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State Street Bridge (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)

The State Street Bridge, also known as the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge, is a 1,312-foot (400 m) concrete, deck arch bridge that spans Pennsylvania Route 230 and Paxton Creek in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The bridge was completed in 1930 and was intended to be the principal entrance into downtown Harrisburg and the Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex from the east.

State Street Bridge
HAER photo of the State Street Bridge
Coordinates40°16′0″N76°52′42″W /40.26667°N 76.87833°W /40.26667; -76.87833Coordinates: 40°16′0″N76°52′42″W /40.26667°N 76.87833°W /40.26667; -76.87833
CarriesSR 3014 (State Street)
Crosses PA 230, Paxton Creek,
Amtrak / Norfolk Southern tracks
LocaleDauphin, Pennsylvania, United States
Other name(s)Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge
Maintained byPennDOT
NBI #223014003001900[permanent dead link]
Characteristics
Total length1,312 ft (400 m)
Width80 ft (24 m)
Load limit36 short tons (33 t)
History
Constructed byWilliam Gehron, Sidney F. Ross
Construction endAugust 22, 1930
Statistics
Daily traffic8,182 (2009)
MPSHighway Bridges Owned by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation TR
NRHP reference No.88000761
Added to NRHPJune 22, 1988
Location

The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 1988, and was documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in 1997.

Contents

After the Pennsylvania State Capitol building burned to ground in 1897, plans were drawn up to improve and expand the park that surrounds the Capitol building. The plans were for a more impressive Capitol building that would prevent other Pennsylvania cities like Philadelphia from challenging Harrisburg's claim as the seat of the state government. After the land that was necessary for the expansion was acquired in 1916, Arnold Brunner was hired to design the plans for the construction and landscaping of the new buildings. Planning was interrupted by World War I.

After the war, in 1919, it was decided to make the bridge a memorial to the armed forces of the United States and Pennsylvania that had fought in the war. The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed an act authorizing the construction of the bridge on July 18, 1919. In 1926, William Gehron and Sidney Ross revised the plans that Brunner had made for the bridge in 1921 after his death in 1925. Changes they made included a more massive bridge and taller, "more streamlined" pylons.

Construction began on the bridge in September 1925. The General Assembly appropriated $361,000 ($5.38 million in present-day terms) for the bridge in the 1927 and 1929 sessions of the assembly. The city of Harrisburg also contributed $300,000 ($4.47 million in present-day terms). The bridge was completed on August 22, 1930.

The bridge was renovated in 1955 by J. Richard Nissley, who added a 36-foot (11 m) steel girder span on the bridge's east end. The road deck and sidewalks were replaced in 1957. The State Street Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 1988.

HAER photo of the arches with the pylons and the State Capitol dome in the background

Two 145-foot (44 m) tall and 16-foot (4.9 m) wide pylons flank the western end of the bridge. Each pylon has an eagle perched on it, one signifying the United States Army and the other signifying the United States Navy. Each eagle weighs approximately 300 short tons (270 t) and is 21 feet (6.4 m) tall. The eagles were created by sculptor Lee Lawrie. The four faces of the pylons each have the year of one of eight wars that United States had participated in up until World War I.

The keystone of each arch of the bridge has a carving of a weapon that was developed and used during World War I.

Although never built, plans for the bridge included a museum built under the western end of the bridge. The museum was to include Pennsylvania flags that were used in battle and a list of all the Pennsylvanians who fought in World War I.

Wikimedia Commons has media related toState Street Bridge (Harrisburg).
  1. Federal Highway Administration (2010). "Place Name: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania NBI Structure Number: 223014003001900; Facility Carried: SR 3014". National Bridge Inventory. Nationalbridges.com (Alexander Svirsky). RetrievedJune 16, 2010.[permanent dead link] Note: this is a formatted scrape of the 2006 official website, which can be found here for Pennsylvania: "PA09.txt". Federal Highway Administration. 2009. RetrievedJune 16, 2010.
  2. Semmer, p. 3.
  3. "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. RetrievedJune 16, 2010.
  4. Semmer, p. 6.
  5. Semmer, p. 7.
  6. Semmer, p. 9.
  7. 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". RetrievedJanuary 1, 2020.
  8. "Soldiers' and Sailors Grove and Memorial Bridge". Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. RetrievedDecember 4, 2008.
  9. Semmer, p. 4.

State Street Bridge (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
State Street Bridge Harrisburg Pennsylvania Article Talk Language Watch Edit The State Street Bridge also known as the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge is a 1 312 foot 400 m concrete deck arch bridge that spans Pennsylvania Route 230 and Paxton Creek in Harrisburg Pennsylvania The bridge was completed in 1930 and was intended to be the principal entrance into downtown Harrisburg and the Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex from the east State Street BridgeHAER photo of the State Street BridgeCoordinates40 16 0 N 76 52 42 W 40 26667 N 76 87833 W 40 26667 76 87833 Coordinates 40 16 0 N 76 52 42 W 40 26667 N 76 87833 W 40 26667 76 87833CarriesSR 3014 State Street CrossesPA 230 Paxton Creek Amtrak Norfolk Southern tracksLocaleDauphin Pennsylvania United StatesOther name s Soldiers and Sailors Memorial BridgeMaintained byPennDOTNBI 223014003001900 permanent dead link CharacteristicsTotal length1 312 ft 400 m 1 Width80 ft 24 m 2 Load limit36 short tons 33 t HistoryConstructed byWilliam Gehron Sidney F RossConstruction endAugust 22 1930StatisticsDaily traffic8 182 2009 1 U S National Register of Historic PlacesMPSHighway Bridges Owned by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Transportation TRNRHP reference No 88000761 3 Added to NRHPJune 22 1988Location The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22 1988 and was documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in 1997 Contents 1 History 2 Design 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesHistory EditAfter the Pennsylvania State Capitol building burned to ground in 1897 plans were drawn up to improve and expand the park that surrounds the Capitol building 4 The plans were for a more impressive Capitol building that would prevent other Pennsylvania cities like Philadelphia from challenging Harrisburg s claim as the seat of the state government 4 After the land that was necessary for the expansion was acquired in 1916 Arnold Brunner was hired to design the plans for the construction and landscaping of the new buildings Planning was interrupted by World War I After the war in 1919 it was decided to make the bridge a memorial to the armed forces of the United States and Pennsylvania that had fought in the war 5 The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed an act authorizing the construction of the bridge on July 18 1919 In 1926 William Gehron and Sidney Ross revised the plans that Brunner had made for the bridge in 1921 after his death in 1925 Changes they made included a more massive bridge and taller more streamlined pylons 5 Construction began on the bridge in September 1925 The General Assembly appropriated 361 000 5 38 million in present day terms for the bridge in the 1927 and 1929 sessions of the assembly 6 7 The city of Harrisburg also contributed 300 000 4 47 million in present day terms 7 The bridge was completed on August 22 1930 The bridge was renovated in 1955 by J Richard Nissley who added a 36 foot 11 m steel girder span on the bridge s east end 2 The road deck and sidewalks were replaced in 1957 2 The State Street Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22 1988 Design Edit HAER photo of the arches with the pylons and the State Capitol dome in the background Two 145 foot 44 m tall and 16 foot 4 9 m wide pylons flank the western end of the bridge 8 Each pylon has an eagle perched on it one signifying the United States Army and the other signifying the United States Navy 8 Each eagle weighs approximately 300 short tons 270 t and is 21 feet 6 4 m tall 9 The eagles were created by sculptor Lee Lawrie The four faces of the pylons each have the year of one of eight wars that United States had participated in up until World War I 8 The keystone of each arch of the bridge has a carving of a weapon that was developed and used during World War I 8 Although never built plans for the bridge included a museum built under the western end of the bridge The museum was to include Pennsylvania flags that were used in battle and a list of all the Pennsylvanians who fought in World War I 8 9 See also EditWikimedia Commons has media related to State Street Bridge Harrisburg List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Pennsylvania List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania National Register of Historic Places listings in Dauphin County PennsylvaniaNotes Edit a b Federal Highway Administration 2010 Place Name Harrisburg Pennsylvania NBI Structure Number 223014003001900 Facility Carried SR 3014 National Bridge Inventory Nationalbridges com Alexander Svirsky Retrieved June 16 2010 permanent dead link Note this is a formatted scrape of the 2006 official website which can be found here for Pennsylvania PA09 txt Federal Highway Administration 2009 Retrieved June 16 2010 a b c Semmer p 3 NPS Focus National Register of Historic Places National Park Service Retrieved June 16 2010 a b Semmer p 6 a b Semmer p 7 Semmer p 9 a b 1634 1699 McCusker J J 1997 How Much Is That in Real Money A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States Addenda et Corrigenda PDF American Antiquarian Society 1700 1799 McCusker J J 1992 How Much Is That in Real Money A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States PDF American Antiquarian Society 1800 present Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Consumer Price Index estimate 1800 Retrieved January 1 2020 a b c d e Soldiers and Sailors Grove and Memorial Bridge Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs Archived from the original on December 5 2008 Retrieved December 4 2008 a b Semmer p 4 References EditRemy Patricia A Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 1982 Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge PDF Pennsylvania Historic Resource Survey Form Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Retrieved June 18 2010 Historic American Engineering Record HAER No PA 456 Soldiers amp Sailors Memorial Bridge 12 photos 1 color transparency 12 data pages by Blythe Semmer 1997 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title State Street Bridge Harrisburg Pennsylvania amp oldid 997080097, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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