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Soltaniyeh

This article is about Historical capital of the Ilkhanate. For other uses, see Sultaniya (disambiguation).
"Saidiyeh" redirects here. For other uses, see Saidiyeh (disambiguation).

Soltaniyeh (Persian:سلطانيه‎, also Romanized as Solţānīyeh, Solţāneyyeh, Sultaniye, and Sultānīyeh; also known as Sa‘īdīyeh; Latin: Soltania/ Sultania) is the capital city of Soltaniyeh District of Soltaniyeh County, Zanjan Province, northwestern Iran.

Soltaniyeh

Contents

Soltaniyeh, located some 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the north-west of Tehran, was built as the capital of Mongol Ilkhanid rulers of Iran in the 14th century. Its name which refers to the Islamic ruler title sultan translates loosely as "the Regal". Soltaniyeh was visited by Ruy González de Clavijo, who reported that the city was a hub of silk exportation.

In 2005, UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites. The road from Zanjan to Soltaniyeh extends until it reaches to the Katale khor cave.

William Dalrymple notes that Öljaitü intended Soltaniyeh to be "the largest and most magnificent city in the world" but that it "died with him" and is now "a deserted, crumbling spread of ruins."

Established on 1 April 1318 as Latin Metropolitan Archdiocese of Soltania (Latin and Curiate Italian) or Soltaniyeh.

It 1329 the Latin Diocese of Samarcanda became its suffragan for the Chagatai Khanate, at least until Tamerlane (founder of the Uzbek Timurids) swept its see Samarkand.

Suppressed as residential see around 1450.

Residential archbishops

(all Roman Rite and European missionary members of the same Latin Order)

Metropolitan Archbishops of Soltania
  • Francesco da Perugia, Dominican Order O.P. (1318.08.01 – ?)
  • Guillaume Adam, O.P. (1322.10.06 – 1324.10.26); previously Archbishop of Smirna (Smyrna) (Asian Turkey, now Izmir) (1318 – 1322.10.06); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Bar (Montenegro) (1324.10.26 – death 1341)
  • Giovanni di Cori, O.P. (1329.08.09 – ?)
  • Guglielmo, O.P. (? – ?)
  • Giovanni di Piacenza, O.P. (1349.01.09 – ?)
  • Tommaso, O.P. (1368.02.28 – ?)
  • Domenico Manfredi, O.P. (1388.08.18 – ?)
  • Giovanni di Gallofonte, O.P. (1398.08.26 – ?)
  • Nicolò Roberti (1401.01.24 – ?); previously Bishop of Ferrara (Italy) (1393.02.04 – 1401.01.24)
  • Thomas Abaraner, O.P. (1425.12.19 – ?)
  • Giovanni, O.P. (1425.12.19 – ?)

Titular see

Transformed at its suppression as residential see in 1450 into a Latin Titular archbishopric, which was itself suppressed in 1926.

It has had the following incumbents, of both the fitting archiepiscopal (intermediary) and the (lower) episcopal ranks :

Wikimedia Commons has media related toSoltaniyeh.

http://sultaniyya.org/

  1. "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. Soltaniyeh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3081931" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)"(Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. Clavijo, Ruy Gonzalez de (1859). Narrative of the embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the court of Timour at Samarcand, A.D. 1403-6. p. 93. Retrieved10 April 2018.
  5. Dalrymple, William (1989). In Xanadu. pp. 128–129.
  6. سلطان گنبدها | جدید آنلاین. Jadidonline.com. Retrieved on 2012-02-10.
  7. Flash video. jadidonline.com
  • Hatef Naiemie, Atri (2020). "The Ilkhanid City of Sultaniyya: Some Remarks on the Citadel and the Outer City". Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies: 1–30. doi:10.1080/05786967.2020.1744469.
Preceded by
Capital of Ilkhanate (Persia)
1306-1335
Succeeded by
-

Soltaniyeh
Soltaniyeh Language Watch Edit This article is about Historical capital of the Ilkhanate For other uses see Sultaniya disambiguation Saidiyeh redirects here For other uses see Saidiyeh disambiguation Soltaniyeh Persian سلطانيه also Romanized as Solţaniyeh Solţaneyyeh Sultaniye and Sultaniyeh also known as Sa idiyeh 2 Latin Soltania Sultania is the capital city of Soltaniyeh District of Soltaniyeh County Zanjan Province northwestern Iran Soltaniyeh سلطانيهCityDome of SoltaniyehSoltaniyehCoordinates 36 26 05 N 48 47 51 E 36 43472 N 48 79750 E 36 43472 48 79750 Coordinates 36 26 05 N 48 47 51 E 36 43472 N 48 79750 E 36 43472 48 79750Country IranProvinceZanjanCountySoltaniyehBakhshSoltaniyehElevation1 784 m 5 853 ft Population 2016 Census Total7 638 1 Time zoneUTC 3 30 IRST Summer DST UTC 4 30 IRDT At the 2006 census its population was 5 684 in 1 649 families 3 Contents 1 History 2 Ecclesiastical history 2 1 Residential archbishops 2 2 Titular see 3 See also 4 Sources and external links 5 References 6 Further readingHistory EditSoltaniyeh located some 240 kilometres 150 mi to the north west of Tehran was built as the capital of Mongol Ilkhanid rulers of Iran in the 14th century Its name which refers to the Islamic ruler title sultan translates loosely as the Regal Soltaniyeh was visited by Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo who reported that the city was a hub of silk exportation 4 In 2005 UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites The road from Zanjan to Soltaniyeh extends until it reaches to the Katale khor cave William Dalrymple notes that Oljaitu intended Soltaniyeh to be the largest and most magnificent city in the world but that it died with him and is now a deserted crumbling spread of ruins 5 Ecclesiastical history EditEstablished on 1 April 1318 as Latin Metropolitan Archdiocese of Soltania Latin and Curiate Italian or Soltaniyeh It 1329 the Latin Diocese of Samarcanda became its suffragan for the Chagatai Khanate at least until Tamerlane founder of the Uzbek Timurids swept its see Samarkand Suppressed as residential see around 1450 Residential archbishops Edit all Roman Rite and European missionary members of the same Latin Order Metropolitan Archbishops of SoltaniaFrancesco da Perugia Dominican Order O P 1318 08 01 Guillaume Adam O P 1322 10 06 1324 10 26 previously Archbishop of Smirna Smyrna Asian Turkey now Izmir 1318 1322 10 06 later Metropolitan Archbishop of Bar Montenegro 1324 10 26 death 1341 Giovanni di Cori O P 1329 08 09 Guglielmo O P Giovanni di Piacenza O P 1349 01 09 Tommaso O P 1368 02 28 Domenico Manfredi O P 1388 08 18 Giovanni di Gallofonte O P 1398 08 26 Nicolo Roberti 1401 01 24 previously Bishop of Ferrara Italy 1393 02 04 1401 01 24 Thomas Abaraner O P 1425 12 19 Giovanni O P 1425 12 19 Titular see Edit Transformed at its suppression as residential see in 1450 into a Latin Titular archbishopric which was itself suppressed in 1926 It has had the following incumbents of both the fitting archiepiscopal intermediary and the lower episcopal ranks Titular Bishop Francisco Salazar Friars Minor O F M 1548 09 12 Titular Bishop Bishop elect Bernardino de Carmona 1551 07 10 Titular Archbishop Alberto Bitter 1922 10 09 1926 12 19 See also Edit Iran portal Dome of Soltaniyeh Ab Anbar List of Catholic dioceses in Central Asia Yakhchal Traditional water sources of Persian antiquitySources and external links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Soltaniyeh Official website GCatholic with residential and titular incumbent bio links Video of Soltaniyeh Farnoush Tehrani The Crown of All Domes in Persian Jadid Online 31 December 2009 6 Audio slideshow 7 6 min 45 sec http sultaniyya org References Edit Statistical Center of Iran gt Home Soltaniyeh can be found at GEOnet Names Server at this link by opening the Advanced Search box entering 3081931 in the Unique Feature Id form and clicking on Search Database Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran 1385 2006 Excel Statistical Center of Iran Archived from the original on 2011 11 11 Clavijo Ruy Gonzalez de 1859 Narrative of the embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the court of Timour at Samarcand A D 1403 6 p 93 Retrieved 10 April 2018 Dalrymple William 1989 In Xanadu pp 128 129 سلطان گنبدها جدید آنلاین Jadidonline com Retrieved on 2012 02 10 Flash video jadidonline comFurther reading EditHatef Naiemie Atri 2020 The Ilkhanid City of Sultaniyya Some Remarks on the Citadel and the Outer City Iran Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies 1 30 doi 10 1080 05786967 2020 1744469 Preceded by Tabriz Capital of Ilkhanate Persia 1306 1335 Succeeded by Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Soltaniyeh amp oldid 1041648604, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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