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State Line Archeological District

The State Line Archeological District (also known as the State Line Site) is a complex of archaeological sites and national historic district located west of Elizabethtown, Ohio, United States. Located on both sides of the Indiana/Ohio border, the historic district is composed of five contributing properties spread out across 8 acres (3.2 ha) of land. It is believed to have been the site of a village of the Fort Ancient culture of prehistoric Native Americans.

State Line Archeological District
Fields in the district
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LocationOn the Indiana/Ohio line, 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the Ohio River: 113–114
Nearest cityElizabethtown, Ohio
Coordinates39°8′15″N84°49′12″W /39.13750°N 84.82000°W /39.13750; -84.82000Coordinates: 39°8′15″N84°49′12″W /39.13750°N 84.82000°W /39.13750; -84.82000
Area8 acres (3.2 ha)
NRHP reference No.75001423
Added to NRHPJuly 24, 1975

Radiocarbon dating has revealed that State Line was occupied at approximately the same time as the SunWatch Site near Dayton, Ohio and the Turpin Site at Newtown, Ohio, while post-excavation analysis has shown that the inhabitants of the three sites were all members of the same culture.: 113–114 Occupation of these sites is believed to date from the Middle Fort Ancient period of the thirteenth century AD.: 91

A leading part of the district is a village site, also known as the "Henry Bechtel Village"; it includes a wide midden and a cemetery. Plowing of the fields at the village site has frequently turned up a wide range of artifacts, including burial pits, hearths, and trash pits. Ceramics found during excavation at the site have typically been tempered with shells. This pottery shares many characteristics with that produced by Middle Mississippian cultures, such as distinctive styles of painting and the presence of pottery modelled after owls and the heads of humans.

Because the midden is wide but quite shallow, it has been proposed that the village's population was significant but its period of occupation was short.

Among the district's contributing properties are three small burial mounds, which appear to be the work of earlier mound building peoples. At one time, the site comprised five mounds, but only three remain within the district's boundaries.

In 1975, State Line was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its archaeological significance.

State Line Archeological District
State Line Archeological District Language Watch Edit The State Line Archeological District also known as the State Line Site 1 is a complex of archaeological sites and national historic district located west of Elizabethtown Ohio United States Located on both sides of the Indiana Ohio border 2 the historic district is composed of five contributing properties spread out across 8 acres 3 2 ha of land 1 It is believed to have been the site of a village of the Fort Ancient culture of prehistoric Native Americans State Line Archeological DistrictU S National Register of Historic PlacesU S Historic districtFields in the districtShow map of OhioShow map of the United StatesLocationOn the Indiana Ohio line 2 miles 3 2 km north of the Ohio River 2 113 114 Nearest cityElizabethtown OhioCoordinates39 8 15 N 84 49 12 W 39 13750 N 84 82000 W 39 13750 84 82000 Coordinates 39 8 15 N 84 49 12 W 39 13750 N 84 82000 W 39 13750 84 82000Area8 acres 3 2 ha NRHP reference No 75001423 1 Added to NRHPJuly 24 1975 Radiocarbon dating has revealed that State Line was occupied at approximately the same time as the SunWatch Site near Dayton Ohio and the Turpin Site at Newtown Ohio while post excavation analysis has shown that the inhabitants of the three sites were all members of the same culture 2 113 114 Occupation of these sites is believed to date from the Middle Fort Ancient period of the thirteenth century AD 2 91 A leading part of the district is a village site also known as the Henry Bechtel Village it includes a wide midden and a cemetery Plowing of the fields at the village site has frequently turned up a wide range of artifacts including burial pits hearths and trash pits 3 Ceramics found during excavation at the site have typically been tempered with shells 4 This pottery shares many characteristics with that produced by Middle Mississippian cultures such as distinctive styles of painting and the presence of pottery modelled after owls and the heads of humans 5 Because the midden is wide but quite shallow it has been proposed that the village s population was significant but its period of occupation was short 3 Among the district s contributing properties are three small burial mounds which appear to be the work of earlier mound building peoples At one time the site comprised five mounds but only three remain within the district s boundaries 3 In 1975 State Line was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its archaeological significance 1 See also EditList of archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in IndianaReferences Edit a b c d National Register Information System National Register of Historic Places National Park Service March 13 2009 a b c d Gosman James Howard Patterns in Ontogeny of Human Trabecular Bone from Sunwatch Village in the Prehistoric Ohio Valley Diss Ohio State University 2007 Accessed 2010 04 14 a b c Owen Lorrie K ed Dictionary of Ohio Historic Places Vol 1 St Clair Shores Somerset 1999 674 675 Brady Rawlins Kathleen The O C Voss Site Reassessing What We Know about the Fort Ancient Occupation of the Central Scioto Drainage and Its Tributaries Diss Ohio State University 2007 26 Accessed 2010 04 12 Cook Robert Allen Sunwatch Fort Ancient Development in the Mississippian World Tuscaloosa U of Alabama P 2007 139 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title State Line Archeological District amp oldid 1015104210, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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