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Sophilos

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Sophilos (Ancient Greek:Σώφιλος; active about 590 – 570 BC) was an Attic potter and vase painter in the black-figure style. Sophilos is the oldest Attic vase painter so far to be known by his true name. Fragments of two wine basins (dinoi) in Athens are signed by him, indicating that he both potted and painted them. In total, 37 vessels are ascribed to him, mostly amphorae, dinoi, kraters, as well as three pinakes. Apart from his work for the domestic market, he was also one of the masters of major significance in the process of supplanting the dominance of Corinthian vase painting in the markets of Etruria, and Southern Italy, the most important export area for Greek vases. His works were exported as far as the Black Sea region, Syria and Egypt (Naukratis).

Sophilos
Attic black-figure amphora. Late work of the vase-painter, Sophilos, ca. 580 B.C. On the neck is Hermes, between Sphinxes. On the body are zones decorated with a winged Artemis, animals, florals, sphinxes, and geese. Found at Marathon, in the tumulus of the Athenians (490 B.C.).
Born
Sophilos

Before 590 BC
Probably Athens
DiedAround 570 BC
NationalityAthenian
Known forCeramics manufacturer and painter
Notable work
37 vessels are ascribed to him, mostly amphorae, '’dinoi’’, kraters, as well as three pinakes
MovementBlack-figure style
Sophilos' signature: "sofilos me grafsen" (“Sophilos painted me”)

He was one of the first painters to use additional colours at a grand scale, thus increasing the optical and artistic distinction between Corinthian and Attic vase painting. While he was conservative and traditionalist in terms of the ornamentation and animal figures he used, his intervening figural scenes, mostly of mythological motifs, were entirely innovative. He broke up established standard scenes, had figures act individually, and found clever and unconventional new ways of structuring the narrative. As his artistic style progressed, he increasingly pushed ornamental designs into the margin, as his figural scenes became more and more important. Stylistically, his work is close to that of the late Gorgon Painter, whose style he developed further, to be continued later by Klitias, and culminate in the François vase.

In spite of his innovative pictorial compositions and his talent to constantly invent new scenes; his drawing style was usually not very accurate. The overall impact of his works is hardly diminished by that.

Neck amphora 991 • Chalice krater 995 • Neck amphora 1036 • Fragment of a '’dinos’’ 15499
Belly amphora F 1683 (lost 1945)
Tripod kothon98.915
Amphora
’’Dinos’’ 1971.11-11
  • John Beazley: Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters, Oxford 1956, p. 37-42.
  • Güven Bakır: Sophilos. Ein Beitrag zu seinem Stil. Mainz 1981. ISBN 3-8053-0446-3
  • Künstlerlexikon der Antike II (2004) p. 407-408 s.v. Sophilos (I) (Bettina Kreuzer)
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSophilos.

Sophilos
Sophilos Language Watch Edit This article does not cite any sources Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Sophilos news newspapers books scholar JSTOR December 2009 Learn how and when to remove this template message Sophilos Ancient Greek Swfilos active about 590 570 BC was an Attic potter and vase painter in the black figure style Sophilos is the oldest Attic vase painter so far to be known by his true name Fragments of two wine basins dinoi in Athens are signed by him indicating that he both potted and painted them In total 37 vessels are ascribed to him mostly amphorae dinoi kraters as well as three pinakes Apart from his work for the domestic market he was also one of the masters of major significance in the process of supplanting the dominance of Corinthian vase painting in the markets of Etruria and Southern Italy the most important export area for Greek vases His works were exported as far as the Black Sea region Syria and Egypt Naukratis SophilosAttic black figure amphora Late work of the vase painter Sophilos ca 580 B C On the neck is Hermes between Sphinxes On the body are zones decorated with a winged Artemis animals florals sphinxes and geese Found at Marathon in the tumulus of the Athenians 490 B C BornSophilos Before 590 BC Probably AthensDiedAround 570 BCNationalityAthenianKnown forCeramics manufacturer and painterNotable work37 vessels are ascribed to him mostly amphorae dinoi kraters as well as three pinakesMovementBlack figure styleSophilos signature sofilos me grafsen Sophilos painted me He was one of the first painters to use additional colours at a grand scale thus increasing the optical and artistic distinction between Corinthian and Attic vase painting While he was conservative and traditionalist in terms of the ornamentation and animal figures he used his intervening figural scenes mostly of mythological motifs were entirely innovative He broke up established standard scenes had figures act individually and found clever and unconventional new ways of structuring the narrative As his artistic style progressed he increasingly pushed ornamental designs into the margin as his figural scenes became more and more important Stylistically his work is close to that of the late Gorgon Painter whose style he developed further to be continued later by Klitias and culminate in the Francois vase In spite of his innovative pictorial compositions and his talent to constantly invent new scenes his drawing style was usually not very accurate The overall impact of his works is hardly diminished by that Works Selection EditAthens National Archaeological Museum Neck amphora 991 Chalice krater 995 Neck amphora 1036 Fragment of a dinos 15499formerly Berlin AntikensammlungBelly amphora F 1683 lost 1945 Boston Museum of Fine ArtsTripod kothon98 915Jena Friedrich Schiller UniversitatAmphoraLondon British Museum Dinos 1971 11 11Bibliography EditJohn Beazley Attic Black Figure Vase Painters Oxford 1956 p 37 42 Guven Bakir Sophilos Ein Beitrag zu seinem Stil Mainz 1981 ISBN 3 8053 0446 3 Kunstlerlexikon der Antike II 2004 p 407 408 s v Sophilos I Bettina Kreuzer See also EditCorpus vasorum antiquorumWikimedia Commons has media related to Sophilos Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sophilos amp oldid 1049007273, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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