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South Waziristan District

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South Waziristan District (Pashto:سويلي وزیرستان ولسوالۍ‎, Urdu:ضلع جنوبی وزیرستان‎) is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the southern part of Waziristan, a mountainous region of northwest Pakistan, that covers some 11,585 km2 (4,473 mi²). Waziristan comprises the area west and southwest of Peshawar between the Tochi River to the north and the Gomal River to the south. The region was an independent tribal territory from 1893, remaining outside of British-ruled empire and Afghanistan. Tribal raiding into British-ruled territory was a constant problem for the British, requiring frequent punitive expeditions between 1860 and 1945. Troops of the British Raj coined a name for this region "Hell's Door Knocker" in recognition of the fearsome reputation of the local fighters and inhospitable terrain. The capital city of South Waziristan is Wanna. South Waziristan is divided into the three administrative subdivisions of Ladha, Sarwakai, and Wanna. These three subdivisions are further divided into eight Tehsils: Ladha, Makin, Sararogha, Sarwakai, Tiarza, Wanna, Barmal, and Toi Khula.

South Waziristan District

Contents

Map of agencies and frontier regions in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northwest Pakistan
* South Waziristan * FATA * Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Agency is mostly a mass of rugged and complex hills and ridges. There are no regular mountain alignments. The land rises gradually from south and east to north and west. The dominating range is the Preghal in the west along the border with Afghanistan. It is the highest peak which is 3,515 metres high. Zarmelan, Wanna, Shakki, Zalai, Spin and Tiarza are the main plains of the Agency.

Direction of water courses, in general, is from west to south i.e. from the watersheds of Sulaiman Mountains to the Indus. There are two principal rivers in the Agency, Gomal of Luni and Tank Zam. Some important rivulets are Khaisora, Shaktu, Siplatoi, Toi Khwla, Shuza, Shinkai and Shahur. The rest are mountain streams which can become dangerous and impassable during heavy rains which frequently occur during the months of July and August. The Gomal River rises in two branches in the eastern slopes of the western Sulaiman range in the Barmal District of Afghanistan not far from the source of the Tochi River. The Tank Zam is formed by the junction of the Tauda China and the Baddar Toi, at Dwa Toi, south of Razmak.

South Waziristan District is currently subdivided into eight tehsils.

The Agency has hot summers and very cold winters. In winter, temperatures go below freezing point in places of high altitude. The summer season starts in May and ends by September. June is generally the warmest month when the mean maximum temperature rises slightly over 30 degrees Celsius. The winter starts in October and continues until April. December, January and February are the coldest months. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures for this period are 10 and −2 degrees Celsius, respectively. The Agency is outside the monsoon zone, yet at higher altitudes a fair amount of rainfall is received. South Waziristan Agency has an arid climate, receiving minimal precipitation. The western portion, bordering Afghanistan, receives more rainfall than the eastern portion touching Tank and D.I.Khan districts due to high altitude. Most of the Agency receives mean annual rainfall of 6 inches, while a small area in the southeastern corner receives less than 10 inches (250 mm) of rainfall annually.

Located near the site of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and Harappa, the region was annexed as part of a far flung satrapy by the old Persian Achaemenid Empire before 500 B.C. The Macedonians under Alexander the Great marched on the area around 330 B.C., the later Greco-Bactrians establishing an independent Indo-Greek Kingdom following a split with the Seleucid Empire to the west. Afterwards, it came under Mauryan rule. The Saka arrived around 97 B.C., before the Indo-Parthians of Arsacid affinity ruled under Gondophares to about A.D. 75. The following few centuries A.D. brought at least nominal Kushan, Ephthalite, Kidarite and Sassanian Persian rule, the last of which fell to the forces of the Arab Rashidun Caliphate, which introduced Islam to the East Iranian borderlands in the seventh century. Islam was spread further east under the Saffarid dynasty which, under Ya'qub-i Laith Saffari, pressed deep into the Khyber hinterlands. The succeeding centuries saw Ghaznavid, Ghorid, and Babar control of the area, where regional Pashtoon tribes living in and around the Hindu-Kush later battled the encroaching British India northwest of the Punjab. From then onward, the region remained under British Indian rule after the 1893 Durand Line agreement, until the state of Pakistan was created.

Up to 1895, the Deputy Commissioner of Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu had controlled all political matters in Waziristan since the taking over of the Frontier from the Sikhs. These areas did not come under British control until November 1893, when the Amir of Afghanistan signed a treaty renouncing all claims to these territories. After an attack on the Delimitation Commission Escort at Wanna in 1894 and subsequent large military operations in 1894–95, a Political Agent for South Waziristan was permanently appointed with its headquarters at Wanna; another was appointed for the Tochi area (North Waziristan) with headquarters at Miramshah. The post of Resident in Waziristan was created in 1908. The Political Agent in North Waziristan was subordinate to the Resident, who was directly responsible to the Chief Commissioner of North Western Frontier Province. With the withdrawal of Indian government to the settled districts, the regular armed forces were withdrawn and, instead, a local militia was raised in 1900. However, large scale disturbances occurred in 1904 resulting in the murder of the Political Agent and Militia Commandant at Sarwakai. Later, a plot to murder all the British officers, seize the Wanna fort; and hand it over to Mullah Powindah, the self-styled king of Waziristan, was discovered. The Political Agent and the Commandant, on the same night, disarmed and dismissed all the Mahsuds from the Militia. A few months later, they were again enlisted, but were once again disbanded in 1906. In 1925 the Royal Air Force pacified Mahsud tribesmen by means of the Pink's War bombing campaign.

In the 20th century, Mirzali Khan (Faqir of Ipi), although based in Gurwek, North Waziristan, had also many followers from South Waziristan.

The predominant language is Pashto, spoken natively by 97.3% of the population. There is also a pocket of speakers of the related Ormuri language in the town of Kaniguram.

The two main tribes of the agency are the Ahmadzai Wazir and the Mahsud. The other significant tribal populations are the Ormur (Burki or Baraki), Dotani, Sulaimankhel, Ghilji, Khomia and Taji. Some Bettani tribal people live in a strip on the south-east border, while the Ghilji are mainly settled in the south-west corner. The Dotani and Sulaimankhel tribes mainly live in Toi Khwla and Gulkuch.

The tribal people of this area wear distinctive dress. The dress of men consists of a turban smock; Shalwar and Chaddar. The smock is generally white or grey and occasionally embroidered on the chest with silk or cotton. Their Shalwars are baggy and big. Maliks and the wealthy wear white cotton smocks and carry Chaddar on their shoulders. The young educated males wear modern dress as worn by people elsewhere in the country. Women wear different colored clothes as to be identified. Married women put on dark-blue or dark-red smocks of coarse cotton. The spinsters invariably of both married and unmarried women are similar and fit closely below the knee. The married women usually wear a very huge firak called "ganr khat". The unmarried wear simple shalwar and qamees. One can easily differentiate between married and unmarried by this firak. Currently trends are changing of people and they adopt the new culture as well. in wazir etan the trend is slowly emerging but those people who migrated to other Urban areas of Pakistan they changed the fashion and also adopt the other culture. these tribe consist mainly on Mehsud and Wazir tribe. but still two main tribe of wazir e stan not change the way of living and they prefer the simplicity and traditional life ( Dotani and Suleman Khel tribe).[citation needed]

The people of South Waziristan eat simple food of wheat and maize bread. They are also fond of chai (tea) and rice cooked with mutton. Pulao, a rice pilaf, with roasted meat are served on special occasions. But the main one is Sohbat of Mahsud tribals. The famous food of Dotani and suleman khel tribe is "Korrat", the half white rice mix up with "ghee" which is made from cow milk and second is Bar be Q of Goat.[citation needed]

The majority of Wazirs Mahsuds, Dotani and suleimankhail of South Waziristan are pastoral. The Wazirs breed cows and sheep and earn their livelihood from sheep-rearing. Suleimankhail are also horses and sheep and some go to different parts of Punjab in summers and most of them are in Iran to earn their livelihood. A large number of Mahsuds are employed in the Army, as levies and Khassadars in militia and scouts. Mahsuds have also taken to business in Tank and Dera Ismail Khan driving buses and trucks. The Agency also produces or trades charcoal, wool, potatoes, chilghozas and a few varieties of locally grown fruit.

Mining

There is hardly significant mining to be mentioned. Coal mines have been discovered in the Wazir area of Neeli Kach Tehsil Wanna. Copper is found in Preghal and Spin Kamar. Chromite in area Sarah Khuara near Dre Nashter.[citation needed]

Wanna is the summer headquarters of the Agency. It is an important tehsil and a camp similar to Razmak. The population is mostly of Ahmadzai Wazirs. It has a vast plain with extensive valleys surrounded on all sides by hills. It is an important industrial and agricultural center. Khaisur, Osspass, karama, Ladha, Makin, Sararogha, Azamwarsak and Angur Ada are also important places of the Agency. Kaniguram is inhabited principally by a tribe called Burki. There are some Mahsuds who also live there but no others. Recently in a local clash the Malik din Khel clan of Mahsuds annexed many parts of Burkis on which the Malik Din Khels have built their own houses. It is, population-wise, the largest habitation in South Waziristan at 7,000 feet (2,100 m) above sea level. The tribesmen manufacture small arms and knives, which are most known for their finish and performance and much-liked by tourists and foreigners.

The civil administration of South Waziristan Agency has been functioning since 1895 under a Political Agent who administers civil criminal and revenue cases in accordance with the Frontier Crimes Regulations and Customary Law. The Agency is divided into the three administrative subdivisions of Ladha, Sarwakai, and Wanna. These three subdivisions are further divided into eight Tehsils: Ladha, Makin, Sararogha, Sarwakai, Tiarza, Wanna, Barmal, and Toi Khwla.

The subdivision of Sarwakai is administered by Assistant Political Officer, whereas the subdivisions of Ladha and Wanna are administered by Assistant Political Agents. Each tehsil is headed by a Political Naib Tehsildar. The Malik system introduced by the British government is functioning in the Agency. Maliks used to work like media between administrations and the (Qaum) or Tribe. A Maliki is hereditary and devolves on the son and his son so on and so forth for which regular benefits and subsidies are sanctioned from time to time. Lungi system known as Sufaid Resh is slightly lower form of Maliki.

Provincial Assembly

Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency Year
Hafiz Islam Uddin Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) PK-113 South Waziristan-I 2018
Naseer Ullah Khan Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-114 South Waziristan-II 2018

On June 4, 2007, the National Security Council of Pakistan met to decide the fate of Waziristan and take up a number of political and administrative decisions to control "Talibanization" of the area. The meeting was chaired by President Pervez Musharraf and it was attended by the Chief Ministers and Governors of all four provinces. They discussed the deteriorating law and order situation and the threat posed to state security.

The government decided to take a number of actions to stop the "Talibanization" and crush the armed militancy in the Tribal regions and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

The NSC of Pakistan has decided the following actions will be taken to achieve the goals:

The Ministry of Interior has played a large part in the information gathering for the operations against militants and their institutions. The Ministry of Interior has prepared a list of militant commanders operating in the region and they have also prepared a list of seminaries for monitoring.

The government is also trying to strengthen the law enforcement in the area by providing Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Police with weapons, bulletproof jackets and night-vision devices. The paramilitary Frontier Corps will be provided with artillery and Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs). The state agencies are also studying ways to block broadcasting of illegal FM radio channels.

A major military offensive was launched in the area by the Pakistani army on 17 October 2009. ISPR on 2 November told the media about involvement of Indian's in South Waziristan had been found.

The Taliban has been dislodged from the area. However, reports that appeared in 2012 suggested that only one out of six subdivisions has been de-notified as conflict zone. Army has control over the main roads and strategic hilltops while TTP militants have safe havens in the valleys.

  1. "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP [PDF]"(PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 2018-01-03. Retrieved2018-03-25.
  2. "For FATA residents, the good news may be short-lived - Daily Times". dailytimes.com.pk. 29 May 2018. Retrieved30 May 2018.
  3. "Tribe: Ahmadzai Wazir"(PDF). Naval Postgraduate School.Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  4. 1998 Census report of South Waziristan Agency. Census publication. 142. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. p. 18.
  5. Ormuri language at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  6. Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics, Government of Pakistan, Administrative Units of Pakistan (Tehsils/Talukas)
  7. FATA - Official Web Portal: About South Waziristan: Geography
  8. Khan, Ismail (2007). "Plan ready to curb militancy in Fata, settled areas". Newsweek international edition. Dawn.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved2007-06-27.
  9. Wn.com. "South Waziristan-DG ISPR Press Briefing Operation Rah-e-Nijat Underway In SWA".Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  10. Dawn. "South Waziristan operation: Only Sararogha cleared in three years".Cite journal requires |journal= ()
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South Waziristan District
South Waziristan District Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South Waziristan This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources South Waziristan District news newspapers books scholar JSTOR January 2008 Learn how and when to remove this template message South Waziristan District Pashto سويلي وزیرستان ولسوالۍ Urdu ضلع جنوبی وزیرستان is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2 and the southern part of Waziristan a mountainous region of northwest Pakistan that covers some 11 585 km2 4 473 mi Waziristan comprises the area west and southwest of Peshawar between the Tochi River to the north and the Gomal River to the south The region was an independent tribal territory from 1893 remaining outside of British ruled empire and Afghanistan Tribal raiding into British ruled territory was a constant problem for the British requiring frequent punitive expeditions between 1860 and 1945 Troops of the British Raj coined a name for this region Hell s Door Knocker in recognition of the fearsome reputation of the local fighters and inhospitable terrain The capital city of South Waziristan is Wanna South Waziristan is divided into the three administrative subdivisions of Ladha Sarwakai and Wanna These three subdivisions are further divided into eight Tehsils Ladha Makin Sararogha Sarwakai Tiarza Wanna Barmal and Toi Khula South Waziristan District سويلي وزیرستان ولسوالۍضلع جنوبی وزیرستانDistrictMuch of South Waziristan consists of rugged terrainMap of South Waziristan DistrictCountry PakistanProvince Khyber PakhtunkhwaEstablished1893 as an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas HeadquartersWannaNumber of Tehsils8Government Deputy CommissionerHameedullah KhanArea Total6 619 km2 2 556 sq mi Population 2017 1 Total674 065 Density100 km2 260 sq mi Time zoneUTC 5 PST Main language s Pashto Ormari The Waziristan was divided into two agencies North Waziristan and South Waziristan The two parts have quite distinct characteristics though both tribes are subgroups of the Waziri tribe after whom the region is named 3 and speak a common Waziristani dialect They have a reputation as warriors and are known for their frequent blood feuds Traditionally feuding local Waziri religious leaders have enlisted outsiders in the Pakistani government and more recently U S forces hunting al Qaeda fugitives in attempts at score settling The tribes are divided into sub tribes governed by male village elders who meet in a tribal jirga Socially and religiously Waziristan is an extremely conservative area Women are carefully guarded and every household must be headed by a male figure Tribal cohesiveness is strong through so called Collective Responsibility Acts in the Frontier Crimes Regulation In terms of area South Waziristan was the largest agency in FATA being 6 619 km2 It has been functioning since 1895 In 2018 it became a district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan with merger of FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa It is bordered to the north by the North Waziristan District to the north east by Bannu and Lakki Marwat Districts to the east by tribal areas adjoining the Tank and Dera Ismail Khan Districts to the south by Zhob District of Balochistan Province and tribal areas adjoining Dera Ismail Khan District and to the west by Afghanistan 3 Contents 1 Geography 2 Administration 3 Climate 4 History 5 Demography 6 Dress and ornaments 7 Food 8 Economy 8 1 Mining 9 Places of interest 10 Administration 10 1 Provincial Assembly 11 Pakistan s new Waziristan strategy 12 See also 13 References 14 External linksGeography Edit Map of agencies and frontier regions in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa northwest Pakistan South Waziristan FATA Khyber Pakhtunkhwa The Agency is mostly a mass of rugged and complex hills and ridges There are no regular mountain alignments The land rises gradually from south and east to north and west The dominating range is the Preghal in the west along the border with Afghanistan It is the highest peak which is 3 515 metres high Zarmelan Wanna Shakki Zalai Spin and Tiarza are the main plains of the Agency Direction of water courses in general is from west to south i e from the watersheds of Sulaiman Mountains to the Indus There are two principal rivers in the Agency Gomal of Luni and Tank Zam Some important rivulets are Khaisora Shaktu Siplatoi Toi Khwla Shuza Shinkai and Shahur The rest are mountain streams which can become dangerous and impassable during heavy rains which frequently occur during the months of July and August The Gomal River rises in two branches in the eastern slopes of the western Sulaiman range in the Barmal District of Afghanistan not far from the source of the Tochi River The Tank Zam is formed by the junction of the Tauda China and the Baddar Toi at Dwa Toi south of Razmak Administration EditSouth Waziristan District is currently subdivided into eight tehsils 1 Birmil Tehsil Ladha Tehsil Makin Tehsil Sararogha Tehsil Serwekai Tehsil Tiarza Tehsil Toi Khulla Tehsil Wana TehsilClimate EditThe Agency has hot summers and very cold winters In winter temperatures go below freezing point in places of high altitude The summer season starts in May and ends by September June is generally the warmest month when the mean maximum temperature rises slightly over 30 degrees Celsius The winter starts in October and continues until April December January and February are the coldest months The mean maximum and minimum temperatures for this period are 10 and 2 degrees Celsius respectively The Agency is outside the monsoon zone yet at higher altitudes a fair amount of rainfall is received South Waziristan Agency has an arid climate receiving minimal precipitation The western portion bordering Afghanistan receives more rainfall than the eastern portion touching Tank and D I Khan districts due to high altitude Most of the Agency receives mean annual rainfall of 6 inches while a small area in the southeastern corner receives less than 10 inches 250 mm of rainfall annually History EditLocated near the site of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and Harappa the region was annexed as part of a far flung satrapy by the old Persian Achaemenid Empire before 500 B C The Macedonians under Alexander the Great marched on the area around 330 B C the later Greco Bactrians establishing an independent Indo Greek Kingdom following a split with the Seleucid Empire to the west Afterwards it came under Mauryan rule The Saka arrived around 97 B C before the Indo Parthians of Arsacid affinity ruled under Gondophares to about A D 75 The following few centuries A D brought at least nominal Kushan Ephthalite Kidarite and Sassanian Persian rule the last of which fell to the forces of the Arab Rashidun Caliphate which introduced Islam to the East Iranian borderlands in the seventh century Islam was spread further east under the Saffarid dynasty which under Ya qub i Laith Saffari pressed deep into the Khyber hinterlands The succeeding centuries saw Ghaznavid Ghorid and Babar control of the area where regional Pashtoon tribes living in and around the Hindu Kush later battled the encroaching British India northwest of the Punjab From then onward the region remained under British Indian rule after the 1893 Durand Line agreement until the state of Pakistan was created Up to 1895 the Deputy Commissioner of Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu had controlled all political matters in Waziristan since the taking over of the Frontier from the Sikhs These areas did not come under British control until November 1893 when the Amir of Afghanistan signed a treaty renouncing all claims to these territories After an attack on the Delimitation Commission Escort at Wanna in 1894 and subsequent large military operations in 1894 95 a Political Agent for South Waziristan was permanently appointed with its headquarters at Wanna another was appointed for the Tochi area North Waziristan with headquarters at Miramshah The post of Resident in Waziristan was created in 1908 The Political Agent in North Waziristan was subordinate to the Resident who was directly responsible to the Chief Commissioner of North Western Frontier Province With the withdrawal of Indian government to the settled districts the regular armed forces were withdrawn and instead a local militia was raised in 1900 However large scale disturbances occurred in 1904 resulting in the murder of the Political Agent and Militia Commandant at Sarwakai Later a plot to murder all the British officers seize the Wanna fort and hand it over to Mullah Powindah the self styled king of Waziristan was discovered The Political Agent and the Commandant on the same night disarmed and dismissed all the Mahsuds from the Militia A few months later they were again enlisted but were once again disbanded in 1906 In 1925 the Royal Air Force pacified Mahsud tribesmen by means of the Pink s War bombing campaign In the 20th century Mirzali Khan Faqir of Ipi although based in Gurwek North Waziristan had also many followers from South Waziristan Demography EditThe predominant language is Pashto spoken natively by 97 3 of the population 4 There is also a pocket of speakers of the related Ormuri language in the town of Kaniguram 5 The two main tribes of the agency are the Ahmadzai Wazir and the Mahsud The other significant tribal populations are the Ormur Burki or Baraki Dotani Sulaimankhel Ghilji Khomia and Taji Some Bettani tribal people live in a strip on the south east border while the Ghilji are mainly settled in the south west corner 3 The Dotani and Sulaimankhel tribes mainly live in Toi Khwla and Gulkuch Dress and ornaments EditThe tribal people of this area wear distinctive dress The dress of men consists of a turban smock Shalwar and Chaddar The smock is generally white or grey and occasionally embroidered on the chest with silk or cotton Their Shalwars are baggy and big Maliks and the wealthy wear white cotton smocks and carry Chaddar on their shoulders The young educated males wear modern dress as worn by people elsewhere in the country Women wear different colored clothes as to be identified Married women put on dark blue or dark red smocks of coarse cotton The spinsters invariably of both married and unmarried women are similar and fit closely below the knee The married women usually wear a very huge firak called ganr khat The unmarried wear simple shalwar and qamees One can easily differentiate between married and unmarried by this firak Currently trends are changing of people and they adopt the new culture as well in wazir etan the trend is slowly emerging but those people who migrated to other Urban areas of Pakistan they changed the fashion and also adopt the other culture these tribe consist mainly on Mehsud and Wazir tribe but still two main tribe of wazir e stan not change the way of living and they prefer the simplicity and traditional life Dotani and Suleman Khel tribe citation needed Food EditThe people of South Waziristan eat simple food of wheat and maize bread They are also fond of chai tea and rice cooked with mutton Pulao a rice pilaf with roasted meat are served on special occasions But the main one is Sohbat of Mahsud tribals The famous food of Dotani and suleman khel tribe is Korrat the half white rice mix up with ghee which is made from cow milk and second is Bar be Q of Goat citation needed Economy EditThe majority of Wazirs Mahsuds Dotani and suleimankhail of South Waziristan are pastoral The Wazirs breed cows and sheep and earn their livelihood from sheep rearing Suleimankhail are also horses and sheep and some go to different parts of Punjab in summers and most of them are in Iran to earn their livelihood A large number of Mahsuds are employed in the Army as levies and Khassadars in militia and scouts Mahsuds have also taken to business in Tank and Dera Ismail Khan driving buses and trucks The Agency also produces or trades charcoal wool potatoes chilghozas and a few varieties of locally grown fruit Mining Edit There is hardly significant mining to be mentioned Coal mines have been discovered in the Wazir area of Neeli Kach Tehsil Wanna Copper is found in Preghal and Spin Kamar Chromite in area Sarah Khuara near Dre Nashter citation needed Places of interest EditWanna is the summer headquarters of the Agency It is an important tehsil and a camp similar to Razmak The population is mostly of Ahmadzai Wazirs It has a vast plain with extensive valleys surrounded on all sides by hills It is an important industrial and agricultural center Khaisur Osspass karama Ladha Makin Sararogha Azamwarsak and Angur Ada are also important places of the Agency Kaniguram is inhabited principally by a tribe called Burki There are some Mahsuds who also live there but no others Recently in a local clash the Malik din Khel clan of Mahsuds annexed many parts of Burkis on which the Malik Din Khels have built their own houses It is population wise the largest habitation in South Waziristan at 7 000 feet 2 100 m above sea level The tribesmen manufacture small arms and knives which are most known for their finish and performance and much liked by tourists and foreigners Administration EditThe civil administration of South Waziristan Agency has been functioning since 1895 under a Political Agent who administers civil criminal and revenue cases in accordance with the Frontier Crimes Regulations and Customary Law The Agency is divided into the three administrative subdivisions of Ladha Sarwakai and Wanna These three subdivisions are further divided into eight Tehsils Ladha Makin Sararogha Sarwakai Tiarza Wanna Barmal and Toi Khwla 6 7 The subdivision of Sarwakai is administered by Assistant Political Officer whereas the subdivisions of Ladha and Wanna are administered by Assistant Political Agents Each tehsil is headed by a Political Naib Tehsildar The Malik system introduced by the British government is functioning in the Agency Maliks used to work like media between administrations and the Qaum or Tribe A Maliki is hereditary and devolves on the son and his son so on and so forth for which regular benefits and subsidies are sanctioned from time to time Lungi system known as Sufaid Resh is slightly lower form of Maliki Provincial Assembly Edit Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency YearHafiz Islam Uddin Jamiat Ulema e Islam F PK 113 South Waziristan I 2018Naseer Ullah Khan Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf PK 114 South Waziristan II 2018Pakistan s new Waziristan strategy EditOn June 4 2007 the National Security Council of Pakistan met to decide the fate of Waziristan and take up a number of political and administrative decisions to control Talibanization of the area The meeting was chaired by President Pervez Musharraf and it was attended by the Chief Ministers and Governors of all four provinces They discussed the deteriorating law and order situation and the threat posed to state security The government decided to take a number of actions to stop the Talibanization and crush the armed militancy in the Tribal regions and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa The NSC of Pakistan has decided the following actions will be taken to achieve the goals Deployment of unmanned reconnaissance planes Strengthening law enforcement agencies with advanced equipment Deployment of more troops to the region Operations against militants on fast track basis Focused operations against militant commanders Action against madrasahs preaching militancy Appointment of regional coordinators Fresh recruitment of police officers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa The Ministry of Interior has played a large part in the information gathering for the operations against militants and their institutions The Ministry of Interior has prepared a list of militant commanders operating in the region and they have also prepared a list of seminaries for monitoring The government is also trying to strengthen the law enforcement in the area by providing Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police with weapons bulletproof jackets and night vision devices The paramilitary Frontier Corps will be provided with artillery and Armored Personnel Carriers APCs The state agencies are also studying ways to block broadcasting of illegal FM radio channels 8 A major military offensive was launched in the area by the Pakistani army on 17 October 2009 ISPR on 2 November told the media about involvement of Indian s in South Waziristan had been found 9 The Taliban has been dislodged from the area However reports that appeared in 2012 suggested that only one out of six subdivisions has been de notified as conflict zone Army has control over the main roads and strategic hilltops while TTP militants have safe havens in the valleys 10 See also EditBattle of WannaReferences Edit a b DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP PDF PDF www pbscensus gov pk 2018 01 03 Retrieved 2018 03 25 For FATA residents the good news may be short lived Daily Times dailytimes com pk 29 May 2018 Retrieved 30 May 2018 a b c Tribe Ahmadzai Wazir PDF Naval Postgraduate School Cite journal requires journal help 1998 Census report of South Waziristan Agency Census publication 142 Islamabad Population Census Organization Statistics Division Government of Pakistan 2000 p 18 Ormuri language at Ethnologue 19th ed 2016 Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics Government of Pakistan Administrative Units of Pakistan Tehsils Talukas FATA Official Web Portal About South Waziristan Geography Khan Ismail 2007 Plan ready to curb militancy in Fata settled areas Newsweek international edition Dawn com Archived from the original on July 22 2010 Retrieved 2007 06 27 Wn com South Waziristan DG ISPR Press Briefing Operation Rah e Nijat Underway In SWA Cite journal requires journal help Dawn South Waziristan operation Only Sararogha cleared in three years Cite journal requires journal help External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to South Waziristan District Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Waziristan Encyclopaedia Britannica 28 11th ed Cambridge University Press pp 435 436 This includes an Empire centric view of the politics and demographics Waziristan and Mughal empire Nehru in Waziristan Sketch map of Waziristan Mehsuds and Wazirs the King makers in a game of thrones Lawrence of Arabia in Waziristan Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title South Waziristan District amp oldid 1052178850, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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