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Southwestern Front (Soviet Union)

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(February 2007) ()

The Southwestern Front was a front of the Red Army during the Second World War, formed thrice.

Southwestern Front
Active22 June 1941 – 12 July 1942
22 October 1942 – 20 October 1943
CountrySoviet Union
Branch Red Army
TypeArmy Group Command
SizeSeveral Armies
EngagementsWorld War II
Operation Barbarossa
Battle of Moscow
Second Battle of Kharkov
Operation Little Saturn
Third Battle of Kharkov
Donbass Strategic Offensive
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Semyon Timoshenko
Rodion Malinovsky

It was first created on June 22, 1941 from the Kiev Special Military District. The western boundary of the front in June 1941 was 865 km long, from the Pripyat River and the town of Wlodawa to the Prut River and the town of Lipkany at the border with Romania. It connected to the north with the Western Front, which extended to the Lithuanian border, and to the south with the Southern Front, which extended to the city of Odessa on the Black Sea.

Contents

The Southwestern Front was on the main axis of attack by the German Army Group South during Operation Barbarossa. At the outbreak of war with Germany, the Front was commanded by Mikhail Kirponos and contained the Soviet 5th, 6th, 26th, and 12th Armies along the frontier. 16th and 19th Armies were in reserve behind the forward forces. These forces took part in the tank battles in western Ukraine and were surrounded and destroyed at the Battle of Uman and the Battle of Kiev (1941) in August and September 1941. Kirponos himself was killed during the Battle of Kiev.

The Front was immediately re-established with new forces. During the period of the Battle of Moscow it was under the command of Marshal Timoshenko, and included from north to south the 40th, 21st, 38th and 6th Armies. It was formally disbanded on July 12, 1942 and the forces transferred to the Stalingrad Front and Southern Front.

The Front was reformed from reserve armies on October 22, 1942. It was renamed the 3rd Ukrainian Front on October 20, 1943. 3rd Ukrainian Front's first operations were the Battle of the Dnieper and the Battle of Kiev (1943).

Southwestern Front on 22 June 1941

Composition Subordinate Front units directly under Commander of the Front:

  • 31st Rifle Corps
193rd Rifle Division
195th Rifle Division
200th Rifle Division
  • 36th Rifle Corps:
140th Rifle Division
146th Rifle Division
228th Rifle Division
  • 49th Rifle Corps
190th Rifle Division
197th Rifle Division
199th Rifle Division
  • 55th Rifle Corps
130th Rifle Division
169th Rifle Division
189th Rifle Division
1st Airborne Infantry Brigade
204th Airborne Infantry Brigade
211th Airborne Infantry Brigade
  • Fortified Regions
1st Kiev
3rd Latichov
5th Khorosten
7th Novogrudok–Volynsk
13th Shepetovka
15th Ostropol
17th Izaslav
  • Front Artillery
5th Anti-Tank Brigade
205th Corps Artillery Regiment
207th Corps Artillery Regiment
368th Corps Artillery Regiment
457th Corps Artillery Regiment
458th Corps Artillery Regiment
507th Corps Artillery Regiment
543rd Corps Artillery Regiment
646th Corps Artillery Regiment
305th Cannon Artillery Regiment (RGK)
355th Cannon Artillery Regiment (RGK)
4th High Power Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
168th High Power Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
324th High Power Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
330th High Power Howitzer Regiment (RGk)
526th High Power Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
331st Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
376th Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
529th Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
538th Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
589th Howitzer Regiment (RGK)
34th Independent Special Artillery Division
245th Independent Special Artillery Division
315th Independent Special Artillery Division
316th Independent Special Artillery Division
263rd Independent Anti-Aircraft Artillery Division
3rd Air Defense Division
4th Air Defense Division
11th Air Defense Brigade
Air Defense Brigade Regions:
Stanislavov
Rovno
Zhitomir
Tarnopol
Vinnitsa
  • Front Tank/Mechanized Troops
19th Mechanized Corps:
40th Tank Division
43rd Tank Division
213th Mechanized Division
21st Motorcycle Regiment
24th Mechanized Corps:
45th Tank Division
49th Tank Division
216th Mechanized Division
17th Motorcycle Regiment
1st Independent Armoured Car Division
  • Front Air Forces
44th Fighter Aviation Division
64th Fighter Aviation Division
19th Bomber Aviation Division
62nd Bomber Aviation Division
14th Mixed Aviation Division
15th Mixed Aviation Division
16th Mixed Aviation Division
17th Mixed Aviation Division
63rd Mixed Aviation Division
36th Fighter Aviation Division (PVO)
315th Air Reconnaissance Regiment
316th Air Reconnaissance Regiment
  • Front Engineer Troops
45th Engineer Regiment
1st Pontoon Bridge Regiment
  1. Boevoi Sostav Sovietskoi Armii czast I juni-dekabr 1941 Moskva 1966 page 9
  • Boevoi Sostav Sovietskoi Armii Czast I 1941 goda juni–dekabr 1941 Moskva 1966 (Combat composition of the Soviet Army)
  • Solonin, Mark, 22 June 1941 Bocka i obruci czili Kogda naczalas Vielikaja Oteczestvennaja vojna 2004
  • Erickson, John, The Road to Stalingrad, Cassell Military Paperback, 2003
  • Fugate, Bryan & Dvoriecki, Lev, Thunder on the Dnepr Presidio Press

Southwestern Front (Soviet Union)
Southwestern Front Soviet Union Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Soviet Southwestern Front This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Southwestern Front Soviet Union news newspapers books scholar JSTOR February 2007 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Southwestern Front was a front of the Red Army during the Second World War formed thrice Southwestern FrontActive22 June 1941 12 July 1942 22 October 1942 20 October 1943Country Soviet UnionBranchRed ArmyTypeArmy Group CommandSizeSeveral ArmiesEngagementsWorld War II Operation Barbarossa Battle of Moscow Second Battle of Kharkov Operation Little Saturn Third Battle of Kharkov Donbass Strategic OffensiveCommandersNotable commandersSemyon Timoshenko Rodion Malinovsky It was first created on June 22 1941 from the Kiev Special Military District The western boundary of the front in June 1941 was 865 km long from the Pripyat River and the town of Wlodawa to the Prut River and the town of Lipkany at the border with Romania It connected to the north with the Western Front which extended to the Lithuanian border and to the south with the Southern Front which extended to the city of Odessa on the Black Sea Contents 1 Operational history 1 1 Southwestern Front on 22 June 1941 2 Commanders 3 References and notes 4 Further readingOperational history EditThe Southwestern Front was on the main axis of attack by the German Army Group South during Operation Barbarossa At the outbreak of war with Germany the Front was commanded by Mikhail Kirponos and contained the Soviet 5th 6th 26th and 12th Armies along the frontier 16th and 19th Armies were in reserve behind the forward forces These forces took part in the tank battles in western Ukraine and were surrounded and destroyed at the Battle of Uman and the Battle of Kiev 1941 in August and September 1941 Kirponos himself was killed during the Battle of Kiev The Front was immediately re established with new forces During the period of the Battle of Moscow it was under the command of Marshal Timoshenko and included from north to south the 40th 21st 38th and 6th Armies It was formally disbanded on July 12 1942 and the forces transferred to the Stalingrad Front and Southern Front The Front was reformed from reserve armies on October 22 1942 It was renamed the 3rd Ukrainian Front on October 20 1943 3rd Ukrainian Front s first operations were the Battle of the Dnieper and the Battle of Kiev 1943 Southwestern Front on 22 June 1941 Edit Composition Subordinate Front units directly under Commander of the Front 1 31st Rifle Corps193rd Rifle Division 195th Rifle Division 200th Rifle Division36th Rifle Corps 140th Rifle Division 146th Rifle Division 228th Rifle Division49th Rifle Corps190th Rifle Division 197th Rifle Division 199th Rifle Division55th Rifle Corps130th Rifle Division 169th Rifle Division 189th Rifle Division1st Airborne Corps1st Airborne Infantry Brigade 204th Airborne Infantry Brigade 211th Airborne Infantry BrigadeFortified Regions1st Kiev 3rd Latichov 5th Khorosten 7th Novogrudok Volynsk 13th Shepetovka 15th Ostropol 17th IzaslavFront Artillery5th Anti Tank Brigade 205th Corps Artillery Regiment 207th Corps Artillery Regiment 368th Corps Artillery Regiment 457th Corps Artillery Regiment 458th Corps Artillery Regiment 507th Corps Artillery Regiment 543rd Corps Artillery Regiment 646th Corps Artillery Regiment 305th Cannon Artillery Regiment RGK 355th Cannon Artillery Regiment RGK 4th High Power Howitzer Regiment RGK 168th High Power Howitzer Regiment RGK 324th High Power Howitzer Regiment RGK 330th High Power Howitzer Regiment RGk 526th High Power Howitzer Regiment RGK 331st Howitzer Regiment RGK 376th Howitzer Regiment RGK 529th Howitzer Regiment RGK 538th Howitzer Regiment RGK 589th Howitzer Regiment RGK 34th Independent Special Artillery Division 245th Independent Special Artillery Division 315th Independent Special Artillery Division 316th Independent Special Artillery Division 263rd Independent Anti Aircraft Artillery DivisionFront PVO3rd Air Defense Division 4th Air Defense Division 11th Air Defense Brigade Air Defense Brigade Regions Stanislavov Rovno Zhitomir Tarnopol Vinnitsa dd Front Tank Mechanized Troops19th Mechanized Corps 40th Tank Division 43rd Tank Division 213th Mechanized Division 21st Motorcycle Regiment dd 24th Mechanized Corps 45th Tank Division 49th Tank Division 216th Mechanized Division 17th Motorcycle Regiment dd 1st Independent Armoured Car DivisionFront Air Forces44th Fighter Aviation Division 64th Fighter Aviation Division 19th Bomber Aviation Division 62nd Bomber Aviation Division 14th Mixed Aviation Division 15th Mixed Aviation Division 16th Mixed Aviation Division 17th Mixed Aviation Division 63rd Mixed Aviation Division 36th Fighter Aviation Division PVO 315th Air Reconnaissance Regiment 316th Air Reconnaissance RegimentFront Engineer Troops45th Engineer Regiment 1st Pontoon Bridge RegimentCommanders EditColonel General Mikhail P Kirponos June 1941 September 1941 killed in action Marshal Semyon K Timoshenko September 1941 December 1941 April July 1942 Lieutenant General Fyodor Kostenko December 1941 April 1942 Lieutenant General Nikolai F Vatutin promoted to Colonel General in December 1942 October 1942 March 1943 Colonel General Rodion Ia Malinovsky March 1943 October 1943 References and notes Edit Boevoi Sostav Sovietskoi Armii czast I juni dekabr 1941 Moskva 1966 page 9Further reading EditBoevoi Sostav Sovietskoi Armii Czast I 1941 goda juni dekabr 1941 Moskva 1966 Combat composition of the Soviet Army Solonin Mark 22 June 1941 Bocka i obruci czili Kogda naczalas Vielikaja Oteczestvennaja vojna 2004 Erickson John The Road to Stalingrad Cassell Military Paperback 2003 Fugate Bryan amp Dvoriecki Lev Thunder on the Dnepr Presidio Press Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Southwestern Front Soviet Union amp oldid 987334361, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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