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Solec Kujawski

Solec Kujawski (German: Schulitz) is a town with 15,505 inhabitants and an area of 176 km², situated 14 kilometres southeast of Bydgoszcz in Poland at 53°4′N18°14′E /53.067°N 18.233°E /53.067; 18.233. Solec Kujawski belongs to the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. The town features Saint Stanislaus in its coat of arms. It is located within the historic region of Kuyavia.

Solec Kujawski
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Coat of arms
Solec Kujawski
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Solec Kujawski
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Coordinates:53°5′N18°14′E /53.083°N 18.233°E /53.083; 18.233Coordinates: 53°5′N18°14′E /53.083°N 18.233°E /53.083; 18.233
CountryPoland
VoivodeshipKuyavian-Pomeranian
CountyBydgoszcz
GminaSolec Kujawski
First mentioned1263
Town rights1325
Area
• Total18.68 km2 (7.21 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
• Total15,060
• Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86-050
Vehicle registrationCBY
Websitehttp://www.soleckujawski.pl

Contents

  • Makowiska
  • Otorowo
  • Przyłubie
  • Solec Kujawski - City
  • Wypaleniska
Saint Stanislaus church

The oldest known mention of Solec dates back to 1263, when it was part of the Duchy of Kuyavia within fragmented Piast-ruled Poland. From 1267 it was part of the Polish Duchy of Inowrocław, which in the 14th century was transformed into the Inowrocław Voivodeship of the Polish Crown, which soon became part of the larger Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown. In 1325 Duke Przemysł of Inowrocław vested Solec with town rights, which were confirmed by various Polish kings in the following centuries.

In the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the town was annexed by Prussia, which introduced Germanisation policies, confiscated Polish estates and limited Polish education. In 1807 Solec was regained by Poles and included within the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw, and in 1815 it was re-annexed by Prussia, initially as part of the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznań. After the unsuccessful Polish November Uprising of 1830–1831, Germanisation policies intensified, and in 1832 the Prussians completely removed the Polish language from offices. After World War I, in 1918, Poland regained independence, and the Greater Poland Uprising broke out, which goal was to reunite the region and town with Poland. A battle was fought nearby, and the town was eventually reintegrated with Poland.

Just before the outbreak of World War II, the Poles were preparing for the German invasion, while the local German minority members were preparing to carry out crimes against Poles. Local Germans carried out acts of sabotage against the Polish Army even before the German army entered the town on September 7, 1939, and afterwards they were organized into the Selbstschutz whose task was to exterminate Poles. During the German invasion of Poland, Wehrmacht soldiers and local German minority members murdered 44 people from the town already on September 14. Some of the victims were brutally beaten with rifles (up to the point that they broke apart). The town was then occupied by Germany until 1945. 42 Poles from Solec were executed by the Germans in October and early November 1939 in various places in the town. Some Poles were dragged out of their homes at night by the Selbstschutz and shot in the municipal park. Others were imprisoned by the Selbstschutz, beaten unconscious and murdered on the spot or at the local market. On the outskirts of the town, the Selbstschutz murdered at least 50 Poles, who hailed from Pomerania. The town was subjected to harsh Germanisation policies, Polish schools were closed down, and the usage of the Polish language was forbidden. The Germans destroyed both the memorial and the tombstone of Polish insurgents of 1918–1919. About 1,000 Poles were expelled from Solec to the General Government, and some were also deported to Nazi concentration camps. Jan Mąkowski, local Catholic parish priest in the 1920s, was imprisoned in the Stutthof and Sachsenhausen concentration camps, and killed in the latter in 1940. The Germans brought English, Italian, French and Russian prisoners of war to the town as forced labour.

In the final stages of the war Solec was restored to Poland. The memorial and the tombstone of Polish insurgents of 1918–1919 were rebuilt, and a new monument, which also commemorates the fallen in World War II, was erected in 1999.

The dinosaur park JuraPark Solec [pl] is located in the town. The Duke Przemysł Museum of Solec (Muzeum Solca im. księcia Przemysła) is the local historic museum. South of Solec Kujawski there is the longwave-transmitter Solec Kujawski.

The local football team is Unia Solec Kujawski [pl]. It competes in the lower leagues.

  • Town hall

  • Museum of Solec

  • JuraPark Solec

  • Sacred Heart church

  1. Marta Olszowiec. "Pod zaborami". Solec Kujawski (in Polish). Retrieved1 November 2020.
  2. "Solec Kujawski (miasto w powiecie bydgoskim)". Instytut Pamięci Narodowej (in Polish). Retrieved1 November 2020.
  3. Marta Olszowiec. "II wojna światowa". Solec Kujawski (in Polish). Retrieved1 November 2020.
  4. Szymon Datner "55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce" page 387-388
  5. Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 160-161 (in Polish)
  6. Wardzyńska, p. 161
  7. "Jan Mąkowski" (in Polish). Retrieved1 November 2020.



Solec Kujawski
Solec Kujawski Language Watch Edit Solec Kujawski ˈsɔlɛt s kuˈjafskʲi German Schulitz is a town with 15 505 inhabitants and an area of 176 km situated 14 kilometres southeast of Bydgoszcz in Poland at 53 4 N 18 14 E 53 067 N 18 233 E 53 067 18 233 Solec Kujawski belongs to the Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship The town features Saint Stanislaus in its coat of arms It is located within the historic region of Kuyavia Solec KujawskiFlagCoat of armsSolec KujawskiShow map of PolandSolec KujawskiShow map of Kuyavian Pomeranian VoivodeshipCoordinates 53 5 N 18 14 E 53 083 N 18 233 E 53 083 18 233 Coordinates 53 5 N 18 14 E 53 083 N 18 233 E 53 083 18 233Country PolandVoivodeshipKuyavian PomeranianCountyBydgoszczGminaSolec KujawskiFirst mentioned1263Town rights1325Area Total18 68 km2 7 21 sq mi Population 2006 Total15 060 Density810 km2 2 100 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code86 050Vehicle registrationCBYWebsitehttp www soleckujawski pl Contents 1 Urban parts 2 History 3 Points of interest 4 Sports 5 Gallery 6 ReferencesUrban parts EditMakowiska Otorowo Przylubie Solec Kujawski City WypaleniskaHistory Edit Saint Stanislaus church The oldest known mention of Solec dates back to 1263 when it was part of the Duchy of Kuyavia within fragmented Piast ruled Poland From 1267 it was part of the Polish Duchy of Inowroclaw which in the 14th century was transformed into the Inowroclaw Voivodeship of the Polish Crown which soon became part of the larger Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown In 1325 Duke Przemysl of Inowroclaw vested Solec with town rights which were confirmed by various Polish kings in the following centuries In the First Partition of Poland in 1772 the town was annexed by Prussia which introduced Germanisation policies confiscated Polish estates and limited Polish education 1 In 1807 Solec was regained by Poles and included within the short lived Duchy of Warsaw and in 1815 it was re annexed by Prussia initially as part of the semi autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznan 1 After the unsuccessful Polish November Uprising of 1830 1831 Germanisation policies intensified and in 1832 the Prussians completely removed the Polish language from offices 1 After World War I in 1918 Poland regained independence and the Greater Poland Uprising broke out which goal was to reunite the region and town with Poland A battle was fought nearby 2 and the town was eventually reintegrated with Poland Just before the outbreak of World War II the Poles were preparing for the German invasion while the local German minority members were preparing to carry out crimes against Poles 3 Local Germans carried out acts of sabotage against the Polish Army even before the German army entered the town on September 7 1939 and afterwards they were organized into the Selbstschutz whose task was to exterminate Poles 3 During the German invasion of Poland Wehrmacht soldiers and local German minority members murdered 44 people from the town already on September 14 Some of the victims were brutally beaten with rifles up to the point that they broke apart 4 The town was then occupied by Germany until 1945 42 Poles from Solec were executed by the Germans in October and early November 1939 in various places in the town 5 Some Poles were dragged out of their homes at night by the Selbstschutz and shot in the municipal park 5 Others were imprisoned by the Selbstschutz beaten unconscious and murdered on the spot or at the local market 5 On the outskirts of the town the Selbstschutz murdered at least 50 Poles who hailed from Pomerania 6 The town was subjected to harsh Germanisation policies Polish schools were closed down and the usage of the Polish language was forbidden 3 The Germans destroyed both the memorial and the tombstone of Polish insurgents of 1918 1919 2 About 1 000 Poles were expelled from Solec to the General Government and some were also deported to Nazi concentration camps 3 Jan Makowski local Catholic parish priest in the 1920s was imprisoned in the Stutthof and Sachsenhausen concentration camps and killed in the latter in 1940 7 The Germans brought English Italian French and Russian prisoners of war to the town as forced labour 3 In the final stages of the war Solec was restored to Poland The memorial and the tombstone of Polish insurgents of 1918 1919 were rebuilt and a new monument which also commemorates the fallen in World War II was erected in 1999 2 Points of interest EditThe dinosaur park JuraPark Solec pl is located in the town The Duke Przemysl Museum of Solec Muzeum Solca im ksiecia Przemysla is the local historic museum South of Solec Kujawski there is the longwave transmitter Solec Kujawski Sports EditThe local football team is Unia Solec Kujawski pl It competes in the lower leagues Gallery Edit Town hall Museum of Solec JuraPark Solec Sacred Heart churchReferences Edit a b c Marta Olszowiec Pod zaborami Solec Kujawski in Polish Retrieved 1 November 2020 a b c Solec Kujawski miasto w powiecie bydgoskim Instytut Pamieci Narodowej in Polish Retrieved 1 November 2020 a b c d e Marta Olszowiec II wojna swiatowa Solec Kujawski in Polish Retrieved 1 November 2020 Szymon Datner 55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce page 387 388 a b c Maria Wardzynska Byl rok 1939 Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczenstwa w Polsce Intelligenzaktion IPN Warszawa 2009 p 160 161 in Polish Wardzynska p 161 Jan Makowski in Polish Retrieved 1 November 2020 This Bydgoszcz County location article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Solec Kujawski amp oldid 1014238618, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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