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Southern Thailand

"Southern Thai" redirects here. For language, see Southern Thai language.

Southern Thailand, Southern Siam or Tambralinga is a southernmost cultural region of Thailand, separated from Central Thailand region by the Kra Isthmus.

Southern Region
ภาคใต้
From upper-left to lower-right: Sunrise Thailand Ko Samui, Tarutao National Park, Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Rajjaprabha Dam and Phuket City.
Southern Region in Thailand
Largest cityHat Yai
Provinces
Area
• Total73,848 km2 (28,513 sq mi)
Population
(2018)
• Total9,454,193
• Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Southern Thai
LanguageSouthern ThaiPattani MalaySatun MalayMosUrak Lawoi'MoklenHokkien etc.

Contents

Khao Sok National Park, Surat Thani

Southern Thailand is on the Malay Peninsula, with an area of around 70,714 km2 (27,303 sq mi), bounded to the north by Kra Isthmus, the narrowest part of the peninsula. The western part has highly steep coasts, while on the east side river plains dominate. The largest river of the south is the Tapi in Surat Thani, which together with the Phum Duang in Surat Thani drains more than 8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi), more than 10 percent of the total area of southern Thailand. Smaller rivers include the Pattani, Saiburi, Krabi, and the Trang. The biggest lake of the south is Songkhla Lake (1,040 km2 (400 sq mi) altogether). The largest artificial lake is the Chiao Lan (Ratchaprapha Dam), occupying 165 km2 (64 sq mi) of Khao Sok National Park in Surat Thani. The total forest area is 17,964 km2 (6,936 sq mi) or 24.3 percent of provincial area.

Ko Lao Liang Phi

Running through the middle of the peninsula are several mountain chains, with the highest elevation at Khao Luang, 1,835 m (6,020 ft), in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Ranging from the Kra Isthmus to Phuket Island is the Phuket chain, which connects to the Tanao Si Mountain Range further north. Almost parallel to the Phuket chain, but 100 km (60 mi) to the east is the Nakhon Si Thammarat or Banthat chain, which begins with Samui Island, Ko Pha Ngan, and Ko Tao in Surat Thani Province and ends at the Malaysian border at the Ko Ta Ru Tao archipelago. The border with Malaysia is formed by the Sankalakhiri range, sometimes sub-divided into the Pattani, Taluban, and Songkhla chain. At the Malaysian border the Titiwangsa chain rises up.

The limestone of the west coast has been eroded into many steep singular hills. The parts submerged by the rising sea after the last ice age now form many islands, like the well-known Phi Phi Islands.[citation needed] Also well known is the so-called James Bond Island in Phang Nga Bay, featured in the movie The Man with the Golden Gun.

The population of the growing region is projected to be 9,156,000 in 2015, up from 8,871,003 in 2010 (census count and adjusted), despite these figures are adjusted for citizens who have left for Bangkok or who have moved to the region from elsewhere, as well as registered permanent residents (residency was problematic in the prior 2000 census), the figure is still misleading.[citation needed] There are still a huge number of migrant or informal workers, temporary workers, and even stateless people, and a large expatriate population which is not included.

Most of Southern Thailand is in Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests ecoregion. The Peninsular Malaysian rain forests and Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests ecoregions extend into southernmost Thailand along the border with Malaysia.

Wat Phra Baromathat, Nakhon Si Thammarat, an old and important temple
Pagoda in Srivijaya-style, Chaiya, Surat Thani
Malay Muslim provinces in Southern Thailand and northern Malaysia.

The Malay peninsula has been settled since prehistoric times. Archeological remains were found in several caves, some used for dwellings, others as burial sites. The oldest remains were found in Lang Rongrien Cave, dating 38,000 to 27,000 years before present, and in the contemporary Moh Khiew cave.

In the first millennium Chinese chronicles mention several coastal cities or city-states. No exact geographical locations were recorded, so the identification of these cities with later settlements is difficult. The most important of these states were Langkasuka, usually considered a precursor of the Pattani Kingdom; Tambralinga, probably the precursor of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom, or P'an-p'an in Phunphin district, Surat Thani, probably located at the Bandon Bay Tapi River. The cities were highly influenced by Indian culture, and have adopted Brahman or Buddhist religion. When Srivijaya in Chaiya extended its sphere of influence, those cities became tributary states of Srivijaya. The city Chaiya in Surat Thani Province contains several ruins from Srivijaya times, and was probably a regional capital of the kingdom. Some Thai historians even claim that it was the capital of the kingdom itself for some time, but this is disputed.

After Srivijaya lost its influence, Nakhon Si Thammarat became the dominant kingdom of the area. During the rule of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of Sukhothai, Thai influence first reached Nakhon Si Thammarat. According to the Ramkhamhaeng inscription, Nakhon Si THammarat was a tributary state of Sukhothai. During most of later periods, Nakhon became a tributary of Ayutthaya.

The deep south belonged to the Malay sultanates of Pattani and Kedah, while the northernmost part of the peninsula was under the control of Bangkok.

During the Thesaphiban reforms at the end of the 19th century, both Nakhon Si Thammarat and Pattani were incorporated into the central state. The area was subdivided into 5 monthon, which were installed to control the city states (mueang). Minor mueang were merged into larger ones, thus forming the present 14 provinces. With the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 the boundary to Malaysia was fixed. Kedah came under British control, while Pattani stayed with Siam.

Althrough Central Thai is sole official language in Thailand and also become effective entire Southern Thailand and everybody can communicated, however this language is third largest native language in Southern Thailand roughly four hundred thousand people, it's only native among Thai of Chinese origins particularly in their major colonies like Hat Yai and Bandon districts.

The main language is Southern Thai (Thai:ภาษาไทยใต้ ), also known as Pak Thai or Dambro (Thai:ภาษาตามโพร ), which is a southwestern Tai language spoken in the 14 changwat of southern Thailand as well as by small Thai communities in the northernmost Malaysian states. It is spoken by roughly five million people. Second largest language by the 1.5 million speakers is Patani Malay, and other ethnic groups such as the local Negritos communities, and other tribal groups subsequencely.[citation needed]

The Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) identities Southern Thailand as 14 provinces.
The Thai Meteorological Department (TMD) includes for Southern Thailand (east coast) also the two provinces: Prachuap Khiri Khan and Phetchaburi.

Name Thai Area Pop. Dens. Annual
income
Poverty
Ratio
Coastal
region
1 Chumphon ชุมพร 6,009.0 510,963 85 351,672 5.4% East
2 Nakhon Si Thammarat นครศรีธรรมราช 9,942.5 1,560,433 157 301,488 8.1% East
3 Narathiwat นราธิวาส 4,475.0 802,474 179 238,680 37.3% East
4 Pattani ปัตตานี 1,940.4 718,077 370 210,156 36.0% East
5 Phatthalung พัทลุง 3,424.5 525,044 153 257,736 14.0% East
6 Songkhla สงขลา 7,393.9 1,432,628 194 331,920 8.2% East
7 Surat Thani สุราษฎร์ธานี 12,891.5 1,063,501 83 437,592 1.4% East
8 Yala ยะลา 4,521.1 532,326 118 187,008 21.2% East
9 Krabi กระบี่ 4,709.0 473,738 101 372,132 6.4% West
10 Phang Nga พังงา 4,170.0 268,240 64 346,104 5.1% West
11 Phuket ภูเก็ต 543.0 410,211 755 378,000 0.5% West
12 Ranong ระนอง 3,298.0 191,868 58 264,420 16.6% West
13 Satun สตูล 2,479.0 321,574 130 278,496 5.8% West
14 Trang ตรัง 4,917.5 643,116 131 279,708 15.9% West
Average household annual income in 2015 (Thai baht).
Poverty Ratio in 2016.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(November 2008) ()

Southern Thailand has 9.454 million inhabitants and its population density is 134 per square kilometre (350/sq mi).

Ten major cities of southern Thailand

No. Name Pop. Metropolitan
1 Hat Yai 159,627 397,379 in Hat Yai District.
2 Surat Thani 130,114 177,242 in Mueang Surat Thani District.
3 Nakhon Si Thammarat 104,948 271,330 in Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat District.
4 Phuket 78,923 238,866 in Mueang Phuket District.
5 Ko Samui 65,847 82,900 in Ko SamuiKo Pha Ngan.
6 Songkhla 64,602 163,083 in Mueang Songkhla District.
7 Yala 61,293 167,582 in Mueang Yala District.
8 Trang 59,999 156,115 in Mueang Trang District.
9 Pattani 44,900 130,178 in Mueang Pattani District.
10 Narathiwat 41,572 124,049 in Mueang Narathiwat District.

The bulk of the southern population relies on agriculture for 27 percent of its gross regional product in 2014. It is followed by industry (12 percent), trade (10 percent), transportation (9 percent), tourism (8 percent), and construction and property (7 percent). For FY 2018, Southern Thailand Region had a combined economic output of 1,402 trillion baht (US$45.2 billion), or 8.6 percent of Thailand's GDP. Surat Thani province had an economic output of 206.869 billion baht (US$6.67 billion). This equates to a GPP per capita of 182,371 baht (US$5,883), more than double for Yala province, which is fifth and more than three times for Narathiwat province, lowest in the ranking.

Gross Provincial Product (GPP)
Rank Province GPP
(million baht)
Population
(x 1000)
GPP per capita (baht)
1 Surat Thani 206,869 1,134 182,371
2 Chumphon 87,746 498 176,200
3 Songkhla 248,386 1,635 151,918
4 Nakhon Si Thammarat 164,375 1,507 109,050
5 Yala 43,006 468 91,815
6 Pattani 48,549 641 75,697
7 Phatthalung 36,006 492 73,213
8 Narathiwat 44,778 721 62,066
East coast 879,715 7,096 123,973

Kamphaeng Phet province had an economic output of 117.705 billion baht (US$3.8 billion). This amounts to a GPP per capita of 150,783 baht (US$4,864), half more than for Tak province, which is fifth in the ranking.

Gross Provincial Product (GPP)
Rank Province GPP
(million baht)
Population
(x 1000)
GPP per capita (baht)
1 Phuket 234,028 580 403,534
2 Phang-nga 78,493 250 313,919
3 Krabi 86,684 418 207,415
4 Satun 31,215 290 107,505
5 Ranong 28,014 269 103,966
6 Trang 64,586 630 102,589
West coast 523,020 2,437 214,616

Southern Thailand is connected with Bangkok by railway as well as highway. Several regional airports are located at the larger towns. The transportation hub of all south Thailand is Hat Yai.

Road

Phetkasem Road is the longest road in Thailand, running from Bangkok along the Kra Isthmus and then along the west coast of the peninsula. From Trang it crosses over to the east coast to Hat Yai, and ends at the Malaysian border.

Two Asian highways run through Southern Thailand: Asian Highway 2 runs mostly parallel to the railroad all the way from Bangkok. It crosses to Malaysia at Sadao, and continues on the west side of the peninsula. Asian Highway 18 begins in Hat Yai and runs south along the east coast, crossing to Malaysia at Sungai Kolok.

Ko Samui Airport
Ko Samui Airport runway
Hat Yai Airport

Rail

The southern railway connects Bangkok to Hat Yai, and continues from there to Sungai Kolok. There are branches from Ban Thung Phoe Junction to Kirirat Nikhom. Two smaller branches of the railway run from Thung Song to Trang and Nakhon Si Thammarat, and from Hat Yai Junction to Malaysia and Singapore.

Air

Southern Thailand has five international airports and six domestic airports. As of 2018[update] Thailand's transport ministry is constructing the 1.9 billion baht Betong Airport. It is scheduled for completion in 2020.

  1. "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved20 June 2019.
  3. "Thailand: Major Cities, Towns & Communes - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information".
  4. Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al. (2002). Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a Conservation Assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  5. "Revisions to the Gross Regional and Provincial Product 2016 Edition". nesdb.go.th. The Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). July 2018. Retrieved26 December 2019. page 35 The South
  6. "Weather - Southern-east coast". tmd.go.th. Thai Meteorological Department. 2019. Retrieved26 December 2019.
  7. ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017](PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 149–165. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved14 September 2019, sub 5.64-5.77 section: Average household income per monthCS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017](PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 149–165. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved14 September 2019, sub 5.64-5.77 section: Poverty RatioCS1 maint: postscript (link)
  9. Wangkiat, Paritta (25 August 2017). "Songkhla power plant sit-in an energy wake-up call". Bangkok Post. Retrieved25 August 2017.
  10. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562-2019: Economic Statistics - National Accounts. Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office (Report). National Statistical Office (NSO). 2020. pp. 96–97. ISSN 1905-8314.
  11. Sritama, Suchat (27 August 2018). "Better days around the bend". Bangkok Post. Retrieved27 August 2018.
  • Suthiwong Pongpaiboon. Southern Thai Cultural Structures and Dynamics Vis-à-vis Development. ISBN 974-9553-75-6.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSouthern Thailand.

Coordinates:8°03′33″N99°58′32″E /8.0592°N 99.9756°E /8.0592; 99.9756

Southern Thailand
Southern Thailand Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South Thailand Southern Thai redirects here For language see Southern Thai language Southern Thailand Southern Siam or Tambralinga is a southernmost cultural region of Thailand separated from Central Thailand region by the Kra Isthmus Southern Region phakhitRegionFrom upper left to lower right Sunrise Thailand Ko Samui Tarutao National Park Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan Rajjaprabha Dam and Phuket City Southern Region in ThailandLargest cityHat YaiProvinces14 Provinces Chumphon ProvinceKrabi ProvinceNakhon Si Thammarat ProvinceNarathiwat ProvincePattani ProvincePhang Nga ProvincePhatthalung ProvincePhuket ProvinceRanong ProvinceSatun ProvinceSongkhla ProvinceSurat Thani ProvinceTrang ProvinceYala ProvinceArea 1 Total73 848 km2 28 513 sq mi Population 2018 2 Total9 454 193 Density134 km2 350 sq mi Demonym s Southern ThaiLanguageSouthern Thai Pattani Malay Satun Malay Mos Urak Lawoi Moklen Hokkien etc Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Languages 4 Administrative divisions 5 Demography 5 1 Ten major cities of southern Thailand 6 Economy 7 Transportation 7 1 Road 7 2 Rail 7 3 Air 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksGeography Edit Khao Sok National Park Surat Thani Southern Thailand is on the Malay Peninsula with an area of around 70 714 km2 27 303 sq mi bounded to the north by Kra Isthmus the narrowest part of the peninsula The western part has highly steep coasts while on the east side river plains dominate The largest river of the south is the Tapi in Surat Thani which together with the Phum Duang in Surat Thani drains more than 8 000 km2 3 100 sq mi more than 10 percent of the total area of southern Thailand Smaller rivers include the Pattani Saiburi Krabi and the Trang The biggest lake of the south is Songkhla Lake 1 040 km2 400 sq mi altogether The largest artificial lake is the Chiao Lan Ratchaprapha Dam occupying 165 km2 64 sq mi of Khao Sok National Park in Surat Thani The total forest area is 17 964 km2 6 936 sq mi or 24 3 percent of provincial area 1 Ko Lao Liang Phi Running through the middle of the peninsula are several mountain chains with the highest elevation at Khao Luang 1 835 m 6 020 ft in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province Ranging from the Kra Isthmus to Phuket Island is the Phuket chain which connects to the Tanao Si Mountain Range further north Almost parallel to the Phuket chain but 100 km 60 mi to the east is the Nakhon Si Thammarat or Banthat chain which begins with Samui Island Ko Pha Ngan and Ko Tao in Surat Thani Province and ends at the Malaysian border at the Ko Ta Ru Tao archipelago The border with Malaysia is formed by the Sankalakhiri range sometimes sub divided into the Pattani Taluban and Songkhla chain At the Malaysian border the Titiwangsa chain rises up The limestone of the west coast has been eroded into many steep singular hills The parts submerged by the rising sea after the last ice age now form many islands like the well known Phi Phi Islands citation needed Also well known is the so called James Bond Island in Phang Nga Bay featured in the movie The Man with the Golden Gun The population of the growing region is projected to be 9 156 000 in 2015 up from 8 871 003 in 2010 census count and adjusted despite these figures are adjusted for citizens who have left for Bangkok or who have moved to the region from elsewhere as well as registered permanent residents residency was problematic in the prior 2000 census the figure is still misleading citation needed There are still a huge number of migrant or informal workers temporary workers and even stateless people and a large expatriate population which is not included 3 Most of Southern Thailand is in Tenasserim South Thailand semi evergreen rain forests ecoregion The Peninsular Malaysian rain forests and Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests ecoregions extend into southernmost Thailand along the border with Malaysia 4 History Edit Wat Phra Baromathat Nakhon Si Thammarat an old and important temple Pagoda in Srivijaya style Chaiya Surat Thani Malay Muslim provinces in Southern Thailand and northern Malaysia The Malay peninsula has been settled since prehistoric times Archeological remains were found in several caves some used for dwellings others as burial sites The oldest remains were found in Lang Rongrien Cave dating 38 000 to 27 000 years before present and in the contemporary Moh Khiew cave In the first millennium Chinese chronicles mention several coastal cities or city states No exact geographical locations were recorded so the identification of these cities with later settlements is difficult The most important of these states were Langkasuka usually considered a precursor of the Pattani Kingdom Tambralinga probably the precursor of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom or P an p an in Phunphin district Surat Thani probably located at the Bandon Bay Tapi River The cities were highly influenced by Indian culture and have adopted Brahman or Buddhist religion When Srivijaya in Chaiya extended its sphere of influence those cities became tributary states of Srivijaya The city Chaiya in Surat Thani Province contains several ruins from Srivijaya times and was probably a regional capital of the kingdom Some Thai historians even claim that it was the capital of the kingdom itself for some time but this is disputed After Srivijaya lost its influence Nakhon Si Thammarat became the dominant kingdom of the area During the rule of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of Sukhothai Thai influence first reached Nakhon Si Thammarat According to the Ramkhamhaeng inscription Nakhon Si THammarat was a tributary state of Sukhothai During most of later periods Nakhon became a tributary of Ayutthaya The deep south belonged to the Malay sultanates of Pattani and Kedah while the northernmost part of the peninsula was under the control of Bangkok During the Thesaphiban reforms at the end of the 19th century both Nakhon Si Thammarat and Pattani were incorporated into the central state The area was subdivided into 5 monthon which were installed to control the city states mueang Minor mueang were merged into larger ones thus forming the present 14 provinces With the Anglo Siamese Treaty of 1909 the boundary to Malaysia was fixed Kedah came under British control while Pattani stayed with Siam Languages EditMain articles Southern Thai language Kelantan Pattani Malay and Thai language Althrough Central Thai is sole official language in Thailand and also become effective entire Southern Thailand and everybody can communicated however this language is third largest native language in Southern Thailand roughly four hundred thousand people it s only native among Thai of Chinese origins particularly in their major colonies like Hat Yai and Bandon districts The main language is Southern Thai Thai phasaithyit pʰaːsǎː tʰajtaːj also known as Pak Thai or Dambro Thai phasatamophr pʰaːsǎː taːmpʰroː which is a southwestern Tai language spoken in the 14 changwat of southern Thailand as well as by small Thai communities in the northernmost Malaysian states It is spoken by roughly five million people Second largest language by the 1 5 million speakers is Patani Malay and other ethnic groups such as the local Negritos communities and other tribal groups subsequencely citation needed Administrative divisions Edit The Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council NESDC identities Southern Thailand as 14 provinces 5 The Thai Meteorological Department TMD includes for Southern Thailand east coast also the two provinces Prachuap Khiri Khan and Phetchaburi 6 Name Thai Area Pop 2 Dens Annual income Poverty Ratio Coastal region1 Chumphon chumphr 6 009 0 510 963 85 351 672 5 4 East2 Nakhon Si Thammarat nkhrsrithrrmrach 9 942 5 1 560 433 157 301 488 8 1 East3 Narathiwat nrathiwas 4 475 0 802 474 179 238 680 37 3 East4 Pattani pttani 1 940 4 718 077 370 210 156 36 0 East5 Phatthalung phthlung 3 424 5 525 044 153 257 736 14 0 East6 Songkhla sngkhla 7 393 9 1 432 628 194 331 920 8 2 East7 Surat Thani surasdrthani 12 891 5 1 063 501 83 437 592 1 4 East8 Yala yala 4 521 1 532 326 118 187 008 21 2 East9 Krabi krabi 4 709 0 473 738 101 372 132 6 4 West10 Phang Nga phngnga 4 170 0 268 240 64 346 104 5 1 West11 Phuket phuekt 543 0 410 211 755 378 000 0 5 West12 Ranong ranxng 3 298 0 191 868 58 264 420 16 6 West13 Satun stul 2 479 0 321 574 130 278 496 5 8 West14 Trang trng 4 917 5 643 116 131 279 708 15 9 WestAverage household annual income in 2015 Thai baht 7 Poverty Ratio in 2016 8 Demography EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2008 Learn how and when to remove this template message Southern Thailand has 9 454 million inhabitants and its population density is 134 per square kilometre 350 sq mi 2 Ten major cities of southern Thailand Edit No Name Pop Metropolitan1 Hat Yai 159 627 397 379 in Hat Yai District 2 Surat Thani 130 114 177 242 in Mueang Surat Thani District 3 Nakhon Si Thammarat 104 948 271 330 in Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat District 4 Phuket 78 923 238 866 in Mueang Phuket District 5 Ko Samui 65 847 82 900 in Ko Samui Ko Pha Ngan 6 Songkhla 64 602 163 083 in Mueang Songkhla District 7 Yala 61 293 167 582 in Mueang Yala District 8 Trang 59 999 156 115 in Mueang Trang District 9 Pattani 44 900 130 178 in Mueang Pattani District 10 Narathiwat 41 572 124 049 in Mueang Narathiwat District Economy EditThe bulk of the southern population relies on agriculture for 27 percent of its gross regional product in 2014 It is followed by industry 12 percent trade 10 percent transportation 9 percent tourism 8 percent and construction and property 7 percent 9 For FY 2018 Southern Thailand Region had a combined economic output of 1 402 trillion baht US 45 2 billion or 8 6 percent of Thailand s GDP Surat Thani province had an economic output of 206 869 billion baht US 6 67 billion This equates to a GPP per capita of 182 371 baht US 5 883 more than double for Yala province which is fifth and more than three times for Narathiwat province lowest in the ranking 10 Gross Provincial Product GPP Rank Province GPP million baht Population x 1000 GPP per capita baht 1 Surat Thani 206 869 1 134 182 3712 Chumphon 87 746 498 176 2003 Songkhla 248 386 1 635 151 9184 Nakhon Si Thammarat 164 375 1 507 109 0505 Yala 43 006 468 91 8156 Pattani 48 549 641 75 6977 Phatthalung 36 006 492 73 2138 Narathiwat 44 778 721 62 066 East coast 879 715 7 096 123 973 Kamphaeng Phet province had an economic output of 117 705 billion baht US 3 8 billion This amounts to a GPP per capita of 150 783 baht US 4 864 half more than for Tak province which is fifth in the ranking Gross Provincial Product GPP Rank Province GPP million baht Population x 1000 GPP per capita baht 1 Phuket 234 028 580 403 5342 Phang nga 78 493 250 313 9193 Krabi 86 684 418 207 4154 Satun 31 215 290 107 5055 Ranong 28 014 269 103 9666 Trang 64 586 630 102 589 West coast 523 020 2 437 214 616Transportation EditSouthern Thailand is connected with Bangkok by railway as well as highway Several regional airports are located at the larger towns The transportation hub of all south Thailand is Hat Yai Road Edit Phetkasem Road is the longest road in Thailand running from Bangkok along the Kra Isthmus and then along the west coast of the peninsula From Trang it crosses over to the east coast to Hat Yai and ends at the Malaysian border Two Asian highways run through Southern Thailand Asian Highway 2 runs mostly parallel to the railroad all the way from Bangkok It crosses to Malaysia at Sadao and continues on the west side of the peninsula Asian Highway 18 begins in Hat Yai and runs south along the east coast crossing to Malaysia at Sungai Kolok Ko Samui Airport Ko Samui Airport runway Hat Yai Airport Rail Edit The southern railway connects Bangkok to Hat Yai and continues from there to Sungai Kolok There are branches from Ban Thung Phoe Junction to Kirirat Nikhom Two smaller branches of the railway run from Thung Song to Trang and Nakhon Si Thammarat and from Hat Yai Junction to Malaysia and Singapore Air Edit Southern Thailand has five international airports and six domestic airports As of 2018 update Thailand s transport ministry is constructing the 1 9 billion baht Betong Airport It is scheduled for completion in 2020 11 Chumphon Airport Hat Yai International Airport Krabi International Airport Nakhon Si Thammarat Airport Narathiwat Airport Pattani Airport Phuket International Airport Ranong Airport Ko Samui International Airport Surat Thani International Airport Trang AirportSee also EditSouth Thailand insurgency Yawi language OK Betong Thai film set in Southern Thailand References Edit a b tarangthi 2 phinthipaim aeykraycnghwd ph s 2562 Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019 Royal Forest Department in Thai 2019 Retrieved 6 April 2021 information Forest statistics Year 2019 CS1 maint postscript link a b c rayngansthiticanwnprachakraelabanpracapi ph s 2561 Statistics population and house statistics for the year 2018 Registration Office Department of the Interior Ministry of the Interior in Thai 31 December 2018 Retrieved 20 June 2019 Thailand Major Cities Towns amp Communes Population Statistics Maps Charts Weather and Web Information Wikramanayake Eric Eric Dinerstein Colby J Loucks et al 2002 Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo Pacific a Conservation Assessment Washington DC Island Press Revisions to the Gross Regional and Provincial Product 2016 Edition nesdb go th The Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB July 2018 Retrieved 26 December 2019 page 35 The South Weather Southern east coast tmd go th Thai Meteorological Department 2019 Retrieved 26 December 2019 dchnikhwamkawhnakhxngkhn pi2560 Human Achievement Index HAI year 2017 PDF social nesdb go th Report in Thai National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB 2017 pp 149 165 ISBN 978 974 9769 33 1 Retrieved 14 September 2019 sub 5 64 5 77 section Average household income per month CS1 maint postscript link dchnikhwamkawhnakhxngkhn pi2560 Human Achievement Index HAI year 2017 PDF social nesdb go th Report in Thai National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB 2017 pp 149 165 ISBN 978 974 9769 33 1 Retrieved 14 September 2019 sub 5 64 5 77 section Poverty Ratio CS1 maint postscript link Wangkiat Paritta 25 August 2017 Songkhla power plant sit in an energy wake up call Bangkok Post Retrieved 25 August 2017 Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Report 2562 2019 Economic Statistics National Accounts Phitsanulok Provincial Statistical Office Report National Statistical Office NSO 2020 pp 96 97 ISSN 1905 8314 Sritama Suchat 27 August 2018 Better days around the bend Bangkok Post Retrieved 27 August 2018 Further reading EditSuthiwong Pongpaiboon Southern Thai Cultural Structures and Dynamics Vis a vis Development ISBN 974 9553 75 6 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Southern Thailand Southern Thailand travel guide from Wikivoyage Coordinates 8 03 33 N 99 58 32 E 8 0592 N 99 9756 E 8 0592 99 9756 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Southern Thailand amp oldid 1049103701, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

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, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.