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Sof passuk

Sof passuk
סוֹף פָּסוּק ׃ הָאָֽרֶץ׃
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃ paseq ׀
etnachta ֑ segol ֒
shalshelet ֓ zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕ tifcha ֖
rivia ֗ zarqa ֘
pashta ֙ yetiv ֚
tevir ֛ geresh ֜
geresh muqdam [de] ֝ gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟ telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡ atnah hafukh [de] ֢
munach ֣ mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥ merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧ qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩ yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫ illuy ֬
dehi [de] ֭ zinor ֮

The sof passuk (Hebrew: סוֹף פָּסוּק‎, end of verse, also spelled sof pasuq and other variant English spellings, and sometimes called סלוק silluq) is the cantillation mark that occurs on the last word of every verse, or passuk, in the Tanakh. Some short verses contain only members of the sof passuk group.

The sof passuk can be preceded by the marks mercha, tipcha, and mercha in that order, including either all or some of these. However, these merchot and tipchot do not necessarily have the same melody as those in the etnachta group. Altogether, there are five possible arrangements how these can appear.

Contents

Book Number of appearances
Torah 5,852
Genesis 1,533
Exodus 1,213
Leviticus 859
Numbers 1,288
Deuteronomy 959
Nevi'im 4,975
Ketuvim 3,599

Different melodies are assigned to the trope for each section of the Hebrew Bible: The Torah, the Haftarah, and the Megillot. Different Jewish communities also use different Torah tropes. The following should not be considered an exhaustive list of all possible cantillations.[clarification needed]

Basic

Appears at the end of a verse.

Sof parasha/sof hachelek

Appears at the end of a parashah.

There is controversy over the use of the sof passuk during the reading of the Ten Commandments. There are two versions of the trope sounds for the Ten Commandments, one that divides them into 13 verses, based on the number of sof passuk notes, and the other that divides them into ten verses, the actual number of commandments. It is for this reason that not all commandments actually have a sof passuk at the end of their own names.

Sof parasha

The end of a single reading (aliya) which is chanted in a different melody, thereby giving the sound of finality to the reading. The tune for the end of the aliya can be applied to different verses based on different reading schedules, including the full parasha (on Shabbat during Shacharit in most synagogues), a partial reading (as is read on weekdays, Shabbat Mincha, and the selected readings of various holidays), or the Triennial cycle.

Sof sefer

At the conclusion to any sefer of the Torah, a special tune is used for the words "hazak hazak venithazek" after the reader finishes the book. These words are recited first by the congregation and then repeated by the reader.

Glyph Unicode Name
׃ U+05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
  1. The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot, by Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 15
  2. The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot, by Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 16
  3. Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1, by James D. Price, page 6
  4. Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1, by James D. Price, page 5
  5. Essays on the writings of Abraham ibn Ezra by Michael Friedländer, Abraham ben Meïr Ibn Ezra, pages 113-14
  6. Aspects of orality and formularity in Gregorian chant by Theodore Karp, page 25
  7. "Rabbinic Rambling: DVAR TORAH: Matot-Masei". 21 July 2006.
  8. https://www.rabbinicalassembly.org/sites/default/files/public/halakhah/teshuvot/19912000/goldberg_hazak.pdf
  9. Unicode Character 'HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ' (U+05C3)

Sof passuk
Sof passuk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sof Passuk Sof passukסו ף פ סו ק ה א ר ץ cantillationSof passuk paseq etnachta segol shalshelet zaqef qatan zaqef gadol tifcha rivia zarqa pashta yetiv tevir geresh geresh muqdam de gershayim qarney para telisha gedola pazer atnah hafukh de munach mahapakh merkha merkha kefula darga qadma telisha qetana yerah ben yomo ole illuy dehi de zinor viewtalkedit The sof passuk Hebrew סו ף פ סו ק end of verse also spelled sof pasuq and other variant English spellings and sometimes called סלוק silluq is the cantillation mark that occurs on the last word of every verse or passuk in the Tanakh Some short verses contain only members of the sof passuk group The sof passuk can be preceded by the marks mercha tipcha and mercha in that order including either all or some of these However these merchot and tipchot do not necessarily have the same melody as those in the etnachta group 1 Altogether there are five possible arrangements how these can appear 2 Contents 1 Total occurrences 2 Melody 2 1 Basic 2 2 Sof parasha sof hachelek 3 In the Ten Commandments 4 Other versions 4 1 Sof parasha 4 2 Sof sefer 5 Unicode 6 ReferencesTotal occurrences EditBook Number of appearancesTorah 5 852 3 Genesis 1 533 3 Exodus 1 213 3 Leviticus 859 3 Numbers 1 288 3 Deuteronomy 959 3 Nevi im 4 975 4 Ketuvim 3 599 4 Melody EditDifferent melodies are assigned to the trope for each section of the Hebrew Bible The Torah the Haftarah and the Megillot Different Jewish communities also use different Torah tropes The following should not be considered an exhaustive list of all possible cantillations clarification needed Basic Edit Appears at the end of a verse Sof parasha sof hachelek Edit Appears at the end of a parashah In the Ten Commandments EditThere is controversy over the use of the sof passuk during the reading of the Ten Commandments There are two versions of the trope sounds for the Ten Commandments one that divides them into 13 verses based on the number of sof passuk notes and the other that divides them into ten verses the actual number of commandments It is for this reason that not all commandments actually have a sof passuk at the end of their own names 5 Other versions EditSof parasha Edit The end of a single reading aliya which is chanted in a different melody thereby giving the sound of finality to the reading 6 The tune for the end of the aliya can be applied to different verses based on different reading schedules including the full parasha on Shabbat during Shacharit in most synagogues a partial reading as is read on weekdays Shabbat Mincha and the selected readings of various holidays or the Triennial cycle Sof sefer Edit At the conclusion to any sefer of the Torah a special tune is used for the words hazak hazak venithazek after the reader finishes the book These words are recited first by the congregation and then repeated by the reader 7 8 Unicode EditGlyph Unicode 9 Name U 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQReferences Edit The Art of Cantillation Volume 2 A Step By Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot by Marshall Portnoy Josee Wolff page 15 The Art of Cantillation Volume 2 A Step By Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot by Marshall Portnoy Josee Wolff page 16 a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible Concordance Volume 1 by James D Price page 6 a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible Concordance Volume 1 by James D Price page 5 Essays on the writings of Abraham ibn Ezra by Michael Friedlander Abraham ben Meir Ibn Ezra pages 113 14 Aspects of orality and formularity in Gregorian chant by Theodore Karp page 25 Rabbinic Rambling DVAR TORAH Matot Masei 21 July 2006 https www rabbinicalassembly org sites default files public halakhah teshuvot 19912000 goldberg hazak pdf Unicode Character HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ U 05C3 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sof passuk amp oldid 1050430336, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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