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Sol Plaatje

Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje (9 October 1876 – 19 June 1932) was a South African intellectual, journalist, linguist, politician, translator and writer. Plaatje was a founder member and first General Secretary of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC), which became the African National Congress (ANC). The Sol Plaatje Local Municipality, which includes the city of Kimberley, is named after him, as is the Sol Plaatje University in that city, which opened its doors in 2014.

Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje
Born(1876-10-09)9 October 1876
Doornfontein near Boshof, Orange Free State
Died19 June 1932(1932-06-19) (aged 55)
Pimville, Soweto
Resting placeWest End Cemetery, Kimberley
NationalitySouth African
OccupationWriter and politician
Known forbeing a founder member of the ANC
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Lilith M'belle
Childrensix children

Contents

Plaatje was born in Doornfontein near Boshof, Orange Free State (now Free State Province, South Africa), the sixth of eight sons. His grandfather's name was Selogilwe Mogodi (1836-1881) but his employer, the Boer farmer Groenewald, nicknamed him Plaatje ('Picture') in 1856 and the family started using this as a surname. His parents Johannes and Martha were members of the Tswana nation. They were Christians and worked for missionaries at mission stations in South Africa. When Solomon was four, the family moved to Pniel near Kimberley in the Cape Colony to work for a German missionary, Ernst Westphal, and his wife Wilhelmine. There he received a mission-education. When he outpaced fellow learners he was given additional private tuition by Mrs. Westphal, who also taught him to play the piano and violin and gave him singing lessons. In February 1892, aged 15, he became a pupil-teacher, a post he held for two years.

After leaving school, he moved to Kimberley in 1894 where he became a telegraph messenger for the Post Office. He subsequently passed the clerical examination (the highest in the colony) with higher marks than any other candidate in Dutch and typing (reported by Neil Parsons in his foreword to Native Life in South Africa, Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion). At that time, the Cape Colony had qualified franchise for all men 21 or over, the qualification being that they be able to read and write English or Dutch and earn over 50 pounds a year. Thus, when he turned 21 in 1897, he was able to vote, a right he would later lose when the Cape Colony was merged with other Southern African colonies into the Union of South Africa.

Shortly thereafter, he became a court interpreter for the British colonial authorities in Mafeking when the settlement was under siege and kept a diary of his experiences which were published posthumously.

After the Second Boer War ended, he was optimistic that the British government would ensure that all males in South Africa would continue to be granted qualified franchise, but they instead handed over the majority of political power to the new South African government, which restricted voting rights to white South Africans only. Plaatje criticised the British government for this decision in an unpublished 1909 manuscript entitled Sekgoma – the Black Dreyfus.

The South African Native National Congress delegation to England, June 1914. Left to right: Thomas Mapike, Rev. Walter Rubusana, Rev. John Dube, Saul Msane, Sol Plaatje

As an activist and politician, he spent much of his life in the struggle for the enfranchisement and liberation of African people. He was a founder member and first General Secretary of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC), which would become the African National Congress (ANC) ten years later. As a member of an SANNC deputation, he traveled to England to protest against the Natives Land Act, 1913, and later to Canada and the United States where he met Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois.

While he grew up speaking the Tswana language, Plaatje would become a polyglot. Fluent in at least seven languages, he worked as a court interpreter during the Siege of Mafeking, and translated works of William Shakespeare into Tswana. His talent for language would lead to a career in journalism and writing. He was editor and part-owner of Kuranta ya Becoana (Bechuana Gazette) in Mahikeng, and in Kimberley Tsala ya Becoana (Bechuana Friend) and Tsala ya Batho (The Friend of the People).

Plaatje was the first black South African to write a novel in English – Mhudi. He wrote the novel in 1919, but it was only published in 1930 (in 1928 the Zulu writer R. R. R. Dhlomo published an English-language novel, entitled An African Tragedy, at the missionary Lovedale Press, in Alice; this makes Dhlomo's novel the first published black South African novel in English, even though Plaatje's Mhudi had been written first). He also wrote Native Life in South Africa, which Neil Parsons describes as "one of the most remarkable books on Africa by one of the continent's most remarkable writers", and Boer War Diary that was first published 40 years after his death.

A scene from the stage show of Cradle of the World, 1923. Sol Plaatje is centre stage.

Plaatje made three visits to Britain. There he met many people of similar views. One was the cinema and theatrical impresario George Lattimore who in 1923 was promoting with Pathé, Cradle of the World, the "most marvellous and thrilling travel film ever screened". In a letter to the pan-Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois, Lattimore reported that he was having a "successful run" at the Philharmonic Hall in London. The show, which had the character of a revue, included live music and singing. Plaatje was recruited by Lattimore to take the role of an African tribesman.

Plaatje was a committed Christian, and organised a fellowship group called the Christian Brotherhood at Kimberley. He was married to Elizabeth Lilith M'belle, a union that would produce six children – Frederick York St Leger, Halley, Richard, Violet, Olive and Johannes Gutenberg. He died of pneumonia at Pimville, Johannesburg on 19 June 1932 aged 55, and was buried in Kimberley. Over a thousand people attended the funeral.

  • 1935: three years after his death, a tombstone was erected over Plaatje's grave with the inscription: "I Khutse Morolong: Modiredi Wa Afrika – Rest in Peace Morolong, You Servant of Africa".

Decades passed before Plaatje began to receive the recognition he deserved. "Much of what he strove for came to nought," writes his biographer Brian Willan, "his political career was gradually forgotten, his manuscripts were lost or destroyed, his published books largely unread. His novel Mhudi formed part of no literary tradition, and was long regarded as little more than a curiosity."

  • 1970s: interest was stirred in Plaatje's journalistic and literary legacy through the work of John Comaroff (who edited for publication The Boer War Diary of Sol T. Plaatje, and by Tim Couzens and Stephen Gray (who focused attention on Sol Plaatje's novel, Mhudi)
  • 1978: Mhudi was re-published under the editorial guidance of Stephen Gray
  • 1982: Plaatje's Native Life in South Africa: Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion (1916) was re-published by Ravan Press.
  • 1982: the African Writers Association instituted a Sol Plaatje Prose Award (alongside the H. I. E. and R. R. R. Dhlomo Drama Award and the S. E. K. Mqhayi Poetry Award).
  • 1984: Brian Willan published his biography, Sol Plaatje: South African Nationalist, 1876–1932.
  • 1991: The Sol Plaatje Educational Trust and Museum, housed in Plaatje's Kimberley home at 32 Angel Street, was opened, actively furthering his written legacy.
  • 1992: the house at 32 Angel Street in Kimberley, where Plaatje spent his last years, was declared a national monument (now a provincial heritage site). It continues as the Sol Plaatje Museum and Library, run by the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust, with donor funding. In the 2000s the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust has published Plaatje biographies by Maureen Rall and Sabata-Mpho Mokae.
  • circa 1995: the Sol Plaatje Municipality (Kimberley) in South Africa's Northern Cape Province was named in Plaatje's honour.
  • 1996: Sol Plaatje: Selected writings, ed. Brian Willan, is published by the University of Witwatersrand Press.
  • 1998: an honorary doctorate was posthumously conferred on Plaatje by the University of the North-West, with several of his descendants present.
  • 1998: Plaatje's grave in West End Cemetery, Kimberley, was declared a national monument (now a provincial heritage site). It was only the second grave in South African history to be awarded national monument status.
  • 2000: The Diamond Fields Advertiser launches the Sol T Plaatje Memorial Award to honour the top Setswana and top English matriculant each year in the Northern Cape. The first recipients are Claire Reddie (English) and Neo Molefi (Setswana).
  • 2000: the Department of Education building in Pretoria was renamed Sol Plaatje House, on 15 June 2000, "in honour of this political giant and consummate educator."
  • 2000: the South African Post Office issued a series of stamps featuring writers of the Boer War, with Plaatje appearing on the 1.30 Rand stamp. The series also includes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Winston Churchill, Johanna Brandt and the Anglo-Boer War Medal.
  • 2000: the African National Congress initiated the Sol Plaatje Award, one of a number of annual achievement awards. The Sol Plaatje Award recognises the best performing ANC branch.
  • 2002: the Sol Plaatje Media Leadership Institute was established within Rhodes University's Department of Journalism and Media Studies.
  • 2005: the Saulspoort Dam was renamed Sol Plaatje Dam, although not in honour of Sol Plaatje the man but in remembrance of 41 Sol Plaatje Municipal workers drowned in a bus disaster there on 1 May 2003.
  • 2007: the Sol Plaatje Prize for Translation was instituted by the English Academy of South Africa, awarded bi-annually for translation of prose or poetry into English from any of the other South African official languages.
  • 2009: the Sol Plaatje Power Station at the Sol Plaatje Dam was commissioned – the first commercial small hydro power station constructed in South Africa in 22 years.
  • 2009: Sol Plaatje was honoured in the Posthumous Literary Award given by the South African Literary Awards.
  • 2010: the first Plaatje Festival, held in Mahikeng, hosted by the North West Province Departments of Sport, Arts and Culture and of Education, on 5 and 6 November 2010. It brought together Plaatje and Molema descendants, poets, journalists, scholars, language practitioners, educators, and learners, who "paid tribute to this brilliant Setswana man of letters."
  • 2010: a statue of Sol Plaatje, seated and writing at a desk, was unveiled in Kimberley by South African President Jacob Zuma on 9 January 2010, the 98th anniversary of the founding of the African National Congress. By sculptor Johan Moolman, it was erected at Kimberley's Civic Centre, formerly the Malay Camp, and situated approximately where Plaatje had his printing press in 1910 – 13.
  • 2011: the European Union Sol Plaatje Poetry Competition was inaugurated, honouring "the spirit of the legendary intellectual giant, Sol Plaatje, the activist, linguist and translator, novelist, journalist and leader." Winners' work has been published in an annual anthology since the competition's inauguration.
  • 2012: Seetsele Modiri Molema's Lover of his people: a biography of Sol Plaatje was published. Translated and edited by D. S. Matjila and Karen Haire, the manuscript, Sol T. Plaatje: Morata Wabo, dating from the 1960s, was the first Plaatje biography written in his mother tongue, Setswana, and the only book-length biography written by someone who actually knew Plaatje.
  • 2013: the naming of the Sol Plaatje University in Kimberley, which opened in 2014, was announced by President Jacob Zuma on 25 July 2013.
  • 2013: the renaming of UNISA's Florida Campus Library as the Sol Plaatje Library, unveiled on 30 July 2013.
  • Schools in Kimberley and Mahikeng are named after Sol Plaatje.
  • 2016: Sol Plaatje's Native Life in South Africa: Past and Present by Brian Willan, Janet Remmington and Bhekizizwe Peterson is published by University of Witwatersrand University Press and goes on to win 'Best Non-Fiction Edited Volume' in the 2018 NIHSS Awards.
  • 2018: Sol Plaatje: A life of Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje 1876 – 1932 by Brian Willan is published by Jacana Media and goes on to win 'Best Non-Fiction Biography' in the 2020 NIHSS Awards.
  • 2020: Sol Plaatje’s Mhudi: History, Criticism, Celebration, a collection of essays edited by Sabata-Mpho Mokae and Brian Willan is published by Jacana Media

Both of these were called "remarkably good" translations in a 1949 study.

  1. Address by the President of South Africa during the announcement of new Interim Councils and names of the New Universities, 25 July 2013, retrieved 25 July 2013.
  2. Van Wyk 2003.
  3. Plaatjie 1996, p. foreword. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPlaatjie1996 (help)
  4. Letter from George W. Lattimore to W. E. B. Du Bois, 21 August 1923. W. E. B. Du Bois Papers, credo. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  5. Topp Fargion, Janet. "Sol t Plaatje: The hidden recording", in Playback, Bulletin of the British Library National Sound Archive, No. 12, Autumn 1995, pp. 2-4.
  6. Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje (Sol Plaatje) Mafikeng Capital City – North West Province South Africa Archived 13 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine at www.tourismnorthwest.co.za
  7. Willan 1984, p. 389. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWillan1984 (help)
  8. Willan 1984, p. 390. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWillan1984 (help)
  9. Plaatje & Comaroff 1973. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFPlaatjeComaroff1973 (help)
  10. Couzens 1973.
  11. Gray 1976.
  12. Gray 1977.
  13. Plaatje, Sol T. 1978 (1930). Mhudi. Ed. Stephen Gray. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Books.
  14. Plaatje, Sol T. Native Life in South Africa: Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion. Johannesburg: Ravan.
  15. The literature police: chronology
  16. Willan 1984. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWillan1984 (help)
  17. Department of Basic Education: Sol Plaatje House: explanation written by Dr Karen Haire for the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust, 32 Angel Street, Kimberley, 8301, retrieved 26 July 2013.
  18. Government Gazette of South Africa, No. 14048, Pretoria: 19 June 1992.
  19. Rall 2003.
  20. Mokae 2010.
  21. Reeves, Jacqui (24 April 1998). "Posthumous doctorate for Plaatje". The Star. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved20 August 2015 – via African National Congress.
  22. Government Gazette of South Africa, No. 18694, Pretoria: 27 February 1998.
  23. Diamond Fields Advertiser, Wednesday, 17 October 2001, "Tsala ea Batho", Kimberley, p. 10.
  24. Diamond Fields Advertiser. Wednesday 17 October 2001, "Tsala ea Batho", Kimberley, p. 12.
  25. Anglo-Boer War Writers – stamps, Trussel.com.
  26. ANC Annual Achievement Awards. Archived 3 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  27. Sol Plaatje Institute retrieved 10 August 2013.
  28. Government Gazette, REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA, Vol. 478, Pretoria, 1 April 2005, No. 27408; retrieved 16 August 2013.
  29. Drama at bus tragedy service News24.com, 5 May 2003; retrieved 16 August 2013.
  30. "Infrastructure news Article". Infrastructure news. Retrieved11 October 2012.
  31. "Bethlehem Hydro Brochure"(PDF). Bethlehem Hydro. Archived from the original(PDF) on 29 January 2012. Retrieved10 July 2012.
  32. Plaatje Statue unveiled, Diamond Fields Advertiser, 11 January 2010, p. 6. (Contrary to Sunday Argus and Independent on Line reports [10 January 2010, at 12:42PM] suggesting that this took place in Cape Town.)
  33. Sol Plaatje European Union Poetry Anthology. Archived 4 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  34. Molema 2012.
  35. "New universities' names revealed", News24, 25 July 2013.
  36. All in the name of science: campus buildings renamed; retrieved 16 August 2013.
  37. "Wits Press book on Sol Plaatje and the land issue wins the Non-fiction Edited Volume category at the 2018 HSS awards". Wits University Press. 20 March 2018. Retrieved24 July 2021.
  38. [1]
  39. [2]
  40. Midgley 1997, p. 15.
  41. Midgley 1997, p. 17.
  42. Hellmann et al., p. 601. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHellmannAbrahams1949here:_R.H._W._Shepherd:_African_Literature (help)

Other relevant literature

  • — (1977). "Sources of the first black South African novel in English". 4 (1). Grahamstown: Institute for the Study of English in Africa, Rhodes University: 1–6. JSTOR 40238385.Cite journal requires |journal= ()
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Sol Plaatje
Sol Plaatje Language Watch Edit Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje 9 October 1876 19 June 1932 was a South African intellectual journalist linguist politician translator and writer Plaatje was a founder member and first General Secretary of the South African Native National Congress SANNC which became the African National Congress ANC The Sol Plaatje Local Municipality which includes the city of Kimberley is named after him as is the Sol Plaatje University in that city which opened its doors in 2014 1 Solomon Tshekisho PlaatjeBorn 1876 10 09 9 October 1876 Doornfontein near Boshof Orange Free StateDied19 June 1932 1932 06 19 aged 55 Pimville SowetoResting placeWest End Cemetery KimberleyNationalitySouth AfricanOccupationWriter and politicianKnown forbeing a founder member of the ANCSpouse s Elizabeth Lilith M belleChildrensix children Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Performing 4 Personal life 5 Recognition and legacy 6 Original writing 7 Translations of Shakespeare 8 References 9 Other relevant literature 10 Further reading 11 External linksEarly life EditPlaatje was born in Doornfontein near Boshof Orange Free State now Free State Province South Africa the sixth of eight sons 2 His grandfather s name was Selogilwe Mogodi 1836 1881 but his employer the Boer farmer Groenewald nicknamed him Plaatje Picture in 1856 and the family started using this as a surname His parents Johannes and Martha were members of the Tswana nation They were Christians and worked for missionaries at mission stations in South Africa When Solomon was four the family moved to Pniel near Kimberley in the Cape Colony to work for a German missionary Ernst Westphal and his wife Wilhelmine There he received a mission education When he outpaced fellow learners he was given additional private tuition by Mrs Westphal who also taught him to play the piano and violin and gave him singing lessons 2 In February 1892 aged 15 he became a pupil teacher a post he held for two years After leaving school he moved to Kimberley in 1894 where he became a telegraph messenger for the Post Office 2 He subsequently passed the clerical examination the highest in the colony with higher marks than any other candidate in Dutch and typing reported by Neil Parsons in his foreword to Native Life in South Africa Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion 3 At that time the Cape Colony had qualified franchise for all men 21 or over the qualification being that they be able to read and write English or Dutch and earn over 50 pounds a year Thus when he turned 21 in 1897 he was able to vote a right he would later lose when the Cape Colony was merged with other Southern African colonies into the Union of South Africa 2 Shortly thereafter he became a court interpreter for the British colonial authorities in Mafeking when the settlement was under siege and kept a diary of his experiences which were published posthumously 2 After the Second Boer War ended he was optimistic that the British government would ensure that all males in South Africa would continue to be granted qualified franchise but they instead handed over the majority of political power to the new South African government which restricted voting rights to white South Africans only Plaatje criticised the British government for this decision in an unpublished 1909 manuscript entitled Sekgoma the Black Dreyfus 3 Career Edit The South African Native National Congress delegation to England June 1914 Left to right Thomas Mapike Rev Walter Rubusana Rev John Dube Saul Msane Sol Plaatje As an activist and politician he spent much of his life in the struggle for the enfranchisement and liberation of African people He was a founder member and first General Secretary of the South African Native National Congress SANNC which would become the African National Congress ANC ten years later As a member of an SANNC deputation he traveled to England to protest against the Natives Land Act 1913 and later to Canada and the United States where he met Marcus Garvey and W E B Du Bois While he grew up speaking the Tswana language Plaatje would become a polyglot Fluent in at least seven languages he worked as a court interpreter during the Siege of Mafeking and translated works of William Shakespeare into Tswana His talent for language would lead to a career in journalism and writing He was editor and part owner of Kuranta ya Becoana Bechuana Gazette in Mahikeng and in Kimberley Tsala ya Becoana Bechuana Friend and Tsala ya Batho The Friend of the People Plaatje was the first black South African to write a novel in English Mhudi He wrote the novel in 1919 but it was only published in 1930 in 1928 the Zulu writer R R R Dhlomo published an English language novel entitled An African Tragedy at the missionary Lovedale Press in Alice this makes Dhlomo s novel the first published black South African novel in English even though Plaatje s Mhudi had been written first He also wrote Native Life in South Africa which Neil Parsons describes as one of the most remarkable books on Africa by one of the continent s most remarkable writers 3 and Boer War Diary that was first published 40 years after his death Performing Edit A scene from the stage show of Cradle of the World 1923 Sol Plaatje is centre stage Plaatje made three visits to Britain There he met many people of similar views One was the cinema and theatrical impresario George Lattimore who in 1923 was promoting with Pathe Cradle of the World the most marvellous and thrilling travel film ever screened In a letter to the pan Africanist W E B Du Bois Lattimore reported that he was having a successful run at the Philharmonic Hall in London 4 The show which had the character of a revue included live music and singing Plaatje was recruited by Lattimore to take the role of an African tribesman 5 Personal life EditPlaatje was a committed Christian 6 and organised a fellowship group called the Christian Brotherhood at Kimberley He was married to Elizabeth Lilith M belle a union that would produce six children Frederick York St Leger Halley Richard Violet Olive and Johannes Gutenberg He died of pneumonia at Pimville Johannesburg on 19 June 1932 aged 55 and was buried in Kimberley Over a thousand people attended the funeral 7 Recognition and legacy Edit1935 three years after his death a tombstone was erected over Plaatje s grave with the inscription I Khutse Morolong Modiredi Wa Afrika Rest in Peace Morolong You Servant of Africa 8 Decades passed before Plaatje began to receive the recognition he deserved Much of what he strove for came to nought writes his biographer Brian Willan his political career was gradually forgotten his manuscripts were lost or destroyed his published books largely unread His novel Mhudi formed part of no literary tradition and was long regarded as little more than a curiosity 8 1970s interest was stirred in Plaatje s journalistic and literary legacy through the work of John Comaroff who edited for publication The Boer War Diary of Sol T Plaatje 9 and by Tim Couzens and Stephen Gray who focused attention on Sol Plaatje s novel Mhudi 10 11 12 1978 Mhudi was re published under the editorial guidance of Stephen Gray 13 1982 Plaatje s Native Life in South Africa Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion 1916 was re published by Ravan Press 14 1982 the African Writers Association instituted a Sol Plaatje Prose Award alongside the H I E and R R R Dhlomo Drama Award and the S E K Mqhayi Poetry Award 15 1984 Brian Willan published his biography Sol Plaatje South African Nationalist 1876 1932 16 1991 The Sol Plaatje Educational Trust and Museum housed in Plaatje s Kimberley home at 32 Angel Street was opened actively furthering his written legacy 17 1992 the house at 32 Angel Street in Kimberley where Plaatje spent his last years was declared a national monument now a provincial heritage site 18 It continues as the Sol Plaatje Museum and Library run by the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust with donor funding In the 2000s the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust has published Plaatje biographies by Maureen Rall 19 and Sabata Mpho Mokae 20 circa 1995 the Sol Plaatje Municipality Kimberley in South Africa s Northern Cape Province was named in Plaatje s honour 1996 Sol Plaatje Selected writings ed Brian Willan is published by the University of Witwatersrand Press 1998 an honorary doctorate was posthumously conferred on Plaatje by the University of the North West with several of his descendants present 21 1998 Plaatje s grave in West End Cemetery Kimberley was declared a national monument now a provincial heritage site 22 It was only the second grave in South African history to be awarded national monument status 23 2000 The Diamond Fields Advertiser launches the Sol T Plaatje Memorial Award to honour the top Setswana and top English matriculant each year in the Northern Cape The first recipients are Claire Reddie English and Neo Molefi Setswana 24 2000 the Department of Education building in Pretoria was renamed Sol Plaatje House on 15 June 2000 in honour of this political giant and consummate educator 17 2000 the South African Post Office issued a series of stamps featuring writers of the Boer War with Plaatje appearing on the 1 30 Rand stamp The series also includes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Winston Churchill Johanna Brandt and the Anglo Boer War Medal 25 2000 the African National Congress initiated the Sol Plaatje Award one of a number of annual achievement awards The Sol Plaatje Award recognises the best performing ANC branch 26 2002 the Sol Plaatje Media Leadership Institute was established within Rhodes University s Department of Journalism and Media Studies 27 2005 the Saulspoort Dam was renamed Sol Plaatje Dam although not in honour of Sol Plaatje the man but in remembrance of 41 Sol Plaatje Municipal workers drowned in a bus disaster there on 1 May 2003 28 29 2007 the Sol Plaatje Prize for Translation was instituted by the English Academy of South Africa awarded bi annually for translation of prose or poetry into English from any of the other South African official languages 2009 the Sol Plaatje Power Station at the Sol Plaatje Dam was commissioned the first commercial small hydro power station constructed in South Africa in 22 years 30 31 2009 Sol Plaatje was honoured in the Posthumous Literary Award given by the South African Literary Awards 2010 the first Plaatje Festival held in Mahikeng hosted by the North West Province Departments of Sport Arts and Culture and of Education on 5 and 6 November 2010 It brought together Plaatje and Molema descendants poets journalists scholars language practitioners educators and learners who paid tribute to this brilliant Setswana man of letters 17 2010 a statue of Sol Plaatje seated and writing at a desk was unveiled in Kimberley by South African President Jacob Zuma on 9 January 2010 the 98th anniversary of the founding of the African National Congress By sculptor Johan Moolman it was erected at Kimberley s Civic Centre formerly the Malay Camp and situated approximately where Plaatje had his printing press in 1910 13 32 2011 the European Union Sol Plaatje Poetry Competition was inaugurated honouring the spirit of the legendary intellectual giant Sol Plaatje the activist linguist and translator novelist journalist and leader Winners work has been published in an annual anthology since the competition s inauguration 33 2012 Seetsele Modiri Molema s Lover of his people a biography of Sol Plaatje was published Translated and edited by D S Matjila and Karen Haire the manuscript Sol T Plaatje Morata Wabo dating from the 1960s was the first Plaatje biography written in his mother tongue Setswana and the only book length biography written by someone who actually knew Plaatje 34 2013 the naming of the Sol Plaatje University in Kimberley which opened in 2014 was announced by President Jacob Zuma on 25 July 2013 1 35 2013 the renaming of UNISA s Florida Campus Library as the Sol Plaatje Library unveiled on 30 July 2013 36 Schools in Kimberley and Mahikeng are named after Sol Plaatje 2016 Sol Plaatje s Native Life in South Africa Past and Present by Brian Willan Janet Remmington and Bhekizizwe Peterson is published by University of Witwatersrand University Press and goes on to win Best Non Fiction Edited Volume in the 2018 NIHSS Awards 37 2018 Sol Plaatje A life of Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje 1876 1932 by Brian Willan is published by Jacana Media and goes on to win Best Non Fiction Biography in the 2020 NIHSS Awards 38 2020 Sol Plaatje s Mhudi History Criticism Celebration a collection of essays edited by Sabata Mpho Mokae and Brian Willan is published by Jacana Media 39 Original writing EditThe Boer War Diary of Sol T Plaatje an African at Mafeking Macmillan 1973 ISBN 978 0 86954 002 2 with John L Comaroff The Essential Interpreter circa 1909 an essay Mhudi an epic of South African native life a hundred years ago Negro Universities Press 1930 ISBN 9780837129303 Native Life in South Africa London P S King and Son Ltd 1916 ISBN 978 3 8491 6441 6 Sechuana Proverbs with Literal Translations and Their European Equivalents by Solomon T Plaatje K Paul Trench Trubner and Company 1916 A Sechuana Reader in International Phonetic Orthography with English Translations Arts amp Culture Trust 1916 Bantu Folk Tales and Poems Selected writings Johannesburg University of the Witwatersrand Press 1996 ISBN 978 1 86814 303 0 ed Brian WillanTranslations of Shakespeare EditDikhontsho tsa bo Juliuse Kesara Julius Caesar 40 Diphosho phosho The Comedy of Errors 41 Both of these were called remarkably good translations in a 1949 study 42 References Edit a b Address by the President of South Africa during the announcement of new Interim Councils and names of the New Universities 25 July 2013 retrieved 25 July 2013 a b c d e Van Wyk 2003 a b c Plaatjie 1996 p foreword sfn error no target CITEREFPlaatjie1996 help Letter from George W Lattimore to W E B Du Bois 21 August 1923 W E B Du Bois Papers credo Retrieved 13 October 2014 Topp Fargion Janet Sol t Plaatje The hidden recording in Playback Bulletin of the British Library National Sound Archive No 12 Autumn 1995 pp 2 4 Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje Sol Plaatje Mafikeng Capital City North West Province South Africa Archived 13 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine at www tourismnorthwest co za Willan 1984 p 389 sfn error multiple targets 2 CITEREFWillan1984 help a b Willan 1984 p 390 sfn error multiple targets 2 CITEREFWillan1984 help Plaatje amp Comaroff 1973 sfn error multiple targets 2 CITEREFPlaatjeComaroff1973 help Couzens 1973 Gray 1976 Gray 1977 Plaatje Sol T 1978 1930 Mhudi Ed Stephen Gray Oxford Heinemann Educational Books Plaatje Sol T Native Life in South Africa Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion Johannesburg Ravan The literature police chronology Willan 1984 sfn error multiple targets 2 CITEREFWillan1984 help a b c Department of Basic Education Sol Plaatje House explanation written by Dr Karen Haire for the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust 32 Angel Street Kimberley 8301 retrieved 26 July 2013 Government Gazette of South Africa No 14048 Pretoria 19 June 1992 Rall 2003 Mokae 2010 Reeves Jacqui 24 April 1998 Posthumous doctorate for Plaatje The Star Archived from the original on 16 November 2007 Retrieved 20 August 2015 via African National Congress Government Gazette of South Africa No 18694 Pretoria 27 February 1998 Diamond Fields Advertiser Wednesday 17 October 2001 Tsala ea Batho Kimberley p 10 Diamond Fields Advertiser Wednesday 17 October 2001 Tsala ea Batho Kimberley p 12 Anglo Boer War Writers stamps Trussel com ANC Annual Achievement Awards Archived 3 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine Sol Plaatje Institute retrieved 10 August 2013 Government Gazette REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Vol 478 Pretoria 1 April 2005 No 27408 retrieved 16 August 2013 Drama at bus tragedy service News24 com 5 May 2003 retrieved 16 August 2013 Infrastructure news Article Infrastructure news Retrieved 11 October 2012 Bethlehem Hydro Brochure PDF Bethlehem Hydro Archived from the original PDF on 29 January 2012 Retrieved 10 July 2012 Plaatje Statue unveiled Diamond Fields Advertiser 11 January 2010 p 6 Contrary to Sunday Argus and Independent on Line reports 10 January 2010 at 12 42PM suggesting that this took place in Cape Town Sol Plaatje European Union Poetry Anthology Archived 4 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Molema 2012 New universities names revealed News24 25 July 2013 All in the name of science campus buildings renamed retrieved 16 August 2013 Wits Press book on Sol Plaatje and the land issue wins the Non fiction Edited Volume category at the 2018 HSS awards Wits University Press 20 March 2018 Retrieved 24 July 2021 1 2 Midgley 1997 p 15 Midgley 1997 p 17 Hellmann et al p 601 sfn error no target CITEREFHellmannAbrahams1949here R H W Shepherd African Literature help Other relevant literature Edit Hellmann Ellen Abrahams Leah eds 1949 Handbook on Race Relations in South Africa Published for the South African Institute of Race Relations Cape Town Oxford University Press Matjila D S and K Haire 2004 Echoes of and affinities with Bogosi kingship in the works of Sol T Plaatje South African Journal of African Languages Volume 34 2014 Issue 1 Midgley Peter 1997 Sol Plaatje An Introduction Grahamstown National English Literary Museum ISBN 978 1 874941 12 5 Mokae Sabata mpho 2010 The Story of Sol T Plaatje Sol Plaatje Educational Trust ISBN 978 0 9814236 3 0 Molema S M 2012 D S Matjila amp K Haire ed Lover of His People A Biography of Sol Plaatje ISBN 978 1 86814 601 7 Plaatje Solomon Tshekisho Comaroff John L 1973 The Boer War Diary of Sol T Plaatje an African at Mafeking Macmillan ISBN 978 0 86954 002 2 Plaatje Sol Solomon Tshekisho 1998 Native Life in South Africa London P S King and Son Ltd ISBN 978 3 8491 6441 6 Rall Maureen 2003 Peaceable Warrior The Life and Times of Sol T Plaatje Sol Plaatje Educational Trust ISBN 9780620292375 Van Wyk Chris 2003 Sol Plaatje Awareness Publishing ISBN 978 1 919910 82 6 Willan Brian 1984 Sol Plaatje South African Nationalist 1876 1932 Berkeley and Los Angeles University of California Press ISBN 978 0 520 05334 2 Willan Brian 1984 Sol Plaatje A Biography Johannesburg Ravan ISBN 978 0 86975 252 4 Couzens T J 1971 The Dark Side of the World Sol Plaatje s Mhudi English Studies in Africa 14 2 187 203 doi 10 1080 00138397108690662 ISSN 0013 8398 1973 Sol Plaatje s Mhudi Journal of Commonwealth Literature 8 1 1 19 doi 10 1177 002198947300800102 S2CID 220048537 Couzens Tim 1987 Sol T Plaatje and the First South African Epic English in Africa 14 41 65 Gray Stephen 1976 Sources of the first black South African novel in English PDF Munger Africana Notes 1977 Sources of the first black South African novel in English 4 1 Grahamstown Institute for the Study of English in Africa Rhodes University 1 6 JSTOR 40238385 Cite journal requires journal help Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sol Plaatje South Africa portal Biography portal Education portal Christianity portalFurther reading EditChrisman Laura 2000 Rereading the Imperial Romance British Imperialism and South African Resistance in Haggard Schreiner and Plaatje Oxford Clarendon ISBN 978 0 19 812299 9 De Villiers G E 2000 Servant of Africa The life and times of Sol T Plaatje Pretoria Stimela ISBN 9781919813141 OCLC 45034833 Midgley Peter 2000 South African Writers In Paul A Scanlon ed Dictionary of Literary Biography South African writers Detroit Gale Group pp 346 357 ISBN 978 0 7876 3134 5 Pampallis John 1992 Sol Plaatje Cape Town Maskew Miller Longman ISBN 978 0 636 01658 3 Haire Karen D S Matjila 2012 Lover of His People A biography of Sol Plaatje Johannesburg University of Witwatersrand Press Willan Brian Remmington Janet Peterson Bhekizizwe 2016 Sol Plaatje s Native Life in South Africa Past and Present Johannesburg University of Witwatersrand Press ISBN 9781868149827 Willan Brian 2018 Sol Plaatje A life of Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje 1876 1932 Johannesburg Jacana Media ISBN 9781431426447 US edition published 2019 1 External links EditA biography and chronology of his life Works by Sol Plaatje at Project Gutenberg Native Life in South Africa at Project Gutenberg Audio Recordings Audio from South African Music Archive Project info Archive papers comprising biographical material papers notes correspondence and photographs of Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje are held by SOAS Special Collections Digitised material from the collection is available to view here https www upress virginia edu title 5320 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sol Plaatje amp oldid 1053178636, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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