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Southern England

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Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of its southernmost part, with cultural, economic and political differences from the Midlands and the North. The area includes Greater London, the South East, the West Country (or the South West), and the East (sometimes referred to as East Anglia). The distinction between the south and rest of England and Great Britain is sometimes referred to as the north–south divide. With a population of nearly 28 million; and an area of 62,042 square kilometres (23,955 sq mi), the south accounts for roughly 40% of the population of the United Kingdom and approximately 25% of its area.

Southern England
South of England
Super-region of England
Nickname(s):
The South
In this image, official definitions of Southern England are illustrated as yellow.
Sovereign state
Country
10 largest Settlements in order of population
Area
• Total62,042 km2 (23,955 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
• Total27,945,000
• Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Urban
22,806,000
Rural
5,139,000
Demonym(s)Southerner
Time zoneGMT (UTC)
• Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)

Contents

For official purposes, the UK government does not refer to the Southern England as a single entity, but the Office for National Statistics divides UK into twelve regions. In England, the North West, North East and Yorkshire and the Humber make up the North ("centre-north"); the West Midlands and East Midlands (as well as Wales) make up the Midlands ("centre-south") and the rest of England make up the South.

Culturally speaking, the majority of people think that the South consists of the South West (87%), South East (92%), Greater London (88%) and to lesser extent the East of England (57%). However, 35% of people surveyed placed the East of England as part of the Midlands. Generally people in the North tend to put the East of England in the South more than people in the South or Midlands.[citation needed]

Further information: Geography of England

The South has a land border with the English Midlands and a sea border with France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

The South is generally more low-lying than the North. There are a number of notable hill ranges, such as the Cotswolds and the Chilterns. Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and Somerset form a peninsula extending towards the Atlantic.

London is the largest city in the South of England and is the capital of the United Kingdom. The London Metropolitan Area has a population of 14.2 million (2019), making it the largest metropolitan area in Europe.

Language

English

English is the native language of the English people and the main language spoken in the South.

The South of England has a dialect and accent distinct from that of other parts of the UK. Due to the prominence of the South in media and politics, Standard British English is largely based on the English spoken in the South. For example, the standard British accent, Received Pronunciation, is very similar to the educated speech of London, Oxford and Cambridge.

Cornish

Cornish is a revived language and is an important part of the identity and culture of the Cornish people.

People

People often apply the terms "southern" and "south" loosely, without deeper consideration of the geographical identities of Southern England. This can cause confusion over the depth of affiliation between its areas. As in much of the rest of England, people tend to have a deeper affiliation to their county or city. Thus, residents of Essex are unlikely to feel much affinity with people in Oxfordshire. Similarly, there is a strong distinction between natives of the south-west and south-east. The broadcaster Stuart Maconie has noted that culturally "there's a bottom half of England [...] but there isn't a south in the same way that there's a north".

Health

Life expectancy at birth in England and Wales 2012 to 2014. Lighter colours indicate longer life expectancy.

One major manifestation of the North–South divide is in health and life expectancy statistics. All three Northern England statistical regions have lower than average life expectancies and higher than average rates of cancer, circulatory disease and respiratory disease. The South of England has a higher life expectancy than the North, however, regional differences do seem to be slowly narrowing: between 1991–1993 and 2012–2014, life expectancy in the North East increased by 6.0 years and in the North West by 5.8 years, the fastest increase in any region outside London, and the gap between life expectancy in the North East and South East is now 2.5 years, down from 2.9 in 1993. Furthermore, all such figures represent an average – affluent northern towns such as Harrogate have higher life expectancies than less affluent areas of the South such as Southampton or Plymouth.

The South of England has a number of world-renowned universities, such as the ancient universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and many Russell Group universities, such as Imperial College London, University of Exeter and the London School of Economics.

Rugby

The sport of rugby experienced a schism in 1895 with many teams based in Yorkshire, Lancashire and surrounding areas breaking from the Rugby Football Union and forming their own League. The disagreement that led to the split was over the issue of professional payments, and "broken time" or injury payments. There is a perception that league is the code of rugby played in the north, whilst union is the code played in the south. One of the biggest derbies in Southern England is the West Country derby (Bath v Gloucester).

Football

The South Coast Derby is used to describe football matches played mainly between Portsmouth Football Club and Southampton Football Club.

However, in Portsmouth's absence from top flight football, AFC Bournemouth and Brighton and Hove Albion – based about 30 miles (48 km) and 60 miles (97 km) from Southampton respectively – gained promotion to the Premier League, with some media outlets marketing fixtures against them as a South Coast derby;

Other major derbies in Southern England are West Country derbies and London derbies.

Regions

Southern England consists of four regions: the East of England, London, South East and South West.

Ceremonial counties

In many definitions, Southern England includes many counties on/near the English Channel. Ceremonial counties are:

Western:


Southern:

Eastern:

  • Essex
  • Norfolk
  • Suffolk

Those Counties that compose the West Country consider themselves to be of a distinctive area and history somewhat separate to "Southern Counties", and similarly, East Anglia has a distinctive history and regional identity.

The northern boundary is generally taken to correspond to an imaginary line from the Severn Estuary in the West to the Wash in the East (or expressed in terms of towns, from Gloucester to King's Lynn).

Historic counties

The historic counties ceased to be used for any administrative purpose in 1899 but remain important to some people, notably for county cricket.

  1. "United Kingdom, NUTS 2013"(PDF). Eurostat.
  2. "What regions make up the North and South of England? | YouGov". yougov.co.uk. Retrieved19 December 2020.
  3. "Eurostat - Data Explorer". 2020. Retrieved19 December 2020.
  4. Robinson, Jonnie. "Received Pronunciation". British Library. Retrieved22 November 2019.
  5. "Funding boost to safeguard Cornish language announced". GOV.UK. Retrieved19 December 2020.
  6. Maconie, Stuart (2007). Pies and Prejudice: In Search of the North. Ebury Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-09-191022-8.
  7. Kirk, Ashley (15 September 2015). "Life expectancy increases to 81 years old - but north-south divide remains". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved14 March 2017.
  8. Ellis, Amy; Fry, Robert (2010). "Regional health inequalities in England"(PDF). Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original(PDF) on 5 January 2016. Retrieved14 March 2017.
  9. Olatunde, Olugbenga (4 November 2015). "Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales: 2012 to 2014". Office of National Statistics. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved14 March 2017.
  10. "Gloucester v Bath: The legend of the West County derby". BBC Sport. 11 April 2014. Retrieved23 April 2015.
  11. AFC Bournemouth: What should we call the derby between Cherries and Southampton?, Bournemouth Daily Echo, 30 October 2015
  12. Southampton snatch equaliser against Brighton in the south coast derby but remain in the relegation zone, The Independent, 31 January 2018
  13. Bournemouth against Southampton the “other” South Coast Derby, Vital Football, 18 October 2018
  14. "London derbies ranked on ferocity of rivalry, including Tottenham v Arsenal and West Ham v Chelsea". TalkSport. Retrieved21 February 2017.
  15. "The 10 biggest rivalries in London football". The Telegraph. Retrieved22 February 2017.

Southern England
Southern England Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from South of England This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Southern England news newspapers books scholar JSTOR August 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Southern England or the South of England also known as the South is an area of England consisting of its southernmost part with cultural economic and political differences from the Midlands and the North The area includes Greater London the South East the West Country or the South West and the East sometimes referred to as East Anglia The distinction between the south and rest of England and Great Britain is sometimes referred to as the north south divide With a population of nearly 28 million and an area of 62 042 square kilometres 23 955 sq mi the south accounts for roughly 40 of the population of the United Kingdom and approximately 25 of its area Southern England South of EnglandSuper region of EnglandNickname s The SouthIn this image official definitions of Southern England are illustrated as yellow Sovereign state United KingdomCountry England10 largest Settlements in order of populationLondonBristolSouthamptonPortsmouthBrightonReadingPlymouthMilton KeynesSwindonLutonArea Total62 042 km2 23 955 sq mi Population 2011 Total27 945 000 Density450 km2 1 200 sq mi Urban22 806 000 Rural5 139 000Demonym s SouthernerTime zoneGMT UTC Summer DST UTC 1 BST Contents 1 Definitions 2 Geography 3 Demographics 3 1 Language 3 1 1 English 3 1 2 Cornish 3 2 People 3 3 Health 4 Education 5 Sport 5 1 Rugby 5 2 Football 6 Divisions 6 1 Regions 6 2 Ceremonial counties 6 3 Historic counties 7 See also 8 ReferencesDefinitions EditFor official purposes the UK government does not refer to the Southern England as a single entity but the Office for National Statistics divides UK into twelve regions In England the North West North East and Yorkshire and the Humber make up the North centre north the West Midlands and East Midlands as well as Wales make up the Midlands centre south and the rest of England make up the South 1 Culturally speaking the majority of people think that the South consists of the South West 87 South East 92 Greater London 88 and to lesser extent the East of England 57 2 However 35 of people surveyed placed the East of England as part of the Midlands Generally people in the North tend to put the East of England in the South more than people in the South or Midlands citation needed Geography EditFurther information Geography of England The South has a land border with the English Midlands and a sea border with France Belgium and the Netherlands The South is generally more low lying than the North There are a number of notable hill ranges such as the Cotswolds and the Chilterns Cornwall Devon Dorset and Somerset form a peninsula extending towards the Atlantic London is the largest city in the South of England and is the capital of the United Kingdom The London Metropolitan Area has a population of 14 2 million 2019 making it the largest metropolitan area in Europe 3 Demographics EditLanguage Edit English Edit Further information British English in Southern England English is the native language of the English people and the main language spoken in the South The South of England has a dialect and accent distinct from that of other parts of the UK Due to the prominence of the South in media and politics Standard British English is largely based on the English spoken in the South For example the standard British accent Received Pronunciation is very similar to the educated speech of London Oxford and Cambridge 4 Cornish Edit Cornish is a revived language and is an important part of the identity and culture of the Cornish people 5 People Edit People often apply the terms southern and south loosely without deeper consideration of the geographical identities of Southern England This can cause confusion over the depth of affiliation between its areas As in much of the rest of England people tend to have a deeper affiliation to their county or city Thus residents of Essex are unlikely to feel much affinity with people in Oxfordshire Similarly there is a strong distinction between natives of the south west and south east The broadcaster Stuart Maconie has noted that culturally there s a bottom half of England but there isn t a south in the same way that there s a north 6 Health Edit Life expectancy at birth in England and Wales 2012 to 2014 Lighter colours indicate longer life expectancy One major manifestation of the North South divide is in health and life expectancy statistics 7 All three Northern England statistical regions have lower than average life expectancies and higher than average rates of cancer circulatory disease and respiratory disease 8 9 The South of England has a higher life expectancy than the North however regional differences do seem to be slowly narrowing between 1991 1993 and 2012 2014 life expectancy in the North East increased by 6 0 years and in the North West by 5 8 years the fastest increase in any region outside London and the gap between life expectancy in the North East and South East is now 2 5 years down from 2 9 in 1993 9 Furthermore all such figures represent an average affluent northern towns such as Harrogate have higher life expectancies than less affluent areas of the South such as Southampton or Plymouth Education EditThe South of England has a number of world renowned universities such as the ancient universities of Oxford and Cambridge and many Russell Group universities such as Imperial College London University of Exeter and the London School of Economics Sport EditRugby Edit See also History of rugby union The sport of rugby experienced a schism in 1895 with many teams based in Yorkshire Lancashire and surrounding areas breaking from the Rugby Football Union and forming their own League The disagreement that led to the split was over the issue of professional payments and broken time or injury payments There is a perception that league is the code of rugby played in the north whilst union is the code played in the south One of the biggest derbies in Southern England is the West Country derby Bath v Gloucester 10 Football Edit The South Coast Derby is used to describe football matches played mainly between Portsmouth Football Club and Southampton Football Club However in Portsmouth s absence from top flight football AFC Bournemouth and Brighton and Hove Albion based about 30 miles 48 km and 60 miles 97 km from Southampton respectively gained promotion to the Premier League with some media outlets marketing fixtures against them as a South Coast derby 11 12 13 Other major derbies in Southern England are West Country derbies and London derbies 14 15 Divisions EditRegions Edit Southern England consists of four regions the East of England London South East and South West Ceremonial counties Edit In many definitions Southern England includes many counties on near the English Channel Ceremonial counties are Western Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset Gloucestershire Hampshire Isle of Wight Southern West Sussex East Sussex Kent Berkshire Surrey Greater London Eastern Essex Norfolk Suffolk Those Counties that compose the West Country consider themselves to be of a distinctive area and history somewhat separate to Southern Counties and similarly East Anglia has a distinctive history and regional identity The northern boundary is generally taken to correspond to an imaginary line from the Severn Estuary in the West to the Wash in the East or expressed in terms of towns from Gloucester to King s Lynn Historic counties Edit Main article Historic counties of England The historic counties ceased to be used for any administrative purpose in 1899 but remain important to some people notably for county cricket Bedfordshire Berkshire Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cornwall Devon Dorset Essex Gloucestershire Hampshire Hertfordshire Huntingdonshire Kent Middlesex Norfolk Oxfordshire Somerset Suffolk Surrey Sussex WiltshireSee also EditConstitutional status of Cornwall European Parliament constituencies in the United Kingdom Home Counties North South divide in England North South divide in the United Kingdom Regions of England Subdivisions of England LloegyrReferences Edit United Kingdom NUTS 2013 PDF Eurostat What regions make up the North and South of England YouGov yougov co uk Retrieved 19 December 2020 Eurostat Data Explorer 2020 Retrieved 19 December 2020 Robinson Jonnie Received Pronunciation British Library Retrieved 22 November 2019 Funding boost to safeguard Cornish language announced GOV UK Retrieved 19 December 2020 Maconie Stuart 2007 Pies and Prejudice In Search of the North Ebury Press p 1 ISBN 978 0 09 191022 8 Kirk Ashley 15 September 2015 Life expectancy increases to 81 years old but north south divide remains Daily Telegraph Archived from the original on 15 March 2017 Retrieved 14 March 2017 Ellis Amy Fry Robert 2010 Regional health inequalities in England PDF Office for National Statistics Archived from the original PDF on 5 January 2016 Retrieved 14 March 2017 a b Olatunde Olugbenga 4 November 2015 Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales 2012 to 2014 Office of National Statistics Archived from the original on 15 March 2017 Retrieved 14 March 2017 Gloucester v Bath The legend of the West County derby BBC Sport 11 April 2014 Retrieved 23 April 2015 AFC Bournemouth What should we call the derby between Cherries and Southampton Bournemouth Daily Echo 30 October 2015 Southampton snatch equaliser against Brighton in the south coast derby but remain in the relegation zone The Independent 31 January 2018 Bournemouth against Southampton the other South Coast Derby Vital Football 18 October 2018 London derbies ranked on ferocity of rivalry including Tottenham v Arsenal and West Ham v Chelsea TalkSport Retrieved 21 February 2017 The 10 biggest rivalries in London football The Telegraph Retrieved 22 February 2017 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Southern England amp oldid 1043714100, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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