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Sony Music

This article is about Sony's music branch based in the United States. For Sony's music branch in Japan, see Sony Music Entertainment Japan. For the Japanese Sony Music label, see Epic Records Japan.

Sony Music Entertainment, also known as just Sony Music, is an American global music company. Owned by the parent conglomerate Sony Group Corporation, it is part of the Sony Music Group, which is owned by Sony Corporation of America.

Sony Music Entertainment
FormerlyAmerican Record Corporation (1929–1938)
Columbia Records, USA (1938–1957)
Epic Records (1948–1991)
Discos CBS-CBS Records (1957–1991)
Sony Music Entertainment Inc. (first incarnation; 1991–2004)
Sony BMG Music Entertainment (2004–2008)
TypeSubsidiary (incorporated as a general partnership)
IndustryMusic, Entertainment
GenreVarious
PredecessorVictor Talking Machine (1906–1924)
RCA Victor (1924–1985)
Ariola Records (1937–1985)
RCA Ariola (1985–1988)
BMG Ariola (1988–1994)
BMG Music (1994–2004)
FoundedSeptember 9, 1929; 92 years ago (1929-09-09)
Headquarters
New York City,
United States
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Rob Stringer
(CEO)
ProductsMusic and entertainment
Revenue US$7.82 billion (FY 2019)
US$1.31 billion (FY 2019)
OwnerSony Group Corporation
(1988–present)
Number of employees
8,500 (2019 [1])
ParentSony Entertainment
(2012–present)
DivisionsSee List of Sony Music Entertainment labels
Websitewww.sonymusic.com

It was originally founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed as Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture known as Sony BMG, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the Sony Music name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, which led to the relaunch of BMG, as BMG Rights Management. All of BMG's former labels (Arista, Jive, LaFace, J, etc.) would eventually be absorbed into RCA Records (also formerly owned by BMG) in 2011. Arista Records would later go on to be revived in 2018.

As of 2020, Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies, behind Universal Music Group and followed by Warner Music Group. Its music publishing division Sony/ATV (now known as Sony Music Publishing) is the largest music publisher in the world. From 2009 to 2020, Sony owned 50% of Syco Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV formats, including Got Talent and The X Factor with Simon Cowell. Cowell acquired Sony's stake in 2020.

On July 17, 2019, Sony announced that Sony Music Entertainment and Sony/ATV would merge to become Sony Music Group. The merger was completed on August 1, 2019.

Contents

1929–1938: American Record Corporation

The American Record Corporation (ARC) was founded in 1929 through a merger of several record companies. The company grew for the next several years, acquiring other brands such as the Columbia Phonograph Company, including its Okeh Records subsidiary, in 1934.

1938–1970: Columbia/CBS Records

In 1938, ARC was acquired by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) under the guidance of the chief executive William S. Paley. The company was later renamed Columbia Recording Corporation, and changed again to Columbia Records Inc. in 1947. Edward Wallerstein, who served as the head of Columbia Records since the late 1930s, helped establish the company as a leader in the record industry by spearheading the successful introduction of the LP record. Columbia's success continued through the 1950s with the launch of Epic Records in 1953 and Date Records in 1958. By 1962, the Columbia Records productions unit was operating four plants around the United States located in Los Angeles, California; Terre Haute, Indiana; Bridgeport, Connecticut; and Pitman, New Jersey.

Columbia's international arm was launched in 1962 under the name "CBS Records," as the company only owned the rights to the Columbia name in North America. In 1964, the company began acquiring record companies in other countries for its CBS Records International unit and established its own UK distribution outfit with the acquisition of Oriole Records.

By 1966, Columbia was renamed as CBS Records and was a separate unit of the parent company, CBS-Columbia Group. In March 1968, CBS and Sony formed CBS/Sony Records, a Japanese business joint venture.

1971–1991: CBS Records Group

In 1971, CBS Records was expanded into its own "CBS Records Group", with Clive Davis as its administrative vice president and general manager. In the 1980s to the early 1990s, the company managed several successful labels, including CBS Associated Records, which signed artists including Ozzy Osbourne, the Fabulous Thunderbirds, Electric Light Orchestra, Joan Jett, and Henry Lee Summer. In 1983, CBS expanded its music publishing business by acquiring the music publishing arm of MGM/UA Communications Co.. (CBS later sold the print music arm to Columbia Pictures.) By 1987, CBS was the only "big three" American TV network to have a co-owned record company. With Sony being one of the developers behind the compact disc digital music media, a compact disc production plant was constructed in Japan under the joint venture, allowing CBS to begin supplying some of the first compact disc releases for the American market in 1983.

In 1986, CBS sold its music publishing division, CBS Songs, to SBK Entertainment On November 17, 1987, Sony acquired CBS Records for US$2 billion. CBS Inc., now ViacomCBS, retained the rights to the CBS name for music recordings but granted Sony a temporary license to use the CBS name. The sale was completed on January 5, 1988. CBS Corporation founded a new CBS Records in 2006, which was distributed by Sony through its RED subsidiary.

In 1989, CBS Records re-entered the music publishing business by acquiring Nashville-based Tree International Publishing.

1991–2004: Birth of Sony Music Entertainment

Sony renamed the record company Sony Music Entertainment (SME) on January 1, 1991, fulfilling the terms set under the 1988 buyout, which granted only a transitional license to the CBS trademark. The CBS Associated label was renamed Epic Associated. Also on January 1, 1991, to replace the CBS label, Sony reintroduced the Columbia label worldwide, which it previously held in the United States and Canada only, after it acquired the international rights to the trademark from EMI in 1990. Japan is the only country where Sony does not have rights to the Columbia name as it is controlled by Nippon Columbia, an unrelated company. Thus, Sony Music Entertainment Japan issues labels under Sony Records. The Columbia Records trademark's rightsholder in Spain was Bertelsmann Music Group, Germany, which Sony Music subsequently subsumed via a 2004 merger, and a subsequent 2008 buyout.

In 1995, Sony and Michael Jackson formed a joint venture which merged Sony's music publishing operations with Jackson's ATV Music to form Sony/ATV Music Publishing.

2004–2008: Sony BMG: Joint venture with Bertelsmann

In August 2004, Sony entered a joint venture with an equal partner Bertelsmann, by merging Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group, Germany, to establish Sony BMG Music Entertainment. However Sony continued to operate its Japanese music business independently from Sony BMG while BMG Japan was made part of the merger.

The merger made Columbia and Epic sister labels to RCA Records, which was once owned by CBS rival, NBC. It also started the process of bringing BMG's Arista Records back under common ownership with its former parent Columbia Pictures, a Sony division since 1989, and also brought Arista founder Clive Davis back into the fold. As of 2017, Davis was still with Sony Music as chief creative officer.

2008–present: Sony Music Entertainment and restructuring

On August 5, 2008, Sony Corporation of America (SCA) and Bertelsmann announced that Sony had agreed to acquire Bertelsmann's 50% stake in Sony BMG. The company completed the acquisition on October 1, 2008. On July 1, 2009, SME and IODA announced a strategic partnership to leverage worldwide online retail distribution networks and complementary technologies to support independent labels and music rights holders. In March 2010, Sony Corp partnered with The Michael Jackson Company in a contract of more than $250 million, the largest deal in recorded music history.

Doug Morris, who was head of Warner Music Group, and later Universal Music, became chairman and CEO of Sony Music Entertainment on July 1, 2011. Sony Music underwent restructuring upon Morris' arrival; with some artists switching labels while other labels were eliminated altogether.

In June 2012, a consortium led by Sony/ATV acquired EMI Music Publishing, making Sony/ATV the world's largest music publisher at the time. This acquisition also reunited the common ownership of pre-1986 CBS Songs (as SBK Songs) catalog to Sony/ATV.

Rob Stringer became CEO of Sony Music Entertainment on April 1, 2017. He previously served as chairman and CEO of Columbia Records.

Sony has experienced a number of changes with its international labels. In March 2012, Sony Music reportedly closed its Filipino office due to piracy, causing it to move its distribution in the country to Ivory Music, until 2018 when SME resumed its Philippines operation. In July 2013, Sony Music withdrew from the Greek market due to an economic crisis. Albums released by Sony Music in Greece from domestic and foreign artists would then be carried by Feelgood Records.

In June 2017, Sony announced that by March 2018 it would be producing vinyl records in-house for the first time since ceasing their production in 1989. Reporting the decision, the BBC noted that, "Sony's move comes a few months after it equipped its Tokyo studio with a cutting lathe, used to produce the master discs needed for manufacturing vinyl records" but added that "Sony is even struggling to find older engineers who know how to make records".

On February 5, 2019, a group of 1970s-era musicians including David Johansen and John Waite filed lawsuits accusing Sony Music Entertainment and UMG Recordings, Inc. of improperly refusing to let them reclaim the rights to songs they had signed away earlier in their careers. The lawsuit cites U.S. copyright law, which gives artists who formerly bargained away their rights on unfavorable terms a chance to reclaim those rights by filing termination notices after 35 years. The plaintiffs claim that Sony and UMG have “routinely and systematically” ignored hundreds of notices, having taken the position that recordings are “works made for hire” and are therefore not subject to being reclaimed.

In 2021, Sony agreed to buy Kobalt neighbouring rights division and independent distribution company AWAL, from the Kobalt Music Group for $430 million.

Sony Music UK is owned and operated by Sony Music Entertainment in the United Kingdom. Since 2014, Jason Iley has been chairman and CEO of Sony Music UK. Though owned by Sony Music Entertainment, Sony Music UK has standalone operations in the UK to promote musicians within the UK.

In June 2017, it was announced that Sony would be merging its two independent distribution companies The Orchard and Red Essential.

2014 saw Sony's best singles success for 33 years, with 11 number 1 singles. Sony Music artists won a total of five individual awards at the BRITs 2015, including Best Female Solo Artist for Paloma Faith, and Mark Ronson's "Uptown Funk", which picked up Best British Single. Several other of the label's artists - Foo Fighters, One Direction and Pharrell Williams - also collected awards.

Sony's performance at the BRITs 2015 was the label's best in nearly 20 years, winning a total of 5 awards. In 2017, Sony Music UK celebrated the most successful BRIT Awards in the company's history, winning seven of the 11 awards.

In the last three years, Sony Music UK has made key acquisitions including forming Insanity Records with Insanity Management. Craig David became the first artist to sign an album deal with Insanity Records. Sony Music UK signed Robbie Williams, who released his 11th album The Heavy Entertainment Show in 2016. Jason Iley commented that the agreement was "a once in a lifetime signing with the biggest male solo artist of our generation."

Sony Music UK also incorporated the independent sales and distribution company Essential Music and Marketing - renamed to Red Essential. In August 2016, Sony Music acquired Ministry of Sound Recordings, home to London Grammar, DJ Fresh and Sigala.

On April 5, 2017, two of Sony Music UK's labels won awards at the annual Music Week Awards. Columbia Records received the 'A&R of the Year' Award, while Syco were awarded the 'Record Company of the Year' Award.

CD price fixing

Main article: CD price fixing

Between 1995 and 2000, music companies were found to have used illegal marketing agreements such as minimum advertised pricing to artificially inflate prices of compact discs. This was done in order to end price wars of the early 1990s among discounters such as Best Buy and Target. A settlement was reached in 2002 that included music publishers and distributors Sony Music, Warner Music, Bertelsmann Music Group, EMI Music and Universal Music. In restitution for price fixing, they agreed to pay a $67.4 million fine and distribute $75.7 million in CDs to public and non-profit groups but admitted no wrongdoing. It is estimated that customers were overcharged by nearly $500 million overall and up to $5 per album.

George Michael and Sony Music

The British artist, signed to Columbia in the U.S. and Epic worldwide, advised Sony executives in 1990 that he would not be appearing in music videos to support his forthcoming album, Listen Without Prejudice, Vol. 1. Michael then accused Sony of not promoting the album at all. He sued in the UK in 1992, asking to be released from his contract. Sony ultimately prevailed in the courts in 1994, but Michael's contract was bought out by other labels. Some 11 years later, Michael licensed tracks to Sony for release.

Michael Jackson and Tommy Mottola

The release of Invincible was preceded by a dispute between Michael Jackson and Sony Music Entertainment. Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s, after which he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and keep the profits; however, clauses in the contract set the revert date years into the future. Jackson discovered that the attorney who had represented him in the deal had also been representing Sony. He was also concerned that for years Sony had been pressuring him to sell his share in its music catalog venture; he feared that Sony might have had a conflict of interest, since if Jackson's career failed, he would have had to sell his share of the catalog at a low price. Jackson sought an early exit from his contract.

In July 2002, Jackson alleged that the then-Sony Music chairman Tommy Mottola was a "devil" and "racist" who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own gain. He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a "fat nigger". Sony refused to renew Jackson's contract, and claimed that a$25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States.

Prosecution of copyright infringement

In May 2012, Sony Music filed charges against the website IsoHunt. The plaintiff's claims in the court document filed at the Supreme Court of British Columbia read: "The IsoHunt Websites have been designed and are operated by the defendants with the sole purpose of profiting from rampant copyright infringement which defendants actively encourage, promote, authorize, induce, aid, abet, materially contribute to and commercially profit from." In February 2016, in a lawsuit filed at a California federal court, Sony Music Entertainment and its associated brands (Arista Records and LaFace Records, formerly owned by Bertelsmann Music Group) accused Belgian radio aggregator Radionomy (owned by Universal Music Group's parent Vivendi) of copyright infringement.

2016 boycott

In February 2016, 100,000 people signed an online petition in less than 24 hours, calling for a boycott of Sony Music and all other Sony-affiliated businesses after rape allegations against music producer Dr. Luke were made by musical artist Kesha. Kesha asked a New York City Supreme Court to free her from her contract with Sony Music, but the court denied the request, prompting a widespread public and media response.

Flagship record labels

Genre-limited record labels

Country music
Christian/gospel music
Dance/electronic music
Latin American/Latin pop music
Classical/jazz music
Metal music
Progressive music

Others

Sony Music UK
  • Columbia Records UK
  • Relentless Records
  • 5K Records
  • Black Butter Records (joint-venture)
  • Dream Life Records
  • Insanity Records (joint-venture)
  • Magic Star
  • Robots + Humans
  • Since ’93
  • Sony Music Nashville UK
  • WEAREBLK (joint-venture)
  • District 18 Entertainment (joint-venture)
Independent music distribution
Catalog
Distributed labels
International

Previously affiliated labels

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Sony Music
Sony Music Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sony Music Entertainment This article is about Sony s music branch based in the United States For Sony s music branch in Japan see Sony Music Entertainment Japan For the Japanese Sony Music label see Epic Records Japan Sony Music Entertainment also known as just Sony Music is an American global music company Owned by the parent conglomerate Sony Group Corporation it is part of the Sony Music Group 3 which is owned by Sony Corporation of America Sony Music EntertainmentFormerlyAmerican Record Corporation 1929 1938 Columbia Records USA 1938 1957 Epic Records 1948 1991 Discos CBS CBS Records 1957 1991 Sony Music Entertainment Inc first incarnation 1991 2004 Sony BMG Music Entertainment 2004 2008 TypeSubsidiary incorporated as a general partnership IndustryMusic EntertainmentGenreVariousPredecessorVictor Talking Machine 1906 1924 RCA Victor 1924 1985 Ariola Records 1937 1985 RCA Ariola 1985 1988 BMG Ariola 1988 1994 BMG Music 1994 2004 FoundedSeptember 9 1929 92 years ago 1929 09 09 HeadquartersNew York City United StatesArea servedWorldwideKey peopleRob Stringer CEO ProductsMusic and entertainmentRevenueUS 7 82 billion 1 FY 2019 Operating incomeUS 1 31 billion 1 FY 2019 OwnerSony Group Corporation 1988 present Number of employees8 500 2019 1 ParentSony Entertainment 2012 present 2 DivisionsSee List of Sony Music Entertainment labelsWebsitewww wbr sonymusic wbr com It was originally founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed as Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938 following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System In 1966 the company was reorganized to become CBS Records and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988 renaming it under its current name in 1991 In 2004 Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50 50 joint venture known as Sony BMG which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity However in 2008 Sony acquired Bertelsmann s stake and the company reverted to the Sony Music name shortly after the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG s labels which led to the relaunch of BMG as BMG Rights Management All of BMG s former labels Arista Jive LaFace J etc would eventually be absorbed into RCA Records also formerly owned by BMG in 2011 Arista Records would later go on to be revived in 2018 As of 2020 Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the Big Three record companies behind Universal Music Group and followed by Warner Music Group Its music publishing division Sony ATV now known as Sony Music Publishing is the largest music publisher in the world 4 5 From 2009 to 2020 Sony owned 50 of Syco Entertainment which operates some of the world s most successful reality TV formats including Got Talent and The X Factor with Simon Cowell Cowell acquired Sony s stake in 2020 6 On July 17 2019 Sony announced that Sony Music Entertainment and Sony ATV would merge to become Sony Music Group 7 8 The merger was completed on August 1 2019 9 3 10 Contents 1 History 1 1 1929 1938 American Record Corporation 1 2 1938 1970 Columbia CBS Records 1 3 1971 1991 CBS Records Group 1 4 1991 2004 Birth of Sony Music Entertainment 1 5 2004 2008 Sony BMG Joint venture with Bertelsmann 1 6 2008 present Sony Music Entertainment and restructuring 2 Sony Music UK 3 Controversies 3 1 CD price fixing 3 2 George Michael and Sony Music 3 3 Michael Jackson and Tommy Mottola 3 4 Prosecution of copyright infringement 3 5 2016 boycott 4 List of Sony Music Entertainment labels 4 1 Flagship record labels 4 2 Genre limited record labels 4 3 Others 4 4 Previously affiliated labels 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory Edit1929 1938 American Record Corporation Edit Main article American Record Corporation The American Record Corporation ARC was founded in 1929 through a merger of several record companies 11 The company grew for the next several years acquiring other brands such as the Columbia Phonograph Company including its Okeh Records subsidiary in 1934 12 1938 1970 Columbia CBS Records Edit In 1938 ARC was acquired by the Columbia Broadcasting System CBS under the guidance of the chief executive William S Paley The company was later renamed Columbia Recording Corporation 13 and changed again to Columbia Records Inc in 1947 14 Edward Wallerstein who served as the head of Columbia Records since the late 1930s helped establish the company as a leader in the record industry by spearheading the successful introduction of the LP record 15 Columbia s success continued through the 1950s with the launch of Epic Records in 1953 16 and Date Records in 1958 17 By 1962 the Columbia Records productions unit was operating four plants around the United States located in Los Angeles California Terre Haute Indiana Bridgeport Connecticut and Pitman New Jersey 18 Columbia s international arm was launched in 1962 under the name CBS Records as the company only owned the rights to the Columbia name in North America 19 In 1964 the company began acquiring record companies in other countries for its CBS Records International unit 20 and established its own UK distribution outfit with the acquisition of Oriole Records 21 By 1966 Columbia was renamed as CBS Records and was a separate unit of the parent company CBS Columbia Group 22 23 In March 1968 CBS and Sony formed CBS Sony Records a Japanese business joint venture 24 1971 1991 CBS Records Group Edit In 1971 CBS Records was expanded into its own CBS Records Group with Clive Davis as its administrative vice president and general manager 25 In the 1980s to the early 1990s the company managed several successful labels including CBS Associated Records 26 which signed artists including Ozzy Osbourne the Fabulous Thunderbirds Electric Light Orchestra Joan Jett and Henry Lee Summer 27 In 1983 CBS expanded its music publishing business by acquiring the music publishing arm of MGM UA Communications Co 28 CBS later sold the print music arm to Columbia Pictures 29 By 1987 CBS was the only big three American TV network to have a co owned record company 30 With Sony being one of the developers behind the compact disc digital music media a compact disc production plant was constructed in Japan under the joint venture allowing CBS to begin supplying some of the first compact disc releases for the American market in 1983 31 In 1986 CBS sold its music publishing division CBS Songs to SBK Entertainment 32 On November 17 1987 Sony acquired CBS Records for US 2 billion CBS Inc now ViacomCBS retained the rights to the CBS name for music recordings but granted Sony a temporary license to use the CBS name 33 The sale was completed on January 5 1988 34 CBS Corporation founded a new CBS Records in 2006 which was distributed by Sony through its RED subsidiary 35 In 1989 CBS Records re entered the music publishing business by acquiring Nashville based Tree International Publishing 32 1991 2004 Birth of Sony Music Entertainment Edit Sony renamed the record company Sony Music Entertainment SME on January 1 1991 fulfilling the terms set under the 1988 buyout which granted only a transitional license to the CBS trademark 36 The CBS Associated label was renamed Epic Associated 37 Also on January 1 1991 to replace the CBS label Sony reintroduced the Columbia label worldwide which it previously held in the United States and Canada only after it acquired the international rights to the trademark from EMI in 1990 36 Japan is the only country where Sony does not have rights to the Columbia name as it is controlled by Nippon Columbia an unrelated company 38 Thus Sony Music Entertainment Japan issues labels under Sony Records The Columbia Records trademark s rightsholder in Spain was Bertelsmann Music Group Germany which Sony Music subsequently subsumed via a 2004 merger and a subsequent 2008 buyout 39 In 1995 Sony and Michael Jackson formed a joint venture which merged Sony s music publishing operations with Jackson s ATV Music to form Sony ATV Music Publishing 40 2004 2008 Sony BMG Joint venture with Bertelsmann Edit In August 2004 Sony entered a joint venture with an equal partner Bertelsmann by merging Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group Germany to establish Sony BMG Music Entertainment 41 However Sony continued to operate its Japanese music business independently from Sony BMG while BMG Japan was made part of the merger 42 The merger made Columbia and Epic sister labels to RCA Records which was once owned by CBS rival NBC 43 It also started the process of bringing BMG s Arista Records back under common ownership with its former parent Columbia Pictures a Sony division since 1989 and also brought Arista founder Clive Davis back into the fold 44 As of 2017 Davis was still with Sony Music as chief creative officer 45 2008 present Sony Music Entertainment and restructuring Edit On August 5 2008 Sony Corporation of America SCA and Bertelsmann announced that Sony had agreed to acquire Bertelsmann s 50 stake in Sony BMG The company completed the acquisition on October 1 2008 46 On July 1 2009 SME and IODA announced a strategic partnership to leverage worldwide online retail distribution networks and complementary technologies to support independent labels and music rights holders 47 48 In March 2010 Sony Corp partnered with The Michael Jackson Company in a contract of more than 250 million the largest deal in recorded music history 49 Doug Morris who was head of Warner Music Group and later Universal Music became chairman and CEO of Sony Music Entertainment on July 1 2011 50 Sony Music underwent restructuring upon Morris arrival with some artists switching labels while other labels were eliminated altogether 51 52 53 54 In June 2012 a consortium led by Sony ATV acquired EMI Music Publishing making Sony ATV the world s largest music publisher at the time 55 This acquisition also reunited the common ownership of pre 1986 CBS Songs as SBK Songs catalog to Sony ATV Rob Stringer became CEO of Sony Music Entertainment on April 1 2017 He previously served as chairman and CEO of Columbia Records 56 Sony has experienced a number of changes with its international labels In March 2012 Sony Music reportedly closed its Filipino office due to piracy causing it to move its distribution in the country to Ivory Music 57 until 2018 when SME resumed its Philippines operation 58 In July 2013 Sony Music withdrew from the Greek market due to an economic crisis 59 Albums released by Sony Music in Greece from domestic and foreign artists would then be carried by Feelgood Records 60 In June 2017 Sony announced that by March 2018 it would be producing vinyl records in house for the first time since ceasing their production in 1989 Reporting the decision the BBC noted that Sony s move comes a few months after it equipped its Tokyo studio with a cutting lathe used to produce the master discs needed for manufacturing vinyl records but added that Sony is even struggling to find older engineers who know how to make records 61 On February 5 2019 a group of 1970s era musicians including David Johansen and John Waite filed lawsuits accusing Sony Music Entertainment and UMG Recordings Inc of improperly refusing to let them reclaim the rights to songs they had signed away earlier in their careers 62 The lawsuit cites U S copyright law which gives artists who formerly bargained away their rights on unfavorable terms a chance to reclaim those rights by filing termination notices after 35 years 63 The plaintiffs claim that Sony and UMG have routinely and systematically ignored hundreds of notices having taken the position that recordings are works made for hire and are therefore not subject to being reclaimed 62 In 2021 Sony agreed to buy Kobalt neighbouring rights division and independent distribution company AWAL from the Kobalt Music Group for 430 million 64 Sony Music UK EditSony Music UK is owned and operated by Sony Music Entertainment in the United Kingdom Since 2014 Jason Iley has been chairman and CEO of Sony Music UK Though owned by Sony Music Entertainment Sony Music UK has standalone operations in the UK to promote musicians within the UK 65 In June 2017 it was announced that Sony would be merging its two independent distribution companies The Orchard and Red Essential 66 2014 saw Sony s best singles success for 33 years with 11 number 1 singles Sony Music artists won a total of five individual awards at the BRITs 2015 including Best Female Solo Artist for Paloma Faith and Mark Ronson s Uptown Funk which picked up Best British Single Several other of the label s artists Foo Fighters One Direction and Pharrell Williams also collected awards 67 68 Sony s performance at the BRITs 2015 was the label s best in nearly 20 years winning a total of 5 awards In 2017 Sony Music UK celebrated the most successful BRIT Awards in the company s history winning seven of the 11 awards In the last three years Sony Music UK has made key acquisitions including forming Insanity Records with Insanity Management Craig David became the first artist to sign an album deal with Insanity Records Sony Music UK signed Robbie Williams who released his 11th album The Heavy Entertainment Show in 2016 Jason Iley commented that the agreement was a once in a lifetime signing with the biggest male solo artist of our generation 69 70 Sony Music UK also incorporated the independent sales and distribution company Essential Music and Marketing renamed to Red Essential In August 2016 Sony Music acquired Ministry of Sound Recordings home to London Grammar DJ Fresh and Sigala 71 72 On April 5 2017 two of Sony Music UK s labels won awards at the annual Music Week Awards Columbia Records received the A amp R of the Year Award while Syco were awarded the Record Company of the Year Award 73 Controversies EditCD price fixing Edit Main article CD price fixing Between 1995 and 2000 music companies were found to have used illegal marketing agreements such as minimum advertised pricing to artificially inflate prices of compact discs This was done in order to end price wars of the early 1990s among discounters such as Best Buy and Target 74 A settlement was reached in 2002 that included music publishers and distributors Sony Music Warner Music Bertelsmann Music Group EMI Music and Universal Music In restitution for price fixing they agreed to pay a 67 4 million fine and distribute 75 7 million in CDs to public and non profit groups but admitted no wrongdoing 75 It is estimated that customers were overcharged by nearly 500 million overall and up to 5 per album 74 George Michael and Sony Music Edit Main article Panayiotou v Sony Music Entertainment UK Ltd The British artist signed to Columbia in the U S and Epic worldwide advised Sony executives in 1990 that he would not be appearing in music videos to support his forthcoming album Listen Without Prejudice Vol 1 Michael then accused Sony of not promoting the album at all He sued in the UK in 1992 asking to be released from his contract Sony ultimately prevailed in the courts in 1994 but Michael s contract was bought out by other labels Some 11 years later Michael licensed tracks to Sony for release Michael Jackson and Tommy Mottola Edit The release of Invincible was preceded by a dispute between Michael Jackson and Sony Music Entertainment Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s after which he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and keep the profits however clauses in the contract set the revert date years into the future Jackson discovered that the attorney who had represented him in the deal had also been representing Sony 76 He was also concerned that for years Sony had been pressuring him to sell his share in its music catalog venture he feared that Sony might have had a conflict of interest since if Jackson s career failed he would have had to sell his share of the catalog at a low price 77 Jackson sought an early exit from his contract 76 In July 2002 Jackson alleged that the then Sony Music chairman Tommy Mottola was a devil and racist who did not support his African American artists using them merely for his own gain 77 He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a fat nigger 78 Sony refused to renew Jackson s contract and claimed that a 25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States 79 Prosecution of copyright infringement Edit In May 2012 Sony Music filed charges against the website IsoHunt 80 The plaintiff s claims in the court document filed at the Supreme Court of British Columbia read The IsoHunt Websites have been designed and are operated by the defendants with the sole purpose of profiting from rampant copyright infringement which defendants actively encourage promote authorize induce aid abet materially contribute to and commercially profit from 81 In February 2016 in a lawsuit filed at a California federal court Sony Music Entertainment and its associated brands Arista Records and LaFace Records formerly owned by Bertelsmann Music Group accused Belgian radio aggregator Radionomy owned by Universal Music Group s parent Vivendi of copyright infringement 82 2016 boycott Edit In February 2016 100 000 people signed an online petition in less than 24 hours calling for a boycott of Sony Music and all other Sony affiliated businesses after rape allegations against music producer Dr Luke were made by musical artist Kesha Kesha asked a New York City Supreme Court to free her from her contract with Sony Music but the court denied the request prompting a widespread public and media response 83 List of Sony Music Entertainment labels EditMain article List of Sony Music labels Flagship record labels Edit Columbia Records RCA Records Arista Records Epic RecordsGenre limited record labels Edit Country musicSony Music Nashville Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records NashvilleChristian gospel musicProvident Label Group RCA Inspiration Kingdom Life Records DeJountae RecordsDance electronic musicEpic Amsterdam 84 STMPD RCRDS Ultra Music Ministry of Sound 85 Liquid State joint venture 86 Latin American Latin pop musicSony Music LatinClassical jazz musicSony Masterworks Sony Classical Records Milan Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records Flying Buddha Masterworks BroadwayMetal musicCentury Media RecordsProgressive musicInside Out MusicOthers Edit Sony Music UK 87 88 Columbia Records UK 89 Relentless Records 5K Records 90 Black Butter Records joint venture 91 Dream Life Records 92 Insanity Records joint venture 93 Magic Star 94 Robots Humans 95 Since 93 96 Sony Music Nashville UK 97 WEAREBLK joint venture 98 District 18 Entertainment joint venture Independent music distributionThe Orchard RED Music IODACatalogLegacy Recordings Follow That Dream Records Louder Than Life RecordsDistributed labelsRobbins Entertainment Syco Music Nick RecordsInternationalAriola Records Intl Defstar Records Intl Relentless Records Som LivrePreviously affiliated labels Edit 19 Recordings 2001 2010 previously through BMG and RCA Music Group now distributed by BMG Rights Management Def Jam Recordings 1985 1994 previously through Columbia Records now part of Universal Music Group Loud Records 1992 2002 previously through Zoo Entertainment then RCA Records and later Columbia Records now a new company called SRC Records through Universal Music Group Chaos Recordings 1993 1995 previously part of Columbia Records now dissolved The Work Group 1993 2000 previously through Epic Records now dissolved Date Records 1958 1970 previously through Columbia Records now dissolved Aware Records 1997 2010 now part of Universal Music Group through Republic Records PiperWorld Entertainment 2008 2013 previously through Columbia Records Roc Nation 2009 2013 previously through Columbia Records now distributed by Universal Music Group 99 The Echo Label 2013 2017 owned by BMG Chrysalis now distributed by Warner Music Group Volcano Entertainment 1996 2019 previously through Zomba Label Group and later RCA Records now dissolved See also Edit Music portal Companies portal List of Sony Music artists Sony Music Publishing Sony BMG Sony BMG CD copy protection scandal Sony Music Entertainment Japan Sony Music Australia Sony Music UK Sony Music India Sony Music Entertainment Thailand List of record labelsReferences Edit a b FY 2019 revenue amp operating income Consolidated Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31 2020 PDF Tokyo Japan Sony May 13 2020 p 33 Retrieved May 13 2020 Michael Lynton Named Ceo Of Sony Corporation Of America Nicole Seligman To Become SCA President Press release Sony Pictures March 30 2012 Archived from the original on September 26 2020 Retrieved January 2 2021 a b Wang Amy X July 17 2019 Sony s Music Recording and Music Publishing Companies Are Now One Rolling Stone Archived from the original on May 16 2020 Retrieved July 22 2019 As part 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Robots Humans Sony Music UK Archived from the original on January 25 2021 Retrieved March 10 2021 Sony Music UK Since 93 Sony Music UK Archived from the original on February 4 2021 Retrieved March 10 2021 Sony Music UK Sony Music Nashville Sony Music UK Archived from the original on November 26 2020 Retrieved March 10 2021 Sony Music UK WEAREBLK Sony Music UK Archived from the original on December 1 2020 Retrieved March 10 2021 Sisario Ben April 8 2013 Jay Z s Entertainment Company Makes Music Deal With Universal via NYTimes com External links EditOfficial website Yahoo Sony Music Entertainment Company Profile Sony Music s channel on YouTube Sony Music at IMDb Sony Music TV Sony Music publishing catalog at MusicBrainz Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sony Music amp oldid 1051972886, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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