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Solar eclipse of October 3, 2005

An annular solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on October 3, 2005 with a magnitude of 0.958. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Occurring only 4.8 days after apogee (September 28, 2005), the Moon's apparent diameter was smaller. It was visible from a narrow corridor through the Iberian peninsula and Africa. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including all of Europe, Africa and southwestern Asia. The Sun was 96% covered in a moderate annular eclipse, lasting 4 minutes and 32 seconds and covering a broad path up to 162 km wide. The next solar eclipse in Africa occurred just 6 months later.

Solar eclipse of October 3, 2005
Annular from Madrid, Spain
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureAnnular
Gamma0.3306
Magnitude0.9576
Maximum eclipse
Duration272 sec (4 m 32 s)
Coordinates12°54′N28°42′E /12.9°N 28.7°E /12.9; 28.7
Max. width of band162 km (101 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin3:53:56
(U1) Total begin18:40:59
Greatest eclipse10:32:47
(U4) Total end1:22:35
(P4) Partial end24:27:52
References
Saros134 (43 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9520

It was the 43rd eclipse of the 134th Saros cycle, which began with a partial eclipse on June 22, 1248 and will conclude with a partial eclipse on August 6, 2510.

Contents

The path of the eclipse began in the North Atlantic ocean at 08:41 universal time (UT). The antumbra reached Madrid, Spain at 08:56 UT, lasting four minutes and eleven seconds and 90% of the Sun was covered by the Moon. The antumbra reached Algiers at 09:05 UT, then passed through Tunisia and Libya before heading southeast through Sudan, Kenya and Somalia. The shadow then moved out over the Indian Ocean until it terminated at sunset, 12:22 UT.

The maximum eclipse duration occurred in central Sudan at 10:31:42 UT, where it lasted for 4m 31s when the Sun was 71° above the horizon.

The motion of the shadow was supersonic and it generated gravity waves that were detectable as disturbances in the ionosphere. These gravity waves originate in the thermosphere at an altitude of about 180 km. Because of the obscuration of solar radiation, the ionization level dropped by 70% during the eclipse. The eclipse caused a 1–1.4 K drop in the temperature of the ionosphere.

Eclipses of 2005

Tzolkinex

Half-Saros

Tritos

Solar Saros 134

Inex

Solar eclipses 2004–2007

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2004–2007
Ascending node Descending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
119 2004 April 19

Partial (south)
-1.13345 124 2004 October 14

Partial (north)
1.03481
129

Partial from Naiguatá
2005 April 08

Hybrid
-0.34733 134

Annular from Madrid, Spain
2005 October 03

Annular
0.33058
139

Total from Side, Turkey
2006 March 29

Total
0.38433 144

Partial from São Paulo, Brazil
2006 September 22

Annular
-0.40624
149

From Jaipur, India
2007 March 19

Partial (north)
1.07277 154

From Córdoba, Argentina
2007 September 11

Partial (south)
-1.12552

Saros 134

It is a part of Saros cycle 134, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 22, 1248. It contains total eclipses from October 9, 1428 through December 24, 1554 and hybrid eclipses from January 3, 1573 through June 27, 1843, and annular eclipses from July 8, 1861 through May 21, 2384. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on August 6, 2510. The longest duration of totality was 1 minutes, 30 seconds on October 9, 1428. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.

Series members 32–48 occur between 1801 and 2100:
32 33 34

June 6, 1807

June 16, 1825

June 27, 1843
35 36 37

July 8, 1861

July 19, 1879

July 29, 1897
38 39 40

August 10, 1915

August 21, 1933

September 1, 1951
41 42 43

September 11, 1969

September 23, 1987

October 3, 2005
44 45 46

October 14, 2023

October 25, 2041

November 5, 2059
47 48

November 15, 2077

November 27, 2095

Metonic cycle

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

21 events between July 22, 1971 and July 22, 2047
July 21–22 May 9–11 February 26–27 December 14–15 October 2–3
106 108 110 112 114
July 21, 1952 May 10, 1956 February 26, 1960 December 16, 1963 October 3, 1967
116 118 120 122 124

July 22, 1971

May 11, 1975

February 26, 1979

December 15, 1982

October 3, 1986
126 128 130 132 134

July 22, 1990

May 10, 1994

February 26, 1998

December 14, 2001

October 3, 2005
136 138 140 142 144

July 22, 2009

May 10, 2013

February 26, 2017

December 14, 2020

October 2, 2024
146 148 150 152 154

July 22, 2028

May 9, 2032

February 27, 2036

December 15, 2039

October 3, 2043
156

July 22, 2047
  1. Espenak, Fred. "Annular Solar Eclipse of 2005 October 03". NASA/GSFC. Retrieved2009-09-23.
  2. Jakowski, N.; et al. (April 2008). "Ionospheric behavior over Europe during the solar eclipse of 3 October 2005". Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 70 (6): 836–853. Bibcode:2008JASTP..70..836J. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2007.02.016.
  3. Šauli, P.; et al. (December 2007). "Acoustic–gravity waves during solar eclipses: Detection and characterization using wavelet transforms"(PDF). Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 69 (17–18): 2465–2484. Bibcode:2007JASTP..69.2465S. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2007.06.012.
  4. Burmaka, V. P.; et al. (2007). "Tropospheric-ionospheric effects of the 3 October 2005 partial solar eclipse in Kharkiv". Kosmichna Nauka I Tekhnologiya. 13 (6): 74–86. Bibcode:2007KosNT..13f..74B. doi:10.15407/knit2007.06.074.
  5. van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved6 October 2018.
  6. http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros134.html

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Solar eclipse of October 3, 2005
Solar eclipse of October 3 2005 Language Watch Edit An annular solar eclipse occurred at the Moon s descending node of the orbit on October 3 2005 with a magnitude of 0 958 A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon s apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun s blocking most of the Sun s light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus ring An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide Occurring only 4 8 days after apogee September 28 2005 the Moon s apparent diameter was smaller It was visible from a narrow corridor through the Iberian peninsula and Africa A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon s penumbra including all of Europe Africa and southwestern Asia The Sun was 96 covered in a moderate annular eclipse lasting 4 minutes and 32 seconds and covering a broad path up to 162 km wide The next solar eclipse in Africa occurred just 6 months later Solar eclipse of October 3 2005Annular from Madrid SpainMapType of eclipseNatureAnnularGamma0 3306Magnitude0 9576Maximum eclipseDuration272 sec 4 m 32 s Coordinates12 54 N 28 42 E 12 9 N 28 7 E 12 9 28 7Max width of band162 km 101 mi Times UTC P1 Partial begin3 53 56 U1 Total begin18 40 59Greatest eclipse10 32 47 U4 Total end1 22 35 P4 Partial end24 27 52ReferencesSaros134 43 of 71 Catalog SE5000 9520 It was the 43rd eclipse of the 134th Saros cycle which began with a partial eclipse on June 22 1248 and will conclude with a partial eclipse on August 6 2510 Contents 1 Visibility 2 Images 3 Related eclipses 3 1 Eclipses of 2005 3 2 Tzolkinex 3 3 Half Saros 3 4 Tritos 3 5 Solar Saros 134 3 6 Inex 3 7 Solar eclipses 2004 2007 3 8 Saros 134 3 9 Metonic cycle 4 Notes 5 ReferencesVisibility EditThe path of the eclipse began in the North Atlantic ocean at 08 41 universal time UT The antumbra reached Madrid Spain at 08 56 UT lasting four minutes and eleven seconds and 90 of the Sun was covered by the Moon The antumbra reached Algiers at 09 05 UT then passed through Tunisia and Libya before heading southeast through Sudan Kenya and Somalia The shadow then moved out over the Indian Ocean until it terminated at sunset 12 22 UT 1 The maximum eclipse duration occurred in central Sudan at 10 31 42 UT where it lasted for 4m 31s when the Sun was 71 above the horizon 1 The motion of the shadow was supersonic and it generated gravity waves that were detectable as disturbances in the ionosphere These gravity waves originate in the thermosphere at an altitude of about 180 km Because of the obscuration of solar radiation the ionization level dropped by 70 during the eclipse 2 3 The eclipse caused a 1 1 4 K drop in the temperature of the ionosphere 4 Images Edit Satellite image showing the moon s shadow over East Africa Animation from Medina del Campo Spain Santa Maria de Lamas Portugal 9 00 UTC Eclipse projection through leaves in St Julian s Malta Saintes France 9 36 UTC Chennai India 11 33 UTC Eclipse sequence from Degania A IsraelRelated eclipses EditEclipses of 2005 Edit A hybrid solar eclipse on April 8 A penumbral lunar eclipse on April 24 An annular solar eclipse on October 3 A partial lunar eclipse on October 17 Tzolkinex Edit Preceded Solar eclipse of August 22 1998Followed Solar eclipse of November 13 2012Half Saros Edit Preceded Lunar eclipse of September 27 1996Followed Lunar eclipse of October 8 2014Tritos Edit Preceded Solar eclipse of November 3 1994Followed Solar eclipse of September 1 2016Solar Saros 134 Edit Preceded Solar eclipse of September 23 1987Followed Solar eclipse of October 14 2023Inex Edit Preceded Solar eclipse of October 23 1976Followed Solar eclipse of September 12 2034Solar eclipses 2004 2007 Edit This eclipse is a member of a semester series An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours a semester at alternating nodes of the Moon s orbit 5 Solar eclipse series sets from 2004 2007Ascending node Descending nodeSaros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma119 2004 April 19 Partial south 1 13345 124 2004 October 14 Partial north 1 03481129 Partial from Naiguata 2005 April 08 Hybrid 0 34733 134 Annular from Madrid Spain 2005 October 03 Annular 0 33058139 Total from Side Turkey 2006 March 29 Total 0 38433 144 Partial from Sao Paulo Brazil 2006 September 22 Annular 0 40624149 From Jaipur India 2007 March 19 Partial north 1 07277 154 From Cordoba Argentina 2007 September 11 Partial south 1 12552Saros 134 Edit It is a part of Saros cycle 134 repeating every 18 years 11 days containing 71 events The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 22 1248 It contains total eclipses from October 9 1428 through December 24 1554 and hybrid eclipses from January 3 1573 through June 27 1843 and annular eclipses from July 8 1861 through May 21 2384 The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on August 6 2510 The longest duration of totality was 1 minutes 30 seconds on October 9 1428 All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon s descending node 6 Series members 32 48 occur between 1801 and 2100 32 33 34 June 6 1807 June 16 1825 June 27 184335 36 37 July 8 1861 July 19 1879 July 29 189738 39 40 August 10 1915 August 21 1933 September 1 195141 42 43 September 11 1969 September 23 1987 October 3 200544 45 46 October 14 2023 October 25 2041 November 5 205947 48 November 15 2077 November 27 2095Metonic cycle Edit The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years 6939 69 days lasting about 5 cycles Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date In addition the octon subseries repeats 1 5 of that or every 3 8 years 1387 94 days All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon s descending node 21 events between July 22 1971 and July 22 2047July 21 22 May 9 11 February 26 27 December 14 15 October 2 3106 108 110 112 114July 21 1952 May 10 1956 February 26 1960 December 16 1963 October 3 1967116 118 120 122 124 July 22 1971 May 11 1975 February 26 1979 December 15 1982 October 3 1986126 128 130 132 134 July 22 1990 May 10 1994 February 26 1998 December 14 2001 October 3 2005136 138 140 142 144 July 22 2009 May 10 2013 February 26 2017 December 14 2020 October 2 2024146 148 150 152 154 July 22 2028 May 9 2032 February 27 2036 December 15 2039 October 3 2043156 July 22 2047Notes Edit a b Espenak Fred Annular Solar Eclipse of 2005 October 03 NASA GSFC Retrieved 2009 09 23 Jakowski N et al April 2008 Ionospheric behavior over Europe during the solar eclipse of 3 October 2005 Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics 70 6 836 853 Bibcode 2008JASTP 70 836J doi 10 1016 j jastp 2007 02 016 Sauli P et al December 2007 Acoustic gravity waves during solar eclipses Detection and characterization using wavelet transforms PDF Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics 69 17 18 2465 2484 Bibcode 2007JASTP 69 2465S doi 10 1016 j jastp 2007 06 012 Burmaka V P et al 2007 Tropospheric ionospheric effects of the 3 October 2005 partial solar eclipse in Kharkiv Kosmichna Nauka I Tekhnologiya 13 6 74 86 Bibcode 2007KosNT 13f 74B doi 10 15407 knit2007 06 074 van Gent R H Solar and Lunar Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles Utrecht University Retrieved 6 October 2018 http eclipse gsfc nasa gov SEsaros SEsaros134 htmlReferences EditEarth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak NASA GSFC Google interactive map Besselian elements Photos Photos of solar eclipse around the world Spaceweather com solar eclipse gallery Annular Solar Eclipse at High Resolution APOD 10 5 2005 annularity from Spain Annular Eclipse Madrid APOD 10 7 2005 annularity from Buen Retiro Park Madrid Spain Annular Eclipse Shirt APOD 10 14 2005 from Madrid Spain Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar eclipse of 2005 October 3 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Solar 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