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Wikipedia

Miami metropolitan area

For the larger geographic region including the Florida Keys and the Everglades, see South Florida.

The Miami metropolitan area is the seventh-largest metropolitan area in the United States and the 72nd largest metropolitan area in the world. At 1,279.2 sq mi (3,313 km2) of urban landmass it is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The City of Miami is the financial and cultural core of the metropolis. The metropolitan area includes Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties which are the first, second, and third most populous counties in Florida. Miami-Dade, with 2,716,940 people in 2019, is the seventh most populous county in the United States. The three counties together have principal cities including Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Pembroke Pines, West Palm Beach, Hialeah, Hollywood, and Boca Raton. It sits within the South Florida region, which includes the Everglades and the Florida Keys. It is also synonymous with an area known collectively as the "Gold Coast".

Miami metropolitan area
Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach
Coordinates:26°8′N80°12′W /26.133°N 80.200°W /26.133; -80.200Coordinates: 26°8′N80°12′W /26.133°N 80.200°W /26.133; -80.200
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
Core cityMiami
Other municipalities
Area
• Land6,137 sq mi (15,890 km2)
Highest elevation
Jupiter Florida
53 ft (16.2 m)
Lowest elevation
Atlantic Ocean
0 ft (0 m)
Population
• Total6,166,488
• Rank7th in the U.S.
• Density1,004.8/sq mi (388.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern Daylight Time)

With 6,166,488 inhabitants as of 2019, the three counties collectively make up the Miami metropolitan area (also known as Metro Miami) which is the most populous in Florida and the second largest in the southeastern United States. Greater Miami includes a larger area defined by the United States Census Bureau as the Miami-Port St. Lucie-Fort Lauderdale Combined statistical area. This larger area includes Martin, Saint Lucie, and Indian River counties to the north of Palm Beach County.

Because the population of South Florida is largely confined to a strip of land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Everglades, the Miami urbanized area (that is, the area of contiguous urban development) is about 100 miles (160 km) long (north to south), but never more than 20 miles (32 km) wide, and in some areas only 5 miles (8 km) wide (east to west). The Miami metropolitan statistical area is longer than any other urbanized area in the United States except for the New York metropolitan area. It was the eighth most densely populated urbanized area in the United States in the 2000 census.

As of the 2000 census, the urbanized area had a land area of 1,116 square miles (2,890 km2), with a population of 4,919,036, for a population density of 4,407.4 per square mile (1,701.7 per square kilometer). Miami and Hialeah (the second largest city in the metropolitan area) had population densities of more than 10,000 per square mile (more than 3,800 per square kilometer). The Miami Urbanized Area was the fourth largest urbanized area in the United States in the 2010 census.

The Miami metropolitan area also includes several urban clusters (UCs) as of the 2000 Census which are not part of the Miami Urbanized Area. These are the Belle Glade UC, population 24,218, area 20,717,433 square meters and population density of 3027.6 per square mile; Key Biscayne UC, population 10,513, area 4,924,214 square meters and population density of 5529.5 per square mile; Redland UC, population 3,936, area 10,586,212 square meters and population density of 963.0 per square mile; and West Jupiter UC, population 8,998, area 24,737,176 square meters and population density of 942.1 per square mile.

Major colleges and universities in the Greater Miami area include the University of Miami, Florida Atlantic University, Florida International University, Nova Southeastern University, Barry University, St. Thomas University, Florida Memorial University, Palm Beach Atlantic University, Florida National University, Keiser University, Lynn University, Miami Dade College, Broward College and Palm Beach State College, among others.

Satellite imagery of the Miami Metropolitan Area

Contents

Miami metropolitan area

The Miami metropolitan area is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget as the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a 2019 population of 6,166,488. The MSA is in turn made up of three "metropolitan divisions"

  • Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division, coterminous with Miami Dade County (2019 population 2,716,940)
  • Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Sunrise, FL Metropolitan Division, coterminous with Broward County (2019 population 1,952,778)
  • West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, FL Metropolitan Division, coterminous with Palm Beach County (2019 population 1,496,770)

The MSA is the most populous metropolitan area in the Southeastern United States and has an area of 6,137 sq. mi (15,890 km2).

Greater Miami

The Census Bureau also defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns or metropolis, the Miami-Port Saint Lucie-Fort Lauderdale, FL Combined Statistical Area (CSA), more commonly known as the Greater Miami Area, with an estimated population of 6,889,936 in 2019.

The CSA consists of three component metropolitan areas:

Climate

A view of Biscayne National Park in Miami-Dade County

South Florida/Miami metropolitan area has a tropical climate, similar to the climate found in much of the Caribbean. It is the only metropolitan area in the 48 contiguous states that falls under that category. More specifically, it generally has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification, Am). The South Florida metropolis sees most of its rain in the summer (wet season) and is quite dry in the winter (dry season). The wet season, which is hot and humid, lasts from May to October, when daily thunderstorms and passing weak tropical lows bring downpours during the late afternoon. The dry season often starts in late October and runs through late April. During the height of the dry season from February through April, South Florida is often very dry, and often brush fires and water restrictions are an issue. At times cold fronts can make it all the way down to South Florida and provide some modest rainfall in the dry season. The hurricane season largely coincides with the wet season.

In addition to its sea-level elevation, coastal location and position near the Tropic of Cancer and the Caribbean , the area owes its warm, humid climate to the Gulf Stream, which moderates climate year-round. A typical summer day does not see temperatures below 75 °F (24 °C). Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s (30–35 °C) accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, although conditions still remain very muggy.

During winter, dry air often dominates as dew points are often very low. Average daily high temperatures across South Florida during the winter are around 75–77 °F (24–25 °C). Although daily highs can sometimes reach 82–85 °F (28–29 °C) even in January and February. Daily low temperatures during the winter are generally around 55–63 °F (13–17 °C). Each winter, cold fronts occasionally make their way down to the northern Bahamas and South Florida. As a result, daytime high temperatures in South Florida may only reach around 65 °F (18 °C). When this occurs low temperatures can dip into the 40s during the early morning hours before quickly warming-up toward late morning/early afternoon. It is rare for temperatures to drop below 40 °F (4 °C), however, low temperatures at or around 35 °F (2 °C) have occurred some years. South Florida only experiences these cold spells about twice each winter and they typically only last a day or two before temperatures return to the mid 70s. On average South Florida is frost-free, although there can be a light frost in the inland communities a few times each decade.

Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, although hurricanes can develop outside that period. The most likely time for South Florida to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season, mid-August through the end of September. Due to its location between two major bodies of water known for tropical activity, South Florida is also statistically the most likely major area to be struck by a hurricane in the world, trailed closely by Nassau, Bahamas, and Havana, Cuba. Many hurricanes have affected the metropolis, including Betsy in 1965, Andrew in 1992, Irene in 1999, Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 2005, and Irma in 2017. In addition, a tropical depression in October 2000 passed over the city, causing record rainfall and flooding. Locally, the storm is credited as the No Name Storm of 2000, though the depression went on to become Tropical Storm Leslie upon entering the Atlantic Ocean.

Climate data for West Palm Beach Airport, Florida (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1888–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 75.2
(24.0)
76.3
(24.6)
80.0
(26.7)
84.1
(28.9)
87.0
(30.6)
90.7
(32.6)
92.0
(33.3)
91.8
(33.2)
88.3
(31.3)
84.3
(29.1)
82.3
(27.9)
76.5
(24.7)
84.3
(29.1)
Average low °F (°C) 57.4
(14.1)
58.5
(14.7)
61.6
(16.4)
65.0
(18.3)
70.5
(21.4)
75.0
(23.9)
75.2
(24.0)
75.4
(24.1)
74.3
(23.5)
70.9
(21.6)
63.3
(17.4)
60.0
(15.6)
66.5
(19.2)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.18
(55)
2.09
(53)
2.05
(52)
2.03
(52)
5.76
(146)
9.02
(229)
9.27
(235)
9.83
(250)
9.93
(252)
9.57
(243)
5.07
(129)
2.27
(58)
60.35
(1,533)
Average rainy days(≥ 0.01 in) 7.8 6.7 5.0 5.8 14.1 16.0 18.1 19.0 16.7 17.1 10.2 7.1 132.6
Source: NOAA
Climate data for Fort Lauderdale Int'l Airport, Florida (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1912–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 75.5
(24.2)
76.7
(24.8)
78.5
(25.8)
82.9
(28.3)
85.6
(29.8)
89.8
(32.1)
91.4
(33.0)
90.5
(32.5)
88.8
(31.6)
85.8
(29.9)
81.0
(27.2)
76.9
(24.9)
83.3
(28.5)
Average low °F (°C) 59.0
(15.0)
60.5
(15.8)
63.4
(17.4)
66.9
(19.4)
72.0
(22.2)
74.4
(23.6)
75.9
(24.4)
75.8
(24.3)
75.2
(24.0)
71.8
(22.1)
65.7
(18.7)
61.3
(16.3)
67.7
(19.8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.63
(92)
2.96
(75)
3.36
(85)
2.89
(73)
4.65
(118)
10.16
(258)
5.98
(152)
7.44
(189)
8.59
(218)
6.82
(173)
3.24
(82)
2.46
(62)
62.18
(1,579)
Average rainy days(≥ 0.01 in) 5.0 6.1 6.9 5.4 8.8 15.9 15.9 15.7 15.8 10.6 8.1 8.1 122.3
Source:
Climate data for Miami International Airport, 1991−2020 normals, extremes 1895−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
89
(32)
93
(34)
97
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
100
(38)
98
(37)
97
(36)
95
(35)
91
(33)
89
(32)
100
(38)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.4
(29.1)
85.8
(29.9)
89.0
(31.7)
90.7
(32.6)
92.8
(33.8)
94.2
(34.6)
94.7
(34.8)
94.5
(34.7)
93.2
(34.0)
90.9
(32.7)
87.0
(30.6)
84.9
(29.4)
95.8
(35.4)
Average high °F (°C) 76.2
(24.6)
78.2
(25.7)
80.6
(27.0)
83.6
(28.7)
86.7
(30.4)
89.3
(31.8)
90.6
(32.6)
90.7
(32.6)
89.0
(31.7)
85.9
(29.9)
81.3
(27.4)
78.2
(25.7)
84.2
(29.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 68.6
(20.3)
70.7
(21.5)
73.1
(22.8)
76.7
(24.8)
80.1
(26.7)
82.8
(28.2)
84.1
(28.9)
84.2
(29.0)
83.0
(28.3)
80.1
(26.7)
74.8
(23.8)
71.2
(21.8)
77.4
(25.2)
Average low °F (°C) 61.0
(16.1)
63.2
(17.3)
65.6
(18.7)
69.8
(21.0)
73.4
(23.0)
76.3
(24.6)
77.5
(25.3)
77.7
(25.4)
76.9
(24.9)
74.2
(23.4)
68.3
(20.2)
64.3
(17.9)
70.7
(21.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 45.1
(7.3)
48.5
(9.2)
52.3
(11.3)
59.6
(15.3)
66.7
(19.3)
71.5
(21.9)
72.5
(22.5)
72.8
(22.7)
72.7
(22.6)
65.0
(18.3)
55.7
(13.2)
49.7
(9.8)
42.5
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
39
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
66
(19)
67
(19)
62
(17)
45
(7)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
27
(−3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.83
(46)
2.15
(55)
2.46
(62)
3.36
(85)
6.32
(161)
10.51
(267)
7.36
(187)
9.58
(243)
10.22
(260)
7.65
(194)
3.53
(90)
2.44
(62)
67.41
(1,712)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.01 in) 7.7 6.5 6.3 6.9 10.8 17.6 17.3 19.4 18.1 13.8 8.6 8.0 141.0
Average relative humidity (%) 72.7 70.9 69.5 67.3 71.6 76.2 74.8 76.2 77.8 74.9 73.8 72.5 73.2
Average dew point °F (°C) 57.6
(14.2)
57.6
(14.2)
60.4
(15.8)
62.6
(17.0)
67.6
(19.8)
72.0
(22.2)
73.0
(22.8)
73.8
(23.2)
73.2
(22.9)
68.7
(20.4)
63.9
(17.7)
59.2
(15.1)
65.8
(18.8)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 219.8 216.9 277.2 293.8 301.3 288.7 308.7 288.3 262.2 260.2 220.8 216.1 3,154
Percent possible sunshine 66 69 75 77 72 70 73 71 71 73 68 66 71
Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990), The Weather Channel
Climate data for Miami Beach, 1981−2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 73.8
(23.2)
74.9
(23.8)
76.3
(24.6)
79.4
(26.3)
82.8
(28.2)
86.5
(30.3)
88.1
(31.2)
88.5
(31.4)
87.0
(30.6)
83.7
(28.7)
79.3
(26.3)
75.7
(24.3)
81.3
(27.4)
Average low °F (°C) 61.4
(16.3)
63.0
(17.2)
65.3
(18.5)
69.2
(20.7)
73.9
(23.3)
77.0
(25.0)
78.3
(25.7)
78.6
(25.9)
77.7
(25.4)
74.7
(23.7)
69.5
(20.8)
64.3
(17.9)
71.1
(21.7)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.09
(53)
2.33
(59)
3.00
(76)
3.20
(81)
4.98
(126)
8.27
(210)
4.35
(110)
6.37
(162)
7.88
(200)
4.47
(114)
2.74
(70)
2.05
(52)
51.73
(1,313)
Average rainy days(≥ 0.01 in) 6.7 6.0 6.9 6.0 8.9 14.5 12.1 14.0 14.9 11.2 8.1 6.9 116.2
Source: NOAA (extremes 1927−present)

Largest cities

Miami
Fort Lauderdale
West Palm Beach

The following is a list of the twenty largest cities in the Miami metropolitan area as ranked by population.

Rank City County 2000
population
2010
population
2018
population
2010 to 2018
% change
1 Miami Miami-Dade 362,470 399,457 470,914 +17.89%
2 Hialeah Miami-Dade 226,419 224,669 238,942 +6.35%
3 Fort Lauderdale Broward 152,397 165,521 182,595 +10.32%
4 Pembroke Pines Broward 137,427 154,750 172,374 +11.39%
5 Hollywood Broward 139,357 140,768 154,823 +9.98%
6 Miramar Broward 72,739 122,041 140,823 +15.39%
7 Coral Springs Broward 117,549 121,096 133,507 +10.25%
8 Miami Gardens Miami-Dade 100,758 107,167 113,069 +5.51%
9 Pompano Beach Broward 78,191 99,845 111,954 +12.13%
10 West Palm Beach Palm Beach 82,103 99,919 111,398 +11.49%
11 Davie Broward 75,720 91,922 106,558 +15.92%
12 Boca Raton Palm Beach 74,764 84,392 99,244 +17.60%
13 Sunrise Broward 85,779 84,439 95,458 +13.05%
14 Plantation Broward 82,934 84,955 94,288 +10.99%
15 Miami Beach Miami-Dade 87,933 87,779 91,718 +4.49%
16 Deerfield Beach Broward 64,583 75,018 80,863 +7.79%
17 Boynton Beach Palm Beach 60,389 68,217 78,050 +14.41%
18 Lauderhill Broward 57,585 66,887 72,094 +7.78%
19 Weston Broward 49,251 65,333 71,210 +9.00%
20 Homestead Miami-Dade 31,909 60,512 70,477 +16.47%

Areas with between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants

Areas with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Population

An aerial view of Downtown Miami
Historical population
Miami MSA
(Miami Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties)
YearPop.±%
192066,542
1930214,830+222.8%
1940387,522+80.4%
1950693,705+79.0%
19601,497,099+115.8%
19702,236,645+49.4%
19803,220,844+44.0%
19904,056,100+25.9%
20005,007,564+23.5%
20105,564,635+11.1%
2019 (est.)6,166,488+10.8%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Historical population
Greater Miami CSA
(Six-county area)
YearPop.±%
1930 233,722
1940 414,645+77.4%
1950 733,564+76.9%
1960 1,578,634+115.2%
1970 2,351,508+49.0%
1980 3,431,936+45.9%
1990 4,397,378+28.1%
2000 5,439,937+23.7%
2010 6,126,770+12.6%
2019 (est.) 6,815,708+11.2%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The Miami area is a diverse community with a large proportion of foreign-born residents, in large part due to its close proximity to Latin America and the Caribbean.

Another factor is residents who were formerly snowbirds from the Northeast and, to a lesser extent, countries such as Canada.

As of the 2005 American Community Survey, 5,334,685 people lived in the metropolis.

Geographic mobility: In 2005, 83% of the people at least one year old living in the Miami metro area were living in the same residence one year earlier; 12% had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county, 2% from another county in the same state, 2% from another state, and 1% from abroad.

Education: In 2005, 83% of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 30% had a bachelor's degree or higher. Among people 16 to 19 years old, 7% were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not yet graduated from high school. The total school enrollment in the Miami Metro Area was 1.4 million in 2005. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 170,000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 879,000 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 354,000.

Poverty and Participation in Government Programs: In 2005, 14% of people were in poverty. 19% of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 14% of people 65 years old and over. 11% of all families, and 26% of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.

Age and gender

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 5,564,635 people. 2.8 million (52%) were females and 2.6 million (48%) were males. The median age was 38.6 years. 24% of the population were under 18 years and 15% were 65 years and older. There were 2,097,626 households, and 1,378,108 families residing in the Miami metropolitan area.

Ethnicity

The racial makeup of the population of the Miami area [6,066,387] as of 2016:

The Miami area has a large Jewish community; 10.2% of the population was Jewish in the 2000 Census.

Of the people living in the Miami metro area in 2005, 63% were born in the United States (including 30% who were born in Florida) and 37% were foreign born. Among people at least five years old living in the region in 2005, 52% spoke English at home while 48% spoke some other language at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 78% spoke Spanish and 22% spoke some other language (mainly Haitian Creole, but also French, German, Arabic, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian or Yiddish).

Demographics of Miami Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach county

County 2019 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area Density
Miami Dade County 2,716,940 2,497,993 +8.76% 1,897.72 sq mi (4,915.1 km2) 1,432/sq mi (553/km2)
Broward County 1,952,778 1,748,146 +11.71% 1,209.79 sq mi (3,133.3 km2) 1,614/sq mi (623/km2)
Palm Beach County 1,496,770 1,320,135 +13.38% 1,969.76 sq mi (5,101.7 km2) 760/sq mi (293/km2)
Total 6,166,488 5,566,274 +10.78% 5,077.27 sq mi (13,150.1 km2) 1,215/sq mi (469/km2)

Housing

Changes in house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.

Housing characteristics: As of 2005, the Miami area had a total of 2.3 million housing units, 13% of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 52% were in single-unit structures, 45% were in multi-unit structures, and 3% were mobile homes. 25% of the housing units were built since 1990. As of 2019, over 70% of Miami's residents are renters with median rent of $1,355, $180 over the national average.

Households and families: There were 2,338,450 households, The average household size was 2.6 people. Families made up 65% of the households in the Miami area. This figure includes both married-couple families (45%) and other families (20%). Nonfamily households made up 35% of all households in Miami. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some consisted of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

Occupied housing unit characteristics: In 2005, the Miami area had 2.0 million occupied housing units – 1.3 million (66%) owner occupied and 688,000 (34%) renter occupied.

Housing costs: In 2010, housing costs in the Miami area typically represented 40% of household income, compared to 34% nationwide.

Property tax increase: In March 2009, Miami area lawmakers passed a 5–10% hike in property tax millage rates throughout the metropolitan area to fund the construction of new schools and to fund understaffed schools and educational institutions, resulting in an increase in residents' property tax bills beginning in the 2009 tax year.

Politically speaking, the region is heavily Democratic. Broward County is the second-most reliably Democratic county in the state, behind only Palm Beach County. This contrasts with most of the rest of Florida, whose heavier Southern influence leads it to vote for the Republican Party. With a majority Hispanic population in Miami-Dade, Republican votes are mainly by older generations of Cuban Americans, most of whom defected to the United States following the Cuban Revolution, but Miami-Dade County still remains very Democratic when compared with most of Florida's other counties. In the 2016 presidential election, 62.3% of voters in the Miami metropolitan area voted Democratic. This was the 6th highest of any metro area in the United States.

Government

The Stephen P. Clark Government Center in Downtown Miami is the headquarters of the Miami-Dade County government.

The metropolitan area is governed by 3 counties. In total there are 107 municipalities or incorporated places in the metropolis. Each one of the municipalities has its own city, town or village government, although there is no distinction between the 3 names. Much of the land in the metropolis is unincorporated, which means it does not belong to any municipality, and therefore is governed directly by the county it is located in.

Congressional districts

The Miami metropolitan area contains all or part of nine Congressional districts: the18th,20th,21st,22nd,23rd,24th,25th,26th, and27th districts. As of 2017[update] (the 113th Congress), the Cook Partisan Voting Index listed four as being Republican-leaning: the 18th, 25th, 26th, and 27th, with the 25th being the most Republican-leaning at R+5, and five as being Democratic-leaning: the 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, and 24th, with the 24th being the most Democratic-leaning at D+34, making it the ninth-most Democratic-leaning district in the nation.

The urban neighborhood of Brickell in Downtown Miami contains the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S.

Occupations and Type of Employer: Among the most common occupations were: 32% were management, professional, and related occupations, 30% were sales and office occupations, 18% were service occupations, 11% were construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations, and 9% were production, transportation, and material moving occupations. 81% of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 12% were Federal, state, or local government workers; and 7% were Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers.

Income: The median income of households in the Miami area was $43,091. 78% of the households received earnings and 13% received retirement income other than Social Security. 30% of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $13[citation needed]. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

Industries: In 2005, for the employed population 16 years and older, the leading industries in the Miami area were Educational services, health care and social assistance, which accounted for 18%, and Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services, which accounted for 13% of the population.

Traveling to Work: 79% of Miami area workers drove to work alone in 2005, 10% carpooled, 4% took public transportation, and 4% used other means. The remaining 3% worked at home. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 28.5 minutes to get to work.

Miami dialect

Main article: Miami accent

In Miami-Dade County and Broward County and areas nearby, a unique dialect, commonly called the "Miami dialect", is widely spoken. The dialect developed among second- or third-generation Hispanics, including Cuban-Americans, whose first language was English (though some non-Hispanic white, black, and other races who were born and raised in Miami-Dade tend to adopt it as well.) It is based on a fairly standard American accent but with some changes very similar to dialects in the Mid-Atlantic (especially the New York area dialect, Northern New Jersey English, and New York Latino English.) Unlike Virginia Piedmont, Coastal Southern American, and Northeast American dialects and Florida Cracker dialect (see section below), "Miami accent" is rhotic; it also incorporates a rhythm and pronunciation heavily influenced by Spanish (wherein rhythm is syllable-timed). However, this is a native dialect of English, not learner English or interlanguage; it is possible to differentiate this variety from an interlanguage spoken by second-language speakers in that "Miami accent" does not generally display the following features: there is no addition of/ɛ/ before initial consonant clusters with/s/, speakers do not confuse of/dʒ/ with/j/, (e.g., Yale with jail), and /r/ and /rr/ are pronounced as alveolar approximant [ɹ] instead of alveolar tap [ɾ] or alveolar trill [r] in Spanish.

Area codes

Main article: Media in Miami
The former Miami Herald headquarters in Downtown Miami. The Miami Herald is the largest newspaper in South Florida.

Greater Miami is served by several English-language and two major Spanish-language daily newspapers. The Miami Herald, headquartered in Doral, is Miami's primary newspaper with over a million readers. It also has news bureaus in Broward County, Monroe County, and Nassau, Bahamas. The South Florida Sun-Sentinel circulates primarily in Broward and southern Palm Beach counties and also has a news bureau in Havana, Cuba. The Palm Beach Post serves mainly Palm Beach County, especially the central and northern regions, and the Treasure Coast. The Boca Raton News publishes five days a week and circulates in southern Palm Beach County. El Nuevo Herald, a subsidiary of the Miami Herald, and Diario Las Americas, are Spanish-language daily papers that circulate mainly in Miami-Dade County. La Palma and El Sentinel are weekly Spanish newspapers published by the Palm Beach Post and Sun-Sentinel, respectively, and circulate in the same areas as their English-language counterparts.

There are several university student-run newspapers in the area, such as The Miami Hurricane at UM, University Press at FAU, and PantherNOW at FIU and .

Greater Miami is split into two separate television/radio markets: The Miami-Fort Lauderdale market serves Miami-Dade, Broward and the Florida Keys. The West Palm Beach market serves Palm Beach County and the Treasure Coast region.

Miami-Fort Lauderdale is the 12th largest radio market and the 16th-largest television market in the U.S. television stations serving the Miami-Fort Lauderdale area include WAMI-TV (UniMas), WBFS-TV (MyNetworkTV), WSFL-TV (The CW), WFOR-TV (CBS), WHFT-TV (TBN), WLTV (Univision), WPLG (ABC), WPXM (ION), WSCV (Telemundo), WSVN (FOX), WTVJ (NBC), WLRN-TV (PBS), and WPBT (also PBS), the latter television station being the only channel to serve the entire metropolitan area.

Student-run radio stations include WVUM at the University of Miami and WRGP at Florida International University.

In addition to the Miami-Fort Lauderdale market, West Palm Beach has its own. It is the 49th largest radio market and the 38th-largest television market in the U.S. Television stations serving the West Palm Beach area include WPTV (NBC), WPEC (CBS), WPBF (ABC), WFLX (FOX), WTVX (The CW), WXEL (PBS), WTCN (MyNetworkTV), and WPXP (ION). The West Palm Beach market shares use of WSCV and WLTV for Telemundo and Univision respectively. Also, both markets cross over and tend to be available interchangeably between both areas. In 2015, WPBT and WXEL merged their operations, to form South Florida PBS, although both stations have maintained separate programming schedules and social media platforms, but share the same subchannel lineup.

In Florida, each county is also a school district. Each district is headed by an elected school board. A professional superintendent manages the day-to-day operations of each district, who is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the school board.

The Miami-Dade County Public School District is currently the 4th-largest public school district in the nation. The School District of Palm Beach County is the 4th-largest in Florida and the 11th-largest in the United States. Broward County Public School District is the 6th-largest in the United States.

The University of Miami is the one of the top-ranked research institutions in the United States, and is the most selective major university in Florida.

As of 2020, Florida International University is ranked the 4th largest university by enrollment in the United States.

Some colleges and universities in Greater Miami include:

In 2005, 82% of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 28% had a bachelor's degree or higher. Among people 16 to 19 years old, 7% were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school. The total school enrollment in the Miami metro area was 1.4 million in 2005. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 170,000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 879,000. College or graduate school enrollment was 354,000.

Rail transport in South Florida
Mangonia Park
West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach
Lake Worth
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Boynton Beach
Delray Beach
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Boca Raton
Boca Raton
(planned)
Deerfield Beach
Pompano Beach
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Cypress Creek
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Fort Lauderdale Airport
Sheridan Street
Hollywood
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Aventura
(planned)
Golden Glades
Opa-locka
Miami
Palmetto
Okeechobee
Hialeah
Tri-Rail and Metrorail Transfer
Northside
Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link
(opens late 2022)
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Plaza
Brownsville
Hialeah Market
Earlington Heights
Allapattah
Miami Intermodal Center
Miami International Airport
Santa Clara
Civic Center
School Board
Adrienne Arsht Center
Culmer
Museum Park
Eleventh Street
Park West
Freedom Tower
PortMiami
(planned)
Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre
Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr.
MiamiCentral
Government Center
College North
College/Bayside
First Street
Bayfront Park
Miami Avenue
Third Street
Knight Center
Riverwalk
Miami River
Fifth Street
Brickell City Centre
Tenth Street/Promenade
Brickell
Financial District
Vizcaya
Coconut Grove
Douglas Road
University
South Miami
Dadeland North
Dadeland South

Amtrak, Brightline, and Tri-Rail
Metrorail
Metromover
MIA Mover
All stations are accessible
This diagram:

Roads

Julia Tuttle Causeway (I-195) connects Miami and Miami Beach

The Miami metropolitan area is served by five interstate highways operated by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) in conjunction with local agencies. Interstate 95 (I-95) runs north to south along the coast, ending just south of Downtown Miami at South Dixie Highway (US 1). I-75 runs east to west, turning south in western Broward County and connecting suburban north Miami-Dade to Naples on the Southwest Coast via Alligator Alley, which transverses the Florida Everglades before turning north. I-595 connects the Broward coast and downtown Fort Lauderdale to I-75 and Alligator Alley. In Miami, I-195 and I-395 relay the main I-95 route east to Biscayne Boulevard (US 1) and Miami Beach across Biscayne Bay via the Julia Tuttle and MacArthur causeways.

In greater Miami, the Miami-Dade Expressway Authority and Florida's Turnpike Enterprise (FTE) maintain eight state expressways in conjunction with FDOT. The Airport Expressway (SR 112) and the Dolphin Expressway (SR 836) relay western Miami-Dade suburbs to the eastern urban coast at I-95, and to Miami Beach via I-195 and I-395 at the Airport and Midtown interchanges. The Gratigny Parkway (SR 924) connects northern Miami suburbs to the southern end of I-75. The Palmetto Expressway (SR 826) is the primary beltway road of urban Miami, relaying I-95 and Florida's Turnpike (SR 91) at the Golden Glades Interchange near northeastern North Miami Beach to the southern inland suburbs of Kendall and Pinecrest. The Don Shula Expressway (SR 874) and the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike (SR 821) form the southernmost end of the beltway, connecting the Palmetto Expressway to the bedroom communities of Homestead and Florida City. The Snapper Creek Expressway (SR 878) relays the Don Shula Expressway to South Dixie Highway (US 1).

The urban bypass expressway in greater Fort Lauderdale is the Sawgrass Expressway (SR 869), connecting the northern Broward County coast at I-95 and Deerfield Beach to I-595 and I-75 at Alligator Alley in Sunrise.

Express lanes on I-95 start in southern Broward County and continue to Miami-Dade County. With an increased presence of traffic in South Florida, it is projected that express lanes will soon be implemented in southern Palm Beach County.

Major freeways and tollways

Major airports

The metropolitan area is served by three major commercial airports. These airports combine to make the fourth largest domestic origin and destination market in the United States, after New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago.

The following smaller general aviation airports are also in the metro area:

Seaports

The Port of Miami is the world's busiest cruise ship port.

The metropolis also has four seaports, the largest and most important being the Port of Miami. Others in the area include Port Everglades, Port of Palm Beach and the Miami River Port. On August 21, 2012, PortMiami and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers signed the Partnership Agreement (PPA) construction agreement that will allow the Deep Dredge project to go out for bid. The Deep Dredge will deepen the Port's existing channels to minus 50/52 feet to prepare for the Panama Canal expansion, now scheduled for completion in early 2015. PortMiami's deeper channel will provide ships with an economically efficient, reliable and safe navigational route into the Port. PortMiami will be the only U.S. Port south of Norfolk, Virginia to be at the minus 50 foot depth in sync with the opening of the expanded Canal. Deep Dredge is expected to create more than 30,000 direct, indirect, and induced jobs in Florida and allow the Port to meet its goal to double its cargo traffic over the next decade.

Public transportation

Tri-Rail, Miami's commuter rail system, connects to the three counties north to south.
Government Center is one of the main stations for Metrorail and Metromover.
Metrobus serves all of Miami-Dade County.

Miami-Dade Transit (MDT) is the largest public transit agency in Florida, operating rapid transit, people movers, and an intercity bus system. Metrorail is Florida's only rapid transit, currently with 23 stations on a 24.4-mile (39.3 km) track. The Downtown Miami people mover, Metromover, operates 20 stations and three lines on a 4.4-mile (7.1 km) track through the Downtown neighborhoods of the Arts & Entertainment District, the Central Business District, and Brickell. Metrobus serves the entirety of Miami-Dade County, also serving Monroe County as far south as Marathon, and Broward County as far north as downtown Fort Lauderdale. In Broward County, Broward County Transit runs public buses, as does Palm Tran in Palm Beach County. Additionally, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority operates Tri-Rail, a commuter rail train that connects the three of the primary cities of South Florida (Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach), and most intermediate points. Virgin Trains USA provides service to Miami, Aventura, West Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton, and Central Florida's Orlando, with talks to expand to Tampa and Jacksonville.

Main article: Sports in Miami

The Miami metro area is home to five major league professional sports teams:

The Miami area is also host to minor league sports, college sports, and other sports:

Some of the most notable college sports teams include the Miami Hurricanes, Florida Atlantic Owls, FIU Panthers, NSU Sharks, and the Barry Buccaneers.

Major professional and D-I college teams (attendance > 10,000)
Club Sport League Venue (Capacity) Attendance League Championships
Miami Dolphins Football National Football League Hard Rock Stadium (64,767) 70,035 Super Bowl (2) — 1972, 1973
Miami Heat Basketball National Basketball Association FTX Arena (19,600) 19,710 NBA Finals (3) — 2006, 2012, 2013
Miami Marlins Baseball Major League Baseball Marlins Park (36,742) 21,386 World Series (2) — 1997, 2003
Inter Miami CF Soccer Major League Soccer Inter Miami CF Stadium
Florida Panthers Hockey National Hockey League BB&T Center (19,250) 10,250 None
Miami Hurricanes Football NCAA D-I (ACC) Hard Rock Stadium (64,767) 53,837 National titles (5) — 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001
Florida Atlantic Owls Football NCAA D-1 (AAC) FAU Stadium (29,571) 18,948 None
FIU Panthers Football NCAA D-I (Conference USA) FIU Stadium (23,500) 15,453 None
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Miami metropolitan area
Miami metropolitan area Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South Florida metropolitan area For the larger geographic region including the Florida Keys and the Everglades see South Florida The Miami metropolitan area is the seventh largest metropolitan area in the United States and the 72nd largest metropolitan area in the world At 1 279 2 sq mi 3 313 km2 of urban landmass it is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world The City of Miami is the financial and cultural core of the metropolis The metropolitan area includes Miami Dade Broward and Palm Beach counties which are the first second and third most populous counties in Florida Miami Dade with 2 716 940 people in 2019 is the seventh most populous county in the United States The three counties together have principal cities including Miami Fort Lauderdale Pembroke Pines West Palm Beach Hialeah Hollywood and Boca Raton It sits within the South Florida region which includes the Everglades and the Florida Keys It is also synonymous with an area known collectively as the Gold Coast Miami metropolitan area Miami Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach 1 MetropolisCoordinates 26 8 N 80 12 W 26 133 N 80 200 W 26 133 80 200 Coordinates 26 8 N 80 12 W 26 133 N 80 200 W 26 133 80 200Country United StatesState FloridaCore cityMiamiOther municipalitiescities Hialeah Fort Lauderdale Pembroke Pines Hollywood Miramar Coral Springs Miami Gardens Pompano Beach West Palm Beach Davie Boca Raton Sunrise Plantation Miami Beach Deerfield Beach Boynton Beach Delray Beach Lauderhill Weston Parkland AventuraArea Land6 137 sq mi 15 890 km2 Highest elevationJupiter Florida 53 ft 16 2 m Lowest elevationAtlantic Ocean 0 ft 0 m Population Total6 166 488 2 Rank7th in the U S Density1 004 8 sq mi 388 07 km2 Time zoneUTC 05 00 Eastern Standard Time Summer DST UTC 04 00 Eastern Daylight Time With 6 166 488 inhabitants as of 2019 the three counties collectively make up the Miami metropolitan area also known as Metro Miami which is the most populous in Florida and the second largest in the southeastern United States 3 4 5 6 Greater Miami includes a larger area defined by the United States Census Bureau as the Miami Port St Lucie Fort Lauderdale Combined statistical area This larger area includes Martin Saint Lucie and Indian River counties to the north of Palm Beach County Because the population of South Florida is largely confined to a strip of land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Everglades the Miami urbanized area that is the area of contiguous urban development is about 100 miles 160 km long north to south but never more than 20 miles 32 km wide and in some areas only 5 miles 8 km wide east to west The Miami metropolitan statistical area is longer than any other urbanized area in the United States except for the New York metropolitan area 7 It was the eighth most densely populated urbanized area in the United States in the 2000 census 8 As of the 2000 census the urbanized area had a land area of 1 116 square miles 2 890 km2 with a population of 4 919 036 for a population density of 4 407 4 per square mile 1 701 7 per square kilometer Miami and Hialeah the second largest city in the metropolitan area had population densities of more than 10 000 per square mile more than 3 800 per square kilometer 9 10 The Miami Urbanized Area was the fourth largest urbanized area in the United States in the 2010 census The Miami metropolitan area also includes several urban clusters UCs as of the 2000 Census which are not part of the Miami Urbanized Area These are the Belle Glade UC population 24 218 area 20 717 433 square meters and population density of 3027 6 per square mile Key Biscayne UC population 10 513 area 4 924 214 square meters and population density of 5529 5 per square mile Redland UC population 3 936 area 10 586 212 square meters and population density of 963 0 per square mile and West Jupiter UC population 8 998 area 24 737 176 square meters and population density of 942 1 per square mile 11 Major colleges and universities in the Greater Miami area include the University of Miami Florida Atlantic University Florida International University Nova Southeastern University Barry University St Thomas University Florida Memorial University Palm Beach Atlantic University Florida National University Keiser University Lynn University Miami Dade College Broward College and Palm Beach State College among others Satellite imagery of the Miami Metropolitan Area Contents 1 Definitions 1 1 Miami metropolitan area 1 2 Greater Miami 2 Geography 2 1 Climate 3 Component counties subregions and cities 3 1 Largest cities 3 2 Areas with between 10 000 and 100 000 inhabitants 3 3 Areas with fewer than 10 000 inhabitants 4 Demographics 4 1 Population 4 1 1 Age and gender 4 1 2 Ethnicity 4 2 Demographics of Miami Dade Broward and Palm Beach county 4 3 Housing 5 Politics 5 1 Government 5 2 Congressional districts 6 Economy 7 Culture 7 1 Miami dialect 8 Area codes 8 1 Area codes 9 Media 10 Education 11 Transportation 11 1 Roads 11 1 1 Major freeways and tollways 11 2 Major airports 11 3 Seaports 11 4 Public transportation 12 Sports 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External linksDefinitions EditMiami metropolitan area Edit The Miami metropolitan area is defined by the U S Office of Management and Budget as the Miami Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach FL Metropolitan Statistical Area MSA 12 with a 2019 population of 6 166 488 The MSA is in turn made up of three metropolitan divisions Miami Miami Beach Kendall FL Metropolitan Division coterminous with Miami Dade County 2019 population 2 716 940 Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach Sunrise FL Metropolitan Division coterminous with Broward County 2019 population 1 952 778 West Palm Beach Boca Raton Boynton Beach FL Metropolitan Division coterminous with Palm Beach County 2019 population 1 496 770 The MSA is the most populous metropolitan area in the Southeastern United States and has an area of 6 137 sq mi 15 890 km2 Greater Miami Edit The Census Bureau also defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns or metropolis the Miami Port Saint Lucie Fort Lauderdale FL Combined Statistical Area CSA more commonly known as the Greater Miami Area with an estimated population of 6 889 936 in 2019 13 The CSA consists of three component metropolitan areas The Miami Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach FL MSA 2019 pop 6 166 488 The Port Saint Lucie FL MSA 2019 pop 489 297 consisting of Martin County Florida 2019 pop 161 000 Saint Lucie County Florida 2019 pop 328 297 The Sebastian Vero Beach FL MSA coterminous with Indian River County 2019 pop 159 923 Geography EditClimate Edit See also Climate of Miami A view of Biscayne National Park in Miami Dade County South Florida Miami metropolitan area has a tropical climate similar to the climate found in much of the Caribbean It is the only metropolitan area in the 48 contiguous states that falls under that category More specifically it generally has a tropical monsoon climate Koppen climate classification Am 14 The South Florida metropolis sees most of its rain in the summer wet season and is quite dry in the winter dry season The wet season which is hot and humid lasts from May to October when daily thunderstorms and passing weak tropical lows bring downpours during the late afternoon The dry season often starts in late October and runs through late April During the height of the dry season from February through April South Florida is often very dry and often brush fires and water restrictions are an issue At times cold fronts can make it all the way down to South Florida and provide some modest rainfall in the dry season The hurricane season largely coincides with the wet season 15 In addition to its sea level elevation coastal location and position near the Tropic of Cancer and the Caribbean the area owes its warm humid climate to the Gulf Stream which moderates climate year round A typical summer day does not see temperatures below 75 F 24 C Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s 30 35 C accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean which then allow lower temperatures although conditions still remain very muggy During winter dry air often dominates as dew points are often very low Average daily high temperatures across South Florida during the winter are around 75 77 F 24 25 C Although daily highs can sometimes reach 82 85 F 28 29 C even in January and February Daily low temperatures during the winter are generally around 55 63 F 13 17 C Each winter cold fronts occasionally make their way down to the northern Bahamas and South Florida As a result daytime high temperatures in South Florida may only reach around 65 F 18 C When this occurs low temperatures can dip into the 40s during the early morning hours before quickly warming up toward late morning early afternoon It is rare for temperatures to drop below 40 F 4 C however low temperatures at or around 35 F 2 C have occurred some years South Florida only experiences these cold spells about twice each winter and they typically only last a day or two before temperatures return to the mid 70s On average South Florida is frost free although there can be a light frost in the inland communities a few times each decade Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30 although hurricanes can develop outside that period The most likely time for South Florida to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season mid August through the end of September 16 Due to its location between two major bodies of water known for tropical activity South Florida is also statistically the most likely major area to be struck by a hurricane in the world trailed closely by Nassau Bahamas and Havana Cuba Many hurricanes have affected the metropolis including Betsy in 1965 Andrew in 1992 Irene in 1999 Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 2005 and Irma in 2017 In addition a tropical depression in October 2000 passed over the city causing record rainfall and flooding Locally the storm is credited as the No Name Storm of 2000 though the depression went on to become Tropical Storm Leslie upon entering the Atlantic Ocean Climate data for West Palm Beach Airport Florida 1981 2010 normals 17 extremes 1888 present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high F C 75 2 24 0 76 3 24 6 80 0 26 7 84 1 28 9 87 0 30 6 90 7 32 6 92 0 33 3 91 8 33 2 88 3 31 3 84 3 29 1 82 3 27 9 76 5 24 7 84 3 29 1 Average low F C 57 4 14 1 58 5 14 7 61 6 16 4 65 0 18 3 70 5 21 4 75 0 23 9 75 2 24 0 75 4 24 1 74 3 23 5 70 9 21 6 63 3 17 4 60 0 15 6 66 5 19 2 Average rainfall inches mm 2 18 55 2 09 53 2 05 52 2 03 52 5 76 146 9 02 229 9 27 235 9 83 250 9 93 252 9 57 243 5 07 129 2 27 58 60 35 1 533 Average rainy days 0 01 in 7 8 6 7 5 0 5 8 14 1 16 0 18 1 19 0 16 7 17 1 10 2 7 1 132 6Source NOAA 18 19 Climate data for Fort Lauderdale Int l Airport Florida 1981 2010 normals extremes 1912 present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high F C 75 5 24 2 76 7 24 8 78 5 25 8 82 9 28 3 85 6 29 8 89 8 32 1 91 4 33 0 90 5 32 5 88 8 31 6 85 8 29 9 81 0 27 2 76 9 24 9 83 3 28 5 Average low F C 59 0 15 0 60 5 15 8 63 4 17 4 66 9 19 4 72 0 22 2 74 4 23 6 75 9 24 4 75 8 24 3 75 2 24 0 71 8 22 1 65 7 18 7 61 3 16 3 67 7 19 8 Average rainfall inches mm 3 63 92 2 96 75 3 36 85 2 89 73 4 65 118 10 16 258 5 98 152 7 44 189 8 59 218 6 82 173 3 24 82 2 46 62 62 18 1 579 Average rainy days 0 01 in 5 0 6 1 6 9 5 4 8 8 15 9 15 9 15 7 15 8 10 6 8 1 8 1 122 3Source 20 21 22 vteClimate data for Miami International Airport 1991 2020 normals a extremes 1895 present b Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high F C 88 31 89 32 93 34 97 36 98 37 98 37 100 38 98 37 97 36 95 35 91 33 89 32 100 38 Mean maximum F C 84 4 29 1 85 8 29 9 89 0 31 7 90 7 32 6 92 8 33 8 94 2 34 6 94 7 34 8 94 5 34 7 93 2 34 0 90 9 32 7 87 0 30 6 84 9 29 4 95 8 35 4 Average high F C 76 2 24 6 78 2 25 7 80 6 27 0 83 6 28 7 86 7 30 4 89 3 31 8 90 6 32 6 90 7 32 6 89 0 31 7 85 9 29 9 81 3 27 4 78 2 25 7 84 2 29 0 Daily mean F C 68 6 20 3 70 7 21 5 73 1 22 8 76 7 24 8 80 1 26 7 82 8 28 2 84 1 28 9 84 2 29 0 83 0 28 3 80 1 26 7 74 8 23 8 71 2 21 8 77 4 25 2 Average low F C 61 0 16 1 63 2 17 3 65 6 18 7 69 8 21 0 73 4 23 0 76 3 24 6 77 5 25 3 77 7 25 4 76 9 24 9 74 2 23 4 68 3 20 2 64 3 17 9 70 7 21 5 Mean minimum F C 45 1 7 3 48 5 9 2 52 3 11 3 59 6 15 3 66 7 19 3 71 5 21 9 72 5 22 5 72 8 22 7 72 7 22 6 65 0 18 3 55 7 13 2 49 7 9 8 42 5 5 8 Record low F C 28 2 27 3 32 0 39 4 50 10 60 16 66 19 67 19 62 17 45 7 36 2 30 1 27 3 Average precipitation inches mm 1 83 46 2 15 55 2 46 62 3 36 85 6 32 161 10 51 267 7 36 187 9 58 243 10 22 260 7 65 194 3 53 90 2 44 62 67 41 1 712 Average precipitation days 0 01 in 7 7 6 5 6 3 6 9 10 8 17 6 17 3 19 4 18 1 13 8 8 6 8 0 141 0Average relative humidity 72 7 70 9 69 5 67 3 71 6 76 2 74 8 76 2 77 8 74 9 73 8 72 5 73 2Average dew point F C 57 6 14 2 57 6 14 2 60 4 15 8 62 6 17 0 67 6 19 8 72 0 22 2 73 0 22 8 73 8 23 2 73 2 22 9 68 7 20 4 63 9 17 7 59 2 15 1 65 8 18 8 Mean monthly sunshine hours 219 8 216 9 277 2 293 8 301 3 288 7 308 7 288 3 262 2 260 2 220 8 216 1 3 154Percent possible sunshine 66 69 75 77 72 70 73 71 71 73 68 66 71Source NOAA relative humidity dew point and sun 1961 1990 23 24 25 The Weather Channel 26 Climate data for Miami Beach 1981 2010 normalsMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high F C 73 8 23 2 74 9 23 8 76 3 24 6 79 4 26 3 82 8 28 2 86 5 30 3 88 1 31 2 88 5 31 4 87 0 30 6 83 7 28 7 79 3 26 3 75 7 24 3 81 3 27 4 Average low F C 61 4 16 3 63 0 17 2 65 3 18 5 69 2 20 7 73 9 23 3 77 0 25 0 78 3 25 7 78 6 25 9 77 7 25 4 74 7 23 7 69 5 20 8 64 3 17 9 71 1 21 7 Average rainfall inches mm 2 09 53 2 33 59 3 00 76 3 20 81 4 98 126 8 27 210 4 35 110 6 37 162 7 88 200 4 47 114 2 74 70 2 05 52 51 73 1 313 Average rainy days 0 01 in 6 7 6 0 6 9 6 0 8 9 14 5 12 1 14 0 14 9 11 2 8 1 6 9 116 2Source NOAA extremes 1927 present 23 Component counties subregions and cities EditLargest cities Edit Miami Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach The following is a list of the twenty largest cities in the Miami metropolitan area as ranked by population 27 28 29 Rank City County 2000 population 2010 population 2018 population 2010 to 2018 change1 Miami Miami Dade 362 470 399 457 470 914 17 89 2 Hialeah Miami Dade 226 419 224 669 238 942 6 35 3 Fort Lauderdale Broward 152 397 165 521 182 595 10 32 4 Pembroke Pines Broward 137 427 154 750 172 374 11 39 5 Hollywood Broward 139 357 140 768 154 823 9 98 6 Miramar Broward 72 739 122 041 140 823 15 39 7 Coral Springs Broward 117 549 121 096 133 507 10 25 8 Miami Gardens Miami Dade 100 758 107 167 113 069 5 51 9 Pompano Beach Broward 78 191 99 845 111 954 12 13 10 West Palm Beach Palm Beach 82 103 99 919 111 398 11 49 11 Davie Broward 75 720 91 922 106 558 15 92 12 Boca Raton Palm Beach 74 764 84 392 99 244 17 60 13 Sunrise Broward 85 779 84 439 95 458 13 05 14 Plantation Broward 82 934 84 955 94 288 10 99 15 Miami Beach Miami Dade 87 933 87 779 91 718 4 49 16 Deerfield Beach Broward 64 583 75 018 80 863 7 79 17 Boynton Beach Palm Beach 60 389 68 217 78 050 14 41 18 Lauderhill Broward 57 585 66 887 72 094 7 78 19 Weston Broward 49 251 65 333 71 210 9 00 20 Homestead Miami Dade 31 909 60 512 70 477 16 47 Areas with between 10 000 and 100 000 inhabitants Edit Aventura Belle Glade Boca Del Mar Boca Raton Boynton Beach Brownsville Coconut Creek Cooper City Coral Gables Coral Terrace Country Club Country Walk Cutler Bay Dania Beach Deerfield Beach Delray Beach Doral Florida City Fontainebleau Gladeview Glenvar Heights Goulds Greenacres Hallandale Beach Hamptons at Boca Raton Hialeah Gardens Homestead Ives Estates Jupiter Kendale Lakes Kendall West Kendall Key Biscayne Kings Point Lake Worth Corridor Lake Worth Beach Lauderdale Lakes Lauderhill Leisure City Lighthouse Point Margate Miami Beach Miami Lakes Miami Shores Miami Springs North Lauderdale North Miami Beach North Miami North Palm Beach Oakland Park Ojus Olympia Heights Opa locka Palm Beach Gardens Palm Beach Palm Springs Palmetto Bay Palmetto Estates Parkland Pinecrest Pinewood Plantation Princeton Richmond West Riviera Beach Royal Palm Beach Sandalfoot Cove South Miami Heights South Miami Sunny Isles Beach Sunrise Sunset Sweetwater Tamarac Tamiami The Crossings The Hammocks University Park Wellington West Little River West Park Westchester Weston Westwood Lakes Wilton Manors Areas with fewer than 10 000 inhabitants Edit Atlantis Bal Harbour Bay Harbor Islands Belle Glade Camp Biscayne Park Boca Pointe Boulevard Gardens Briny Breezes Broadview Park Canal Point Century Village Cypress Lakes Dunes Road El Portal Fisher Island Franklin Park Fremd Village Padgett Island Glen Ridge Godfrey Road Golden Beach Golden Lakes Golf Gulf Stream Gun Club Estates Haverhill High Point Highland Beach Hillsboro Beach Hillsboro Pines Homestead Base Hypoluxo Indian Creek Islandia Juno Beach Juno Ridge Jupiter Inlet Colony Lake Belvedere Estates Lake Clarke Shores Lake Harbor Lake Park Lakeside Green Lantana Lauderdale by the Sea Lazy Lake Limestone Creek Manalapan Mangonia Park Medley Mission Bay Naranja North Bay Village Ocean Ridge Pahokee Palm Beach Shores Palm Springs North Pembroke Park Plantation Mobile Home Park Richmond Heights Roosevelt Gardens Royal Palm Estates Schall Circle Sea Ranch Lakes Seminole Manor South Bay South Palm Beach Southwest Ranches Stacy Street Surfside Tequesta Three Lakes Villages of Oriole Virginia Gardens Washington Park Westlake West Miami West Perrine Westview Whisper WalkDemographics EditPopulation Edit An aerial view of Downtown Miami Historical population Miami MSA Miami Dade Broward and Palm Beach Counties YearPop 192066 542 1930214 830 222 8 1940387 522 80 4 1950693 705 79 0 19601 497 099 115 8 19702 236 645 49 4 19803 220 844 44 0 19904 056 100 25 9 20005 007 564 23 5 20105 564 635 11 1 2019 est 6 166 488 10 8 Source U S Census Bureau 30 31 Historical population Greater Miami CSA Six county area YearPop 1930233 722 1940414 645 77 4 1950733 564 76 9 19601 578 634 115 2 19702 351 508 49 0 19803 431 936 45 9 19904 397 378 28 1 20005 439 937 23 7 20106 126 770 12 6 2019 est 6 815 708 11 2 Source U S Census Bureau 32 The Miami area is a diverse community with a large proportion of foreign born residents in large part due to its close proximity to Latin America and the Caribbean Another factor is residents who were formerly snowbirds from the Northeast and to a lesser extent countries such as Canada As of the 2005 American Community Survey 33 34 5 334 685 people lived in the metropolis Geographic mobility In 2005 83 of the people at least one year old living in the Miami metro area were living in the same residence one year earlier 12 had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county 2 from another county in the same state 2 from another state and 1 from abroad Education In 2005 83 of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 30 had a bachelor s degree or higher Among people 16 to 19 years old 7 were dropouts they were not enrolled in school and had not yet graduated from high school The total school enrollment in the Miami Metro Area was 1 4 million in 2005 Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 170 000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 879 000 children College or graduate school enrollment was 354 000 Poverty and Participation in Government Programs In 2005 14 of people were in poverty 19 of related children under 18 were below the poverty level compared with 14 of people 65 years old and over 11 of all families and 26 of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level Age and gender Edit As of the 2010 U S Census there were 5 564 635 people 2 8 million 52 were females and 2 6 million 48 were males The median age was 38 6 years 24 of the population were under 18 years and 15 were 65 years and older There were 2 097 626 households and 1 378 108 families residing in the Miami metropolitan area Ethnicity Edit The racial makeup of the population of the Miami area 6 066 387 as of 2016 35 White 70 White Hispanic 31 1 White Non Hispanic 39 2 Black or African American 21 1 Native American and Alaskan Native 0 2 Asian 2 6 Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 0 Other races 3 4 Two or more races 2 6 Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46 1 of the population 36 37 The Miami area has a large Jewish community 10 2 of the population was Jewish in the 2000 Census 38 Of the people living in the Miami metro area in 2005 63 were born in the United States including 30 who were born in Florida and 37 were foreign born Among people at least five years old living in the region in 2005 52 spoke English at home while 48 spoke some other language at home Of those speaking a language other than English at home 78 spoke Spanish and 22 spoke some other language mainly Haitian Creole but also French German Arabic Hebrew Italian Portuguese Russian or Yiddish Demographics of Miami Dade Broward and Palm Beach county Edit County 2019 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area DensityMiami Dade County 2 716 940 2 497 993 8 76 1 897 72 sq mi 4 915 1 km2 1 432 sq mi 553 km2 Broward County 1 952 778 1 748 146 11 71 1 209 79 sq mi 3 133 3 km2 1 614 sq mi 623 km2 Palm Beach County 1 496 770 1 320 135 13 38 1 969 76 sq mi 5 101 7 km2 760 sq mi 293 km2 Total 6 166 488 5 566 274 10 78 5 077 27 sq mi 13 150 1 km2 1 215 sq mi 469 km2 Housing Edit Changes in house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case Shiller index the statistic is published by Standard amp Poor s and is also a component of S amp P s 10 city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market Housing characteristics As of 2005 the Miami area had a total of 2 3 million housing units 13 of which were vacant Of the total housing units 52 were in single unit structures 45 were in multi unit structures and 3 were mobile homes 25 of the housing units were built since 1990 As of 2019 over 70 of Miami s residents are renters with median rent of 1 355 180 over the national average Households and families There were 2 338 450 households The average household size was 2 6 people Families made up 65 of the households in the Miami area This figure includes both married couple families 45 and other families 20 Nonfamily households made up 35 of all households in Miami Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone but some consisted of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder Occupied housing unit characteristics In 2005 the Miami area had 2 0 million occupied housing units 1 3 million 66 owner occupied and 688 000 34 renter occupied Housing costs In 2010 housing costs in the Miami area typically represented 40 of household income compared to 34 nationwide 39 Property tax increase In March 2009 Miami area lawmakers passed a 5 10 hike in property tax millage rates throughout the metropolitan area to fund the construction of new schools and to fund understaffed schools and educational institutions resulting in an increase in residents property tax bills beginning in the 2009 tax year Politics EditPolitically speaking the region is heavily Democratic Broward County is the second most reliably Democratic county in the state 40 41 behind only Palm Beach County 42 This contrasts with most of the rest of Florida whose heavier Southern influence leads it to vote for the Republican Party With a majority Hispanic population in Miami Dade Republican votes are mainly by older generations of Cuban Americans most of whom defected to the United States following the Cuban Revolution but Miami Dade County still remains very Democratic when compared with most of Florida s other counties 43 44 45 In the 2016 presidential election 62 3 of voters in the Miami metropolitan area voted Democratic This was the 6th highest of any metro area in the United States 46 Government Edit The Stephen P Clark Government Center in Downtown Miami is the headquarters of the Miami Dade County government The metropolitan area is governed by 3 counties In total there are 107 municipalities or incorporated places in the metropolis Each one of the municipalities has its own city town or village government although there is no distinction between the 3 names Much of the land in the metropolis is unincorporated which means it does not belong to any municipality and therefore is governed directly by the county it is located in Congressional districts Edit The Miami metropolitan area contains all or part of nine Congressional districts the 18th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th and 27th districts 47 As of 2017 update the 113th Congress the Cook Partisan Voting Index listed four as being Republican leaning the 18th 25th 26th and 27th with the 25th being the most Republican leaning at R 5 and five as being Democratic leaning the 20th 21st 22nd 23rd and 24th with the 24th being the most Democratic leaning at D 34 making it the ninth most Democratic leaning district in the nation 48 Economy EditSee also List of companies based in Miami The urban neighborhood of Brickell in Downtown Miami contains the largest concentration of international banks in the U S Occupations and Type of Employer Among the most common occupations were 32 were management professional and related occupations 30 were sales and office occupations 18 were service occupations 11 were construction extraction maintenance and repair occupations and 9 were production transportation and material moving occupations 81 of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers 12 were Federal state or local government workers and 7 were Self employed in own not incorporated business workers Income The median income of households in the Miami area was 43 091 78 of the households received earnings and 13 received retirement income other than Social Security 30 of the households received Social Security The average income from Social Security was 13 citation needed These income sources are not mutually exclusive that is some households received income from more than one source Industries In 2005 for the employed population 16 years and older the leading industries in the Miami area were Educational services health care and social assistance which accounted for 18 and Professional scientific and management and administrative and waste management services which accounted for 13 of the population Traveling to Work 79 of Miami area workers drove to work alone in 2005 10 carpooled 4 took public transportation and 4 used other means The remaining 3 worked at home Among those who commuted to work it took them on average 28 5 minutes to get to work Culture EditMiami dialect Edit Main article Miami accent In Miami Dade County and Broward County and areas nearby a unique dialect commonly called the Miami dialect is widely spoken The dialect developed among second or third generation Hispanics including Cuban Americans whose first language was English though some non Hispanic white black and other races who were born and raised in Miami Dade tend to adopt it as well 49 It is based on a fairly standard American accent but with some changes very similar to dialects in the Mid Atlantic especially the New York area dialect Northern New Jersey English and New York Latino English Unlike Virginia Piedmont Coastal Southern American and Northeast American dialects and Florida Cracker dialect see section below Miami accent is rhotic it also incorporates a rhythm and pronunciation heavily influenced by Spanish wherein rhythm is syllable timed 50 However this is a native dialect of English not learner English or interlanguage it is possible to differentiate this variety from an interlanguage spoken by second language speakers in that Miami accent does not generally display the following features there is no addition of ɛ before initial consonant clusters with s speakers do not confuse of dʒ with j e g Yale with jail and r and rr are pronounced as alveolar approximant ɹ instead of alveolar tap ɾ or alveolar trill r in Spanish 51 52 53 54 Area codes EditArea codes Edit Main article List of Florida area codes 305 Miami Dade County and the Florida Keys overlaid by 786 786 Miami Dade County and the Florida Keys overlays 305 954 All of Broward County Fort Lauderdale Hollywood Coral Springs Pompano Beach overlaid by 754 754 All of Broward County Fort Lauderdale Hollywood Coral Springs Pompano Beach overlays with 954 561 All of Palm Beach County West Palm Beach Boca Raton Boynton Beach Delray BeachMedia EditMain article Media in Miami See also List of radio stations in Florida The former Miami Herald headquarters in Downtown Miami The Miami Herald is the largest newspaper in South Florida Greater Miami is served by several English language and two major Spanish language daily newspapers The Miami Herald headquartered in Doral is Miami s primary newspaper with over a million readers It also has news bureaus in Broward County Monroe County and Nassau Bahamas The South Florida Sun Sentinel circulates primarily in Broward and southern Palm Beach counties and also has a news bureau in Havana Cuba The Palm Beach Post serves mainly Palm Beach County especially the central and northern regions and the Treasure Coast The Boca Raton News publishes five days a week and circulates in southern Palm Beach County 55 El Nuevo Herald a subsidiary of the Miami Herald and Diario Las Americas 56 are Spanish language daily papers that circulate mainly in Miami Dade County La Palma and El Sentinel are weekly Spanish newspapers published by the Palm Beach Post and Sun Sentinel respectively and circulate in the same areas as their English language counterparts There are several university student run newspapers in the area such as The Miami Hurricane at UM University Press at FAU and PantherNOW at FIU and Greater Miami is split into two separate television radio markets The Miami Fort Lauderdale market serves Miami Dade Broward and the Florida Keys The West Palm Beach market serves Palm Beach County and the Treasure Coast region Miami Fort Lauderdale is the 12th largest radio market and the 16th largest television market in the U S television stations serving the Miami Fort Lauderdale area include WAMI TV UniMas WBFS TV MyNetworkTV WSFL TV The CW WFOR TV CBS WHFT TV TBN WLTV Univision WPLG ABC WPXM ION WSCV Telemundo WSVN FOX WTVJ NBC WLRN TV PBS and WPBT also PBS the latter television station being the only channel to serve the entire metropolitan area Student run radio stations include WVUM at the University of Miami and WRGP at Florida International University In addition to the Miami Fort Lauderdale market West Palm Beach has its own It is the 49th largest radio market and the 38th largest television market in the U S Television stations serving the West Palm Beach area include WPTV NBC WPEC CBS WPBF ABC WFLX FOX WTVX The CW WXEL PBS WTCN MyNetworkTV and WPXP ION The West Palm Beach market shares use of WSCV and WLTV for Telemundo and Univision respectively Also both markets cross over and tend to be available interchangeably between both areas In 2015 WPBT and WXEL merged their operations to form South Florida PBS although both stations have maintained separate programming schedules and social media platforms but share the same subchannel lineup Education Edit University of Miami Florida Atlantic University Florida International University Nova Southeastern University In Florida each county is also a school district Each district is headed by an elected school board A professional superintendent manages the day to day operations of each district who is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the school board The Miami Dade County Public School District is currently the 4th largest public school district in the nation The School District of Palm Beach County is the 4th largest in Florida and the 11th largest in the United States Broward County Public School District is the 6th largest in the United States The University of Miami is the one of the top ranked research institutions in the United States and is the most selective major university in Florida As of 2020 Florida International University is ranked the 4th largest university by enrollment in the United States Some colleges and universities in Greater Miami include Barry University private Catholic Broward College public Carlos Albizu University private Chamberlain University private Florida Atlantic University public Florida International University public Florida Memorial University private Baptist Florida National University private Jersey College private Keiser University private Lynn University private Miami Dade College public Northwood University private Nova Southeastern University private Palm Beach Atlantic University private Christian Palm Beach State College public St Thomas University private Catholic University of Miami private In 2005 82 of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 28 had a bachelor s degree or higher Among people 16 to 19 years old 7 were dropouts they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school The total school enrollment in the Miami metro area was 1 4 million in 2005 Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 170 000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 879 000 College or graduate school enrollment was 354 000 Transportation EditMain article Transportation in South Florida Rail transport in South FloridaLegend Brightlineto Orlando Airport planned Amtrak Silver Serviceto New York Mangonia Park West Palm Beach West Palm Beach Lake Worth Tri Rail farezone boundary Boynton Beach Delray Beach Tri Rail farezone boundary Boca Raton Boca Raton planned Palm BeachBroward Deerfield Beach Pompano Beach Tri Rail farezone boundary Cypress Creek Fort Lauderdale New River Fort Lauderdale Tri Rail farezone boundary Fort Lauderdale Airport Sheridan Street Hollywood BrowardMiami Dade Tri Rail farezone boundary Aventura planned Golden Glades Opa locka Miami Palmetto Miami Canal Okeechobee Hialeah Tri Rail and Metrorail Transfer Northside Tri Rail Downtown Miami Link opens late 2022 Dr Martin Luther King Jr Plaza Brownsville Hialeah Market Earlington Heights Miami River Allapattah Miami Intermodal Center Miami International Airport Santa Clara Civic Center School Board Adrienne Arsht Center Culmer Museum Park Eleventh Street Park West Freedom Tower Biscayne Bay PortMiami planned Historic Overtown Lyric Theatre Wilkie D Ferguson Jr MiamiCentral Government Center College North College Bayside First Street Bayfront Park Miami Avenue Third Street Knight Center Riverwalk Miami River Fifth Street Brickell City Centre Tenth Street Promenade Brickell Financial District Vizcaya Coconut Grove Douglas Road University South Miami Dadeland North Dadeland South Amtrak Brightline and Tri Rail Metrorail Metromover MIA Mover All stations are accessibleThis diagram viewtalkeditRoads Edit Julia Tuttle Causeway I 195 connects Miami and Miami Beach The Miami metropolitan area is served by five interstate highways operated by the Florida Department of Transportation FDOT in conjunction with local agencies Interstate 95 I 95 runs north to south along the coast ending just south of Downtown Miami at South Dixie Highway US 1 I 75 runs east to west turning south in western Broward County and connecting suburban north Miami Dade to Naples on the Southwest Coast via Alligator Alley which transverses the Florida Everglades before turning north I 595 connects the Broward coast and downtown Fort Lauderdale to I 75 and Alligator Alley In Miami I 195 and I 395 relay the main I 95 route east to Biscayne Boulevard US 1 and Miami Beach across Biscayne Bay via the Julia Tuttle and MacArthur causeways In greater Miami the Miami Dade Expressway Authority and Florida s Turnpike Enterprise FTE maintain eight state expressways in conjunction with FDOT The Airport Expressway SR 112 and the Dolphin Expressway SR 836 relay western Miami Dade suburbs to the eastern urban coast at I 95 and to Miami Beach via I 195 and I 395 at the Airport and Midtown interchanges The Gratigny Parkway SR 924 connects northern Miami suburbs to the southern end of I 75 The Palmetto Expressway SR 826 is the primary beltway road of urban Miami relaying I 95 and Florida s Turnpike SR 91 at the Golden Glades Interchange near northeastern North Miami Beach to the southern inland suburbs of Kendall and Pinecrest The Don Shula Expressway SR 874 and the Homestead Extension of Florida s Turnpike SR 821 form the southernmost end of the beltway connecting the Palmetto Expressway to the bedroom communities of Homestead and Florida City The Snapper Creek Expressway SR 878 relays the Don Shula Expressway to South Dixie Highway US 1 The urban bypass expressway in greater Fort Lauderdale is the Sawgrass Expressway SR 869 connecting the northern Broward County coast at I 95 and Deerfield Beach to I 595 and I 75 at Alligator Alley in Sunrise Express lanes on I 95 start in southern Broward County and continue to Miami Dade County With an increased presence of traffic in South Florida it is projected that express lanes will soon be implemented in southern Palm Beach County Major freeways and tollways Edit Interstate 95 Interstate 75 Interstate 195 State Road 112 Airport Expressway Interstate 395 State Road 836 Dolphin Expressway Interstate 595 Port Everglades Expressway Florida s Turnpike including Homestead Extension State Road 924 Gratigny Parkway State Road 874 Don Shula Expressway State Road 878 Snapper Creek Expressway State Road 869 Sawgrass Expressway State Road 826 Palmetto Expressway Major airports Edit The metropolitan area is served by three major commercial airports These airports combine to make the fourth largest domestic origin and destination market in the United States after New York City Los Angeles and Chicago 57 Airport IATA code County FAA CategoryMiami International Airport MIA Miami Dade Large HubFort Lauderdale Hollywood International Airport FLL Broward Large HubPalm Beach International Airport PBI Palm Beach Large Hub The following smaller general aviation airports are also in the metro area Airport IATA code ICAO code CountyDade Collier Training and Transition Airport TNT KTNT Miami DadeMiami Homestead General Aviation Airport Miami DadeHomestead Joint Air Reserve Base HST KHST Miami DadeMiami Executive Airport TMB KTMB Miami DadeMiami Opa Locka Executive Airport OPF KOPF Miami DadeFort Lauderdale Executive Airport FXE KFXE BrowardNorth Perry Airport HWO KHWO BrowardPompano Beach Airpark PPM KPMP BrowardNorth Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport Palm BeachPalm Beach County Park Airport LNA KLNA Palm BeachBoca Raton Airport Palm BeachSeaports Edit The Port of Miami is the world s busiest cruise ship port The metropolis also has four seaports the largest and most important being the Port of Miami Others in the area include Port Everglades Port of Palm Beach and the Miami River Port On August 21 2012 PortMiami and the U S Army Corps of Engineers signed the Partnership Agreement PPA construction agreement that will allow the Deep Dredge project to go out for bid The Deep Dredge will deepen the Port s existing channels to minus 50 52 feet to prepare for the Panama Canal expansion now scheduled for completion in early 2015 PortMiami s deeper channel will provide ships with an economically efficient reliable and safe navigational route into the Port PortMiami will be the only U S Port south of Norfolk Virginia to be at the minus 50 foot depth in sync with the opening of the expanded Canal Deep Dredge is expected to create more than 30 000 direct indirect and induced jobs in Florida and allow the Port to meet its goal to double its cargo traffic over the next decade Public transportation Edit Tri Rail Miami s commuter rail system connects to the three counties north to south Government Center is one of the main stations for Metrorail and Metromover Metrobus serves all of Miami Dade County Miami Dade Transit MDT is the largest public transit agency in Florida operating rapid transit people movers and an intercity bus system Metrorail is Florida s only rapid transit currently with 23 stations on a 24 4 mile 39 3 km track The Downtown Miami people mover Metromover operates 20 stations and three lines on a 4 4 mile 7 1 km track through the Downtown neighborhoods of the Arts amp Entertainment District the Central Business District and Brickell Metrobus serves the entirety of Miami Dade County also serving Monroe County as far south as Marathon and Broward County as far north as downtown Fort Lauderdale In Broward County Broward County Transit runs public buses as does Palm Tran in Palm Beach County Additionally the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority operates Tri Rail a commuter rail train that connects the three of the primary cities of South Florida Miami Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach and most intermediate points Virgin Trains USA provides service to Miami Aventura West Palm Beach Fort Lauderdale Boca Raton and Central Florida s Orlando with talks to expand to Tampa and Jacksonville 58 59 Sports EditMain article Sports in Miami The Miami metro area is home to five major league professional sports teams The Miami Dolphins of the National Football League play at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens The Inter Miami CF of Major League Soccer play at Inter Miami CF Stadium in Fort Lauderdale The Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association play at FTX Arena in Downtown Miami The Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball play at Marlins Park in Little Havana The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League play at BB amp T Center in Sunrise The Miami area is also host to minor league sports college sports and other sports The Miami Marlins and St Louis Cardinals conduct spring training in Jupiter at Roger Dean Stadium The Houston Astros and Washington Nationals conduct spring training in West Palm Beach at FITTEAM Ballpark of the Palm Beaches 60 61 62 Inter Miami CF will have a reserve team that will play in USL League One The Homestead Miami Speedway oval has hosted NASCAR Cup Series and IndyCar Series events Temporary street circuits at Museum Park hosted several CART IMSA GT and American Le Mans Series races between from 1986 1995 as well as a Formula E race in 2015 The Palm Beach International Raceway is a minor road course Some of the most notable college sports teams include the Miami Hurricanes Florida Atlantic Owls FIU Panthers NSU Sharks and the Barry Buccaneers Major professional and D I college teams attendance gt 10 000 Club Sport League Venue Capacity Attendance League ChampionshipsMiami Dolphins Football National Football League Hard Rock Stadium 64 767 70 035 Super Bowl 2 1972 1973Miami Heat Basketball National Basketball Association FTX Arena 19 600 19 710 NBA Finals 3 2006 2012 2013Miami Marlins Baseball Major League Baseball Marlins Park 36 742 21 386 World Series 2 1997 2003Inter Miami CF Soccer Major League Soccer Inter Miami CF StadiumFlorida Panthers Hockey National Hockey League BB amp T Center 19 250 10 250 NoneMiami Hurricanes Football NCAA D I ACC Hard Rock Stadium 64 767 53 837 National titles 5 1983 1987 1989 1991 2001Florida Atlantic Owls Football NCAA D 1 AAC FAU Stadium 29 571 18 948 NoneFIU Panthers Football NCAA D I Conference USA FIU Stadium 23 500 15 453 None Hard Rock Stadium home of the Miami Dolphins of the NFL and Miami Hurricanes college football FTX Arena home of the Miami Heat of the NBA Marlins Park home of the Miami Marlins of the MLB BB amp T Center home of the Florida Panthers FAU Stadium home of the Florida Atlantic Owls Riccardo Silva Stadium home of the FIU PanthersSee also EditSouth Florida United States metropolitan area Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas Largest metropolitan areas in the AmericasPortals Access related topics Florida portal United States portalNotes Edit Mean monthly maxima and minima i e the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020 Official records for Miami were kept at the Lemon City from September 1895 to November 1900 the Miami COOP from December 1900 to May 1911 the Weather Bureau Office from June 1911 to February 1937 at various locations in and around the city from March 1937 to July 1942 and at Miami Int l since August 1942 For more information see ThreadEx References Edit https metropolitan fiu edu research periodic publications hot topics south florida population change 2017 pdf U S Census Bureau QuickFacts Miami Dade County Florida Broward County Florida Palm Beach County Florida Williams Darlene F 2005 Proposed Metropolitan Area Definitions for FY2006 Income Limits and Estimates of Median Family Income Federal Register 74988 74993 Retrieved January 12 2011 John Mark Ockerbloom January 1 2011 Miami Metropolitan Area Fla The Online Books Page University of Pennsylvania Retrieved January 12 2011 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES FOR THE MIAMI AREA 2008 09 PDF News Release United States Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics October 28 2010 Retrieved January 12 2011 Journey To Work Trends in the United States and its Major Metropolitan Areas 1960 1990 Research and Innovative Technology Administration National Transportation Library Federal Highway Administration June 2003 Retrieved January 12 2011 PDFMiami Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach Linear amp Visionless retrieved August 2 2006 USA Urbanized Areas Over 500 000 2000 Rankings Rank by Density URL retrieved September 5 2006 Lists of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas and Urban Clusters Archived June 13 2002 at the Wayback Machine URL retrieved August 27 2006 NOTE large 2 8 MB PDF file UMiami Florida Urbanized Area Outline Map 2000 Census URL retrieved August 27 2006 State sorted list for UCs URL retrieved August 27 2006 https www2 census gov geo maps metroarea us wall Mar2020 CBSA WallMap Mar2020 pdf https www2 census gov geo maps metroarea us wall Mar2020 CSA WallMap Mar2020 pdf Koppen Climate Classification Map South Florida Aw tropical wet amp dry Archived from the original on July 6 2011 Climate Zones of the World under Koppen s System Retrieved August 8 2006 Weather com Vulnerable cities Miami Florida Archived April 27 2006 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved February 19 2006 Mean monthly maxima and minima i e the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010 NOWData NOAA Online Weather Data National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved August 21 2012 Station Name FL WEST PALM BEACH INTL AP National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved April 13 2018 Minas Isabella Best Times to Visit Ft Lauderdale travel usnews com USNews Retrieved August 23 2018 Torres Javier Climate Fort Lauderdale FL usclimatedata com US Climate Data Retrieved August 24 2018 Henthorn Dawn Avg Monthly Temps amp Rainfall in Fort Lauderdale FL tripsavvy com Retrieved August 22 2018 a b NOWData NOAA Online Weather Data National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved May 9 2021 Summary of Monthly Normals 1991 2020 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved May 9 2021 WMO Climate Normals for Miami FL 1961 1990 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved July 18 2020 Monthly Averages for Miami International Airport The Weather Channel Retrieved October 12 2013 Census Bureau About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Archived April 1 2013 at the Wayback Machine retrieved Dec 19 2013 Census Bureau Geographic Terms and Concepts Core Based Statistical Areas and Related Statistical Areas retrieved Dec 19 2013 Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget December 2009 retrieved July 22 2011 https www2 census gov library publications decennial 1990 population of states and counties us 1790 1990 population of states and counties of the united states 1790 1990 pdf https www census gov quickfacts fact table palmbeachcountyflorida browardcountyflorida miamidadecountyflorida POP060210 https www2 census gov library publications decennial 1990 population of states and counties us 1790 1990 population of states and counties of the united states 1790 1990 pdf American Community Survey Archived February 14 2020 at archive today retrieved January 4 2007 American Community Survey Narrative Profile Archived October 28 2011 at the Wayback Machine retrieved August 27 2007 Census profile Miami Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach FL Metro Area Grid View Table B03002 Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race Census Reporter Grid View Table B02001 Race Census Reporter Greater Miami Jewish Federation Releases New Study on Miami Jewish Population Greater Miami Jewish Federation Retrieved June 5 2020 Hanks Douglas October 29 2010 Housing costs higher in South Florida The Miami Herald Retrieved February 22 2011 State Broward Power St Petersburg Times Retrieved November 14 2006 2008 General Election Results Archived October 11 2012 at the Wayback Machine South Florida Sun Sentinel Retrieved November 11 2008 sun sentinel com Election 2008 Florida Presidential election results 2008 Weblogs sun sentinel com November 4 2008 Retrieved November 8 2011 South Florida Sun Sentinel com Election 2008 Florida Presidential election results 2008 Sun sentinel com Archived from the original on December 2 2011 Retrieved November 8 2011 Election 2004 Florida Presidential election results 2004 CNN April 13 1970 Retrieved November 8 2011 Election 2006 Florida Gubernatorial election results 2006 CNN Retrieved November 8 2011 Mapping How America s Metro Areas Voted CityLab December 1 2016 Retrieved April 13 2017 Congressional Districts Florida Map National Atlas of the United States PDF Cartography by USGS United States Geological Survey 2013 Archived from the original PDF on September 4 2014 Retrieved August 17 2014 Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress PDF The Cook Political Report Archived from the original PDF on July 29 2017 Retrieved February 20 2019 Miami Accents Why Locals Embrace That Heavy L Or Not WLRN WLRN TV and WLRN FM August 27 2013 Retrieved September 1 2013 Miami Accent Takes Speakers By Surprise Articles Sun Sentinel com June 13 2004 Retrieved October 8 2012 Miami Accents How Miamah Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang WLRN WLRN TV amp WLRN FM August 26 2013 Retrieved September 1 2013 Haggin Patience August 27 2013 Miami Accents Why Locals Embrace That Heavy L Or Not Watts Gabriella August 26 2013 Miami Accents How Miamah Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang Archived copy Miami Herald Archived from the original on December 3 2013 Retrieved September 10 2013 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Boca Raton News home page URL retrieved August 19 2006 Diario Las Americas Diario Las Americas August 2 2010 Retrieved November 8 2011 1 Archived April 8 2008 at the Wayback Machine Davis Ennis Virgin Trains expands in Florida Will it ever reach Jacksonville Sarasota Herald Tribune Retrieved June 5 2020 Newspapers Joshua Solomon Treasure Coast Virgin Trains OKs 3 new stations in South Florida so when will it build stations here The Palm Beach Post Retrieved June 5 2020 New first name for Ballpark of the Palm Beaches Fitteam Janes Chelsea February 16 2018 Nationals and Astros reach naming rights deal for Ballpark of the Palm Beaches via www washingtonpost com Astros Nats rename FITTEAM Ballpark MLB com See also List of urbanized areas in Florida by population External links Edit South Florida travel guide from Wikivoyage Populations of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Area and rankings Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Miami 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