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South Downs Way

The South Downs Way is a long distance footpath and bridleway running along the South Downs in southern England. It is one of 16 National Trails in England and Wales. The trail runs for 160 km (100 mi) from Winchester in Hampshire to Eastbourne in East Sussex, with about 4,150 m (13,620 ft) of ascent and descent.

South Downs Way
South Downs Way, looking towards Chanctonbury Ring
Length161 km (100 mi)
LocationSouth Eastern England, United Kingdom
DesignationUK National Trail
TrailheadsWinchester Hampshire
51°03′47″N1°18′25″W /51.063°N 1.307°W /51.063; -1.307
Eastbourne, East Sussex
50°45′04″N0°16′08″E /50.751°N 0.269°E /50.751; 0.269
UseHiking, Cycling
Elevation
Elevation change4,150 m (13,620 ft)
Highest pointButser Hill, 270 m (890 ft)
Hiking details
Trail difficultyEasy
SeasonAll year
SightsLong Man of Wilmington, Chanctonbury Ring

Contents

People have been using the paths and tracks that have been linked to form the South Downs Way for approximately 8000 years. They were a safer and drier alternative to those in the wetter lowlands throughout the mesolithic era. Early occupation in the area began 2000 years after that in the neolithic era. Early inhabitants built tumuli in places on the hills and hill forts later, once tribal fighting became more common. Old Winchester Hill is an example of one of these hill forts along the path. The trail was probably used by the Romans, despite the fact that they built one of their roads across the path at Stane Street (Chichester), this use possibly evidenced by the existence of Bignor Roman Villa near Bury, nearby the path.

The South Downs Way was approved as a National Trail in March 1963 and opened in July 1972. It was the UK's fifth national trail to be established and its first long-distance bridleway. It initially ran almost entirely in Sussex, from Buriton, on the Hampshire–Sussex border, to Beachy Head, near Eastbourne. In 1987 it was decided to extend the route westwards through Hampshire to Winchester.

Of medieval historical interest, the village of Lomer, now only visible as a few small bumps in the ground, was most likely abandoned during the plague in the 14th century. The flat plain to the north of the South Downs Way, where it passes Lewes, is the site of the Battle of Lewes fought by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III during the Second Barons' War.

Ditchling Beacon probably due to its height, had for centuries been used to warn local inhabitants of pending invasion. Again during the Tudor period the beacon was utilized to warn Queen Elizabeth I of the Spanish Armada which could be seen coming up the channel.

One particular oddity, The Long Man of Wilmington, can be found only a few metres off the path and down the hill as the path nears one end in Eastbourne. Recent study has shown that it was most likely created in the sixteenth or seventeenth century AD possibly posing more questions than it answers regarding its meaning. Yet still it attracts its fair share of Neo-Druidism and other pagan interest with rituals and festival held there commonly.

During the Second World War much of the south coast of England was fortified with pillboxes, tank obstacles and machine gun posts in anticipation of a Nazi invasion, the plan for which was known to the Nazis as Operation Sealion. These objects can be seen closer to the sea and require a diversion. The closest is Newhaven Fort, a 5-mile diversion from the path, which is an attraction that houses many World War II artefacts and documents with examples of the huge cannons used in coastal defence.

The undulating path begins in Winchester Hampshire, and passes Cheesefoot Head, the towns of Petersfield and Arundel, the villages of Storrington and Steyning, Devil's Dyke viewpoint near Brighton, followed by Ditchling Beacon and miles of chalk downland across to Beachy Head, and ending in Eastbourne, East Sussex. The trail is popular with walkers, including day walkers, overnighters, and through hikers.

Several youth hostels are along the route to accommodate walkers. It also passes Birling Gap, a beach area with hotel and restaurant.

Most of the route is on bridleways, permitting access for walkers, cyclists and horse riders. Occasional short sections are on roads or byways, and these are the only parts on which motor vehicles are permitted. Some sections are on footpath, and in these places an alternative signed route via road or bridleway is provided for cyclists. The footpath sections are mostly short, but between Alfriston and Eastbourne there is an extended footpath section including the Seven Sisters cliffs, for which the bridleway alternative is several miles inland.

The South Downs Way lies within the South Downs National Park, mostly on high chalk downland of the Hampshire Downs and the South Downs. The easternmost section is on the high chalk cliffs of the Seven Sisters, Sussex. Apart from at the end points, the way keeps to relatively isolated rural areas and some villages, although it passes within a few miles of Brighton and Lewes.

Various running and cycling events are held along the route; including the British Heart Foundation's annual randonée. Part or all of the 100 miles is cycled to raise funds for heart disease research, the fastest times are sub 8 hours with most riders taking under 14 hours.

Part of the South Downs Way is used for Oxfam's Trailwalker, the UK's 'toughest team charity challenge'. It is a non-stop 100 km endurance event along the South Downs Way to raise money for Oxfam and the Gurkha Welfare Trust.

Around 93% of the full 100 miles is run non-stop on foot as part of the 'Centurion South Downs Way 100'; course records are held by (male) Mark Perkins 14 hrs 3 mins, and (female) Jean Beaumont 16 hrs 56 mins.

International routes

For much of its length the South Downs Way forms part of the route of the E9 European Coastal Path which runs for 3,125 miles (5,000 km) from Cabo de São Vicente in south-west Portugal to Narva-Jõesuu in north-east Estonia, near the border with Russia.

The route runs through Portugal, Spain and France before crossing the English Channel by ferry from the French port of Roscoff to Plymouth. From Plymouth the route of the E9 follows the South West Coast Path, Bournemouth Coast Path, the Solent Way (with an Isle of Wight option) where it meets the South Downs Way at the Queen Elizabeth Country Park near Buriton. From Jevington the E9 route leaves the South Downs Way and follows the 1066 Country Walk and Saxon Shore Way to Dover, from where it returns to France. It then continues to Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

As a National Trail, the South Downs Way is also part of the network of routes that form the International Appalachian Trail.

Other long-distance footpaths

The South Downs Way also connects with many other long-distance paths offering opportunities for longer expeditions:

  1. "South Downs Way - National Trails".
  2. The bridleway route is 8 km (5.0 mi) shorter. National Trails website.
  3. National Trail - History of the Trail.
  4. Ibid.
  5. "Bignor Roman Villa, site of fine Roman mosaics in West Sussex: Home Page".
  6. Ravenscroft, Neil (1992). Recreation Planning and Development. p. 145.
  7. "South Downs Way – A Brief History". Footprints of Sussex. Retrieved19 September 2019.
  8. Picture of the site of the abandoned village at Lomer.
  9. Op Cit, National Trail.
  10. Starmer-Smith, Charles. "The Lycra Files: Around Britain by bike - Brighton".
  11. Article by Martin Bell, "Not so long ago", British Archaeology, Issue 77, July 2004.
  12. A Neo-Druid group, the Anderida Gorsedd, have been holding rituals at the Long Man regularly since 2000.[1]
  13. Newhaven Fort Website.
  14. "Trailwalker UK". www.walkingpages.co.uk. 2010. Retrieved23 March 2012.
  15. "Centurion Running". centurionrunning.com. Retrieved15 March 2021.
  16. "E-Routes: UK and Europe". Long Distance Walkers' Association. Retrieved20 September 2019.
  • Millmore, Paul (2010), South Downs Way (National Trail Guides), London: Aurum Press, ISBN 1845135652. Route indicated using OS maps.
  • OS Explorer Maps (1:25,000) OL8, OL10, OL11, OL25, OL32
  • OS Landranger Maps (1:50,000) 185, 197, 198, 199
  • Ravenscroft, Neil (1992), Recreation Planning and Development, Macmillan International Higher Education, p. 145, ISBN 9781349221974.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for South Downs Way.

South Downs Way
South Downs Way Language Watch Edit The South Downs Way is a long distance footpath and bridleway running along the South Downs in southern England It is one of 16 National Trails in England and Wales The trail runs for 160 km 100 mi from Winchester in Hampshire to Eastbourne in East Sussex with about 4 150 m 13 620 ft of ascent and descent 2 South Downs WaySouth Downs Way looking towards Chanctonbury RingLength161 km 100 mi LocationSouth Eastern England United KingdomDesignationUK National TrailTrailheadsWinchester Hampshire 51 03 47 N 1 18 25 W 51 063 N 1 307 W 51 063 1 307 Eastbourne East Sussex 50 45 04 N 0 16 08 E 50 751 N 0 269 E 50 751 0 269UseHiking CyclingElevationElevation change4 150 m 13 620 ft Highest pointButser Hill 270 m 890 ft 1 Hiking detailsTrail difficultyEasySeasonAll yearSightsLong Man of Wilmington Chanctonbury Ring Contents 1 History 2 Route 3 Geography 4 Endurance events 5 Connecting paths 5 1 International routes 5 2 Other long distance footpaths 6 See also 7 Notes and references 8 External linksHistory EditPeople have been using the paths and tracks that have been linked to form the South Downs Way for approximately 8000 years They were a safer and drier alternative to those in the wetter lowlands throughout the mesolithic era Early occupation in the area began 2000 years after that in the neolithic era 3 Early inhabitants built tumuli in places on the hills and hill forts later once tribal fighting became more common Old Winchester Hill is an example of one of these hill forts along the path 4 The trail was probably used by the Romans despite the fact that they built one of their roads across the path at Stane Street Chichester this use possibly evidenced by the existence of Bignor Roman Villa 5 near Bury nearby the path The South Downs Way was approved as a National Trail in March 1963 and opened in July 1972 It was the UK s fifth national trail to be established and its first long distance bridleway 6 It initially ran almost entirely in Sussex from Buriton on the Hampshire Sussex border to Beachy Head near Eastbourne In 1987 it was decided to extend the route westwards through Hampshire to Winchester 7 Of medieval historical interest the village of Lomer now only visible as a few small bumps in the ground 8 was most likely abandoned during the plague in the 14th century 9 The flat plain to the north of the South Downs Way where it passes Lewes is the site of the Battle of Lewes fought by Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III during the Second Barons War Ditchling Beacon probably due to its height had for centuries been used to warn local inhabitants of pending invasion Again during the Tudor period the beacon was utilized to warn Queen Elizabeth I of the Spanish Armada which could be seen coming up the channel 10 One particular oddity The Long Man of Wilmington can be found only a few metres off the path and down the hill as the path nears one end in Eastbourne Recent study has shown that it was most likely created in the sixteenth or seventeenth century AD possibly posing more questions than it answers regarding its meaning 11 Yet still it attracts its fair share of Neo Druidism and other pagan interest with rituals and festival held there commonly 12 During the Second World War much of the south coast of England was fortified with pillboxes tank obstacles and machine gun posts in anticipation of a Nazi invasion the plan for which was known to the Nazis as Operation Sealion These objects can be seen closer to the sea and require a diversion The closest is Newhaven Fort a 5 mile diversion from the path which is an attraction that houses many World War II artefacts and documents with examples of the huge cannons used in coastal defence 13 Route EditThe undulating path begins in Winchester Hampshire and passes Cheesefoot Head the towns of Petersfield and Arundel the villages of Storrington and Steyning Devil s Dyke viewpoint near Brighton followed by Ditchling Beacon and miles of chalk downland across to Beachy Head and ending in Eastbourne East Sussex The trail is popular with walkers including day walkers overnighters and through hikers Several youth hostels are along the route to accommodate walkers It also passes Birling Gap a beach area with hotel and restaurant Most of the route is on bridleways permitting access for walkers cyclists and horse riders Occasional short sections are on roads or byways and these are the only parts on which motor vehicles are permitted Some sections are on footpath and in these places an alternative signed route via road or bridleway is provided for cyclists The footpath sections are mostly short but between Alfriston and Eastbourne there is an extended footpath section including the Seven Sisters cliffs for which the bridleway alternative is several miles inland Geography EditThe South Downs Way lies within the South Downs National Park mostly on high chalk downland of the Hampshire Downs and the South Downs The easternmost section is on the high chalk cliffs of the Seven Sisters Sussex Apart from at the end points the way keeps to relatively isolated rural areas and some villages although it passes within a few miles of Brighton and Lewes Endurance events EditVarious running and cycling events are held along the route including the British Heart Foundation s annual randonee Part or all of the 100 miles is cycled to raise funds for heart disease research the fastest times are sub 8 hours with most riders taking under 14 hours Part of the South Downs Way is used for Oxfam s Trailwalker the UK s toughest team charity challenge It is a non stop 100 km endurance event along the South Downs Way to raise money for Oxfam and the Gurkha Welfare Trust 14 Around 93 of the full 100 miles is run non stop on foot as part of the Centurion South Downs Way 100 15 course records are held by male Mark Perkins 14 hrs 3 mins and female Jean Beaumont 16 hrs 56 mins Connecting paths EditInternational routes Edit For much of its length the South Downs Way forms part of the route of the E9 European Coastal Path which runs for 3 125 miles 5 000 km from Cabo de Sao Vicente in south west Portugal to Narva Joesuu in north east Estonia near the border with Russia The route runs through Portugal Spain and France before crossing the English Channel by ferry from the French port of Roscoff to Plymouth From Plymouth the route of the E9 follows the South West Coast Path Bournemouth Coast Path the Solent Way with an Isle of Wight option where it meets the South Downs Way at the Queen Elizabeth Country Park near Buriton From Jevington the E9 route leaves the South Downs Way and follows the 1066 Country Walk and Saxon Shore Way to Dover from where it returns to France 16 It then continues to Belgium the Netherlands Germany Denmark Poland Lithuania Latvia and Estonia As a National Trail the South Downs Way is also part of the network of routes that form the International Appalachian Trail Other long distance footpaths Edit The South Downs Way also connects with many other long distance paths offering opportunities for longer expeditions Clarendon Way 26 miles 42 km from Salisbury Cathedral to Winchester Cathedral Hampshire and Wiltshire Downs Link 36 7 miles 59 km from the North Downs Way at St Martha s Hill Surrey to the South Downs Way near Steyning continuing via the Coastal Link to Shoreham by Sea Surrey and West Sussex Hangers Way 21 miles 34 km from Alton to Queen Elizabeth Country Park near Petersfield Hampshire Itchen Way 31 8 miles 51 km from Hinton Ampner House to Woolston Hampshire King s Way or the Allan King Way 45 miles 72 km from Portchester to Winchester Hampshire The Monarch s Way 625 miles 1 006 km from Worcester to Shoreham by Sea Worcestershire Shropshire Staffordshire Warwickshire Gloucestershire Somerset Dorset Wiltshire Hampshire West Sussex East Sussex The New Lipchis Way 37 8 miles 61 km from Liphook Hampshire to West Wittering West Sussex Hampshire and West Sussex The Pilgrims Trail 155 miles 249 km from Winchester Cathedral to the Mont Saint Michel Hampshire and Normandy St Swithun s Way 34 miles 55 km from Winchester Cathedral to Farnham Hampshire and Surrey Staunton Way 20 5 miles 33 km circular walk connecting from Queen Elizabeth Country Park with Staunton Country Park Hampshire Sussex Border Path 138 miles 222 km from Thorney Island to Rye with the Mid Sussex spur 33 miles 53 km from Weir Wood Reservoir to Mile Oak East and West Sussex Hampshire Surrey and Kent Sussex Ouse Valley Way 42 miles 68 km from Lower Beeding to Seaford East and West Sussex Three Castles Path 60 miles 97 km from Winchester Great Hall Hampshire to Windsor Castle Berkshire Hampshire and Berkshire Vanguard Way 66 2 miles 107 km from Croydon London to Newhaven East Sussex London Surrey Kent and East Sussex Wayfarer s Walk 71 miles 114 km from Walbury Hill Berkshire to Emsworth Hampshire Berkshire and Hampshire The Wealdway 83 miles 134 km from Gravesend Kent to Eastbourne East Sussex Kent and East Sussex See also EditNorth Downs Way Long distance footpaths List of long distance footpaths in the United Kingdom Pilgrims Way Sussex Border Path E9 European long distance path The Four Men a FarragoNotes and references Edit South Downs Way National Trails The bridleway route is 8 km 5 0 mi shorter National Trails website National Trail History of the Trail Ibid Bignor Roman Villa site of fine Roman mosaics in West Sussex Home Page Ravenscroft Neil 1992 Recreation Planning and Development p 145 South Downs Way A Brief History Footprints of Sussex Retrieved 19 September 2019 Picture of the site of the abandoned village at Lomer Op Cit National Trail Starmer Smith Charles The Lycra Files Around Britain by bike Brighton Article by Martin Bell Not so long ago British Archaeology Issue 77 July 2004 A Neo Druid group the Anderida Gorsedd have been holding rituals at the Long Man regularly since 2000 1 Newhaven Fort Website Trailwalker UK www walkingpages co uk 2010 Retrieved 23 March 2012 Centurion Running centurionrunning com Retrieved 15 March 2021 E Routes UK and Europe Long Distance Walkers Association Retrieved 20 September 2019 Millmore Paul 2010 South Downs Way National Trail Guides London Aurum Press ISBN 1845135652 Route indicated using OS maps OS Explorer Maps 1 25 000 OL8 OL10 OL11 OL25 OL32 OS Landranger Maps 1 50 000 185 197 198 199 Ravenscroft Neil 1992 Recreation Planning and Development Macmillan International Higher Education p 145 ISBN 9781349221974 External links EditWikivoyage has a travel guide for South Downs Way The South Downs Way from NationalTrail co uk South Downs Way from southdownsway co uk describes route broken into sections Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title South Downs Way amp oldid 1033125662, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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