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Soleidae

This article is about soles of the family Soleidae. For soles of all families, see sole (fish).

The true soles are a family, Soleidae, of flatfishes. It includes saltwater and brackish water species in the East Atlantic, Indian Ocean, and West and Central Pacific Ocean. Freshwater species are found in Africa, southern Asia, New Guinea, and Australia.

In the past, soles of the Americas (both fresh and salt water) were included in this family, but they have been separated to their own family, the American soles (Achiridae). The only true sole remaining in that region is Aseraggodes herrei of the Galápagos and Cocos Island.

The true soles are bottom-dwelling fishes feeding on small crustaceans and other invertebrates. The family contains 30 genera and a total of about 180 species.

Soles begin life as bilaterally symmetric larvae, with an eye on each side of the head, but during development, the left eye moves around onto the right side of the head. Adult soles lie on their left (blind) sides on the sea floor, often covered in mud, which in combination with their dark colours, makes them hard to spot.

A flatfish resembling a small halibut or sole was observed by the Bathyscaphe Trieste at the bottom of the Mariana Trench at a depth around 11 km (36,000 ft). This observation has been questioned by fish experts, and recent authorities do not recognize it as valid.

Many soles are important food species: the common sole, Solea solea, is popular in northern Europe and the Mediterranean.

Wikimedia Commons has media related toSoleidae.
  1. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Soleidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  2. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Aseraggodes herrei" in FishBase. May 2014 version.
  3. BBC News (23 February 2012). Meet the only man alive who has been to the deepest ocean.. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  4. Jamieson, A.J., and Yancey, P. H. (2012). On the Validity of the Trieste Flatfish: Dispelling the Myth. The Biological Bulletin 222(3): 171-175

Soleidae
Soleidae Language Watch Edit This article is about soles of the family Soleidae For soles of all families see sole fish The true soles are a family Soleidae of flatfishes It includes saltwater and brackish water species in the East Atlantic Indian Ocean and West and Central Pacific Ocean Freshwater species are found in Africa southern Asia New Guinea and Australia SolesSand sole Pegusa lascarisScientific classificationKingdom AnimaliaPhylum ChordataClass ActinopterygiiOrder PleuronectiformesFamily Soleidae Bonaparte 1832Genera 1 Achiroides Aesopia Aseraggodes Austroglossus Barnardichthys Bathysolea Brachirus Buglossidium Dagetichthys Dexillus Dicologlossa Heteromycteris Leptachirus Liachirus Microchirus Monochirus Paradicula Pardachirus Pegusa Phyllichthys Pseudaesopia Rendahlia Rhinosolea Solea Soleichthys Synaptura Synapturichthys Synclidopus Typhlachirus Vanstraelenia Zebrias In the past soles of the Americas both fresh and salt water were included in this family but they have been separated to their own family the American soles Achiridae The only true sole remaining in that region is Aseraggodes herrei of the Galapagos and Cocos Island 2 The true soles are bottom dwelling fishes feeding on small crustaceans and other invertebrates The family contains 30 genera and a total of about 180 species Soles begin life as bilaterally symmetric larvae with an eye on each side of the head but during development the left eye moves around onto the right side of the head Adult soles lie on their left blind sides on the sea floor often covered in mud which in combination with their dark colours makes them hard to spot A flatfish resembling a small halibut or sole was observed by the Bathyscaphe Trieste at the bottom of the Mariana Trench at a depth around 11 km 36 000 ft 3 This observation has been questioned by fish experts and recent authorities do not recognize it as valid 4 Many soles are important food species the common sole Solea solea is popular in northern Europe and the Mediterranean Unicorn sole Aesopia cornuta Solenette Buglossidium luteum Common sole Solea soleaReferences EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Soleidae Froese Rainer and Daniel Pauly eds 2012 Soleidae in FishBase December 2012 version Froese Rainer and Pauly Daniel eds 2014 Aseraggodes herrei in FishBase May 2014 version BBC News 23 February 2012 Meet the only man alive who has been to the deepest ocean Retrieved 17 May 2014 Jamieson A J and Yancey P H 2012 On the Validity of the Trieste Flatfish Dispelling the Myth The Biological Bulletin 222 3 171 175 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Soleidae amp oldid 1010453892, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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