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This article is about putative vehicles for interstellar travel. For the SpaceX launch vehicle under development, see SpaceX Starship. For other uses, see Starship (disambiguation).

A starship, starcraft, or interstellar spacecraft is a theoretical spacecraft designed for traveling between planetary systems.

The term is mostly found in science fiction. Reference to a "star-ship" appears as early as 1882 in Oahspe: A New Bible.

While NASA's Voyager and Pioneer probes have traveled into local interstellar space, the purpose of these uncrewed craft was specifically interplanetary, and they are not predicted to reach another star system (although Voyager 1 will travel to within 1.7 light years of Gliese 445 in approximately 40,000 years). Several preliminary designs for starships have been undertaken through exploratory engineering, using feasibility studies with modern technology or technology thought likely to be available in the near future.

In April 2016, scientists announced Breakthrough Starshot, a Breakthrough Initiatives program, to develop a proof-of-concept fleet of small centimeter-sized light sail spacecraft named StarChip, capable of making the journey to Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system, at speeds of 20% and 15% of the speed of light, taking between 20 and 30 years to reach the star system, respectively, and about 4 years to notify Earth of a successful arrival.

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Artist's conception of British Interplanetary Society's Project Daedalus (1978), a fusion powered interstellar probe

To travel between stars in a reasonable time using rocket-like technology requires very high effective exhaust velocity jet and enormous energy to power this, such as might be provided by fusion power or antimatter.

There are very few scientific studies that investigate the issues in building a starship. Some examples of this include:

The Bussard ramjet is an idea to use nuclear fusion of interstellar gas to provide propulsion.

Examined in an October 1973 issue of Analog, the Enzmann Starship proposed using a 12,000-ton ball of frozen deuterium to power pulse propulsion units. Twice as long as the Empire State Building and assembled in-orbit, the proposed spacecraft would be part of a larger project preceded by interstellar probes and telescopic observation of target star systems.

The NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Program (1996–2002) was a professional scientific study examining advanced spacecraft propulsion systems.

A common science-fiction device is to posit a faster-than-light propulsion system (such as warp drive) or travel through hyperspace, although some posit starships as outfitted for centuries-long journeys of slower-than-light travel. Other designs posit a way to boost the ship to near-lightspeed, allowing relatively "quick" travel (i.e. decades, not centuries) to nearer stars. This results in a general categorization[according to whom?] of the kinds of starships:[citation needed]

  • Sleeper, which put their passengers into stasis during a long trip. This includes cryonics-based systems that freeze passengers for the duration of the journey.
  • Generation, in which the destination would be reached by descendants of the original passengers.
  • Relativistic, taking advantage of time dilation at close-to-light-speeds, so long trips will seem much shorter (but still take the same amount of time for outside observers).
  • Faster-than-light (FTL), which can move between places very quickly (using inter-dimensional shortcuts or wormholes).

Theoretical possibilities

The Alcubierre drive is a speculative warp drive conjectured by Mexican physicist Miguel Alcubierre in a 1994 paper which has not been peer-reviewed. The paper suggests that space itself could be topographically warped to create a local region of spacetime wherein the region ahead of the "warp bubble" is compressed, allowed to resume normalcy within the bubble, and then rapidly expanded behind the bubble creating an effect that results in apparent FTL travel, all in a manner consistent with the Einstein field equations of general relativity and without the introduction of wormholes. However, the actual construction of such a drive would face other serious theoretical difficulties.

There are widely known vessels in various science fiction franchises. The most prominent cultural use and one of the earliest common uses of the term starship was in Star Trek: The Original Series.

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  2. "Oahspe - Index". gailallen.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved2015-11-30.; "Oahspe - Book of Divinity: Chapter XVI". gailallen.com. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved2015-11-30.
  3. "Voyager 1 Has Date with a Star in 40,000 Years". Space.com. Archived from the original on 2015-07-24. Retrieved2015-07-24.
  4. Gilster, Paul (12 April 2016). "Breakthrough Starshot: Mission to Alpha Centauri". Centauri Dreams. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved14 April 2016.
  5. Overbye, Dennis (12 April 2016). "A Visionary Project Aims for Alpha Centauri, a Star 4.37 Light-Years Away". New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved12 April 2016.
  6. Stone, Maddie (12 April 2016). "Stephen Hawking and a Russian Billionaire Want to Build an Interstellar Starship". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved12 April 2016.
  7. Staff (12 April 2016). "Breakthrough Starshot". Breakthrough Initiatives. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved12 April 2016.
  8. Alcubierre, Miguel (1994). "The warp drive: hyper-fast travel within general relativity". Classical and Quantum Gravity. Institute of Physics. 11 (5): L73–L77. arXiv:gr-qc/0009013. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/11/5/001. S2CID 4797900. (Letter to the Editor)
  9. Alcubierre, Miguel (5 September 2000). "The warp drive: hyper-fast travel within general relativity". Classical and Quantum Gravity. 11 (5): L73–L77. arXiv:gr-qc/0009013. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/11/5/001. S2CID 4797900.

Starship Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about putative vehicles for interstellar travel For the SpaceX launch vehicle under development see SpaceX Starship For other uses see Starship disambiguation A starship starcraft or interstellar spacecraft is a theoretical spacecraft designed for traveling between planetary systems 1 The term is mostly found in science fiction Reference to a star ship appears as early as 1882 in Oahspe A New Bible 2 While NASA s Voyager and Pioneer probes have traveled into local interstellar space the purpose of these uncrewed craft was specifically interplanetary and they are not predicted to reach another star system although Voyager 1 will travel to within 1 7 light years of Gliese 445 in approximately 40 000 years 3 Several preliminary designs for starships have been undertaken through exploratory engineering using feasibility studies with modern technology or technology thought likely to be available in the near future In April 2016 scientists announced Breakthrough Starshot a Breakthrough Initiatives program to develop a proof of concept fleet of small centimeter sized light sail spacecraft named StarChip 4 capable of making the journey to Alpha Centauri the nearest star system at speeds of 20 5 6 and 15 7 of the speed of light taking between 20 and 30 years to reach the star system respectively and about 4 years to notify Earth of a successful arrival Contents 1 Research 2 Fictional types 2 1 Theoretical possibilities 3 Fictional examples 3 1 Individual ships 3 2 Groups of ships 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksResearch Edit Artist s conception of British Interplanetary Society s Project Daedalus 1978 a fusion powered interstellar probe To travel between stars in a reasonable time using rocket like technology requires very high effective exhaust velocity jet and enormous energy to power this such as might be provided by fusion power or antimatter There are very few scientific studies that investigate the issues in building a starship Some examples of this include Project Orion 1958 1965 mostly manned interplanetary spacecraft Project Daedalus 1973 1978 unmanned interstellar probe Project Longshot 1987 1988 unmanned interstellar probe Project Icarus 2009 2014 unmanned interstellar probe Hundred Year Starship 2011 manned interstellar craft The Bussard ramjet is an idea to use nuclear fusion of interstellar gas to provide propulsion Examined in an October 1973 issue of Analog the Enzmann Starship proposed using a 12 000 ton ball of frozen deuterium to power pulse propulsion units Twice as long as the Empire State Building and assembled in orbit the proposed spacecraft would be part of a larger project preceded by interstellar probes and telescopic observation of target star systems The NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Program 1996 2002 was a professional scientific study examining advanced spacecraft propulsion systems Fictional types EditA common science fiction device is to posit a faster than light propulsion system such as warp drive or travel through hyperspace although some posit starships as outfitted for centuries long journeys of slower than light travel Other designs posit a way to boost the ship to near lightspeed allowing relatively quick travel i e decades not centuries to nearer stars This results in a general categorization according to whom of the kinds of starships citation needed Sleeper which put their passengers into stasis during a long trip This includes cryonics based systems that freeze passengers for the duration of the journey Generation in which the destination would be reached by descendants of the original passengers Relativistic taking advantage of time dilation at close to light speeds so long trips will seem much shorter but still take the same amount of time for outside observers Faster than light FTL which can move between places very quickly using inter dimensional shortcuts or wormholes Theoretical possibilities Edit The Alcubierre drive is a speculative warp drive conjectured by Mexican physicist Miguel Alcubierre in a 1994 paper which has not been peer reviewed 8 The paper suggests that space itself could be topographically warped to create a local region of spacetime wherein the region ahead of the warp bubble is compressed allowed to resume normalcy within the bubble and then rapidly expanded behind the bubble creating an effect that results in apparent FTL travel all in a manner consistent with the Einstein field equations of general relativity and without the introduction of wormholes 9 However the actual construction of such a drive would face other serious theoretical difficulties Fictional examples EditMain article List of fictional spacecraft Interstellar There are widely known vessels in various science fiction franchises The most prominent cultural use and one of the earliest common uses of the term starship was in Star Trek The Original Series Individual ships Edit This list is not exhaustive Avalon Passengers 2016 film Battlestar Galactica Battlestar Galactica High Charity Halo Series Hyperion StarCraft Jupiter 2 Lost In Space Long Shot Ringworld Moya Farscape NSEA Protector Galaxy Quest SDF 1 Macross The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Millennium Falcon Star Wars SSV Normandy Mass Effect UNSC Infinity Halo Series USG Ishimura Dead Space USS Sulaco Aliens Yamato Space Battleship Yamato Star Blazers Groups of ships Edit Spacecraft in Star Trek USS Defiant Star Trek Deep Space Nine USS Discovery USS Enterprise various USS Voyager Star Trek Voyager Klingon starships Star Wars starships Millennium Falcon Star Destroyers The Reapers Mass Effect See also EditBioship Type of fictional spacecraft or starship made of biological elements Intergalactic travel Hypothetical travel between galaxies IXS Enterprise NASA conceptual interstellar ship Mother ship Large vehicle that leads serves or carries other smaller vehicles Project Icarus interstellar 2009 project to update design of Project Daedalus Project Longshot Design for a 400 tonne nuclear pulse propelled unmanned spacecraft to reach and orbit Alpha Centauri 100 Year Starship Grant project to work toward achieving interstellar travel Spaceflight Flight into or through outer space Space travel in science fiction Fictional methods e g antigravity hyperdrive Starship Technologies Company developing small self driving robotic delivery vehicles Unidentified flying object Unusual phenomenon in the sky that is not readily identifiableReferences Edit Erik Sofge 20 September 2012 What Would a Actually Look Like Popularmechanics Archived from the original on 13 July 2001 Retrieved 9 April 2016 Oahspe Index gailallen com Archived from the original on 2016 03 04 Retrieved 2015 11 30 Oahspe Book of Divinity Chapter XVI gailallen com Archived from the original on 2015 12 08 Retrieved 2015 11 30 Voyager 1 Has Date with a Star in 40 000 Years Space com Archived from the original on 2015 07 24 Retrieved 2015 07 24 Gilster Paul 12 April 2016 Breakthrough Starshot Mission to Alpha Centauri Centauri Dreams Archived from the original on 15 April 2016 Retrieved 14 April 2016 Overbye Dennis 12 April 2016 A Visionary Project Aims for Alpha Centauri a Star 4 37 Light Years Away New York Times Archived from the original on 12 April 2016 Retrieved 12 April 2016 Stone Maddie 12 April 2016 Stephen Hawking and a Russian Billionaire Want to Build an Interstellar Starship Gizmodo Archived from the original on 13 April 2016 Retrieved 12 April 2016 Staff 12 April 2016 Breakthrough Starshot Breakthrough Initiatives Archived from the original on 12 April 2016 Retrieved 12 April 2016 Alcubierre Miguel 1994 The warp drive hyper fast travel within general relativity Classical and Quantum Gravity Institute of Physics 11 5 L73 L77 arXiv gr qc 0009013 doi 10 1088 0264 9381 11 5 001 S2CID 4797900 Letter to the Editor Alcubierre Miguel 5 September 2000 The warp drive hyper fast travel within general relativity Classical and Quantum Gravity 11 5 L73 L77 arXiv gr qc 0009013 doi 10 1088 0264 9381 11 5 001 S2CID 4797900 External links Edit How to facilitate construction of a fleet of starships PDF Indymedia Australia Independent Media Center June 20 2014 Archived PDF from the original on August 10 2020 Retrieved November 14 2020 Starship Dimensions to scale size comparisons Starship Size Comparison Chart 1 Dan Carlson 13 July 2003 Starship Size Comparison Chart 2 Dan Carlson 30 October 2003 Starship Names a Sci Fi wiki article outside Wikipedia Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Starship amp oldid 1069181484, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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