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State funeral of Edward VII

The state funeral of Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India, occurred on Friday, 20 May 1910.

State funeral of Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India
The funeral procession of King Edward VII, passing through Windsor.
DateFriday, 20 May 1910 (1910-05-20)
LocationSt George's Chapel, Windsor Castle (official ceremony)
ParticipantsBritish royal family

The funeral was the largest gathering of European royalty ever to take place, with representatives of 70 states, and the last before many royal families were deposed in the First World War and its aftermath.

Contents

The lying-in-state of King Edward VII in Westminster Hall, 17-19 May 1910.

King Edward VII had died on 6 May, and following a private lying in state in the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace, on 17 May the coffin was taken in procession to Westminster Hall, where there was a public lying in state. This was the first to be held in the hall for a member of the Royal Family and was inspired by the lying in state of William Gladstone there in 1898. On the first day, thousands of members of the public queued patiently in the rain to pay their respects; some 25,000 people were turned away when the gates were closed at 10 pm. On 19 May, Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to have the hall closed while he laid a wreath; however, the police advised that there might be disorder if that happened, so the Kaiser was taken in through another entrance while the public continued to file past. An estimated half a million people visited the hall during the three days that it was open.

The body of the late King lying on bed, 20 May 1910

The funeral was held two weeks after the king's death on 20 May. Huge crowds, estimated at between three and five million, gathered to watch the procession, the route of which was lined by 35,000 soldiers. It passed from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Hall, where a small ceremony was conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Randall Davidson, before a small group of official mourners – the late King's widow Queen Alexandra, his son King George V, his daughter The Princess Victoria, his brother the Duke of Connaught, and his nephew the German Emperor. The remainder of the funeral party waited outside the Hall, consisting of thousands of people. Big Ben, the bell in the nearby clock tower, was rung 68 times, one for each year of Edward VII's life. This was the first time it was used in this way at a monarch's funeral.

The whole procession then proceeded from Westminster Hall, via Whitehall and the Mall, from Hyde Park Corner up to the Marble Arch, and thence to Paddington Station; from there, a funeral train conveyed the mourners to Windsor. The mourners used the Royal Train, which together with the funeral car built for Queen Victoria, was hauled by the GWR 4000 Class locomotive King Edward. From the station, the procession then continued on to Windsor Castle, and a full funeral ceremony was held in St George's Chapel. The funeral service followed the format used for Queen Victoria, except that it included the interment within the chapel, whereas Victoria had been interred at Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore. The liturgy was closely based on the Order for The Burial of the Dead from the Book of Common Prayer. Queen Alexandra had specifically requested an anthem by Sir Arthur Sullivan, Brother, thou art gone before us, however Archbishop Davidson and other senior clerics thought that the piece lacked sufficient gravitas and Alexandra was persuaded to accept instead His Body Is Buried In Peace, the chorus from George Frideric Handel's Funeral Anthem For Queen Caroline.

The funeral directors to the Royal Household appointed to assist during this occasion were the family business of William Banting of St James's Street, London. The Banting family also conducted the funerals of King George III in 1820, King George IV in 1830, the Duke of Gloucester in 1834, the Duke of Wellington in 1852, Prince Albert in 1861, Prince Leopold in 1884, and Queen Victoria in 1901. The royal undertaking warrant for the Banting family ended in 1928 with the retirement of William Westport Banting.

Edward's body was provisionally buried in the Royal Vault at Windsor under the Albert Chapel. On the instructions of Queen Alexandra, a monument was designed and executed by Bertram Mackennal in 1919, featuring tomb effigies of the king and queen in white marble mounted on a black and green marble sarcophagus, where both bodies were buried after the queen's death in 1925 in the South Aisle. The monument includes a depiction of Edward's favourite dog, Caesar, lying at his feet.

The Nine Sovereigns at Windsor for the funeral of King Edward VII, photographed on 20 May 1910. Standing, from left to right: Haakon VII of Norway, Ferdinand of Bulgaria, Manuel II of Portugal, Wilhelm II of Germany, George I of Greece and Albert I of Belgium. Seated, from left to right: Alfonso XIII of Spain, George V of the United Kingdom and Frederick VIII of Denmark.
Ceremonial funeral procession of King Edward VII (1901-1910) passing through the streets of London on May 20, 1910. Views of the moving casket, heads of state walking behind the casket, the royal carriage, and various marching military units. Attending the ceremony were Kaiser Wilhelm II, Stéphen Pichon, kings of Spain, Portugal, Denmark, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and Theodore Roosevelt.

The funeral was notable for the enormous number of important European and world royalty who participated in it. The funeral procession saw a horseback procession, followed by 11 carriages.

Figures on horseback included the following, along with various military figures and equerries (given roughly in the order they rode:

Procession of the Nine Kings, an artist's impression by Harry Payne.

Those who followed behind in the carriages included:

Other relatives of the late king also attended the funeral:

  1. Tuchman 2014, p. 1.
  2. Range, Matthias (2016). British Royal and State Funerals: Music and Ceremonial since Elizabeth I. Boydell Press. pp. 277=278. ISBN 978-1783270927.
  3. "Plaque: Westminster Hall - Edward VII". www.londonremembers.com. London Remembers. Retrieved23 November 2019.
  4. Hibbert, Christopher (2007). Edward VII: The Last Victorian King. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 318. ISBN 978-1-4039-8377-0.
  5. Quigley, Christine (2005). The Corpse: A History. Jefferson NC: McFarland & Co. p. 67. ISBN 978-0786424498.
  6. Hopkins, John Castell (1910). The Life of King Edward VII. Palala Press (2016 reprint). p. 342. ISBN 978-1356057740.
  7. Weinreb & Hibbert 1992, p. 66
  8. Maggs, Colin (2011). The Branch Lines of Berkshire. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Amberley Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-1848683471.
  9. Todd Van Beck, "The Death and State Funeral of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill", part II, in Canadian Funeral News (October 2012), Vol. 40 Issue 10, p. 10 (online Archived 2014-03-16 at the Wayback Machine)
  10. Dodson, Aidan (2004). The Royal Tombs of Great Britain: An Illustrated History. Gerald Duckworth & Co Ltd. p. 145. ISBN 978-0715633106.
  11. Tuchman 2014, p. 6.
  12. "The London Gazette, Supplement:28401, Page:5471". www.thegazette.co.uk. TSO. 26 July 1910. Retrieved24 November 2019.

Media related to Funeral of Edward VII of the United Kingdom at Wikimedia Commons

State funeral of Edward VII
State funeral of Edward VII Language Watch Edit The state funeral of Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India occurred on Friday 20 May 1910 State funeral of Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Emperor of IndiaThe funeral procession of King Edward VII passing through Windsor DateFriday 20 May 1910 1910 05 20 LocationSt George s Chapel Windsor Castle official ceremony ParticipantsBritish royal family The funeral was the largest gathering of European royalty ever to take place with representatives of 70 states and the last before many royal families were deposed in the First World War and its aftermath 1 Contents 1 Organisation 2 People in the procession 3 Notes 4 ReferencesOrganisation Edit The lying in state of King Edward VII in Westminster Hall 17 19 May 1910 King Edward VII had died on 6 May and following a private lying in state in the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace 2 on 17 May the coffin was taken in procession to Westminster Hall where there was a public lying in state 3 This was the first to be held in the hall for a member of the Royal Family and was inspired by the lying in state of William Gladstone there in 1898 2 On the first day thousands of members of the public queued patiently in the rain to pay their respects some 25 000 people were turned away when the gates were closed at 10 pm On 19 May Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to have the hall closed while he laid a wreath however the police advised that there might be disorder if that happened so the Kaiser was taken in through another entrance while the public continued to file past 4 An estimated half a million people visited the hall during the three days that it was open 5 The body of the late King lying on bed 20 May 1910 The funeral was held two weeks after the king s death on 20 May Huge crowds estimated at between three and five million gathered to watch the procession the route of which was lined by 35 000 soldiers 6 It passed from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Hall where a small ceremony was conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury Randall Davidson before a small group of official mourners the late King s widow Queen Alexandra his son King George V his daughter The Princess Victoria his brother the Duke of Connaught and his nephew the German Emperor The remainder of the funeral party waited outside the Hall consisting of thousands of people Big Ben the bell in the nearby clock tower was rung 68 times one for each year of Edward VII s life This was the first time it was used in this way at a monarch s funeral 7 The whole procession then proceeded from Westminster Hall via Whitehall and the Mall from Hyde Park Corner up to the Marble Arch and thence to Paddington Station from there a funeral train conveyed the mourners to Windsor 2 The mourners used the Royal Train which together with the funeral car built for Queen Victoria was hauled by the GWR 4000 Class locomotive King Edward 8 From the station the procession then continued on to Windsor Castle and a full funeral ceremony was held in St George s Chapel The funeral service followed the format used for Queen Victoria except that it included the interment within the chapel whereas Victoria had been interred at Royal Mausoleum Frogmore The liturgy was closely based on the Order for The Burial of the Dead from the Book of Common Prayer Queen Alexandra had specifically requested an anthem by Sir Arthur Sullivan Brother thou art gone before us however Archbishop Davidson and other senior clerics thought that the piece lacked sufficient gravitas and Alexandra was persuaded to accept instead His Body Is Buried In Peace the chorus from George Frideric Handel s Funeral Anthem For Queen Caroline 2 The funeral directors to the Royal Household appointed to assist during this occasion were the family business of William Banting of St James s Street London The Banting family also conducted the funerals of King George III in 1820 King George IV in 1830 the Duke of Gloucester in 1834 the Duke of Wellington in 1852 Prince Albert in 1861 Prince Leopold in 1884 and Queen Victoria in 1901 The royal undertaking warrant for the Banting family ended in 1928 with the retirement of William Westport Banting 9 Edward s body was provisionally buried in the Royal Vault at Windsor under the Albert Chapel On the instructions of Queen Alexandra a monument was designed and executed by Bertram Mackennal in 1919 featuring tomb effigies of the king and queen in white marble mounted on a black and green marble sarcophagus where both bodies were buried after the queen s death in 1925 in the South Aisle The monument includes a depiction of Edward s favourite dog Caesar lying at his feet 10 People in the procession Edit The Nine Sovereigns at Windsor for the funeral of King Edward VII photographed on 20 May 1910 Standing from left to right Haakon VII of Norway Ferdinand of Bulgaria Manuel II of Portugal Wilhelm II of Germany George I of Greece and Albert I of Belgium Seated from left to right Alfonso XIII of Spain George V of the United Kingdom and Frederick VIII of Denmark Play media Ceremonial funeral procession of King Edward VII 1901 1910 passing through the streets of London on May 20 1910 Views of the moving casket heads of state walking behind the casket the royal carriage and various marching military units Attending the ceremony were Kaiser Wilhelm II Stephen Pichon kings of Spain Portugal Denmark Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Theodore Roosevelt The funeral was notable for the enormous number of important European and world royalty who participated in it The funeral procession saw a horseback procession followed by 11 carriages Figures on horseback included the following along with various military figures and equerries given roughly in the order they rode Procession of the Nine Kings an artist s impression by Harry Payne The King of the United Kingdom the late King s son The German Emperor King of Prussia the late King s nephew The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn the late King s brother The King of the Hellenes the late King s brother in law The King of Spain the late King s nephew in law The King of Norway the late King s nephew and son in law The King of Denmark the late King s brother in law The King of Portugal a fellow member of the House of Saxe Coburg and Gotha The Tsar of the Bulgarians a fellow member of the House of Saxe Coburg and Gotha The King of the Belgians a fellow member of the House of Saxe Coburg and Gotha The Archduke of Austria Este heir presumptive to the throne of Austria Hungary representing the Emperor of Austria The Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire representing the Ottoman Sultan Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia younger brother of the Russian Emperor the late King s nephew The Duke of Aosta cousin of the King of Italy Prince Fushimi Sadanaru cousin of the Emperor of Japan The Duke of Sparta the late King s nephew The Crown Prince of Romania the late King s nephew in law representing the King of Romania Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria grandson of the Prince Regent of Bavaria Duke Albrecht of Wurttemberg cousin of the King of Wurttemberg 11 The Crown Prince of Serbia representing the King of Serbia Prince Henry of the Netherlands husband of the Queen of the Netherlands The Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine the late King s nephew The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz Prince Henry of Prussia the late King s nephew The Duke of Saxe Coburg and Gotha the late King s nephew Prince Johann Georg of Saxony brother of the King of Saxony The Duke of Vastergotland brother of the King of Sweden and the late King s nephew in law The Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince Mohammed Ali of Egypt heir presumptive to the throne of Egypt representing the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan Prince Arthur of Connaught the late King s nephew Prince Christian of Schleswig Holstein the late King s brother in law Prince Albert of Schleswig Holstein the late King s nephew Prince Alexander of Battenberg the late King s nephew The Duke of Fife the late King s son in law The Duke of Teck brother in law of the late King s successor Prince Francis of Teck brother in law of the late King s successor Prince Alexander of Teck brother in law of the late King s successor and the late king s nephew in law Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark the late King s nephew Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia Prince Maximilian of Baden the late King s nephew in law heir presumptive to the throne of Baden representing the Grand Duke of Baden The Crown Prince of Montenegro representing the Prince of Montenegro Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark the late King s nephew Prince Philipp of Saxe Coburg and Gotha The Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz Prince Luis of Orleans Braganza The Duke of Penthievre a member of the French Orleanist royal house Prince Leopold Clement of Saxe Coburg and Gotha Prince Wolrad of Waldeck Pyrmont Prince Bovaradej of Siam nephew of the King of Siam Those who followed behind in the carriages included Caesar the late King s dog who led the funeral procession with a highlander walking behind the carriage that carried the King s coffin Queen Alexandra the late King s widow Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia the late King s sister in law The Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife the late King s daughter The Princess Victoria the late King s daughter The Queen of the United Kingdom the late King s daughter in law The Queen of Norway the late King s daughter The Duke of Cornwall the late King s grandson The Princess Mary the late King s granddaughter Princess Christian of Schleswig Holstein the late King s sister The Princess Louise Duchess of Argyll the late King s sister Princess Henry of Battenberg the late King s sister The Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn the late King s sister in law The Dowager Duchess of Albany the late King s sister in law Princess Patricia of Connaught the late King s niece Princess Alexandra the late King s granddaughter Princess Maud the late King s granddaughter Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig Holstein the late King s niece Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig Holstein the late King s niece The Prince Albert the late King s grandson The Prince Henry the late King s grandson Prince George of Hanover and Cumberland the late King s nephew Prince Zaitao of China representing the Qing Dynasty uncle to the Emperor Former President Theodore Roosevelt representing the United States Foreign Affairs Minister Stephen Pichon representing the French Republic Samad Khan Momtaz os Saltaneh representing Persia Other relatives of the late king also attended the funeral 12 Prince Louis of Battenberg the late king s nephew in law The Duke of Argyll the late king s brother in law Prince Maurice of Battenberg the late king s nephew Count Edward Gleichen the late king s half first cousin once removed Prince George of Battenberg the late king s grand nephew The Duchess of Saxe Coburg and Gotha the late king s niece in law Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark the late king s grand niece Princess Louis of Battenberg the late king s niece The Duchess of Teck sister in law of the late king s successor Princess Louise of Battenberg the late king s grand niece Princess Victor of Hohenlohe Langenburg widow of the late king s half cousin Countess Feodora Gleichen the late king s half first cousin once removed The Duke of Alencon the late king s first cousin once removed The Count of Eu the late king s first cousin once removed The Duke of Vendome the late king s second cousinNotes Edit Tuchman 2014 p 1 a b c d Range Matthias 2016 British Royal and State Funerals Music and Ceremonial since Elizabeth I Boydell Press pp 277 278 ISBN 978 1783270927 Plaque Westminster Hall Edward VII www londonremembers com London Remembers Retrieved 23 November 2019 Hibbert Christopher 2007 Edward VII The Last Victorian King Basingstoke Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan p 318 ISBN 978 1 4039 8377 0 Quigley Christine 2005 The Corpse A History Jefferson NC McFarland amp Co p 67 ISBN 978 0786424498 Hopkins John Castell 1910 The Life of King Edward VII Palala Press 2016 reprint p 342 ISBN 978 1356057740 Weinreb amp Hibbert 1992 p 66 Maggs Colin 2011 The Branch Lines of Berkshire Stroud Gloucestershire Amberley Publishing p 10 ISBN 978 1848683471 Todd Van Beck The Death and State Funeral of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill part II in Canadian Funeral News October 2012 Vol 40 Issue 10 p 10 online Archived 2014 03 16 at the Wayback Machine Dodson Aidan 2004 The Royal Tombs of Great Britain An Illustrated History Gerald Duckworth amp Co Ltd p 145 ISBN 978 0715633106 Tuchman 2014 p 6 The London Gazette Supplement 28401 Page 5471 www thegazette co uk TSO 26 July 1910 Retrieved 24 November 2019 References EditTuchman Barbara W 2014 The Guns of August Random House Trade ISBN 978 0 345 38623 6 Weinreb Ben Hibbert Christopher 1992 The London Encyclopaedia reprint ed Macmillan The Times May 21 1910 Media related to Funeral of Edward VII of the United Kingdom at Wikimedia Commons Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title State funeral of Edward VII amp oldid 1044719127, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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