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Indology

Indology or Indian studies is the academic study of the history and cultures, languages, and literature of India and as such is a subset of Asian studies.

The term Indology (in German, Indologie) is often associated with German scholarship, and is used more commonly in departmental titles in German and continental European universities than in the anglophone academy. In the Netherlands the term Indologie was used to designate the study of Indian history and culture in preparation for colonial service in the Dutch East Indies.

Specifically, Indology includes the study of Sanskrit literature and Hinduism along with the other Indian religions, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Pāli literature. Dravidology is the separate branch dedicated to the Dravidian languages of South India. Hindu texts in Dravidian languages are considered disciplines in Indology.

Some scholars distinguish Classical Indology from Modern Indology, the former more focussed on Sanskrit and other ancient language sources, the latter on contemporary India, its politics and sociology. But recently Indology has declined in academic circles due to various reasons.[citation needed]

Contents

Precursors

The beginnings of the study of India by travellers from outside the subcontinent date back at least to Megasthenes (ca. 350–290 BC), a Greek ambassador of the Seleucids to the court of Chandragupta (ruled 322-298 BC), founder of the Mauryan Empire. Based on his life in India Megasthenes composed a four-volume Indica, fragments of which still exist, and which influenced the classical geographers Arrian, Diodor and Strabo. Megasthenes reported that the caste system dominated an essentially illiterate India.

Islamic Golden Age scholar Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Biruni (973–1048) in Tarikh Al-Hind (Researches on India) recorded the political and military history of India and covered India's cultural, scientific, social and religious history in detail. He studied the anthropology of India, engaging in extensive participant observation with various Indian groups, learning their languages and studying their primary texts, and presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons.

Academic discipline

Indology as generally understood by its practitioners began in the later Early Modern period and incorporates essential features of modernity, including critical self-reflexivity, disembedding mechanisms and globalization, and the reflexive appropriation of knowledge. An important feature of Indology since its beginnings in the late eighteenth century has been the development of networks of academic communication and trust through the creation of learned societies like the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and the creation of learned journals like the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society and Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.

One of the defining features of Indology is the application of scholarly methodologies developed in European Classical Studies or "Classics" to the languages, literatures and cultures of South Asia.

In the wake of eighteenth century pioneers like William Jones, Henry Thomas Colebrooke, Gerasim Lebedev or August Wilhelm Schlegel, Indology as an academic subject emerged in the nineteenth century, in the context of British India, together with Asian studies in general affected by the romantic Orientalism of the time. The Asiatic Society was founded in Calcutta in 1784, Société Asiatique founded in 1822, the Royal Asiatic Society in 1824, the American Oriental Society in 1842, and the German Oriental Society (Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft) in 1845, the Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies in 1949.

Sanskrit literature included many pre-modern dictionaries, especially the Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana of Amarasiṃha, but a milestone in the Indological study of Sanskrit literature was publication of the St. Petersburg Sanskrit-Wörterbuch during the 1850s to 1870s. Translations of major Hindu texts in the Sacred Books of the East began in 1879. Otto von Böhtlingk's edition of Pāṇini's grammar appeared in 1887. Max Müller's edition of the Rigveda appeared in 1849–75. Albrecht Weber commenced publishing his pathbreaking journal Indologische Studien in 1849, and in 1897 Sergey Oldenburg launched a systematic edition of key Sanskrit texts, "Bibliotheca Buddhica".

Further information: Indomania

Indologists typically attend conferences such as the American Association of Asian Studies, the American Oriental Society annual conference, the World Sanskrit Conference, and national-level meetings in the UK, Germany, India, Japan, France and elsewhere.

They may routinely read and write in journals such as Indo-Iranian Journal, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Journal asiatique, the Journal of the German Oriental Society (ZDMG), Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens, Journal of Indian Philosophy, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu), Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême Orient, and others.

They may be members of such professional bodies as the American Oriental Society, the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, the Société Asiatique, the Deutsche Morgenlāndische Gesellschaft and others.

The following is a list of prominent academically qualified Indologists.

Historical scholars

Contemporary scholars with university posts

Other indologists and contributors to indology

  1. "Indology | Definition of Indology by Lexico". Lexico Dictionaries | English.
  2. Bosworth, A. B. (April 1996). "The Historical Setting of Megasthenes' Indica". Classical Philology. The University of Chicago Press. 91 (2): 113–127. doi:10.1086/367502. JSTOR 270500. S2CID 162475029.
  3. Panthapalli A. Augustine: Social equality in Indian society: the elusive goal, Concept Publishing Company, 1991, ISBN 9788170223030, p. 40
  4. John Duncan Martin Derrett: Essays in Classical and Modern Hindu Law: Consequences of the intellectual exchange with the foreign powers, Brill 1976, ISBN 9789004048089, p. 1
  5. Khan, M. S. (1976). "al-Biruni and the Political History of India". Oriens. Brill. 25/26: 86–115. doi:10.2307/1580658. JSTOR 1580658.
  6. Ahmed, Akbar S. (February 1984). "Al-Beruni: The First Anthropologist". RAIN. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 60 (60): 9–10. doi:10.2307/3033407. JSTOR 3033407.
  7. Bechert, Heinz; Simson, Georg von; Bachmann, Peter (1993). Einführung in die Indologie: Stand, Methoden, Aufgaben (in German). Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. ISBN 3534054660. OCLC 33429713.
  8. Giddens, Anthony (1991). The consequences of modernity. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press. OCLC 874200328.
  9. Polanyi, Michael; Nye, Mary Jo (2015). Personal knowledge: towards a post-critical philosophy. ISBN 9780226232621. OCLC 880960082.
  10. English Summary Archived 15 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jaibs.jp. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  11. description&changeHeader=true&SHORTCUT=www.springer.com/journal/10783/about International Publisher Science, Technology, Medicine. Springer. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  12. R A S – Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland Archived 22 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Royalasiaticsociety.org. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  13. JAOS Front Matter Archived 7 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Umich.edu. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  14. (in Dutch) Journal Asiatique. Poj.peeters-leuven.be. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  15. "Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (ZDMG)". Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG).
  16. Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens (WZKS) Vienna Journal for Indian Studies. Epub.oeaw.ac.at. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  17. Journal of Indian Philosophy Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Springer.com. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  18. Bulletin de l'EFEO. Maisonneuve-adrien.com. Retrieved on 20 November 2011.
  19. "Ronald Inden". Department of History: University of Chicago.
  20. Karnam, Mayukha (2016). "Redefining the Classics at Harvard". The Harvard Crimson.
  21. "Professor Stephanie Jamison FBA". The British Academy.
  22. "Professor Alexis Sanderson". All Souls College, University of Oxford.
  23. "Patrick Olivelle". Britannica.
  24. Pande Daniel, Vaihayasi. "The Sarasvati was more sacred than Ganga". Rediff.com. Retrieved8 August 2011. Technically, I am not a 'foreigner': I adopted Indian citizenship some years ago.
  25. Guha, Sudeshna (2005). "Negotiating Evidence: History, Archaeology and the Indus Civilisation". Modern Asian Studies. 39 (2): 399–426. doi:10.1017/S0026749X04001611. ISSN 0026-749X. JSTOR 3876625. S2CID 145463239.
  26. Chadha, Ashish (1 February 2011). "Conjuring a river, imagining civilisation: Saraswati, archaeology and science in India". Contributions to Indian Sociology. 45 (1): 55–83. doi:10.1177/006996671004500103. ISSN 0069-9667. S2CID 144701033.
  27. Bhatt, Chetan (1 January 2000). "Dharmo rakshati rakshitah : Hindutva movements in the UK". Ethnic and Racial Studies. 23 (3): 559–593. doi:10.1080/014198700328999. ISSN 0141-9870. S2CID 144085595.
  28. Chetan Bhatt (2000). "Hindu Nationalism and Indigenous 'Neo-racism'". In Back, Les; Solomos, John (eds.). Theories of Race and Racism: A Reader. Psychology Press. pp. 590–591. ISBN 9780415156714. Retrieved22 March 2019. It is important to note the marriage between far-right-wing Hindutva ideology and western New Ageism in the works of writers like David Frawley (1994, 1995a, 1995b) who is both a key apologist for the Hindutva movement and the author of various New Age books on Vedic astrology, oracles and yoga
  29. "Rajiv Malhotra, Swapan Dasgupta appointed as JNU honorary professors". Business Standard. 30 October 2018. Retrieved1 January 2021.
  30. Shoaib Daniyal (2015), Plagiarism row: How Rajiv Malhotra became the Ayn Rand of Internet Hindutva, Scroll.in
  31. Bryant, Edwin (2001). The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate. Oxford University Press. p. 344. ISBN 0-19-513777-9.
  32. Talageri, Shrikant G. (2000). The Rigveda: A Historical Analysis. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. ISBN 81-7742-010-0. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved1 May 2007.
  • Balagangadhara, S.N. (1994). "The Heathen in his Blindness..." Asia, the West, and the Dynamic of Religion. Leiden, New York: E. J. Brill
  • Balagangadhara, S. N. (2012). Reconceptualizing India studies. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Vishwa Adluri, Joydeep Bagchee: The Nay Science: A History of German Indology. Oxford University Press, New York 2014, ISBN 978-0199931361 (Introduction, p. 1–29).
  • Joydeep Bagchee, Vishwa Adluri: "The passion of Paul Hacker: Indology, orientalism, and evangelism." In: Joanne Miyang Cho, Eric Kurlander, Douglas T McGetchin (Eds.), Transcultural Encounters Between Germany and India: Kindred Spirits in the Nineteenth Century. Routledge, New York 2013, p. 215–229.
  • Joydeep Bagchee: "German Indology." In: Alf Hiltebeitel (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Hinduism. Oxford University Press, New York 2014.
  • Chakrabarti, Dilip K.: Colonial Indology, 1997, Munshiram Manoharlal: New Delhi.
  • Jean Filliozat and Louis Renou – L'inde classique – ISBN B0000DLB66.
  • Halbfass, W. India and Europe: An Essay in Understanding. SUNY Press, Albany: 1988
  • Inden, R. B. (2010). Imagining India. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press.
  • Vishwa Adluri, Joydeep Bagchee: The Nay Science: A History of German Indology. Oxford University Press, New York 2014, ISBN 978-0199931361
  • Gauri Viswanathan, 1989, Masks of Conquest
  • Rajiv Malhotra (2016), Battle for Sanskrit: Dead or Alive, Oppressive or Liberating, Political or Sacred? (Publisher: Harper Collins India; ISBN 978-9351775386)
  • Rajiv Malhotra (2016), Academic Hinduphobia: A Critique of Wendy Doniger's Erotic School of Indology (Publisher: Voice of India; ISBN 978-9385485015)
  • Antonio de Nicolas, Krishnan Ramaswamy, and Aditi Banerjee (eds.) (2007), Invading the Sacred: An Analysis Of Hinduism Studies In America (Publisher: Rupa & Co.)
  • Shourie, Arun. 2014. Eminent historians: their technology, their line, their fraud. HarperCollins. ISBN 9789351365921
  • Trautmann, Thomas. 1997. Aryans and British India, University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Windisch, Ernst. Geschichte der Sanskrit-Philologie und Indischen Altertumskunde. 2 vols. Strasbourg. Trübner, K.J., 1917–1920
  • Zachariae, Theodor. Opera minora zur indischen Wortforschung, zur Geschichte der indischen Literatur und Kultur, zur Geschichte der Sanskritphilologie. Ed. Claus Vogel. Wiesbaden 1977, ISBN 3-515-02216-3.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Indology
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Institutes

Library guides

Indology
Indology Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South Asian studies Indology or Indian studies is the academic study of the history and cultures languages and literature of India and as such is a subset of Asian studies 1 The term Indology in German Indologie is often associated with German scholarship and is used more commonly in departmental titles in German and continental European universities than in the anglophone academy In the Netherlands the term Indologie was used to designate the study of Indian history and culture in preparation for colonial service in the Dutch East Indies Specifically Indology includes the study of Sanskrit literature and Hinduism along with the other Indian religions Jainism Buddhism Sikhism and Pali literature Dravidology is the separate branch dedicated to the Dravidian languages of South India Hindu texts in Dravidian languages are considered disciplines in Indology Some scholars distinguish Classical Indology from Modern Indology the former more focussed on Sanskrit and other ancient language sources the latter on contemporary India its politics and sociology But recently Indology has declined in academic circles due to various reasons citation needed Contents 1 History 1 1 Precursors 1 2 Academic discipline 2 Professional literature and associations 3 List of indologists 3 1 Historical scholars 3 2 Contemporary scholars with university posts 3 3 Other indologists and contributors to indology 4 Indology organisations 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 8 1 Library guidesHistory EditPrecursors Edit The beginnings of the study of India by travellers from outside the subcontinent date back at least to Megasthenes ca 350 290 BC a Greek ambassador of the Seleucids to the court of Chandragupta ruled 322 298 BC founder of the Mauryan Empire 2 Based on his life in India Megasthenes composed a four volume Indica fragments of which still exist and which influenced the classical geographers Arrian Diodor and Strabo 2 Megasthenes reported that the caste system dominated an essentially illiterate India 3 4 Islamic Golden Age scholar Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al Biruni 973 1048 in Tarikh Al Hind Researches on India recorded the political and military history of India and covered India s cultural scientific social and religious history in detail 5 He studied the anthropology of India engaging in extensive participant observation with various Indian groups learning their languages and studying their primary texts and presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross cultural comparisons 6 Academic discipline Edit Indology as generally understood by its practitioners 7 began in the later Early Modern period and incorporates essential features of modernity including critical self reflexivity disembedding mechanisms and globalization and the reflexive appropriation of knowledge 8 An important feature of Indology since its beginnings in the late eighteenth century has been the development of networks of academic communication and trust 9 through the creation of learned societies like the Asiatic Society of Bengal and the creation of learned journals like the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society and Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute One of the defining features of Indology is the application of scholarly methodologies developed in European Classical Studies or Classics to the languages literatures and cultures of South Asia In the wake of eighteenth century pioneers like William Jones Henry Thomas Colebrooke Gerasim Lebedev or August Wilhelm Schlegel Indology as an academic subject emerged in the nineteenth century in the context of British India together with Asian studies in general affected by the romantic Orientalism of the time The Asiatic Society was founded in Calcutta in 1784 Societe Asiatique founded in 1822 the Royal Asiatic Society in 1824 the American Oriental Society in 1842 and the German Oriental Society Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft in 1845 the Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies 10 in 1949 Sanskrit literature included many pre modern dictionaries especially the Namaliṅganusasana of Amarasiṃha but a milestone in the Indological study of Sanskrit literature was publication of the St Petersburg Sanskrit Worterbuch during the 1850s to 1870s Translations of major Hindu texts in the Sacred Books of the East began in 1879 Otto von Bohtlingk s edition of Paṇini s grammar appeared in 1887 Max Muller s edition of the Rigveda appeared in 1849 75 Albrecht Weber commenced publishing his pathbreaking journal Indologische Studien in 1849 and in 1897 Sergey Oldenburg launched a systematic edition of key Sanskrit texts Bibliotheca Buddhica Professional literature and associations EditFurther information Indomania Indologists typically attend conferences such as the American Association of Asian Studies the American Oriental Society annual conference the World Sanskrit Conference and national level meetings in the UK Germany India Japan France and elsewhere They may routinely read and write in journals such as Indo Iranian Journal 11 Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 12 Journal of the American Oriental Society 13 Journal asiatique 14 the Journal of the German Oriental Society ZDMG 15 Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde Sudasiens 16 Journal of Indian Philosophy 17 Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu Bulletin de l Ecole francaise d Extreme Orient 18 and others They may be members of such professional bodies as the American Oriental Society the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland the Societe Asiatique the Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft and others List of indologists EditThe following is a list of prominent academically qualified Indologists Historical scholars Edit Megasthenes 350 290 BC Al Biruni 973 1050 Gaston Laurent Cœurdoux 1691 1779 Anquetil Duperron 1731 1805 William Jones 1746 1794 Charles Wilkins 1749 1836 Colin Mackenzie 1753 1821 Dimitrios Galanos 1760 1833 Henry Thomas Colebrooke 1765 1837 Jean Antoine Dubois 1765 1848 August Wilhelm Schlegel 1767 1845 James Mill 1773 1836 Horace Hayman Wilson 1786 1860 Franz Bopp 1791 1867 Duncan Forbes linguist 1798 1868 James Prinsep 1799 1840 Hermann Grassmann 1809 1877 John Muir indologist 1810 1882 Edward Balfour 1813 1889 Robert Caldwell 1814 1891 Alexander Cunningham 1814 1893 Hermann Gundert 1814 1893 Otto von Bohtlingk 1815 1904 Monier Monier Williams 1819 1899 Henry Yule 1820 1889 Rudolf Roth 1821 1893 Theodor Aufrecht 1822 1907 Max Muller 1823 1900 Albrecht Weber 1825 1901 Ralph T H Griffith 1826 1906 William Dwight Whitney 1827 1894 Ferdinand Kittel 1832 1903 Edwin Arnold 1832 1904 Johan Hendrik Caspar Kern 1833 1917 Gustav Solomon Oppert 1836 1908 Georg Buhler 1837 1898 Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya 1861 1938 Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar 1837 1925 Arthur Coke Burnell 1840 1882 Julius Eggeling 1842 1918 Paul Deussen 1845 1919 Vincent Arthur Smith 1848 1920 James Darmesteter 1849 1894 Hermann Jacobi 1850 1937 Kashinath Trimbak Telang 1850 1893 Alois Anton Fuhrer 1853 1930 Jacob Wackernagel 1853 1938 Arthur Anthony Macdonell 1854 1930 Hermann Oldenberg 1854 1920 Arthur Anthony McDonell 1854 1930 Maurice Bloomfield 1855 1928 E Hultzsch 1857 1927 Mark Aurel Stein 1862 1943 P T Srinivasa Iyengar 1863 1931 Moriz Winternitz 1863 1937 Fyodor Shcherbatskoy 1866 1942 F W Thomas 1867 1956 Jadunath Sarkar 1870 1958 S Krishnaswami Aiyangar 1871 1947 Percy Brown 1872 1955 John Hubert Marshall 1876 1958 Arthur Berriedale Keith 1879 1944 Pandurang Vaman Kane 1880 1972 Pierre Johanns 1882 1955 Andrzej Gawronski 1885 1927 Willibald Kirfel 1885 1964 Johannes Nobel 1887 1960 Betty Heimann 1888 1961 Alice Boner 1889 1981 Heinrich Zimmer 1890 1943 Ervin Baktay 1890 1963 Mortimer Wheeler 1890 1976 B R Ambedkar 1891 1956 K A Nilakanta Sastri 1892 1975 Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan 1893 1963 Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi 1893 1985 V R Ramachandra Dikshitar 1896 1953 Dasharatha Sharma 1903 1976 Shakti M Gupta 1927 S Srikanta Sastri 1904 1974 Joseph Campbell 1904 1987 Murray Barnson Emeneau 1904 2005 Jan Gonda 1905 1991 Paul Thieme 1905 2001 Jean Filliozat 1906 1982 Alain Danielou 1907 1994 F B J Kuiper 1907 2003 Thomas Burrow 1909 1986 Jagdish Chandra Jain 1909 1993 Ramchandra Narayan Dandekar 1909 2001 Arthur Llewellyn Basham 1914 1986 Richard De Smet 1916 1997 P N Pushp 1917 1998 citation needed Ahmad Hasan Dani 1920 2009 Frank Richard Hamm 1920 1973 Madeleine Biardeau 1922 2010 Awadh K AK Narain 1925 2013 V S Pathak 1926 2003 Kamil Zvelebil 1927 2009 J A B van Buitenen 1928 1979 Tatyana Elizarenkova 1929 2007 Bettina Baumer 1940 Anncharlott Eschmann 1941 1977 William Dalrymple 1965 present Arvind Sharma 1940 present Harilal Dhruv 1856 1896 Ram Swarup 1920 1998 Mikhail Konstantinovich Kudryavtsev 1911 1992 Daniel H H Ingalls Sr 1916 1999 Wales Professor of Sanskrit Harvard University Sita Ram Goel 1921 2003 Natalya Romanovna Guseva 1914 2010 Ram Sharan Sharma 1919 2011 Founding Chairperson of Indian Council of Historical Research Professor Emeritus Patna University Bhadriraju Krishnamurti 1928 2012 Osmania University Fida Hassnain 1924 2016 Sri Pratap College Srinagar Heinrich von Stietencron 1933 2018 University of Tubingen Germany Iravatham Mahadevan 1930 2018 Indian Council of Historical Research Stanley Wolpert 1927 2019 University of California Los Angeles emeritus Karel Werner 1925 2019 Stanley Insler 1937 2019 Edward E Salisbury Professor of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology Yale University Bannanje Govindacharya 1936 2020 well versed scholar in Tatva vada school of philosophy and well known scholar Vedic tradition Contemporary scholars with university posts Edit Romila Thapar 1931 present Professor of Ancient History Emerita at the Jawaharlal Nehru University Hermann Kulke 1938 present Asko Parpola 1941 present Professor Emeritus of Indology and South Asian Studies at the University of Helsinki Michael Witzel 1943 present Wales Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard University Ronald Inden Professor Emeritus of History South Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago 19 George L Hart 1945 present Professor Emeritus of Tamil at the University of California Berkeley 20 Stephanie Jamison 1948 present Distinguished Professor of Asian Languages and Cultures and of Indo European Studies at the University of California Los Angeles 21 Alexis Sanderson 1948 present Emeritus Fellow and former Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at All Souls College Oxford 22 Patrick Olivelle 1942 present Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies at the University of Texas at Austin 23 Michael D Willis The British Museum Edwin Bryant 1957 present Rutgers University New Jersey Gerard Fussman 1940 present College de France Wendy Doniger 1940 University of Chicago Divinity School as Mircea Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions Thomas Trautmann 1940 former Head of the Center for South Asian Studies University of Michigan Kapil Kapoor well known scholar of English Literature Linguistics Paninan Grammar Sanskrit Arts and Aesthetics Director of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies Shimla Other indologists and contributors to indology Edit Michel Danino Indian Hindutva author and historical negationist 24 25 26 27 Koenraad Elst 1959 present Hindutva author and debator supporter of the Out of India theory Georg Feuerstein David Frawley American Hindutva author astrologer and historical revisionist 28 Rajiv Malhotra Indian American Hindutva author and activist 29 30 Shrikant Talageri Out of India proponent and Hindu nationalist 31 32 Hans T BakkerIndology organisations EditFaculty of Sanskrit Vidya Dharma Vigyan Banaras Hindu University Adyar Library and Research Centre Chennai Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Pune Oriental Research Institute Mysore Oriental Research Institute amp Manuscripts Library Thiruvananthapuram Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Institute of Indology along with Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Museum which is adjacent to the Institute Ahmedabad Gujarat India American Institute of Indian Studies French Institute of Pondicherry The Oxford Centre For Hindu StudiesSee also EditBuddhism in the West History of India Greater India Bibliography of India Sanskrit Sanskrit studies Roja Muthiah Research LibraryReferences Edit Indology Definition of Indology by Lexico Lexico Dictionaries English a b Bosworth A B April 1996 The Historical Setting of Megasthenes Indica Classical Philology The University of Chicago Press 91 2 113 127 doi 10 1086 367502 JSTOR 270500 S2CID 162475029 Panthapalli A Augustine Social equality in Indian society the elusive goal Concept Publishing Company 1991 ISBN 9788170223030 p 40 John Duncan Martin Derrett Essays in Classical and Modern Hindu Law Consequences of the intellectual exchange with the foreign powers Brill 1976 ISBN 9789004048089 p 1 Khan M S 1976 al Biruni and the Political History of India Oriens Brill 25 26 86 115 doi 10 2307 1580658 JSTOR 1580658 Ahmed Akbar S February 1984 Al Beruni The First Anthropologist RAIN Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 60 60 9 10 doi 10 2307 3033407 JSTOR 3033407 Bechert Heinz Simson Georg von Bachmann Peter 1993 Einfuhrung in die Indologie Stand Methoden Aufgaben in German Darmstadt Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft ISBN 3534054660 OCLC 33429713 Giddens Anthony 1991 The consequences of modernity Cambridge U K Polity Press OCLC 874200328 Polanyi Michael Nye Mary Jo 2015 Personal knowledge towards a post critical philosophy ISBN 9780226232621 OCLC 880960082 English Summary Archived 15 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine Jaibs jp Retrieved on 20 November 2011 description amp changeHeader true amp SHORTCUT www springer com journal 10783 about International Publisher Science Technology Medicine Springer Retrieved on 20 November 2011 R A S Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland Archived 22 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Royalasiaticsociety org Retrieved on 20 November 2011 JAOS Front Matter Archived 7 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine Umich edu Retrieved on 20 November 2011 in Dutch Journal Asiatique Poj peeters leuven be Retrieved on 20 November 2011 Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft ZDMG Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft DMG Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde Sudasiens WZKS Vienna Journal for Indian Studies Epub oeaw ac at Retrieved on 20 November 2011 Journal of Indian Philosophy Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Springer com Retrieved on 20 November 2011 Bulletin de l EFEO Maisonneuve adrien com Retrieved on 20 November 2011 Ronald Inden Department of History University of Chicago Karnam Mayukha 2016 Redefining the Classics at Harvard The Harvard Crimson Professor Stephanie Jamison FBA The British Academy Professor Alexis Sanderson All Souls College University of Oxford Patrick Olivelle Britannica Pande Daniel Vaihayasi The Sarasvati was more sacred than Ganga Rediff com Retrieved 8 August 2011 Technically I am not a foreigner I adopted Indian citizenship some years ago Guha Sudeshna 2005 Negotiating Evidence History Archaeology and the Indus Civilisation Modern Asian Studies 39 2 399 426 doi 10 1017 S0026749X04001611 ISSN 0026 749X JSTOR 3876625 S2CID 145463239 Chadha Ashish 1 February 2011 Conjuring a river imagining civilisation Saraswati archaeology and science in India Contributions to Indian Sociology 45 1 55 83 doi 10 1177 006996671004500103 ISSN 0069 9667 S2CID 144701033 Bhatt Chetan 1 January 2000 Dharmo rakshati rakshitah Hindutva movements in the UK Ethnic and Racial Studies 23 3 559 593 doi 10 1080 014198700328999 ISSN 0141 9870 S2CID 144085595 Chetan Bhatt 2000 Hindu Nationalism and Indigenous Neo racism In Back Les Solomos John eds Theories of Race and Racism A Reader Psychology Press pp 590 591 ISBN 9780415156714 Retrieved 22 March 2019 It is important to note the marriage between far right wing Hindutva ideology and western New Ageism in the works of writers like David Frawley 1994 1995a 1995b who is both a key apologist for the Hindutva movement and the author of various New Age books on Vedic astrology oracles and yoga Rajiv Malhotra Swapan Dasgupta appointed as JNU honorary professors Business Standard 30 October 2018 Retrieved 1 January 2021 Shoaib Daniyal 2015 Plagiarism row How Rajiv Malhotra became the Ayn Rand of Internet Hindutva Scroll in Bryant Edwin 2001 The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture The Indo Aryan Migration Debate Oxford University Press p 344 ISBN 0 19 513777 9 Talageri Shrikant G 2000 The Rigveda A Historical Analysis New Delhi Aditya Prakashan ISBN 81 7742 010 0 Archived from the original on 30 September 2007 Retrieved 1 May 2007 Further reading EditBalagangadhara S N 1994 The Heathen in his Blindness Asia the West and the Dynamic of Religion Leiden New York E J Brill Balagangadhara S N 2012 Reconceptualizing India studies New Delhi Oxford University Press Vishwa Adluri Joydeep Bagchee The Nay Science A History of German Indology Oxford University Press New York 2014 ISBN 978 0199931361 Introduction p 1 29 Joydeep Bagchee Vishwa Adluri The passion of Paul Hacker Indology orientalism and evangelism In Joanne Miyang Cho Eric Kurlander Douglas T McGetchin Eds Transcultural Encounters Between Germany and India Kindred Spirits in the Nineteenth Century Routledge New York 2013 p 215 229 Joydeep Bagchee German Indology In Alf Hiltebeitel Ed Oxford Bibliographies Online Hinduism Oxford University Press New York 2014 Chakrabarti Dilip K Colonial Indology 1997 Munshiram Manoharlal New Delhi Jean Filliozat and Louis Renou L inde classique ISBN B0000DLB66 Halbfass W India and Europe An Essay in Understanding SUNY Press Albany 1988 Inden R B 2010 Imagining India Bloomington Ind Indiana University Press Vishwa Adluri Joydeep Bagchee The Nay Science A History of German Indology Oxford University Press New York 2014 ISBN 978 0199931361 Gauri Viswanathan 1989 Masks of Conquest Rajiv Malhotra 2016 Battle for Sanskrit Dead or Alive Oppressive or Liberating Political or Sacred Publisher Harper Collins India ISBN 978 9351775386 Rajiv Malhotra 2016 Academic Hinduphobia A Critique of Wendy Doniger s Erotic School of Indology Publisher Voice of India ISBN 978 9385485015 Antonio de Nicolas Krishnan Ramaswamy and Aditi Banerjee eds 2007 Invading the Sacred An Analysis Of Hinduism Studies In America Publisher Rupa amp Co Shourie Arun 2014 Eminent historians their technology their line their fraud HarperCollins ISBN 9789351365921 Trautmann Thomas 1997 Aryans and British India University of California Press Berkeley Windisch Ernst Geschichte der Sanskrit Philologie und Indischen Altertumskunde 2 vols Strasbourg Trubner K J 1917 1920 Zachariae Theodor Opera minora zur indischen Wortforschung zur Geschichte der indischen Literatur und Kultur zur Geschichte der Sanskritphilologie Ed Claus Vogel Wiesbaden 1977 ISBN 3 515 02216 3 External links EditWikiquote has quotations related to IndologyWikimedia Commons has media related to Indology Omilos Meleton www indology info since 1995 with associated discussion forum since 1990 Italian blog with many links to indological websites Books related to Indology The Veda as Studied by European Scholars Gifford Lectures Online Institutes Vienna Heidelberg Halle Mainz French Institute of Pondicherry Tubingen Zurich Oxford Library guides Edit South Southeast Asia Library South Asia Resources USA University of California Berkeley South Asian Studies Research Guides Los Angeles University of California South amp Southeast Asian Studies Research Guides New York USA Columbia University Libraries Archived from the original on 12 August 2014 Retrieved 22 April 2014 Library India Studies Topic Guides UK London School of Economics and Political Science Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 South Asia Subject Guides School of Oriental and African Studies Library University of London South Asia Oxford LibGuides Oxford UK University of Oxford Bodleian Libraries South Southeast Asia Research Guides USA University of Wisconsin Madison Libraries Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Indology amp oldid 1050550512, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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