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Southern Oceanic languages

The Southern Oceanic languages are a linkage of Oceanic languages spoken in Vanuatu and New Caledonia. It was proposed by Lynch, Ross, and Crowley in 2002 and supported by later studies. They consider it to be a linkage rather than a language group with a clearly defined internal nested structure.

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Clark (2009) groups the North Vanuatu and Central Vanuatu languages together into a North–Central Vanuatu (NCV) group and also reconstructs Proto-North–Central Vanuatu, but this is not accepted by Lynch (2018).

In addition to the Reefs – Santa Cruz languages and the Meso-Melanesian languages of the western Solomon Islands, Geraghty (2017) notes that many Southern Oceanic languages are often lexically and typologically aberrant languages likely with Papuan substrata – particularly the Santo, Malakula, South Vanuatu, and New Caledonian languages, and perhaps also some Central Vanuatu languages of Ambrym and Efate.: 823–826 Nevertheless, languages in the eastern Solomon Islands, including Guadalcanal, Malaita, Makira, and adjacent islands, are much more conservative, and not as lexicaly aberrant as the Temotu languages and languages of the western Solomons.

Following Clark (2009) and Glottolog 4.0, four major groups can be delineated, which are North Vanuatu, Central Vanuatu, South Vanuatu, and New Caledonian. All four groups are linkages.

Lynch (1995)

Lynch (1995) tentatively grouped the languages as follows:

The non-nuclear branches are subsumed under Northern Vanuatu.

Ross, Pawley, & Osmond (2016)

Ross, Pawley, & Osmond (2016) propose the following internal classification for Southern Oceanic.: 10

  1. Clark, Ross (2009). Leo Tuai: A comparative lexical study of North and Central Vanuatu languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  2. Lynch, John (2018). "Final Consonants and the Status of Proto-North-Central Vanuatu"(PDF). Journal of the Linguistic Society of Papua New Guinea. 36. ISSN 0023-1959.
  3. Geraghty, Paul (2017). "Languages of Eastern Melanesia". In Hickey, Raymond (ed.). The Cambridge Handbook of Areal Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 821–851. doi:10.1017/9781107279872.030. ISBN 9781107279872.
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2019). "Glottolog". 4.0. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. François, Alexandre (2011), "Social ecology and language history in the northern Vanuatu linkage: A tale of divergence and convergence", Journal of Historical Linguistics, 1 (2): 175–246, doi:10.1075/jhl.1.2.03fra, hdl:1885/29283
  6. Tryon, Darrell. 2010. The languages of Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. In John Bowden and Nikolaus P. Himmelmann and Malcolm Ross (eds.), A journey through Austronesian and Papuan linguistic and cultural space: papers in honour of Andrew K. Pawley, 283-290. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
  7. Lynch, Ross, & Crowley (2002:112)
  8. Ross, Malcolm; Pawley, Andrew; Osmond, Meredith (eds). The lexicon of Proto Oceanic: The culture and environment of ancestral Oceanic society. Volume 5: People: body and mind. 2016. Asia-Pacific Linguistics (A-PL) 28.
  • Lynch, John, and Terry Crowley. 2001. Languages of Vanuatu: A New Survey and Bibliography. (Pacific Linguistics, 517.) Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
  • Lynch, John, Malcolm Ross & Terry Crowley. 2002. The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press.
  • Clark, Ross. 2009. *Leo Tuai: A comparative lexical study of North and Central Vanuatu languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics (Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University).

Southern Oceanic languages
Southern Oceanic languages Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Southern Oceanic languages are a linkage of Oceanic languages spoken in Vanuatu and New Caledonia It was proposed by Lynch Ross and Crowley in 2002 and supported by later studies They consider it to be a linkage rather than a language group with a clearly defined internal nested structure Southern OceanicGeographic distributionVanuatu New CaledoniaLinguistic classificationAustronesianMalayo PolynesianOceanicCentral EasternSouthern OceanicSubdivisionsNorth Vanuatu Central Vanuatu South Vanuatu New CaledonianGlottologNone Southern Oceanic Contents 1 Classification 2 Languages 2 1 Lynch 1995 2 2 Ross Pawley amp Osmond 2016 3 See also 4 ReferencesClassification EditClark 2009 groups the North Vanuatu and Central Vanuatu languages together into a North Central Vanuatu NCV group and also reconstructs Proto North Central Vanuatu 1 but this is not accepted by Lynch 2018 2 In addition to the Reefs Santa Cruz languages and the Meso Melanesian languages of the western Solomon Islands Geraghty 2017 notes that many Southern Oceanic languages are often lexically and typologically aberrant languages likely with Papuan substrata particularly the Santo Malakula South Vanuatu and New Caledonian languages and perhaps also some Central Vanuatu languages of Ambrym and Efate 3 823 826 Nevertheless languages in the eastern Solomon Islands including Guadalcanal Malaita Makira and adjacent islands are much more conservative and not as lexicaly aberrant as the Temotu languages and languages of the western Solomons Languages EditFollowing Clark 2009 and Glottolog 4 0 four major groups can be delineated which are North Vanuatu Central Vanuatu South Vanuatu and New Caledonian All four groups are linkages 1 4 North Vanuatu Torres Banks 5 Espiritu Santo 6 various others Central Vanuatu Malakula various others South Vanuatu New CaledonianLynch 1995 Edit Lynch 1995 tentatively grouped the languages as follows 7 Banks Torres family Northwest Santo family Southwest Santo family Sakao East Santo family Ambae Maewo family Nuclear Southern Oceanic linkage Central Vanuatu linkage Malekula Coastal Malekula Interior Pentecost Ambrym Paama Epi Efate Epi Shepherds North Efate South Efate Southern Melanesian linkage South Efate dialect network Southern Melanesian family Southern Vanuatu family New Caledonian family The non nuclear branches are subsumed under Northern Vanuatu Ross Pawley amp Osmond 2016 Edit Ross Pawley amp Osmond 2016 propose the following internal classification for Southern Oceanic 8 10 Southern Oceanic linkage North Vanuatu linkage Nuclear Southern Oceanic linkage Central Vanuatu linkage South Vanuatu languages Loyalties New Caledonia languagesSee also EditLanguages of VanuatuReferences Edit a b Clark Ross 2009 Leo Tuai A comparative lexical study of North and Central Vanuatu languages Canberra Pacific Linguistics Lynch John 2018 Final Consonants and the Status of Proto North Central Vanuatu PDF Journal of the Linguistic Society of Papua New Guinea 36 ISSN 0023 1959 Geraghty Paul 2017 Languages of Eastern Melanesia In Hickey Raymond ed The Cambridge Handbook of Areal Linguistics Cambridge Cambridge University Press pp 821 851 doi 10 1017 9781107279872 030 ISBN 9781107279872 Hammarstrom Harald Forkel Robert Haspelmath Martin eds 2019 Glottolog 4 0 Jena Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History Francois Alexandre 2011 Social ecology and language history in the northern Vanuatu linkage A tale of divergence and convergence Journal of Historical Linguistics 1 2 175 246 doi 10 1075 jhl 1 2 03fra hdl 1885 29283 Tryon Darrell 2010 The languages of Espiritu Santo Vanuatu In John Bowden and Nikolaus P Himmelmann and Malcolm Ross eds A journey through Austronesian and Papuan linguistic and cultural space papers in honour of Andrew K Pawley 283 290 Canberra Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies Australian National University Lynch Ross amp Crowley 2002 112 Ross Malcolm Pawley Andrew Osmond Meredith eds The lexicon of Proto Oceanic The culture and environment of ancestral Oceanic society Volume 5 People body and mind 2016 Asia Pacific Linguistics A PL 28 Lynch John and Terry Crowley 2001 Languages of Vanuatu A New Survey and Bibliography Pacific Linguistics 517 Canberra Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies Australian National University Lynch John Malcolm Ross amp Terry Crowley 2002 The Oceanic languages Richmond Surrey Curzon Press Clark Ross 2009 Leo Tuai A comparative lexical study of North and Central Vanuatu languages Canberra Pacific Linguistics Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies The Australian National University Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Southern Oceanic languages amp oldid 1026158478, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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