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South Tyrolean People's Party

The South Tyrolean People's Party (German: Südtiroler Volkspartei, SVP) is a regionalist and autonomist political party in South Tyrol, an autonomous province with a German-speaking majority in northern Italy.

Founded on 8 May 1945, the SVP has roots in the Deutscher Verband, a confederation of German-speaking parties formed in 1919 after the annexation of South Tyrol by Italy, which shared many of the same leading figures as the SVP. An ethnic catch-all party, the SVP is aimed at representing South Tyrol's German-speaking population as well as Ladin speakers, is mainly Christian-democratic but nevertheless quite diverse, including conservatives, liberals and social democrats. The party gives special attention also to the interests of farmers, which make up a good deal of its electorate.

From 1948 to 2013 the party retained an absolute majority in the Provincial Council. Its best result was 67.8% in 1948, its worst 41.9% in 2018. The SVP had a long-lasting alliance with Christian Democracy (and the Italian Socialist Party) and, since 1994, with some of its successor parties, including the Italian People's Party and the Democratic Union of Alto Adige. In 1998 the SVP formed a coalition with the Democrats of the Left, replaced by the Democratic Party in 2009. That coalition lasted ten years, until the party chose to team up with the local section of Lega Nord / Lega per Salvini Premier in 2019.

At the European level, the SVP is a member of the European People's Party (EPP).

Contents

In 1989 Silvius Magnago, long-time SVP leader and Governor of South Tyrol since 1960, handed his office to Luis Durnwalder, who would keep the post until 2013. Under Durnwalder's long reign, the SVP continued to be the largest party in the Province, garnering more than 50% of the vote in most elections, despite growing competition, chiefly from right-wing parties. Durnwalder managed to keep the party, often riven in internal disputes between opposing factions, united.

The SVP joined the European People's Party as an observer member in 1993.

In the 1996 general election the SVP was affiliated to The Olive Tree (on the Populars for Prodi list, which included primarily the Italian People's Party), and also the 2001 general election (on its own list).

2003–2006 elections

In the 2003 provincial election the SVP won 55.6% of the vote and 21 provincial councillors out of 35. Durnwalder, Governor since 1989, was returned for the fourth time in office, at the head of a coalition composed by the Democrats of the Left (DS) and the Democratic Union of Alto Adige.

In the 2004 European Parliament election the SVP formed an electoral alliance with The Olive Tree joint list, including the DS. The party's share of votes fell below 50% for the first time, to 46.7% (–9.3pp from 1999, mainly because of the big win of the Greens (13.2%, +6.5%). However Michl Ebner was elected MEP with more than 90,000 preferences and a Green, Sepp Kusstatscher (a former member of the internal left of the SVP), was elected too.

Also in 2004 the centrist Siegfried Brugger, party chairman since 1992, stepped down and was replaced by Elmar Pichler Rolle, another centrist.

In the 2006 general election the party was part of the victorious The Union centre-left coalition, and garnered four deputies, including one for its sister-party in Trentino, the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT) – long-serving Siegfried Brugger, Karl Zeller, Johann Georg Widmann and PATT's Giacomo Bezzi –, and three senators – Helga Thaler Ausserhofer (representing the party's conservative wing), Oskar Peterlini (from the party's social-democratic faction) and Manfred Pinzger.

2008–2009 elections

In the 2008 general election the party obtained 44.3% (–9.1pp from 2006 and –16.2pp from 2001), returning only two deputies, Siegfried Brugger and Karl Zeller. In the Senate election, thanks to the plurality voting system, the SVP got its three senators – Helga Thaler Ausserhofer, Oskar Peterlini and Manfred Pinzger – re-elected. The low number of elects in the Chamber was due both to the strong showing of Die Freiheitlichen (9.4%) on the right and the decision not to enter in alliance for the Chamber of Deputies either with the centre-left led by the Democratic Party (PD, 18.0%) – successor of the DS – or the centre-right led by The People of Freedom (PdL,16.0%).

In the 2008 provincial election the SVP won 48.1% of the vote in the Province (–7.5%), while its right-wing rivals (The Freedomites, South Tyrolean Freedom and Union for South Tyrol) gained a combined 21.5% of the vote. During the electoral campaign the party did not endorse its traditional counterparts in Trentino (the Daisy Civic List/Union for Trentino, UpT, and the PATT), in order not to hurt the relations with Lega Nord (LN), whose Trentino section, Lega Nord Trentino, provided the opposition candidate, Sergio Divina. Despite rumors on an alliance with Lega Nord Alto Adige – Südtirol, after the election the SVP continued its alliance with the PD.

In April 2009 Richard Theiner, a member of the Arbeitnehmer ("employees") left-leaning wing, was elected party chairman, due to an agreement between the opposing factions. Since then he was assisted by three deputy chairpersons: Thomas Widmann (Wirtschaft or "business" faction), Martha Stocker and Paola Bioc Gasser (representative of the Ladin section). The latter was replaced by Daniel Alfreider in 2012.

In the 2009 European Parliament election, due to the absence of its rival parties on the right, the SVP won 52.1% of the vote, electing Herbert Dorfmann.

2013–2014 elections

The SVP contested the 2013 general election as part of the centre-left coalition, Italy. Common Good. Some long-serving MPs, notably Siegfried Brugger and Helga Thaler Ausserhofer, chose not to run for re-election and the party selected its candidates through a primary election.

In the general election the SVP won 44.2% of the provincial vote (–0.1pp from 2008) and, being part of the coalition winning the national majority premium, obtained five deputies: Albrecht Plangger, Renate Gebhard, Daniel Alfreider, PATT's Mauro Ottobre and Manfred Schullian. For the Senate, the SVP ran alone in the constituencies of Merano and Brixen, winning both: in Merano outgoing deputy Karl Zeller took 53.5%, while in Brixen Hans Berger 55.4%. The SVP, in alliance with the PD, the UpT and the PATT, contributed also to the election of centre-left or autonomist candidates in the constituency of Bolzano and in those of Trentino.

On 21 April, in a party primary, the SVP selected Arno Kompatscher as its head of the list for the 2013 provincial election, in place of Durnwalder. Kompatscher, 42-year-old mayor of Völs am Schlern, won 82.4% of the vote, while former SVP leader Elmar Pichler Rolle a mere 17.6%.

In the October election the SVP won 45.7% of the vote in the Province (–2.4pp) and lost its 65-year-long absolute majority. Both the German right-wing parties (whose combined share of the vote was 27.2%, +5.7%) and the Greens (8.7%, +2.9%) gained votes. Kompatscher obtained more than 80,000 preference votes and was set to be appointed Governor by the Provincial Council. Its coalition government included, as usual, the PD.

In May 2014 Theiner was replaced by Philipp Achammer as party's chairman. Daniel Alfreider, Zeno Christanell and Angelika Wiedmer were appointed vice chairpersons. Kompatscher and 28-year-old Achammer formed an entirely new leadership team and represented the party's renewal.

In the 2014 European Parliament election the SVP won 48.0% of the vote in the Province and Dorfmann was re-elected to the European Parliament.

2018–2019 elections

The SVP, which again chose its candidates through a primary election, contested the 2018 general election in a joint list with the PATT, within the centre-left coalition. The German right-wing parties did not contest the election, leading the SVP to obtain 48.8% of the vote in the Province (+4.6pp). However, due to the new electoral system, it secured four deputies, including one for the PATT, and three senators. For the Chamber, Albrecht Plangger was elected in Meran (61.2%), Renate Gebhard in Brixen (65.0%), and Manfred Schullian and PATT's Emanuela Rossini from the PR list. For the Senate, Julia Unterberger was elected in Merano (61.1%), Meinhard Durnwalder in Brixen (66.5%), and Dieter Steger from the PR list. The SVP's support granted the election of PD's candidates for the Chamber and the Senate in Bolzano, but for the first time the centre-left lost badly in Trentino, where the LN – re-styled as "Lega" – became the largest party.

In the 2018 provincial election incumbent Governor Kompatscher was the party's leading candidate. In the election on 21 October 2018, the party gained 41.9%, (–3.8pp). The PD, SVP's traditional ally, did so poorly that the SVP needed to find a new coalition partner: after long negotiations, the party chose to team up with the local section of Lega Nord in 2019. Additionally, for the 2019 European Parliament election, the party formed an electoral pact with the other two main members of the European People's Party (EPP) from Italy, Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia (FI) and the Union of the Centre (UdC).

In the 2019 European Parliament election the SVP won 46.5% of the vote in the Province and Dorfmann was re-elected to the European Parliament.

The SVP is an example of a catch-all party. Its ideology ranges from Christian democracy to social democracy, due to the virtual absence of a true social-democratic rival party in the region. In German-speaking valleys the SVP has almost no opposition, apart from Die Freiheitlichen, South Tyrolean Freedom and Citizens' Union for South Tyrol on the right and the Greens on the left.

In the years the SVP suffered many splits reflecting the diverse composition of the party (Tyrolean Homeland Party, Social Progressive Party of South Tyrol and Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol) and many SVP leading members left the party in order to join other parties, notably including Alfons Benedikter, a right-winger who launched the Union for South Tyrol in 1989, Christian Waldner, a conservative liberal who launched The Freedomites in 1992, Sepp Kusstatscher, a leftist who joined the Greens in 1999, and finally Roland Atz, a right-winger who switched to Lega Nord Alto Adige – Südtirol in 2008. The Party of Independents/Freedom Party of South Tyrol, the South Tyrolean Homeland Federation, the Union for South Tyrol and The Freedomites can thus be all considered splits of the SVP.

Within the party it is possible to identify three main internal factions:

Siegfried Brugger and Elmar Pichler Rolle, who led the party in 1992–2004 and 2004–2009 respectively, are centrist figures who worked for preserving party unity. In order to prevent the break-up of the party along right-left lines, in 2008 Perkmann, leader of the Arbeitnhemer, proposed a "federal reform" of the party in order to preserve its catch-all nature and simultaneously give more autonomy to its internal factions, which have now an official status in party organization. The result was a mild reform of the party and the election to the party leadership in 2009 of a ticket composed by a leading member of the Arbeitnehmer, Richard Theiner, and a leading member of the Wirtschaft faction, Thomas Widmann, plus Martha Stocker, a close ally of Durnwalder.

The factional divisions between party members were reflected also on the vote of confidence on the Berlusconi IV Cabinet: Pinzger and Thaler Ausserhofer abstained, while Brugger, Zeller and Peterlini voted against. This kind of divisions continued during the legislature, with senators, excluding Peterlini, supporting some of the government's policies and deputies often opposing the same measures.

The Young Generation (Junge Generation, JG) is the youth movement of the party, including all members at the age of 14 to 30.

The SVP is a member of the European People's Party (EPP), and its MEP sits in the EPP Group in the European Parliament.

The electoral results of the SVP in South Tyrol since 1948 are shown in the chart below

The electoral results of the SVP in South Tyrol since 1953 are shown in the table below.

Chamber of Deputies

1953 1958 1963 1968 1972 1976 1979 1983 1987 1992 1994 1996 2001 2006 2008 2013 2018
59.9 60.8 56.6 58.5 59.0 59.6 62.9 59.6 58.3 57.2 59.9 52.7 60.5 53.4 44.3 44.2 48.8
  1. This result refers to single-seat constituencies, as the SVP did not present its own party list for proportional representation, but was part of the list of the Italian People's Party (PPI), along with some other minor parties, at the national level. This list won only 27.9% in the Province of Bolzano.

European Parliament

1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 2019
62.1 63.1 53.0 56.9 56.0 46.7 52.1 48.0 46.5

Landtag of South Tyrol

Landtag of South Tyrol
Election year Votes % Seats +/−
1948 107,249 67.60
13 / 20
1952 112,602 64.81
15 / 22
2
1956 124,165 64.40
15 / 22
1960 132,351 63.92
15 / 22
1964 134,188 61.30
16 / 25
1
1968 137,982 60.74
16 / 25
1973 132,186 56.40
20 / 34
4
1978 163,502 61.35
21 / 34
1
1983 170,125 59.42
22 / 35
1
1988 184,717 60.40
22 / 35
1993 160,186 52.03
19 / 35
3
1998 171,820 56.62
21 / 35
2
2003 167,353 55.60
21 / 35
2008 146,545 48.12
18 / 35
3
2013 131,236 45.70
17 / 35
1
2018 119,108 41.89
15 / 35
2

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/−
1948 124,243 0.47
3 / 574
1953 122,474 0.45
3 / 590
1958 135,491 0.46
3 / 596
1963 135,457 0.44
3 / 630
1968 152,991 0.48
3 / 630
1972 153,674 0.46
3 / 630
1976 184,375 0.50
3 / 630
1979 204,899 0.56
3 / 630
1983 184,940 0.50
3 / 630
1987 202,022 0.52
3 / 630
1992 198,447 0.51
3 / 630
1994 231,842 0.60
3 / 630
1996 156,708 0.42
3 / 630
2001 200,059 0.54
3 / 630
2006 182,704 0.48
3 / 630
2008 147,718 0.41
2 / 630
1
2013 146,804 0.43
4 / 630
2
2018 134,651 0.41
4 / 630
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/−
1948 94,406 0.42
2 / 237
1953 107,139 0.44
2 / 237
1958 120,068 0.46
2 / 246
1963 112,023 0.41
2 / 315
1968 131,071 0.46
2 / 315
1972 113,452 0.38
2 / 315
1976 158,584 0.50
2 / 315
1979 172,582 0.55
2 / 315
1983 157,444 0.51
2 / 315
1987 171,539 0.53
2 / 315
1992 168,113 0.50
3 / 315
1
1994 217,137 0.66
3 / 315
1996 178,425 0.55
2 / 315
1
2001 126,177 0.37
3 / 315
1
2006 117,495 0.46
3 / 315
2008 98,948 0.40
3 / 315
2013 97,141 0.41
2 / 315
1
2018 128,282 0.42
3 / 315
1

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/−
1979 196,373 0.56
1 / 81
1984 198,220 0.56
1 / 81
1989 172,383 0.50
1 / 81
1994 202,668 0.62
1 / 87
1999 156,005 0.50
1 / 78
2004 146,357 0.45
1 / 78
2009 143,509 0.47
1 / 72
2014 138,037 0.50
1 / 73
2019 142,185 0.53
1 / 76
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South Tyrolean People's Party
South Tyrolean People s Party Language Watch Edit The South Tyrolean People s Party German Sudtiroler Volkspartei SVP is a regionalist 4 and autonomist 5 political party in South Tyrol an autonomous province with a German speaking majority in northern Italy South Tyrolean People s Party Sudtiroler VolksparteiChairmanPhilipp AchammerSecretaryStefan PremstallerFounded8 May 1945 1 Preceded byDeutscher Verband not legal predecessor HeadquartersBrennerstrasse 7 A 39100 BozenNewspaperZISYouth wingYoung GenerationMembership 2015 40 000 2 IdeologyGerman and Ladin speaking minority interests 3 Regionalism 4 Autonomism 5 Christian democracy 3 6 Pro Europeanism 7 8 Social democracy minority 9 Conservatism minority 10 Political positionCentre 11 European affiliationEuropean People s PartyEuropean Parliament groupEuropean People s PartyColors Black RedChamber of Deputies3 630Senate3 315European Parliament1 76Landtag of South Tyrol15 35Conference of Regions and Autonomous Provinces1 21WebsiteOfficial websitePolitics of Trentino Alto Adige SudtirolPolitical partiesElections Founded on 8 May 1945 the SVP has roots in the Deutscher Verband a confederation of German speaking parties formed in 1919 after the annexation of South Tyrol by Italy which shared many of the same leading figures as the SVP 5 An ethnic catch all party 12 13 14 the SVP is aimed at representing South Tyrol s German speaking population as well as Ladin speakers is mainly Christian democratic but nevertheless quite diverse including conservatives liberals and social democrats The party gives special attention also to the interests of farmers which make up a good deal of its electorate From 1948 to 2013 the party retained an absolute majority in the Provincial Council Its best result was 67 8 in 1948 its worst 41 9 in 2018 The SVP had a long lasting alliance with Christian Democracy and the Italian Socialist Party and since 1994 with some of its successor parties including the Italian People s Party and the Democratic Union of Alto Adige In 1998 the SVP formed a coalition with the Democrats of the Left replaced by the Democratic Party in 2009 That coalition lasted ten years until the party chose to team up with the local section of Lega Nord Lega per Salvini Premier in 2019 At the European level the SVP is a member of the European People s Party EPP 15 Contents 1 Recent history 1 1 2003 2006 elections 1 2 2008 2009 elections 1 3 2013 2014 elections 1 4 2018 2019 elections 2 Ideology and factions 3 Popular support 3 1 Chamber of Deputies 3 2 European Parliament 4 Electoral results 4 1 Landtag of South Tyrol 4 2 Italian Parliament 4 3 European Parliament 5 Leadership 6 Further reading 7 References 8 Sources 9 External linksRecent history EditIn 1989 Silvius Magnago long time SVP leader and Governor of South Tyrol since 1960 handed his office to Luis Durnwalder who would keep the post until 2013 Under Durnwalder s long reign the SVP continued to be the largest party in the Province garnering more than 50 of the vote in most elections despite growing competition chiefly from right wing parties Durnwalder managed to keep the party often riven in internal disputes between opposing factions united The SVP joined the European People s Party as an observer member in 1993 16 In the 1996 general election the SVP was affiliated to The Olive Tree on the Populars for Prodi list which included primarily the Italian People s Party and also the 2001 general election on its own list 17 2003 2006 elections Edit In the 2003 provincial election the SVP won 55 6 of the vote and 21 provincial councillors out of 35 Durnwalder Governor since 1989 was returned for the fourth time in office at the head of a coalition composed by the Democrats of the Left DS and the Democratic Union of Alto Adige In the 2004 European Parliament election the SVP formed an electoral alliance with The Olive Tree joint list including the DS The party s share of votes fell below 50 for the first time to 46 7 9 3pp from 1999 mainly because of the big win of the Greens 13 2 6 5 However Michl Ebner was elected MEP with more than 90 000 preferences and a Green Sepp Kusstatscher a former member of the internal left of the SVP was elected too Also in 2004 the centrist Siegfried Brugger party chairman since 1992 stepped down and was replaced by Elmar Pichler Rolle another centrist In the 2006 general election the party was part of the victorious The Union centre left coalition and garnered four deputies including one for its sister party in Trentino the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party PATT long serving Siegfried Brugger Karl Zeller Johann Georg Widmann and PATT s Giacomo Bezzi and three senators Helga Thaler Ausserhofer representing the party s conservative wing Oskar Peterlini from the party s social democratic faction and Manfred Pinzger 2008 2009 elections Edit In the 2008 general election the party obtained 44 3 9 1pp from 2006 and 16 2pp from 2001 returning only two deputies Siegfried Brugger and Karl Zeller In the Senate election thanks to the plurality voting system the SVP got its three senators Helga Thaler Ausserhofer Oskar Peterlini and Manfred Pinzger re elected The low number of elects in the Chamber was due both to the strong showing of Die Freiheitlichen 9 4 on the right and the decision not to enter in alliance for the Chamber of Deputies either with the centre left led by the Democratic Party PD 18 0 successor of the DS or the centre right led by The People of Freedom PdL 16 0 In the 2008 provincial election the SVP won 48 1 of the vote in the Province 7 5 while its right wing rivals The Freedomites South Tyrolean Freedom and Union for South Tyrol gained a combined 21 5 of the vote During the electoral campaign the party did not endorse its traditional counterparts in Trentino the Daisy Civic List Union for Trentino UpT and the PATT in order not to hurt the relations with Lega Nord LN whose Trentino section Lega Nord Trentino provided the opposition candidate Sergio Divina Despite rumors on an alliance with Lega Nord Alto Adige Sudtirol 18 19 20 after the election the SVP continued its alliance with the PD In April 2009 Richard Theiner a member of the Arbeitnehmer employees left leaning wing 21 was elected party chairman due to an agreement between the opposing factions 22 Since then he was assisted by three deputy chairpersons Thomas Widmann Wirtschaft or business faction Martha Stocker and Paola Bioc Gasser representative of the Ladin section 23 The latter was replaced by Daniel Alfreider in 2012 24 In the 2009 European Parliament election due to the absence of its rival parties on the right the SVP won 52 1 of the vote electing Herbert Dorfmann 2013 2014 elections Edit The SVP contested the 2013 general election as part of the centre left coalition Italy Common Good 25 Some long serving MPs notably Siegfried Brugger and Helga Thaler Ausserhofer chose not to run for re election and the party selected its candidates through a primary election 26 In the general election the SVP won 44 2 of the provincial vote 27 0 1pp from 2008 and being part of the coalition winning the national majority premium obtained five deputies Albrecht Plangger Renate Gebhard Daniel Alfreider PATT s Mauro Ottobre and Manfred Schullian 28 For the Senate the SVP ran alone in the constituencies of Merano and Brixen winning both in Merano outgoing deputy Karl Zeller took 53 5 29 while in Brixen Hans Berger 55 4 30 The SVP in alliance with the PD the UpT and the PATT contributed also to the election of centre left or autonomist candidates in the constituency of Bolzano and in those of Trentino 31 On 21 April in a party primary the SVP selected Arno Kompatscher as its head of the list for the 2013 provincial election in place of Durnwalder Kompatscher 42 year old mayor of Vols am Schlern won 82 4 of the vote while former SVP leader Elmar Pichler Rolle a mere 17 6 32 33 In the October election the SVP won 45 7 of the vote in the Province 2 4pp and lost its 65 year long absolute majority Both the German right wing parties whose combined share of the vote was 27 2 5 7 and the Greens 8 7 2 9 gained votes 34 Kompatscher obtained more than 80 000 preference votes 35 and was set to be appointed Governor by the Provincial Council Its coalition government included as usual the PD 36 In May 2014 Theiner was replaced by Philipp Achammer as party s chairman 37 38 Daniel Alfreider Zeno Christanell and Angelika Wiedmer were appointed vice chairpersons 39 Kompatscher and 28 year old Achammer formed an entirely new leadership team and represented the party s renewal 40 In the 2014 European Parliament election the SVP won 48 0 of the vote in the Province and Dorfmann was re elected to the European Parliament 2018 2019 elections Edit The SVP which again chose its candidates through a primary election 41 contested the 2018 general election in a joint list with the PATT within the centre left coalition The German right wing parties did not contest the election leading the SVP to obtain 48 8 of the vote in the Province 4 6pp However due to the new electoral system it secured four deputies including one for the PATT and three senators For the Chamber Albrecht Plangger was elected in Meran 61 2 42 Renate Gebhard in Brixen 65 0 43 and Manfred Schullian and PATT s Emanuela Rossini from the PR list 44 For the Senate Julia Unterberger was elected in Merano 61 1 45 Meinhard Durnwalder in Brixen 66 5 46 and Dieter Steger from the PR list 47 The SVP s support granted the election of PD s candidates for the Chamber and the Senate in Bolzano but for the first time the centre left lost badly in Trentino where the LN re styled as Lega became the largest party 48 49 50 In the 2018 provincial election incumbent Governor Kompatscher was the party s leading candidate 51 52 In the election on 21 October 2018 the party gained 41 9 3 8pp 53 The PD SVP s traditional ally did so poorly that the SVP needed to find a new coalition partner after long negotiations the party chose to team up with the local section of Lega Nord in 2019 54 Additionally for the 2019 European Parliament election the party formed an electoral pact with the other two main members of the European People s Party EPP from Italy Silvio Berlusconi s Forza Italia FI and the Union of the Centre UdC 55 In the 2019 European Parliament election the SVP won 46 5 of the vote in the Province and Dorfmann was re elected to the European Parliament Ideology and factions Edit Luis Durnwalder The SVP is an example of a catch all party Its ideology ranges from Christian democracy to social democracy due to the virtual absence of a true social democratic rival party in the region In German speaking valleys the SVP has almost no opposition apart from Die Freiheitlichen South Tyrolean Freedom and Citizens Union for South Tyrol on the right and the Greens on the left In the years the SVP suffered many splits reflecting the diverse composition of the party Tyrolean Homeland Party Social Progressive Party of South Tyrol and Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol and many SVP leading members left the party in order to join other parties notably including Alfons Benedikter a right winger who launched the Union for South Tyrol in 1989 Christian Waldner a conservative liberal who launched The Freedomites in 1992 Sepp Kusstatscher a leftist who joined the Greens in 1999 and finally Roland Atz a right winger who switched to Lega Nord Alto Adige Sudtirol in 2008 56 The Party of Independents Freedom Party of South Tyrol the South Tyrolean Homeland Federation the Union for South Tyrol and The Freedomites can thus be all considered splits of the SVP Within the party it is possible to identify three main internal factions Landwirtschaft Agriculture representing the interests of farmers 57 the faction which had in Luis Durnwalder Governor from 1989 to 2013 its main representative in government notably includes Herbert Dorfmann and Hans Berger 58 59 Wirtschaft Economy representing small business 60 61 the faction is led by Gerhard Brandstatter 62 and notably includes Helga Thaler Ausserhofer a conservative 63 Manfred Pinzger Karl Zeller Thomas Widmann and Dieter Steger 64 Arno Kompatscher wields strong support among the faction 65 Arbeitnehmer Labour the social democratic faction and political arm of the Union of South Tyrolean Independent Trade Unions ASGB 66 67 the faction recently led by Reinhold Perkmann 68 Rosmarie Pamer 69 and Cristoph Gufler 70 notably includes Oskar Peterlini the most left wing SVP member in the Italian Parliament so far 71 Richard Theiner 72 and Renate Gebhard 73 Siegfried Brugger and Elmar Pichler Rolle who led the party in 1992 2004 and 2004 2009 respectively are centrist figures who worked for preserving party unity In order to prevent the break up of the party along right left lines in 2008 Perkmann leader of the Arbeitnhemer proposed a federal reform of the party in order to preserve its catch all nature and simultaneously give more autonomy to its internal factions which have now an official status in party organization 68 The result was a mild reform of the party and the election to the party leadership in 2009 of a ticket composed by a leading member of the Arbeitnehmer Richard Theiner and a leading member of the Wirtschaft faction Thomas Widmann plus Martha Stocker a close ally of Durnwalder The factional divisions between party members were reflected also on the vote of confidence on the Berlusconi IV Cabinet Pinzger and Thaler Ausserhofer abstained while Brugger Zeller and Peterlini voted against 74 75 This kind of divisions continued during the legislature with senators excluding Peterlini supporting some of the government s policies and deputies often opposing the same measures The Young Generation Junge Generation JG is the youth movement of the party including all members at the age of 14 to 30 The SVP is a member of the European People s Party EPP 76 and its MEP sits in the EPP Group in the European Parliament 77 Popular support EditThe electoral results of the SVP in South Tyrol since 1948 are shown in the chart below The electoral results of the SVP in South Tyrol since 1953 are shown in the table below 78 Chamber of Deputies Edit 1953 1958 1963 1968 1972 1976 1979 1983 1987 1992 1994 1996 2001 2006 2008 2013 201859 9 60 8 56 6 58 5 59 0 59 6 62 9 59 6 58 3 57 2 59 9 52 7 a 60 5 53 4 44 3 44 2 48 8 This result refers to single seat constituencies as the SVP did not present its own party list for proportional representation but was part of the list of the Italian People s Party PPI along with some other minor parties at the national level This list won only 27 9 in the Province of Bolzano European Parliament Edit 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 201962 1 63 1 53 0 56 9 56 0 46 7 52 1 48 0 46 5Electoral results EditLandtag of South Tyrol Edit Landtag of South TyrolElection year Votes Seats 1948 107 249 67 60 13 20 1952 112 602 64 81 15 22 21956 124 165 64 40 15 22 1960 132 351 63 92 15 22 1964 134 188 61 30 16 25 11968 137 982 60 74 16 25 1973 132 186 56 40 20 34 41978 163 502 61 35 21 34 11983 170 125 59 42 22 35 11988 184 717 60 40 22 35 1993 160 186 52 03 19 35 31998 171 820 56 62 21 35 22003 167 353 55 60 21 35 2008 146 545 48 12 18 35 32013 131 236 45 70 17 35 12018 119 108 41 89 15 35 2Italian Parliament Edit Chamber of DeputiesElection year Votes Seats 1948 124 243 0 47 3 574 1953 122 474 0 45 3 590 1958 135 491 0 46 3 596 1963 135 457 0 44 3 630 1968 152 991 0 48 3 630 1972 153 674 0 46 3 630 1976 184 375 0 50 3 630 1979 204 899 0 56 3 630 1983 184 940 0 50 3 630 1987 202 022 0 52 3 630 1992 198 447 0 51 3 630 1994 231 842 0 60 3 630 1996 156 708 0 42 3 630 2001 200 059 0 54 3 630 2006 182 704 0 48 3 630 2008 147 718 0 41 2 630 12013 146 804 0 43 4 630 22018 134 651 0 41 4 630 Senate of the RepublicElection year Votes Seats 1948 94 406 0 42 2 237 1953 107 139 0 44 2 237 1958 120 068 0 46 2 246 1963 112 023 0 41 2 315 1968 131 071 0 46 2 315 1972 113 452 0 38 2 315 1976 158 584 0 50 2 315 1979 172 582 0 55 2 315 1983 157 444 0 51 2 315 1987 171 539 0 53 2 315 1992 168 113 0 50 3 315 11994 217 137 0 66 3 315 1996 178 425 0 55 2 315 12001 126 177 0 37 3 315 12006 117 495 0 46 3 315 2008 98 948 0 40 3 315 2013 97 141 0 41 2 315 12018 128 282 0 42 3 315 1European Parliament Edit European ParliamentElection year Votes Seats 1979 196 373 0 56 1 81 1984 198 220 0 56 1 81 1989 172 383 0 50 1 81 1994 202 668 0 62 1 87 1999 156 005 0 50 1 78 2004 146 357 0 45 1 78 2009 143 509 0 47 1 72 2014 138 037 0 50 1 73 2019 142 185 0 53 1 76 Leadership EditChairman Erich Amonn 1945 1948 Josef Menz Popp 1948 1951 Toni Ebner 1951 1952 Otto von Guggenberg 1952 1954 Karl Tinzl 1954 1956 Toni Ebner 1956 1957 Silvius Magnago 1957 1991 Roland Riz 1991 1992 Siegfried Brugger 1992 2004 Elmar Pichler Rolle 2004 2009 Richard Theiner 2009 2014 Philipp Achammer 2014 present Honorary chairman Silvius Magnago 1991 2010 Secretary Josef Raffeiner 1945 1947 Otto von Guttenberg 1947 1952 Albuin Forer 1952 1953 Vinzenz Stotter 1953 1954 Ivo Perathoner 1954 1957 Hans Stanek 1957 1965 Josef Atz 1965 1978 Bruno Hosp 1978 1989 Hartmann Gallmetzer 1989 1997 Thomas Widmann 1997 2003 Michael Muhlberger 2004 Alexander Mittermair 2004 2009 Philipp Achammer 2009 2013 Martin Alber 2013 2014 Manuel Massl 2014 2016 Gerhard Duregger 2017 2019 Stefan Premstaller 2019 present Further reading EditPallaver Gunther 2006 The Sudtiroler Volkspartei From irredentism to autonomy Autonomist parties in Europe identity politics and the revival of the territorial cleavage Institut de Ciencies Politiques i Socials pp 161 188 ISBN 978 8460804512 References Edit Rolf Steininger 2003 South Tyrol A Minority Conflict of the Twentieth Century Transaction Publishers p 75 ISBN 978 1 4128 3482 7 Retrieved 24 July 2013 Tessere delusione Svp Meno di 40 mila iscritti Archived from the original on 2017 09 15 Retrieved 25 November 2017 a b Nordsieck Wolfram 2018 South Tyrol Italy Parties and Elections in Europe a b Guy Puzey 2012 Two Way Traffic How Linguistic Landscapes Reflect and Influence the Politics of Language In Durk Gorter Heiko F Marten Luk Van Mensel eds Minority Languages in the Linguistic Landscape Palgrave Macmillan p 137 ISBN 978 0 230 27244 6 a b c Gunther Pallaver 2016 The Sudtiroler Volkspartei Success through conflict failure through consensus In Oscar Mazzoleni Sean Mueller eds Regionalist Parties in Western Europe Dimensions of Success Taylor amp Francis pp 107 134 ISBN 978 1 317 06895 2 Maurizio Cotta Luca Verzichelli 2007 Political Institutions in Italy Oxford University Press p 40 ISBN 978 0 19 928470 2 Retrieved 16 July 2013 SVP Landesversammlung im Zeichen von Europa 2019 05 04 Michaela Kaniber Einig fur ein starkes Europa eintreten Pallaver Gunther 2007 Sudtirols politische Parteien 1945 2005 PDF Die Region Trentino Sudtirol im 20 Jahrhundert 1 Politik und Institutionen in German p 610 or Pallaver Gunther 2007 I partiti politici in Alto Adige dal 1945 al 2005 PDF La Regione Trentino Alto Adige Sudtirol nel XX secolo I Politica e Istituzioni in Italian p 580 Desaster fur FPO Ableger Suddeutsche Zeitung in German 22 October 2018 Davide Vampa 2016 The Regional Politics of Welfare in Italy Spain and Great Britain Springer p 61 ISBN 978 3 319 39007 9 Gunther Pallaver 2008 South Tyrol s Consociational Democracy Between Political Claim and Social Reality In Jens Woelk Francesco Palermo Joseph Marko eds Tolerance Through Law Self Governance and Group Rights In South Tyrol Martinus Nijhoff Publishers pp 305 309 ISBN 978 90 04 16302 7 David Lublin 2014 Minority Rules Electoral Systems Decentralization and Ethnoregional Party Success Oxford University Press p 229 ISBN 978 0 19 994884 0 K Beyme 1996 Transition to Democracy in Eastern Europe Springer p 59 ISBN 978 0 230 37433 1 EPP European People s Party Parties amp Partners EPP European People s Party Retrieved 19 March 2021 Thomas Jansen Steven Van Hecke 2011 At Europe s Service The Origins and Evolution of the European People s Party Springer Science amp Business Media p 51 ISBN 978 3 642 19414 6 Hartmut Ullrich 2009 Der politische system Italiens In Wolfgang Ismayr ed Die politischen Systeme Westeuropas Springer Verlag p 662 ISBN 978 3 531 16200 3 La Sudtiroler annusa laria IlGiornale it 9 August 2008 Trocino Alessandro 10 August 2008 Ciampi a Brunetta l Alto Adige resti autonomo Coriere della Sera p 11 http espresso repubblica it dettaglio local C2 ABNoi ci siamo ma l Svp ora si smarchi C2 BB 2036877 dead link https web archive org web 20090202045207 http www arbeitnehmer bz it mandatareinnen html uc 5Bm 5D 73 amp cHash 9a521faf96 Archived from the original on February 2 2009 Retrieved January 14 2012 Missing or empty title help Dallago Maurizio 16 April 2009 Theiner Widmann ok dagli Arbeitnehmer Alto Adige Sudtiroler Volkspartei SVP Archived December 10 2011 at the Wayback Machine Daniel Alfreider neuer SVP Obmannstellvertreter Sudtirol Online stol it 2012 03 24 Archived from the original on 11 November 2013 Retrieved 26 February 2013 Canettieri Simone 14 January 2013 Liste i simboli presentati sono 215 e record Domani le esclusioni Il Messaggero Primarie Svp i risultati vincono Zeller e Berger Bocciato Ladinser Alto Adige 7 January 2013 Archived from the original on 2013 01 10 Retrieved 2013 03 03 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Archived from the original on February 28 2013 Retrieved March 3 2013 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Archived from the original on February 28 2013 Retrieved March 3 2013 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Archived from the original on March 1 2013 Retrieved March 3 2013 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Archived from the original on February 28 2013 Retrieved March 3 2013 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Archived from the original on February 28 2013 Retrieved March 3 2013 Arno Superstar Tageszeitung Online 21 April 2013 Archived from the original on 15 February 2015 Sudtirol Kompatscher SVP Spitzenkandidat News ORF at 21 April 2014 http www siag it Beratende Landesvolksabstimmung 2016 Autonome Provinz Bozen Sudtirol elezioni provincia bz it Retrieved 25 November 2017 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2013 10 29 Retrieved 2013 10 28 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Elezione al cardiopalma per la giunta Kompatscher Cronaca Alto Adige Alto Adige Archived from the original on 5 May 2014 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Philipp Achammer ist neuer SVP Obmann Sudtirol Online stol it 2014 05 03 Archived from the original on 3 May 2014 Retrieved 4 May 2014 Svp plebiscito per Achammer eletto con il 94 Cronaca Alto Adige Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 05 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Die Stellvertreter Wiedmer und Christanell Sudtirol Online stol it 2014 05 03 Archived from the original on 4 May 2014 Retrieved 4 May 2014 di Paolo Campostrini Il rito della purificazione dopo il ciclone vitalizi Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 05 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Primarie SVP con poche sorprese Trentino AA S 2018 01 21 Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali Elezioni in Trentino Tutti gli eletti uninominali sono del centrodestra ecco i nuovi deputati e senatori Elezioni per il centrosinistra e l anno zero anche in Trentino Punita l arroganza di governo Dellai a casa Mellarini battuto da Conzatti 2018 03 05 Lega da record Voti triplicati Mai cosi in alto Patt fermo Attualita l Adige it Provinciali l SVP presenta i suoi 35 candidati Cronaca Il manifesto 25 August 2018 Elezioni provinciali 2018 Provincia autonoma di Bolzano elezioni provincia bz it Retrieved 2018 10 22 Alto Adige SVP approva giunta con Lega Politica 2019 01 07 Europee accordo tra FI SVP e Udc Tajani Piu forza al Ppe a Strasburgo Affaritaliani it Medien Athesia Dolomiten Medien Informationen Alle Medien Athesia Medien www dolomiten it Retrieved 25 November 2017 Sudtiroler Volkspartei SVP Francesca Gonzato Svp contadini schierati per le primarie Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2013 06 28 Retrieved 9 June 2015 di Francesca Gonzato Dorfmann scalda i motori Candidarmi Puo essere Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2012 05 22 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Sudtiroler Volkspartei SVP Frau Helga alla buvette con Dell Utri la manovra cosi non va La Lega insiste con DurniVogliamo entrare in giunta Cronaca Alto Adige Alto Adige Archived from the original on 4 December 2008 Retrieved 9 June 2015 I dubbi di Helga sudtirolese con il divo Giulio nel cuore Corriere della Sera Primarie Svp liberta di voto dell ala economica Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 17 Retrieved 9 June 2015 di Francesca Gonzato L ombra della scissione sulla Svp Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 17 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Sudtiroler Volkspartei SVP Courtesy page default www arbeitnehmer bz it Archived from the original on 4 June 2015 Retrieved 9 June 2015 a b Maurizio Dallago L ala sociale Riforma federale Cronaca Alto Adige Alto Adige Archived from the original on 18 February 2013 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Perkmann lascia l ala sociale dell Svp Basta politica vado in Afghanistan Archivio Alto Adige Retrieved 9 June 2015 L ala sociale non riesce a candidare Gufler Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 05 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Alleanza nazionale il Popolo della Liberta ribadisce i suoi due obiettivi storici riportare la questione altoatesina fra i temi dell azione di Governo nazionale e imporsi c permanent dead link di Maurizio Dallago Lista Svp la meta sono facce nuove Alto Adige Archived from the original on 2014 05 05 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Svp il paladino Plangger e il candidato dei venostani Archived from the original on 2014 05 05 Retrieved 25 November 2017 Legislatura 16º Aula Resoconto stenografico della seduta n 005 del 15 05 2008 Stenografico Assemblea Sed n 5 di mercoledi 14 maggio 2008 16 Legislatura permanent dead link EPP European People s Party Parties amp Partners EPP European People s Party Retrieved 19 March 2021 12401 Party EPP Group in the European Parliament Archived from the original on 2015 04 25 Retrieved 9 June 2015 Elezioni Italiane www youtrend it Retrieved 2019 08 23 Sources EditHistory of 60 years of the SVP 1945 2005 Provincial Council of Bolzano Historical Archive Trentino Alto Adige Region Elections Provincial Government of Bolzano Elections Cattaneo Institute Archive of Election Data South Tyrol Parties and Elections in Europe Ministry of the Interior Historical Archive of Elections Gunther Pallaver Political parties in Alto Adige from 1945 to 2005 Anton Holzer Die Sudtiroler Volkspartei Kulturverlag Thaur Tyrol 1991 ISBN 978 3 85395 157 6 Joachim Goller Die Brixner Richtungen Die Sudtiroler Volkspartei das katholische Lager und der Klerus Studienverlag Innsbruck Wien Bozen 2007 ISBN 978 3 7065 4230 2External links EditOfficial website Wirtschaft faction Arbeitnehmer faction Landwirtschaft faction Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title South Tyrolean People 27s Party amp oldid 1040043680, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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