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Southeast Africa

Southeast Africa or Southeastern Africa is an African region that is intermediate between East Africa and Southern Africa. It comprises the countries Botswana, Burundi, Eswatini, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe in the mainland, with the island-nations of Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Comoros, and Mayotte also included.

Prehistory

East and southern Africa are among the earliest regions where modern humans (Homo sapiens) and their predecessors are believed to have lived. In September 2019, scientists reported the computerized determination, based on 260 CT scans, of a virtual skull shape of the last common human ancestor to modern humans/H. sapiens, representative of the earliest modern humans, and suggested that modern humans arose between 350,000 and 260,000 years ago through a merging of populations in South and East Africa.

Bantu expansion

Further information: Bantu peoples § History

Bantu-speakers traversed from Central Africa into Southeast Africa approximately 3,000 years ago.

Swahili coast

Urewe

Main article: Urewe § Chronology

Madagascar

Main article: History of Madagascar
Further information: Merina people § History

Kitara and Bunyoro

Lake Plateau states and empires

Buganda

Main article: History of Buganda
Further information: Kabaka of Buganda

Rwanda

Burundi

Further information: List of Kings of Burundi

Maravi

Main article: Maravi

Modern history

Further information: Decolonisation of Africa and Neocolonialism

In the 19th and 20th centuries, David Livingstone and Frederick Courtney Selous visited Southeast Africa. The latter wrote down his experiences in the book Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa.

People include the San people. The Swahili language is spoken, both as an official language and lingua franca, by millions of people.

Art

Architecture

Clothing

Cuisine

Music

Religion

Film industry

Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain

Lake Malawi and Limpopo River are located in Southeast Africa.

Natural Disasters

Further information: 2015 Southeast Africa floods
Lion in Masai Mara, Kenya

Fauna includes the cheetah, leopard, lion, Nile crocodile, hyena, Lichtenstein's hartebeest and white rhinoceros.

  1. Though this reference includes Namibia, it was previously referred to as "Southwest Africa" due to its location.
  2. East Africa at least partially includes Northeast Africa.
  3. Southern Africa includes what was known as Southwest Africa.
  1. Axworthy, Mary (2004). Sowell, Teri L. (ed.). Asking for Eyes: The Visual Voice of Southeast Africa. University Art Gallery, San Diego State University. ISBN 0937097012.
  2. Wieschhoff, H. A. (2013). The Zimbabwe-Monomotapa Culture in Southeast Africa. Literary Licensing L. L. C. ISBN 978-1494009939.
  3. Schlebusch, C. M.; Prins, F.; Lombard, M.; Jakobsson, M.; Soodyall, H. (2016). "The disappearing San of southeastern Africa and their genetic affinities". Human Genetics. 135 (12): 1365–1373. doi:10.1007/s00439-016-1729-8. PMC5065584. PMID 27651137.
  4. "Southeastern Africa: South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, and Malawi", World Wildlife Fund, retrieved30 April 2018
  5. Turok, Ben (1990). Witness from the frontline: aggression and resistance in Southern Africa. Institute for African Alternatives. p. 86. ISBN 187042512X.
  6. Jama, Abdillahi H. (2002). "11". Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history. pp. 303–322. ISBN 1135434166.
  7. Bechaus-Gerst, Marianne; Blench, Roger (2014). "11". In Kevin MacDonald (ed.). The Origins and Development of African Livestock: Archaeology, Genetics, Linguistics and Ethnography – "Linguistic evidence for the prehistory of livestock in Sudan" (2000). Routledge. p. 453. Retrieved15 September 2014.
  8. Klopper, S., Conru, K., and Nel, K. (2002). The Art of Southeast Africa: From the Conru Collection. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 8874390017.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  9. "Malawi", Merriam-Webster, retrieved29 April 2018
  10. "Bantu Ethnicity in South East Africa: From Kenya to the Southern Tip of Africa". Ancestry.com. Retrieved29 April 2018.
  11. "Mozambique", Merriam-Webster, retrieved29 April 2018
  12. "Tracing African Roots: Exploring the Ethnic Origins of the Afro-Diaspora". Tracing African Roots. Retrieved29 April 2018.
  13. Fry, Kathie. "Southeast African Countries". Do It in Africa. Retrieved19 April 2018.
  14. Zimmer, Carl (10 September 2019). "Scientists Find the Skull of Humanity's Ancestor — on a Computer – By comparing fossils and CT scans, researchers say they have reconstructed the skull of the last common forebear of modern humans". The New York Times. Retrieved10 September 2019.
  15. Mounier, Aurélien; Lahr, Marta (2019). "Deciphering African late middle Pleistocene hominin diversity and the origin of our species". Nature Communications. 10 (1): 3406. Bibcode:2019NatCo..10.3406M. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11213-w. PMC6736881. PMID 31506422.
  16. Douglas, John (Summer 1998). "Malawi: The Lake of Stars". Travel Africa (4). Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved22 August 2008.
  17. Selous, F. C. (2011). "XXV". Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 445. ISBN 978-1108031165.
  18. Irele 2010
  19. "Freshwater Fish Species in Lake Malawi (Nyasa) [Southeast Africa]". Fishbase.org. Mongabay. 15 November 2001. Retrieved9 December 2016.
  20. "Limpopo River", Encyclopædia Britannica, retrieved29 April 2018
  21. Jackson, D. (2010). "Introduction". Lion. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 1–21. ISBN 978-1861897350.

Southeast Africa
Southeast Africa Language Watch Edit Southeast Africa 1 2 or Southeastern Africa 3 a is an African region that is intermediate between East Africa b and Southern Africa c 8 It comprises the countries Botswana Burundi Eswatini Kenya Lesotho Malawi 9 Mozambique 10 11 Tanzania South Africa Uganda 12 Zambia and Zimbabwe 13 in the mainland with the island nations of Madagascar Mauritius Reunion Comoros and Mayotte also included 10 Lake Malawi in 1967 Contents 1 History 1 1 Prehistory 1 2 Bantu expansion 1 3 Swahili coast 1 4 Urewe 1 5 Madagascar 1 6 Kitara and Bunyoro 1 7 Lake Plateau states and empires 1 7 1 Buganda 1 7 2 Rwanda 1 7 3 Burundi 1 7 4 Maravi 1 8 Modern history 2 Demographics and languages 3 Culture 3 1 Art 3 2 Architecture 3 3 Clothing 3 4 Cuisine 3 5 Music 3 6 Religion 3 7 Film industry 4 Science and technology 5 Health 6 Geography 7 Climate 7 1 Natural Disasters 8 Wildlife 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External linksHistory EditFurther information History of Africa Southeast Africa Sub Saharan Africa Southeast Africa African empires East Africa African empires Southern Africa List of kingdoms in pre colonial Africa East Africa and List of kingdoms in pre colonial Africa Southern Africa Prehistory Edit East and southern Africa are among the earliest regions where modern humans Homo sapiens and their predecessors are believed to have lived In September 2019 scientists reported the computerized determination based on 260 CT scans of a virtual skull shape of the last common human ancestor to modern humans H sapiens representative of the earliest modern humans and suggested that modern humans arose between 350 000 and 260 000 years ago through a merging of populations in South and East Africa 14 15 Bantu expansion Edit Main article Bantu expansion Expansion Further information Bantu peoples History Bantu speakers traversed from Central Africa into Southeast Africa approximately 3 000 years ago 10 Swahili coast Edit Main article Swahili coast History Urewe Edit Main article Urewe Chronology Madagascar Edit Main article History of Madagascar Further information Merina people History Kitara and Bunyoro Edit Main articles Empire of Kitara Founding and Bunyoro History Lake Plateau states and empires Edit Main articles History of Buganda and Karagwe District History Buganda Edit Main article History of Buganda Further information Kabaka of Buganda Rwanda Edit Main article Kingdom of Rwanda Pre colonization Burundi Edit Main article Kingdom of Burundi History Further information List of Kings of Burundi Maravi Edit Main article Maravi Modern history Edit Further information Decolonisation of Africa and Neocolonialism In the 19th and 20th centuries David Livingstone 16 and Frederick Courtney Selous visited Southeast Africa The latter wrote down his experiences in the book Travel and Adventure in South East Africa 17 Demographics and languages EditFurther information Demographics of Africa List of African countries by population List of ethnic groups of Africa Southeast Africa and African diaspora See also Indian diaspora in Southeast Africa and Southeast Africans in the United States People include the San people 3 The Swahili language is spoken both as an official language and lingua franca by millions of people 18 Culture EditArt Edit Further information African art East Africa and African art Southern Africa Architecture Edit Further information Architecture of Africa East Africa and Architecture of Africa Southern Africa Clothing Edit Further information Folk costume Eastern Africa and Folk costume Southern Africa Cuisine Edit Further information African cuisine East Africa African cuisine Southern Africa List of African cuisines East African cuisine and List of African cuisines Southern African cuisine Music Edit Further information Music of Africa West Central Southeast and South Africa Sub Saharan African music traditions East Africa and Sub Saharan African music traditions Southern Africa Religion Edit Further information Traditional African religions East Africa Traditional African religions Southern Africa Islam in Africa Christianity in Africa and Religion in Africa Film industry Edit Further information Cinema of Africa East Africa and Cinema of Africa Southern AfricaScience and technology EditFurther information History of science and technology in Africa East Africa and History of science and technology in Africa Southern AfricaHealth EditFurther information Mental health in Southeast AfricaGeography Edit Mount Kilimanjaro Africa s highest mountain Lake Malawi 16 19 and Limpopo River 20 are located in Southeast Africa Climate EditNatural Disasters Edit Further information 2015 Southeast Africa floodsWildlife Edit Lion in Masai Mara Kenya Fauna 17 includes the cheetah leopard lion 21 Nile crocodile hyena Lichtenstein s hartebeest and white rhinoceros See also EditMozambique Channel Sub Saharan AfricaNotes Edit Though this reference 4 includes Namibia it was previously referred to as Southwest Africa 5 due to its location East Africa at least partially includes Northeast Africa 6 7 Southern Africa includes what was known as Southwest Africa 5 References Edit Axworthy Mary 2004 Sowell Teri L ed Asking for Eyes The Visual Voice of Southeast Africa University Art Gallery San Diego State University ISBN 0937097012 Wieschhoff H A 2013 The Zimbabwe Monomotapa Culture in Southeast Africa Literary Licensing L L C ISBN 978 1494009939 a b Schlebusch C M Prins F Lombard M Jakobsson M Soodyall H 2016 The disappearing San of southeastern Africa and their genetic affinities Human Genetics 135 12 1365 1373 doi 10 1007 s00439 016 1729 8 PMC 5065584 PMID 27651137 Southeastern Africa South Africa Mozambique Botswana Zambia Zimbabwe Swaziland Namibia and Malawi World Wildlife Fund retrieved 30 April 2018 a b Turok Ben 1990 Witness from the frontline aggression and resistance in Southern Africa Institute for African Alternatives p 86 ISBN 187042512X Jama Abdillahi H 2002 11 Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history pp 303 322 ISBN 1135434166 Bechaus Gerst Marianne Blench Roger 2014 11 In Kevin MacDonald ed The Origins and Development of African Livestock Archaeology Genetics Linguistics and Ethnography Linguistic evidence for the prehistory of livestock in Sudan 2000 Routledge p 453 Retrieved 15 September 2014 Klopper S Conru K and Nel K 2002 The Art of Southeast Africa From the Conru Collection Harry N Abrams ISBN 8874390017 CS1 maint uses authors parameter link Malawi Merriam Webster retrieved 29 April 2018 a b c Bantu Ethnicity in South East Africa From Kenya to the Southern Tip of Africa Ancestry com Retrieved 29 April 2018 Mozambique Merriam Webster retrieved 29 April 2018 Tracing African Roots Exploring the Ethnic Origins of the Afro Diaspora Tracing African Roots Retrieved 29 April 2018 Fry Kathie Southeast African Countries Do It in Africa Retrieved 19 April 2018 Zimmer Carl 10 September 2019 Scientists Find the Skull of Humanity s Ancestor on a Computer By comparing fossils and CT scans researchers say they have reconstructed the skull of the last common forebear of modern humans The New York Times Retrieved 10 September 2019 Mounier Aurelien Lahr Marta 2019 Deciphering African late middle Pleistocene hominin diversity and the origin of our species Nature Communications 10 1 3406 Bibcode 2019NatCo 10 3406M doi 10 1038 s41467 019 11213 w PMC 6736881 PMID 31506422 a b Douglas John Summer 1998 Malawi The Lake of Stars Travel Africa 4 Archived from the original on 14 January 2009 Retrieved 22 August 2008 a b Selous F C 2011 XXV Travel and Adventure in South East Africa New York Cambridge University Press p 445 ISBN 978 1108031165 Irele 2010 Freshwater Fish Species in Lake Malawi Nyasa Southeast Africa Fishbase org Mongabay 15 November 2001 Retrieved 9 December 2016 Limpopo River Encyclopaedia Britannica retrieved 29 April 2018 Jackson D 2010 Introduction Lion London Reaktion Books pp 1 21 ISBN 978 1861897350 External links EditAfrica Southeastern Bantu DNA Ethnicity The Smithsonian Is Using a Swahili Speaking Robot to Break Down Language Fires in Southeast Africa and Madagascar including Mozambique s Gorongosa National Park Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Southeast Africa amp oldid 1034824449, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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