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State Library of New South Wales

For the library in Glasgow, Scotland, see Mitchell Library.

The State Library of New South Wales, part of which is known as the Mitchell Library, is a large heritage-listed special collections, reference and research library open to the public. It is the oldest library in Australia, being the first established in the colony of New South Wales (now a state of Australia) in 1826. The library is located on the corner of Macquarie Street and Shakespeare Place, in the Sydney central business district adjacent to the Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens, in the City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The library is a member of the National and State Libraries Australia (NSLA) consortium.

State Library of New South Wales
State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Building, exterior
CountryAustralia
TypeState Library[note 1]
Established1826; 195 years ago (1826)
Reference to legal mandateLibrary Act 1939
LocationMacquarie Street and 1 Shakespeare Place, Sydney central business district, City of Sydney, New South Wales
Coordinates33°51′58″S151°12′48″E /33.86611°S 151.21333°E /-33.86611; 151.21333Coordinates: 33°51′58″S151°12′48″E /33.86611°S 151.21333°E /-33.86611; 151.21333
Collection
Size5 million items (5,000,000)
Legal depositSince 1879
Other information
BudgetA$91.7 million
DirectorDr John Vallance
(State Librarian)
Websitewww.sl.nsw.gov.au
Map
Built1905–1910
Architect
Official nameState Library of NSW; Mitchell Library
TypeState heritage (built)
Designated2 April 1999
Reference no.1071
TypeLibrary
CategoryEducation
Builders
  • Howie Bros(1939);
  • FWC Powell & Sons(1959);
  • Mellocco Bros(1964)

The State Library of New South Wales building was designed by Walter Liberty Vernon, assisted by H. C. L. Anderson and was built from 1905 to 1910, with further additions by Howie Bros in 1939; by FWC Powell & Sons in 1959; and by Mellocco Bros in 1964. The property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Contents

The first library collections were part of the Australian Subscription Library which was started by a group of wealthy Sydney citizens in 1826. It was then purchased for £5,100 by the New South Wales Government in 1869 and became the Sydney Free Public Library. In 1895 it was renamed the Public Library of New South Wales until its most recent name change in 1975, when it became the State Library of New South Wales.

Establishment (1826–1900)

The Australian Subscription Library was established in 1826 at a meeting at the Sydney Hotel chaired by barrister John Mackaness. Library membership was subject to committee approval. Dr James Mitchell, father of David Scott Mitchell (who would later bequeath his collection to the library), was a committee member from 1832 to 1853 and Vice President from 1856 to 1869.

In December 1827 operations began in rented premises in Pitt Street and in the two years following, the library led a peripatetic existence having been located a few years in George Street, Bridge Street, Macquarie Street and Macquarie Place. The library had financial problems and required more space to house its growing collections but negotiations in 1838 to construct a new library building broke down over member unwillingness to broaden access to the library. Fortunately for the members later negotiations with the government were more successful and construction of a new library building began in 1843. The foundation stone for this new building, on the corner of Bent and Macquarie Streets, was laid by Alexander Macleay and the library was opened in 1845.

Financial difficulties continued, and by 1869 the subscription library was in serious debt. The New South Wales Government was persuaded to buy it for £5,100 (£1,500 for the books and £3,600 for the building). In September 1869, the Sydney Free Public Library opened its doors with a stock of 20,000 volumes. Over 60,000 people visited the library in its first year of operation as the Free Public Library. Robert Cooper Walker was appointed Principal Librarian. He, in collaboration with the Trustees (led by Charles Badham), worked to expand the educational role of the library both through collection expansion and the production of printed catalogues of the library's collection.

The library expanded its operations, opening a lending branch in 1877. This lending branch was handed to the Sydney Municipal Council in 1909 and later became the City of Sydney Library. Another of Walker's initiatives was to establish services across the state, with loans to organisations including the Wollongong School of Arts and the Mechanics' Institute at Plattsburg (modern-day Wallsend) and services for regional libraries from 1883. The library's collection continued to grow, causing continual storage and overcrowding problems; new additions included a First Folio in 1885 and the papers of William Bligh in 1902.

The Mitchell and Dixson bequests (1900–1929)

Sketch of D S Mitchell, detail from L. Lindsay etching of W. Syer sketch, State Library NSW

Australiana was a collecting focus for the library and David Scott Mitchell's collecting activities came to the attention of Henry Charles Lennox Anderson, Principal Librarian from 1893–1906. Anderson's stated aim of making the library a "National, and not a Municipal, Library" led him to collect Australiana material. However, Mitchell's efforts to collect as many books and manuscripts relating to Australia, the Pacific, the East Indies and Antarctica, particularly from 1886 onwards, created competition for these materials. Anderson realised that the library did not have the budget or contacts to compete with Mitchell (from the 1880s onward, George Robertson gave Mitchell first right of refusal on Australiana material purchased by Angus & Robertson), and attempted to build a working relationship with Mitchell. In 1898, Mitchell announced his intention to leave his collection to the people of New South Wales, subject to conditions including that the collection would be known as the "Mitchell Library". Although his offer was quickly accepted, construction of a new building to house the collection was delayed for several years.

Construction commenced in 1906, one year before Mitchell's death. Following Anderson's resignation in 1907, Frank Murcott Bladen (former head of the library's lending branch) was appointed Principal Librarian. In 1909, Hugh Wright was appointed to the newly created position of Mitchell Librarian; the creation of this role was another condition of Mitchell's bequest. Nita Kibble was another early member of the library staff. The Mitchell Library officially opened on 8 March 1910; Mungo MacCallum, then President of the Library Board of Trustees, spoke at the opening. The public library remained in the Bent Street building.

Portrait of Sir William Dixson

Mitchell had not kept a catalogue of his collection, and as a result, cataloguing was an early priority for librarians in the Mitchell Library. A research department was established as part of the public library in the 1920s under the direction of Nita Kibble, while Ida Leeson as Head of Acquisitions researched gaps in the library's collections. Kibble's research department was later used as a model by other State Libraries when establishing similar services. Mitchell's bequest also included funding for collection acquisition; expanding the library's collection (particularly in the area of Australiana and Pacific material) was a priority for both Wright and William Ifould, who was appointed Principal Librarian in 1912. Ifould envisioned the library as a repository of material relating to the history of Australia, not just New South Wales, and led efforts to collect material. The library acquired the papers of Lachlan Macquarie and his family in 1914, Matthew Flinders in 1922, and Abel Tasman's journal in 1926, and after World War I collected journals of soldiers from that conflict. The Commonwealth Parliamentary Library (now the National Library of Australia), established in 1901, was also collecting Australiana material. This led to conflict over the acquisition of the papers of James Cook, which were offered at auction in London in 1923. The Trustees chose not to bid for the papers as doing so would have limited the library's Australiana acquisitions budget for several years and Ifould, already in London with hopes of purchasing the papers for the Mitchell Library, was directed instead to purchase them on behalf of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library and the Public Library of New South Wales using funds provided by the Federal Government.

Sir William Dixson offered in 1919 to leave his collection of pictures, manuscripts and other materials relating to Australiana and the Pacific (particularly early European exploration) to the library; his offer was accepted in 1924. After a series of delays construction began on a new wing to house the collection, which was opened on 21 October 1929. Dixson was the guest of honour at the opening of an exhibition to mark the centenary of Mitchell's birth in 1936, and also paid for the bronze doors added to the Mitchell building in 1942, when extensions were added. His entire collection passed to the library after his death in 1952.

Growth and change (1930–1980)

Ida Leeson in 1933 after being made Mitchell librarian

Wright retired in 1932 and Ida Leeson was appointed Mitchell Librarian. In the 1930s, many women in the workforce suffered discrimination on the basis of gender, and her appointment caused controversy due to the seniority of the position as the deputy for the Principal Librarian at the time. The Library Trustees appointed a committee to consider the applicants and make an appointment. Despite the committee's support of Leeson (and general support of the Trustees for appointing the most suitable candidate regardless of gender), the Minister for Public Instruction was unwilling to approve the appointment due to the assumption that the Mitchell Librarian would deputise for the Principal Librarian and an unwillingness to see a woman in that role. A new position of Deputy Principal Librarian was created and filled by John Wallace Metcalfe, a librarian who had worked in the public library for nine years. This role would sit above the Mitchell Librarian role in the organisation's hierarchy. The decision to create it was criticised by the National Council of Women.

In 1934, Ralph Munn and E. R. Pitt led an inquiry into Australian libraries. Their report contrasted the regional library network in Australia with that in the United States of America and England, and recommended that further efforts be made to establish and support regional libraries. Their recommendations included the establishment of free public libraries in every local council area; this was enshrined in the Library Act 1939, which Ifould and Metcalfe helped to draft. Metcalfe also founded the Australian Institute of Librarians (now the Australian Library and Information Association) in 1937, the first professional body representing librarians, and was heavily involved in the Free Library Movement in 1935.

New indexes were created and cataloguing efforts continued to make the library's collections more accessible, while some books were placed on open access. The collection continued to grow. The Macarthur family papers were acquired in 1940, and in 1954 much of Miles Franklin's personal and literary papers came to the library after her death. The remaining papers from her collection were sold at auction to a private collector, and acquired 30 years later by the library. In collaboration with the State Library of Victoria and the National Library of Australia, a bibliography of sources relating to Asia and the Pacific was compiled in response to public interest sparked by World War II.

John Metcalfe was appointed Principal Librarian in 1942 following Ifould's retirement. Four years later Ida Leeson also retired, and Phyllis Mander-Jones was appointed as her successor, after a short time as Deputy Mitchell Librarian. During her tenure she prepared a report comparing archival practice in Australia with other countries, and arranged the acquisition of additional papers of the Macarthur family and the New South Wales Supreme Court's early records.

Metcalfe was an advocate for free public libraries and supported their establishment throughout his career. After Mander-Jones took leave in 1956, Jean Arnot was appointed Acting Mitchell Librarian. Three years later, after Metcalfe's retirement, Gordon Richardson was appointed as Principal Librarian. A series of position changes saw the Deputy Principal Librarian and Mitchell Librarians absorbed into the Principal Librarian position filled by Richardson. This situation remained until Richardson's retirement in 1973; his successor, Russell Doust, re-established the Mitchell Librarian role as a separate one and appointed Suzanne Mourot.

Dorothea Mackellar's papers were acquired in 1970, and Jørn Utzon's Sydney Opera House archive in 1972. The collection expanded in a new area with an oral history project, run in 1976, interviewing past staff members. By 1978, all government archives had been moved to the State Records Authority of New South Wales (then called the Archives Authority of New South Wales), which had been established in 1960 and was housed at the library until 1978.

The library today

Reading Room
Level 2 Gallery, Mitchell Building, State Library of New South Wales, 2019

Computer cataloguing of the library's collections began in the 1980s. The upcoming Australian Bicentenary prompted increasing public discussion about Australian society and history, and an increasing consciousness of women's history, multiculturalism in Australian society, and Indigenous Australian societies and histories. The library responded to public discussion by increasing research into Indigenous material held at the library, creating and filling identified Indigenous Services Librarians positions in 1991, and establishing an Indigenous Unit in 2013. The Rainbow Archives project was established in the 1980s, and migrants were interviewed to record oral histories for the collection.

Russell Doust retired in 1987 and was succeeded by Alison Crook, who commenced in the role months before the opening of the new Macquarie Street Wing. 1988 also saw a major exhibition on the arrival of the First Fleet and the interactions of the European arrivals with the Indigenous people of the area, the Eora peoples.

In 1998 the library acquired two large collections. The papers of George Bass were purchased for what was then the highest price paid at auction for manuscripts related to Australian topics. The estate of Jean Garling, author and dancer, passed to the library on her death. The library collections continue to expand, with recent acquisitions including 201 personal letters of surveyor John Septimus Roe (1797–1878) and the Edward Close sketchbook (1817–1818). In 2013 the library acquired two memorials written by Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernandes de Queirós to King Philip appealing for funding for an expedition to the fabled Terra Australis. The library holds a copy of all thirteen known surviving memorials.

In early 2014 controversy erupted over proposed changes to the Mitchell Library. A petition of over 200 well-known writers and academics was soon joined by over 9,000 other library users including historians, architects, archaeologists, academics and family historians. In reply the State Librarian, Dr Alex Byrne, issued an open letter, and other writers debated the role of libraries in the digital age. In response the Library announced a restoration programme which effectively reversed the proposed changes.

On 22 March 2020 the Library buildings were closed to the public to help protect the health of visitors and staff and to minimise the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus) in New South Wales. It continued providing access to its online services during the shutdown period and reopened under NSW Health guidelines on 13 July 2020. After the easing of NSW COVID-19 restrictions the Library reverted to its normal opening hours on 8 March 2021. Due to a second outbreak of COVID-19 in the Sydney CBD on 25 June 2021 the Library followed advice from NSW Health and stopped public access to the building.

The Mitchell Building

Mitchell Building; main facade
Mitchell's coat of arms
Tasman's map on the floor of the foyer of the Mitchell library

By the 1890s, the library was running out of space to house its collection and accommodate staff. Plans were underway for a new 'national' library building. The stimulus for this was David Scott Mitchell's offer of his extensive collection of Australiana to the people of New South Wales.

The condition of his offer was that his collection be housed either in the Public Library building or in a separate new building; as there was no room in the Public Library building and no suitable building existed a new building was erected. Work on the Mitchell Wing of the new building began in 1906 and finished in 1910 based on designs prepared by Walter Liberty Vernon, the Head of the Government Architect's Branch. The Mitchell Wing up[on completion housed library reading rooms, work areas and the Mitchell bequest.

In 1939 work began on the central section of the building, including the portico, the ornate vestibule and its reproduced Tasman Map in marble mosaic and the main reading room. The building was ready to be used in June 1942 and the Library (as a whole) was under one roof. Bronze doors were presented by William Dixson and were decorated with a series of images depicting Indigenous Australian people and European explorers. In 1964, the final section of the sandstone Mitchell Building was laid on the south east corner. This was designed by Alan Robertson from the Government Architect's Branch; one of the junior architects on the team was Andrew Andersons, who would later be principal architect for the design of the Macquarie Street Wing. Within 10 years the Library had outgrown this space too.

The Mitchell Wing celebrated its centenary in 2010 and in the lead-up to its centenary (from 2001), held a series of related exhibitions and events.

The Dixson Wing

20 years after the completion of the Mitchell Wing, more building took place on the site of the state library. The Dixson Wing, designed by architect Richard Macdonald Seymour Wells and completed in 1929, was added to the south side of the Mitchell Wing to provide storage and gallery space for the extensive collection of historical paintings presented to the library by Sir William Dixson. The galleries were refurbished in 1987 in preparation for the bicentennial exhibition held at the library in 1988.

The Macquarie Street Building

Reading area, Macquarie Street Wing
Reading Room open space

Further space was required for collection storage and public spaces, as well as staff work areas. Space became available south of the Mitchell Wing in the 1970s, when several buildings were demolished and Richmond Villa relocated to accommodate a new building for State Parliament, although this was initially used for temporary accommodation for parliamentary staff. Work began on the Macquarie Street Wing in 1983 and it was opened in 1988—Australia's bicentenary—by Queen Elizabeth II in company with Prince Philip. The new building fronts Macquarie Street and links up with the Mitchell Wing above ground and below ground. Andrew Andersons of the Government Architects Office was the design architect for the Macquarie Street Wing. The Government Architects Office was again engaged in 2011 for planned renovations for the building resulting in a redesigned reading room and construction of a new learning space for education programs. Work commenced in 2011 and was completed in 2012.

The State Reference Library contains a comprehensive and diverse collection of Australian and international research material. The collections grow through purchase, other acquisitions of material and legal deposit for all books published in New South Wales. A number of specialist services are located within the State Reference Library, including the legal information service established in 1990, a drug and alcohol information service and a family history research service.

The library contains over 6 million items including more than 2 million books, 1.2 million microforms, 1.1 million photographs, as well as newspapers, maps, architectural plans, manuscripts and other items. It is part of the PANDORA web archiving project of the National Library of Australia and also collects born digital material.

As well as being a general purpose reference and research library, it contains many historically significant collections including material dating from the European colonisation of Australia. These are held in the Australiana research collections known as the Mitchell Library (named for David Scott Mitchell, first collector of Australiana) and the Dixson Library (named after Sir William Dixson).

Collection highlights

The library has been continuously adding to its collections since 1826 and holds collections of manuscripts, books, artworks, photography and artefacts of national and international significance. These include:

Electronic resources

Computer cataloguing commenced in the early 1980s for books, and in 1992 for pictures and manuscripts. A large cataloguing backlog of material without an electronic record prompted the library's successful 2008 application for government funding to create over one million electronic catalogue records. The library subscribes to electronic databases which are accessible for cardholders via the catalogue. The digitisation of the papers of Sir Joseph Banks, completed in 1997, was the first digitisation project of original manuscripts undertaken by the library. It was followed by further digitisation of manuscript and picture collections including the papers of Matthew Flinders, the Hood collection of photographs by Sam Hood and son Ted Hood, and the Holtermann Collection of images of the NSW goldfields of the 1860s and 1870s, which is now listed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register. Digitised images of items from the library's collection are available in the catalogue, and some are also available through thematic online exhibitions. In 2012 the library received State Government funding to digitise 12 million pages from its collection, including newspapers, manuscripts, pictures and books. As of 21 May 2018[update], the usage of publicly available data from the library collections in Wikipedia amounts to more than half a million page views.

Legal deposit

In Australia, legal deposit legislation exists at the national and state levels to support the provision of access to Australian research, heritage and culture. The Copyright Act 1968 governs legal deposit requirements at a national level. In New South Wales, legal deposit is required under the New South Wales Copyright Act 1879–1952, ss 5–7. The State Library of New South Wales, along with New South Wales Parliamentary Library and University of Sydney Library are entitled to "receive a copy of every book first published in New South Wales within two months of publication. 'Book' is defined in the Act as any book, newspaper, pamphlet, leaflet, music, map, chart or plan separately published and 'bound', sewed or stitched together'."

As a member library of National and State Libraries Australia, the organisation collaborated on the creation of the National edeposit (NED) system, which enables publishers from all over Australia to upload electronic publications as per the 2016 amendment to the Copyright Act 1968 and other regional legislation, and makes these publications publicly accessible online (depending on access conditions) from anywhere.

Access to the library reading rooms and galleries is free. There are a range of services that are accessible via a library card including remote access to electronic resources for NSW residents, access to books and other material from storage, and bookings for onsite study rooms. The library hosts free exhibitions, both from its own collections and from other organisations such as World Press Photo.

Relationship with NSW public libraries

The library administers the sections of the Library Act 1939 and the Library Regulation that relate to local authorities and public libraries in New South Wales. The library provides information, professional development programs, advice and the payment of grants and subsidies to local authorities operating New South Wales public libraries.

The State Library's Public Library Services team provides a research program on behalf of public libraries in New South Wales. This covers standards and guidelines for library buildings and services, economic value studies, services and management of public libraries.

  • Main reading room, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Shakespeare Room, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Library desk, Reading Room, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Staff on Roof, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Painting conservators, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Book Conservators, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Books for lending library, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Boxing books for the Lending Library, Mitchell Building, 1943

  • Mitchell LIbrarian, Mitchell Building, 1943

The library is an agency of the Ministry of Arts in the New South Wales State Government.

Library Council

State Librarian

The role of the State Librarian is prescribed in the New South Wales Library Act 1939, ss 7a. The State Librarian is the Secretary of the Library Council of New South Wales. There have been 19 State Librarians since 1827:

Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes
1 Peter Cooke State Librarian 1827 1829 1–2 years
2 Charles Henderson 1829 1829 0 years
3 Thomas Connolly 1831 1839 7–8 years
4 The Hon. John Fairfax 1839 1841 1–2 years
5 P. J. Elliott 1841 1865 23–24 years
6 D. R. Hawley 1865 1869 3–4 years
7 Robert Cooper Walker 1869 1893 23–24 years
8 Henry Charles Lennox Anderson 1893 1906 12–13 years
9 Frank Murcott Bladen 1907 1912 4–5 years
10 William Herbert IfouldOBE 1912 1942 29–30 years
11 John Wallace Metcalfe 1942 1959 16–17 years
12 Gordon Dalyell RichardsonOBE 1959 1973 13–14 years
13 Russell Fletcher Doust 1973 1987 13–14 years
14 Alison Laura CrookAO 1987 1995 7–8 years
15 Dagmar SchmidmaierAM 1995 2006 10–11 years
16 Regina Anne Sutton 2006 2010 3–4 years
17 Dr Alex Byrne 2011 2016 4–5 years
18 Lucy Milne 2016 2017 0–1 years
19 Hon. Professor John Vallance State Librarian and
Chief Executive
28 August 2017 (2017-08-28) incumbent 4 years, 104 days

Mitchell Librarian

Mitchell's bequest stipulated that a position be created called the Mitchell Librarian. There have been 10 Mitchell Librarians since 1909:

Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes
1 Hugh Wright Mitchell Librarian 1909 1932 22–23 years
2 Ida Leeson 1932 1946 13–14 years
3 Phyllis Mander-Jones 1947 1957 9–10 years
4 Gordon Dalyell Richardson[note 3] 1958 1973 14–15 years
5 Suzanne Mourot 1973 1979 5–6 years
6 Baiba Berzins 1980 1987 6–7 years
7 Margy Burn 1988 1993 4–5 years
8 Alan Ventress 1993 2001 7–8 years
9 Elizabeth Ellis 2001 2008 6–7 years
10 Richard Neville 2008 incumbent 12–13 years
Service Station/Stop Lines/Routes served
Trains
Martin Place Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra Line
St James
Circular Quay
Buses
Macquarie Street 200, Sydney Explorer
Timetable
Ferries
Circular Quay Timetable

As of 21 March 2001, the public library of New South Wales houses a public facility initiated in 1869 and is one of the most important libraries in Australia. It was the second purpose-built library and the only remaining public library in Sydney dating from the early twentieth century. The building is still in use and has a lengthy association with several historically important persons such as Government Architect WL Vernon. It is significant for the prominent position it occupies at the termination of one of the most historically important streetscapes in Australia. The building is of aesthetic significance reflecting important stylistic influences on the architecture of the twentieth century. The library is a recognised symbol in Sydney and has had a long association with the provision of library services to the local and regional community of New South Wales. The development and interior layout of the progressive stages of the building reflect the changing attitudes to library planning theory. It is significant as one of the only Government buildings in the Federation Academic Classical styles. Only two of these are cultural buildings, the other being the Art Gallery of NSW.

State Library of New South Wales building was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

The Mitchell Wing has been in continuous use as a public library since its completion in 1907. The building is the second purpose-built library in Sydney, and the earliest remaining. The Mitchell Wing is specifically associated with a number of prominent Sydney residents who have acted as benefactors, librarians, architects and craftsmen on the building. The bequests of three people, namely Edward Wise, David Scott Mitchell and William Dixson formed the basis of the collections. The Mitchell Wing houses a unique collection of Australiana and reference material held in Trust by the State Library of New South Wales for the general public. The building is closely associated with the development of the NSW Government Architect's Office and particularly with the work of Walter Liberty Vernon, Richard McDonald Seymour Wells, Cobden Parkes and Edward Herbert Farmer.

The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The building, as the repository of a unique collection of Australiana, is crucial to the community's sense of place. The importance of the building to the community is demonstrated in part by its completion in the early 1940s when other public works had been severely reduced by World War II. The inclusion of the Mitchell Wing on a number of Commonwealth, State and Local heritage registers indicates the value placed on the building by the community.

The place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

The original Mitchell Stack of steel and glass was regarded as highly innovative at the time of its construction. The two-storey stack area is now a unique example of a highly resolved design solution addressing structure, lighting and aesthetics. The building was the first public building in New South Wales, apart from hospitals, to have been fully air-conditioned.

The place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

The building is a rare example of the Academic Neo-Classical style used for public buildings in Sydney. It is also a rare building type within the state.

^1 : The library's logo features the interrobang mark:
^2 : Duran Duran's photo sessions for Seven and the Ragged Tiger were held at the library in 1983.
^3 : Richardson also concurrently held the role of Deputy Principal Librarian in 1958, and was then appointed Principal Librarian in 1959. When he retired in 1973, the Mitchell Librarian position was again separated from the position of Principal Librarian.

Citations

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  14. "David Scott Mitchell will, 14 February 1901 and codicil, 3 October 1905, office copy, being typed copy initialled and signed by W. J. Warren and D. Seddon, Clerks to Norton, Smith & Co. as being a true copy of the Original Will and Codicil, 24 July 1907". Retrieved2 April 2014.
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  18. "THE MACQUARIE PAPERS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 15 October 1913. p. 12. Retrieved27 March 2014.
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  21. "D. S. MITCHELL". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 20 March 1936. p. 12. Retrieved9 May 2013.
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  23. Frances, Raelene; Kealey, Linda; Sangster, Joan (Fall 1996). "Women and Wage Labour in Australia and Canada, 1880–1980". Labour / Le Travail. 38: 54. doi:10.2307/25144092.
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  26. "APPOINTMENTS FOR WOMEN". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 7 December 1932. p. 8. Retrieved9 May 2013.
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  28. Paul Brunton (2000). "Miles Franklin's Brilliant Collection". In State Library of New South Wales (ed.). Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library. Focus Publishing. ISBN 978-1-875359-66-0.
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State Library of New South Wales
State Library of New South Wales Article Talk Language Watch Edit For the library in Glasgow Scotland see Mitchell Library The State Library of New South Wales part of which is known as the Mitchell Library is a large heritage listed special collections reference and research library open to the public It is the oldest library in Australia being the first established in the colony of New South Wales now a state of Australia in 1826 4 The library is located on the corner of Macquarie Street and Shakespeare Place in the Sydney central business district adjacent to the Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens in the City of Sydney New South Wales Australia The library is a member of the National and State Libraries Australia NSLA consortium State Library of New South WalesState Library of New South Wales Mitchell Building exteriorCountryAustraliaTypeState Library note 1 Established1826 195 years ago 1826 Reference to legal mandateLibrary Act 1939LocationMacquarie Street and 1 Shakespeare Place Sydney central business district City of Sydney New South WalesCoordinates33 51 58 S 151 12 48 E 33 86611 S 151 21333 E 33 86611 151 21333 Coordinates 33 51 58 S 151 12 48 E 33 86611 S 151 21333 E 33 86611 151 21333CollectionSize5 million items 5 000 000 Legal depositSince 1879 1 Other informationBudgetA 91 7 million 2 DirectorDr John Vallance State Librarian 3 Websitewww wbr sl wbr nsw wbr gov wbr auMapBuilt1905 1910ArchitectWalter Liberty Vernon Assisted by H C L AndersonNew South Wales Heritage RegisterOfficial nameState Library of NSW Mitchell LibraryTypeState heritage built Designated2 April 1999Reference no 1071TypeLibraryCategoryEducationBuildersHowie Bros 1939 FWC Powell amp Sons 1959 Mellocco Bros 1964 The State Library of New South Wales building was designed by Walter Liberty Vernon assisted by H C L Anderson and was built from 1905 to 1910 with further additions by Howie Bros in 1939 by FWC Powell amp Sons in 1959 and by Mellocco Bros in 1964 The property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 5 Contents 1 History 1 1 Establishment 1826 1900 1 2 The Mitchell and Dixson bequests 1900 1929 1 3 Growth and change 1930 1980 1 4 The library today 2 The Library Building 2 1 The Mitchell Building 2 2 The Dixson Wing 2 3 The Macquarie Street Building 3 Collection 3 1 Collection highlights 3 2 Electronic resources 3 3 Legal deposit 4 Services 4 1 Relationship with NSW public libraries 5 Gallery 6 Governance 6 1 Library Council 6 2 State Librarian 6 3 Mitchell Librarian 7 Transport connections 8 Heritage listing 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 11 1 Citations 11 2 Sources 12 External linksHistory EditThe first library collections were part of the Australian Subscription Library which was started by a group of wealthy Sydney citizens in 1826 It was then purchased for 5 100 by the New South Wales Government in 1869 and became the Sydney Free Public Library 6 In 1895 it was renamed the Public Library of New South Wales until its most recent name change in 1975 when it became the State Library of New South Wales 4 Establishment 1826 1900 Edit The Australian Subscription Library was established in 1826 at a meeting at the Sydney Hotel chaired by barrister John Mackaness 7 Library membership was subject to committee approval Dr James Mitchell father of David Scott Mitchell who would later bequeath his collection to the library was a committee member from 1832 to 1853 8 and Vice President from 1856 to 1869 9 In December 1827 operations began in rented premises in Pitt Street and in the two years following the library led a peripatetic existence having been located a few years in George Street Bridge Street Macquarie Street and Macquarie Place The library had financial problems and required more space to house its growing collections but negotiations in 1838 to construct a new library building broke down over member unwillingness to broaden access to the library Fortunately for the members later negotiations with the government were more successful and construction of a new library building began in 1843 8 The foundation stone for this new building on the corner of Bent and Macquarie Streets was laid by Alexander Macleay 8 and the library was opened in 1845 4 Financial difficulties continued and by 1869 the subscription library was in serious debt The New South Wales Government was persuaded to buy it for 5 100 1 500 for the books and 3 600 for the building In September 1869 the Sydney Free Public Library opened its doors with a stock of 20 000 volumes 4 Over 60 000 people visited the library in its first year of operation as the Free Public Library 8 Robert Cooper Walker was appointed Principal Librarian He in collaboration with the Trustees led by Charles Badham worked to expand the educational role of the library both through collection expansion and the production of printed catalogues of the library s collection 10 The library expanded its operations opening a lending branch in 1877 This lending branch was handed to the Sydney Municipal Council in 1909 and later became the City of Sydney Library Another of Walker s initiatives was to establish services across the state with loans to organisations including the Wollongong School of Arts and the Mechanics Institute at Plattsburg modern day Wallsend 8 and services for regional libraries from 1883 10 The library s collection continued to grow causing continual storage and overcrowding problems 11 new additions included a First Folio in 1885 and the papers of William Bligh in 1902 The Mitchell and Dixson bequests 1900 1929 Edit Sketch of D S Mitchell detail from L Lindsay etching of W Syer sketch State Library NSW Australiana was a collecting focus for the library 11 and David Scott Mitchell s collecting activities came to the attention of Henry Charles Lennox Anderson Principal Librarian from 1893 1906 Anderson s stated aim of making the library a National and not a Municipal Library led him to collect Australiana material 12 However Mitchell s efforts to collect as many books and manuscripts relating to Australia the Pacific the East Indies and Antarctica particularly from 1886 onwards created competition for these materials 13 Anderson realised that the library did not have the budget or contacts to compete with Mitchell from the 1880s onward George Robertson gave Mitchell first right of refusal on Australiana material purchased by Angus amp Robertson and attempted to build a working relationship with Mitchell 8 In 1898 Mitchell announced his intention to leave his collection to the people of New South Wales subject to conditions including that the collection would be known as the Mitchell Library 14 Although his offer was quickly accepted construction of a new building to house the collection was delayed for several years 13 Construction commenced in 1906 one year before Mitchell s death 8 Following Anderson s resignation in 1907 Frank Murcott Bladen former head of the library s lending branch was appointed Principal Librarian 15 In 1909 Hugh Wright was appointed to the newly created position of Mitchell Librarian the creation of this role was another condition of Mitchell s bequest 14 Nita Kibble was another early member of the library staff 8 The Mitchell Library officially opened on 8 March 1910 Mungo MacCallum then President of the Library Board of Trustees spoke at the opening 8 The public library remained in the Bent Street building 8 Portrait of Sir William Dixson Mitchell had not kept a catalogue of his collection and as a result cataloguing was an early priority for librarians in the Mitchell Library 11 A research department was established as part of the public library in the 1920s under the direction of Nita Kibble while Ida Leeson as Head of Acquisitions researched gaps in the library s collections 11 Kibble s research department was later used as a model by other State Libraries when establishing similar services 16 Mitchell s bequest also included funding for collection acquisition expanding the library s collection particularly in the area of Australiana and Pacific material was a priority for both Wright and William Ifould who was appointed Principal Librarian in 1912 17 Ifould envisioned the library as a repository of material relating to the history of Australia not just New South Wales 17 and led efforts to collect material 11 The library acquired the papers of Lachlan Macquarie and his family in 1914 18 19 Matthew Flinders in 1922 and Abel Tasman s journal in 1926 and after World War I collected journals of soldiers from that conflict 8 The Commonwealth Parliamentary Library now the National Library of Australia established in 1901 was also collecting Australiana material This led to conflict over the acquisition of the papers of James Cook which were offered at auction in London in 1923 The Trustees chose not to bid for the papers as doing so would have limited the library s Australiana acquisitions budget for several years and Ifould already in London with hopes of purchasing the papers for the Mitchell Library was directed instead to purchase them on behalf of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library and the Public Library of New South Wales using funds provided by the Federal Government 11 Sir William Dixson offered in 1919 to leave his collection of pictures manuscripts and other materials relating to Australiana and the Pacific particularly early European exploration 7 to the library his offer was accepted in 1924 11 After a series of delays construction began on a new wing to house the collection which was opened on 21 October 1929 20 Dixson was the guest of honour at the opening of an exhibition to mark the centenary of Mitchell s birth in 1936 21 and also paid for the bronze doors added to the Mitchell building in 1942 when extensions were added His entire collection passed to the library after his death in 1952 20 Growth and change 1930 1980 Edit Ida Leeson in 1933 after being made Mitchell librarian Wright retired in 1932 and Ida Leeson was appointed Mitchell Librarian 22 In the 1930s many women in the workforce suffered discrimination on the basis of gender 23 and her appointment caused controversy due to the seniority of the position as the deputy for the Principal Librarian at the time 11 22 The Library Trustees appointed a committee to consider the applicants and make an appointment Despite the committee s support of Leeson and general support of the Trustees for appointing the most suitable candidate regardless of gender the Minister for Public Instruction was unwilling to approve the appointment due to the assumption that the Mitchell Librarian would deputise for the Principal Librarian and an unwillingness to see a woman in that role 11 22 A new position of Deputy Principal Librarian was created and filled by John Wallace Metcalfe a librarian who had worked in the public library for nine years 24 This role would sit above the Mitchell Librarian role in the organisation s hierarchy 11 25 The decision to create it was criticised by the National Council of Women 26 In 1934 Ralph Munn and E R Pitt led an inquiry into Australian libraries Their report contrasted the regional library network in Australia with that in the United States of America and England 27 and recommended that further efforts be made to establish and support regional libraries Their recommendations included the establishment of free public libraries in every local council area this was enshrined in the Library Act 1939 11 which Ifould and Metcalfe helped to draft 17 24 Metcalfe also founded the Australian Institute of Librarians now the Australian Library and Information Association in 1937 the first professional body representing librarians and was heavily involved in the Free Library Movement in 1935 24 New indexes were created and cataloguing efforts continued to make the library s collections more accessible 25 while some books were placed on open access 11 The collection continued to grow The Macarthur family papers were acquired in 1940 7 and in 1954 much of Miles Franklin s personal and literary papers came to the library after her death The remaining papers from her collection were sold at auction to a private collector and acquired 30 years later by the library 28 In collaboration with the State Library of Victoria and the National Library of Australia a bibliography of sources relating to Asia and the Pacific was compiled in response to public interest sparked by World War II 11 John Metcalfe was appointed Principal Librarian in 1942 following Ifould s retirement 24 Four years later Ida Leeson also retired and Phyllis Mander Jones was appointed as her successor after a short time as Deputy Mitchell Librarian During her tenure she prepared a report comparing archival practice in Australia with other countries and arranged the acquisition of additional papers of the Macarthur family and the New South Wales Supreme Court s early records 29 Metcalfe was an advocate for free public libraries and supported their establishment throughout his career 24 After Mander Jones took leave in 1956 Jean Arnot was appointed Acting Mitchell Librarian Three years later after Metcalfe s retirement Gordon Richardson was appointed as Principal Librarian A series of position changes saw the Deputy Principal Librarian and Mitchell Librarians absorbed into the Principal Librarian position filled by Richardson 11 This situation remained until Richardson s retirement in 1973 his successor Russell Doust re established the Mitchell Librarian role as a separate one and appointed Suzanne Mourot 11 Dorothea Mackellar s papers were acquired in 1970 and Jorn Utzon s Sydney Opera House archive in 1972 The collection expanded in a new area with an oral history project run in 1976 interviewing past staff members 11 By 1978 all government archives had been moved to the State Records Authority of New South Wales then called the Archives Authority of New South Wales 11 which had been established in 1960 30 and was housed at the library until 1978 11 The library today Edit Reading Room Level 2 Gallery Mitchell Building State Library of New South Wales 2019 Computer cataloguing of the library s collections began in the 1980s 11 The upcoming Australian Bicentenary prompted increasing public discussion about Australian society and history and an increasing consciousness of women s history multiculturalism in Australian society and Indigenous Australian societies and histories 11 The library responded to public discussion by increasing research into Indigenous material held at the library creating and filling identified Indigenous Services Librarians positions in 1991 11 and establishing an Indigenous Unit in 2013 31 The Rainbow Archives project was established in the 1980s 7 and migrants were interviewed to record oral histories for the collection 11 Russell Doust retired in 1987 and was succeeded by Alison Crook who commenced in the role months before the opening of the new Macquarie Street Wing 1988 also saw a major exhibition on the arrival of the First Fleet and the interactions of the European arrivals with the Indigenous people of the area the Eora peoples 11 In 1998 the library acquired two large collections The papers of George Bass were purchased for what was then the highest price paid at auction for manuscripts related to Australian topics 32 The estate of Jean Garling author and dancer passed to the library on her death 33 The library collections continue to expand with recent acquisitions including 201 personal letters of surveyor John Septimus Roe 1797 1878 and the Edward Close sketchbook 1817 1818 34 In 2013 the library acquired two memorials written by Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernandes de Queiros to King Philip appealing for funding for an expedition to the fabled Terra Australis 35 The library holds a copy of all thirteen known surviving memorials 36 In early 2014 controversy erupted over proposed changes to the Mitchell Library 37 38 A petition of over 200 well known writers and academics was soon joined by over 9 000 other library users including historians architects archaeologists academics and family historians In reply the State Librarian Dr Alex Byrne issued an open letter 39 40 and other writers debated the role of libraries in the digital age 41 42 In response the Library announced a restoration programme which effectively reversed the proposed changes On 22 March 2020 the Library buildings were closed to the public to help protect the health of visitors and staff and to minimise the spread of COVID 19 coronavirus in New South Wales It continued providing access to its online services during the shutdown period and reopened under NSW Health guidelines on 13 July 2020 43 After the easing of NSW COVID 19 restrictions the Library reverted to its normal opening hours on 8 March 2021 Due to a second outbreak of COVID 19 in the Sydney CBD on 25 June 2021 the Library followed advice from NSW Health and stopped public access to the building 44 The Library Building EditThe Mitchell Building Edit Mitchell Building main facade Mitchell s coat of arms Tasman s map on the floor of the foyer of the Mitchell library By the 1890s the library was running out of space to house its collection and accommodate staff Plans were underway for a new national library building The stimulus for this was David Scott Mitchell s offer of his extensive collection of Australiana to the people of New South Wales The condition of his offer was that his collection be housed either in the Public Library building or in a separate new building 14 as there was no room in the Public Library building and no suitable building existed a new building was erected Work on the Mitchell Wing of the new building began in 1906 and finished in 1910 based on designs prepared by Walter Liberty Vernon the Head of the Government Architect s Branch 45 The Mitchell Wing up on completion housed library reading rooms work areas and the Mitchell bequest 4 46 In 1939 work began on the central section of the building including the portico the ornate vestibule and its reproduced Tasman Map in marble mosaic and the main reading room The building was ready to be used in June 1942 and the Library as a whole was under one roof Bronze doors were presented by William Dixson and were decorated with a series of images depicting Indigenous Australian people and European explorers 11 In 1964 the final section of the sandstone Mitchell Building was laid on the south east corner This was designed by Alan Robertson from the Government Architect s Branch one of the junior architects on the team was Andrew Andersons who would later be principal architect for the design of the Macquarie Street Wing 8 Within 10 years the Library had outgrown this space too 4 46 The Mitchell Wing celebrated its centenary in 2010 and in the lead up to its centenary from 2001 held a series of related exhibitions and events 47 48 The Dixson Wing Edit 20 years after the completion of the Mitchell Wing more building took place on the site of the state library The Dixson Wing designed by architect Richard Macdonald Seymour Wells and completed in 1929 8 was added to the south side of the Mitchell Wing to provide storage and gallery space for the extensive collection of historical paintings presented to the library by Sir William Dixson 4 46 The galleries were refurbished in 1987 in preparation for the bicentennial exhibition held at the library in 1988 11 The Macquarie Street Building Edit Reading area Macquarie Street Wing Reading Room open space Further space was required for collection storage and public spaces as well as staff work areas Space became available south of the Mitchell Wing in the 1970s when several buildings were demolished and Richmond Villa relocated to accommodate a new building for State Parliament although this was initially used for temporary accommodation for parliamentary staff 8 Work began on the Macquarie Street Wing in 1983 and it was opened in 1988 Australia s bicentenary by Queen Elizabeth II in company with Prince Philip The new building fronts Macquarie Street and links up with the Mitchell Wing above ground and below ground Andrew Andersons of the Government Architects Office was the design architect for the Macquarie Street Wing 4 46 The Government Architects Office was again engaged in 2011 for planned renovations for the building resulting in a redesigned reading room and construction of a new learning space for education programs Work commenced in 2011 49 and was completed in 2012 Collection EditThe State Reference Library contains a comprehensive and diverse collection of Australian and international research material The collections grow through purchase other acquisitions of material and legal deposit for all books published in New South Wales 50 A number of specialist services are located within the State Reference Library including the legal information service established in 1990 51 a drug and alcohol information service 52 and a family history research service 46 The library contains over 6 million items including more than 2 million books 1 2 million microforms 1 1 million photographs as well as newspapers maps architectural plans manuscripts and other items 53 It is part of the PANDORA web archiving project of the National Library of Australia 54 and also collects born digital material 55 As well as being a general purpose reference and research library it contains many historically significant collections including material dating from the European colonisation of Australia These are held in the Australiana research collections known as the Mitchell Library named for David Scott Mitchell first collector of Australiana and the Dixson Library named after Sir William Dixson 56 Collection highlights Edit The library has been continuously adding to its collections since 1826 and holds collections of manuscripts books artworks photography and artefacts of national and international significance These include Original Log of the Proceedings of HMS Bounty in a Voyage to the South Seas William Bligh 1 December 1787 22 October 1788 Safe 1 46 Journal kept by Joseph Banks on board HMS Endeavour during the first voyage undertaken by James Cook to the Pacific Ocean Harold Lasseter s diary documenting his expedition in 1930 searching for gold George Augustus Robinson s journal from 1832 recording his activities in Tasmania notable for the detailed information he recorded about the local Aboriginal people he encountered The Holtermann Collection of over 3 500 glass plate negatives and albumen prints many of which depict life in New South Wales goldfield towns between 1871 and 1876 Richardson Collection of 289 volumes of rare bibles religious works early printed books and a small collection of medieval manuscripts First Fleet Journals The Library holds the most comprehensive collection of First Fleet journals in the world of the fifteen journals known to survive ten are held in the State Library s collections Shakespeare Folios The Library holds a copy of the extremely rare 1623 First Folio as well as copies of the Second Third and Fourth folios World War One Collection The Library holds a rich and significant collection of personal diaries and letters written by those who served in the First World War Indigenous Languages Collection These records are vocabularies and other language material from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and date from 1788 to the 1930s George Morrison Collection A comprehensive collection of the personal papers of Morrison of Peking that documents a volatile time in world history and is of international significance Australian Antarctic Expedition 1911 1914 photographs notes and reports Includes over 2000 photographic negatives taken on the expedition Frank Hurley s Antarctic colour plates of Shackleton s Endurance as well as his colour Paget plates from World War One Social Media Archive is the Library s Digital Collecting Strategy partnership with CSIRO Data 61 to collect and archive publicly available social media Sir William Dixson numismatic collection of over 7800 coins notes and tokens Two of three surviving copies of the New South Wales General Standing Orders the first book published in Australia Leaves from Botany Bay used as tea by Mary Bryant 1791 Holey dollar and dump first distinct NSW coinage 1813 57 Macquarie collector s chest constructed by Captain James Wallis 1818 58 Proclamation board issued by George Arthur 1828 1830 59 Port Macquarie New South Wales by Joseph Backler c 1835 1840 60 Dr William Bland the oldest surviving Australian photograph c 1845 61 Cabbage Trees near the Shoalhaven River by Eugene von Guerard 1860 62 Photos of Shackleton s expedition to Antarctica by Frank Hurley 1915 63 Cover of Marcus Clarks spring amp summer catalogue 1926 27 Photos of Sydney 1916 1955 by Sam Hood 1916 1955 64 Eileen Wearne Olympic photographs and papers 1920 1947 65 Electronic resources Edit Computer cataloguing commenced in the early 1980s for books 11 and in 1992 for pictures and manuscripts 66 A large cataloguing backlog of material without an electronic record prompted the library s successful 2008 application for government funding to create over one million electronic catalogue records 67 The library subscribes to electronic databases which are accessible for cardholders via the catalogue 68 The digitisation of the papers of Sir Joseph Banks 69 completed in 1997 was the first digitisation project of original manuscripts undertaken by the library 11 It was followed by further digitisation of manuscript and picture collections including the papers of Matthew Flinders 70 the Hood collection of photographs by Sam Hood and son Ted Hood 71 and the Holtermann Collection of images of the NSW goldfields of the 1860s and 1870s 72 which is now listed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register 73 Digitised images of items from the library s collection are available in the catalogue and some are also available through thematic online exhibitions 74 In 2012 the library received State Government funding to digitise 12 million pages from its collection including newspapers 75 manuscripts pictures and books 76 77 As of 21 May 2018 update the usage of publicly available data from the library collections in Wikipedia amounts to more than half a million page views 78 Legal deposit Edit In Australia legal deposit legislation exists at the national and state levels to support the provision of access to Australian research heritage and culture The Copyright Act 1968 governs legal deposit requirements at a national level 79 50 In New South Wales legal deposit is required under the New South Wales Copyright Act 1879 1952 ss 5 7 1 The State Library of New South Wales along with New South Wales Parliamentary Library and University of Sydney Library are entitled to receive a copy of every book first published in New South Wales within two months of publication Book is defined in the Act as any book newspaper pamphlet leaflet music map chart or plan separately published and bound sewed or stitched together 50 As a member library of National and State Libraries Australia the organisation collaborated on the creation of the National edeposit NED system which enables publishers from all over Australia to upload electronic publications as per the 2016 amendment to the Copyright Act 1968 and other regional legislation 79 and makes these publications publicly accessible online depending on access conditions from anywhere 80 Services EditAccess to the library reading rooms and galleries is free There are a range of services that are accessible via a library card including remote access to electronic resources 81 for NSW residents access to books and other material from storage and bookings for onsite study rooms 82 The library hosts free exhibitions both from its own collections and from other organisations such as World Press Photo 83 Relationship with NSW public libraries Edit The library administers the sections of the Library Act 1939 84 and the Library Regulation 85 that relate to local authorities and public libraries in New South Wales The library provides information professional development programs advice and the payment of grants and subsidies to local authorities operating New South Wales public libraries The State Library s Public Library Services team provides a research program on behalf of public libraries in New South Wales This covers standards and guidelines for library buildings 86 and services 87 economic value studies 88 services and management of public libraries Gallery Edit Main reading room Mitchell Building 1943 Shakespeare Room Mitchell Building 1943 Library desk Reading Room Mitchell Building 1943 Staff on Roof Mitchell Building 1943 Painting conservators Mitchell Building 1943 Book Conservators Mitchell Building 1943 Books for lending library Mitchell Building 1943 Boxing books for the Lending Library Mitchell Building 1943 Mitchell LIbrarian Mitchell Building 1943Governance EditThe library is an agency of the Ministry of Arts in the New South Wales State Government Library Council Edit Main article Library Council of New South Wales State Librarian Edit The role of the State Librarian is prescribed in the New South Wales Library Act 1939 ss 7a 89 The State Librarian is the Secretary of the Library Council of New South Wales 90 There have been 19 State Librarians since 1827 Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes1 Peter Cooke State Librarian 1827 1829 1 2 years 91 2 Charles Henderson 1829 1829 0 years3 Thomas Connolly 1831 1839 7 8 years4 The Hon John Fairfax 1839 1841 1 2 years5 P J Elliott 1841 1865 23 24 years6 D R Hawley 1865 1869 3 4 years7 Robert Cooper Walker 1869 1893 23 24 years8 Henry Charles Lennox Anderson 1893 1906 12 13 years9 Frank Murcott Bladen 1907 1912 4 5 years 91 92 10 William Herbert Ifould OBE 1912 1942 29 30 years 91 11 John Wallace Metcalfe 1942 1959 16 17 years12 Gordon Dalyell Richardson OBE 1959 1973 13 14 years13 Russell Fletcher Doust 1973 1987 13 14 years14 Alison Laura Crook AO 1987 1995 7 8 years15 Dagmar Schmidmaier AM 1995 2006 10 11 years16 Regina Anne Sutton 2006 2010 3 4 years17 Dr Alex Byrne 2011 2016 4 5 years 91 93 18 Lucy Milne 2016 2017 0 1 years 91 19 Hon Professor John Vallance State Librarian and Chief Executive 28 August 2017 2017 08 28 incumbent 4 years 104 days 91 94 Mitchell Librarian Edit Mitchell s bequest stipulated that a position be created called the Mitchell Librarian There have been 10 Mitchell Librarians since 1909 Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes1 Hugh Wright Mitchell Librarian 1909 1932 22 23 years 91 95 2 Ida Leeson 1932 1946 13 14 years 91 3 Phyllis Mander Jones 1947 1957 9 10 years4 Gordon Dalyell Richardson note 3 1958 1973 14 15 years5 Suzanne Mourot 1973 1979 5 6 years6 Baiba Berzins 1980 1987 6 7 years7 Margy Burn 1988 1993 4 5 years8 Alan Ventress 1993 2001 7 8 years9 Elizabeth Ellis 2001 2008 6 7 years10 Richard Neville 2008 incumbent 12 13 yearsTransport connections EditService Station Stop Lines Routes servedTrains Martin Place Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra LineSt James Bankstown Inner West amp Leppington Airport amp SouthCircular QuayBuses Macquarie Street 200 Sydney Explorer Timetable 96 Ferries Circular Quay Timetable 97 Heritage listing EditAs of 21 March 2001 the public library of New South Wales houses a public facility initiated in 1869 and is one of the most important libraries in Australia It was the second purpose built library and the only remaining public library in Sydney dating from the early twentieth century The building is still in use and has a lengthy association with several historically important persons such as Government Architect WL Vernon It is significant for the prominent position it occupies at the termination of one of the most historically important streetscapes in Australia The building is of aesthetic significance reflecting important stylistic influences on the architecture of the twentieth century The library is a recognised symbol in Sydney and has had a long association with the provision of library services to the local and regional community of New South Wales The development and interior layout of the progressive stages of the building reflect the changing attitudes to library planning theory It is significant as one of the only Government buildings in the Federation Academic Classical styles Only two of these are cultural buildings the other being the Art Gallery of NSW 5 98 State Library of New South Wales building was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria 5 The place is important in demonstrating the course or pattern of cultural or natural history in New South Wales The Mitchell Wing has been in continuous use as a public library since its completion in 1907 The building is the second purpose built library in Sydney and the earliest remaining The Mitchell Wing is specifically associated with a number of prominent Sydney residents who have acted as benefactors librarians architects and craftsmen on the building The bequests of three people namely Edward Wise David Scott Mitchell and William Dixson formed the basis of the collections The Mitchell Wing houses a unique collection of Australiana and reference material held in Trust by the State Library of New South Wales for the general public The building is closely associated with the development of the NSW Government Architect s Office and particularly with the work of Walter Liberty Vernon Richard McDonald Seymour Wells Cobden Parkes and Edward Herbert Farmer 5 98 The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social cultural or spiritual reasons The building as the repository of a unique collection of Australiana is crucial to the community s sense of place The importance of the building to the community is demonstrated in part by its completion in the early 1940s when other public works had been severely reduced by World War II The inclusion of the Mitchell Wing on a number of Commonwealth State and Local heritage registers indicates the value placed on the building by the community 5 98 The place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales The original Mitchell Stack of steel and glass was regarded as highly innovative at the time of its construction The two storey stack area is now a unique example of a highly resolved design solution addressing structure lighting and aesthetics The building was the first public building in New South Wales apart from hospitals to have been fully air conditioned 5 98 The place possesses uncommon rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales The building is a rare example of the Academic Neo Classical style used for public buildings in Sydney It is also a rare building type within the state 5 98 See also Edit Books portal Literature portal New South Wales portal Miles Franklin Award National Biography Award New South Wales Premier s Literary Awards New South Wales Premier s History Awards Russell Prize for Humour Writing Nita Kibble Literary AwardNotes Edit 1 The library s logo features the interrobang mark 2 Duran Duran s photo sessions for Seven and the Ragged Tiger were held at the library in 1983 99 3 Richardson also concurrently held the role of Deputy Principal Librarian in 1958 and was then appointed Principal Librarian in 1959 When he retired in 1973 the Mitchell Librarian position was again separated from the position of Principal Librarian References EditCitations Edit a b Copyright Act 1879 No 20 Government of New South Wales Retrieved 30 November 2012 8 Trade and Investment Regional Infrastructure and Services Cluster PDF New South Wales Government Retrieved 9 October 2013 State Library of NSW news State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 20 September 2017 a b c d e f g h History of the Library State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 7 February 2011 a b c d e f g State Library of NSW New South Wales State Heritage Register Office of Environment and Heritage H01071 Retrieved 13 October 2018 State Library of New South Wales www records nsw gov au 2 April 2018 Retrieved 22 January 2019 a b c d Robertson Anne State Library of New South Wales 1988 Treasures of the State Library of New South Wales the Australiana collections Collins Australia in association with the State Library of New South Wales ISBN 978 0 7322 2411 0 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Jones David J 1988 A source of inspiration amp delight the buildings of the State Library of New South Wales since 1826 Library Council of New South Wales ISBN 978 0 908449 24 8 Biography James Mitchell Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b Biography Robert Cooper Walker Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Fletcher Brian H 2007 Magnificent obsession the story of the Mitchell Library Sydney Allen amp Unwin State Library of New South Wales ISBN 978 1 74175 291 5 Biography Henry Charles Lennox Anderson Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b Biography David Scott Mitchell Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b c David Scott Mitchell will 14 February 1901 and codicil 3 October 1905 office copy being typed copy initialled and signed by W J Warren and D Seddon Clerks to Norton Smith amp Co as being a true copy of the Original Will and Codicil 24 July 1907 Retrieved 2 April 2014 Biography Frank Murcott Bladen Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 Biography Nita Bernice Kibble Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b c Biography William Herbert Ifould Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 THE MACQUARIE PAPERS The Sydney Morning Herald National Library of Australia 15 October 1913 p 12 Retrieved 27 March 2014 Lachlan Macquarie and the Macquarie family aggregated collection of papers pictorial and other material 1787 1844 Catalogue State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 27 March 2014 a b Biography Sir William Dixson Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 D S MITCHELL The Sydney Morning Herald National Library of Australia 20 March 1936 p 12 Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b c Martin Sylvia 2006 Ida Leeson a life Allen amp Unwin ISBN 978 1 74114 850 3 Frances Raelene Kealey Linda Sangster Joan Fall 1996 Women and Wage Labour in Australia and Canada 1880 1980 Labour Le Travail 38 54 doi 10 2307 25144092 a b c d e Biography John Wallace Metcalfe Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 a b Biography Ida Emily Leeson Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 APPOINTMENTS FOR WOMEN The Sydney Morning Herald National Library of Australia 7 December 1932 p 8 Retrieved 9 May 2013 LIBRARY SYSTEMS The Sydney Morning Herald National Library of Australia 22 August 1934 p 12 Retrieved 9 May 2013 Paul Brunton 2000 Miles Franklin s Brilliant Collection In State Library of New South Wales ed Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library Focus Publishing ISBN 978 1 875359 66 0 Biography Phyllis Mander Jones Australian Dictionary of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 9 May 2013 Legislation State Records Authority of New South Wales Government of New South Wales Retrieved 3 April 2014 State Library of NSW appoints extraordinary talent to lead Indigenous Unit State Library of NSW Retrieved 9 May 2013 Paul Brunton 2000 George Bass and Matthew Flinders In State Library of New South Wales ed Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library Focus Publishing ISBN 978 1 875359 66 0 Ellis Elizabeth 2000 Bequests and Philanthropy In State Library of New South Wales ed Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library Focus Publishing ISBN 978 1 875359 66 0 Edward Charles Close sketchbook of New South Wales views c 1817 State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 4 April 2011 Block Sally 16 August 2013 Rare documents unveiled by State Library of NSW showing Spanish quest to find Australia ABC News Retrieved 20 August 2013 The Spanish quest for Terra Australis Discover Collections State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 20 August 2013 What is a Library without Books ABC News Australia State Library launches 25 million campaign to revitalise its iconic Mitchell building State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 6 March 2014 Open Letter by NSW State Librarian Revitalising the Mitchell Library your questions answered State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 6 March 2014 Sadokierski Zoe State libraries need our support and participation to survive The Conversation Retrieved 24 February 2014 Farrelly Elizabeth Mitchell Library malaise sign of a deeper struggle Sydney Morning Herald Retrieved 6 March 2014 Important information COVID 19 State Library of New South Wales website Opening Hours State Library of New South Wales Website accessed 19 April 2021 https www sl nsw gov au plan your visit opening hours History Vernon Walter Government Architect s Office Government of New South Wales Archived from the original on 18 March 2012 Retrieved 6 January 2012 a b c d e Our buildings State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 7 February 2011 Mitchell Library Centenary State Library of New South Wales Archived from the original on 18 February 2011 Retrieved 7 February 2011 ONE hundred Celebrating the centenary of the Mitchell Library State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 9 February 2011 News State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 22 February 2011 a b c National Library of Australia Legal Deposit requirements Australia wide Retrieved 30 November 2012 About LIAC pdf PDF State Library of NSW Archived from the original PDF on 21 April 2013 Retrieved 13 May 2013 About Us drug info your library State Library of NSW Retrieved 13 May 2013 Library Council of NSW Annual Report 2009 10 PDF State Library of New South Wales Archived from the original PDF on 13 March 2011 Retrieved 11 February 2011 Pandora Archives Frequently Asked Questions Pandora Australia s Web Archive National Library of Australia and partners Retrieved 14 May 2013 Digital Collecting Framework National and State Libraries Australasia Retrieved 14 May 2013 Mitchell and Dixson collections State Library of NSW Retrieved 19 June 2013 Lachlan Macquarie 1813 Holey dollar and dump first distinct coinage of New South Wales State Library of New South Wales Sydney Captain James Wallis 1818 Macquarie Collector s Chest State Library of New South Wales Sydney George Arthur 1828 1830 Proclamation board issued to Aborigines by Gov George Arthur State Library of New South Wales Sydney Joseph Backler 1835 1840 Port Macquarie New South Wales State Library of New South Wales Sydney George Baron Goodman 1845 Dr William Bland State Library of New South Wales Sydney Eugene von Guerard 1860 Cabbage Trees near the Shoalhaven River State Library of New South Wales Sydney Frank Hurley 1915 British Imperial Trans Antarctic Expedition 1914 1917 Paget plates State Library of New South Wales Sydney Sam Hood 1930 1954 Sam Hood Photographic Collection State Library of New South Wales Sydney Eileen Wearne 1920 1947 Photographs and papers mainly concerning the 1932 Los Angeles Olympic Games ca 1920 1947 State Library of New South Wales Sydney About catalogues amp indexes State Library of NSW State Library of NSW Retrieved 10 May 2013 NSW State Library catalogue goes online Sydney Morning Herald Retrieved 10 May 2013 eresources State Library of NSW State Library of NSW Retrieved 10 May 2013 Papers of Sir Joseph Banks online collection State Library of NSW Retrieved 27 May 2013 Matthew Flinders Electronic Archive State Library of NSW Archived from the original on 11 October 2007 Retrieved 29 May 2013 Sam Hood photographic collection 1916 ca 1955 State Library of NSW catalogue Retrieved 29 May 2013 Photography Holtermann Collection Discover Collections State Library of NSW Retrieved 29 May 2013 The Holtermann Collection Photographs of Goldfield Towns in NSW and Victoria Sydney and Melbourne Streets and Buildings 1872 1876 Australian Memory of the World Register National Committee of Australia Retrieved 29 May 2013 Discover Collections State Library of NSW State Library of NSW Retrieved 10 May 2013 SCOOP State library Delivers the news newspaper digitisation going viral Public Library Services blog State Library of NSW Retrieved 10 May 2013 377 million boost to NSW arts and culture pdf PDF Budget 12 13 NSW Government Retrieved 10 May 2013 Digital Excellence State Library of NSW State Library of NSW Retrieved 10 May 2013 Usage of collections images on Wikipedia Retrieved 21 May 2018 a b What is legal deposit National Library of Australia 17 February 2016 Retrieved 6 May 2020 What is National edeposit NED NED Retrieved 6 May 2020 eResources State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 16 April 2013 Sign up for a Library card State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 16 April 2013 Exhibitions State Library of New South Wales Retrieved 16 April 2013 Library Act 1939 No 40 NSW Government Retrieved 2 May 2013 Library Regulation 2010 NSW Government Retrieved 2 May 2013 State Library of New South Wales 2012 People places a guide for public library buildings in New South Wales 3rd ed State Library of NSW ISBN 978 0 7313 7211 9 Library Council of New South Wales Libraries Alive Firm Library of New South Wales 2008 Living learning libraries standards and guidelines for NSW public libraries Library Council of New South Wales ISSN 1836 5094 J L Management Services Pty Ltd Library Council of New South Wales State Library of New South Wales 2008 Enriching communities the value of public libraries in New South Wales summary report Library Council of New South Wales ISBN 978 0 7313 7186 0 New South Wales Library Act 1939 No 40 Retrieved 30 November 2012 Library Act 1939 Section 7A NSW Legislation NSW Government Retrieved 31 March 2013 a b c d e f g h Fletcher Brian 2007 Magnificent Obsession the story of the Mitchell Library Sydney Sydney Allen amp Unwin ISBN 978 1 74175 291 5 Fletcher B H Bladen Frank Murcott 1858 1912 Australian Dictionary of Biography published first in hardcopy 2005 ed National Centre of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 20 December 2018 Retirement message from the State Librarian State Library of NSW Retrieved 6 September 2016 Dr John Vallance to head up the State Library Press release State Library of NSW 3 August 2017 Retrieved 20 December 2018 Whitaker Anne Maree Wright Hugh 1868 1957 People Australia National Centre of Biography Australian National University Retrieved 20 December 2018 131500 Sydney bus timetable NSW Government Retrieved 16 April 2013 131500 Sydney ferries travel and service information NSW Government Retrieved 16 April 2013 a b c d e Noel Bell Ridley Smith amp Partners 1999 GusWorld Duran Duran Sources Edit Attraction Homepage 2007 State Library of NSW Graham Brooks amp Associates 1997 Section 170 Register Report Jones David J 1988 A Source of Inspiration and Delight NBRS Architecture Heritage 2016 Conservation Management Plan Mitchell Building State Library of NSW Vol 1 Report NBRS Architecture Heritage 2017 Conservation Management Plan Mitchell Building State Library of NSW Vol 1 Report Vol 2 Inventory Sheets Noel Bell Ridley Smith amp Partners 1999 NSW State Library Conservation Plan Noel Bell Ridley Smith amp Partners 1999 The Mitchell Wing State Library of NSW Report on Heritage Curtilage Noel Bell Ridley Smith amp Partners Pty Ltd 2002 The Mitchell Wing State Library of NSW Conservation Plan Tourism NSW 2007 State Library of New South Wales Attribution This Wikipedia article contains material from State Library of NSW entry number 1071 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC BY 4 0 licence accessed on 13 October 2018 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to State Library of New South Wales State Library of New South Wales website State Library of New South Wales at Google Cultural Institute National and State Libraries Australasia NSLA ONE hundred Celebrating the anniversary of the Mitchell Library the website for the major showcase exhibition at the Mitchell Library celebrating its centenary during 2010 Marr David 2014 The Mitchell Dictionary of Sydney Dictionary of Sydney Trust Retrieved 9 October 2015 CC By SA Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title State Library of New South Wales amp oldid 1059376162, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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