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Society of Saint Francis

The Society of Saint Francis (SSF) is an international Franciscan religious order within the Anglican Communion. It is the main recognised Anglican Franciscan order, but there are also other Franciscan orders in the Anglican Communion.

Glasshampton Monastery, England

The Society of Saint Francis comprises the Brothers of the First Order; the Sisters of the First Order; the Sisters of the Second Order; the Brothers and Sisters of the Third Order. Francis of Assisi and Clare of Assisi, the founders of the Franciscan movement produced separate rules for three parallel orders – the First Order were to be mendicant friars, embracing poverty as a gift from God and living the community life in the world and serving the poor. The Second Order were to be a parallel community of sisters living a more enclosed life of prayer and contemplation. The Third Order was to consist of brothers and sisters not living in community, nor under full monastic vows, but nevertheless taking simple promises and following a rule of life in the world. These three orders still co-exist as parts of the Franciscan family.

Within Anglicanism, the Brothers of the First Order are called the Society of Saint Francis (SSF); the Sisters of the First Order are called the Community of Saint Francis (CSF); the members of the Second Order are called the Community of Saint Clare (OSC); and the Brothers and Sisters of the Third Order are called the Third Order of the Society of Saint Francis (TSSF).

Contents

During the English Reformation all religious orders, including Franciscans, were banished from Britain. Not until the mid-nineteenth century were the first sisterhoods refounded in the Church of England, in response to the social needs of the time. Then came a revival of interest in Francis. The Community of St Francis (CSF) was founded in 1905 with sisters living in poverty and working in the East End of London.

The Friary of St Francis, Hilfield

Shortly after World War I, the Revd Douglas Downes, an economics don at Oxford University, and a few friends gave practical expression to their sympathy with and concern for victims of the depression by going out onto the roads and sharing the life of the homeless men and boys, looking for work from town to town. In 1921, a Dorset landowner, Lord Sandwich, offered a small farm property (now Hilfield Friary), and here the group of friends was able to offer shelter to the exhausted wayfarers and others in temporary need of help.

Towards the end of the 1920s a number of religious groups had formed with a Franciscan Charism and to bear witness to the extreme poverty in England at the time. In 1934, Father Algy Robertson who had a clearer idea of forming a religious order, having been part of the Christa Seva Sangha in India and England, joined Brother Douglas (as he liked to be called). Together they held meetings with Father George Potter, who was vicar of the south London St Chrysostom’s Church, Hill Street in Peckham. He had spent his time, since 1923, devoting himself to the lives of ordinary people and for the betterment of impoverished boys by creating the Brotherhood of the Holy Cross. After some wrangling and discussions between the three men, the Rule and Constitution of the Society of St Francis was read in June 1936, and they agreed to remove the individual names of the brotherhoods, to form a single union.

Gradually the little community took shape, modelling itself more consciously on the Franciscan tradition of prayer and study, as well as working with the poor. It started to look like a religious order in formal sense, with habits, a chapel, and regular worship. The Society of Saint Francis came into being, on the 9 October 1936, followed by the Third Order in the same year. The Second Order was created in 1950 with the establishment of the Community of Saint Clare in Freeland, Witney.

Before long, invitations came to establish centres in other places and at the start of World War II, there were houses in south London and Cambridge. After the war other centres were opened in Britain. Establishments overseas followed and the Society now has friaries in the United States, Brazil, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Costa Rica, and the Solomon Islands. Other communities were made in (Germany), Italy, Africa and the West Indies.

The Daily Office, SSF's office book, was among the first to be fully updated with the Common Worship lectionary, so was used in the wider Anglican Communion. It provided the model for Morning and Evening Prayer in Common Worship. The creation of the office book is due to the dedication of the late Br Tristam SSF, and the revision editors: Br Colin Wilfred SSF, and Sr Joyce CSF.

Each part of the order is under the leadership of a minister general, currently Br Christopher John SSF (elected in 2017) for the First Order brothers, Sr Sue Berry CSF (elected in 2020) for the First Order sisters, and John Hebenton TSSF (elected in 2017) for the Third Order brothers and sisters. Under the minister general the order is divided into provinces, each governed by a minister provincial. The Second Order, being enclosed, elect an abbess, and are currently active only in the United Kingdom. In 2012 the membership stood at approximately 200 members in community (combined First and Second Orders) and 3,000 dispersed members (Third Order).

First Order: SSF

European Province

The European Province currently has the following houses of the order:

Province of the Americas

The American Province currently has the following houses of the order:

  • San Francisco, California
  • Los Angeles, California

Province of Divine Compassion

The Divine Compassion Province, which covers Australia, New Zealand and Korea, has the following houses of the order:

  • Stroud, New South Wales
  • Brisbane, Queensland
  • Chuncheon, Korea
  • Matale, Sri Lanka
  • Hamilton, New Zealand – The Friary at Hamilton closed towards the end of 2016 bringing to an end after almost 50 years and the First Order's presence in NZ. (Anglican Communion News Service, 8 June 2016)

Province of the Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands Province has the following houses of the order:

  • Honiara, Guadalcanal (Patteson House)
  • Honiara, Guadalcanal (Little Portion)
  • Honiara, Guadalcanal (St Bonaventure Friary)
  • Honiara, Guadalcanal (Michael Davis Friary)
  • Auki, Malaita
  • Kira Kira, Makira Ulawa
  • Lata, Temotu

Papua New Guinea Province

The Papua New Guinea Province has the following houses of the order:

  • Popondetta, Oro (St Mary of the Angels Friary)
  • Popondetta, Oro (Geoffrey's Friary)
  • Popondetta, Oro (Martyrs' House)
  • Port Moresby
  • Alotau, Milne Bay

First Order: CSF

European Province

The European Province currently has the following houses of the order:

American Province

The American Province, established in 1974, is currently located in a single house:

  • San Francisco, California.

Korea

The semi-autonomous mission in Korea is not yet large enough to achieve provincial status, and the single convent at Gumi is part of the European Province, and under the authority of the European Minister Provincial.

Second Order

Third Order

The Society of St Francis includes an order of tertiaries, lay or ordained individuals who have taken vows and are followers of a version of the Franciscan rule but do not normally live together in community.

The Third Order, Society of St. Francis (TSSF), was founded in 1936. TSSF consists of men and women, lay and ordained, married and single. They do not live together in community, wear habits; and as many secular Franciscans have family and work responsibilities, they do not follow the rule of literal poverty that Francis chose for himself and his friars minor. It is divided into five provinces: Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and the Americas.

  1. "Society of St Francis | LAMBETH PALACE LIBRARY". www.lambethpalacelibrary.org. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  2. The Society of Saint Francis – The Constitution"
  3. See details on this website.
  4. Society of Saint Francis – Constitution
  5. "What Became of the Monks and Nuns at the Dissolution?". English Heritage. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  6. "Society of St Francis | LAMBETH PALACE LIBRARY". www.lambethpalacelibrary.org. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  7. Hilfield is a hamlet in west Dorset, England, situated under the scarp face of the Dorset Downs seven miles south of Sherborne.
  8. Dunstan, Peta (1997). This Poor Sort: A History of the European Province of the Society of St Francis. London: Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd. p. 69. ISBN 0-232-52214-6.
  9. "Christa Seva Sangha & Related". www.firstorderssf.org. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  10. "Father Potter of Peckham - who worked out of a deserted pub". Southwark News. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  11. "The History of the Third Order". European Province of the TSSF. Retrieved22 October 2021.
  12. Society of St Francis (2010). The Daily Office SSF. 11 York Road, London, SE1 7NX: Mobray, and imprint of Continuum. p. 806. ISBN 9781906286156.CS1 maint: location (link)
  13. Anglican Religious Life 2012–13, published Canterbury Press, Norwich, 2011.
  14. The Manual of the Third Order of the Society of Saint Francis; part 2: European Province. Wantage: Printed by St Mary's Press, 1975
  15. Third Order, S.S.F., Chronicle: the journal of the European Province. Freeland, Oxon: printed by St Clare's Press. (2 issues a year)
  16. TSSF Province of the Americas

First Order (Society of Saint Francis, SSF)

First Order (Community of Saint Francis, CSF)

Second Order (Community of Saint Clare, OSC)

Third Order (TSSF)

Society of Saint Francis
Society of Saint Francis Language Watch Edit The Society of Saint Francis SSF is an international Franciscan religious order within the Anglican Communion 1 It is the main recognised Anglican Franciscan order but there are also other Franciscan orders in the Anglican Communion Glasshampton Monastery England The Society of Saint Francis comprises the Brothers of the First Order the Sisters of the First Order the Sisters of the Second Order the Brothers and Sisters of the Third Order 2 Francis of Assisi and Clare of Assisi the founders of the Franciscan movement produced separate rules for three parallel orders the First Order were to be mendicant friars embracing poverty as a gift from God and living the community life in the world and serving the poor The Second Order were to be a parallel community of sisters living a more enclosed life of prayer and contemplation The Third Order was to consist of brothers and sisters not living in community nor under full monastic vows but nevertheless taking simple promises and following a rule of life in the world These three orders still co exist as parts of the Franciscan family 3 Within Anglicanism the Brothers of the First Order are called the Society of Saint Francis SSF the Sisters of the First Order are called the Community of Saint Francis CSF the members of the Second Order are called the Community of Saint Clare OSC and the Brothers and Sisters of the Third Order are called the Third Order of the Society of Saint Francis TSSF 4 Contents 1 History 2 Structure 2 1 First Order SSF 2 1 1 European Province 2 1 2 Province of the Americas 2 1 3 Province of Divine Compassion 2 1 4 Province of the Solomon Islands 2 1 5 Papua New Guinea Province 2 2 First Order CSF 2 2 1 European Province 2 2 2 American Province 2 2 3 Korea 2 3 Second Order 2 4 Third Order 3 See also 4 Footnotes 5 External linksHistory EditDuring the English Reformation all religious orders including Franciscans were banished from Britain 5 Not until the mid nineteenth century were the first sisterhoods refounded in the Church of England in response to the social needs of the time Then came a revival of interest in Francis The Community of St Francis CSF was founded in 1905 with sisters living in poverty and working in the East End of London The Friary of St Francis Hilfield Shortly after World War I the Revd Douglas Downes an economics don at Oxford University and a few friends gave practical expression to their sympathy with and concern for victims of the depression by going out onto the roads and sharing the life of the homeless men and boys looking for work from town to town 6 In 1921 a Dorset landowner Lord Sandwich offered a small farm property now Hilfield Friary 7 and here the group of friends was able to offer shelter to the exhausted wayfarers and others in temporary need of help Towards the end of the 1920s a number of religious groups had formed with a Franciscan Charism and to bear witness to the extreme poverty in England at the time 8 In 1934 Father Algy Robertson who had a clearer idea of forming a religious order having been part of the Christa Seva Sangha in India and England joined Brother Douglas as he liked to be called 9 Together they held meetings with Father George Potter who was vicar of the south London St Chrysostom s Church Hill Street in Peckham He had spent his time since 1923 devoting himself to the lives of ordinary people and for the betterment of impoverished boys by creating the Brotherhood of the Holy Cross 10 After some wrangling and discussions between the three men the Rule and Constitution of the Society of St Francis was read in June 1936 and they agreed to remove the individual names of the brotherhoods to form a single union 8 Gradually the little community took shape modelling itself more consciously on the Franciscan tradition of prayer and study as well as working with the poor It started to look like a religious order in formal sense with habits a chapel and regular worship The Society of Saint Francis came into being on the 9 October 1936 followed by the Third Order in the same year 11 The Second Order was created in 1950 with the establishment of the Community of Saint Clare in Freeland Witney Before long invitations came to establish centres in other places and at the start of World War II there were houses in south London and Cambridge After the war other centres were opened in Britain Establishments overseas followed and the Society now has friaries in the United States Brazil Australia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Costa Rica and the Solomon Islands Other communities were made in Germany Italy Africa and the West Indies The Daily Office SSF s office book was among the first to be fully updated with the Common Worship lectionary so was used in the wider Anglican Communion It provided the model for Morning and Evening Prayer in Common Worship The creation of the office book is due to the dedication of the late Br Tristam SSF and the revision editors Br Colin Wilfred SSF and Sr Joyce CSF 12 Structure EditEach part of the order is under the leadership of a minister general currently Br Christopher John SSF elected in 2017 for the First Order brothers Sr Sue Berry CSF elected in 2020 for the First Order sisters and John Hebenton TSSF elected in 2017 for the Third Order brothers and sisters Under the minister general the order is divided into provinces each governed by a minister provincial The Second Order being enclosed elect an abbess and are currently active only in the United Kingdom In 2012 the membership stood at approximately 200 members in community combined First and Second Orders and 3 000 dispersed members Third Order 13 First Order SSF Edit European Province Edit The European Province currently has the following houses of the order Alnmouth Northumberland Birmingham West Midlands Glasshampton Worcestershire Hilfield Dorset Leeds Yorkshire Plaistow Balaam Street LondonProvince of the Americas Edit The American Province currently has the following houses of the order San Francisco California Los Angeles CaliforniaProvince of Divine Compassion Edit The Divine Compassion Province which covers Australia New Zealand and Korea has the following houses of the order Stroud New South Wales Brisbane Queensland Chuncheon Korea Matale Sri Lanka Hamilton New Zealand The Friary at Hamilton closed towards the end of 2016 bringing to an end after almost 50 years and the First Order s presence in NZ Anglican Communion News Service 8 June 2016 Province of the Solomon Islands Edit The Solomon Islands Province has the following houses of the order Honiara Guadalcanal Patteson House Honiara Guadalcanal Little Portion Honiara Guadalcanal St Bonaventure Friary Honiara Guadalcanal Michael Davis Friary Auki Malaita Kira Kira Makira Ulawa Lata TemotuPapua New Guinea Province Edit The Papua New Guinea Province has the following houses of the order Popondetta Oro St Mary of the Angels Friary Popondetta Oro Geoffrey s Friary Popondetta Oro Martyrs House Port Moresby Alotau Milne BayFirst Order CSF Edit Main article Community of St Francis European Province Edit The European Province currently has the following houses of the order Southwark in south London Plaistow in east London Metheringham Lincolnshire Birmingham West Midlands Leicester Leicestershire American Province Edit The American Province established in 1974 is currently located in a single house San Francisco California Korea Edit The semi autonomous mission in Korea is not yet large enough to achieve provincial status and the single convent at Gumi is part of the European Province and under the authority of the European Minister Provincial Second Order Edit Main article Community of St Clare Third Order Edit The Society of St Francis includes an order of tertiaries lay or ordained individuals who have taken vows and are followers of a version of the Franciscan rule but do not normally live together in community 14 15 The Third Order Society of St Francis TSSF was founded in 1936 TSSF consists of men and women lay and ordained married and single They do not live together in community wear habits and as many secular Franciscans have family and work responsibilities they do not follow the rule of literal poverty that Francis chose for himself and his friars minor It is divided into five provinces Africa Australia New Zealand Europe and the Americas 16 See also Edit Christianity portal Community of St Francis Franciscan orders in the Anglican Communion Franciscan orders in Lutheranism Little Brothers of FrancisFootnotes Edit Society of St Francis LAMBETH PALACE LIBRARY www lambethpalacelibrary org Retrieved 22 October 2021 The Society of Saint Francis The Constitution See details on this website Society of Saint Francis Constitution What Became of the Monks and Nuns at the Dissolution English Heritage Retrieved 22 October 2021 Society of St Francis LAMBETH PALACE LIBRARY www lambethpalacelibrary org Retrieved 22 October 2021 Hilfield is a hamlet in west Dorset England situated under the scarp face of the Dorset Downs seven miles south of Sherborne a b Dunstan Peta 1997 This Poor Sort A History of the European Province of the Society of St Francis London Darton Longman and Todd Ltd p 69 ISBN 0 232 52214 6 Christa Seva Sangha amp Related www firstorderssf org Retrieved 22 October 2021 Father Potter of Peckham who worked out of a deserted pub Southwark News Retrieved 22 October 2021 The History of the Third Order European Province of the TSSF Retrieved 22 October 2021 Society of St Francis 2010 The Daily Office SSF 11 York Road London SE1 7NX Mobray and imprint of Continuum p 806 ISBN 9781906286156 CS1 maint location link Anglican Religious Life 2012 13 published Canterbury Press Norwich 2011 The Manual of the Third Order of the Society of Saint Francis part 2 European Province Wantage Printed by St Mary s Press 1975 Third Order S S F Chronicle the journal of the European Province Freeland Oxon printed by St Clare s Press 2 issues a year TSSF Province of the AmericasExternal links EditFirst Order Society of Saint Francis SSF WorldWide links to Anglican Franciscans European Province Brothers SSF and Sisters CSF Province of the Americas Brothers Australian Province New Zealand Province Brazilian Friary Comunidade do Brasil in Portuguese Brazilian A Life in Order the memoirs of Brother Francis SSF 2003 autobiography with photographs First Order Community of Saint Francis CSF Province of the Americas Sisters Second Order Community of Saint Clare OSC European Province Third Order TSSF Province of Australia Papua New Guinea and East Asia European Province Province of the Americas New Zealand Province African Province Records of the Society 1920 2005 at Lambeth Palace Library Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Society of Saint Francis amp oldid 1053351161, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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