweets on illegal immigration contained nonsensical and exaggerated figures, and lacked significant context. For example, in January 2019, Trump complained that "the cost of illegal immigration" for the four weeks of the year "is $18,959,495,168" and that the "at least 25,772,342 illegal aliens" were in the U.S.; neither claim was accurate, and the administration did not respond to requests to explain these figures. In other tweets, Trump exaggerated the percentage of federal prison immates who were unauthorized immigrants and the number of the illegal border-crossings (which had been declining for almost 20 years by the time Trump took office). Trump also seized upon high-profile crimes committed by illegal immigrants, such as Wilbur Ernesto Martinez-Guzman, Gustavo Arriaga Perez, and Cristhian Bahena Rivera.

Tweets about the American suburbs

On July 23, 2020, Trump tweeted that the "suburban housewives of America" must read an article from the New York Post, claiming that his Democratic rival Joe Biden would "destroy your neighborhood and the American dream" if elected.

Also in July 2020, the Trump administration had made changes to the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing implemented by the Obama administration. This act mandated local communities to fix any prejudices regarding building low-income housing before receiving federal funds. Trump tweeted that "people living their Suburban Lifestyle Dream" would "no longer be bothered" by low-income housing being built in their communities.

Spread of COVID-19 misinformation

On October 5, 2020, Trump tweeted that he would be leaving Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 3 days after being admitted after testing positive for COVID-19, writing "Don't be afraid of Covid. Don't let it dominate your life. We have developed, under the Trump Administration, some really great drugs & knowledge. I feel better than I did 20 years ago!" Trump's tweet undermined public health messaging and encouraged followers to disregard recommendations to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Scientific, medical, public health, and ethical experts, pandemic survivors, and the families those killed by COVID-19 expressed horror and dismay at Trump's attempt to downplay the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, which at the time of Trump's tweet had killed at least 210,000 Americans.

In Twitter and Facebook posts early the next morning, Trump falsely claimed that seasonal flu was more lethal than COVID-19; Twitter placed a warning message over the tweet, while Facebook deleted in entirely, based on the sites' policies against the spread of COVID-19 misinformation. Several hours later, Trump reacted by tweeting: "REPEAL SECTION 230!!!"—a reference to Section 230, the section of U.S. law that immunizes technology companies from liability for moderation decisions.

Tweets during first impeachment

Trump made several controversial tweets during his impeachment inquiry, first impeachment by the House (December 2019), and first Senate trial and acquittal (February 2020).

"Civil War" tweet

In a late September 2019 tweet, Trump controversially quoted Texas pastor Robert Jeffress, who stated that if Trump was removed from office, it would cause a "Civil War like fracture, from which this country would never heal". His comments were criticized by Senator Kamala Harris (Democrat of California), who urged Twitter to suspend Trump's account, and Representative Adam Kinzinger (Republican of Illinois), who called it "beyond repugnant." Harvard Law School professor John Coates argued that "a sitting president threatening civil war if Congress exercises its constitutionally authorized power" constituted an independent ground for impeachment. Mary B. McCord of Georgetown University Law School, a former Justice Department national security official, said that armed militia-movement groups were likely to take Trump's "civil war" tweets seriously. #CivilWar2 trended on Twitter soon after Trump's tweet.

Threats against Representative Adam Schiff and whistleblower

Trump repeatedly used Twitter to attack and threaten U.S. Representative Adam Schiff, the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, who led the investigation into the Trump–Ukraine scandal and served as the lead House impeachment manager during Trump's Senate trial. In a September 30, 2019 tweet, Trump suggested that Schiff be arrested for treason. In a January 26, 2020 tweet, during his Senate trial, Trump called Schiff "a CORRUPT POLITICIAN, and probably a very sick man" who "has not paid the price, yet, for what he has done to our Country!" When asked about the apparent veiled threat on Meet the Press, Schiff said he believed that Trump intended to threaten him and said that Trump was a "wrathful and vindictive president" who "wants to at least give the suggestion that the retribution should be of a kind other than at the ballot box."

Trump also repeatedly used Twitter to attack and threaten the whistleblower who submitted a report to the Intelligence Community inspector general about Trump's conduct; Trump also used Twitter to spread conspiracy theories about the whistleblower. In December 2019, Trump retweeted a link to an unconfirmed Washington Examiner story that purported to identify the whistleblower, although whistle-blowers' identifies are protected by federal law. Trump was criticized for this.

Lynching tweet

In late October 2019, Trump tweeted that the impeachment inquiry against him was "a lynching" and that he lacked "due process or fairness or any legal rights." The tweet, and especially its racially charged language, drew widespread backlash, with Democrats condemning the remarks and some Republicans issuing mild criticism. (House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy called it "not the language I would use" and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell called it an "unfortunate choice of words.") Some Republicans supported Trump's comparison to a "lynching" or defended his comments, such as Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Congressman Jim Jordan of Ohio.

Blocking of Twitter users

The @realDonaldTrump account has blocked an unknown number of Twitter accounts from viewing his Twitter feed, including individuals such as Rosie O'Donnell, Anne Rice, Chrissy Teigen, Stephen King, Bess Kalb, Andy Signore, Angelo Carusone, Laura Packard and Daniel Dale, and organizations such as VoteVets.org.

In July 2017, a lawsuit was brought by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs were seven Twitter users – Philip N. Cohen, Eugene Gu, Holly Figueroa O'Reilly, Nicholas Pappas, Joseph M. Papp, Rebecca Buckwalter-Poza, and Brandon Neely – whose accounts had been blocked by Trump's personal Twitter account, alleging that the @realDonaldTrump account constitutes a public forum. The lawsuit argued that blocking access to the @realDonaldTrump account is a violation of constitutional rights and a violation of the plaintiff's First Amendment rights. The lawsuit also named as defendants White House press secretary Sean Spicer and social media director Dan Scavino.

In 2018, Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald ruled that the plaintiffs "were indisputably blocked as a result of viewpoint discrimination"; that elements of @realDonaldTrump constitute a public forum; and that viewpoint discrimination in those elements that are public forums violated the First Amendment. After this ruling, the 7 Twitter users that were a part of the lawsuit were unblocked. In August, the Knight First Amendment Institute sent a letter to the U.S. Justice Department requesting that the President comply with the Judge's ruling and unblock a list of 41 additional Twitter users, including Danny Zuker, MoveOn activist Jordan Uhl, health care activist Laura Packard, and journalists like Alex Kotch and Jules Suzdaltsev. Those users were then unblocked by @realDonaldTrump.

In 2019, the Second Circuit upheld Buchwald's ruling, stating that because Trump has conducted official government business over Twitter, he cannot block Americans from the account based on viewpoint.

In July 2020, The Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University sued Donald Trump again, on behalf of users that were blocked before Trump's inauguration, or who were not able to identify which tweet prompted Trump to block them.

Trump petitioned the Supreme Court in August 2020 to hear his appeal of the Second Circuit's decision to uphold Judge Buchwald's opinion. Trump's petition requested the Supreme Court to answer the question "Whether the First Amendment deprives a government official of his right to control his personal Twitter account by blocking third-party accounts if he uses that personal account in part to announce official actions and policies." Post-election, this case is still pending before the Supreme Court.

Effects on litigation

Trump's statements in tweets have been cited in court challenges against his actions as president; his Twitter posts on Muslims have been significant in legal challenges to Executive Order 13769 (which Trump has called a "travel ban"), as courts have considered Trump's statements in their assessments of the motivations and purpose of the order. In 2017, Trump's tweets were cited by both the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which upheld rulings blocking Trump's executive order as unconstitutional. In its opinion, the Fourth Circuit cited the "backdrop of public statements by the President and his advisers and representatives" as evidence that the order "drips with religious intolerance, animus, and discrimination"; the Ninth Circuit wrote that "throughout these judicial proceedings, the president has continued to make generalized, often inflammatory, statements about the Muslim faith and its adherents," including through Tweets. Peter J. Spiro, a legal scholar at Temple University, noted that Trump's November 2017 tweets of anti-Muslim videos would almost certainly be cited by challengers to Trump's third version of a travel ban as evidence that the orders were unconstitutionally motivated by anti-Muslim animus.

Trump's tweets were also cited by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia in its ruling in Jane Doe v. Trump issuing a preliminary injunction blocking Trump's ban on service by transgender people in the military from going into effect. The court determined that Trump's sudden policy announcement on Twitter comment undermined his claim that the ban was motivated by genuine concern for military efficiency. The court wrote:

"[Trump] abruptly announced, via Twitter – without any of the formality or deliberative processes that generally accompany the development and announcement of major policy changes that will gravely affect the lives of many Americans – that all transgender individuals would be precluded from participating in the military in any capacity. These circumstances provide additional support for Plaintiffs' claim that the decision to exclude transgender individuals was not driven by genuine concerns regarding military efficacy."

Effects on the stock market

On December 22, 2016, Trump posted: 'Based on the tremendous cost and cost overruns of the Lockheed Martin F-35, I have asked Boeing to price-out a comparable F-18 Super Hornet!' After this post, the stocks of Lockheed Martin dropped significantly and the stock price of Boeing increased slightly.[citation needed] Another example is the on August 17, 2017 post on Amazon: 'Amazon is doing great damage to tax paying retailers. Towns, cities and states throughout the U.S. are being hurt – many jobs being lost!' Afterwards, the market capitalization of Amazon declined by $6 billion. However, there are also contrary examples: The New York Times stock remained stable or even rose when Trump posted about 'failing The New York Times.'

On August 19, 2020, President Trump called for a boycott for Goodyear Tires on Twitter after an image of a Goodyear employee training leaked displaying a slide showing that "Black Lives Matter" and LGBT gear are allowed to be worn, however, "Blue Lives Matter," and "MAGA" gear are not allowed to be worn. Goodyear stock fell 6% shortly after the tweet. In addition, stocks from several of Goodyear's rivals, such as Bridgestone, gained value. Goodyear later released a statement stating that the Goodyear corporation did not create the slide and asked all employees to remain apolitical.

Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

Don't buy GOODYEAR TIRES – They announced a BAN ON MAGA HATS. Get better tires for far less! (This is what the Radical Left Democrats do. Two can play the same game, and we have to start playing it now!).

August 19, 2020

Deletion of tweets

While the National Archives and Records Administration has recommended archiving all social media postings to comply with the Presidential Records Act, the Trump administration has deleted multiple public posts. In June 2017, the watchdog group CREW and the National Security Archive filed suit against Trump, contending that deletion of tweets is the destruction of presidential records in violation of the Presidential Records Act of 1981.

Following Alabama senator Luther Strange's loss to Justice Roy Moore in the September 2017 primary for the Senate special election, Trump deleted at least two tweets previously posted in support of Strange. In November 2017, following criticism from the office of the British Prime Minister regarding Trump's retweeting of several videos from far-right British nationalist group Britain First (see § Britain First videos), Trump tweeted at Twitter user @theresamay, while presumably intending to target @theresa_may; Trump later deleted the original tweet, and sent a new tweet targeting @theresa_may with the same content.

Caution on tweets

Under its "civic integrity" policy created in 2018 and expanded in May 2020, Twitter scrutinizes statements that may affect participation in democracy. Twitter has invited certain nonprofits to flag problematic tweets in this subject area. Twitter also announced on May 11 that it would begin to flag "misleading information." In November 2020, Twitter clarified that, while it may choose to merely flag the offensive tweets of "current world leaders and candidates for office," when those people leave office and become "private citizens" again, they will be treated like everyone else and their accounts can be suspended.

"Get the facts about mail-in ballots"

Twitter placed a fact-check advisory on Trump's tweets for the first time on May 26, 2020. That morning, in two tweets, Trump alleged that mail-in ballots would be "substantially fraudulent," resulting in a "Rigged Election." Hours later, Twitter placed an exclamation-point icon on each of these tweets with the text "Get the facts about mail-in ballots," linking to a page that said that Trump's allegations of fraud were "unsubstantiated". This type of fact-checking moderation had been introduced earlier in response to misinformation spread during the COVID-19 pandemic to help Twitter users get correct information, and was the first time Twitter staff opted to use it on Trump's tweets.

In response, on May 28, Trump signed an executive order challenging the liability protections currently given to social media platforms. Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, sometimes referred to as "the 26 words that created the internet," treats social media companies as "platforms" rather than "publishers" and thereby reduces their responsibility for what their users say. Trump sought to increase the legal responsibility of social media companies for what their users say, thereby exposing them to lawsuits. Experts challenged the legality of many sections of the executive order as running afoul of the First Amendment, as well as making demands of independent agencies of the United States government that are statutorily outside presidential control.

"Glorifying violence"

Twitter marked this tweet with a "public interest notice", deeming it as "glorifying violence".
Donald J. Trump Twitter
@realDonaldTrump

Replying to @realDonaldTrump

....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won't let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!

May 29, 2020

Protests broke out in Minneapolis and throughout the United States after the May 25 murder of George Floyd, an African-American man, by Derek Chauvin, a white Minneapolis police officer. Trump, in both Twitter and Facebook posts in the late evening on May 28, said he had talked to Minnesota governor Tim Walz about bringing the National Guard to help secure the city. He said the government was prepared to "assume control." "When the looting starts, the shooting starts," Trump warned, using a phrase made infamous by Miami Police Chief Walter E. Headley in 1967 that was believed to have inflamed violence in that city. Twitter decided to mark the tweet with a "public interest notice" deeming it as "glorifying violence"; they acknowledged they could have removed the tweet entirely but maintained that "it is important that the public still be able to see the Tweet given its relevance to ongoing matters of public importance." Facebook opted to take no action about the equivalent post made on its platform; CEO Mark Zuckerberg said that this message and similar ones did not violate Facebook's acceptable use policies. Journalists and civil rights leaders criticized the company's standards, and Facebook employees staged a virtual walkout on June 1 to demand that management deal with Trump's posts.

Several days later the White House Twitter account posted a series of videos falsely accusing antifa groups of placing bricks on sidewalks in order to instigate violence during the protests, including one which falsely suggested a barrier situated outside a synagogue in Sherman Oaks, California to prevent anti-Semitic attacks had been placed on the street by terrorists. Trump also used Twitter to share a letter by his former legal advisor John M. Dowd, which described peaceful protesters in Washington, D.C. as "terrorists".

A tweet posted by Trump's reelection campaign on June 5, 2020 (as well as posted to other social media sites) in the wake of the Floyd protests had included a video with several segments of Trump speaking about Floyd's murder, along with several other images. Twitter was forced to remove the video after it had received a Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) takedown request for one of the images used in the video though it was unclear to journalists which image this was. Trump called out the action as "illegal" in a following tweet but Jack Dorsey of Twitter reiterated that they had to follow the law of the DMCA in removing the video.

"Manipulated media"

On June 18, 2020, Trump tweeted a satirical video with the CNN logo and the chyron caption "Terrified todler [sic] runs from racist baby; racist baby probably a Trump voter." The implication was that news organizations unfairly malign white people and conservatives. CNN had never run that caption. Twitter applied a fact-check advisory with the words "manipulated media."

"Abusive behavior"

On June 23, 2020, Trump tweeted that protesters "will be met with serious force." Twitter applied a warning that the comment "violated the Twitter Rules about abusive behavior."

"Misleading health claims"

On August 23, 2020, Trump tweeted that "Mail Drop Boxes...are not Covid sanitized." He claimed that the Democratic Party was "using" mailboxes despite alleged "voter security" and "fraud" problems with postal voting; he claimed that voting by mail enables "a person to vote multiple times," and he questioned "who controls" mailboxes. Twitter applied a warning that the comment violated "our Civic Integrity Policy for making misleading health claims that could potentially dissuade people from participation in voting."

"Misleading about an election"

Twitter applied a warning to over a third of Trump's tweets made between Election Night 2020 (November 3) and his rival Joe Biden's victory speech (November 7), stating: "some or all of the content shared in this Tweet is disputed and might be misleading about an election or other civic process." Twitter then said it would no longer use this election-specific flag given that the election had already been decided.

Suspensions and deactivations

2017

Trump's personal Twitter account was deactivated for eleven minutes on November 2, 2017. The official @POTUS account remained online during the period that the personal account was taken offline. The Twitter employee who deactivated the account was Bahtiyar Duysak, who deactivated the account on his last day of work before returning to his home country of Germany. In a tweet the next day, Trump referred to him as a "rogue employee." Twitter responded by adding protection to Trump's account.

2021

On January 6, 2021, shortly after Trump uploaded a video message in which he repeated the false claims that the presidential election had been stolen, the video was removed by Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube for violating site policies on "civil integrity" and election misinformation. Facebook executive Guy Rosen said the video was removed because "it contributes to rather than diminishes the risk of ongoing violence." Twitter locked Trump's account for twelve hours and threatened a permanent suspension for "repeated and severe violations of our Civic Integrity policy." Twitter also required him to remove three of his tweets. He was warned his account would be terminated if he continued to make posts they deemed as inciting violence, or spread conspiracy theories about election integrity (false claims which were said to be fuelling the violence). His account was unlocked, and he tweeted three more times from it. Snapchat indefinitely suspended Trump's account on the platform the same day, while Shopify terminated shops that sold Trump campaign paraphernalia and merchandise from his personal TrumpStore brand.

The following day, Facebook and its platforms, including Instagram, announced they had banned Trump indefinitely, at least until the end of his presidential term. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote, "The shocking events of the last 24 hours clearly demonstrate that President Donald Trump intends to use his remaining time in office to undermine the peaceful and lawful transition of power to his elected successor." On January 7, Twitch announced it had disabled Trump's channel on the platform. TikTok announced it would restrict videos of the Capitol attack and Trump's January6 address, other than those providing factual information, criticism or journalistic value. Pinterest began limiting hashtags related to pro-Trump topics such as #StopTheSteal since around the November election.

On January 12, YouTube announced that it had temporarily banned Trump's channel for seven days, restricting it from uploading any new videos or live-streams. YouTube said the decision came after the president violated the platform's policies by posting content that incited violence. All the previous content on the channel was removed. YouTube also said that the ban could be extended.

A Zignal Labs analysis determined that in the week after several social media sites (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Twitch, Spotify, Shopify, and others) suspended Trump's and key allies' accounts, online misinformation about election fraud plunged 73 percent, dropping from 2.5 million mentions to 688,000 mentions.

Reactions to Trump's suspension

Civil rights groups said that Trump's Twitter and Facebook bans were "long overdue" and that social media companies had excessively delayed in taking steps to counter political violence. The co-CEO of the civil rights and advocacy group Free Press said the bans were "a day late and a dollar short" but welcomed the move. Many Democratic officials welcomed the ban. Yaël Eisenstat, a former CIA officer who previously worked on election policy at Facebook, said: "I'm not going to applaud the move now when it is politically the most obvious, easy and – let's be frank – good business decision. Inciting your followers to engage in insurrection is a high form of treason and allowing your platform to be used for that purpose makes you complicit." The ban was also criticised by many US officials supportive of Trump, with Republican senator Ted Cruz stating the ban was "absurd and profoundly dangerous", and former United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley likening the ban to political censorship in China.

A survey of Americans taken after the Capitol attack and Twitter's permanent suspension of Trump's account showed that 61% agreed with the decision to ban Trump, while 39% were opposed. Support was sharply split by party: 80% of Democrats, 59% of independents, and 36% of Republicans supported the ban. Of those surveyed, 58% agreed with the statement "President Trump's actions this week were dangerous and removing him from Twitter was the correct thing to do", while 42% agreed with the statement "I am concerned that Twitter permanently suspending President Trump sets a dangerous precedent with technology companies censoring free speech and government officials."

Some foreign leaders criticized Twitter's ban of Trump. A spokesman for German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Twitter was correct to flag false statements in Trump's posts, but that she viewed the permanent suspension as "problematic" due to her view that restrictions on the "right to freedom of opinion" should be decided by governments rather than private companies. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador blasted the decision to ban Trump, saying that he favored prohibiting private companies from banning government officials and had directed officials to explore the possibility of creating a Mexican state-run social network; López Obrador compared such action by websites to the "Spanish Inquisition" while Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said that Poland's conservative government planned to introduce a bill to limit how social media companies could moderate content. However, Margrethe Vestager, the Executive Vice President of the European Commission for A Europe Fit for the Digital Age, suggested that the bans were justifiable, saying: "This is, of course, the most extreme of extreme situations, that the president of the United States is inciting people to go toward Congress. So I completely accept that this is an extreme situation, and lines have been crossed."

According to the South China Morning Post, Chinese state media commentators and academics have also criticized Trump being banned from social media platforms, calling the bans "a cautionary tale of social media platforms wielding too much power" and have also claimed "that the ban hypocritically goes against US advocacy of free speech."

Satire and memes

In June 2017, the satirical news program The Daily Show and its network, Comedy Central, set up a temporary museum space on West 57th Street, next to Trump Tower in Manhattan, that was dedicated to Trump's tweets.

In January 2019, Trump served hamburgers from McDonald's to the Clemson Tigers champion football team due to the White House's catering staff being furloughed during the federal government shutdown of 2018–2019. His misspelling on Twitter of hamburger as "hamberder" was ridiculed on the internet. It soon became a meme as well, and was parodied on Saturday Night Live with Trump (played by Alec Baldwin) competing for "hamberders" on the Deal or No Deal game show.

Archival

In June 2017, Democratic U.S. Representative Mike Quigley filed legislation in the United States House of Representatives, titled the Communications Over Various Feeds Electronically for Engagement (COVFEFE) Act (H.R. 2883), to Presidential Records Act to cover social media, thus requiring tweets and other social media posts by the U.S. president to be preserved under law and stored by the National Archives. The bill did not advance in committee and died at the end of the 115th Congress.

Reactions and analysis

Some commentators view Trump's tweets as having either the purpose or effect of distracting from issues. Such tweets are sometimes described as "shiny objects" intended to divert attention from other news. Dan Mahaffee of the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress opined that Trump's tweets distracted from pressing national issues, writing that to dismiss Trump's tweets "as intemperate outbursts or merely stream-of-consciousness responses to current events would thus greatly underestimate their impact and reach" and opining that Trump's tweets elevated "the trivial at the expense of the consequential." Financial Times columnist Courtney Weaver viewed Trump's Twitter attacks against NFL players kneeling during the national anthem as "weapons of mass distraction" that diverted attention from the humanitarian crisis in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria, and wrote that "The more time that is spent discussing the president's latest stand-off with the NFL, the less time is spent discussing the Republicans' latest failed efforts to repeal and replace Obamacare, and other administration shortcomings." Analyst Philip Bump of The Washington Post views Trump's Tweets as attempts to distract in times of unfavorable news related to the investigation by special counsel Robert S. Mueller III.

A 2020 study published in Nature Communications assessed Trump's tweets in the context of agenda-setting theory, analyzing the hypothesis that Trump uses tweets strategically to divert the attention of the media and the public from issues and topics he considers to be potentially threatening or harmful to him. The research found that increased media coverage of Russian interference in the 2016 election and the Mueller investigation was "immediately followed by Trump tweeting increasingly about unrelated issues" which led to "a reduction in coverage of the Mueller investigation"; this provides support for the diversionary hypothesis. The research found that this pattern was "absent in placebo analyses involving Brexit coverage and several other topics that do not present a political risk to the president" and that the finding was "robust to the inclusion of numerous control variables and examination of several alternative explanations, although the generality of the successful diversion must be established by further investigation."

Essayist Frank Rich of New York magazine argued in 2017 that Trump's tweets are not purely distractions, but rather (1) are frequently news in themselves; (2) indicate a heightened instability within the Trump administration; and (3) are not aimed at news consumers, but rather "are intended to rally his base" of supporters.

In a February 2021 analysis, Michael Humphrey, a journalism and communications professor at Colorado State University, wrote that Trump's tweets were characterized by an emphasis on storytelling and "re-scripting" the world, and were based on five themes: "The true version of the United States is beset with invaders"; "Real Americans can see this"; "I (Trump) am uniquely qualified to stop this invasion"; "The establishment and its agents are hindering me"; and "The U.S. is in mortal danger because of this." Because these elements were flexible, "the establishment" and "the invaders" could be anyone. Trump's tweets were also marked by contradiction: for example, he depicted China variously as a partner and then a foe.

SuspendThePres

SuspendThePres, also known as Will They Suspend Me?, is a Twitter account created by Bizzare Lazar. The account re-posted every tweet by Donald Trump. The account was suspended and flagged multiple times. There is also a SuspendThePres account on Facebook. The Twitter account was created back in 2015, but only started posting on May 29, 2020. The Facebook account was created on June 4. Less than three days after the Twitter account started, it was suspended for 12 hours. The account was suspended a second time for another 12 hours. One of the posts on the Facebook account was censored, but later restored.

Permanent suspension

Twitter Safety Twitter
@TwitterSafety

After close review of recent Tweets from the @realDonaldTrump account and the context around them we have permanently suspended the account due to the risk of further incitement of violence.

January 8, 2021

Twitter indefinitely banned Trump from Twitter on January 8, 2021 at 6:21 p.m. EST. According to Twitter, Trump was suspended "due to the risk of further incitement of violence" from his tweets, writing that specific tweets by Trump that "are likely to inspire others to replicate the violent acts that took place on January 6, 2021, and that there are multiple indicators that they are being received and understood as encouragement to do so." The company also noted that "Plans for future armed protests have already begun proliferating on and off-Twitter, including a proposed secondary attack on the US Capitol and state capitol buildings on January 17, 2021." Twitter's decision came after his account had been locked for 12-hour intervals twice and after he had had three of his tweets removed during the 2021 United States Capitol attack. The suspension caused Trump to lose over 88 million followers. In his final tweet before the permanent ban, Trump announced that he would not attend the inauguration of Joe Biden on January 20, 2021.

Twitter said it would not ban government accounts like @POTUS or @WhiteHouse, but would "take action to limit their use"; the company said that sock puppet accounts created for Trump in an attempt to evade the ban would be permanently suspended "at first detection." Trump attempted to circumvent the ban by using the @POTUS account, on January 8, but the posts were deleted within minutes of them. Trump also tried to circumvent the suspension by posting a statement on his official campaign Twitter account @TeamTrump, in which he complained about Twitter's suspension and accused the social media platform, without evidence, of colluding in a conspiracy with the Democratic Party and "the Radical Left" to get him banned, while repeating the rhetoric that first got him banned from his main Twitter account. This account was also suspended after the statement from Trump was posted. Twitter also suspended Trump campaign digital director Gary Coby's account after he forwarded his account information to Trump's deputy chief of staff, Dan Scavino, in an attempt to transfer it for Trump's use.

On January 14, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey defended banning Trump, but also said it "sets a precedent I feel is dangerous."

On January 20, 2021, shortly before noon, the @POTUS account was transferred to Biden as planned and the follower count of @POTUS was reset.

On February 10, 2021, Twitter CFO Ned Segal said in an interview with CNN that the ban of the Twitter account is permanent, even if Trump runs for office again.

In March 2021, the chief executive officers of Alphabet, Twitter, and Facebook were announced to appear before a House panel to be questioned about social media platforms' involvement in the U.S Capitol attack and their following decision to remove or ban Trump from their platforms. The hearing will place Section 230 into question, a law which some policy makers, both Democratic and Republican, want to change, concerned that it gives large technology companies too much power in determining what information is allowed on their platforms.

On May 6, 2021, Twitter suspended the account named "From the desk of Donald J. Trump", also the name of a blog started by Trump the same week. While it was not confirmed that Trump himself started the account, Twitter ruled it a ban evasion.

On July 7, 2021, Trump filed a class action lawsuit against Twitter and its CEO.

On October 1, 2021, Trump requested a preliminary injunction to force Twitter to reinstate his account.

Facebook and Instagram

Banned from both platforms

Once a prolific user, Donald Trump has been blocked from posting new content to Facebook and Instagram since January 6, 2021. That day, amidst an attack at the Capitol while Congress was counting the electoral votes, Trump posted a short video. Facebook removed it and blocked Trump's ability to post new content to both platforms. Facebook's vice president of integrity, Guy Rosen, explained that the video "contributes to rather than diminishes the risk of ongoing violence." (YouTube also removed the same video. Twitter at first disabled comments; later, the Tweet was deleted.) The next day, Facebook said the block would remain at least until the end of Trump's term on January 20. On May 5, 2021, after considering whether to reinstate Trump's account, Facebook's Oversight Board upheld Trump's suspensions on Facebook and Instagram but instructed Facebook, Inc. to reassess the indefinite ban within six months, stating that "it is not permissible for Facebook to keep a user off the platform for an undefined period, with no criteria for when or whether the account will be restored." One month later, Facebook decided to extend Trump's ban to two years, as his actions "merit the highest penalty available under the new enforcement protocols," and reconsider his case no earlier than January 2023. On July 7, 2021, Trump filed a class action lawsuit against Facebook, Google and Twitter, asserting they had engaged in "illegal, shameful censorship of the American people." Legal experts said the suit had little chance of success.

Facebook

During his 2016 campaign, Trump posted a number of ads on his Facebook page attacking Hillary Clinton. The ads included parodies of Pokémon Go and Ms. Pac-Man, portraying Hillary Clinton as a Pokémon and as Ms. Pac-Man. Trump was charged less per ad than Clinton was, Wired claimed, but Facebook countered that Trump had been charged more.

Trump also used the platform to issue an apology for the Access Hollywood tape. As president, he was criticized for posting a news story about a purported Kuwaiti travel ban similar to Executive Order 13769; Kuwait's foreign minister confirmed that no such ban existed.

In 2017, Facebook briefed the House and Senate committees in their investigations of Russian interference in the U.S. election. At the hearings, Facebook revealed that accounts linked to the Russian government had bought approximately $100,000 of Facebook advertisements during the election campaign. In response, Trump criticized Facebook in a series of tweets on September 27, 2017. "Facebook was always anti-Trump," he said, simultaneously extending the same criticism to "the Networks," The New York Times, and The Washington Post. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg posted a statement to Facebook: "Trump says Facebook is against him. Liberals say we helped Trump. Both sides are upset about ideas and content they don't like. That's what running a platform for all ideas looks like."

A large Facebook group called "Stop the Steal" was dedicated to the idea that the November 2020 election was "stolen" from Trump by some type of fraud. Two days after the election, Facebook banned the group and its hashtags.

Instagram

Trump initially used his personal account on Instagram (@realDonaldTrump) primarily to share personal pictures, including images of himself with his grandchildren. In September 2015 – then with approximately 377thousand followers – he used the platform to release a political advertisement. This ad, "Act of Love", attacked primary opponent Jeb Bush on the topic of immigration. Along with Bush's responses, it demonstrated that Instagram could be a political tool rather than merely a personal photo-sharing application. Trump also used the platform to contribute to the controversy regarding the 2016 film Ghostbusters by posting a video criticizing the all-female cast. In response, director Paul Feig claimed that "Trump supporters" were responsible for some of the "internet hate" directed at the film.

When Trump became president, his personal account had grown to over 5million followers. He also assumed control of an official account (@whitehouse), where he posted pictures from his inauguration. At that time, it was expected that the official account would primarily feature the work of the Chief Official White House Photographer once one was selected; however, Shealah Craighead has contributed relatively little, especially in comparison to Pete Souza's work during the Obama administration.

Reddit

On July 27, 2016, Trump took part in an Ask Me Anything (AMA), where he responded to user-submitted questions from Reddit's /r/The Donald community. He offered replies on topics that varied from media bias and voter fraud to NASA, including a question about H-1B visas posed by far-right media personality Milo Yiannopoulos. Trump also posted several pre-debate messages on the subreddit.

YouTube

From 2011 until 2013 or 2014, Trump created over 80 installments of a vlog on YouTube called "From the Desk of Donald Trump". In it, he discussed a variety of topics, ranging from serious issues such as the Libyan Civil War, Obamacare, and the American job market to less weighty matters, including the Vanity Fair Oscar party and his dislike of Mike McGlone's Rhetorical Questions advertisements for GEICO. In several installments, he speculated on a possible presidential candidacy in 2012 that never came to pass, but many of the themes featured in the vlog were part of his successful campaign in 2016. By June 2017, most of these videos were no longer available on YouTube under Trump's account.[better source needed]

Trump's YouTube account was suspended for policy violations for at least seven days on January 13, 2021, following the attack at the United States Capitol; for this period it was no longer possible for new videos to be uploaded to the site. On January 26, 2021, YouTube extended the ban stating, "In light of concerns about the ongoing potential for violence, the Donald J. Trump channel will remain suspended. Our teams are staying vigilant and closely monitoring for any new developments." On March 4, 2021 YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki stated that YouTube will lift the suspension on Donald Trump's channel when "the risk of violence has decreased." On July 7, 2021, Trump filed a class action lawsuit against YouTube and its CEO.

Snapchat

On June 3, 2020, Snapchat announced that it would no longer promote Trump's account on its "Discover" page, which curates stories from celebrities and politicians. This followed the President's sharing of his controversial June 1 photo outside St. John's Church (to which he had walked after peaceful protesters in Lafayette Square were tear gassed to make way for him). He had also shared screenshots of several tweets. Three days earlier, co-founder and CEO Evan Spiegel had sent a company memo stating that "we simply cannot promote accounts in America that are linked to people who incite racial violence, whether they do so on or off our platform."

On January 6, 2021, following the attack at the United States Capitol, Snapchat locked Trump's account. The company announced on January 13, 2021 that it would keep his account blocked permanently.

Twitch

Trump has a Twitch account used primarily to broadcast his rallies. On June 29, 2020, his account was temporarily banned. Twitch stated the ban was made because of violations in their rules against hate speech. They pointed out an incident in 2016 where Trump made comments about rapists, drug dealers, and criminals coming to America from Mexico and an incident in his rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 2020 where he told a fictional story of a "tough hombre" breaking into someone's home as proof of these violations. This ban was lifted 2 weeks later.

On January 7, 2021, Trump's Twitch account was disabled indefinitely. This was done in response to Trump's alleged incitement of the Capitol attack. While his profile and archived videos are still viewable, he will not be able to stream as long as his account is disabled.

Triller

In August 2020, Trump joined Triller and was immediately verified and promoted on the app. His action was interpreted by many as a move against TikTok, a Chinese competitor of Triller's. Trump had previously threatened to ban TikTok.

Parler

Parler, a social media platform that launched in 2018, attracted supporters of Donald Trump from its beginning. The Trump campaign has a Parler account, although Trump himself does not have a personal account as of early January 2021. Other Parler users include Trump's former campaign director Brad Parscale; Trump's son, Eric Trump; Senator Ted Cruz; and White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany. After Facebook banned the "Stop the Steal" group several days after the November 2020 election, many of those people moved to Parler. There had been speculation that Donald Trump might move to Parler, although the platform remained relatively small compared to the Twitter platform he was accustomed to. On January 13, 2021, CNN reported that Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner had prevented Trump's officials from giving Trump a presence on Parler and Gab after Trump was suspended on Twitter and other major social media platforms.

Gab

In early February 2021, multiple media outlets falsely reported that former-President Trump had joined Gab under the handle @realdonaldtrump. The Independent speculated "that confusion arose from the presence of a blue check mark indicating the account was verified" and Vice News speculated that the bio of the account, which read "45th President of the United States of America. Uncensored posts from the @realDonaldTrump Feed." had also caused confusion. The Gab post that was mistaken to be from Trump was actually from Gab CEO Andrew Torba and featured a copy of a genuine letter sent by Trump's lawyers to Democratic Representative Jamie Raskin, who had called on Trump to testify at his second impeachment hearing. Thousands of users on Gab, including QAnon influencers, were also led to believe after the post was made that Trump had joined the platform under the handle. Torba responded to the false reports in a post on Gab, saying that "@realdonaldtrump is and always has been a mirror archive of POTUS' tweets and statements that we've run for years. We've always been transparent about this and would obviously let people know if the President starts using it." He also criticized the media outlets that falsely reported that Trump had joined the platform. Also in response to the false reports, the @realdonaldtrump Gab account made a post that was pinned saying that the account is reserved for Trump and urged users of Gab to send messages to Trump asking him to join the platform.

Rumble

On June 26, 2021, Trump joined video hosting platform Rumble in preparation of recording his Ohio rally.

Gettr

A new platform called Gettr was launched on July 4, 2021 with Trump's advisor Miller as CEO. Trump was reportedly not involved in Gettr, though Miller hoped he would join the platform.

Shortly after Trump left office, he quietly incorporated Trump Media and Technology Group in February 2021, a company that had no significant funding. On March 21, Trump posted a statement on his new website, 45office.com, which was "liked and shared" hundreds of thousands of times on Facebook and Twitter. That same day, Trump advisor Jason Miller claimed on Fox News that Trump would be "returning to social media in probably about two or three months" by founding a new network that would "completely redefine the game." He said he expected "tens of millions" of users. On October 20, 2021, Trump Media and Technology Group obtained hundreds of millions of dollars in funding by agreeing to merge with Digital World Acquisition, and the anticipated creation of a social media app called "Truth Social" was announced that same day.

45office.com

On March 21, 2021, Trump posted a statement about the U.S.-Mexico border to his website 45office.com that was "liked and shared more than 661,000 times" on Facebook and Twitter, although he himself was already banned from those platforms. The existence of the website 45office.com was formally announced a week later on March 29. It includes a biography and photos of Trump and his wife. Visitors can make requests for personalized greetings or attendance at an event. The site centers around a history of Donald Trump's presidency that doesn't make any mention of two impeachments, of any COVID-19 death toll, of the economic crash that followed the pandemic, or of the Capitol attack that marked the end of his term.

From the Desk of Donald J. Trump

On May 4, 2021, Trump launched a new web page, "From the Desk of Donald J. Trump," on the site of his Save America political action committee DonaldJTrump.com, where he was posting messages under 280 characters that visitors could share to Facebook or Twitter (platforms that had banned Trump from having his own accounts there). Although the site claimed to be a "communications platform" where his supporters could "freely and safely" speak, there was no way for users to post any content of their own nor to reply to Trump's posts. The day the blog launched, it had 159,000 social media interactions; on the second day, less than one-fifth that amount; and on subsequent days, at least for the next two weeks, it never reached 10% of the interaction of its first day. According to an estimate by The Washington Post, in mid-May, "Trump’s website — including his new blog, fundraising page and online storefront — attracted fewer estimated visitors than the pet-adoption service Petfinder and the recipe site Delish." The site was permanently closed less than a month after its launch.

Truth Social

Main article: Truth Social

On October 20, 2021, it was announced that Trump would be launching a new social media website called Truth Social. It is to be run by Trump Media & Technology Group, a company incorporated in February 2021 and which on October 20, 2021 made a deal to merge with a special purpose acquisition company, Digital World Acquisition, that will fund it. The Republican National Committee sent an email the next day asking supporters to join Truth Social. The platform was slated to enter limited beta in November 2021 on iOS via Apple's App Store before a full public launch in 2022.

Historically in Chinese publications Trump was known as Chuānpǔ (Chinese:川普), based on the pronunciation of his surname, while recent[when?] official publications use Tèlǎngpǔ (特朗普). Users on the Chinese internet refer to Trump as Chuānpǔ, instead of Tèlǎngpǔ, and/or various parody nicknames. Ji Siqi of the South China Morning Post wrote that the informal use is because Chuānpǔ "just has two characters so it's easier to say or type."

Trump's assertion of his understanding of COVID-19 resulted in the nickname Dǒng Wáng (Chinese:懂王; pinyin: Dǒng Wáng; lit. 'king of knowledge'). A perception that Trump is harming the United States to the benefit of China gave him the nickname Chuān Jiànguó (川建国;川建國) meaning "Trump Building Country" with the country being China. Additionally he is known as Chuān Bǎo (川宝;川寳; 'Trump the Baby'), which Ji Siqi compared to the insult "Orange Baby". Another nickname referring to the Chinese perception of Trump being an authoritarian, which Ji Siqi states "contradicts American democracy as perceived by Chinese people", is Chuān Huáng (川皇; 'Trump the Emperor'), and Dà Tǒnglǐng (大统领;大統領; 'Great Commander'). The perception of Trump being, in Ji Siqi's words, "an avaricious businessman running [the United States as] a company" resulted in the name Chuān Zǒng (川总;川總; 'Trump the Boss'). The, in Ji Siqi's words, "very frequent flip-flops", resulted in Tè Méipǔ (特没谱) with "mei" being "no"; therefore the literal meaning of "Te Meipu" is "very capricious".

According to the South China Morning Post, reactions to Trump's permanent Twitter suspension on the Chinese internet were mixed. Many were shocked that U.S. social media platforms "had the audacity to silence the country's president." Some supported Trump's suspension, while others were sympathetic towards Trump due to also being banned off of social media platforms.

  1. The original tweets about wiretapping are, in chronological order:
  2. The "covfefe" tweets are, in chronological order:
  3. Cody Johnston reports that there were 96 installments from 2011 to 2014, including one duplicate. Olivia Nuzzi described the series as only running until 2013, with 83 installments.
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    Social media use by Donald Trump
Social media use by Donald Trump Language Watch Edit Donald Trump s use of social media attracted attention worldwide since he joined Twitter in May 2009 Over nearly twelve years Trump tweeted around 57 000 times 1 including about 8 000 times during the 2016 election campaign and over 25 000 times during his presidency 2 White House said that the tweets should be considered official statements 3 When Twitter permanently banned Trump from the platform in January 2021 during the final days of his term 4 his handle realDonaldTrump had over 88 9 million followers 5 For most of Trump s presidency his account on Twitter where he often posted controversial and false statements 6 7 8 9 remained unmoderated in the name of public interest 10 11 Congress performed its own form of moderation on July 16 2019 the House of Representatives voted mostly along party lines to censure him for racist comments he had tweeted two days previously 12 In the face of this political censure his tweets only accelerated An investigation by The New York Times published November 2 2019 found that during his time in office to date Trump had already retweeted at least 145 accounts that have pushed conspiracy or fringe content including more than two dozen that have since been suspended 13 In 2020 Trump also spread misinformation about the COVID 19 pandemic During his 2020 reelection campaign he falsely suggested that postal voting or electoral fraud may compromise the election prompting Twitter to either remove such tweets or label them as disputed 14 15 After his election loss Trump persistently undermined the election results in the weeks leading to Joe Biden s inauguration 16 17 His tweets played a role in inciting the January 6 2021 attack of the U S Capitol during the formal counting of electoral votes 18 Though the Senate eventually acquitted Trump during his second impeachment social media companies swiftly banned him Facebook and Instagram announced a permanent ban although in June 2021 they said they would revisit the ban in January 2023 19 20 21 Twitter permanently suspended his realDonaldTrump handle followed by the official account of his campaign TeamTrump 22 23 24 and the accounts of allies who posted on his behalf like Trump campaign digital director Gary Coby 25 Twitter also deleted three tweets by Trump on the POTUS handle 26 and barred access to the presidential account until Joe Biden s inauguration During the first week that Trump was banned on several platforms January 9 15 election related misinformation declined 73 according to research analytics firm Zignal Labs 27 In October 2021 it was announced that a new social media app called Truth Social 28 was to be run by Trump Media amp Technology Group The platform was slated to enter limited beta in November 2021 before a full public launch in 2022 29 Contents 1 Background 2 Twitter 2 1 Followers 2 2 Public opinion 2 3 Rate of tweets 2 4 Device security 2 5 Tweets as official statements 2 6 Timeline 2 7 Live tweeting Fox amp Friends 2 8 Insults 2 9 International threats 2 9 1 2017 2019 Qatar diplomatic crisis 2 9 2 Threat to destroy North Korea 2 9 3 Threat to destroy Iran s cultural sites 2 10 Sharing of violent far right and extremist content 2 10 1 During campaign 2 10 2 CNN wrestling video 2 10 3 Britain First videos 2 10 4 South Africa 2 10 5 Katie Hopkins 2 10 6 Allusions to violence in May 2020 2 10 7 OANN conspiracy theory 2 10 8 White power video clip 2 11 Election claims and grievances 2 11 1 2016 campaign Trump Tower wiretapping allegations 2 11 2 2016 campaign Investigation into Russian influence 2 11 3 2020 campaign Suggestion of delaying election 2 11 4 2020 election Attempt to overturn results 2 12 Other controversial tweets 2 12 1 Covfefe 2 12 2 Comments on Sadiq Khan 2 12 3 Comments on Morning Joe hosts 2 12 3 1 Joe Scarborough smear 2 12 4 Attacks on federal judges officials departments and FBI 2 12 5 Comments on The Squad 2 12 6 Retweeting Jeffrey Epstein conspiracy theory 2 12 7 Liberate tweets 2 12 8 Retweeting unlicensed Linkin Park song 2 12 9 Calling Trending on Twitter section illegal 2 12 10 Tweets on illegal immigrants 2 12 11 Tweets about the American suburbs 2 12 12 Spread of COVID 19 misinformation 2 13 Tweets during first impeachment 2 13 1 Civil War tweet 2 13 2 Threats against Representative Adam Schiff and whistleblower 2 13 3 Lynching tweet 2 14 Blocking of Twitter users 2 15 Effects on litigation 2 16 Effects on the stock market 2 17 Deletion of tweets 2 18 Caution on tweets 2 18 1 Get the facts about mail in ballots 2 18 2 Glorifying violence 2 18 3 Manipulated media 2 18 4 Abusive behavior 2 18 5 Misleading health claims 2 18 6 Misleading about an election 2 19 Suspensions and deactivations 2 19 1 2017 2 19 2 2021 2 19 3 Reactions to Trump s suspension 2 20 Satire and memes 2 21 Archival 2 22 Reactions and analysis 2 22 1 SuspendThePres 2 23 Permanent suspension 3 Other social media platforms 3 1 Facebook and Instagram 3 1 1 Banned from both platforms 3 1 2 Facebook 3 1 3 Instagram 3 2 Reddit 3 3 YouTube 3 4 Snapchat 3 5 Twitch 3 6 Triller 3 7 Parler 3 8 Gab 3 9 Rumble 3 10 Gettr 4 Trump s own social media networks 4 1 45office com 4 2 From the Desk of Donald J Trump 4 3 Truth Social 5 On the Chinese internet 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External linksBackground Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump My use of social media is not Presidential it s MODERN DAY PRESIDENTIAL Make America Great Again July 1 2017 30 Further information Social media and political communication in the United States and Social media in the United States presidential election 2016This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page June 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message The emergence of social media has changed the way in which political communication takes place in the United States Political institutions such as politicians political parties foundations institutions and political think tanks are all using social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter to communicate with and engage voters Regular individuals politicians pundits and thought leaders alike are able to voice their opinions engage with a wide network and connect with other likeminded individuals 31 According to Wael Ghonim social media can reinforce pre existing beliefs rather than promote new ones Social media while a great source of gathering volunteers and money serves the main purpose of affirming political beliefs and strengthening a political base 32 Politicians have a platform to communicate with that is different from the mainstream media Politicians have the ability to raise large amounts of money in relatively short periods of time through social media campaigns In 2012 President Barack Obama raised over a billion dollars for his campaign which broke the fundraising record Around 690 million was raised through online donations including social media email and website donations and more money was raised from small donors than ever before 33 The 2008 US presidential election was the first election in which candidates utilized the Internet and social media networking as a communicative tool incorporated into candidates campaigns 34 In 2008 President elect Barack Obama was the first to use the Internet to organize supporters advertise and communicate with individuals in a way that had been impossible in previous elections 35 Obama utilized sites like YouTube to advertise through videos The videos posted on YouTube by Obama s were viewed for 14 5 million hours 35 36 As of 2012 update more candidates were utilizing a wider array of social media platforms 37 Politicians were now on social networking sites like Twitter Instagram YouTube and other new social media tools and mobile apps Some of the candidates used social media sites to announce their candidacy Barack Obama emailed a video to 13 million when he announced his intention to run for re election and Mitt Romney sent out a tweet 37 By May 16 2011 BarackObama was followed by 7 4 million people including twenty eight world leaders 38 His account became the third account to reach 10 million followers in September 2011 39 40 41 TwitterSee also Act of Love politics and Make America Great Again Donald Trump s tweet activity from his first tweet in May 2009 His tweet activity pattern has changed from 2013 From his official declaration of candidacy in 2015 Donald Trump benefited from large numbers of supporters active on social media Some supporters called themselves Centipedes online 42 As president Trump preferred to communicate over social media announcing policy changes and the dismissals of staff members there 43 Trump largely bypassed the White House Press Secretary and his administration ended the daily White House press briefing 43 Trump preferred to dictate and dominate the news cycle his communications emphasized his political grievances promoted conspiracy theories and attacked those he regarded as enemies 43 Trump used the retweet feature on Twitter to forward messages he agreed with often posts praising him no matter how obscure their authors were 44 At times Trump retweeted himself 45 and sometimes commented so true while doing so 46 Followers The realdonaldtrump handle had amassed 88 7 million followers by the time Twitter suspended it in January 2021 after the 2021 United States Capitol attack 5 47 48 When Trump announced his presidential campaign in 2015 he had 2 98 million followers his follower count thereafter increased rapidly 49 Many of his followers however were fake accounts and Twitter bots a May 2017 analysis concluded that out of the then 30 9 million followers of Trump s personal Twitter account 51 were real and 49 were fake 50 51 In mid 2018 Twitter conducted a site wide crackdown on fake accounts reducing the total number of users of the site by about 6 52 as a result Trump lost about 100 000 of his then 53 4 million followers 49 Trump repeatedly complained about reductions in the number of followers claiming that Twitter was biased against him and raised his complaints in tweets and in a private meeting with Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey 52 53 In October 2018 the research group SparkToro estimated that more than 60 of Trump s followers were bots spam inactive or propaganda a significantly higher percentage than for followers of other American politician Twitter accounts 53 Public opinion Trump s advisors warned him that his tweets may alienate some of his supporters 54 In a June 2017 Fox News poll 70 percent of respondents said Trump s tweets hurt his agenda 55 56 In a January 2019 UMass Lowell poll 68 percent of all respondents aged 18 37 said Trump tweeted too much 57 Rate of tweets In November 2016 shortly after winning the election Trump said in a 60 Minutes interview that as president his use of social media would be very restrained if I use it at all 58 Trump went on to Tweet more than 25 000 times during his presidency 2 by the first half of 2019 he was tweeting as frequently as he had as a candidate and he doubled this rate during the second half of 2019 and the first half of 2020 On his most prolific day June 5 2020 he tweeted 200 times 59 Tweets counted through Trump Twitter Archive 60 Date range Tweets Daily average2009 May 4 December 31 2009 56 0 22010 January 1 December 31 2010 142 0 42011 January 1 December 31 2011 774 2 12012 January 1 December 31 2012 3 531 9 62013 January 1 December 31 2013 8 138 22 32014 January 1 December 31 2014 5 773 15 82015 pre candidacy January 1 June 15 2015 3 701 22 3Candidacy June 16 2015 November 8 2016 7 794 15 2Transition November 9 2016 January 19 2017 364 5 1Presidency Year 1 first half January 20 July 19 2017 1 027 5 7Presidency Year 1 second half July 20 2017 January 19 2018 1 576 8 6Presidency Year 2 first half January 20 2018 July 19 2018 1 472 8 1Presidency Year 2 second half July 20 2018 January 19 2019 2 146 11 7Presidency Year 3 first half January 20 July 19 2019 2 814 15 6Presidency Year 3 second half July 20 January 19 2020 5 151 28 1Presidency Year 4 first half January 20 July 19 2020 6 014 33 2Presidency Year 4 second half July 20 January 8 2021 5 993 34 8 In addition to the tweets he put out he was also the intended recipient of tweets by others In 2019 Donald Trump was tagged on Twitter at a rate of 1 000 times per minute according to The New York Times 13 Device security After the inauguration the White House would not comment on whether Trump was using a secure phone 61 Before he had been using a Samsung Galaxy S3 which only has Android 4 3 1 as its latest OS a version of Android which Google marked as unsupported and discontinued as of Trump s inauguration 62 Since then he has used an iPhone to use Twitter 63 The iPhone Twitter app used by Trump in 2018 lacked certain security features and Politico reported in May 2018 that Trump s phone has gone as long as five months without being checked by security experts 64 On October 24 2018 The New York Times reported that Trump was still using his personal iPhones for phone calls even though his aides and U S intelligence officials have warned him that Russian and Chinese spies are listening 65 Trump responded by tweeting I only use Government Phones The tweet was sent from an iPhone 66 In the same tweet he claimed that he has only one such government phone and that it is seldom used 67 Trump s realDonaldTrump Twitter account was breached twice by Dutch hacker Victor Gevers both times by guessing weak passwords The first incident took place in 2016 using the guessed password yourefired The password was guessed because it had previously been discovered in a 2012 LinkedIn password breach 68 The second incident took place in October 2020 when his account was breached by guessing the password maga2020 69 70 Although reports of the second attack were denied by Twitter and the White House they were later confirmed by Dutch prosecutors in December 2020 71 Tweets as official statements Throughout his presidency Trump frequently appeared to issue orders through his tweets Whether these tweets were official directives was unclear 72 73 A US National Archives spokesman said that Trump s tweets are considered presidential records 74 In 2017 the Department of Justice argued in one court case that Trump s tweets were official statements of the President of the United States 75 In another cases the DOJ argued they were official policy statements but that the tweets were also personal conduct that is not an exercise of state power 75 The ABA Journal wrote in 2017 There s little caselaw on to what extent government use of social media can be considered official or a public forum which affords First Amendment protection to people who might be excluded based on their viewpoints 75 In 2019 the Secretary of the U S Navy said he did not interpret a Trump tweet as a formal order to act after Trump tweeted that the Navy should not take away Chief Petty Officer Edward Gallagher s status as a Navy SEAL 76 In 2020 a court asked that Trump clarify his intention after he tweeted what appeared to be an order calling for the disclosure of documents related to Russian interference in the 2016 election In a court filing White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said that The President indicated to me that his statements on Twitter were not self executing declassification orders and do not require the declassification or release of any particular documents 77 Timeline In 2009 marketing staffer Peter Costanzo suggested to Trump that he could use social media to draw attention to his book Think Like a Champion which was due to be released later that year He was unable to use the username DonaldTrump as it was already being used by a parody account He and his marketing team decided to use the username realDonaldTrump 78 Trump joined Twitter in March 2009 and sent out his first tweet on May 4 2009 advertising his upcoming appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman which was due to air a couple of days later 78 From 2009 to 2011 tweets posted by the realDonaldTrump account included the phrase from Donald Trump to distinguish them from those written by his staff but by about June 2011 as Trump s use of the platform increased those identifying labels disappeared 78 During the 2016 campaign some tweets were sent from an Android phone and others from an iPhone 79 80 The Android tweets were more likely to be sent outside of business hours and to take a more combative tone The iPhone tweets were suspected to be written and sent by members of Trump s staff a suspicion that was largely confirmed using sentiment analysis 81 machine learning and natural language processing could still frequently distinguish Trump s tweets from others sent in his name even when staffers attempted to emulate his writing style 82 In 2012 following the victory of Obama in the presidential election Trump tweeted a chain of disparaging comments about Obama s win He mocked Obama for playing basketball and blamed the Chinese for creating the concept of global warming Trump tweeted the next day but we ll have to live with it and We have to make America great again 83 In response Obama sarcastically quipped on The Tonight Show With Jay Leno This all dates back to when he and Trump were growing up together in Kenya referring to the birther conspiracy 84 85 Trump s Twitter activity significantly increased beginning in 2013 he tweeted more frequently and with more politically charged rhetoric 86 87 Twitter was an important tool in Trump s 2016 presidential election campaign and has been credited as contributing to his victory 88 Former White House communications director Anthony Scaramucci recalled that Trump felt that there was no separation between his brand and the media that there was an intersection of value for himself personally between his brand and saturating it in the media 89 Daniel Pfeiffer Obama s former strategy communications advisor commented that Trump is way better at the internet than anyone else in the GOP which is partly why he is winning 90 According to The New York Times other presidential aides have described Trump as a sophisticated version of a parrot given his penchant for repeating information almost unfiltered as soon as he had processed it 89 In 2017 Trump was described as possibly the first social media and reality TV president in an article by Van Jones on CNN s website in October 2017 Following Trump s inauguration he gained control of the official U S presidential Twitter account POTUS which had been created by Obama Trump s first tweets as president were made from his personal account but he has used both accounts 91 After Joe Biden won the November 2020 presidential election Twitter said it planned to hand over the POTUS account to Biden upon his inauguration on January 20 2021 which has since happened 92 Live tweeting Fox amp Friends Trump frequently watched the Fox News show Fox amp Friends and often tweeted reactions to what he has seen on the show For example on January 2 2018 Trump tweeted that his Nuclear Button was much bigger amp more powerful than Kim Jong un s following a Fox News segment about Kim s nuclear button minutes before Trump watches several hours of cable news shows each day using the Super TiVo he had installed at the White House 93 News organizations have compiled lists of Trump tweets directly repeating what he was watching The result is that stories that Fox concentrates on become nationally important stories by virtue of the fact that they appear in presidential tweets setting up a feedback loop 94 During his first year in office he mentioned the Fox amp Friends Twitter account more than any other account 95 Insults In January 2016 a review by The New York Times found that one in every eight posts by Trump on Twitter was a personal insult of some kind 96 From the beginning of his term until May 2019 Trump had insulted 598 people including private citizens places and things on Twitter targets of insults included politicians journalists news outlets television hosts and programs former staffers and associates government agencies business leaders books critical of him the State of California and State of New York and entire countries 97 The New York Times published an inventory of all of Trump s Twitter insults from 2015 until January 2021 98 Trump often gave opponents nicknames such as Crooked Hillary 99 and Lyin Ted 100 101 In 2015 he tweeted against an 18 year old college student who had challenged him at a New Hampshire political forum which led to a wave of online harassment against her 102 In December 2016 as president elect he responded to criticism from the president of United Steelworkers Local 1999 in Indiana by tweeting that the local union leader has done a terrible job representing workers 103 the union president received threatening phone calls afterward 104 International threats 2017 2019 Qatar diplomatic crisis United States president Trump with the emir of Qatar Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani May 2017 In 2017 the Qatar diplomatic crisis erupted An escalation of the Qatar Saudi Arabia diplomatic conflict it began when Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Bahrain and Egypt abruptly cut off diplomatic relations with Qatar alleging that the Qatari government supported terrorists 105 The severing of relations included withdrawing ambassadors and imposing trade and travel bans 106 In a series of tweets Trump praised the Gulf nations move against Qatar took credit for engineering the crisis and repeatedly criticized Qatar undermining simultaneous efforts by Trump s Secretary of State Rex Tillerson U S Ambassador to Qatar Dana Shell Smith and Secretary of Defense James Mattis all of whom took a neutral stance called for dialogue and compromise in the interests of regional security and noted that Qatar hosted the Al Udeid Air Base 106 107 108 109 110 Threat to destroy North Korea Main article 2017 2018 North Korea crisis Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump The has great strength amp patience but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies we will have no choice but to totally destroy NoKo September 19 2017 111 In September 2017 Trump posted tweets about North Korea that some saw as violating Twitter s rule against making threats of violence On September 19 he stated that under certain circumstances we will have no choice but to totally destroy NoKo and on September 23 Just heard Foreign Minister of North Korea speak at U N If he echoes thoughts of Little Rocket Man they won t be around much longer Little Rocket Man was Trump s nickname for North Korean leader Kim Jong un In response to user concerns Twitter cited newsworthiness and whether the tweet is of public interest as factors they consider in whether a tweet violates their rules The company acknowledged that these guidelines are internal and stated they would update their public facing rules to reflect them 112 Threat to destroy Iran s cultural sites Further information Iran United States relations 2017 present Trump administration and 2019 2021 Persian Gulf crisis On January 4 2020 Trump threatened in a tweet that if Iran strikes any Americans or American assets it could expect that 52 Iranian sites representing the 52 American hostages taken by Iran many years ago important to Iran amp the Iranian culture would be HIT VERY FAST AND VERY HARD Deliberately targeting cultural sites would have been a war crime The next day he tweeted Should Iran strike any U S person or target the United States will quickly amp fully strike back amp perhaps in a disproportionate manner 113 Sharing of violent far right and extremist content Trump has been criticized for his practice of retweeting or copying material from social media accounts posting antisemitic racist or false information such as claims exaggerating the number of crimes committed by black people 114 115 116 During campaign PolitiFact singled out as particularly obviously false an image retweeted by Trump that claimed that 81 of white murder victims are killed by black people Politifact noted that besides being a five fold exaggeration the claim was sourced to the non existent Crime Statistics Bureau San Francisco it later highlighted this retweet when awarding its 2015 Lie of the Year badge to Trump s entire presidential campaign 117 118 The fake statistics were first posted by a neo Nazi Twitter account 116 An image posted by Trump on July 2 2016 called Hillary Clinton the Most Corrupt Candidate Ever and featured a six pointed star reminiscent of the Jewish Star of David the image first appeared in a June 15 tweet by FishBoneHead1 a Twitter account described by the Associated Press as being known for anti Clinton and right leaning messages and images and by Mic as promoting violent racist memes before making its way to 8chan s pol on June 22 119 120 Trump s social media manager Dan Scavino responded that the image had been sourced by him from a Twitter page where countless images appear and that he had assumed that the star referred to a sheriff s badge 119 120 121 Under two hours later the tweet was deleted from Trump s account in favor of a nearly identical tweet with a circle in place of the star but Trump later blamed the deletion on his staff stating I would ve rather defended it 120 122 Jeremy Diamond of CNN observed It wasn t the six pointed star alone that evoked anti Semitism it s the combination of the star with a background of money and an accusation of corruption which suggests stereotypical views of Jews and money and raises conspiracy theories that Jews control political systems 123 The episode led Dana Schwartz a Jewish employee of Trump s son in law Jared Kushner to write an open letter to him in protest to which he responded 124 125 CNN wrestling video Further information CNN controversies Redditor controversy On July 2 2017 Trump tweeted a video of himself attacking Vince McMahon during WrestleMania 23 with the CNN logo over McMahon s face In response Brian Stelter of CNN issued a statement saying that Trump was encouraging violence against reporters and involved in juvenile behavior far below the dignity of his office 126 127 128 129 CNN also responded to the tweet by quoting Sarah Huckabee Sanders who claimed the previous week The president in no way form or fashion has ever promoted or encouraged violence 126 Homeland Security Advisor Tom Bossert said that no one would perceive the tweet as a threat 126 130 Trump subsequently said that CNN took the post too seriously adding that CNN has hurt themselves very badly 131 The clip appeared on pro Trump subreddit r The Donald about four days earlier 126 132 133 134 and was created by a Reddit account which had previously posted racist antisemitic and bigoted content 135 A White House official later denied that the video came from Reddit the official declined to respond to questions about where the president obtained the clip 136 As of December 20 2017 update the tweet had been retweeted over 330 000 times making it Trump s most retweeted post 137 Britain First videos President Trump with Prime Minister Theresa May in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington D C January 27 2017 The May Ministry condemned Trump s Tweets and Britain First On November 29 2017 Trump retweeted three inflammatory and unverified anti Muslim videos from Britain First a British far right and ultranationalist group that has a history of posting misleading videos 138 One of the videos purported to show an assault by a Muslim immigrant but the assailant was neither a Muslim nor an immigrant 139 Another video was filmed in 2013 during the Syrian Civil War showing a man who is believed to be an Al Nusra supporter destroying a statue of Mary and stating No one but Allah will be worshipped in the land of the Levant A third video contains footage filmed during a period of violent unrest following the 2013 Egyptian coup d etat 140 141 142 143 The videos had been shared by Britain First deputy leader Jayda Fransen who was convicted of religiously aggravated harassment in Britain in 2016 138 Trump s promoting inflammatory content from an extremist group was without precedent among modern American presidents 144 Trump s actions were widely condemned both in the U S and abroad by politicians commentators and religious leaders of various faiths and across the political spectrum also by several civil rights and advocacy groups and organizations 145 146 147 148 138 149 The incident resulted in calls for Trump to be banned from the UK 146 150 151 but his invitation to visit to the United Kingdom was not withdrawn 152 When asked by PBS NewsHour 29 Democratic and four Republican senators criticized the tweets 153 154 Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Theresa May said in a statement it is wrong for the president to have done this and Britain First seeks to divide communities through their use of hateful narratives which peddle lies and stoke tensions 155 154 Then Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson called Britain First a hateful organization which does not reflect British values However he did abstain from calling out President Trump for sharing the videos 156 Trump s sharing of the tweets was praised across far right circles increased Islamophobic comment on social media and elevated the profile of Britain First 157 158 In Britain Fransen and Britain First leader Paul Golding hailed Trump s re tweets saying Donald Trump himself has retweeted these videos and has around 44 million followers God Bless You Trump 159 146 142 160 161 White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders defended Trump s tweets saying Whether it s a real video sic the threat is real and that is what the president is talking about 152 On November 30 2017 Sanders said that Trump s actions elevate the conversation to talk about a real issue and a real threat that s extreme violence and extreme terrorism 162 Trump responded to criticism from May by publicly rebuking her on Twitter sparking a rare rift between the United Kingdom and the United States 163 On December 18 almost three weeks after being retweeted by Trump the accounts of Britain First Paul Golding and Jayda Fransen were all suspended by Twitter 164 In a January 2018 interview with Piers Morgan for Good Morning Britain Trump said he was not familiar with Britain First when he retweeted them stating If you are telling me they re horrible people horrible racist people I would certainly apologise if you d like me to do that 165 South Africa In August 2018 Trump tweeted that he had asked Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to closely study the South Africa land and farm seizures and expropriations and the large scale killing of farmers The tweet was sent shortly after a segment by Fox News where Tucker Carlson claimed that the racist government of South Africa was targeting white owned farms for land reform due to anti white racism 166 In response South Africa s Minister for International Relations and Cooperation Lindiwe Sisulu claimed that Trump was expressing right wing ideology and also added that the South African government had requested an explanation for the tweet from the US Charge d affaires 167 The US Embassy in South Africa rebuked Trump s tweet claiming that there is no evidence that murders on farms specifically target white people or are politically motivated 166 There are no reliable figures that suggest that white farmers are at greater risk of being killed than the average South African 168 169 and the fact checking organization Afri Check claims that whites are less likely to be murdered than any other race group in South Africa 170 The talking point is often used by far right groups as evidence for a white genocide in South Africa This has been condemned as false by Genocide Watch 171 Katie Hopkins In July and August 2019 Trump retweeted British commentator Katie Hopkins In one of these tweets Hopkins praised four right wing politicians Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil Matteo Salvini of Italy Victor Orban of Hungary and Jaroslaw Kaczynski of Poland In that same tweet Hopkins said that god willing jihadi failing she would be alive to see Boris Johnson in Number 10 Trump in the White House and Netanyahu building Israel Another comment that Trump retweeted was Hopkins attack on London mayor Sadiq Khan in which she blamed him for the city s violent crime rate 172 173 174 Twitter permanently deleted Hopkins account in June 2020 for violating its Hateful Conduct policy 175 Allusions to violence in May 2020 Trump made violent allusions in two late night tweets in May 2020 176 In one message Trump retweeted a video in which one of his supporters Couy Griffin a county commissioner in New Mexico and founder of Cowboys for Trump says The only good Democrat is a dead Democrat 176 177 Griffin subsequently said that he was speaking of a political death rather than a literal death 176 177 but then spoke of an uprising if Democrats win the election and suggested executing Democrats 176 Twenty five hours later Trump tweeted in reference to violence in Minneapolis When the looting starts the shooting starts 176 This message was subsequently flagged by Twitter as glorifying violence see below 176 OANN conspiracy theory Further information Buffalo police shoving incident Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump Buffalo protester shoved by Police could be an ANTIFA provocateur 75 year old Martin Gugino was pushed away after appearing to scan police communications in order to black out the equipment OANN I watched he fell harder than was pushed Was aiming scanner Could be a set up June 9 2020 178 In a tweet on June 9 2020 Trump falsely claimed that a 75 year old George Floyd protester in Buffalo New York who was knocked to ground by two police officers fell harder than he was pushed and could be an antifa provocateur 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 Trump s tweet referred to a conspiracy theory promoted by the far right One America News Network channel 186 187 and Kristian Rouz of OANN who has also worked for the Russian propaganda outlet Sputnik News 188 The OANN claim was itself based on an claim on an anonymous right wing blog 189 187 No evidence supports Trump s claims that the man was an antifa member 183 185 190 that the incident was a setup 184 that the man fell harder than he was pushed 191 or that the man was attempting to scan police devices 182 184 White power video clip On June 28 2020 Trump retweeted a video showing profane arguments between anti Trump and pro Trump protesters in The Villages Florida a retirement community In the video a pro Trump protester can twice be heard yelling white power at the anti Trump protesters In his tweet Trump thanked the pro Trump protesters shown in the video calling them great people 192 193 194 The tweet was widely criticized as racist 193 Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina the Senate s sole black Republican called the tweet indefensible and asked Trump to delete it 193 192 Trump subsequently deleted the post 193 192 without condemning the white power statement or disavowing his supporter s act 193 White House Deputy Press Secretary Judd Deere defended Trump claiming President Trump is a big fan of The Villages He did not hear the one statement made on the video What he did see was tremendous enthusiasm from his many supporters 193 Many White House officials claimed to have tried to reach out to Trump while the tweet was still up asking him to delete it but that they couldn t reach him because he had put his phone down while playing golf at his Virginia golf club 195 Election claims and grievances 2016 campaign Trump Tower wiretapping allegations Main article Trump Tower wiretapping allegations Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump Terrible Just found out that Obama had my wires tapped in Trump Tower just before the victory Nothing found This is McCarthyism March 4 2017 a In a succession of tweets on March 4 2017 196 a Trump stated he had just found out that his predecessor Obama had wiretapped the phones in his offices at Trump Tower during the last months of the 2016 election Trump did not say where he had obtained the information and offered no evidence to support it 197 Trump compared the alleged intrusion to McCarthyism and Watergate Anonymous White House officials told The Washington Post that Trump did not appear to coordinate his comments with other White House officials 198 Although no evidence supported Trump s claims the tweets resulted in a week of media attention Fake news websites also took up the allegations and one falsely claimed that a warrant for Obama s arrest had been given 196 198 In September CNN reported that the FBI wiretapped Paul Manafort Trump s former campaign chairman in 2016 17 either during or after his tenure with the Trump campaign It is not known whether any surveillance of Manafort took place at Trump Tower and there is no evidence that Obama requested the wiretap which was authorized by a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act FISA court warrant 199 200 201 202 2016 campaign Investigation into Russian influence Main articles Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and Special Counsel investigation 2017 2019 Trump repeatedly attacked former FBI Director James Comey whom Trump dismissed from office via Twitter 203 Trump has posted a number of angry tweets directed at Robert Mueller who was appointed as a special prosecutor to investigate Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election 204 205 2020 campaign Suggestion of delaying election On July 30 2020 Trump claimed that universal mail in ballots for the 2020 election will lead to widespread fraud He then suggested that the election should be delayed something that Trump lacked the power to do Trump s proposal came with widespread backlash from leaders across the political spectrum including from Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi who noted that only Congress could change the date of the election 206 207 and Senate Republicans who rarely criticized Trump 208 209 210 211 Later that day Trump said in a press conference that he does not want to see a delay in the election but repeated his claims about voter fraud 212 2020 election Attempt to overturn results Main articles 2021 United States Capitol attack and Attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election Donald J Trump Twitter realdonaldtrump The Vice President has the power to reject fraudulently chosen electors 5 January 2021 213 On January 5 2021 the day before Congress convened in joint session to count the electoral votes and formalize Biden s victory in the presidential election Trump falsely claimed on Twitter that Vice President Mike Pence had the power to toss out fraudulent electoral votes 214 On January 6 after a violent pro Trump mob stormed the Capitol and disrupted the counting of electoral votes Twitter declared that they had indefinitely locked Trump s account for repeated and severe violations of the site s Civic Integrity policy Locking meant that Trump could not post new tweets but meanwhile his existing tweets could still be viewed by the public Twitter Safety said that if Trump deleted three specific tweets a 12 hour waiting period would go into effect and then his account would be unlocked The tweets were immediately deleted 215 216 Overnight while Trump s account was still locked a message from him was posted to his assistant Dan Scavino s account In that message Trump promised an orderly transition on January 20th but also emphasized that I totally disagree with the outcome of the election and that this moment was only the beginning of our fight 217 Trump would only tweet three more times from his personal account His next tweet was on January 7 at 7 10 p m Eastern it was a brief video that was widely reported in the news as his concession speech In the video he acknowledged that a new administration would be sworn into office and that he would no longer be president 218 219 On January 8 at 9 46 a m Eastern he called the people who voted for him American Patriots assured they would have a GIANT VOICE and affirmed they would not tolerate disrespect 220 At 10 44 a m Eastern he tweeted I will not be going to the Inauguration on January 20th 221 Later that day Twitter permanently suspended Trump s account stating that Trump s continued tweeting was likely to inspire others to replicate the violent acts that took place on January 6 2021 and that there were multiple indicators that they are being received and understood as encouragement to do so 22 Other controversial tweets Covfefe Main article Covfefe Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump Despite the constant negative press covfefe May 30 2017 b The COVFEFE Act On May 31 2017 Trump sent a tweet that read in its entirety Despite the constant negative press covfefe It immediately went viral as an Internet meme and a source of jokes 222 223 It got over 127 000 retweets and 162 000 likes making it one of Trump s most popular tweets in months Six hours later Trump deleted it and issued a new tweet asking what people thought covfefe might mean 224 The Independent later speculated that covfefe was a typo for coverage 225 Off camera at a press briefing later the same day White House press secretary Sean Spicer explained that the president and a small group of people know exactly what he meant No further explanation was given during the briefing 226 Some reporters said that Spicer did not appear to be joking Conservative columnist Jonah Goldberg suggested in the National Review that Spicer feels compelled to protect the myth of Trumpian infallibility at all costs 227 The Atlantic s Megan Garber felt that Spicer s response further divided the White House from the public by unnecessarily creating a whiff of conspiracy around a likely typo 228 At The Washington Post Callum Borchers argued that Spicer s response had been deliberately obscure to distract the public from other controversies 229 Leonid Bershidsky writing for Bloomberg View compared the phenomenon to President Ronald Reagan s joke on a live microphone We begin bombing in five minutes 230 Bill Coffin of Compliance Week compared the two incidents In Reagan s case he immediately admitted the error and squashed it In Trump s case he sent a wrong message and then allowed it to sit for hours untended 231 About a year later on May 17 2018 Trump jokingly said I hear covfefe in response to the Yanny or Laurel meme 232 Comments on Sadiq Khan Mayor of London Sadiq Khan After the 2017 London Bridge attack Mayor of London Sadiq Khan condemned it and said that the city remains one of the safest in the world and there was no reason to be alarmed over the increased police presence around the city 233 234 The latter comment was taken out of context and criticized by Trump in a tweet At least 7 dead and 48 wounded in terror attack and Mayor of London says there is no reason to be alarmed 235 236 Trump s comments were described as a deliberate misrepresentation of Khan s remarks by Khan s spokesman 237 as well as by former U S vice president Al Gore Prime Minister Theresa May said that Sadiq Khan is doing a good job and it is wrong to say anything else 236 Conservative minister Penny Mordaunt and Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron also backed Khan Farron said Sadiq Khan has shown calm and dignified resolve in the face of these cowardly terrorist attacks He is more of a statesman than Donald Trump will ever be 238 Lewis Lukens the former US ambassador to the UK and the United States Conference of Mayors declared their support with Lukens commending Khan s strong leadership in leading London forward after the attack and also praising the extraordinary response from the law enforcement community 239 240 Trump tweeted the following day that the London Mayor was offering a pathetic excuse for his statement and alleging that the mainstream media were working hard to sell Khan s explanation 236 237 241 242 When asked about these comments following a vigil held near Tower Bridge Khan stated that he was busy dealing with the aftermath of the attack and declared that he has not got the time to respond to tweets from Donald Trump 242 Trump s sons Donald Trump Jr and Eric Trump defended his comments and claimed that Khan who worked along with the security services and held a vigil for victims of the attack was not doing enough to combat terrorism Trump Jr stated that Khan should stop attacking his father despite the fact that Khan did not respond to Trump s comments 243 Senator John McCain criticized the comments made by Trump stating that America was not showing leadership around the world 244 During the same discussion McCain also commented that the former president Barack Obama and his administration had offered better leadership He later partially retracted by stating that only certain different aspects were better during Obama s presidency but still stood by his criticism of Trump s social media views 245 246 Comments on Morning Joe hosts Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump I heard poorly rated Morning Joe speaks badly of me don t watch anymore Then how come low I Q Crazy Mika along with Psycho Joe came June 29 2017 247 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump to Mar a Lago 3 nights in a row around New Year s Eve and insisted on joining me She was bleeding badly from a face lift I said no June 29 2017 247 On June 29 2017 Trump tweeted about Morning Joe hosts Mika Brzezinski and Joe Scarborough who earlier in the day had talked about Trump on their show The tweets referred to the hosts as low I Q Crazy Mika along with Psycho Joe and claimed that Brzezinski tried to join Trump on New Year s Eve but was declined because she was bleeding from a facelift 248 The comments were quickly met with condemnation from both the left and the right Paul Ryan Speaker of the House stated Obviously I don t see that as an appropriate comment 248 Nancy Pelosi Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives stated that the tweet really saddens me because it is so beneath the dignity of the president of the United States to engage in such behavior 249 Maine Republican Senator Susan Collins tweeted This has to stop we all have a job 3 branches of gov t and media We don t have to get along but we must show respect and civility 249 Rebukes also came from Oklahoma Republican senator James Lankford New York Democratic representative Nita Lowey and Kansas Republican representative Lynn Jenkins 249 MSNBC stated It s a sad day for America when the president spends his time bullying lying and spewing petty personal attacks instead of doing his job 250 Aaron Blake of The Washington Post wrote an article titled Trump s very bad tweets about Mika Brzezinski are a microcosm of his struggling presidency 251 Seemingly in defense of Trump Melania Trump s spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham released the statement As the First Lady has stated publicly in the past when her husband gets attacked he will punch back 10 times harder 247 Sarah Huckabee Sanders stated Look I don t think that the president s ever been someone who gets attacked and doesn t push back This is a president who fights fire with fire and certainly will not be allowed to be bullied by liberal media and the liberal elites in Hollywood or anywhere else 252 On July 1 2017 Trump tweeted Crazy Joe Scarborough and dumb as a rock Mika are not bad people but their low rated show is dominated by their NBC bosses Too bad 253 After these tweets Trump s approval rating decreased from 40 to 37 according to a Gallup poll 56 However the RealClearPolitics average of polls showed his approval rating remained virtually unchanged in the same time period 254 Joe Scarborough smear Further information Veracity of statements by Donald Trump Joe Scarborough murder conspiracy theory and Mika Brzezinski Trump tweets Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump When will they open a Cold Case on the Psycho Joe Scarborough matter in Florida Did he get away with murder Some people think so Why did he leave Congress so quietly and quickly Isn t it obvious What s happening now A total nut job May 12 2020 255 Trump repeatedly used Twitter to smear Scarborough by falsely suggesting that he was involved in the 2001 death of Lori Klausutis who had been one of Scarborough s congressional aides 256 Klausutis died in Scarborough s district office in Fort Walton Beach Florida after she fainted and hit her head the medical examiner s autopsy revealed that she had had an undiagnosed heart condition that caused the death which occurred when Scarborough was in Washington and there was no evidence of any foul play 257 In 2017 Trump suggested that Scarborough to be fired based on the unsolved mystery that took place in Florida years ago and wrote Investigate 256 In a series of tweets in May 2020 Trump called Scarborough a psycho and again suggested that he had murdered Klausutis 257 256 255 Twitter refused to delete the tweet despite a request from Timothy Klausutis Lori s widower who in May 2020 wrote a letter to Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey subsequently published by The New York Times calling upon Twitter to remove Trump s tweets 257 255 Klausutis pointed out that an ordinary user like me would be banished from the platform for such a tweet and wrote These conspiracy theorists including most recently the President of the United States continue to spread their bile and misinformation on your platform disparaging the memory of my wife and our marriage the President of the United States has taken something that does not belong to him the memory of my dead wife and perverted it for perceived political gain 255 Trump s promotion of the debunked conspiracy drew rare rebukes from some Republican officials such as Adam Kinzinger Liz Cheney and Mitt Romney 258 259 as well as some conservative media outlets including The Wall Street Journal and the Washington Examiner 260 Attacks on federal judges officials departments and FBI As president Trump frequently tweeted personal attacks against federal judges who have ruled against him in court cases 261 262 263 In February 2017 Trump referred to U S district judge James Robart who had enjoined Trump s travel ban from taking effect as a so called judge and wrote If something happens blame him and court system People pouring in Bad 263 Legal experts expressed concerns that such comments undermined the federal judiciary and could undermine public confidence in an institution capable checking his power 262 In June 2017 Trump criticized his own United States Department of Justice for defending his watered down politically correct version of a travel ban which Trump signed in March 2017 in court rather than an initial version of the ban that Trump has signed in January 2017 and was later declared unconstitutional by federal courts 264 265 266 In January 2018 Trump tweeted that his Justice Department is part of the American deep state 267 In March 2018 Trump tweeted that there was tremendous leaking lying and corruption at the highest levels of the FBI Justice amp State Departments 268 Previously in December 2017 Trump tweeted that the FBI s reputation was at its worst ever after years under James Comey 269 In June 2017 Trump tweeted that Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein s investigation of Trump via a special counsel Robert Mueller was a witch hunt 270 In March 2018 Trump reiterated that the Mueller probe should never have been started and was a WITCH HUNT 271 Trump has tweeted disapproval of Attorney General Jeff Sessions on various occasions 272 273 274 275 276 In October 2017 Trump tweeted that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was wasting his time trying to negotiate with North Korean leader Kim Jong un 277 In March 2018 Trump fired Tillerson via a tweet 278 In February 2018 after National Security Advisor H R McMaster said there was incontrovertible evidence that Russia had interfered in the 2016 election Trump tweeted that McMaster forgot to say that the Russians had colluded with the Democrats and that the Russians had not impacted the election results 279 Comments on The Squad Further information Go back to where you came from On July 14 2019 Trump tweeted that certain Democratic congresswomen freshmen Representatives Alexandria Ocasio Cortez Rashida Tlaib Ayanna Pressley and Ilhan Omar an informal grouping known as The Squad all of whom have been critical of Trump should go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came rather than criticize the American government 280 281 Trump s tweet was widely described as racist 282 283 284 Ocasio Cortez Tlaib and Pressley are all native born citizens of the United States and Omar has been a naturalized citizen since 2000 Trump s go back Tweet was an example of false attribution of foreignness 285 286 House speaker Nancy Pelosi described Trump s tweets as xenophobic 280 281 Several Republican senators and representatives condemned Trump s tweets as xenophobic and not representative of the party s values and requested that he disavow them 287 Two days after Trump s tweet the House of Representatives voted 240 187 to condemn Trump s racist comments all Democrats voted to pass the resolution of condemnation but only 4 of the 197 House Republicans joined them 284 12 Many white nationalists white supremacists praised Trump s tweet 288 289 Commentators pointed out that during the campaign Trump had criticized America in far stronger terms than those now used by Squad members 290 Trump s remarks were condemned by many world leaders including Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau who said that the comments were hurtful wrong and completely unacceptable 291 German Chancellor Angela Merkel who expressed solidarity with the attacked women 292 and president of the European Council Donald Tusk sometimes if you feel that something is totally unacceptable you have to react despite business despite interests 291 Trump denied that his tweets were racist and did not apologize for his remarks saying at a White House press conference If somebody has a problem with our country if someone doesn t want to be in our country they should leave 293 In August 2019 Trump tweeted that Omar and Tlaib resolutely hate Israel amp all Jewish people and that Israel permitting them to visit the country would show great weakness Less than two hours later Israel blocked the entry of Omar and Tlaib which was a reversal from statements made in July 2019 by Israeli Ambassador to the United States Ron Dermer Spokesmen for Israeli ministers did not cite Trump as contributing to the blockage 294 Trump applauded Israel s decision while continuing his criticism of Omar and Tlaib he described them as the face of the Democrat Party and they HATE Israel 295 Retweeting Jeffrey Epstein conspiracy theory Further information Death of Jeffrey Epstein Homicide suspicions and conspiracy theories In August 2019 after the death of Jeffrey Epstein Trump retweeted a video from right wing comedian Terrence K Williams that baselessly accused the Clintons of murdering Epstein Trump s promotion of false conspiracy theories was condemned U S Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey then a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination warned that Trump s whipping people into anger could lead to violence 296 Trump defended the retweet calling Williams a highly respected conservative pundit and then repeated his suggestion that the Clintons might have murdered Epstein 256 297 Liberate tweets During the COVID 19 pandemic several people protested the lockdowns and demanded that states be reopened On April 17 President Trump tweeted calling for the liberation of Michigan Minnesota and Virginia in all caps The tweets were widely criticized and Liberate America soon trended on Twitter after Trump s remarks 298 299 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump LIBERATE MICHIGAN April 17 2020 300 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump LIBERATE MINNESOTA April 17 2020 301 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump LIBERATE VIRGINIA and save your great 2nd Amendment It is under siege April 17 2020 302 Retweeting unlicensed Linkin Park song In July 2020 Linkin Park issued a cease and desist letter to Donald Trump for retweeting a campaign video that featured an unlicensed song Twitter soon disabled the video 303 Calling Trending on Twitter section illegal On July 27 2020 President Trump criticized the Twitter Trending section for spreading trends that negatively portrayed him calling it really ridiculous illegal and of course very unfair 304 Many Twitter users condemned this tweet claiming that users were simply exercising First Amendment rights In response to the tweet TrumpleThinSkin and ThePresidentIsACrybaby became trending hashtags in the United States 305 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump So disgusting to watch Twitter s so called Trending where sooo many trends are about me and never a good one They look for anything they can find make it as bad as possible and blow it up trying to make it trend Really ridiculous illegal and of course very unfair July 27 2020 306 Tweets on illegal immigrants In an effort to press his campaign for the border wall between the U S and Mexico Trump repeatedly posted tweets seeking to paint a portrait of widespread criminal conduct by undocumented immigrants 307 His tweets on illegal immigration contained nonsensical 308 and exaggerated figures 307 and lacked significant context 307 For example in January 2019 Trump complained that the cost of illegal immigration for the four weeks of the year is 18 959 495 168 and that the at least 25 772 342 illegal aliens were in the U S neither claim was accurate and the administration did not respond to requests to explain these figures 308 In other tweets Trump exaggerated the percentage of federal prison immates who were unauthorized immigrants and the number of the illegal border crossings which had been declining for almost 20 years by the time Trump took office 307 Trump also seized upon high profile crimes committed by illegal immigrants such as Wilbur Ernesto Martinez Guzman 309 310 Gustavo Arriaga Perez 311 and Cristhian Bahena Rivera 312 Tweets about the American suburbs On July 23 2020 Trump tweeted that the suburban housewives of America must read an article from the New York Post claiming that his Democratic rival Joe Biden would destroy your neighborhood and the American dream if elected 313 Also in July 2020 the Trump administration had made changes to the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing implemented by the Obama administration This act mandated local communities to fix any prejudices regarding building low income housing before receiving federal funds Trump tweeted that people living their Suburban Lifestyle Dream would no longer be bothered by low income housing being built in their communities 314 Spread of COVID 19 misinformation Further information Misinformation related to the COVID 19 pandemic On October 5 2020 Trump tweeted that he would be leaving Walter Reed Army Medical Center 3 days after being admitted after testing positive for COVID 19 writing Don t be afraid of Covid Don t let it dominate your life We have developed under the Trump Administration some really great drugs amp knowledge I feel better than I did 20 years ago 315 316 Trump s tweet undermined public health messaging and encouraged followers to disregard recommendations to prevent the spread of COVID 19 316 Scientific medical public health and ethical experts pandemic survivors and the families those killed by COVID 19 expressed horror and dismay at Trump s attempt to downplay the COVID 19 pandemic in the United States 315 316 which at the time of Trump s tweet had killed at least 210 000 Americans 316 In Twitter and Facebook posts early the next morning Trump falsely claimed that seasonal flu was more lethal than COVID 19 Twitter placed a warning message over the tweet while Facebook deleted in entirely based on the sites policies against the spread of COVID 19 misinformation 317 318 Several hours later Trump reacted by tweeting REPEAL SECTION 230 a reference to Section 230 the section of U S law that immunizes technology companies from liability for moderation decisions 317 Tweets during first impeachment Trump made several controversial tweets during his impeachment inquiry first impeachment by the House December 2019 and first Senate trial and acquittal February 2020 Civil War tweet In a late September 2019 tweet Trump controversially quoted Texas pastor Robert Jeffress who stated that if Trump was removed from office it would cause a Civil War like fracture from which this country would never heal 319 His comments were criticized by Senator Kamala Harris Democrat of California who urged Twitter to suspend Trump s account 320 and Representative Adam Kinzinger Republican of Illinois who called it beyond repugnant 321 Harvard Law School professor John Coates argued that a sitting president threatening civil war if Congress exercises its constitutionally authorized power constituted an independent ground for impeachment 322 Mary B McCord of Georgetown University Law School a former Justice Department national security official said that armed militia movement groups were likely to take Trump s civil war tweets seriously 319 CivilWar2 trended on Twitter soon after Trump s tweet 323 Threats against Representative Adam Schiff and whistleblower Trump repeatedly used Twitter to attack and threaten U S Representative Adam Schiff the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee who led the investigation into the Trump Ukraine scandal and served as the lead House impeachment manager during Trump s Senate trial 324 325 In a September 30 2019 tweet Trump suggested that Schiff be arrested for treason 326 In a January 26 2020 tweet during his Senate trial Trump called Schiff a CORRUPT POLITICIAN and probably a very sick man who has not paid the price yet for what he has done to our Country 325 When asked about the apparent veiled threat on Meet the Press 327 Schiff said he believed that Trump intended to threaten him and said that Trump was a wrathful and vindictive president 325 who wants to at least give the suggestion that the retribution should be of a kind other than at the ballot box 328 Trump also repeatedly used Twitter to attack and threaten the whistleblower who submitted a report to the Intelligence Community inspector general about Trump s conduct Trump also used Twitter to spread conspiracy theories about the whistleblower 324 329 In December 2019 Trump retweeted a link to an unconfirmed Washington Examiner story that purported to identify the whistleblower although whistle blowers identifies are protected by federal law 330 331 Trump was criticized for this 330 331 Lynching tweet In late October 2019 Trump tweeted that the impeachment inquiry against him was a lynching and that he lacked due process or fairness or any legal rights The tweet and especially its racially charged language drew widespread backlash with Democrats condemning the remarks and some Republicans issuing mild criticism 332 333 House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy called it not the language I would use and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell called it an unfortunate choice of words 334 Some Republicans supported Trump s comparison to a lynching or defended his comments such as Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Congressman Jim Jordan of Ohio 335 336 Blocking of Twitter users Further information Knight First Amendment Institute v Trump The realDonaldTrump account has blocked an unknown number of Twitter accounts from viewing his Twitter feed including individuals such as Rosie O Donnell Anne Rice Chrissy Teigen Stephen King Bess Kalb Andy Signore Angelo Carusone Laura Packard and Daniel Dale and organizations such as VoteVets org 337 338 339 340 In July 2017 a lawsuit was brought by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York The plaintiffs were seven Twitter users Philip N Cohen Eugene Gu Holly Figueroa O Reilly Nicholas Pappas Joseph M Papp Rebecca Buckwalter Poza and Brandon Neely whose accounts had been blocked by Trump s personal Twitter account alleging that the realDonaldTrump account constitutes a public forum 341 The lawsuit argued that blocking access to the realDonaldTrump account is a violation of constitutional rights and a violation of the plaintiff s First Amendment rights 342 The lawsuit also named as defendants White House press secretary Sean Spicer and social media director Dan Scavino 343 344 In 2018 Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald ruled that the plaintiffs were indisputably blocked as a result of viewpoint discrimination that elements of realDonaldTrump constitute a public forum and that viewpoint discrimination in those elements that are public forums violated the First Amendment 345 After this ruling the 7 Twitter users that were a part of the lawsuit were unblocked 346 In August the Knight First Amendment Institute sent a letter to the U S Justice Department requesting that the President comply with the Judge s ruling and unblock a list of 41 additional Twitter users including Danny Zuker MoveOn activist Jordan Uhl health care activist Laura Packard and journalists like Alex Kotch and Jules Suzdaltsev 347 Those users were then unblocked by realDonaldTrump 348 In 2019 the Second Circuit upheld Buchwald s ruling stating that because Trump has conducted official government business over Twitter he cannot block Americans from the account based on viewpoint 349 In July 2020 The Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University sued Donald Trump again on behalf of users that were blocked before Trump s inauguration or who were not able to identify which tweet prompted Trump to block them 350 Trump petitioned the Supreme Court in August 2020 to hear his appeal of the Second Circuit s decision to uphold Judge Buchwald s opinion Trump s petition requested the Supreme Court to answer the question Whether the First Amendment deprives a government official of his right to control his personal Twitter account by blocking third party accounts if he uses that personal account in part to announce official actions and policies 351 Post election this case is still pending before the Supreme Court 352 Effects on litigation Trump s statements in tweets have been cited in court challenges against his actions as president his Twitter posts on Muslims have been significant in legal challenges to Executive Order 13769 which Trump has called a travel ban as courts have considered Trump s statements in their assessments of the motivations and purpose of the order 353 In 2017 Trump s tweets were cited by both the U S Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and the U S Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit which upheld rulings blocking Trump s executive order as unconstitutional In its opinion the Fourth Circuit cited the backdrop of public statements by the President and his advisers and representatives as evidence that the order drips with religious intolerance animus and discrimination the Ninth Circuit wrote that throughout these judicial proceedings the president has continued to make generalized often inflammatory statements about the Muslim faith and its adherents including through Tweets 354 Peter J Spiro a legal scholar at Temple University noted that Trump s November 2017 tweets of anti Muslim videos would almost certainly be cited by challengers to Trump s third version of a travel ban as evidence that the orders were unconstitutionally motivated by anti Muslim animus 355 Trump s tweets were also cited by the U S District Court for the District of Columbia in its ruling in Jane Doe v Trump issuing a preliminary injunction blocking Trump s ban on service by transgender people in the military from going into effect The court determined that Trump s sudden policy announcement on Twitter comment undermined his claim that the ban was motivated by genuine concern for military efficiency 356 357 358 The court wrote Trump abruptly announced via Twitter without any of the formality or deliberative processes that generally accompany the development and announcement of major policy changes that will gravely affect the lives of many Americans that all transgender individuals would be precluded from participating in the military in any capacity These circumstances provide additional support for Plaintiffs claim that the decision to exclude transgender individuals was not driven by genuine concerns regarding military efficacy 356 357 Effects on the stock market On December 22 2016 Trump posted Based on the tremendous cost and cost overruns of the Lockheed Martin F 35 I have asked Boeing to price out a comparable F 18 Super Hornet 359 After this post the stocks of Lockheed Martin dropped significantly and the stock price of Boeing increased slightly citation needed Another example is the on August 17 2017 post on Amazon Amazon is doing great damage to tax paying retailers Towns cities and states throughout the U S are being hurt many jobs being lost 360 Afterwards the market capitalization of Amazon declined by 6 billion 361 However there are also contrary examples The New York Times stock remained stable or even rose when Trump posted about failing The New York Times 362 On August 19 2020 President Trump called for a boycott for Goodyear Tires on Twitter after an image of a Goodyear employee training leaked displaying a slide showing that Black Lives Matter and LGBT gear are allowed to be worn however Blue Lives Matter and MAGA gear are not allowed to be worn Goodyear stock fell 6 shortly after the tweet In addition stocks from several of Goodyear s rivals such as Bridgestone gained value 363 Goodyear later released a statement stating that the Goodyear corporation did not create the slide and asked all employees to remain apolitical 364 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump Don t buy GOODYEAR TIRES They announced a BAN ON MAGA HATS Get better tires for far less This is what the Radical Left Democrats do Two can play the same game and we have to start playing it now August 19 2020 365 Deletion of tweets Further information CREW and National Security Archive v Trump and EOP While the National Archives and Records Administration has recommended archiving all social media postings to comply with the Presidential Records Act the Trump administration has deleted multiple public posts 366 In June 2017 the watchdog group CREW and the National Security Archive filed suit against Trump contending that deletion of tweets is the destruction of presidential records in violation of the Presidential Records Act of 1981 367 Following Alabama senator Luther Strange s loss to Justice Roy Moore in the September 2017 primary for the Senate special election Trump deleted at least two tweets previously posted in support of Strange 368 In November 2017 following criticism 369 from the office of the British Prime Minister regarding Trump s retweeting of several videos from far right British nationalist group Britain First see Britain First videos Trump tweeted at Twitter user theresamay while presumably intending to target theresa may Trump later deleted the original tweet 370 and sent a new tweet 371 targeting theresa may with the same content 372 Caution on tweets Under its civic integrity policy created in 2018 and expanded in May 2020 373 374 Twitter scrutinizes statements that may affect participation in democracy Twitter has invited certain nonprofits to flag problematic tweets in this subject area 375 Twitter also announced on May 11 that it would begin to flag misleading information 376 In November 2020 Twitter clarified that while it may choose to merely flag the offensive tweets of current world leaders and candidates for office when those people leave office and become private citizens again they will be treated like everyone else and their accounts can be suspended 377 Get the facts about mail in ballots Twitter placed a fact check advisory on Trump s tweets for the first time on May 26 2020 378 379 That morning in two tweets Trump alleged that mail in ballots would be substantially fraudulent resulting in a Rigged Election 380 381 Hours later Twitter placed an exclamation point icon on each of these tweets with the text Get the facts about mail in ballots linking to a page that said that Trump s allegations of fraud were unsubstantiated 382 This type of fact checking moderation had been introduced earlier in response to misinformation spread during the COVID 19 pandemic to help Twitter users get correct information and was the first time Twitter staff opted to use it on Trump s tweets 383 In response on May 28 Trump signed an executive order challenging the liability protections currently given to social media platforms 384 Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act sometimes referred to as the 26 words that created the internet treats social media companies as platforms rather than publishers and thereby reduces their responsibility for what their users say 385 386 Trump sought to increase the legal responsibility of social media companies for what their users say thereby exposing them to lawsuits Experts challenged the legality of many sections of the executive order as running afoul of the First Amendment as well as making demands of independent agencies of the United States government that are statutorily outside presidential control 387 Glorifying violence Twitter marked this tweet with a public interest notice deeming it as glorifying violence 388 Donald J Trump Twitter realDonaldTrump Replying to realDonaldTrump These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd and I won t let that happen Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way Any difficulty and we will assume control but when the looting starts the shooting starts Thank you May 29 2020 389 Protests broke out in Minneapolis and throughout the United States after the May 25 murder of George Floyd an African American man by Derek Chauvin a white Minneapolis police officer Trump in both Twitter and Facebook posts in the late evening on May 28 said he had talked to Minnesota governor Tim Walz about bringing the National Guard to help secure the city He said the government was prepared to assume control When the looting starts the shooting starts Trump warned using a phrase made infamous by Miami Police Chief Walter E Headley in 1967 that was believed to have inflamed violence in that city 389 390 391 Twitter decided to mark the tweet with a public interest notice deeming it as glorifying violence they acknowledged they could have removed the tweet entirely but maintained that it is important that the public still be able to see the Tweet given its relevance to ongoing matters of public importance 388 392 Facebook opted to take no action about the equivalent post made on its platform CEO Mark Zuckerberg said that this message and similar ones did not violate Facebook s acceptable use policies Journalists 393 and civil rights leaders 394 criticized the company s standards and Facebook employees staged a virtual walkout on June 1 to demand that management deal with Trump s posts 395 Several days later the White House Twitter account posted a series of videos falsely accusing antifa groups of placing bricks on sidewalks in order to instigate violence during the protests including one which falsely suggested a barrier situated outside a synagogue in Sherman Oaks California to prevent anti Semitic attacks had been placed on the street by terrorists 396 397 398 399 Trump also used Twitter to share a letter by his former legal advisor John M Dowd which described peaceful protesters in Washington D C as terrorists 400 401 402 A tweet posted by Trump s reelection campaign on June 5 2020 as well as posted to other social media sites in the wake of the Floyd protests had included a video with several segments of Trump speaking about Floyd s murder along with several other images Twitter was forced to remove the video after it had received a Digital Millennium Copyright Act DMCA takedown request for one of the images used in the video though it was unclear to journalists which image this was Trump called out the action as illegal in a following tweet but Jack Dorsey of Twitter reiterated that they had to follow the law of the DMCA in removing the video 403 Manipulated media On June 18 2020 Trump tweeted a satirical video with the CNN logo and the chyron caption Terrified todler sic runs from racist baby racist baby probably a Trump voter The implication was that news organizations unfairly malign white people and conservatives CNN had never run that caption Twitter applied a fact check advisory with the words manipulated media 404 Abusive behavior On June 23 2020 Trump tweeted that protesters will be met with serious force Twitter applied a warning that the comment violated the Twitter Rules about abusive behavior 405 Misleading health claims On August 23 2020 Trump tweeted that Mail Drop Boxes are not Covid sanitized He claimed that the Democratic Party was using mailboxes despite alleged voter security and fraud problems with postal voting he claimed that voting by mail enables a person to vote multiple times and he questioned who controls mailboxes Twitter applied a warning that the comment violated our Civic Integrity Policy for making misleading health claims that could potentially dissuade people from participation in voting 406 Misleading about an election Twitter applied a warning to over a third of Trump s tweets made between Election Night 2020 November 3 and his rival Joe Biden s victory speech November 7 stating some or all of the content shared in this Tweet is disputed and might be misleading about an election or other civic process Twitter then said it would no longer use this election specific flag given that the election had already been decided 407 Suspensions and deactivations See also Twitter suspensions 2017 Trump s personal Twitter account was deactivated for eleven minutes on November 2 2017 The official POTUS account remained online during the period that the personal account was taken offline The Twitter employee who deactivated the account was Bahtiyar Duysak who deactivated the account on his last day of work before returning to his home country of Germany 408 In a tweet the next day Trump referred to him as a rogue employee 409 410 Twitter responded by adding protection to Trump s account 411 2021 On January 6 2021 shortly after Trump uploaded a video message in which he repeated the false claims that the presidential election had been stolen the video was removed by Twitter Facebook and YouTube for violating site policies on civil integrity and election misinformation 412 Facebook executive Guy Rosen said the video was removed because it contributes to rather than diminishes the risk of ongoing violence 413 Twitter locked Trump s account for twelve hours and threatened a permanent suspension for repeated and severe violations of our Civic Integrity policy Twitter also required him to remove three of his tweets 414 415 He was warned his account would be terminated if he continued to make posts they deemed as inciting violence or spread conspiracy theories about election integrity false claims which were said to be fuelling the violence 416 His account was unlocked and he tweeted three more times from it Snapchat indefinitely suspended Trump s account on the platform the same day 417 while Shopify terminated shops that sold Trump campaign paraphernalia and merchandise from his personal TrumpStore brand 418 The following day Facebook and its platforms including Instagram announced they had banned Trump indefinitely at least until the end of his presidential term Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote The shocking events of the last 24 hours clearly demonstrate that President Donald Trump intends to use his remaining time in office to undermine the peaceful and lawful transition of power to his elected successor 419 On January 7 Twitch announced it had disabled Trump s channel on the platform 420 TikTok announced it would restrict videos of the Capitol attack and Trump s January 6 address other than those providing factual information criticism or journalistic value 421 Pinterest began limiting hashtags related to pro Trump topics such as StopTheSteal since around the November election 422 On January 12 YouTube announced that it had temporarily banned Trump s channel for seven days restricting it from uploading any new videos or live streams YouTube said the decision came after the president violated the platform s policies by posting content that incited violence All the previous content on the channel was removed YouTube also said that the ban could be extended 423 A Zignal Labs analysis determined that in the week after several social media sites Twitter Facebook Instagram Snapchat Twitch Spotify Shopify and others suspended Trump s and key allies accounts online misinformation about election fraud plunged 73 percent dropping from 2 5 million mentions to 688 000 mentions 27 Reactions to Trump s suspension Civil rights groups said that Trump s Twitter and Facebook bans were long overdue and that social media companies had excessively delayed in taking steps to counter political violence 424 The co CEO of the civil rights and advocacy group Free Press said the bans were a day late and a dollar short but welcomed the move 425 Many Democratic officials welcomed the ban 425 Yael Eisenstat a former CIA officer who previously worked on election policy at Facebook said I m not going to applaud the move now when it is politically the most obvious easy and let s be frank good business decision Inciting your followers to engage in insurrection is a high form of treason and allowing your platform to be used for that purpose makes you complicit 425 The ban was also criticised by many US officials supportive of Trump with Republican senator Ted Cruz stating the ban was absurd and profoundly dangerous and former United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley likening the ban to political censorship in China 426 427 A survey of Americans taken after the Capitol attack and Twitter s permanent suspension of Trump s account showed that 61 agreed with the decision to ban Trump while 39 were opposed 428 Support was sharply split by party 80 of Democrats 59 of independents and 36 of Republicans supported the ban 428 Of those surveyed 58 agreed with the statement President Trump s actions this week were dangerous and removing him from Twitter was the correct thing to do while 42 agreed with the statement I am concerned that Twitter permanently suspending President Trump sets a dangerous precedent with technology companies censoring free speech and government officials 428 Some foreign leaders criticized Twitter s ban of Trump 429 A spokesman for German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Twitter was correct to flag false statements in Trump s posts but that she viewed the permanent suspension as problematic due to her view that restrictions on the right to freedom of opinion should be decided by governments rather than private companies 430 Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador blasted the decision to ban Trump saying that he favored prohibiting private companies from banning government officials and had directed officials to explore the possibility of creating a Mexican state run social network Lopez Obrador compared such action by websites to the Spanish Inquisition while Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said that Poland s conservative government planned to introduce a bill to limit how social media companies could moderate content 429 However Margrethe Vestager the Executive Vice President of the European Commission for A Europe Fit for the Digital Age suggested that the bans were justifiable saying This is of course the most extreme of extreme situations that the president of the United States is inciting people to go toward Congress So I completely accept that this is an extreme situation and lines have been crossed 429 According to the South China Morning Post Chinese state media commentators and academics have also criticized Trump being banned from social media platforms calling the bans a cautionary tale of social media platforms wielding too much power and have also claimed that the ban hypocritically goes against US advocacy of free speech 431 Satire and memes In June 2017 the satirical news program The Daily Show and its network Comedy Central set up a temporary museum space on West 57th Street next to Trump Tower in Manhattan that was dedicated to Trump s tweets 432 433 In January 2019 Trump served hamburgers from McDonald s to the Clemson Tigers champion football team due to the White House s catering staff being furloughed during the federal government shutdown of 2018 2019 434 His misspelling on Twitter of hamburger as hamberder was ridiculed on the internet 435 It soon became a meme as well and was parodied on Saturday Night Live with Trump played by Alec Baldwin competing for hamberders on the Deal or No Deal game show 436 Archival In June 2017 Democratic U S Representative Mike Quigley filed legislation in the United States House of Representatives titled the Communications Over Various Feeds Electronically for Engagement COVFEFE Act H R 2883 to Presidential Records Act to cover social media thus requiring tweets and other social media posts by the U S president to be preserved under law and stored by the National Archives The bill did not advance in committee and died at the end of the 115th Congress 437 438 439 Reactions and analysis Some commentators view Trump s tweets as having either the purpose or effect of distracting from issues 440 Such tweets are sometimes described as shiny objects intended to divert attention from other news 441 442 Dan Mahaffee of the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress opined that Trump s tweets distracted from pressing national issues writing that to dismiss Trump s tweets as intemperate outbursts or merely stream of consciousness responses to current events would thus greatly underestimate their impact and reach and opining that Trump s tweets elevated the trivial at the expense of the consequential 443 Financial Times columnist Courtney Weaver viewed Trump s Twitter attacks against NFL players kneeling during the national anthem as weapons of mass distraction that diverted attention from the humanitarian crisis in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria and wrote that The more time that is spent discussing the president s latest stand off with the NFL the less time is spent discussing the Republicans latest failed efforts to repeal and replace Obamacare and other administration shortcomings 444 Analyst Philip Bump of The Washington Post views Trump s Tweets as attempts to distract in times of unfavorable news related to the investigation by special counsel Robert S Mueller III 445 A 2020 study published in Nature Communications assessed Trump s tweets in the context of agenda setting theory analyzing the hypothesis that Trump uses tweets strategically to divert the attention of the media and the public from issues and topics he considers to be potentially threatening or harmful to him 446 The research found that increased media coverage of Russian interference in the 2016 election and the Mueller investigation was immediately followed by Trump tweeting increasingly about unrelated issues which led to a reduction in coverage of the Mueller investigation this provides support for the diversionary hypothesis 446 The research found that this pattern was absent in placebo analyses involving Brexit coverage and several other topics that do not present a political risk to the president and that the finding was robust to the inclusion of numerous control variables and examination of several alternative explanations although the generality of the successful diversion must be established by further investigation 446 Essayist Frank Rich of New York magazine argued in 2017 that Trump s tweets are not purely distractions but rather 1 are frequently news in themselves 2 indicate a heightened instability within the Trump administration and 3 are not aimed at news consumers but rather are intended to rally his base of supporters 447 In a February 2021 analysis Michael Humphrey a journalism and communications professor at Colorado State University wrote that Trump s tweets were characterized by an emphasis on storytelling and re scripting the world and were based on five themes The true version of the United States is beset with invaders Real Americans can see this I Trump am uniquely qualified to stop this invasion The establishment and its agents are hindering me and The U S is in mortal danger because of this 448 Because these elements were flexible the establishment and the invaders could be anyone 448 Trump s tweets were also marked by contradiction for example he depicted China variously as a partner and then a foe 448 SuspendThePres SuspendThePres also known as Will They Suspend Me is a Twitter account created by Bizzare Lazar 449 450 The account re posted every tweet by Donald Trump The account was suspended and flagged multiple times There is also a SuspendThePres account on Facebook 451 The Twitter account was created back in 2015 but only started posting on May 29 2020 452 The Facebook account was created on June 4 453 Less than three days after the Twitter account started it was suspended for 12 hours 454 455 The account was suspended a second time for another 12 hours One of the posts on the Facebook account was censored but later restored 456 457 Permanent suspension See also Social media censorship controversy Twitter Safety Twitter TwitterSafety After close review of recent Tweets from the realDonaldTrump account and the context around them we have permanently suspended the account due to the risk of further incitement of violence January 8 2021 458 Twitter indefinitely banned Trump from Twitter 27 on January 8 2021 at 6 21 p m EST 23 459 460 According to Twitter Trump was suspended due to the risk of further incitement of violence from his tweets writing that specific tweets by Trump that are likely to inspire others to replicate the violent acts that took place on January 6 2021 and that there are multiple indicators that they are being received and understood as encouragement to do so 461 The company also noted that Plans for future armed protests have already begun proliferating on and off Twitter including a proposed secondary attack on the US Capitol and state capitol buildings on January 17 2021 461 Twitter s decision came after his account had been locked for 12 hour intervals twice and after he had had three of his tweets removed during the 2021 United States Capitol attack 462 The suspension caused Trump to lose over 88 million followers 24 In his final tweet before the permanent ban Trump announced that he would not attend the inauguration of Joe Biden on January 20 2021 463 Twitter said it would not ban government accounts like POTUS or WhiteHouse but would take action to limit their use 461 the company said that sock puppet accounts created for Trump in an attempt to evade the ban would be permanently suspended at first detection 464 465 Trump attempted to circumvent the ban by using the POTUS account on January 8 but the posts were deleted within minutes of them 466 Trump also tried to circumvent the suspension by posting a statement on his official campaign Twitter account TeamTrump in which he complained about Twitter s suspension and accused the social media platform without evidence of colluding in a conspiracy with the Democratic Party and the Radical Left to get him banned while repeating the rhetoric that first got him banned from his main Twitter account 24 467 This account was also suspended after the statement from Trump was posted 24 467 Twitter also suspended Trump campaign digital director Gary Coby s account after he forwarded his account information to Trump s deputy chief of staff Dan Scavino in an attempt to transfer it for Trump s use 464 On January 14 Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey defended banning Trump but also said it sets a precedent I feel is dangerous 468 On January 20 2021 shortly before noon the POTUS account was transferred to Biden as planned and the follower count of POTUS was reset 469 On February 10 2021 Twitter CFO Ned Segal said in an interview with CNN that the ban of the Twitter account is permanent even if Trump runs for office again 470 In March 2021 the chief executive officers of Alphabet Twitter and Facebook were announced to appear before a House panel to be questioned about social media platforms involvement in the U S Capitol attack and their following decision to remove or ban Trump from their platforms The hearing will place Section 230 into question a law which some policy makers both Democratic and Republican want to change concerned that it gives large technology companies too much power in determining what information is allowed on their platforms 471 472 473 On May 6 2021 Twitter suspended the account named From the desk of Donald J Trump also the name of a blog started by Trump the same week While it was not confirmed that Trump himself started the account Twitter ruled it a ban evasion 474 On July 7 2021 Trump filed a class action lawsuit against Twitter and its CEO 475 On October 1 2021 Trump requested a preliminary injunction to force Twitter to reinstate his account 476 Other social media platformsFacebook and Instagram Banned from both platforms Once a prolific user Donald Trump has been blocked from posting new content to Facebook and Instagram since January 6 2021 That day amidst an attack at the Capitol while Congress was counting the electoral votes Trump posted a short video Facebook removed it and blocked Trump s ability to post new content to both platforms Facebook s vice president of integrity Guy Rosen explained that the video contributes to rather than diminishes the risk of ongoing violence YouTube also removed the same video Twitter at first disabled comments later the Tweet was deleted 477 The next day Facebook said the block would remain at least until the end of Trump s term on January 20 478 On May 5 2021 after considering whether to reinstate Trump s account Facebook s Oversight Board upheld Trump s suspensions on Facebook and Instagram but instructed Facebook Inc to reassess the indefinite ban within six months stating that it is not permissible for Facebook to keep a user off the platform for an undefined period with no criteria for when or whether the account will be restored 479 One month later Facebook decided to extend Trump s ban to two years as his actions merit the highest penalty available under the new enforcement protocols and reconsider his case no earlier than January 2023 480 21 On July 7 2021 Trump filed a class action lawsuit against Facebook Google and Twitter asserting they had engaged in illegal shameful censorship of the American people Legal experts said the suit had little chance of success 481 Facebook During his 2016 campaign Trump posted a number of ads on his Facebook page attacking Hillary Clinton The ads included parodies of Pokemon Go 482 and Ms Pac Man 483 portraying Hillary Clinton as a Pokemon and as Ms Pac Man Trump was charged less per ad than Clinton was Wired claimed 484 but Facebook countered that Trump had been charged more 485 Trump also used the platform to issue an apology for the Access Hollywood tape 486 As president he was criticized for posting a news story about a purported Kuwaiti travel ban similar to Executive Order 13769 487 Kuwait s foreign minister confirmed that no such ban existed 488 In 2017 Facebook briefed the House and Senate committees in their investigations of Russian interference in the U S election At the hearings Facebook revealed that accounts linked to the Russian government had bought approximately 100 000 of Facebook advertisements during the election campaign 489 In response Trump criticized Facebook in a series of tweets on September 27 2017 Facebook was always anti Trump he said simultaneously extending the same criticism to the Networks The New York Times and The Washington Post 490 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg posted a statement to Facebook Trump says Facebook is against him Liberals say we helped Trump Both sides are upset about ideas and content they don t like That s what running a platform for all ideas looks like 491 492 A large Facebook group called Stop the Steal was dedicated to the idea that the November 2020 election was stolen from Trump by some type of fraud Two days after the election Facebook banned the group and its hashtags 493 Instagram Trump initially used his personal account on Instagram realDonaldTrump primarily to share personal pictures including images of himself with his grandchildren 494 495 In September 2015 then with approximately 377 thousand followers 494 he used the platform to release a political advertisement This ad Act of Love attacked primary opponent Jeb Bush on the topic of immigration Along with Bush s responses it demonstrated that Instagram could be a political tool rather than merely a personal photo sharing application 494 Trump also used the platform to contribute to the controversy regarding the 2016 film Ghostbusters by posting a video criticizing the all female cast In response director Paul Feig claimed that Trump supporters were responsible for some of the internet hate directed at the film 496 When Trump became president his personal account had grown to over 5 million followers 495 He also assumed control of an official account whitehouse where he posted pictures from his inauguration 495 At that time it was expected that the official account would primarily feature the work of the Chief Official White House Photographer once one was selected 495 however Shealah Craighead has contributed relatively little especially in comparison to Pete Souza s work during the Obama administration 497 Reddit On July 27 2016 Trump took part in an Ask Me Anything AMA where he responded to user submitted questions from Reddit s r The Donald community He offered replies on topics that varied from media bias and voter fraud to NASA including a question about H 1B visas posed by far right 498 media personality Milo Yiannopoulos 499 500 Trump also posted several pre debate messages on the subreddit 501 502 YouTube From 2011 until 2013 or 2014 Trump created over 80 installments of a vlog on YouTube called From the Desk of Donald Trump c In it he discussed a variety of topics ranging from serious issues such as the Libyan Civil War Obamacare and the American job market to less weighty matters including the Vanity Fair Oscar party and his dislike of Mike McGlone s Rhetorical Questions advertisements for GEICO 503 504 In several installments he speculated on a possible presidential candidacy in 2012 that never came to pass 503 but many of the themes featured in the vlog were part of his successful campaign in 2016 504 By June 2017 most of these videos were no longer available on YouTube under Trump s account 505 better source needed Trump s YouTube account was suspended for policy violations for at least seven days on January 13 2021 following the attack at the United States Capitol for this period it was no longer possible for new videos to be uploaded to the site 506 On January 26 2021 YouTube extended the ban stating In light of concerns about the ongoing potential for violence the Donald J Trump channel will remain suspended Our teams are staying vigilant and closely monitoring for any new developments 507 On March 4 2021 YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki stated that YouTube will lift the suspension on Donald Trump s channel when the risk of violence has decreased 508 On July 7 2021 Trump filed a class action lawsuit against YouTube and its CEO 475 Snapchat On June 3 2020 Snapchat announced that it would no longer promote Trump s account on its Discover page which curates stories from celebrities and politicians This followed the President s sharing of his controversial June 1 photo outside St John s Church to which he had walked after peaceful protesters in Lafayette Square were tear gassed to make way for him He had also shared screenshots of several tweets 509 Three days earlier co founder and CEO Evan Spiegel had sent a company memo stating that we simply cannot promote accounts in America that are linked to people who incite racial violence whether they do so on or off our platform 510 On January 6 2021 following the attack at the United States Capitol Snapchat locked Trump s account 511 The company announced on January 13 2021 that it would keep his account blocked permanently 512 Twitch Trump has a Twitch account used primarily to broadcast his rallies On June 29 2020 his account was temporarily banned Twitch stated the ban was made because of violations in their rules against hate speech They pointed out an incident in 2016 where Trump made comments about rapists drug dealers and criminals coming to America from Mexico and an incident in his rally in Tulsa Oklahoma in 2020 where he told a fictional story of a tough hombre breaking into someone s home as proof of these violations 513 514 515 This ban was lifted 2 weeks later On January 7 2021 Trump s Twitch account was disabled indefinitely This was done in response to Trump s alleged incitement of the Capitol attack While his profile and archived videos are still viewable he will not be able to stream as long as his account is disabled 516 Triller In August 2020 Trump joined Triller and was immediately verified and promoted on the app 517 518 His action was interpreted by many as a move against TikTok a Chinese competitor of Triller s 519 517 Trump had previously threatened to ban TikTok 520 521 Parler Parler a social media platform that launched in 2018 attracted supporters of Donald Trump from its beginning The Trump campaign has a Parler account although Trump himself does not have a personal account as of early January 2021 522 Other Parler users include Trump s former campaign director Brad Parscale Trump s son Eric Trump Senator Ted Cruz and White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany 523 After Facebook banned the Stop the Steal group several days after the November 2020 election 524 many of those people moved to Parler 525 There had been speculation that Donald Trump might move to Parler although the platform remained relatively small compared to the Twitter platform he was accustomed to 526 On January 13 2021 CNN reported that Trump s son in law Jared Kushner had prevented Trump s officials from giving Trump a presence on Parler and Gab after Trump was suspended on Twitter and other major social media platforms 527 Gab In early February 2021 multiple media outlets falsely reported that former President Trump had joined Gab under the handle realdonaldtrump 528 529 530 531 The Independent speculated that confusion arose from the presence of a blue check mark indicating the account was verified and Vice News speculated that the bio of the account which read 45th President of the United States of America Uncensored posts from the realDonaldTrump Feed had also caused confusion 529 530 The Gab post that was mistaken to be from Trump was actually from Gab CEO Andrew Torba and featured a copy of a genuine letter sent by Trump s lawyers to Democratic Representative Jamie Raskin who had called on Trump to testify at his second impeachment hearing 528 529 531 Thousands of users on Gab including QAnon influencers were also led to believe after the post was made that Trump had joined the platform under the handle 530 531 Torba responded to the false reports in a post on Gab saying that realdonaldtrump is and always has been a mirror archive of POTUS tweets and statements that we ve run for years We ve always been transparent about this and would obviously let people know if the President starts using it 528 529 He also criticized the media outlets that falsely reported that Trump had joined the platform 528 Also in response to the false reports the realdonaldtrump Gab account made a post that was pinned saying that the account is reserved for Trump and urged users of Gab to send messages to Trump asking him to join the platform 531 Rumble On June 26 2021 Trump joined video hosting platform Rumble in preparation of recording his Ohio rally 532 Gettr A new platform called Gettr was launched on July 4 2021 with Trump s advisor Miller as CEO Trump was reportedly not involved in Gettr though Miller hoped he would join the platform 533 534 Trump s own social media networksShortly after Trump left office he quietly incorporated Trump Media and Technology Group in February 2021 a company that had no significant funding 535 On March 21 Trump posted a statement on his new website 45office com which was liked and shared hundreds of thousands of times on Facebook and Twitter That same day Trump advisor Jason Miller claimed on Fox News that Trump would be returning to social media in probably about two or three months by founding a new network that would completely redefine the game He said he expected tens of millions of users 536 537 538 On October 20 2021 Trump Media and Technology Group obtained hundreds of millions of dollars in funding by agreeing to merge with Digital World Acquisition and the anticipated creation of a social media app called Truth Social was announced that same day 535 45office com On March 21 2021 Trump posted a statement about the U S Mexico border to his website 45office com that was liked and shared more than 661 000 times on Facebook and Twitter although he himself was already banned from those platforms 539 The existence of the website 45office com was formally announced a week later on March 29 540 It includes a biography and photos of Trump and his wife Visitors can make requests for personalized greetings or attendance at an event 541 The site centers around a history of Donald Trump s presidency that doesn t make any mention of two impeachments of any COVID 19 death toll of the economic crash that followed the pandemic or of the Capitol attack that marked the end of his term 542 From the Desk of Donald J Trump On May 4 2021 Trump launched a new web page From the Desk of Donald J Trump 543 on the site of his Save America political action committee DonaldJTrump com 544 where he was posting messages under 280 characters that visitors could share to Facebook or Twitter platforms that had banned Trump from having his own accounts there Although the site claimed to be a communications platform where his supporters could freely and safely speak there was no way for users to post any content of their own nor to reply to Trump s posts 543 The day the blog launched it had 159 000 social media interactions on the second day less than one fifth that amount and on subsequent days at least for the next two weeks it never reached 10 of the interaction of its first day 545 According to an estimate by The Washington Post in mid May Trump s website including his new blog fundraising page and online storefront attracted fewer estimated visitors than the pet adoption service Petfinder and the recipe site Delish 546 The site was permanently closed less than a month after its launch 547 Truth Social Main article Truth Social On October 20 2021 it was announced that Trump would be launching a new social media website called Truth Social 548 549 It is to be run by Trump Media amp Technology Group a company incorporated in February 2021 and which on October 20 2021 made a deal to merge with a special purpose acquisition company Digital World Acquisition that will fund it The Republican National Committee sent an email the next day asking supporters to join Truth Social 535 The platform was slated to enter limited beta in November 2021 on iOS via Apple s App Store before a full public launch in 2022 550 551 On the Chinese internetHistorically in Chinese publications Trump was known as Chuanpǔ Chinese 川普 based on the pronunciation of his surname while recent when official publications use Telǎngpǔ 特朗普 Users on the Chinese internet refer to Trump as Chuanpǔ instead of Telǎngpǔ and or various parody nicknames Ji Siqi of the South China Morning Post wrote that the informal use is because Chuanpǔ just has two characters so it s easier to say or type 552 Trump s assertion of his understanding of COVID 19 resulted in the nickname Dǒng Wang Chinese 懂王 pinyin Dǒng Wang lit king of knowledge A perception that Trump is harming the United States to the benefit of China gave him the nickname Chuan Jianguo 川建国 川建國 meaning Trump Building Country with the country being China Additionally he is known as Chuan Bǎo 川宝 川寳 Trump the Baby which Ji Siqi compared to the insult Orange Baby 552 Another nickname referring to the Chinese perception of Trump being an authoritarian which Ji Siqi states contradicts American democracy as perceived by Chinese people is Chuan Huang 川皇 Trump the Emperor and Da Tǒnglǐng 大统领 大統領 Great Commander 552 The perception of Trump being in Ji Siqi s words an avaricious businessman running the United States as a company resulted in the name Chuan Zǒng 川总 川總 Trump the Boss 552 The in Ji Siqi s words very frequent flip flops resulted in Te Meipǔ 特没谱 with mei being no therefore the literal meaning of Te Meipu is very capricious 552 According to the South China Morning Post reactions to Trump s permanent Twitter suspension on the Chinese internet were mixed Many were shocked that U S social media platforms had the audacity to silence the country s president Some supported Trump s suspension while others were sympathetic towards Trump due to also being banned off of social media platforms 431 See also United States portal Politics portal Internet portal Barack Obama on social media Fake news History of communication by presidents of the United States List of Internet phenomena List of most followed Twitter accounts List of nicknames used by Donald Trump Microtargeting Social media in the 2016 United States presidential election Social media use in politics Trump administration communication during the COVID 19 pandemic Trump derangement syndrome Twitter diplomacy Use of Twitter by public figures Veracity of statements by Donald Trump Volfefe index 1600 DailyNotes a b The original tweets about wiretapping are in chronological order Trump Donald J realDonaldTrump March 4 2017 Terrible Just found out that Obama had my wires tapped in Trump Tower just before the victory Nothing found This is McCarthyism Tweet Archived from the original on January 7 2021 Retrieved March 21 2017 via Twitter Trump Donald J realDonaldTrump March 4 2017 Is it legal for a sitting President to be wire tapping a race for president prior to an election Turned down by court earlier A NEW LOW Tweet Archived from the original on January 7 2021 Retrieved March 21 2017 via Twitter Trump Donald J realDonaldTrump March 4 2017 I d bet a good lawyer could make a great case out of the fact that President Obama was tapping my phones in October just prior to Election Tweet Archived from the original on January 7 2021 Retrieved March 21 2017 via Twitter Trump Donald J realDonaldTrump March 4 2017 How low has President Obama gone to tapp my phones during the very sacred election process This is Nixon Watergate Bad or 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Again Promotes Far Right Commentator Who Once Called Migrants Cockroaches HuffPost Colson Adam Payne Thomas August 3 2019 Trump regularly retweets Katie Hopkins and called her respectable in reality she is a marginal figure who called migrants cockroaches and once claimed to be the new Jesus Business Insider Australia Mahtani Melissa June 19 2020 Twitter permanently suspends account of controversial British columnist Katie Hopkins CNN Retrieved June 20 2020 a b c d e f Blake Aaron May 29 2020 The only good Democrat is a dead Democrat The Washington Post Retrieved July 30 2020 When the looting starts the shooting starts Twice in 25 hours Trump tweets conspicuous allusions to violence a b Jason Silverstein Trump shares video of supporter saying the only good Democrat is a dead Democrat CBS News May 28 2020 Donald J Trump realDonaldTrump June 9 2020 Buffalo protester shoved by Police could be an ANTIFA provocateur 75 year old Martin Gugino was pushed away after appearing to scan police communications in order to black out the equipment OANN I watched he fell harder than was pushed Was aiming scanner Could be a set up Tweet Archived from the original on January 4 2021 via Twitter President Trump tweets antifa conspiracy theory that originated on anonymous blog NBC News Retrieved June 9 2020 Kessler Glenn Trump tweets outrageous conspiracy theory about injured Buffalo man The Washington Post Retrieved June 9 2020 Jordyn Phelps amp Libby Cathey Trump tweets conspiracy theory about Buffalo protester police officers knocked to ground ABC News Retrieved June 9 2020 CS1 maint uses authors parameter link a b Goodman Jack June 9 2020 Martin Gugino Donald Trump s police scanner tweet fact checked BBC Reality Check Retrieved June 10 2020 a b Cillizza Chris June 9 2020 Donald Trump s deeply irresponsible conspiracy theory on the Buffalo man injured by police CNN Retrieved June 16 2020 a b c Colvin Jill Thompson Carolyn June 10 2020 Trump pushes conspiracy theory about Buffalo 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