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South Sudan–United States relations

South Sudan–United States relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of South Sudan and the United States of America.

Contents

South Sudan United States
Population 12,230,730 324,720,000
Area 619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi) 9,826,630 km2 (3,794,080 sq mi)
Population density 13/km2 (34/sq mi) 35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Capital Juba Washington, D.C.
Largest city Juba – 525,953 New York City – 8,594,000
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic Federal presidential constitutional republic
First leader Salva Kiir Mayardit George Washington
Current leader Salva Kiir Mayardit Joe Biden
Official languages English English (de facto, none at federal level)
GDP (nominal) US$3.194 billion ($246 per capita) US $18.552 trillion ($57,230 per capita)

The United States officially recognized South Sudan on 9 July 2011, the same day they declared independence.

The United States Embassy in Juba, South Sudan, was first established on the same day with the former consulate that had been opened in 2005 in Juba being upgraded to the status of an embassy. The chief of mission was Chargé d'Affaires R. Barrie Walkley, pending the appointment of an ambassador to South Sudan. On 19 October 2011, Susan D. Page was confirmed as the first United States ambassador to South Sudan.

In 2012, President Obama found that the United States could provide military assistance and equipment to South Sudan. This was soon followed by a team of five American officers to advise the South Sudanese military. Obama named Donald E. Booth as his special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan on 28 August 2013.

In December 2016, USA drafted a resolution, that failed to pass, which would have implemented an arms embargo and more sanctions, due to signs in South Sudan of possible genocide. UN alliterated this by warning South Sudan of possible genocide. In 2017, the USA's UN ambassador, Nikki Haley, criticized South Sudan for creating a "man made" famine.

Relations Under Donald Trump

While South Sudan has not been its own sovereign country for a long time, President Salva Kiir has established rapport with the United States. Then-U.S. President Barack Obama recognized South Sudan the day it declared independence from Sudan, and U.S. President Donald Trump fostered relations with Kiir even before he won the presidency in 2016. While relations between the two countries have changed from support to subtle threats recently, the United States has been open about both the right to self-determination and insistence that humanitarian aid to South Sudanese affected by the civil war reach its victims.

In August 2016, when Donald Trump was campaigning for the United States presidency, the South Sudanese government led an attack on Western aid workers, which included American humanitarians. Following this attack, the U.S. and other countries in the U.N. Security Council moved to provide “4,000 more U.N. helmets to secure the capital.” While Donald Trump has shifted views on leadership and the status quo in South Sudan many times, the Obama administration was key to the self-determination of the South Sudanese people.

In November 2016, when Donald Trump became President of the United States, many nations did not welcome the change. South Sudan, on the other hand, was pleased. At the time, South Sudan had dealt with almost three years of civil war and viewed Trump's victory as a new and possible way to end the conflict. New U.S. policies on South Sudan were something that Tor Deng Mawien, a South Sudanese presidential advisor on decentralization affairs, was “looking forward” to. In March 2016, before Trump had won the election, South Sudanese leader Salva Kiir called Trump to wish him success, saying that if he was elected the two countries would work closely to gain back the mutual trust lost when Barack Obama was president. While Kiir congratulated Trump on his victory, U.S. ambassador to South Sudan stated that, “there is no expectation that the United States government will change its foreign policy in South Sudan despite the election of Trump. Many South Sudanese supported Trump, believing that his presidency would result in Trump working towards a solution to end the civil war rather than its own interests. However, many South Sudanese viewed Obama’s presidency as “lukewarm” and “doing either no good or bad to the people of South Sudan.” The South Sudanese are “already in despair, so all we can hope for is a positive response from Trump.”

In October 2017, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley was the first senior member of Donald Trump's administration to visit South Sudan. At this point, South Sudan had been in a civil war for around four years, and according to Haley, “The United States was at a crossroads and that every decision going forward was going to be based on [South Sudanese President Salva Kiir’s] actions.” Haley also expressed that Americans were disappointed in Kiir's leadership in South Sudan. In addition to pressure from the U.S., the United Nations alleged ethnic cleansing on behalf of Kiir's government and a “fertile ground” for genocide, which Kiir's government denied. Trump imposed sanctions on three South Sudanese in September 2017 and expressed that the way to regain trust of the government is through providing care for affected citizens. The U.S. demanded that Kiir let “full and consistent humanitarian aid access” into the country, as well as an unspecified timeline of Kiir's actions, to further positive relations between the two countries.

In December 2018, Donald Trump officiated a highly controversial relocation of the U.S. embassy in Israel, moving it from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Following the decision, a foreign newspaper published a report saying that South Sudan “lauded” (strongly supported) the decision. In addition, it was said that a South Sudanese embassy had congratulated both Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the decision, and a high-ranking South Sudanese presidential aide had spoken to the newspaper supporting Trump's decision. However, an official statement said otherwise. According to the South Sudan Presidential Press Unit, the government “will not make any specific statement or take any position on the decision of President Trump.” The government also views the newspaper that published the report as “fabricated and absolutely false.” South Sudan also expressed that their main priority is to find an inclusive solution to their country's conflict, not the affairs of other countries.

In December 2018, Donald Trump proposed a new Africa strategy, being very specific on South Sudan. The country ended a violent five-year-long civil war in October after President Salva Kiir signed a peace deal with his enemy Riek Machar in an attempt to provide lasting peace. The United States had given millions of dollars to South Sudan either in aid or from the sale of oil, a move that Trump reviewed to make sure that “our aid does not prolong the conflict or facilitate predatory behavior,” said his National Security Advisor John Bolton. Bolton called the South Sudanese government “led by the same morally bankrupt leaders, who perpetuate the horrific violence in immense human suffering in South Sudan.” He said that countries that receive money from the U.S. must invest in beneficial programs such as health and education, and promote fiscal transparency and the rule of law. Countries must also not commit “gross human rights abuses” and in general protect the welfare of their citizens. Previously, the South Sudanese government had dismissed or even disregarded sanctions against government officials and money laundering. In response to this and South Sudan's indifferent neighbors, Trump threatened to blacklist financial institutions that ignored sanctions, and sent another official sanction to South Sudan. Fiscally, these dealings are connected to China, a sore spot for Trump. The US proposed a “Prosper Africa” policy where Trump will try to motivate leaders to choose “high-quality, transparent, inclusive, and sustainable foreign investment projects, including those from the United States”. Contrastingly, Trump believes that China gains financially from corrupt regimes in the region, furthering their feud. Historically, South Sudan seems to ignore international criticism and sanctions, much to the dismay of Trump and other leaders worldwide.

Ranking U.S. Embassy staff

Embassies

The U.S. Embassy in South Sudan is located in Juba.

South Sudan maintains a diplomatic mission in Washington, D.C.

  1. "U.S. Relations With South Sudan". United States Department of State. Retrieved2020-05-26.
  2. "Embassy News | Juba, South Sudan - Embassy of the United States". Southsudan.usembassy.gov. Retrieved2016-03-13.
  3. "Briefing on the New Republic of South Sudan". U.S. Department of State. 7 July 2011. Retrieved9 July 2011.
  4. "About Us". Embassy of the United States, Juba, South Sudan. Retrieved9 July 2011.
  5. "Voter Registration Begins for Southern Sudan Referendum | DipNote". Blogs.state.gov. 2010-11-16. Retrieved2016-03-13.
  6. "US Senate confirms envoys to South Sudan, Bahrain". AFP. Oct 19, 2011. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. RetrievedDecember 24, 2011 – via www.google.com/hostednews.
  7. Obama, Barack Hussein. "Presidential Memorandum - Presidential Determination on the Eligibility of South Sudan to Receive Defense Articles and Defense Services." The White House, 6 January 2012.
  8. Ramirez, Luis. "US Military to Help Build South Sudan." Voice of America, January 11, 2012.
  9. "Statement by the President Announcing the Appointment of Ambassador Donald Booth as U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan". White House Office of the Press Secretary. 28 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2020. Retrieved1 September 2013.
  10. Madhani, Aamer (28 August 2013). "Obama names special envoy for South Sudan and Sudan". USA Today. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved1 September 2013.
  11. "U.S. slams South Sudan's Kiir over 'man-made' famine, urges truce". Reuters. 2017-04-25. Retrieved2017-04-25.
  12. Wassara, Samson S. (2015-10-02). "South Sudan: state sovereignty challenged at infancy". Journal of Eastern African Studies. 9 (4): 634–649. doi:10.1080/17531055.2015.1105439. ISSN 1753-1055. S2CID 146165105.
  13. "South Sudan - Countries - Office of the Historian". history.state.gov. Retrieved2020-05-26.
  14. "Western Sahara: UN and US Should Learn from South Sudan". Morocco World News. 11 (2): 219–220. February 2019. doi:10.1002/pmrj.12078. ISSN 1934-1482. S2CID 222169129.
  15. Agency, Anadolu (November 12, 2016). "South Sudan sees Trump win as chance for stability". Electronic Enlightenment document collection. Retrieved2019-03-01.
  16. Adio, Segun (October 26, 2017). "US has lost trust in S' Sudan, Trump's envoy tells president". Electronic Enlightenment document collection. Retrieved2019-03-01.
  17. "South Sudan denies backing Trump move on Jerusalem". BBC Worldwide. December 13, 2017. Retrieved2019-03-01.
  18. Mutambo, Aggrey (December 15, 2018). "Article title????". Daily Nation (Kenya).
  19. "U.S. Ambassador Launches Three-year, $7.5 Million Wildlife and Natural Resources Conservation Project". U.S. Embassy in South Sudan. June 18, 2019.
  20. Wax, Emily (26 December 2011). "South Sudan's Entrance on World Stage Includes Setting Up Washington Embassy". The Washington Post. p. C1.

South Sudan–United States relations
South Sudan United States relations Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South Sudan United States relations South Sudan United States relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of South Sudan and the United States of America 1 South Sudan United States relationsSouth Sudan United StatesDiplomatic missionSouth Sudanese Embassy Washington D C United States Embassy Juba Contents 1 Country comparison 2 History 2 1 Relations Under Donald Trump 2 2 Ranking U S Embassy staff 2 3 Embassies 3 ReferencesCountry comparison Edit South Sudan United StatesPopulation 12 230 730 324 720 000Area 619 745 km2 239 285 sq mi 9 826 630 km2 3 794 080 sq mi Population density 13 km2 34 sq mi 35 km2 91 sq mi Capital Juba Washington D C Largest city Juba 525 953 New York City 8 594 000Government Federal presidential constitutional republic Federal presidential constitutional republicFirst leader Salva Kiir Mayardit George WashingtonCurrent leader Salva Kiir Mayardit Joe BidenOfficial languages English English de facto none at federal level GDP nominal US 3 194 billion 246 per capita US 18 552 trillion 57 230 per capita History EditThe United States officially recognized South Sudan on 9 July 2011 the same day they declared independence 2 The United States Embassy in Juba South Sudan was first established on the same day 3 with the former consulate that had been opened in 2005 in Juba being upgraded to the status of an embassy 4 The chief of mission was Charge d Affaires R Barrie Walkley pending the appointment of an ambassador to South Sudan 5 On 19 October 2011 Susan D Page was confirmed as the first United States ambassador to South Sudan 6 In 2012 President Obama found that the United States could provide military assistance and equipment to South Sudan 7 This was soon followed by a team of five American officers to advise the South Sudanese military 8 Obama named Donald E Booth as his special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan on 28 August 2013 9 10 In December 2016 USA drafted a resolution that failed to pass which would have implemented an arms embargo and more sanctions due to signs in South Sudan of possible genocide UN alliterated this by warning South Sudan of possible genocide 11 In 2017 the USA s UN ambassador Nikki Haley criticized South Sudan for creating a man made famine 11 Relations Under Donald Trump Edit While South Sudan has not been its own sovereign country for a long time 12 President Salva Kiir has established rapport with the United States Then U S President Barack Obama recognized South Sudan the day it declared independence from Sudan 13 and U S President Donald Trump fostered relations with Kiir even before he won the presidency in 2016 While relations between the two countries have changed from support to subtle threats recently the United States has been open about both the right to self determination and insistence that humanitarian aid to South Sudanese affected by the civil war reach its victims In August 2016 when Donald Trump was campaigning for the United States presidency the South Sudanese government led an attack on Western aid workers which included American humanitarians Following this attack the U S and other countries in the U N Security Council moved to provide 4 000 more U N helmets to secure the capital While Donald Trump has shifted views on leadership and the status quo in South Sudan many times the Obama administration was key to the self determination of the South Sudanese people 14 In November 2016 when Donald Trump became President of the United States many nations did not welcome the change South Sudan on the other hand was pleased At the time South Sudan had dealt with almost three years of civil war and viewed Trump s victory as a new and possible way to end the conflict New U S policies on South Sudan were something that Tor Deng Mawien a South Sudanese presidential advisor on decentralization affairs was looking forward to In March 2016 before Trump had won the election South Sudanese leader Salva Kiir called Trump to wish him success saying that if he was elected the two countries would work closely to gain back the mutual trust lost when Barack Obama was president While Kiir congratulated Trump on his victory U S ambassador to South Sudan stated that there is no expectation that the United States government will change its foreign policy in South Sudan despite the election of Trump Many South Sudanese supported Trump believing that his presidency would result in Trump working towards a solution to end the civil war rather than its own interests However many South Sudanese viewed Obama s presidency as lukewarm and doing either no good or bad to the people of South Sudan The South Sudanese are already in despair so all we can hope for is a positive response from Trump 15 In October 2017 U S Ambassador to the U N Nikki Haley was the first senior member of Donald Trump s administration to visit South Sudan At this point South Sudan had been in a civil war for around four years and according to Haley The United States was at a crossroads and that every decision going forward was going to be based on South Sudanese President Salva Kiir s actions Haley also expressed that Americans were disappointed in Kiir s leadership in South Sudan In addition to pressure from the U S the United Nations alleged ethnic cleansing on behalf of Kiir s government and a fertile ground for genocide which Kiir s government denied Trump imposed sanctions on three South Sudanese in September 2017 and expressed that the way to regain trust of the government is through providing care for affected citizens The U S demanded that Kiir let full and consistent humanitarian aid access into the country as well as an unspecified timeline of Kiir s actions to further positive relations between the two countries 16 In December 2018 Donald Trump officiated a highly controversial relocation of the U S embassy in Israel moving it from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem Following the decision a foreign newspaper published a report saying that South Sudan lauded strongly supported the decision In addition it was said that a South Sudanese embassy had congratulated both Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the decision and a high ranking South Sudanese presidential aide had spoken to the newspaper supporting Trump s decision However an official statement said otherwise According to the South Sudan Presidential Press Unit the government will not make any specific statement or take any position on the decision of President Trump The government also views the newspaper that published the report as fabricated and absolutely false South Sudan also expressed that their main priority is to find an inclusive solution to their country s conflict not the affairs of other countries 17 In December 2018 Donald Trump proposed a new Africa strategy being very specific on South Sudan The country ended a violent five year long civil war in October after President Salva Kiir signed a peace deal with his enemy Riek Machar in an attempt to provide lasting peace The United States had given millions of dollars to South Sudan either in aid or from the sale of oil a move that Trump reviewed to make sure that our aid does not prolong the conflict or facilitate predatory behavior said his National Security Advisor John Bolton Bolton called the South Sudanese government led by the same morally bankrupt leaders who perpetuate the horrific violence in immense human suffering in South Sudan He said that countries that receive money from the U S must invest in beneficial programs such as health and education and promote fiscal transparency and the rule of law Countries must also not commit gross human rights abuses and in general protect the welfare of their citizens Previously the South Sudanese government had dismissed or even disregarded sanctions against government officials and money laundering In response to this and South Sudan s indifferent neighbors Trump threatened to blacklist financial institutions that ignored sanctions and sent another official sanction to South Sudan Fiscally these dealings are connected to China a sore spot for Trump The US proposed a Prosper Africa policy where Trump will try to motivate leaders to choose high quality transparent inclusive and sustainable foreign investment projects including those from the United States Contrastingly Trump believes that China gains financially from corrupt regimes in the region furthering their feud Historically South Sudan seems to ignore international criticism and sanctions much to the dismay of Trump and other leaders worldwide 18 Ranking U S Embassy staff Edit Embassy of the United States in Juba Ambassador Thomas Hushek 19 Embassies Edit The U S Embassy in South Sudan is located in Juba South Sudan maintains a diplomatic mission in Washington D C 20 References Edit U S Relations With South Sudan United States Department of State Retrieved 2020 05 26 Embassy News Juba South Sudan Embassy of the United States Southsudan usembassy gov Retrieved 2016 03 13 Briefing on the New Republic of South Sudan U S Department of State 7 July 2011 Retrieved 9 July 2011 About Us Embassy of the United States Juba South Sudan Retrieved 9 July 2011 Voter Registration Begins for Southern Sudan Referendum DipNote Blogs state gov 2010 11 16 Retrieved 2016 03 13 US Senate confirms envoys to South Sudan Bahrain AFP Oct 19 2011 Archived from the original on June 15 2012 Retrieved December 24 2011 via www google com hostednews Obama Barack Hussein Presidential Memorandum Presidential Determination on the Eligibility of South Sudan to Receive Defense Articles and Defense Services The White House 6 January 2012 Ramirez Luis US Military to Help Build South Sudan Voice of America January 11 2012 Statement by the President Announcing the Appointment of Ambassador Donald Booth as U S Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan White House Office of the Press Secretary 28 August 2013 Archived from the original on 12 October 2020 Retrieved 1 September 2013 Madhani Aamer 28 August 2013 Obama names special envoy for South Sudan and Sudan USA Today Archived from the original on 1 September 2013 Retrieved 1 September 2013 a b U S slams South Sudan s Kiir over man made famine urges truce Reuters 2017 04 25 Retrieved 2017 04 25 Wassara Samson S 2015 10 02 South Sudan state sovereignty challenged at infancy Journal of Eastern African Studies 9 4 634 649 doi 10 1080 17531055 2015 1105439 ISSN 1753 1055 S2CID 146165105 South Sudan Countries Office of the Historian history state gov Retrieved 2020 05 26 Western Sahara UN and US Should Learn from South Sudan Morocco World News 11 2 219 220 February 2019 doi 10 1002 pmrj 12078 ISSN 1934 1482 S2CID 222169129 Agency Anadolu November 12 2016 South Sudan sees Trump win as chance for stability Electronic Enlightenment document collection Retrieved 2019 03 01 Adio Segun October 26 2017 US has lost trust in S Sudan Trump s envoy tells president Electronic Enlightenment document collection Retrieved 2019 03 01 South Sudan denies backing Trump move on Jerusalem BBC Worldwide December 13 2017 Retrieved 2019 03 01 Mutambo Aggrey December 15 2018 Article title Daily Nation Kenya U S Ambassador Launches Three year 7 5 Million Wildlife and Natural Resources Conservation Project U S Embassy in South Sudan June 18 2019 Wax Emily 26 December 2011 South Sudan s Entrance on World Stage Includes Setting Up Washington Embassy The Washington Post p C1 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https www state gov countries areas U S Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title South Sudan United States relations amp oldid 1036171758, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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