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Soissons

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For the rump state of the Roman Empire, see Kingdom of Soissons.

Soissons (French pronunciation: ​) is a commune in the northern French department of Aisne, in the region of Hauts-de-France. Located on the Aisne River, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Paris, it is one of the most ancient towns of France, and is probably the ancient capital of the Suessiones. Soissons is also the see of an ancient Roman Catholic diocese, whose establishment dates from about 300, and it was the location of a number of church synods called "Council of Soissons".

Soissons
Soissons hôtel de ville (city hall)
Coat of arms
Location of Soissons
Soissons
Show map of France
Soissons
Show map of Hauts-de-France
Coordinates:49°22′54″N3°19′25″E /49.3817°N 3.3236°E /49.3817; 3.3236Coordinates: 49°22′54″N3°19′25″E /49.3817°N 3.3236°E /49.3817; 3.3236
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentAisne
ArrondissementSoissons
CantonSoissons-1 and 2
IntercommunalityGrandSoissons
Government
• Mayor(2020–2026)Alain Crémont
Area
1
12.32 km2 (4.76 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2018)
28,522
• Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
02722 /02200
Elevation38–130 m (125–427 ft)
(avg. 55 m or 180 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

Soissons enters written history under its Celtic name (as later borrowed in Latin), Noviodunum, meaning "new hillfort". At Roman contact, it was a town of the Suessiones, mentioned by Julius Caesar (B. G. ii. 12). Caesar (B.C. 57), after leaving the Axona (modern Aisne), entered the territory of the Suessiones, and making one day's long march, reached Noviodunum, which was surrounded by a high wall and a broad ditch. The place surrendered to Caesar.

From 457 to 486, under Aegidius and his son Syagrius, Noviodunum was the capital of the Kingdom of Soissons, until it fell to the Frankish king Clovis I in 486 after the Battle of Soissons.

Part of the Frankish territory of Neustria, the Soissons region, and the Abbey of Saint-Médard, founded in the 6th century, played an important political part during the rule of the Merovingian kings (A.D. 447–751). After the death of Clovis I in 511, Soissons was made the capital of one of the four kingdoms into which his states were divided. Eventually, the kingdom of Soissons disappeared in 613 when the Frankish lands were amalgamated under Chlothar II.

The 744 Council of Soissons met at the instigation of Pepin the Short and Saint Boniface, the Pope's missionary to pagan Germany, secured the condemnation of the Frankish bishop Adalbert and the Irish missionary Clement.

During the Hundred Years' War, French forces committed a notorious massacre of English archers stationed at the town's garrison, in which many of the French townsfolk were themselves raped and killed. The massacre of French citizens by French soldiers shocked Europe; Henry V of England, noting that the town of Soissons was dedicated to the saints Crispin and Crispinian, claimed to avenge the honour of the saints when he met the French forces at the Battle of Agincourt on Saint Crispin's Day 1415. The town was liberated by French troops under the command of Joan of Arc on July 23, 1429.

Between June 1728 and July 1729 it hosted the Congress of Soissons an attempt to resolve a long-standing series of disputes between the Kingdom of Great Britain and Spain which had spilled over into the Anglo-Spanish War of 1727–1729. The Congress was largely successful and led to the signing of a peace treaty between them.

During World War I, the city came under heavy bombardment. There was mutiny after the disastrous Chemin des Dames offensive at the Second Battle of the Aisne. A statue erected with images of French soldiers killed in action in 1917 is behind the St Peter's Church, next to the Soissons Courthouse.

Panorama of Soissons in ruins in 1919

Today, Soissons is a commercial and manufacturing centre with the 12th century Soissons Cathedral and the ruins of St. Jean des Vignes Abbey as two of its most important historical buildings. The nearby Espace Pierres Folles contains a museum, geological trail, and botanical garden.

Panoramic view of the Cathedral
The ruins of the Abbey of St Jean des Vignes.
  • Cathédrale Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais de Soissons is constructed in the style of Gothic architecture. The building of the south transept was begun about 1177, and the lowest courses of the choir in 1182. The choir with its original three-storey elevation and extremely tall clerestory was completed in 1211. This was earlier than Chartres, on which the design was supposed to have been based. Work then continued into the nave until the late 13th century.
Main article: Soissons Cathedral
  • Abbey of Notre Dame – The former abbey of Notre Dame, former royal abbey, founded in the Merovingian era, famous for its rich treasure of relics, including the "shoe of the Virgin." The abbey was prestigious abbesses like Gisèle, sister of Charlemagne, or Catherine de Bourbon, aunt of Henry IV.
  • Saint-Médard Abbey – The Saint-Médard Abbey was a Benedictine monastery of Soissons whose foundation went back to the sixth century. Today, only the crypt remains.
  • Hôtel de ville – Since 1833 the city hall has been housed in a chateau built by architect Jean-François Advyné between 1772 and 1775 at the request of the Intendant Pelletier Mortefontaine on the site of a previous one belonging to the counts of Soissons.
  • Passerelle des Anglais – The "Passerelle des Anglais" (literally: "Footbridge of the English") is a concrete footbridge over the Aisne in the center of the city. The original bridge was destroyed in 1914. It was rebuilt by British soldiers, after which it was known as the "Pont des Anglais" ("Bridge of the English"). Destroyed again during World War II, it was rebuilt in 1950 as a pedestrian bridge.
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 7,675
1800 7,229−0.85%
1806 8,126+1.97%
1821 7,765−0.30%
1831 8,149+0.48%
1836 8,424+0.67%
1841 9,152+1.67%
1846 10,143+2.08%
1851 9,477−1.35%
1856 7,875−3.64%
1861 10,208+5.33%
1866 11,099+1.69%
1872 10,404−1.07%
1876 11,089+1.61%
1881 11,112+0.04%
1886 11,850+1.29%
1891 12,074+0.38%
1896 12,373+0.49%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 13,240+1.36%
1906 14,334+1.60%
1911 14,458+0.17%
1921 14,391−0.05%
1926 17,865+4.42%
1931 18,705+0.92%
1936 20,090+1.44%
1946 18,174−1.00%
1954 20,484+1.51%
1962 23,150+1.54%
1968 25,890+1.88%
1975 30,009+2.13%
1982 30,213+0.10%
1990 29,829−0.16%
1999 29,453−0.14%
2007 28,471−0.42%
2012 28,309−0.11%
2017 28,530+0.16%
Source: EHESS and INSEE (1968-2017)
  1. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911)."Soissons" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 352.
  3. Dierkens, Alain (1984). "Superstitions, christianisme et paganisma à la fin de l'epoque mérovingienne: A propos de l'Indiculus superstitionem et paganiarum". In Hervé Hasquin (ed.). Magie, sorcellerie, parapsychologie. Brussels: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles. pp. 9–26.
  4. "At Agincourt : Chapter XIX. Agincourt by G. A. Henty @ Classic Reader". classicreader.com. Retrieved2010-06-07.
  5. John James, The Template-makers of the Paris Basin, Leura, 1989.
  6. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Soissons, EHESS.(in French)
  7. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSoissons.

Soissons
Soissons Language Watch Edit This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French December 2008 Click show for important translation instructions View a machine translated version of the French article Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate rather than simply copy pasting machine translated text into the English Wikipedia Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low quality If possible verify the text with references provided in the foreign language article You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at fr Soissons see its history for attribution You should also add the template Translated fr Soissons to the talk page For more guidance see Wikipedia Translation For the rump state of the Roman Empire see Kingdom of Soissons Soissons French pronunciation swasɔ is a commune in the northern French department of Aisne in the region of Hauts de France Located on the Aisne River about 100 kilometres 62 mi northeast of Paris it is one of the most ancient towns of France and is probably the ancient capital of the Suessiones Soissons is also the see of an ancient Roman Catholic diocese whose establishment dates from about 300 and it was the location of a number of church synods called Council of Soissons SoissonsSubprefecture and communeSoissons hotel de ville city hall Coat of armsLocation of SoissonsSoissonsShow map of FranceSoissonsShow map of Hauts de FranceCoordinates 49 22 54 N 3 19 25 E 49 3817 N 3 3236 E 49 3817 3 3236 Coordinates 49 22 54 N 3 19 25 E 49 3817 N 3 3236 E 49 3817 3 3236CountryFranceRegionHauts de FranceDepartmentAisneArrondissementSoissonsCantonSoissons 1 and 2IntercommunalityGrandSoissonsGovernment Mayor 2020 2026 Alain CremontArea112 32 km2 4 76 sq mi Population Jan 2018 1 28 522 Density2 300 km2 6 000 sq mi Time zoneUTC 01 00 CET Summer DST UTC 02 00 CEST INSEE Postal code02722 02200Elevation38 130 m 125 427 ft avg 55 m or 180 ft 1 French Land Register data which excludes lakes ponds glaciers gt 1 km2 0 386 sq mi or 247 acres and river estuaries Contents 1 History 2 Sights 3 Landmarks 4 Personalities 5 Population 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory EditSoissons enters written history under its Celtic name as later borrowed in Latin Noviodunum meaning new hillfort At Roman contact it was a town of the Suessiones mentioned by Julius Caesar B G ii 12 Caesar B C 57 after leaving the Axona modern Aisne entered the territory of the Suessiones and making one day s long march reached Noviodunum which was surrounded by a high wall and a broad ditch The place surrendered to Caesar From 457 to 486 under Aegidius and his son Syagrius Noviodunum was the capital of the Kingdom of Soissons 2 until it fell to the Frankish king Clovis I in 486 after the Battle of Soissons Part of the Frankish territory of Neustria the Soissons region and the Abbey of Saint Medard founded in the 6th century played an important political part during the rule of the Merovingian kings A D 447 751 After the death of Clovis I in 511 Soissons was made the capital of one of the four kingdoms into which his states were divided Eventually the kingdom of Soissons disappeared in 613 when the Frankish lands were amalgamated under Chlothar II The 744 Council of Soissons met at the instigation of Pepin the Short and Saint Boniface the Pope s missionary to pagan Germany secured the condemnation of the Frankish bishop Adalbert and the Irish missionary Clement 3 During the Hundred Years War French forces committed a notorious massacre of English archers stationed at the town s garrison in which many of the French townsfolk were themselves raped and killed 4 The massacre of French citizens by French soldiers shocked Europe Henry V of England noting that the town of Soissons was dedicated to the saints Crispin and Crispinian claimed to avenge the honour of the saints when he met the French forces at the Battle of Agincourt on Saint Crispin s Day 1415 The town was liberated by French troops under the command of Joan of Arc on July 23 1429 Between June 1728 and July 1729 it hosted the Congress of Soissons an attempt to resolve a long standing series of disputes between the Kingdom of Great Britain and Spain which had spilled over into the Anglo Spanish War of 1727 1729 The Congress was largely successful and led to the signing of a peace treaty between them During World War I the city came under heavy bombardment There was mutiny after the disastrous Chemin des Dames offensive at the Second Battle of the Aisne A statue erected with images of French soldiers killed in action in 1917 is behind the St Peter s Church next to the Soissons Courthouse Panorama of Soissons in ruins in 1919Sights EditToday Soissons is a commercial and manufacturing centre with the 12th century Soissons Cathedral and the ruins of St Jean des Vignes Abbey as two of its most important historical buildings The nearby Espace Pierres Folles contains a museum geological trail and botanical garden Landmarks Edit Panoramic view of the Cathedral The ruins of the Abbey of St Jean des Vignes Cathedrale Saint Gervais et Saint Protais de Soissons is constructed in the style of Gothic architecture The building of the south transept was begun about 1177 and the lowest courses of the choir in 1182 The choir with its original three storey elevation and extremely tall clerestory was completed in 1211 This was earlier than Chartres on which the design was supposed to have been based Work then continued into the nave until the late 13th century 5 Main article Soissons Cathedral Abbey of Notre Dame The former abbey of Notre Dame former royal abbey founded in the Merovingian era famous for its rich treasure of relics including the shoe of the Virgin The abbey was prestigious abbesses like Gisele sister of Charlemagne or Catherine de Bourbon aunt of Henry IV Saint Medard Abbey The Saint Medard Abbey was a Benedictine monastery of Soissons whose foundation went back to the sixth century Today only the crypt remains Hotel de ville Since 1833 the city hall has been housed in a chateau built by architect Jean Francois Advyne between 1772 and 1775 at the request of the Intendant Pelletier Mortefontaine on the site of a previous one belonging to the counts of Soissons Arsenal Exhibition space in the arsenal of the former Abbey of St Jean des VignesPasserelle des Anglais The Passerelle des Anglais literally Footbridge of the English is a concrete footbridge over the Aisne in the center of the city The original bridge was destroyed in 1914 It was rebuilt by British soldiers after which it was known as the Pont des Anglais Bridge of the English Destroyed again during World War II it was rebuilt in 1950 as a pedestrian bridge The covered market Built in 1908 by architect Albert Desire Guilbert 1866 1949 Personalities EditThe actress Aurore Clement was born in Soissons in 1945 The artist Emmanuel Fillion was born in Soissons in 1966 The saints Crispin and Crispinian were martyred c 286 at Soissons for preaching Christianity to the local Gauls The 6th century Burgundian king Guntram was born in Soissons around 532 Jeanne Macherez 1852 1930 heroine during World War I Mayor of SoissonsPopulation EditHistorical populationYearPop p a 17937 675 18007 229 0 85 18068 126 1 97 18217 765 0 30 18318 149 0 48 18368 424 0 67 18419 152 1 67 184610 143 2 08 18519 477 1 35 18567 875 3 64 186110 208 5 33 186611 099 1 69 187210 404 1 07 187611 089 1 61 188111 112 0 04 188611 850 1 29 189112 074 0 38 189612 373 0 49 YearPop p a 190113 240 1 36 190614 334 1 60 191114 458 0 17 192114 391 0 05 192617 865 4 42 193118 705 0 92 193620 090 1 44 194618 174 1 00 195420 484 1 51 196223 150 1 54 196825 890 1 88 197530 009 2 13 198230 213 0 10 199029 829 0 16 199929 453 0 14 200728 471 0 42 201228 309 0 11 201728 530 0 16 Source EHESS 6 and INSEE 1968 2017 7 See also EditBattle of Soissons Communes of Aisne Franks List of Frankish kings Merovingians Suessiones Vase of Soissons Wolf of Soissons Sessions surname References Edit Populations legales 2018 The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies 28 December 2020 Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Soissons Encyclopaedia Britannica 25 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 352 Dierkens Alain 1984 Superstitions christianisme et paganisma a la fin de l epoque merovingienne A propos de l Indiculus superstitionem et paganiarum In Herve Hasquin ed Magie sorcellerie parapsychologie Brussels Editions de l Universite de Bruxelles pp 9 26 At Agincourt Chapter XIX Agincourt by G A Henty Classic Reader classicreader com Retrieved 2010 06 07 John James The Template makers of the Paris Basin Leura 1989 Des villages de Cassini aux communes d aujourd hui Commune data sheet Soissons EHESS in French Population en historique depuis 1968 INSEE This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Smith William ed 1854 1857 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography London John Murray Missing or empty title help External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Soissons Official website in French Catholic Encyclopedia Soissons A live view of the port of Soissons Discovering Soissons Soissons Powerlifting club English Local Bus Routes Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Soissons amp oldid 1053902042, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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