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Wikipedia

Staten Island

This article is about the borough in New York City. For other uses, see Staten Island (disambiguation).

Staten Island () is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Richmond County, in the U.S. state of New York. Located in the southwest portion of the city, the borough is separated from New Jersey by the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull and from the rest of New York by New York Bay. With a population of 495,747 in the 2020 Census, Staten Island is the least-populated of the boroughs but is the third-largest in land area at 58.5 sq mi (152 km2).

Staten Island
Richmond County, New York
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge looking toward Staten Island
Flag
Seal
Nickname(s):
The Forgotten Borough, Shaolin
Interactive map outlining Staten Island
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates:40°34′19″N74°8′49″W /40.57194°N 74.14694°W /40.57194; -74.14694Coordinates: 40°34′19″N74°8′49″W /40.57194°N 74.14694°W /40.57194; -74.14694
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyRichmond (coterminous)
CityNew York City
Settled1661
Named for
Government
• TypeBorough
Borough presidentJames Oddo (R)
(Borough of Staten Island)
District AttorneyMichael McMahon (D)
(Richmond County)
Area
• Total102.5 sq mi (265 km2)
• Land58.5 sq mi (152 km2)
• Water44 sq mi (110 km2) 43%
Population
(2020)
• Total495,747
• Density8,618.3/sq mi (3,327.5/km2)
Demonym
Staten Islander
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern Daylight Time)
ZIP Code prefix
103
Area code718/347/929, 917
GDP (2018)US$14.5 billion
Websitewww.statenislandusa.com

A home to Lenape natives, the island was settled by Dutch colonists in the 17th century. It was one of the 12 original counties of New York state. Staten Island was consolidated with New York City in 1898. It was formally known as the Borough of Richmond until 1975, when its name was changed to Borough of Staten Island. Staten Island has sometimes been called "the forgotten borough" by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government.

The North Shore—especially the neighborhoods of St. George, Tompkinsville, Clifton, and Stapleton—is the most urban part of the island. It contains the designated St. George Historic District and the St. Paul's Avenue-Stapleton Heights Historic District, which feature large Victorian houses. The East Shore is home to the 2.5-mile (4 km) F.D.R. Boardwalk, the fourth-longest boardwalk in the world. The South Shore, site of the 17th-century Dutch and French Huguenot settlement, developed rapidly beginning in the 1960s and 1970s and is now mostly suburban in character. The West Shore is the least populated and most industrial part of the island.

Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge and Bayonne Bridge. Staten Island has Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) bus lines and an MTA rapid transit line, the Staten Island Railway, which runs from the ferry terminal at St. George to Tottenville. Staten Island is the only borough that is not connected to the New York City Subway system. The free Staten Island Ferry connects the borough to Manhattan across New York Harbor. It provides views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.

Contents

Native Americans

As in much of North America, human habitation appeared on the island fairly rapidly after the Wisconsin glaciation. Archaeologists have recovered tool evidence of Clovis culture activity dating from about 14,000 years ago. This evidence was first discovered in 1917 in the Charleston section of the island. Various Clovis artifacts have been discovered since then, on property owned by Mobil Oil.

The island was probably abandoned later, possibly because of the extirpation of large mammals on the island. Evidence of the first permanent Native American settlements and agriculture are thought to date from about 5,000 years ago, although early archaic habitation evidence has been found in multiple locations on the island.

Rossville points are distinct arrowheads that define a Native American cultural period from the Archaic period to the Early Woodland period, dating from about 1500 to 100 BC. They are named for the Rossville section of Staten Island, where they were first found near the old Rossville Post Office building.

Skeletons unearthed at Lenape burial ground in Staten Island, the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City

At the time of European contact, the island was inhabited by the Raritan band of the Unami division of the Lenape. In Lenape, one of the Algonquian languages, Staten Island was called Aquehonga Manacknong, meaning "as far as the place of the bad woods", or Eghquhous, meaning "the bad woods". The area was part of the Lenape homeland known as Lenapehoking. The Lenape were later called the "Delaware" by the English colonists because they inhabited both shores of what the English named the Delaware River.

The island was laced with Native American foot trails, one of which followed the south side of the ridge near the course of present-day Richmond Road and Amboy Road. The Lenape did not live in fixed encampments but moved seasonally, using slash and burn agriculture. Shellfish was a staple of their diet, including the Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) abundant in the waterways throughout the present-day New York City region. Evidence of their habitation can still be seen in shell middens along the shore in the Tottenville section, where oyster shells larger than 12 inches (305 mm) are sometimes found.

Burial Ridge, a Lenape burial ground on a bluff overlooking Raritan Bay in Tottenville, is the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City. Bodies have been reported unearthed at Burial Ridge from 1858 onward. After conducting independent research, which included unearthing bodies interred at the site, ethnologist and archaeologist George H. Pepper was contracted in 1895 to conduct paid archaeological research at Burial Ridge by the American Museum of Natural History. The burial ground today is unmarked and lies within Conference House Park.

European settlement

The first recorded European contact on the island was in 1520 by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano who sailed through The Narrows on the ship La Dauphine and anchored for one night.

The Dutch did not establish a permanent settlement on Staaten Eylandt for many decades. Its name derived from the Staten Generaal, the parliament of the Republic of the Seven United Dutch Provinces. From 1639 to 1655, Cornelis Melyn and David de Vries made three separate attempts to establish one there, but each time the settlement was destroyed in conflicts between the Dutch and the local tribe. In 1661, the first permanent Dutch settlement was established at Oude Dorp (Dutch for "Old Village") by a small group of Dutch, Walloon, and French Huguenot families, just south of the Narrows near South Beach. Many French Huguenots had gone to the Netherlands as refugees from the religious wars in France, suffering persecution for their Protestant faith, and some joined the emigration to New Netherland. At one point nearly a third of the residents of the Island spoke French. The last vestige of Oude Dorp is the name of the present-day neighborhood of Old Town adjacent to Old Town Road.

Staten Island was not spared the bloodshed that culminated in Kieft's War. In the summer of 1641 and in 1642, Native American tribes laid waste to Old Town.

Voorlezer's House built c. 1696

Richmond County

At the end of the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1667, the Dutch ceded New Netherland to England in the Treaty of Breda, and the Dutch Staaten Eylandt, anglicized as "Staten Island", became part of the new English colony of New York.

In 1670, the Native Americans ceded all claims to Staten Island to the English in a deed to Governor Francis Lovelace. In 1671, in order to encourage an expansion of the Dutch settlements, the English resurveyed Oude Dorp (which became known as 'Old Town') and expanded the lots along the shore to the south. These lots were settled primarily by Dutch families and became known as Nieuwe Dorp (meaning 'New Village'), which later became anglicized as New Dorp.

Captain Christopher Billopp, after years of distinguished service in the Royal Navy, came to America in 1674 in charge of a company of infantry. The following year, he settled on Staten Island, where he was granted a patent for 932 acres (3.8 km2) of land. According to one version of an oft-repeated but apocryphal tale, Captain Billopp's seamanship secured Staten Island to New York, rather than to New Jersey: the island would belong to New York if the captain could circumnavigate it in one day, which he did. This story is most likely untrue, due to conflicting information on the time Christopher Billopp took to complete the race and whether he received a personal prize or not. Mayor Michael Bloomberg perpetuated the myth by referring to it at a news conference in Brooklyn on February 20, 2007. Reliable historical documentation of the event is extremely sparse, however, and most historians conclude that it is entirely apocryphal. In 2007, The New York Times addressed the issue in a news article, which concluded that this event was heavily embellished over the years and almost certainly originated in local folklore. YouTube personality CGP Grey addressed the story of the Staten Island race and its historical discrepancies in a 2019 video, in which he concluded that Gabriel Disosway, a local chronicler in Staten Island, was responsible for originating the legend in the mid-1800s.

In 1683, the colony of New York was divided into ten counties. As part of this process, Staten Island, as well as several minor neighboring islands, was designated as Richmond County. The name derives from the title of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, an illegitimate son of King Charles II.

In 1687 and 1688, the English divided the island into four administrative divisions based on natural features: the 5,100-acre (21 km2) manorial estate of colonial governor Thomas Dongan in the northeastern hills known as the "Lordship or Manor of Cassiltown", along with the North, South, and West divisions. These divisions later evolved into the four towns of Castleton, Northfield, Southfield, and Westfield. In 1698, the population was 727.

The government granted land patents in rectangular blocks of 80 acres (320,000 m2), with the most desirable lands along the coastline and inland waterways. By 1708, the entire island had been divided up in this fashion, creating 166 small farms and two large manorial estates, the Dongan estate and a 1,600 acres (6.5 km2) parcel on the southwestern tip of the island belonging to Christopher Billopp.

The first county seat was established in New Dorp in what was called Stony Brook at the time. In 1729, the county seat was moved to the village of Richmond Town, located at the headwaters of the Fresh Kills near the center of the island. By 1771, the island's population had grown to 2,847.

18th century and the American Revolution

Sir Willam Howe established his headquarters at the Rose and Crown Tavern at New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road prior to the invasions of Long Island and Manhattan.

Staten Islanders were solidly supportive of the Crown, and the island played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War. General George Washington once called Islanders "our most inveterate enemies."

As support of independence spread throughout the colonies, residents of the island were so uninterested that no representatives were sent to the First Continental Congress, the only county in New York to not send anyone. This had economic repercussions in the months up through 1776, where New Jersey towns such as Elizabethport, Woodbridge, and Dover instituted boycotts on doing business with islanders.

On March 17, 1776, the British forces under Sir William Howe evacuated Boston and sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia. From Halifax, Howe prepared to attack New York City, which then consisted entirely of the southern end of Manhattan Island. General George Washington led the entire Continental Army to New York City in anticipation of the British attack. Howe used the strategic location of Staten Island as a staging ground for the invasion.

Over 140 British ships arrived over the summer of 1776 and anchored off the shores of Staten Island at the entrance to New York Harbor. The British soldiers and Hessian mercenaries numbered about 30,000. Howe established his headquarters in New Dorp at the Rose and Crown Tavern, near the junction of present New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road. There the representatives of the British government reportedly received their first notification of the Declaration of Independence.

In August 1776, the British forces crossed the Narrows to Brooklyn and outflanked the American forces at the Battle of Long Island, resulting in the British control of the harbor and the capture of New York City shortly afterwards. Three weeks later, on September 11, 1776, Sir William's brother, Lord Howe, received a delegation of Americans consisting of Benjamin Franklin, Edward Rutledge, and John Adams at the Conference House on the southwestern tip of the island on the former estate of Christopher Billopp. The Americans refused a peace offer from Howe in exchange for withdrawing the Declaration of Independence, and the conference ended without an agreement.

On August 22, 1777, the Battle of Staten Island occurred between the British forces and several companies of the 2nd Canadian Regiment fighting alongside other American companies. The battle was inconclusive, though both sides surrendered over a hundred troops as prisoners. The Americans finally withdrew.

In early 1780, while the Kill Van Kull was frozen over, Lord Stirling led an unsuccessful Patriot raid from New Jersey on the western shore of Staten Island. It was repulsed in part by troops led by British Commander Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings.

In June 1780, Wilhelm von Knyphausen, commander of Britain's Hessian auxiliaries, led many raids and a full assault into New Jersey from Staten Island with the aim of defeating George Washington and the Continental Army. Although the raids were successful in the Newark and Elizabeth areas, the advance was halted at Connecticut Farms (Union) and the Battle of Springfield.

British forces remained on Staten Island for the remainder of the war. Most Patriots fled after the British occupation, and the sentiment of those who remained was predominantly Loyalist. Even so, the islanders found the demands of supporting the troops to be heavy. The British army kept headquarters in neighborhoods such as Bulls Head. Many buildings and churches were destroyed for their materials, and the military's demand for resources resulted in an extensive deforestation by the end of the war. The British army again used the island as a staging ground for its final evacuation of New York City on December 5, 1783. After their departure, many Loyalist landowners, such as Christopher Billop, the family of Canadian historian Peter Fisher, John Dunn, who founded St. Andrews, New Brunswick, and Abraham Jones, fled to Canada, and their estates were subdivided and sold.

Staten Island was occupied by the British longer than any single part of the Thirteen Colonies.

19th century

Historic Richmond Town museum complex is located in the heart of Staten Island.

On July 4, 1827, the end of slavery in New York state was celebrated at Swan Hotel, West Brighton. Rooms at the hotel were reserved months in advance as local abolitionists, including prominent free blacks, prepared for the festivities. Speeches, pageants, picnics, and fireworks marked the celebration, which lasted for two days.

From 1800 to 1858, Staten Island was the location of the largest quarantine facility in the United States. Angry residents burned down the hospital compound in 1858 in a series of attacks known as the Staten Island Quarantine War.

In 1860, parts of Castleton and Southfield were made into a new town, Middletown. The Village of New Brighton in the town of Castleton was incorporated in 1866, and in 1872 the Village of New Brighton annexed all the remainder of the Town of Castleton and became coterminous with the town.

An 1887 movement to make Staten Island a city came to nothing.

Consolidation with New York City

New housing on Staten Island, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.
US Navy ships tied up at the home port pier during Fleet Week in 2007

The towns of Staten Island were dissolved in 1898 with the consolidation of the City of Greater New York, as Richmond County became one of the five boroughs of the expanded city. Although consolidated into the City of Greater New York in 1898, the county sheriff of Staten Island maintained control of the jail system, unlike the other boroughs, which had gradually transferred control of the jails to the Department of Correction. The jail system was not transferred until January 1, 1942. Staten Island is the only borough without a New York City Department of Correction major detention center.

The construction of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, along with the other three major Staten Island bridges, created a new way for commuters and tourists to travel from New Jersey to Brooklyn, Manhattan, and areas farther east on Long Island. The network of highways running between the bridges has effectively carved up many of Staten Island's old neighborhoods. The bridge opened many areas of the borough to residential and commercial development, especially in the central and southern parts of the borough, which had been largely undeveloped. Staten Island's population doubled from 221,991 in 1960 to 443,728 in 2000. Nevertheless, Staten Island remained less developed than the rest of the city. A New York Times article in 1972 stated that despite the borough having 333,000 residents, parts of the island still maintained a bucolic atmosphere with woods and marshes.

Throughout the 1980s, a movement to secede from the city steadily grew in popularity, notably championed by longtime New York state senator and former Republican Party mayoral nominee John J. Marchi. The campaign reached its peak during the mayoral term of David Dinkins (1990–1993), after the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated the New York City Board of Estimate, which had given equal representation to the five boroughs. Dinkins and the city government opposed a non-binding secession referendum, contending that the vote should not be permitted by the state unless the city issued a home rule message supporting it, which the city would not. Governor Mario Cuomo disagreed, and the vote went forward in 1993. Ultimately, 65% of Staten island residents voted to secede, through the approval of a new city charter making Staten Island an independent city, but implementation was blocked in the State Assembly.

In the 1980s, the United States Navy had a base on Staten Island called Naval Station New York. It had two sections: a Strategic Homeport in Stapleton and a larger section near Fort Wadsworth, where the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge enters the island. The base was closed in 1994 through the Base Realignment and Closure process because of its small size and the expense of basing personnel there.

View of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge from the South Beach on Staten Island.

Fresh Kills and its tributaries are part of the largest tidal wetland ecosystem in the region. Its creeks and wetlands have been designated a Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitat by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Opened along Fresh Kills as a "temporary landfill" in 1947, the Fresh Kills Landfill was a repository of trash for the city of New York. The landfill, once the world's largest man-made structure, was closed in 2001, but was briefly re-opened for the debris from Ground Zero following the September 11 attacks in 2001. It is being converted into a park. Plans for the park include a bird-nesting island, public roads, boardwalks, soccer and baseball fields, bridle paths, and a 5,000-seat stadium. Today, freshwater and tidal wetlands, fields, birch thickets, and a coastal oak maritime forest, as well as areas dominated by non-native plant species, are all within the boundaries of Fresh Kills.

Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connecting the eastern portion of the island to Brooklyn
The geology of Staten Island.
Serpentinite shown in rock cut along I-278 in Staten Island by Todt Hill marked on USGS geological map.

During the Paleozoic Era, the tectonic plate containing the continent of Laurentia and the plate containing the continent of Gondwanaland were converging, the Iapetus Ocean that separated the two continents gradually closed, and the resulting collision between the plates formed the Appalachian Mountains. During the early stages of this mountain building known as the Taconic orogeny, a piece of ocean crust from the Iapetus Ocean broke off and became incorporated into the collision zone and now forms the oldest bedrock strata of Staten Island, the serpentinite.

This strata of the Lower Paleozoic (approximately 430 million years old) consists predominantly of the serpentine minerals, antigorite, chrysotile, and lizardite; it also contains asbestos and talc. At the end of the Paleozoic era (248 million years ago) all major continental masses were joined into the supercontinent of Pangaea.

The Palisades Sill has been designated a National Natural Landmark, being "the best example of a thick diabase sill in the United States." It underlies a portion of northwest Staten Island, with a visible outcropping in Travis, off Travis Road in the William T. Davis Wildlife Refuge. This is the same formation that appears in New Jersey and upstate New York along the Hudson River in Palisades Interstate Park. The sill extends southward beyond the cliffs in Jersey City beneath the Upper New York Harbor and resurfaces on Staten Island. The Palisades sill date from the Early Jurassic period, 192 to 186 million years ago.

Staten Island has been at the southern terminus of various periods of glaciation. The most recent, the Wisconsin glaciation, ended approximately 12,000 years ago. The accumulated rock and sediment deposited at the terminus of the glacier is known as the terminal moraine present along the central portion of the island. The evidence of these glacial periods is visible in the remaining wooded areas of Staten Island in the form of glacial erratics and kettle ponds.

At the retreat of the ice sheet, Staten Island was connected by land to Long Island, as the Narrows had not yet formed. Geologists' reckonings of the course of the Hudson River have placed it alternatively through the present course of the Raritan River, south of the island, or through present-day Flushing Bay and Jamaica Bay.

Location of Staten Island (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC, U.S. (2010). Staten Island is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Aerial view of Staten Island from the east at night

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Richmond County has a total area of 102.5 square miles (265 km2), of which 58.5 square miles (152 km2) is land and 44.0 square miles (114 km2) (43%) is water. It is the third-smallest county in New York by land area and fourth-smallest by total area.

Although Staten Island is a borough of New York City, the island is topographically and geologically a part of New Jersey. Staten Island is separated from Long Island by the Narrows and from mainland New Jersey by the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull. Staten Island is positioned at the center of New York Bight, a sharp bend in the shoreline between New Jersey and Long Island. The region is considered vulnerable to sea-level rise. On October 29, 2012, the island experienced severe damage and loss of life along with the destruction of many homes during Hurricane Sandy.

In addition to the main island, the borough and county also include several small uninhabited islands:

The highest point on the island, the summit of Todt Hill, elevation 410 ft (125 m), is also the highest point in the five boroughs, as well as the highest point on the Atlantic coastal plain south of Great Blue Hill in Massachusetts and the highest point on the coast proper south of Maine's Camden Hills. Ward's Point in the neighborhood of Tottenville is the southernmost point in the state of New York.

Staten Island is the only borough in New York City that does not share a land border with another borough (Marble Hill in Manhattan is contiguous with the Bronx). The borough has a land border with Elizabeth and Bayonne, New Jersey, on uninhabited Shooters Island.

Deer found in Charleston, Staten Island. Deer may be part of 40-large herd in Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserves.

Wildlife

Staten Island is home to a large and diverse population of wildlife. Wildlife found on Staten Island include white-tailed deer (which have increased from a population of 24 in 2008 to 2,000 in 2017 due to a hunting ban and a lack of predators), as well as hundreds of species of birds including bald eagles, turkey, hawks, egrets and ring-necked pheasants. Staten Island is home to Atlantic horseshoe crabs, cottontail rabbits, opossums, raccoons, garter snakes, red-eared slider turtles, newts, spring peeper frogs, leopard frogs, fox, box turtles, northern snapping turtles and common snapping turtles.

Parkland

Staten Island includes thousands of acres of federal, state, and local park land, including the "greenbelt" and "blue belt" park systems and the Gateway National Recreation Area, in addition to hundreds of acres of private wooded areas. The National Park Service maintains full-time wildland firefighters to patrol Staten Island sites in wildfire brush trucks.

The parks on Staten Island are managed by various state, federal and local agencies.

Five sites are part of the 26,000-acre (110 km2) Gateway National Recreation Area, managed by the U.S. National Park Service and patrolled by the United States Park Police:

Two New York State parks are managed by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation:

New York State Park Police officers patrol these parks and the surrounding streets.

359 acres (145 ha) of State Forests, state wildlife management areas and Wetlands are managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation:

  • Saint Francis Woodland
  • Butler Manor Woods
  • Arden Heights Woods
  • Todt Hill Woods
  • North Mount Loretto State Forest
  • Lemon Creek Tidal Wetland Wildlife Management Area
  • Blosers Wetland Wildlife Management Area
  • Goethal Pond Wetland
  • Bridge Creek Tidal Wetland
  • Old Place Creek Tidal Wetland
  • Oakwood Beach Wetland
  • Sharrots Shoreline Natural Resource Area
  • Sawmill Creek Wetland

The 359 acres (145 ha) of NYS Department of Environmental Conservation land throughout the island are patrolled by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Police officers and one NYS DEC Forest Ranger, who has the dual task of law enforcement and fire suppression.

The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation manages 156 parks, including:

The Fresh Kills Landfill was the world's largest landfill before closing in 2001, although it was temporarily reopened that year to receive debris from the September 11 attacks. The landfill is being redeveloped as Freshkills Park, an area devoted to restoring habitat. The park will become New York City's second largest public park when completed.

Adjacent counties

New Jersey

New York

Historical population
Census Pop.
17903,835
18004,56419.0%
18105,34717.2%
18206,13514.7%
18307,08215.4%
184010,96554.8%
185015,06137.4%
186025,49269.3%
187033,02929.6%
188038,99118.1%
189051,71332.6%
190067,02129.6%
191085,96928.3%
1920116,53135.6%
1930158,34635.9%
1940174,44110.2%
1950191,5559.8%
1960221,99115.9%
1970295,44333.1%
1980352,02919.2%
1990378,9777.7%
2000443,72817.1%
2010468,7305.6%
2020495,7475.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010 and 2017 2020

New York City's five boroughs
Jurisdiction Population GDP Land area Density
Borough County Census
(2020)
billions
(2012 US$)
square
miles
square
km
persons /
mi2
persons /
km2
Bronx
1,472,654 $ 42.695 42.2 109.3 34,920 13,482
Kings
2,736,074 $ 91.559 69.4 179.7 39,438 15,227
New York
1,694,251 $ 600.244 22.7 58.8 74,781 28,872
Queens
2,405,464 $ 93.310 108.7 281.5 22,125 8,542
Richmond
495,747 $ 14.514 57.5 148.9 8,618 3,327
8,804,190 $ 842.343 302.64 783.83 29,095 11,234
20,215,751 $ 1,731.910 47,126.40 122,056.82 429 166
Sources: and see individual borough articles
Race 2018 1990 1970 1950
White 75.2% 85% 94% 97.1%
—Non-Hispanic 60.3% 80% n/a n/a
Black or African American 11.7% 8.1% 5.3% 2.8%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 18.7% 8% n/a n/a
Asian 10.2% 4.5% 0.4% 0.1%

As of the 2018 Estimate, 22.2% of residents are foreign born. 11.9% of residents live below the poverty line, the lowest of the five boroughs. Average per capita income was $33,922, while median household income was $76,244. There are 181,199 housing units, with a 69.5% owner occupancy rate, the highest of the five boroughs, as well as a median value of $460,200. There are 166,150 households, with 2.82 persons per household.

At the 2010 Census, there were 468,730 people living in Staten Island, which is an increase of 5.6% since the 2000 Census. Staten Island is the only New York City borough with a non-Hispanic White majority. According to the 2010 Census, 64.0% of the population was non-Hispanic White, down from 79% in 1990, 10.6% Black or African American, 0.4% American Indian and Alaska Native, 7.5% Asian, 0.2% from some other race (non-Hispanic) and 2.6% of two or more races. 17.3% of Staten Island's population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race).

In 2009, approximately 20.0% of the population was foreign born, and 1.8% of the populace was born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parents. Approximately 28.6% of the population over five years of age spoke a language other than English at home, and 27.3% of the population over twenty-five years of age had a bachelor's degree or higher.

According to the 2009 American Community Survey, the borough's population was 75.7% White (65.8% non-Hispanic White alone), 10.2% Black or African American (9.6% non-Hispanic Black or African American alone), 0.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 7.4% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 4.6% from Some other race, and 1.9% from Two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 15.9% of the population.

According to the survey, the top ten European ancestries were the following:

The borough has the highest proportion of Italian Americans of any county in the United States. There is a significant Jewish community mainly in the Willowbrook area. Since the 2000 census, a large Russian community has been growing on Staten Island, particularly in the Rossville, South Beach, and Great Kills area. There is also a significant Polish community mainly in the South Beach and Midland Beach area and there is also a large Sri Lankan community on Staten Island, concentrated mainly on Victory Boulevard on the northeastern tip of Staten Island towards St. George. The Little Sri Lanka in the Tompkinsville neighborhood is one of the largest Sri Lankan communities outside of the country of Sri Lanka. The island houses more Liberians than anywhere outside Liberia, and has included three Liberian heads of state: David D. Kpormakpor, Ruth Perry, and George Weah. The borough is also home to a Chinanteco-speaking Indigenous Mexican American community.

Most of the borough's African American and Hispanic residents live north of the Staten Island Expressway, or Interstate 278. In terms of religion, the borough's population is largely Roman Catholic, peaking near 60% in the 2000 census. The Jewish community is slightly less numerous compared to other parts of the New York Metropolitan Area. There is a growing presence of Egyptian Copts, most of whom are members of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Per the 2009 American Community Survey, the median income for a household was $55,039, and the median income for a family was $64,333. Males had a median income of $50,081 versus $35,914 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,905. About 7.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

If each borough were ranked as a separate city, Staten Island would be the 44th most-populous in the United States.

Languages

As of 2010[update], 70.39% (306,310) of Staten Island residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home, while 10.02% (43,587) spoke Spanish, 3.14% (13,665) Russian, 3.11% (13,542) Italian, 2.39% (10,412) Chinese, 1.81% (7,867) other Indo-European languages, 1.38% (5,990) Arabic, 1.01% (4,390) Polish, 0.88% (3,812) Korean, 0.80% (3,500) Tagalog, 0.76% (3,308) other Asian languages, 0.62% (2,717) Urdu, 0.57% (2,479) other Indic languages, and African languages were spoken as a first language by 0.56% (2,458) of the population over the age of five. In total, 29.61% (128,827) of Staten Island's population age 5 and older spoke a first language other than English.

History

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 56.9% 123,320 42.0% 90,997 1.1% 2,450
2016 56.1% 101,437 41.0% 74,143 3.0% 5,380
2012 48.1% 74,223 50.7% 78,181 1.2% 1,776
2008 51.7% 86,062 47.6% 79,311 0.7% 1,205
2004 56.4% 90,325 42.7% 68,448 0.9% 1,370
2000 45.0% 63,903 51.9% 73,828 3.1% 4,398
1996 40.8% 52,207 50.5% 64,684 8.7% 11,116
1992 47.9% 70,707 38.5% 56,901 13.6% 20,152
1988 61.5% 77,427 38.0% 47,812 0.6% 736
1984 65.1% 83,187 34.7% 44,345 0.2% 294
1980 58.6% 64,885 33.7% 37,306 7.7% 8,456
1976 54.1% 56,995 45.5% 47,867 0.4% 464
1972 74.2% 84,686 25.6% 29,241 0.2% 196
1968 55.3% 54,631 35.2% 34,770 9.5% 9,423
1964 45.5% 42,330 54.4% 50,524 0.1% 92
1960 56.5% 50,356 43.4% 38,673 0.1% 94
1956 76.6% 64,233 23.4% 19,644 0.0% 0
1952 66.2% 55,993 33.4% 28,280 0.4% 294
1948 54.1% 39,539 41.6% 30,442 4.3% 3,153
1944 57.1% 42,188 42.6% 31,502 0.3% 228
1940 50.2% 38,911 49.5% 38,307 0.3% 249
1936 32.5% 22,852 65.7% 46,229 1.9% 1,308
1932 35.3% 21,278 61.1% 36,857 3.7% 2,210
1928 45.3% 24,998 54.2% 29,937 0.5% 294
1924 47.9% 18,007 42.0% 15,801 10.1% 3,778
1920 63.2% 17,844 33.2% 9,373 3.7% 1,041
1916 44.4% 7,319 53.6% 8,843 2.0% 336
1912 19.3% 3,035 53.6% 8,445 27.1% 4,277
1908 45.3% 6,831 49.1% 7,401 5.7% 852
1904 47.7% 7,000 49.0% 7,182 3.3% 486
1900 45.8% 6,042 51.2% 6,759 3.0% 400
1896 55.1% 6,170 39.8% 4,452 5.1% 576
1892 38.1% 4,091 57.0% 6,122 4.9% 528
1888 40.8% 4,100 57.4% 5,764 1.8% 179
1884 37.4% 3,164 60.7% 5,135 1.9% 164
1880 40.6% 3,291 59.4% 4,815 -
1876 39.9% 2,883 60.1% 4,339 -
1872 51.5% 2,611 48.5% 2,458 -
1868 42.3% 2,216 57.7% 3,023 -
1864 35.2% 1,565 64.8% 2,875 -
1860 37.3% 1,408 62.7% 2,370 -
1856 22.8% 736 47.9% 1,550 29.3% 947

Since New York City's consolidation in 1898, Staten Island has been governed by the New York City Charter that provides for a "strong" mayor-council system. The centralized New York City government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services on Staten Island.

The office of Borough president was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority. Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use.

The Office of Borough President became one focal point for opinions over the Vietnam War when former intelligence agent and peace activist Ed Murphy ran for office in 1973, sponsored by the Staten Island Democratic Association. Murphy's combat veteran status deflected traditional right-wing attacks on liberals, and the campaign facilitated the emergence of more liberal politics on Staten Island. In Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris (1989), the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional on the grounds that Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the board than Staten Island, the least populous borough, a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" decision.

Borough Hall in St. George, Staten Island.

Since 1990 the Borough president has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations. Staten Island's Borough President is James Oddo, a Republican elected in November 2013 with 69.1% of the vote. Oddo is the only Republican borough president in New York City.

Staten Island flag

The Staten Island flag uses its old borough seal as a flag.

Politics

Staten Island's politics differ considerably from the rest of New York City. While the other four boroughs tend to be strongly Democratic, Staten Island is considered the most conservative, and the only one where Republicans usually do well. Although in 2005 44.7% of the borough's registered voters were registered Democrats and 30.6% were registered Republicans, the Republican Party holds a majority of local public offices. Staten Island is the base of New York City's Republican Party in citywide elections.

The main political divide in the borough is demarcated by the Staten Island Expressway; areas north of the Expressway tend to be more liberal while the south tends to be more conservative. Local party platforms center on affordable housing, education and law and order. Two out of Staten Island's three New York City Council members are Republicans, including conservative commentator Joe Borelli.

In national elections, Staten Island is a Republican-leaning county. Staten Island has voted for a Democratic presidential nominee only four times since 1940: in 1964, 1996, 2000, and 2012. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 56% of the vote in Staten Island, and Democrat John Kerry received 43%. By contrast, Kerry outpolled Bush in New York City's other four boroughs by a cumulative margin of 77% to 22%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain won 52% of the vote in the borough to Democrat Barack Obama's 48%. In 2012, the borough flipped and was won by incumbent Democrat Barack Obama, who took 51% of the vote to Republican Mitt Romney's 48%. This made the borough one of the few parts of the country where Barack Obama gained as compared to 2008.

The Democratic Party's gains on the island in the 2010s proved ephemeral. In 2016, Republican Donald Trump carried Staten Island by 15.1%, the largest margin of any presidential candidate since 1988. With 56.1% of the island-wide vote, Trump became the first ever presidential candidate to receive over 100,000 votes out of Staten Island. The borough stayed Republican on election day 2020, delivering 56.9%—a record of more than 123,000 votes—to reelect incumbent President Donald Trump. In both elections, Staten Island was the only borough where Trump managed even 30 percent of the vote.

Each of the city's five counties (coterminous with each borough) has its own criminal court system and District Attorney, the chief public prosecutor who is directly elected by popular vote. Michael McMahon, a Conservative Democrat, is the current District Attorney.

Staten Island has three City Council members, the smallest number among the five boroughs. As of 2019, the island's city council delegation comprises two Republicans and one Democrat.

The borough also has three administrative districts, each served by a local Community Board. Community Boards are representative bodies that field complaints and serve as advocates for local residents. In the 2009 election for city offices, Staten Island elected its first black official, Debi Rose, who defeated the incumbent Democrat in the North Shore city council seat in a primary and then went on to win the general election.

Staten Island lies entirely within New York's 11th congressional district, which also includes part of southwestern Brooklyn. It is currently represented by a Republican, Nicole Malliotakis, who was elected in 2020. The district had previously been represented by Democrat Max Rose, until Republican challenger Nicole Malliotakis defeated freshman incumbent Rose by a district-wide margin of 58% to 42%, based on election night results. Malliotakis won her home borough of Staten Island by an 18.8% margin, winning 59.3% of the island's vote to Rose's 40.5%.

Party affiliation of Staten Island registered voters
Party 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
Democratic (%) 44.70 44.76 45.19 45.39 45.63 45.47 45.51 45.60 46.38 46.15
Republican (%) 30.64 30.47 30.77 30.55 30.68 30.76 31.17 31.60 30.80 31.28
No affiliation (%) 19.00 19.10 18.46 18.54 18.67 18.84 18.67 18.25 18.43 18.48
Other (%) 5.66 5.67 5.58 5.52 5.02 4.93 4.65 4.55 4.39 4.09

Local politics

Staten Island representation in the state assembly has two Democrats and two Republicans. The 62nd and 64th districts are represented by Republicans Michael Reilly and Michael Tannousis. The 62nd district encompasses most of the south shore of the island. Both the 61st and 63rd districts have elected Democrats, Charles Fall and Michael J. Cusick. Staten Island is split between two state Senate districts. Most of the island used to be represented by Republican John J. Marchi, the longest-serving legislator in state history; but is now represented by Republican Andrew Lanza; while the North Shore belongs to the Brooklyn-based district of Democrat Diane Savino. In 2018, Matthew Titone, a Democrat who at the time was a member of the New York State Assembly for the 61st District, was elected Surrogate Judge for Richmond County, which covers all of Staten Island. He was succeeded by Charles Fall, also a Democrat, and the first African American elected to the Assembly from Staten Island.

Until 2009, Staten Island was included with Brooklyn as part of New York State's 2nd Judicial District. In that year, Staten Island secured Judicial Independence when a new law was signed, creating New York's 13th Judicial District. Since 2009, Staten Island voters have had the opportunity to elect 5 Justices to the New York State Supreme Court.

In New York City mayoral elections, Staten Island has traditionally been reliably Republican, having last voted Democratic for incumbent mayor Ed Koch in 1985. Staten Island's high Republican turnout is considered one of the major factors that helped Rudy Giuliani win in 1993 against incumbent Democratic mayor David Dinkins, and also Michael Bloomberg in 2001 against Mark J. Green.

Secession from New York City

Secession from NYC has been a long time hot button issue on Staten Island. The "Greater City" exists as a result of actions of the New York State Legislature, and, as such, could be reduced in size by the same mechanism. A non-binding referendum was held in 1993 to consider whether it should be allowed to secede from the City. The New York City government and Mayor David Dinkins opposed the vote, contending that the referendum should not be permitted by the state unless the city issued a home rule message supporting it, which the city would not. Governor Mario Cuomo disagreed, and the vote went forward. Ultimately, 65% of Staten Island residents voted to secede, through the approval of a new city charter making Staten Island an independent city, but implementation was blocked in the State Assembly.[citation needed]

The Staten Island secession movement was defused by the election of Rudy Giuliani as New York City mayor on the same ballot. He had campaigned on the promise that Staten Island's grievances would be addressed. Giuliani's plurality in his narrow victory over Dinkins was aided by overwhelming support from Staten Island. Two of the borough's biggest demands were closing the Fresh Kills Landfill and making the Staten Island Ferry free, both of which were done. However, after the election of Bill de Blasio as Mayor in 2013 and the success of the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom in 2016, interest in secession was revived. In 2019, New York City councilman Joe Borelli announced his plan to introduce another set of bills to study the feasibility of secession.[citation needed]

In 2009, Borough president James Molinaro started a program to increase tourism on Staten Island. This program included a new website, a "Staten Island Attractions" video that is aired in both the Staten Island and the Manhattan Whitehall ferry terminals, as well as informational kiosks at the terminals, which supply printed information on Staten Island attractions, entertainment and restaurants.[citation needed]

Empire Outlets New York City, is a 350,000-square-foot (33,000 m2) retail complex constructed in the St. George neighborhood of Staten Island. Empire Outlets features 100 designer outlets. It is the first outlet mall in New York City. The mall is located next to the St. George Terminal, a major ferry, train, and bus hub.[citation needed]

Staten Island's Arts District is located in the North Shore region with many locations to see music and experience art. The Snug Harbor Cultural Center and Botanic Gardens (1000 Richmond Terrace) is home to The Staten Island Museum, The Staten Island Children's Museum, Heritage Farm, The Newhouse Gallery, The Chinese Scholar's Garden and the Great Hall. The St. George Theater is a historic landmark seated theater within walking distance from the ferry and it hosts many touring music artists. ArtSpace located at Navy Pier Court is run by the local arts council with revolving exhibits by local artists. Staten Island's only community radio station, Maker Park Radio, is located in the Stapleton neighborhood of Staten Island. The Alice Austin House is a historic landmark and photography gallery with a view of Manhattan. Although Staten Island lacks venues one can see many live music artists at local restaurants and spaces such as Flagship Brewery and Taproom, O'Henry's, The Hop Shoppe, Seppe Pizza Bar, The Burrito Bar, Adobe Blues and Hub17 on most weekends. For theater there is the Staten Island Shakesperean Theater, Illuminart Productions, Hemlock Theater, Sundog Theater, The Arts Center at the College of Staten Island, Seaview Playwrights Theater and The Little Victory Theater.[citation needed]

Staten Island is known as the borough of parks because of its numerous parks. Some well known parks are Clove Lakes, Silver Lake, Greenbelt and High Rock. Moses Mountain, a hill known for its view of the borough, is the location where Robert Moses wanted to build the Richmond Parkway before protests defeated this arrangement. It is now a key point of Staten Island for tourists.[citation needed]

Local support for the arts

"Postcards 9/11 Memorial", at St. George Esplanade

Artists and musicians have been moving to Staten Island's North Shore so they can be in close proximity to Manhattan but also have enough affordable space to live and work. Filmmakers, most of whom work independently, also play an important part in Staten Island's art scene, which has been recognized by the local government. Staten Island Arts (formerly The Council on the Arts and Humanities for Staten Island) is Staten Island's local arts council and helps support local artists and cultural organizations with regrants, workshops, folklife and arts-in-education programs, and advocacy. Conceived by the Staten Island Economic Development Corporation to introduce independent and international films to a broad and diverse audience, the Staten Island Film Festival (SIFF) held its first four-day festival in 2006.

Attractions

Historic Richmond Town is New York City's living history village and museum complex. Visitors can explore the diversity of the American experience, especially that of Staten Island and its neighboring communities, from the colonial period to the present. The village area occupies 25 acres (100,000 m2) of a 100-acre (0.40 km2) site with about 15 restored buildings, including homes, commercial and civic buildings, and a museum.

The island is home to the Staten Island Zoo. Zoo construction commenced in 1933 as part of the Federal Government's works program on an eight-acre (three-hectare) estate willed to New York City. It was opened on June 10, 1936, the first zoo in the U.S. specifically devoted to an educational mandate. In the late 1960s, the zoo maintained the most complete rattlesnake collection in the world with 39 varieties.

Museums

Snug Harbor Cultural Center, the Alice Austen House Museum, the Conference House, the GaribaldiMeucci Museum, Historic Richmond Town, Jacques Marchais Museum of Tibetan Art, the Noble Maritime Collection, Sandy Ground Historical Museum, Staten Island Children's Museum, the Staten Island Museum, and the Staten Island Botanical Garden, home of the New York Chinese Scholar's Garden, can all be found on the island.

The National Lighthouse Museum recently undertook a major fundraising project and opened in 2012, and the Staten Island Museum (art, science, and history) plans to open a new branch in Snug Harbor by 2014.

The Seguine Mansion, also known as The Seguine-Burke Mansion, is located on Lemon Creek near the southern shore of Staten Island. The Greek Revival house is one of the few surviving examples of 19th century life on Staten Island. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a member of the Historic House Trust. It is an underappreciated attraction, harboring peacocks and an equestrian center.

Newspapers

Staten Island's local paper is The Staten Island Advance. The paper also has an affiliated website calledsilive.com.

In culture

Film

Movies filmed partially or wholly on Staten Island include:

Literature

World War One poet Alan Seeger, who fought with the French Foreign Legion and was killed in the Battle of the Somme and author of I Have a Rendezvous with Death grew up at St. Marks Place above the ferry stop on Staten Island in the last decade of the 19th century. His poem The Old Lowe House described property that would become Low Terrace, St. George.

Ki Longfellow was born on the island. Longfellow is the author of The Secret Magdalene and other books. Her Sam Russo historical detective noir novels are based in and around Stapleton.

Lois Lowry, the author of The Gossamer, The Giver, and many other books, attended school on Staten Island.

Writer Paul Zindel lived in Staten Island during his youth and based most of his teenage novels in the island.

George R. R. Martin based King's Landing on the view of Staten Island from his childhood home in Bayonne, New Jersey.

Music

Staten Island also has a local music scene. These venues in the North Shore are part of the art movement mentioned above. Local bands include many punk, ska, hardcore punk, indie, metal, and pop punk bands. Staten Island is known internationally for its hip hop culture from the critically acclaimed Wu-Tang Clan.

Musicians who were born or reside on Staten Island and groups that formed on Staten Island are found at List of people from Staten Island.

Television

The Spectrum cable news channel NY1 airs a weekly show called This Week on Staten Island, hosted by Anthony Pascale. The magazine-style show takes content from NY1's hourly newscasts called "Your Staten Island News Now".

A documentary series, A Walk Around Staten Island with David Hartman and Barry Lewis, premiered on public television station WNET on December 3, 2007. The hosts profile Staten Island culture and history, including major attractions such as the Staten Island Ferry, Historic Richmondtown, the Conference House, Snug Harbor Cultural Center and its Chinese Scholars Garden, and many more sites.

The Fox and WB sitcom Grounded for Life (2001–2005) was centered around a family of Irish heritage living on Staten Island.

The FX comedy horror series What We Do in the Shadows (2019– ) is centered around a group of vampires who live on Staten Island. The fact that they live on Staten Island and not more centrally in New York City is a common joke within the series, and their attempts to take over the entire borough have resulted in control of only five houses, according to the group.

All four cast members of truTV hidden camera reality TV show Impractical Jokers (2011– ) hail from Staten Island. Joe Gatto, James "Murr" Murray, Brian "Q" Quinn, and Sal Vulcano are four friends who originally met while attending Monsignor Farrell High School, where they formed the improv comedy troupe The Tenderloins. Impractical Jokers features many references to Staten Island and filming often takes place in the borough.

Theater

The St. George Theatre serves as a cultural arts center, hosting educational programs, architectural tours, television and film shoots, concerts, comedy, Broadway touring companies, and small and large children's shows. Artists who have performed there include The B-52's, Jonas Brothers, Tony Bennett, and Don McLean. In 2012, the NBC musical drama Smash filmed several scenes there.

The Ritz Theater in Port Richmond, a movie theater and vaudeville venue now a home-improvement showroom, once hosted the biggest names in Rock and Roll and show business. The theater was built by Isle Theatrical and opened in 1924. From 1970 to 1972, the theater had an arrangement with a Manhattan club that enabled them to bring top names, many of whom are now in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, to the location.

The Stadium Theatre was a 1,037-seat movie theater in Tottenville from 1927 to 1957. In January 1969 it re-opened as the New Stadium Theatre and was a rock-music venue, but by the 1970s it had become the site of a roller rink.

The Lane Theater in New Dorp opened on February 10, 1938, and was operated by Charles, Lewis and Elias Moses. The theater's interior has been landmarked since November 1988. Starting in 1998, several concerts were hosted; and the theater briefly hosted "The EleMent" nightclub in 2001. After renovations were completed in summer 2009, Uncle Vinnie's Comedy Club opened there, operating until 2011. In 2012 the building became the home of the Crossroads Church.

Baseball

The Staten Island Yankees played in the New York–Penn League from 1999 to 2020; the team was a Class-A Minor League affiliate of the New York Yankees before being eliminated during the restructuring of Minor League Baseball. The Yankees have stated they hope to assist in creating a new team for Staten Island in the independent Atlantic League.

The New York Metropolitans of the American Association played baseball on Staten Island from April 1886 through 1887. Erastus Wiman, the developer of St. George, brought the team to Staten Island at a stadium called the St. George Grounds, near the site of the present-day Staten Island Yankees' Richmond County Bank Ballpark and the Staten Island Ferry terminal.

Staten Island's Mid-Island Little League won the 1964 Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Three Mid-Island Little League teams and six overall from Staten Island have reached the tournament since it started in 1947. Staten Island Little League was the island's first Little League. Its "founding fathers"; Buddy Cusack, Jiggs Seaman, John Marino, Joe Darcy Sr., Joe "Babe" Darcy Jr., Ed Elliott, and Jim Darcy, built Hy Turkin Field (and additional fields) in Dongan Hills and have been inducted as a group into the Staten Island Sports Hall of Fame.

Basketball

In 2015, the New York Post listed Staten Island's all-time basketball team as: Warren Fenley, Kyle McAlarney, Bill Murtha, Kevin O’Connor, Kenny Page. As of 2014, McAlarney was Staten Island's all-time high-school boys' scoring leader with 2,566 points.

Bowling

Staten Island has been home to a number of national champions and world-class bowlers, including Mark Roth, Johnny Petraglia, Mary Ontek, Ben McNevich, Dom LaBargo, and Joseph Berardi. Roth, Petraglia and Berardi are in the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA) Hall of Fame.

Boxing

The Daily News Golden Gloves Tournament started in 1927. It is believed that Eppie Alonzo, who lived and trained at the Mount Loretto Home for Boys, is the first Staten Islander to win a Daily News Golden Gloves championship. Alonzo won his division in 1949 and again in 1950. Other Staten Islanders who have won a Daily News Golden Gloves championship include: Gabe Perillo Jr. (1974), Kevin Rooney (1975), Al Tobe (1975), Johnny Verderosa (1975, 1976), Gary Stark Jr. (2000, 2001, 2002), Amanda Walsh (2008), Nafisa Umarova (2012), Chad Trabuscio (2012), Anthony Caramanno (2008, 2010, 2012).

College athletics

The Wagner College Seahawks participate in NCAA Division I athletics and are a member of the Northeast Conference (NEC). National Basketball Association (NBA) coach P. J. Carlesimo coached the men's basketball team from 1976 to 1982. Terrance Bailey led NCAA Division I basketball in scoring as a junior in 1985–86. Rich Kotite, a former NFL player and coach, played tight end on Wagner's football team in the 1960s.

The College of Staten Island Dolphins participate in NCAA Division II athletics. The College of Staten Island Baseball Complex was the home of the Staten Island Yankees until 2001.

Cricket

The Staten Island Cricket Club, founded in 1872, is the oldest continuously operating cricket club in the United States.

Football

Staten Island had a National Football League (NFL) team, the Stapletons, also known as the Stapes. The team was based in Stapleton at Thompson Stadium, located on the current site of Berta A. Dreyfus Intermediate School 49 and the Stapleton Houses. They played in the league from 1929 to 1932, defeating the New York Giants twice and the Chicago Cardinals once. During the 1932 NFL season, the Stapletons, last in the NFL, played the eventual season champion Chicago Bears to a scoreless tie. Football Hall of Famer Ken Strong played for the Stapletons.

The following NFL players were born on Staten Island: Joe Andruzzi (1998–2006), Frank Ferrara (2001–2003), James Jenkins (1991–2000), David Richards (1988–1996), Joseph Ryan (1960), Lewis Sanders (2000–2007), Mike Siani (1972–1980), Frank Umont (1944–1948). NFL coaches Kevin Coyle and Lou Anarumo were also born on Staten Island.

The New York Predators of the semi-pro Regional American Football League have called Staten Island home since their inception in 1998. Owned by Bill Simo, they play most home games at St. Peter's H.S.

Golf

A 1905 golf match with Isaac Mackie (right) at Fox Hills Golf Club, Staten Island, NY

Staten Island has four golf courses. La Tourette, Silver Lake, and South Shore are public, while Richmond County Country Club is the only private country club in New York City. The New York City Amateur is conducted annually at La Tourette Golf Course by the Staten Island Golf Association.

By some estimates, Staten Island has been the site of nearly a dozen golf courses.

  • Harbour Hills Golf Links near Brighton, Lafayette, and Prospect Avenue in New Brighton opened in 1878 and is said to have conducted the island's first golf tournaments. In 1898, the club opened a new clubhouse opposite the Brighton Heights Inn along Castleton Avenue. In 1904, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac reported that the club had 250 members and had been officially incorporated in 1896. Today most of the property is known as Goodhue Park and Allison Pond Park.
  • Clovena Club was in the vicinity of Clove Road and Victory Boulevard in 1897.
  • Staten Island Cricket and Base Ball Club had a course in Livingston and was a Charter member of the Metropolitan Golf Association. Besides the "baseball" name, it is also seen in journals at the time as Staten Island Country Club and Staten Island Cricket Club. As with other clubs making the transition from cricket to golf, the organization completed planning for what would become the Fox Hills Golf Course by identifying the 110-acre (45 ha) site and hiring an architect, but abandoned golf in 1899.
  • Fox Hills Golf Course was one of the island's first true 18-hole courses. It opened in 1900 with over 200 members and had nearly 275 members by 1904. Fox Hills was semi-private, and attracted players from around the New York metropolitan area to its location in Clifton off Vanderbilt Avenue and Targee Street, where its clubhouse was one of the largest in the country. Prolific golf architect Tom Bendelow was selected to develop the course's original layout. Fox Hills's head professional, Scotsman Isaac Mackie, worked with Walter Travis in 1906 to revamp the golf course, and in 1928 Donald Ross made additional changes. Mackie played in at least 12 U.S. Opens from 1901 to 1921, and won the Eastern PGA Championship in 1908 at Fox Hills. From 1899 through 1926 the Staten Island Amateur was played annually at either Fox Hills or Richmond County Country Club. Like many private golf courses of that era, the Great Depression, as well as the growing number of public courses, contributed to the end of the club and Fox Hills closed in 1935.
  • Tysen Manor Golf Course, which was located on 100-acre (40 ha) site between Hylan Boulevard, Mill Road, New Dorp Lane, and Tysens Lane, was in existence from 1928 until 1936. The course was operated by Henry H. Nutt. Tavern on the Green, a restaurant that closed in 1976, was originally the golf course's clubhouse, near the location of the current post office on Hylan Boulevard.
  • Mayflower Country Club's golf course, designed by Devereux Emmet with Alfred H. Tull, was built on a 147-acre (59 ha) tract in Huguenot in 1928. The club had designs for sporting facilities that included an indoor swimming pool and tennis courts, but member funding dried up once the stock market crashed in 1929. Regardless, Frank B. Sterner & Co. built the country club's clubhouse for $200,000 in 1930, and the first annual club championship was conducted in September 1931. New York City took over the site in 1966 and opened South Shore Golf Course in 1967.
  • Willowbrook State School Golf Course was a 9-hole layout on Forest Hill Road that opened in May 1945 and closed in the 1960s. The Metropolitan section of the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) funded construction of the golf course at Halloran General Hospital in support of the U.S. Army and the war effort. Robert Trent Jones Sr. designed a layout that consisted of all par-3s on 23 acres (9.3 ha). Jones modeled the holes on what he thought were the great par-3s of the world and the unique course opened with complimentary reviews.

Bill Britton, a tournament winner on the PGA Tour, and Jim Albus, a multiple winner on the PGA Tour Champions, learned the game on Staten Island. Both won the prestigious Metropolitan Open. Albus was the head professional at La Tourette and a winner of the Senior Players Championship. Carolyn Cudone, raised on Staten Island, won a record five straight U.S. Senior Women's Amateur championships between 1968 and 1972, the most wins in a row by an individual in any United States Golf Association (USGA) championship. Frank Esposito, who learned the game on Staten Island, won the 2014 PGA Tour Champions National Qualifying Tournament. Sean Kelly, a regular golfer at Silver Lake Golf Course, took medalist honors at both the First and Second Stage of the 2018 Web.com Tour Qualifying Tournament.

Frank Hannigan was the USGA Executive Director and a TV golf analyst for ABC. He wrote for the Staten Island Advance as a golf columnist and was influential in bringing the US Open to Shinnecock Hills and Bethpage State Park, and promoted the creation of the New York City Amateur. Staten Island native Joe Moresco was President of the Metropolitan section of the PGA in 1969 and 1970, was the Section's Professional of the Year in 1971 and is a member of the PGA Metropolitan Section Hall of Fame, along with Jim Albus.

Ice hockey

The following National Hockey League (NHL) players were born on Staten Island: Nick Fotiu, Kevin Labanc, Zach Aston-Reese, Joe Gambardella.

Motor sports

From 1953 until 1972 stock car races were held weekly from May until October at a 1/5th-mile asphalt racetrack on Staten Island. The local dairy, owned by the Weissglass family, financed promoter Gabe Rispoli with $700 so he could make improvements to an existing sporting facility that became known as Weissglass Stadium.

There was a controversial plan by the International Speedway Corporation (ISC) to build an 82,000-seat race track on the island that would host National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) races by 2010. The ISC abandoned the plan in 2006 citing financial concerns, and sold the 676-acre (274 ha) parcel in 2013.

Olympians

The following Islanders have qualified to participate in the Olympic Games:

Elmer Ripley, a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame and Staten Island native, coached the Olympic basketball teams for Israel (1956) and Canada (1960).

Running

The New York City Marathon is a foot race run over a 42.2 km (26.2 mi) course through the five boroughs of New York City. The marathon starts each year on Staten Island.

The Ocean Breeze Track and Field Athletic Complex is a state-of-the-art indoor track and field facility in Ocean Breeze Park that is part of the South Beach section of Staten Island. On November 19, 2015 the complex became the first facility in the United States to be recognized as a certified International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) facility. A project under Mayor Bloomberg's Design Excellence initiative, the athletic complex was designed as part of the PlaNYC 110-acre Ocean Breeze regional park. The project, launched in 2007, encountered several delays, including a four-month setback due to Hurricane Sandy that exposed the vulnerability of generators, transformers, and electronic control rooms all of which had to be raised to avoid storm-surge flooding.

Tennis

Tennis is said to have made its United States debut on Staten Island. The first American National championship was played at the Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club (now known as the Staten Island Cricket Club) in September 1880. Tennis was introduced in Staten Island by Mary Ewing Outerbridge.

Robert "Bob" Duffield Wrenn four-time U.S. singles championship winner, and one of the first inductees in the International Tennis Hall of Fame was a tennis member at Richmond County Country Club. His brother George Wrenn and friend Arthur E. Foote were also members.

Public schools

Public schools in the borough are managed by the New York City Department of Education, the largest public school system in the United States.

Public middle schools include Intermediate Schools 2, 7, 24, 27, 34, 49, 51, 61, 72 and 75; and 861, a K–to–8 school; as well as part of the Petrides School (which runs from kindergarten through high school).

Public high schools include:

Private schools

  • Staten Island Academy is the only independent private (non-public, non-religious) grade school on the island and is one of the oldest in the country.

Nondenominational Christian

  • Gateway Academy (co-educational)

Catholic

Islamic

Jewish

  • Jewish Foundation School (co-educational)
  • Mesivtha Tifereth Jerusalem, Staten Island campus (all-boys)
  • Yeshiva Merkaz HaTorah (separate boys and girls)

Colleges and universities

  • The College of Staten Island is one of the eleven senior colleges of the City University of New York (CUNY). The college offers associate's and bachelor's degrees, and also offers master's and doctoral-level study.
  • Wagner College is a co-educational private liberal arts college with an enrollment of 2,000 undergraduates and 500 graduate students.
  • St. John's University has a campus on Staten Island. It is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university.
The Staten Island Ferry provides travel between lower Manhattan and the St. George Terminal.

Bridges

Staten Island is connected to New Jersey via three vehicular bridges and one railroad bridge. The Outerbridge Crossing to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, is at the southern end of New York State Route 440, and the Bayonne Bridge to Bayonne, New Jersey, is at the northern end of NY 440; both ends of NY 440 continue into New Jersey as Route 440. The Goethals Bridge, carrying Interstate 278, connects Elizabeth, New Jersey, onto the Staten Island Expressway. Just north of the Goethals, the Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge carries freight between the northwest part of the island and Elizabeth, New Jersey. The Staten Island Expressway is connected to Brooklyn via the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, which carries I-278. Pedestrian links to Staten Island are available via a footpath on the Bayonne and Goethals Bridges.

From 1964 to 1977, Staten Island contained the longest vertical lift, steel arch, and suspension bridges in the world: the Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge, Bayonne Bridge, and Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, respectively. The Arthur Kill Bridge still holds the title for longest vertical lift bridge, while the Bayonne and Verrazzano bridges are now the 5th- and 14th-longest in their respective categories.

Roads

As of 2015, 82% of Staten Island households owned a car, the highest rate of any borough. Citywide, the rate was 45%. Unlike the other four boroughs, Staten Island has no large, numbered grid system for its roads. New Dorp's grid has a few numbered streets, but they do not intersect with any numbered avenues. Some neighborhoods organize their street names alphabetically. In addition to the island's highways (I-278, NY 440, Korean War Veterans Parkway), the borough's neighborhoods are connected by a number of heavily trafficked roads including Hylan Boulevard, the longest street in New York City.

Public transit

As of 2021, public transportation on the island is limited to:

Ferry

The Staten Island Ferry is the only transportation directly from Staten Island to Manhattan, roughly a 25-minute trip. The St. George Terminal, first opened in 1886, was rebuilt in 1951 and again in the 2000s. The ferry has been fare-free since 1997. The Staten Island Ferry transports over 60,000 passengers per day. It runs 24/7 every 15 to 20 minutes during weekday rush hours and every 30 minutes at other times. The ferries and both of its terminals are patrolled by a combination of the New York City Department of Transportation, New York City Police Department, United States Coast Guard and private security contractors.

An NYC Ferry route is planned to start operating in 2021 between St. George Terminal and Manhattan's West Side. This route will be operated separately from the Staten Island Ferry and will charge a fare.

Trains

The Staten Island Railway operates along the Richmond/Amboy Roads corridor.

The Staten Island Railway, currently the borough's only passenger railroad, traverses the island 24/7 from its northeastern tip to its southwestern tip. The Staten Island Railway opened in 1860 and was owned and operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) until July 1, 1971, when the line was bought by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The Staten Island Railway continued to have its own railway police, the Staten Island Rapid Transit Police, until 2005 when the 25-officer police force was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department.

Staten Island is the only borough not served by the New York City Subway. A subway tunnel called the Staten Island Tunnel started construction in 1923, but was abandoned two years later; the completed portion lies dormant beneath Owl's Head Park in Brooklyn. Today, express bus service is provided by NYC Transit throughout Staten Island to Lower Manhattan, Union Square, and Midtown Manhattan.

A 5-mile (8 km) right of way exists along the north shore of Staten Island. This North Shore Branch of the Staten Island Railway was built, owned, and operated by the B&O, which used it for passenger service until 1953. It then became a B&O freight line until the 1980s, when service was stopped. There have been proposals to revive the abandoned right-of-way for passenger service as a rail line or for use as bus rapid transit. There is also a proposal to build a West Shore Light Rail along New York State Route 440, running from the Staten Island Railway main line on the South Shore, to the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail in Bayonne, New Jersey. The South Beach Branch of the Staten Island Railway, which transported summer vacationers to South Beach, Staten Island, also ceased service in 1953.

Buses

MTA Regional Bus Operations provides local and limited bus service with over 30 lines throughout Staten Island. Most lines feed into the St. George Terminal in the northeastern corner of the borough. Three lines (the S53, S93 and S79 SBS) provide service over the Verrazzano Bridge to Bay Ridge, Brooklyn. The S79 SBS is the only Select Bus Service route in the borough. Beginning September 4, 2007, the MTA began offering bus service from Staten Island to Bayonne, New Jersey, over the Bayonne Bridge via the S89 limited-stop bus, allowing passengers to connect to the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail's 34th Street station, giving Staten Island residents a new route into Manhattan. Despite Staten Island's proximity to New Jersey, the S89 is the only route directly into New Jersey from Staten Island via public transportation.

Express bus service to Manhattan (via the Verrazzano Bridge or Goethals Bridge) is also available for a $6.75 fare each way. The SIM1C, SIM3C, SIM4C and SIM33C are the only express routes to run outside of weekday commuter hours.

Freight rail

Conrail Shared Assets Operations operates freight rail service for customers of CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway via the Travis Branch, with a 38-acre (15 ha) intermodal on-dock rail facility on the West Shore of Staten Island, which connects to the National Rail System via the Arthur Kill Rail Bridge to New Jersey. In addition to the intermodal on-dock rail yard, the Conrail Staten Island Rail line also connects to the Sanitation Department's waste transfer station. Conrail railroad police officers patrol and respond to emergencies along the freight line.

Hospitals

Staten Island is the only borough without a hospital operated by New York City. The Richmond University Medical Center and the Staten Island University Hospital are privately operated.

Jails

Staten Island is the only borough without a New York City Department of Correction major detention center. The Department of Corrections only maintains court holding jails at the three court buildings on Staten Island for inmates attending court. The various police agencies on Staten Island maintain in-house holding jails for post arrest detention prior to transfer to a corrections jail in another borough.

The Staten Island county sheriff operated a jail system on Staten Island until 1942, when the Staten Island jail system was transferred from the county sheriff's department to the New York City Department of Corrections and eventually closed. In 1976, the New York State Department of Correctional Services opened the Arthur Kill Correctional Facility of Staten Island, but the facility was closed in 2011.

Staten Island has acquired a number of nicknames over the decades, some connected to the notion that it is considered an afterthought by other New York City residents. The "Forgotten Borough" was first used nearly 100 years ago in a New York Times article that quoted a real estate executive. The phrase was more used during the secession movement of the 1990s, and came into greater use in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. Most recently people have been using "The Rock", more commonly associated with Alcatraz, as a nickname that first appeared in a New York Times article in 2007.

The hip-hop group Wu-Tang Clan, which originates from Staten Island, coined the nickname "Shaolin Land" (later simply Shaolin) for Staten Island as part of their slang.

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Staten Island
Staten Island Language Watch Edit This article is about the borough in New York City For other uses see Staten Island disambiguation Staten Island ˌ s t ae t en is a borough of New York City coextensive with Richmond County in the U S state of New York Located in the southwest portion of the city the borough is separated from New Jersey by the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull and from the rest of New York by New York Bay With a population of 495 747 in the 2020 Census 4 Staten Island is the least populated of the boroughs but is the third largest in land area at 58 5 sq mi 152 km2 Staten Island Richmond County New YorkBorough and countyThe Verrazzano Narrows Bridge looking toward Staten IslandFlagSealNickname s The Forgotten Borough ShaolinInteractive map outlining Staten IslandLocation within the state of New YorkCoordinates 40 34 19 N 74 8 49 W 40 57194 N 74 14694 W 40 57194 74 14694 Coordinates 40 34 19 N 74 8 49 W 40 57194 N 74 14694 W 40 57194 74 14694CountryUnited StatesStateNew YorkCountyRichmond coterminous CityNew York CitySettled1661Named forStates General of the Netherlands Staten Island Charles Lennox 1st Duke of Richmond Richmond County Government TypeBorough Borough presidentJames Oddo R Borough of Staten Island District AttorneyMichael McMahon D Richmond County Area Total102 5 sq mi 265 km2 Land58 5 sq mi 152 km2 Water44 sq mi 110 km2 43 Population 2020 2 Total495 747 Density8 618 3 sq mi 3 327 5 km2 DemonymStaten Islander 1 Time zoneUTC 5 Eastern Standard Time Summer DST UTC 4 Eastern Daylight Time ZIP Code prefix103Area code718 347 929 917GDP 2018 US 14 5 billion 3 Websitewww wbr statenislandusa wbr com A home to Lenape natives the island was settled by Dutch colonists in the 17th century It was one of the 12 original counties of New York state Staten Island was consolidated with New York City in 1898 It was formally known as the Borough of Richmond until 1975 when its name was changed to Borough of Staten Island 5 Staten Island has sometimes been called the forgotten borough by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government 6 7 The North Shore especially the neighborhoods of St George Tompkinsville Clifton and Stapleton is the most urban part of the island It contains the designated St George Historic District and the St Paul s Avenue Stapleton Heights Historic District which feature large Victorian houses The East Shore is home to the 2 5 mile 4 km F D R Boardwalk the fourth longest boardwalk in the world 8 The South Shore site of the 17th century Dutch and French Huguenot settlement developed rapidly beginning in the 1960s and 1970s and is now mostly suburban in character The West Shore is the least populated and most industrial part of the island Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing Goethals Bridge and Bayonne Bridge Staten Island has Metropolitan Transportation Authority MTA bus lines and an MTA rapid transit line the Staten Island Railway which runs from the ferry terminal at St George to Tottenville Staten Island is the only borough that is not connected to the New York City Subway system The free Staten Island Ferry connects the borough to Manhattan across New York Harbor It provides views of the Statue of Liberty Ellis Island and Lower Manhattan Contents 1 History 1 1 Native Americans 1 2 European settlement 1 3 Richmond County 1 4 18th century and the American Revolution 1 5 19th century 1 6 Consolidation with New York City 2 Geology 3 Geography 3 1 Wildlife 3 2 Parkland 3 3 Adjacent counties 3 3 1 New Jersey 3 3 2 New York 4 Demographics 4 1 Languages 5 Government and politics 5 1 History 5 2 Staten Island flag 5 3 Politics 5 3 1 Local politics 5 4 Secession from New York City 6 Tourism 7 Culture 7 1 Local support for the arts 7 2 Attractions 7 2 1 Museums 7 3 Newspapers 7 4 In culture 7 4 1 Film 7 4 2 Literature 7 4 3 Music 7 4 4 Television 7 4 5 Theater 8 Sports 8 1 Baseball 8 2 Basketball 8 3 Bowling 8 4 Boxing 8 5 College athletics 8 6 Cricket 8 7 Football 8 8 Golf 8 9 Ice hockey 8 10 Motor sports 8 11 Olympians 8 12 Running 8 13 Tennis 9 Education 9 1 Public schools 9 2 Private schools 9 3 Colleges and universities 10 Transportation 10 1 Bridges 10 2 Roads 10 3 Public transit 10 3 1 Ferry 10 3 2 Trains 10 3 3 Buses 10 4 Freight rail 11 Infrastructure 11 1 Hospitals 11 2 Jails 12 Nicknames 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External linksHistory EditSee also Timeline of Staten Island Native Americans Edit As in much of North America human habitation appeared on the island fairly rapidly after the Wisconsin glaciation Archaeologists have recovered tool evidence of Clovis culture activity dating from about 14 000 years ago This evidence was first discovered in 1917 in the Charleston section of the island Various Clovis artifacts have been discovered since then on property owned by Mobil Oil The island was probably abandoned later possibly because of the extirpation of large mammals on the island Evidence of the first permanent Native American settlements and agriculture are thought to date from about 5 000 years ago 9 although early archaic habitation evidence has been found in multiple locations on the island 10 Rossville points are distinct arrowheads that define a Native American cultural period from the Archaic period to the Early Woodland period dating from about 1500 to 100 BC They are named for the Rossville section of Staten Island where they were first found near the old Rossville Post Office building 11 Skeletons unearthed at Lenape burial ground in Staten Island the largest pre European burial ground in New York City At the time of European contact the island was inhabited by the Raritan band of the Unami division of the Lenape In Lenape one of the Algonquian languages Staten Island was called Aquehonga Manacknong meaning as far as the place of the bad woods or Eghquhous meaning the bad woods 12 The area was part of the Lenape homeland known as Lenapehoking The Lenape were later called the Delaware by the English colonists because they inhabited both shores of what the English named the Delaware River The island was laced with Native American foot trails one of which followed the south side of the ridge near the course of present day Richmond Road and Amboy Road The Lenape did not live in fixed encampments but moved seasonally using slash and burn agriculture Shellfish was a staple of their diet including the Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica abundant in the waterways throughout the present day New York City region Evidence of their habitation can still be seen in shell middens along the shore in the Tottenville section where oyster shells larger than 12 inches 305 mm are sometimes found Burial Ridge a Lenape burial ground on a bluff overlooking Raritan Bay in Tottenville is the largest pre European burial ground in New York City Bodies have been reported unearthed at Burial Ridge from 1858 onward After conducting independent research which included unearthing bodies interred at the site ethnologist and archaeologist George H Pepper was contracted in 1895 to conduct paid archaeological research at Burial Ridge by the American Museum of Natural History The burial ground today is unmarked and lies within Conference House Park European settlement Edit The first recorded European contact on the island was in 1520 by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano who sailed through The Narrows on the ship La Dauphine and anchored for one night The Dutch did not establish a permanent settlement on Staaten Eylandt for many decades Its name derived from the Staten Generaal the parliament of the Republic of the Seven United Dutch Provinces From 1639 to 1655 Cornelis Melyn and David de Vries made three separate attempts to establish one there but each time the settlement was destroyed in conflicts between the Dutch and the local tribe 13 In 1661 the first permanent Dutch settlement was established at Oude Dorp Dutch for Old Village by a small group of Dutch Walloon and French Huguenot families 14 just south of the Narrows near South Beach Many French Huguenots had gone to the Netherlands as refugees from the religious wars in France suffering persecution for their Protestant faith and some joined the emigration to New Netherland At one point nearly a third of the residents of the Island spoke French 15 The last vestige of Oude Dorp is the name of the present day neighborhood of Old Town adjacent to Old Town Road 16 Staten Island was not spared the bloodshed that culminated in Kieft s War In the summer of 1641 and in 1642 Native American tribes laid waste to Old Town 17 Voorlezer s House built c 1696 Billiou Stillwell Perine House Richmond County Edit At the end of the Second Anglo Dutch War in 1667 the Dutch ceded New Netherland to England in the Treaty of Breda and the Dutch Staaten Eylandt anglicized as Staten Island became part of the new English colony of New York In 1670 the Native Americans ceded all claims to Staten Island to the English in a deed to Governor Francis Lovelace In 1671 in order to encourage an expansion of the Dutch settlements the English resurveyed Oude Dorp which became known as Old Town and expanded the lots along the shore to the south These lots were settled primarily by Dutch families and became known as Nieuwe Dorp meaning New Village which later became anglicized as New Dorp Captain Christopher Billopp after years of distinguished service in the Royal Navy came to America in 1674 in charge of a company of infantry The following year he settled on Staten Island where he was granted a patent for 932 acres 3 8 km2 of land According to one version of an oft repeated but apocryphal tale 18 Captain Billopp s seamanship secured Staten Island to New York rather than to New Jersey the island would belong to New York if the captain could circumnavigate it in one day which he did This story is most likely untrue due to conflicting information on the time Christopher Billopp took to complete the race and whether he received a personal prize or not Mayor Michael Bloomberg perpetuated the myth by referring to it at a news conference in Brooklyn on February 20 2007 18 Reliable historical documentation of the event is extremely sparse however and most historians conclude that it is entirely apocryphal In 2007 The New York Times addressed the issue in a news article which concluded that this event was heavily embellished over the years and almost certainly originated in local folklore 19 YouTube personality CGP Grey addressed the story of the Staten Island race and its historical discrepancies in a 2019 video 20 in which he concluded that Gabriel Disosway a local chronicler in Staten Island was responsible for originating the legend in the mid 1800s 21 In 1683 the colony of New York was divided into ten counties As part of this process Staten Island as well as several minor neighboring islands was designated as Richmond County The name derives from the title of Charles Lennox 1st Duke of Richmond an illegitimate son of King Charles II In 1687 and 1688 the English divided the island into four administrative divisions based on natural features the 5 100 acre 21 km2 manorial estate of colonial governor Thomas Dongan in the northeastern hills known as the Lordship or Manor of Cassiltown along with the North South and West divisions These divisions later evolved into the four towns of Castleton Northfield Southfield and Westfield In 1698 the population was 727 22 The government granted land patents in rectangular blocks of 80 acres 320 000 m2 with the most desirable lands along the coastline and inland waterways By 1708 the entire island had been divided up in this fashion creating 166 small farms and two large manorial estates the Dongan estate and a 1 600 acres 6 5 km2 parcel on the southwestern tip of the island belonging to Christopher Billopp 9 The first county seat was established in New Dorp in what was called Stony Brook at the time 23 In 1729 the county seat was moved to the village of Richmond Town located at the headwaters of the Fresh Kills near the center of the island By 1771 the island s population had grown to 2 847 22 18th century and the American Revolution Edit Sir Willam Howe established his headquarters at the Rose and Crown Tavern at New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road prior to the invasions of Long Island and Manhattan Staten Islanders were solidly supportive of the Crown and the island played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War General George Washington once called Islanders our most inveterate enemies 24 As support of independence spread throughout the colonies residents of the island were so uninterested that no representatives were sent to the First Continental Congress the only county in New York to not send anyone This had economic repercussions in the months up through 1776 where New Jersey towns such as Elizabethport Woodbridge and Dover instituted boycotts on doing business with islanders 25 On March 17 1776 the British forces under Sir William Howe evacuated Boston and sailed for Halifax Nova Scotia From Halifax Howe prepared to attack New York City which then consisted entirely of the southern end of Manhattan Island General George Washington led the entire Continental Army to New York City in anticipation of the British attack Howe used the strategic location of Staten Island as a staging ground for the invasion Over 140 British ships arrived over the summer of 1776 and anchored off the shores of Staten Island at the entrance to New York Harbor The British soldiers and Hessian mercenaries numbered about 30 000 Howe established his headquarters in New Dorp at the Rose and Crown Tavern near the junction of present New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road There the representatives of the British government reportedly received their first notification of the Declaration of Independence In August 1776 the British forces crossed the Narrows to Brooklyn and outflanked the American forces at the Battle of Long Island resulting in the British control of the harbor and the capture of New York City shortly afterwards Three weeks later on September 11 1776 Sir William s brother Lord Howe received a delegation of Americans consisting of Benjamin Franklin Edward Rutledge and John Adams at the Conference House on the southwestern tip of the island on the former estate of Christopher Billopp The Americans refused a peace offer from Howe in exchange for withdrawing the Declaration of Independence and the conference ended without an agreement The Conference House On August 22 1777 the Battle of Staten Island occurred between the British forces and several companies of the 2nd Canadian Regiment fighting alongside other American companies The battle was inconclusive though both sides surrendered over a hundred troops as prisoners The Americans finally withdrew In early 1780 while the Kill Van Kull was frozen over Lord Stirling led an unsuccessful Patriot raid from New Jersey on the western shore of Staten Island It was repulsed in part by troops led by British Commander Francis Rawdon Hastings 1st Marquess of Hastings In June 1780 Wilhelm von Knyphausen commander of Britain s Hessian auxiliaries led many raids and a full assault into New Jersey from Staten Island with the aim of defeating George Washington and the Continental Army Although the raids were successful in the Newark and Elizabeth areas the advance was halted at Connecticut Farms Union and the Battle of Springfield 26 British forces remained on Staten Island for the remainder of the war Most Patriots fled after the British occupation and the sentiment of those who remained was predominantly Loyalist Even so the islanders found the demands of supporting the troops to be heavy The British army kept headquarters in neighborhoods such as Bulls Head Many buildings and churches were destroyed for their materials and the military s demand for resources resulted in an extensive deforestation by the end of the war The British army again used the island as a staging ground for its final evacuation of New York City on December 5 1783 After their departure many Loyalist landowners such as Christopher Billop the family of Canadian historian Peter Fisher John Dunn who founded St Andrews New Brunswick and Abraham Jones fled to Canada and their estates were subdivided and sold Staten Island was occupied by the British longer than any single part of the Thirteen Colonies 27 19th century Edit Historic Richmond Town museum complex is located in the heart of Staten Island On July 4 1827 the end of slavery in New York state was celebrated at Swan Hotel West Brighton Rooms at the hotel were reserved months in advance as local abolitionists including prominent free blacks prepared for the festivities Speeches pageants picnics and fireworks marked the celebration which lasted for two days From 1800 to 1858 Staten Island was the location of the largest quarantine facility in the United States Angry residents burned down the hospital compound in 1858 in a series of attacks known as the Staten Island Quarantine War 28 In 1860 parts of Castleton and Southfield were made into a new town Middletown The Village of New Brighton in the town of Castleton was incorporated in 1866 and in 1872 the Village of New Brighton annexed all the remainder of the Town of Castleton and became coterminous with the town An 1887 movement to make Staten Island a city came to nothing 29 Consolidation with New York City Edit New housing on Staten Island 1973 Photo by Arthur Tress US Navy ships tied up at the home port pier during Fleet Week in 2007 The towns of Staten Island were dissolved in 1898 with the consolidation of the City of Greater New York as Richmond County became one of the five boroughs of the expanded city Although consolidated into the City of Greater New York in 1898 the county sheriff of Staten Island maintained control of the jail system unlike the other boroughs which had gradually transferred control of the jails to the Department of Correction The jail system was not transferred until January 1 1942 Staten Island is the only borough without a New York City Department of Correction major detention center The construction of the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge along with the other three major Staten Island bridges created a new way for commuters and tourists to travel from New Jersey to Brooklyn Manhattan and areas farther east on Long Island The network of highways running between the bridges has effectively carved up many of Staten Island s old neighborhoods The bridge opened many areas of the borough to residential and commercial development especially in the central and southern parts of the borough which had been largely undeveloped Staten Island s population doubled from 221 991 in 1960 to 443 728 in 2000 30 Nevertheless Staten Island remained less developed than the rest of the city A New York Times article in 1972 stated that despite the borough having 333 000 residents parts of the island still maintained a bucolic atmosphere with woods and marshes 31 Throughout the 1980s a movement to secede from the city steadily grew in popularity notably championed by longtime New York state senator and former Republican Party mayoral nominee John J Marchi The campaign reached its peak during the mayoral term of David Dinkins 1990 1993 after the U S Supreme Court invalidated the New York City Board of Estimate which had given equal representation to the five boroughs Dinkins and the city government opposed a non binding secession referendum contending that the vote should not be permitted by the state unless the city issued a home rule message supporting it which the city would not Governor Mario Cuomo disagreed and the vote went forward in 1993 Ultimately 65 of Staten island residents voted to secede through the approval of a new city charter making Staten Island an independent city but implementation was blocked in the State Assembly 32 33 In the 1980s the United States Navy had a base on Staten Island called Naval Station New York It had two sections a Strategic Homeport in Stapleton and a larger section near Fort Wadsworth where the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge enters the island The base was closed in 1994 through the Base Realignment and Closure process because of its small size and the expense of basing personnel there View of the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge from the South Beach on Staten Island Fresh Kills and its tributaries are part of the largest tidal wetland ecosystem in the region Its creeks and wetlands have been designated a Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitat by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Opened along Fresh Kills as a temporary landfill in 1947 the Fresh Kills Landfill was a repository of trash for the city of New York The landfill once the world s largest man made structure 34 was closed in 2001 35 but was briefly re opened for the debris from Ground Zero following the September 11 attacks in 2001 It is being converted into a park Plans for the park include a bird nesting island public roads boardwalks soccer and baseball fields bridle paths and a 5 000 seat stadium 36 Today freshwater and tidal wetlands fields birch thickets and a coastal oak maritime forest as well as areas dominated by non native plant species are all within the boundaries of Fresh Kills Verrazzano Narrows Bridge connecting the eastern portion of the island to BrooklynGeology Edit The geology of Staten Island Serpentinite shown in rock cut along I 278 in Staten Island by Todt Hill marked on USGS geological map During the Paleozoic Era the tectonic plate containing the continent of Laurentia and the plate containing the continent of Gondwanaland were converging the Iapetus Ocean that separated the two continents gradually closed and the resulting collision between the plates formed the Appalachian Mountains During the early stages of this mountain building known as the Taconic orogeny a piece of ocean crust from the Iapetus Ocean broke off and became incorporated into the collision zone and now forms the oldest bedrock strata of Staten Island the serpentinite This strata of the Lower Paleozoic approximately 430 million years old consists predominantly of the serpentine minerals antigorite chrysotile and lizardite it also contains asbestos and talc At the end of the Paleozoic era 248 million years ago all major continental masses were joined into the supercontinent of Pangaea The Palisades Sill has been designated a National Natural Landmark being the best example of a thick diabase sill in the United States It underlies a portion of northwest Staten Island with a visible outcropping in Travis off Travis Road in the William T Davis Wildlife Refuge This is the same formation that appears in New Jersey and upstate New York along the Hudson River in Palisades Interstate Park The sill extends southward beyond the cliffs in Jersey City beneath the Upper New York Harbor and resurfaces on Staten Island The Palisades sill date from the Early Jurassic period 192 to 186 million years ago Staten Island has been at the southern terminus of various periods of glaciation The most recent the Wisconsin glaciation ended approximately 12 000 years ago The accumulated rock and sediment deposited at the terminus of the glacier is known as the terminal moraine present along the central portion of the island The evidence of these glacial periods is visible in the remaining wooded areas of Staten Island in the form of glacial erratics and kettle ponds 37 At the retreat of the ice sheet Staten Island was connected by land to Long Island as the Narrows had not yet formed Geologists reckonings of the course of the Hudson River have placed it alternatively through the present course of the Raritan River south of the island or through present day Flushing Bay and Jamaica Bay Geography Edit Location of Staten Island red within New York City remainder yellow Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC U S 2010 Staten Island is especially vulnerable to sea level rise Aerial view of Staten Island from the east at night See also List of Staten Island neighborhoods According to the U S Census Bureau Richmond County has a total area of 102 5 square miles 265 km2 of which 58 5 square miles 152 km2 is land and 44 0 square miles 114 km2 43 is water 38 It is the third smallest county in New York by land area and fourth smallest by total area Although Staten Island is a borough of New York City the island is topographically and geologically a part of New Jersey 39 Staten Island is separated from Long Island by the Narrows and from mainland New Jersey by the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull Staten Island is positioned at the center of New York Bight a sharp bend in the shoreline between New Jersey and Long Island The region is considered vulnerable to sea level rise 40 On October 29 2012 the island experienced severe damage and loss of life along with the destruction of many homes during Hurricane Sandy 41 42 In addition to the main island the borough and county also include several small uninhabited islands The Isle of Meadows at the mouth of Fresh Kills Prall s Island in the Arthur Kill Shooters Island in Newark Bay part of it is in New Jersey Swinburne Island in Lower New York Bay Hoffman Island in Lower New York Bay The highest point on the island the summit of Todt Hill elevation 410 ft 125 m is also the highest point in the five boroughs as well as the highest point on the Atlantic coastal plain south of Great Blue Hill in Massachusetts and the highest point on the coast proper south of Maine s Camden Hills Ward s Point in the neighborhood of Tottenville is the southernmost point in the state of New York Staten Island is the only borough in New York City that does not share a land border with another borough Marble Hill in Manhattan is contiguous with the Bronx The borough has a land border with Elizabeth and Bayonne New Jersey on uninhabited Shooters Island Deer found in Charleston Staten Island Deer may be part of 40 large herd in Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserves Wildlife Edit Staten Island is home to a large and diverse population of wildlife Wildlife found on Staten Island include white tailed deer which have increased from a population of 24 in 2008 to 2 000 in 2017 due to a hunting ban and a lack of predators 43 as well as hundreds of species of birds including bald eagles turkey hawks egrets and ring necked pheasants Staten Island is home to Atlantic horseshoe crabs cottontail rabbits opossums raccoons garter snakes red eared slider turtles newts spring peeper frogs leopard frogs fox box turtles northern snapping turtles and common snapping turtles Parkland Edit Staten Island includes thousands of acres of federal state and local park land including the greenbelt and blue belt park systems and the Gateway National Recreation Area in addition to hundreds of acres of private wooded areas The National Park Service maintains full time wildland firefighters to patrol Staten Island sites in wildfire brush trucks The parks on Staten Island are managed by various state federal and local agencies Five sites are part of the 26 000 acre 110 km2 Gateway National Recreation Area managed by the U S National Park Service and patrolled by the United States Park Police Great Kills Park Miller Field Fort Wadsworth Hoffman Island Swinburne Island Two New York State parks are managed by the New York State Office of Parks Recreation and Historic Preservation Mount Loretto Unique Area Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserve New York State Park Police officers patrol these parks and the surrounding streets 359 acres 145 ha of State Forests state wildlife management areas and Wetlands are managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Saint Francis Woodland Butler Manor Woods Arden Heights Woods Todt Hill Woods North Mount Loretto State Forest Lemon Creek Tidal Wetland Wildlife Management Area Blosers Wetland Wildlife Management Area Goethal Pond Wetland Bridge Creek Tidal Wetland Old Place Creek Tidal Wetland Oakwood Beach Wetland Sharrots Shoreline Natural Resource Area Sawmill Creek Wetland The 359 acres 145 ha of NYS Department of Environmental Conservation land throughout the island are patrolled by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Police officers and one NYS DEC Forest Ranger who has the dual task of law enforcement and fire suppression The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation manages 156 parks including Conference House Park Willowbrook Park Graniteville Quarry Park Silver Lake Park Clove Lakes Park The Fresh Kills Landfill was the world s largest landfill before closing in 2001 44 although it was temporarily reopened that year to receive debris from the September 11 attacks 45 The landfill is being redeveloped as Freshkills Park an area devoted to restoring habitat The park will become New York City s second largest public park when completed 46 Adjacent counties Edit New Jersey Edit Hudson County north and northeast Union County northwest Middlesex County west and southwest Monmouth County southNew York Edit Kings County east New York County northeastDemographics EditMain article Demographics of Staten Island Historical populationCensus Pop 17903 835 18004 56419 0 18105 34717 2 18206 13514 7 18307 08215 4 184010 96554 8 185015 06137 4 186025 49269 3 187033 02929 6 188038 99118 1 189051 71332 6 190067 02129 6 191085 96928 3 1920116 53135 6 1930158 34635 9 1940174 44110 2 1950191 5559 8 1960221 99115 9 1970295 44333 1 1980352 02919 2 1990378 9777 7 2000443 72817 1 2010468 7305 6 2020495 7475 8 U S Decennial Census 47 1790 1960 48 1900 1990 49 1990 2000 50 2010 and 2017 51 2020 2 New York City s five boroughsvteJurisdiction Population GDP Land area DensityBorough County Census 2020 billions 2012 US square miles square km persons mi2 persons km2The Bronx Bronx 1 472 654 42 695 42 2 109 3 34 920 13 482Brooklyn Kings 2 736 074 91 559 69 4 179 7 39 438 15 227Manhattan New York 1 694 251 600 244 22 7 58 8 74 781 28 872Queens Queens 2 405 464 93 310 108 7 281 5 22 125 8 542Staten Island Richmond 495 747 14 514 57 5 148 9 8 618 3 327City of New York 8 804 190 842 343 302 64 783 83 29 095 11 234State of New York 20 215 751 1 731 910 47 126 40 122 056 82 429 166Sources 52 53 54 55 and see individual borough articlesRace 2018 56 1990 57 1970 57 1950 57 White 75 2 85 94 97 1 Non Hispanic 60 3 80 n a n aBlack or African American 11 7 8 1 5 3 2 8 Hispanic or Latino of any race 18 7 8 n a n aAsian 10 2 4 5 0 4 0 1 As of the 2018 Estimate 22 2 of residents are foreign born 11 9 of residents live below the poverty line the lowest of the five boroughs Average per capita income was 33 922 while median household income was 76 244 There are 181 199 housing units with a 69 5 owner occupancy rate the highest of the five boroughs as well as a median value of 460 200 There are 166 150 households with 2 82 persons per household At the 2010 Census there were 468 730 people living in Staten Island which is an increase of 5 6 since the 2000 Census Staten Island is the only New York City borough with a non Hispanic White majority According to the 2010 Census 64 0 of the population was non Hispanic White down from 79 in 1990 58 10 6 Black or African American 0 4 American Indian and Alaska Native 7 5 Asian 0 2 from some other race non Hispanic and 2 6 of two or more races 17 3 of Staten Island s population was of Hispanic or Latino origin of any race In 2009 approximately 20 0 of the population was foreign born and 1 8 of the populace was born in Puerto Rico U S Island areas or born abroad to American parents Approximately 28 6 of the population over five years of age spoke a language other than English at home and 27 3 of the population over twenty five years of age had a bachelor s degree or higher 59 According to the 2009 American Community Survey the borough s population was 75 7 White 65 8 non Hispanic White alone 10 2 Black or African American 9 6 non Hispanic Black or African American alone 0 2 American Indian and Alaska Native 7 4 Asian 0 0 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 4 6 from Some other race and 1 9 from Two or more races Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 15 9 of the population 60 According to the survey the top ten European ancestries were the following Italian 33 7 Irish 14 2 German 5 7 Russian 3 8 Polish 3 4 English 1 6 Ukrainian 1 3 Norwegian 1 0 Greek 1 0 French 0 9 The borough has the highest proportion of Italian Americans of any county in the United States There is a significant Jewish community mainly in the Willowbrook area Since the 2000 census a large Russian community has been growing on Staten Island particularly in the Rossville South Beach and Great Kills area There is also a significant Polish community mainly in the South Beach and Midland Beach area and there is also a large Sri Lankan community on Staten Island concentrated mainly on Victory Boulevard on the northeastern tip of Staten Island towards St George The Little Sri Lanka in the Tompkinsville neighborhood is one of the largest Sri Lankan communities outside of the country of Sri Lanka 61 62 The island houses more Liberians than anywhere outside Liberia 63 and has included three Liberian heads of state David D Kpormakpor Ruth Perry and George Weah The borough is also home to a Chinanteco speaking Indigenous Mexican American community 64 Most of the borough s African American and Hispanic residents live north of the Staten Island Expressway or Interstate 278 In terms of religion the borough s population is largely Roman Catholic peaking near 60 in the 2000 census 65 The Jewish community is slightly less numerous compared to other parts of the New York Metropolitan Area There is a growing presence of Egyptian Copts most of whom are members of the Coptic Orthodox Church 66 Per the 2009 American Community Survey the median income for a household was 55 039 and the median income for a family was 64 333 Males had a median income of 50 081 versus 35 914 for females The per capita income for the borough was 23 905 About 7 9 of families and 10 0 of the population were below the poverty line including 13 2 of those under age 18 and 9 9 of those age 65 or over If each borough were ranked as a separate city Staten Island would be the 44th most populous in the United States Languages Edit As of 2010 update 70 39 306 310 of Staten Island residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home while 10 02 43 587 spoke Spanish 3 14 13 665 Russian 3 11 13 542 Italian 2 39 10 412 Chinese 1 81 7 867 other Indo European languages 1 38 5 990 Arabic 1 01 4 390 Polish 0 88 3 812 Korean 0 80 3 500 Tagalog 0 76 3 308 other Asian languages 0 62 2 717 Urdu 0 57 2 479 other Indic languages and African languages were spoken as a first language by 0 56 2 458 of the population over the age of five In total 29 61 128 827 of Staten Island s population age 5 and older spoke a first language other than English 67 Government and politics EditHistory Edit Presidential elections results 68 69 70 71 Year Republican Democratic Third parties2020 56 9 123 320 42 0 90 997 1 1 2 4502016 56 1 101 437 41 0 74 143 3 0 5 3802012 48 1 74 223 50 7 78 181 1 2 1 7762008 51 7 86 062 47 6 79 311 0 7 1 2052004 56 4 90 325 42 7 68 448 0 9 1 3702000 45 0 63 903 51 9 73 828 3 1 4 3981996 40 8 52 207 50 5 64 684 8 7 11 1161992 47 9 70 707 38 5 56 901 13 6 20 1521988 61 5 77 427 38 0 47 812 0 6 7361984 65 1 83 187 34 7 44 345 0 2 2941980 58 6 64 885 33 7 37 306 7 7 8 4561976 54 1 56 995 45 5 47 867 0 4 4641972 74 2 84 686 25 6 29 241 0 2 1961968 55 3 54 631 35 2 34 770 9 5 9 4231964 45 5 42 330 54 4 50 524 0 1 921960 56 5 50 356 43 4 38 673 0 1 941956 76 6 64 233 23 4 19 644 0 0 01952 66 2 55 993 33 4 28 280 0 4 2941948 54 1 39 539 41 6 30 442 4 3 3 1531944 57 1 42 188 42 6 31 502 0 3 2281940 50 2 38 911 49 5 38 307 0 3 2491936 32 5 22 852 65 7 46 229 1 9 1 3081932 35 3 21 278 61 1 36 857 3 7 2 2101928 45 3 24 998 54 2 29 937 0 5 2941924 47 9 18 007 42 0 15 801 10 1 3 7781920 63 2 17 844 33 2 9 373 3 7 1 0411916 44 4 7 319 53 6 8 843 2 0 3361912 19 3 3 035 53 6 8 445 27 1 4 2771908 45 3 6 831 49 1 7 401 5 7 8521904 47 7 7 000 49 0 7 182 3 3 4861900 45 8 6 042 51 2 6 759 3 0 4001896 55 1 6 170 39 8 4 452 5 1 5761892 38 1 4 091 57 0 6 122 4 9 5281888 40 8 4 100 57 4 5 764 1 8 1791884 37 4 3 164 60 7 5 135 1 9 1641880 40 6 3 291 59 4 4 815 1876 39 9 2 883 60 1 4 339 1872 51 5 2 611 48 5 2 458 1868 42 3 2 216 57 7 3 023 1864 35 2 1 565 64 8 2 875 1860 37 3 1 408 62 7 2 370 1856 22 8 736 47 9 1 550 29 3 947See also Government of New York City Since New York City s consolidation in 1898 Staten Island has been governed by the New York City Charter that provides for a strong mayor council system The centralized New York City government is responsible for public education correctional institutions libraries public safety recreational facilities sanitation water supply and welfare services on Staten Island The office of Borough president was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate which was responsible for creating and approving the city s budget and proposals for land use The Office of Borough President became one focal point for opinions over the Vietnam War when former intelligence agent and peace activist Ed Murphy ran for office in 1973 sponsored by the Staten Island Democratic Association Murphy s combat veteran status deflected traditional right wing attacks on liberals and the campaign facilitated the emergence of more liberal politics on Staten Island In Board of Estimate of City of New York v Morris 1989 the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional on the grounds that Brooklyn the most populous borough had no greater effective representation on the board than Staten Island the least populous borough a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment s Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court s 1964 one man one vote decision 72 Borough Hall in St George Staten Island Since 1990 the Borough president has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies the City Council the New York state government and corporations Staten Island s Borough President is James Oddo a Republican elected in November 2013 with 69 1 of the vote Oddo is the only Republican borough president in New York City Staten Island flag Edit The Staten Island flag uses its old borough seal as a flag Politics Edit Staten Island s politics differ considerably from the rest of New York City While the other four boroughs tend to be strongly Democratic Staten Island is considered the most conservative and the only one where Republicans usually do well 73 Although in 2005 44 7 of the borough s registered voters were registered Democrats and 30 6 were registered Republicans the Republican Party holds a majority of local public offices Staten Island is the base of New York City s Republican Party in citywide elections The main political divide in the borough is demarcated by the Staten Island Expressway areas north of the Expressway tend to be more liberal while the south tends to be more conservative Local party platforms center on affordable housing education and law and order Two out of Staten Island s three New York City Council members are Republicans including conservative commentator Joe Borelli In national elections Staten Island is a Republican leaning county Staten Island has voted for a Democratic presidential nominee only four times since 1940 in 1964 1996 2000 and 2012 In the 2004 presidential election Republican George W Bush received 56 of the vote in Staten Island and Democrat John Kerry received 43 By contrast Kerry outpolled Bush in New York City s other four boroughs by a cumulative margin of 77 to 22 In the 2008 presidential election Republican John McCain won 52 of the vote in the borough to Democrat Barack Obama s 48 In 2012 the borough flipped and was won by incumbent Democrat Barack Obama who took 51 of the vote to Republican Mitt Romney s 48 This made the borough one of the few parts of the country where Barack Obama gained as compared to 2008 74 The Democratic Party s gains on the island in the 2010s proved ephemeral In 2016 Republican Donald Trump carried Staten Island by 15 1 the largest margin of any presidential candidate since 1988 With 56 1 of the island wide vote Trump became the first ever presidential candidate to receive over 100 000 votes out of Staten Island The borough stayed Republican on election day 2020 delivering 56 9 a record of more than 123 000 votes to reelect incumbent President Donald Trump 69 70 In both elections Staten Island was the only borough where Trump managed even 30 percent of the vote Each of the city s five counties coterminous with each borough has its own criminal court system and District Attorney the chief public prosecutor who is directly elected by popular vote Michael McMahon a Conservative Democrat is the current District Attorney 75 Staten Island has three City Council members the smallest number among the five boroughs As of 2019 the island s city council delegation comprises two Republicans and one Democrat The borough also has three administrative districts each served by a local Community Board Community Boards are representative bodies that field complaints and serve as advocates for local residents In the 2009 election for city offices Staten Island elected its first black official Debi Rose who defeated the incumbent Democrat in the North Shore city council seat in a primary and then went on to win the general election Staten Island lies entirely within New York s 11th congressional district which also includes part of southwestern Brooklyn It is currently represented by a Republican Nicole Malliotakis who was elected in 2020 76 The district had previously been represented by Democrat Max Rose until Republican challenger Nicole Malliotakis defeated freshman incumbent Rose by a district wide margin of 58 to 42 based on election night results Malliotakis won her home borough of Staten Island by an 18 8 margin winning 59 3 of the island s vote to Rose s 40 5 77 70 Party affiliation of Staten Island registered voters Party 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996Democratic 44 70 44 76 45 19 45 39 45 63 45 47 45 51 45 60 46 38 46 15Republican 30 64 30 47 30 77 30 55 30 68 30 76 31 17 31 60 30 80 31 28No affiliation 19 00 19 10 18 46 18 54 18 67 18 84 18 67 18 25 18 43 18 48Other 5 66 5 67 5 58 5 52 5 02 4 93 4 65 4 55 4 39 4 09Local politics Edit Staten Island representation in the state assembly has two Democrats and two Republicans The 62nd and 64th 78 districts are represented by Republicans Michael Reilly and Michael Tannousis The 62nd district 79 encompasses most of the south shore of the island Both the 61st 80 and 63rd 81 districts have elected Democrats Charles Fall and Michael J Cusick Staten Island is split between two state Senate districts Most of the island used to be represented by Republican John J Marchi 82 the longest serving legislator in state history but is now represented by Republican Andrew Lanza while the North Shore belongs to the Brooklyn based district of Democrat Diane Savino 83 In 2018 Matthew Titone a Democrat who at the time was a member of the New York State Assembly for the 61st District was elected Surrogate Judge for Richmond County which covers all of Staten Island He was succeeded by Charles Fall also a Democrat and the first African American elected to the Assembly from Staten Island Until 2009 Staten Island was included with Brooklyn as part of New York State s 2nd Judicial District In that year Staten Island secured Judicial Independence when a new law was signed creating New York s 13th Judicial District Since 2009 Staten Island voters have had the opportunity to elect 5 Justices to the New York State Supreme Court In New York City mayoral elections Staten Island has traditionally been reliably Republican having last voted Democratic for incumbent mayor Ed Koch in 1985 Staten Island s high Republican turnout is considered one of the major factors that helped Rudy Giuliani win in 1993 against incumbent Democratic mayor David Dinkins and also Michael Bloomberg in 2001 against Mark J Green Secession from New York City Edit Secession from NYC has been a long time hot button issue on Staten Island The Greater City exists as a result of actions of the New York State Legislature and as such could be reduced in size by the same mechanism A non binding referendum was held in 1993 to consider whether it should be allowed to secede from the City The New York City government and Mayor David Dinkins opposed the vote contending that the referendum should not be permitted by the state unless the city issued a home rule message supporting it which the city would not Governor Mario Cuomo disagreed and the vote went forward Ultimately 65 of Staten Island residents voted to secede through the approval of a new city charter making Staten Island an independent city but implementation was blocked in the State Assembly citation needed The Staten Island secession movement was defused by the election of Rudy Giuliani as New York City mayor on the same ballot He had campaigned on the promise that Staten Island s grievances would be addressed Giuliani s plurality in his narrow victory over Dinkins was aided by overwhelming support from Staten Island Two of the borough s biggest demands were closing the Fresh Kills Landfill and making the Staten Island Ferry free both of which were done However after the election of Bill de Blasio as Mayor in 2013 and the success of the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom in 2016 interest in secession was revived In 2019 New York City councilman Joe Borelli announced his plan to introduce another set of bills to study the feasibility of secession citation needed Tourism EditIn 2009 Borough president James Molinaro started a program to increase tourism on Staten Island This program included a new website a Staten Island Attractions video that is aired in both the Staten Island and the Manhattan Whitehall ferry terminals as well as informational kiosks at the terminals which supply printed information on Staten Island attractions entertainment and restaurants citation needed Empire Outlets New York City is a 350 000 square foot 33 000 m2 retail complex constructed in the St George neighborhood of Staten Island Empire Outlets features 100 designer outlets It is the first outlet mall in New York City The mall is located next to the St George Terminal a major ferry train and bus hub citation needed Staten Island s Arts District is located in the North Shore region with many locations to see music and experience art The Snug Harbor Cultural Center and Botanic Gardens 1000 Richmond Terrace is home to The Staten Island Museum The Staten Island Children s Museum Heritage Farm The Newhouse Gallery The Chinese Scholar s Garden and the Great Hall The St George Theater is a historic landmark seated theater within walking distance from the ferry and it hosts many touring music artists ArtSpace located at Navy Pier Court is run by the local arts council with revolving exhibits by local artists Staten Island s only community radio station Maker Park Radio is located in the Stapleton neighborhood of Staten Island The Alice Austin House is a historic landmark and photography gallery with a view of Manhattan Although Staten Island lacks venues one can see many live music artists at local restaurants and spaces such as Flagship Brewery and Taproom O Henry s The Hop Shoppe Seppe Pizza Bar The Burrito Bar Adobe Blues and Hub17 on most weekends For theater there is the Staten Island Shakesperean Theater Illuminart Productions Hemlock Theater Sundog Theater The Arts Center at the College of Staten Island Seaview Playwrights Theater and The Little Victory Theater citation needed Staten Island is known as the borough of parks because of its numerous parks Some well known parks are Clove Lakes Silver Lake Greenbelt and High Rock Moses Mountain a hill known for its view of the borough is the location where Robert Moses wanted to build the Richmond Parkway before protests defeated this arrangement It is now a key point of Staten Island for tourists citation needed Culture EditSee also Culture of New York City Local support for the arts Edit Postcards 9 11 Memorial at St George Esplanade Artists and musicians have been moving to Staten Island s North Shore so they can be in close proximity to Manhattan but also have enough affordable space to live and work 7 84 85 Filmmakers most of whom work independently also play an important part in Staten Island s art scene which has been recognized by the local government Staten Island Arts formerly The Council on the Arts and Humanities for Staten Island is Staten Island s local arts council and helps support local artists and cultural organizations with regrants workshops folklife and arts in education programs and advocacy 86 Conceived by the Staten Island Economic Development Corporation to introduce independent and international films to a broad and diverse audience the Staten Island Film Festival SIFF held its first four day festival in 2006 Attractions Edit Historic Richmond Town is New York City s living history village and museum complex Visitors can explore the diversity of the American experience especially that of Staten Island and its neighboring communities from the colonial period to the present The village area occupies 25 acres 100 000 m2 of a 100 acre 0 40 km2 site with about 15 restored buildings including homes commercial and civic buildings and a museum The island is home to the Staten Island Zoo Zoo construction commenced in 1933 as part of the Federal Government s works program on an eight acre three hectare estate willed to New York City It was opened on June 10 1936 the first zoo in the U S specifically devoted to an educational mandate In the late 1960s the zoo maintained the most complete rattlesnake collection in the world with 39 varieties Museums Edit Sailors Snug Harbor Snug Harbor Cultural Center the Alice Austen House Museum the Conference House the Garibaldi Meucci Museum Historic Richmond Town Jacques Marchais Museum of Tibetan Art the Noble Maritime Collection Sandy Ground Historical Museum 87 Staten Island Children s Museum the Staten Island Museum and the Staten Island Botanical Garden home of the New York Chinese Scholar s Garden can all be found on the island The National Lighthouse Museum recently undertook a major fundraising project and opened in 2012 and the Staten Island Museum art science and history plans to open a new branch in Snug Harbor by 2014 The Seguine Mansion also known as The Seguine Burke Mansion is located on Lemon Creek near the southern shore of Staten Island The Greek Revival house is one of the few surviving examples of 19th century life on Staten Island It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a member of the Historic House Trust It is an underappreciated attraction harboring peacocks and an equestrian center 88 Newspapers Edit Staten Island s local paper is The Staten Island Advance The paper also has an affiliated website called silive wbr com In culture Edit Film Edit Movies filmed partially or wholly on Staten Island include The King of Staten Island Analyze This The Astronaut s Wife A Beautiful Mind Bad Hurt Big Daddy Big Fan Cropsey Combat Shock The Devil s Own Donnie Brasco Easy Money The First Purge Freedomland Fur The Godfather Goodfellas Grace Quigley He Knows You re Alone How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days The Irishman The Jimmy Show Joe the King Little Children Neighbors Nerve The Other Guys The Kindergarten Teacher The Perils of Pauline 1914 serial Scent of a Woman School of Rock Shamus Stairwell Trapped in the World Trade Center Sisters Sorry Wrong Number Splendor in the Grass Staten Island Staten Island Summer The Toxic Avenger Three Christs Trainwreck Two Family House War of the Worlds Wedding Daze Who s That Knocking at My Door Working Girl Literature Edit World War One poet Alan Seeger who fought with the French Foreign Legion and was killed in the Battle of the Somme and author of I Have a Rendezvous with Death grew up at St Marks Place above the ferry stop on Staten Island in the last decade of the 19th century His poem The Old Lowe House described property that would become Low Terrace St George 89 Ki Longfellow was born on the island Longfellow is the author of The Secret Magdalene and other books Her Sam Russo historical detective noir novels are based in and around Stapleton Lois Lowry the author of The Gossamer The Giver and many other books attended school on Staten Island Writer Paul Zindel lived in Staten Island during his youth and based most of his teenage novels in the island George R R Martin based King s Landing on the view of Staten Island from his childhood home in Bayonne New Jersey 90 Music Edit Main article Music of New York City Staten Island also has a local music scene These venues in the North Shore are part of the art movement mentioned above Local bands include many punk ska hardcore punk indie metal and pop punk bands Staten Island is known internationally for its hip hop culture from the critically acclaimed Wu Tang Clan Musicians who were born or reside on Staten Island and groups that formed on Staten Island are found at List of people from Staten Island Television Edit The Spectrum cable news channel NY1 airs a weekly show called This Week on Staten Island hosted by Anthony Pascale The magazine style show takes content from NY1 s hourly newscasts called Your Staten Island News Now A documentary series A Walk Around Staten Island with David Hartman and Barry Lewis premiered on public television station WNET on December 3 2007 The hosts profile Staten Island culture and history including major attractions such as the Staten Island Ferry Historic Richmondtown the Conference House Snug Harbor Cultural Center and its Chinese Scholars Garden and many more sites 91 The Fox and WB sitcom Grounded for Life 2001 2005 was centered around a family of Irish heritage living on Staten Island 92 The FX comedy horror series What We Do in the Shadows 2019 is centered around a group of vampires who live on Staten Island 93 The fact that they live on Staten Island and not more centrally in New York City is a common joke within the series and their attempts to take over the entire borough have resulted in control of only five houses according to the group All four cast members of truTV hidden camera reality TV show Impractical Jokers 2011 hail from Staten Island Joe Gatto James Murr Murray Brian Q Quinn and Sal Vulcano are four friends who originally met while attending Monsignor Farrell High School where they formed the improv comedy troupe The Tenderloins Impractical Jokers features many references to Staten Island and filming often takes place in the borough Theater Edit The St George Theatre serves as a cultural arts center hosting educational programs architectural tours television and film shoots concerts comedy Broadway touring companies and small and large children s shows Artists who have performed there include The B 52 s Jonas Brothers Tony Bennett and Don McLean In 2012 the NBC musical drama Smash filmed several scenes there 94 The Ritz Theater in Port Richmond a movie theater and vaudeville venue now a home improvement showroom once hosted the biggest names in Rock and Roll and show business The theater was built by Isle Theatrical and opened in 1924 95 From 1970 to 1972 the theater had an arrangement with a Manhattan club that enabled them to bring top names many of whom are now in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame to the location 96 97 The Stadium Theatre was a 1 037 seat movie theater in Tottenville from 1927 to 1957 In January 1969 it re opened as the New Stadium Theatre and was a rock music venue but by the 1970s it had become the site of a roller rink 98 The Lane Theater in New Dorp opened on February 10 1938 and was operated by Charles Lewis and Elias Moses 95 99 The theater s interior has been landmarked since November 1988 Starting in 1998 several concerts were hosted 100 and the theater briefly hosted The EleMent nightclub in 2001 After renovations were completed in summer 2009 Uncle Vinnie s Comedy Club opened there operating until 2011 101 In 2012 the building became the home of the Crossroads Church 102 Sports EditSee also Sports in New York City The Richmond County Bank Ballpark Baseball Edit The Staten Island Yankees played in the New York Penn League from 1999 to 2020 the team was a Class A Minor League affiliate of the New York Yankees before being eliminated during the restructuring of Minor League Baseball The Yankees have stated they hope to assist in creating a new team for Staten Island in the independent Atlantic League 103 The New York Metropolitans of the American Association played baseball on Staten Island from April 1886 through 1887 Erastus Wiman the developer of St George brought the team to Staten Island at a stadium called the St George Grounds near the site of the present day Staten Island Yankees Richmond County Bank Ballpark and the Staten Island Ferry terminal Staten Island s Mid Island Little League won the 1964 Little League World Series in Williamsport Pennsylvania Three Mid Island Little League teams and six overall from Staten Island have reached the tournament since it started in 1947 104 Staten Island Little League was the island s first Little League Its founding fathers Buddy Cusack Jiggs Seaman John Marino Joe Darcy Sr Joe Babe Darcy Jr Ed Elliott and Jim Darcy built Hy Turkin Field and additional fields in Dongan Hills and have been inducted as a group into the Staten Island Sports Hall of Fame 105 Basketball Edit In 2015 the New York Post listed Staten Island s all time basketball team as Warren Fenley Kyle McAlarney Bill Murtha Kevin O Connor Kenny Page 106 As of 2014 McAlarney was Staten Island s all time high school boys scoring leader with 2 566 points 107 Bowling Edit Staten Island has been home to a number of national champions and world class bowlers including Mark Roth Johnny Petraglia Mary Ontek 108 Ben McNevich Dom LaBargo and Joseph Berardi 109 110 Roth Petraglia and Berardi are in the Professional Bowlers Association PBA Hall of Fame 111 Boxing Edit The Daily News Golden Gloves Tournament started in 1927 It is believed that Eppie Alonzo who lived and trained at the Mount Loretto Home for Boys is the first Staten Islander to win a Daily News Golden Gloves championship Alonzo won his division in 1949 and again in 1950 Other Staten Islanders who have won a Daily News Golden Gloves championship include Gabe Perillo Jr 1974 Kevin Rooney 1975 Al Tobe 1975 Johnny Verderosa 1975 1976 Gary Stark Jr 2000 2001 2002 Amanda Walsh 2008 Nafisa Umarova 2012 Chad Trabuscio 2012 Anthony Caramanno 2008 2010 2012 112 College athletics Edit The Wagner College Seahawks participate in NCAA Division I athletics and are a member of the Northeast Conference NEC National Basketball Association NBA coach P J Carlesimo coached the men s basketball team from 1976 to 1982 Terrance Bailey led NCAA Division I basketball in scoring as a junior in 1985 86 Rich Kotite a former NFL player and coach played tight end on Wagner s football team in the 1960s The College of Staten Island Dolphins participate in NCAA Division II athletics The College of Staten Island Baseball Complex was the home of the Staten Island Yankees until 2001 Cricket Edit The Staten Island Cricket Club founded in 1872 is the oldest continuously operating cricket club in the United States 113 Football Edit Staten Island had a National Football League NFL team the Stapletons also known as the Stapes The team was based in Stapleton at Thompson Stadium located on the current site of Berta A Dreyfus Intermediate School 49 and the Stapleton Houses They played in the league from 1929 to 1932 defeating the New York Giants twice and the Chicago Cardinals once During the 1932 NFL season the Stapletons last in the NFL played the eventual season champion Chicago Bears to a scoreless tie Football Hall of Famer Ken Strong played for the Stapletons The following NFL players were born on Staten Island Joe Andruzzi 1998 2006 Frank Ferrara 2001 2003 James Jenkins 1991 2000 David Richards 1988 1996 Joseph Ryan 1960 Lewis Sanders 2000 2007 Mike Siani 1972 1980 Frank Umont 1944 1948 114 115 NFL coaches Kevin Coyle and Lou Anarumo were also born on Staten Island The New York Predators of the semi pro Regional American Football League have called Staten Island home since their inception in 1998 Owned by Bill Simo they play most home games at St Peter s H S 116 Golf Edit A 1905 golf match with Isaac Mackie right at Fox Hills Golf Club Staten Island NY Staten Island has four golf courses La Tourette Silver Lake and South Shore are public while Richmond County Country Club is the only private country club in New York City The New York City Amateur 117 is conducted annually at La Tourette Golf Course by the Staten Island Golf Association 118 By some estimates Staten Island has been the site of nearly a dozen golf courses Harbour Hills Golf Links near Brighton Lafayette and Prospect Avenue in New Brighton opened in 1878 and is said to have conducted the island s first golf tournaments In 1898 the club opened a new clubhouse opposite the Brighton Heights Inn along Castleton Avenue 119 In 1904 the Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac reported that the club had 250 members and had been officially incorporated in 1896 120 Today most of the property is known as Goodhue Park and Allison Pond Park Clovena Club was in the vicinity of Clove Road and Victory Boulevard in 1897 121 Staten Island Cricket and Base Ball Club had a course in Livingston and was a Charter member of the Metropolitan Golf Association Besides the baseball name it is also seen in journals at the time as Staten Island Country Club and Staten Island Cricket Club As with other clubs making the transition from cricket to golf the organization completed planning for what would become the Fox Hills Golf Course by identifying the 110 acre 45 ha site and hiring an architect but abandoned golf in 1899 Fox Hills Golf Course was one of the island s first true 18 hole courses It opened in 1900 with over 200 members and had nearly 275 members by 1904 Fox Hills was semi private and attracted players from around the New York metropolitan area to its location in Clifton off Vanderbilt Avenue and Targee Street where its clubhouse was one of the largest in the country Prolific golf architect Tom Bendelow was selected to develop the course s original layout 122 Fox Hills s head professional Scotsman Isaac Mackie worked with Walter Travis in 1906 to revamp the golf course and in 1928 Donald Ross made additional changes Mackie played in at least 12 U S Opens from 1901 to 1921 and won the Eastern PGA Championship in 1908 at Fox Hills From 1899 through 1926 the Staten Island Amateur was played annually at either Fox Hills or Richmond County Country Club Like many private golf courses of that era the Great Depression as well as the growing number of public courses contributed to the end of the club and Fox Hills closed in 1935 123 124 125 126 Tysen Manor Golf Course which was located on 100 acre 40 ha site between Hylan Boulevard Mill Road New Dorp Lane and Tysens Lane was in existence from 1928 until 1936 The course was operated by Henry H Nutt Tavern on the Green a restaurant that closed in 1976 was originally the golf course s clubhouse near the location of the current post office on Hylan Boulevard 127 Mayflower Country Club s golf course designed by Devereux Emmet with Alfred H Tull 128 129 was built on a 147 acre 59 ha tract in Huguenot in 1928 130 131 The club had designs for sporting facilities that included an indoor swimming pool and tennis courts but member funding dried up once the stock market crashed in 1929 Regardless Frank B Sterner amp Co built the country club s clubhouse for 200 000 in 1930 and the first annual club championship was conducted in September 1931 New York City took over the site in 1966 and opened South Shore Golf Course in 1967 132 Willowbrook State School Golf Course was a 9 hole layout on Forest Hill Road that opened in May 1945 and closed in the 1960s The Metropolitan section of the Professional Golfers Association of America PGA funded construction of the golf course at Halloran General Hospital in support of the U S Army and the war effort Robert Trent Jones Sr designed a layout that consisted of all par 3s on 23 acres 9 3 ha Jones modeled the holes on what he thought were the great par 3s of the world and the unique course opened with complimentary reviews 133 134 Bill Britton a tournament winner on the PGA Tour and Jim Albus a multiple winner on the PGA Tour Champions learned the game on Staten Island Both won the prestigious Metropolitan Open Albus was the head professional at La Tourette and a winner of the Senior Players Championship Carolyn Cudone raised on Staten Island won a record five straight U S Senior Women s Amateur championships between 1968 and 1972 the most wins in a row by an individual in any United States Golf Association USGA championship Frank Esposito who learned the game on Staten Island won the 2014 PGA Tour Champions National Qualifying Tournament 135 136 Sean Kelly a regular golfer at Silver Lake Golf Course took medalist honors at both the First and Second Stage of the 2018 Web com Tour Qualifying Tournament 137 Frank Hannigan was the USGA Executive Director and a TV golf analyst for ABC He wrote for the Staten Island Advance as a golf columnist and was influential in bringing the US Open to Shinnecock Hills and Bethpage State Park and promoted the creation of the New York City Amateur 138 Staten Island native Joe Moresco was President of the Metropolitan section of the PGA in 1969 and 1970 was the Section s Professional of the Year in 1971 and is a member of the PGA Metropolitan Section Hall of Fame along with Jim Albus 139 Ice hockey Edit The following National Hockey League NHL players were born on Staten Island Nick Fotiu Kevin Labanc Zach Aston Reese Joe Gambardella 140 Motor sports Edit From 1953 until 1972 stock car races were held weekly from May until October at a 1 5th mile asphalt racetrack on Staten Island The local dairy owned by the Weissglass family financed promoter Gabe Rispoli with 700 so he could make improvements to an existing sporting facility that became known as Weissglass Stadium 141 142 There was a controversial plan by the International Speedway Corporation ISC to build an 82 000 seat race track 143 on the island that would host National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing NASCAR races by 2010 The ISC abandoned the plan in 2006 citing financial concerns and sold the 676 acre 274 ha parcel in 2013 144 Olympians Edit The following Islanders have qualified to participate in the Olympic Games 145 John Henry Lake 1900 Cycling Bronze medal winner Abel Kiviat 1912 Athletics 1500 Meters Silver medal winner World record holder Frankie Genaro 1920 Boxing Flyweight Gold medal winner Carl Borack 1972 Fencing Men s team foil Marilyn King 1972 Athletics Pentathlon 1976 Athletics Pentathlon 1980 Athletics Pentathlon Bill Jankunis 1976 Athletics High Jump Ray Rudolph 1980 Handball Dominick Minicucci 1988 Gymnastics 1992 Gymnastics Robert Pipkins 1992 Luge 1994 Luge Silvia Fontana 2002 Figure skating 2006 Figure skating Marcus Browne 2012 Boxing Light Heavyweight Gary di Silvestri 2014 Cross Country Skiing 15 kilometre classical Robby Andrews 2016 Athletics 1500 Meters Elmer Ripley a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame and Staten Island native coached the Olympic basketball teams for Israel 1956 and Canada 1960 146 Running Edit The New York City Marathon is a foot race run over a 42 2 km 26 2 mi course through the five boroughs of New York City The marathon starts each year on Staten Island The Ocean Breeze Track and Field Athletic Complex is a state of the art indoor track and field facility in Ocean Breeze Park that is part of the South Beach section of Staten Island On November 19 2015 the complex became the first facility in the United States to be recognized as a certified International Amateur Athletic Federation IAAF facility 147 A project under Mayor Bloomberg s Design Excellence initiative the athletic complex was designed as part of the PlaNYC 110 acre Ocean Breeze regional park 148 The project launched in 2007 encountered several delays including a four month setback due to Hurricane Sandy that exposed the vulnerability of generators transformers and electronic control rooms all of which had to be raised to avoid storm surge flooding 149 Tennis Edit Tennis is said to have made its United States debut on Staten Island The first American National championship was played at the Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club now known as the Staten Island Cricket Club in September 1880 150 Tennis was introduced in Staten Island by Mary Ewing Outerbridge 151 Robert Bob Duffield Wrenn four time U S singles championship winner and one of the first inductees in the International Tennis Hall of Fame was a tennis member at Richmond County Country Club His brother George Wrenn and friend Arthur E Foote were also members 152 Education EditSee also Education in New York City and List of high schools in New York City Public schools Edit Public schools in the borough are managed by the New York City Department of Education the largest public school system in the United States Public middle schools include Intermediate Schools 2 7 24 27 34 49 51 61 72 and 75 and 861 a K to 8 school as well as part of the Petrides School which runs from kindergarten through high school Public high schools include College of Staten Island High School for International Studies Curtis High School Gaynor McCown Expeditionary Learning School New Dorp High School Petrides High School Port Richmond High School Ralph R McKee CTE High School Staten Island Technical High School Susan E Wagner High School Tottenville High SchoolPrivate schools Edit Staten Island Academy is the only independent private non public non religious grade school on the island and is one of the oldest in the country Nondenominational Christian Gateway Academy co educational Catholic Monsignor Farrell High School all boys Moore Catholic High School co educational Notre Dame Academy New York all girls St Joseph by the Sea High School co educational St Joseph Hill Academy all girls St Peter s Boys High School all boys Islamic Miraj Islamic School co educational Jewish Jewish Foundation School co educational Mesivtha Tifereth Jerusalem Staten Island campus all boys Yeshiva Merkaz HaTorah separate boys and girls Colleges and universities Edit The College of Staten Island is one of the eleven senior colleges of the City University of New York CUNY The college offers associate s and bachelor s degrees and also offers master s and doctoral level study Wagner College is a co educational private liberal arts college with an enrollment of 2 000 undergraduates and 500 graduate students St John s University has a campus on Staten Island It is a private co educational Roman Catholic university Transportation Edit The Staten Island Ferry provides travel between lower Manhattan and the St George Terminal Bridges Edit Staten Island is connected to New Jersey via three vehicular bridges and one railroad bridge The Outerbridge Crossing to Perth Amboy New Jersey is at the southern end of New York State Route 440 and the Bayonne Bridge to Bayonne New Jersey is at the northern end of NY 440 both ends of NY 440 continue into New Jersey as Route 440 The Goethals Bridge carrying Interstate 278 connects Elizabeth New Jersey onto the Staten Island Expressway Just north of the Goethals the Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge carries freight between the northwest part of the island and Elizabeth New Jersey The Staten Island Expressway is connected to Brooklyn via the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge which carries I 278 Pedestrian links to Staten Island are available via a footpath on the Bayonne and Goethals Bridges From 1964 to 1977 Staten Island contained the longest vertical lift steel arch and suspension bridges in the world the Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge Bayonne Bridge and Verrazzano Narrows Bridge respectively The Arthur Kill Bridge still holds the title for longest vertical lift bridge while the Bayonne and Verrazzano bridges are now the 5th and 14th longest in their respective categories Roads Edit As of 2015 82 of Staten Island households owned a car the highest rate of any borough Citywide the rate was 45 153 Unlike the other four boroughs Staten Island has no large numbered grid system for its roads New Dorp s grid has a few numbered streets but they do not intersect with any numbered avenues Some neighborhoods organize their street names alphabetically In addition to the island s highways I 278 NY 440 Korean War Veterans Parkway the borough s neighborhoods are connected by a number of heavily trafficked roads including Hylan Boulevard the longest street in New York City 154 Public transit Edit As of 2021 public transportation on the island is limited to New York City Department of Transportation Staten Island Ferry MTA Regional Bus Operations local service on Staten Island including some service to Brooklyn and express service to Manhattan Staten Island Railway service from St George to TottenvilleFerry Edit The Staten Island Ferry is the only transportation directly from Staten Island to Manhattan roughly a 25 minute trip 155 The St George Terminal first opened in 1886 156 was rebuilt in 1951 157 and again in the 2000s 158 The ferry has been fare free since 1997 The Staten Island Ferry transports over 60 000 passengers per day It runs 24 7 every 15 to 20 minutes during weekday rush hours and every 30 minutes at other times 159 The ferries and both of its terminals are patrolled by a combination of the New York City Department of Transportation New York City Police Department United States Coast Guard and private security contractors 160 An NYC Ferry route is planned to start operating in 2021 between St George Terminal and Manhattan s West Side This route will be operated separately from the Staten Island Ferry and will charge a fare 161 162 Trains Edit The Staten Island Railway operates along the Richmond Amboy Roads corridor The Staten Island Railway currently the borough s only passenger railroad traverses the island 24 7 from its northeastern tip to its southwestern tip The Staten Island Railway opened in 1860 163 164 165 and was owned and operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad B amp O until July 1 1971 when the line was bought by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority 166 The Staten Island Railway continued to have its own railway police the Staten Island Rapid Transit Police until 2005 when the 25 officer police force was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department 167 168 Staten Island is the only borough not served by the New York City Subway A subway tunnel called the Staten Island Tunnel started construction in 1923 but was abandoned two years later the completed portion lies dormant beneath Owl s Head Park in Brooklyn 169 170 171 Today express bus service is provided by NYC Transit throughout Staten Island to Lower Manhattan Union Square and Midtown Manhattan A 5 mile 8 km right of way exists along the north shore of Staten Island This North Shore Branch of the Staten Island Railway was built owned and operated by the B amp O which used it for passenger service until 1953 It then became a B amp O freight line until the 1980s when service was stopped There have been proposals to revive the abandoned right of way for passenger service as a rail line or for use as bus rapid transit 172 There is also a proposal to build a West Shore Light Rail along New York State Route 440 running from the Staten Island Railway main line on the South Shore to the Hudson Bergen Light Rail in Bayonne New Jersey 173 The South Beach Branch of the Staten Island Railway which transported summer vacationers to South Beach Staten Island also ceased service in 1953 174 Buses Edit Further information List of bus routes in Staten Island and List of express bus routes in New York City Manhattan to Staten Island MTA Regional Bus Operations provides local and limited bus service with over 30 lines throughout Staten Island Most lines feed into the St George Terminal in the northeastern corner of the borough Three lines the S53 S93 and S79 SBS provide service over the Verrazzano Bridge to Bay Ridge Brooklyn The S79 SBS is the only Select Bus Service route in the borough Beginning September 4 2007 the MTA began offering bus service from Staten Island to Bayonne New Jersey over the Bayonne Bridge via the S89 limited stop bus allowing passengers to connect to the Hudson Bergen Light Rail s 34th Street station giving Staten Island residents a new route into Manhattan Despite Staten Island s proximity to New Jersey the S89 is the only route directly into New Jersey from Staten Island via public transportation 175 Express bus service to Manhattan via the Verrazzano Bridge or Goethals Bridge is also available for a 6 75 fare each way The SIM1C SIM3C SIM4C and SIM33C are the only express routes to run outside of weekday commuter hours 176 Freight rail Edit Conrail Shared Assets Operations operates freight rail service for customers of CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway via the Travis Branch with a 38 acre 15 ha intermodal on dock rail facility on the West Shore of Staten Island which connects to the National Rail System via the Arthur Kill Rail Bridge to New Jersey In addition to the intermodal on dock rail yard the Conrail Staten Island Rail line also connects to the Sanitation Department s waste transfer station Conrail railroad police officers patrol and respond to emergencies along the freight line Infrastructure EditHospitals Edit Staten Island is the only borough without a hospital operated by New York City The Richmond University Medical Center and the Staten Island University Hospital are privately operated Jails Edit Staten Island is the only borough without a New York City Department of Correction major detention center The Department of Corrections only maintains court holding jails at the three court buildings on Staten Island for inmates attending court The various police agencies on Staten Island maintain in house holding jails for post arrest detention prior to transfer to a corrections jail in another borough The Staten Island county sheriff operated a jail system on Staten Island until 1942 when the Staten Island jail system was transferred from the county sheriff s department to the New York City Department of Corrections and eventually closed In 1976 the New York State Department of Correctional Services opened the Arthur Kill Correctional Facility of Staten Island but the facility was closed in 2011 Nicknames EditStaten Island has acquired a number of nicknames over the decades some connected to the notion that it is considered an afterthought by other New York City residents The Forgotten Borough was first used nearly 100 years ago in a New York Times article that quoted a real estate executive The phrase was more used during the secession movement of the 1990s and came into greater use in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy 177 Most recently people have been using The Rock more commonly associated with Alcatraz as a nickname that first appeared in a New York Times article in 2007 178 The hip hop group Wu Tang Clan which originates from Staten Island coined the nickname Shaolin Land later simply Shaolin for Staten Island as part of their slang 179 See also Edit New York City portal Islands portal List of people from Staten Island List of counties in New York List of Staten Island neighborhoods National Register of Historic Places listings in Staten Island Staten Island Legal Services Staten Island Economic Development CorporationNotes Edit Moynihan Colin F Y I The New York Times September 19 1999 Retrieved December 17 2019 There are well known names for inhabitants of four boroughs Manhattanites Brooklynites Bronxites and Staten Islanders But what are residents of Queens called a b 2020 Census Demographic Data Map Viewer US Census Bureau Retrieved August 12 2021 Local Area Gross Domestic Product 2018 Bureau of Economic Analysis released December 12 2019 Retrieved December 17 2019 State and County QuickFacts Richmond County Staten Island Borough New York United States Census Bureau Retrieved March 31 2018 Timeline of Staten Island 1900s Present New York Public Library Archived from the original on January 13 2006 Retrieved January 16 2006 Brown Chip January 30 1994 Escape From New York The New York Times Retrieved January 14 2008 Given their status as residents of the forgotten borough the sorry Cinderella sister in New York s dysfunctional family maybe the giddiest aspect of all was the attention a b Buckley Cara October 7 2007 Bohemia by the Bay The New York Times Retrieved January 14 2008 Even as New York s hip young things invade and colonize neighborhoods near far and out of state Staten Island has stayed stubbornly uncool It remains the forgotten borough South Beach amp FDR Boardwalk of Staten Island NYC Si web com Archived from the original on September 4 2011 Retrieved January 11 2012 a b Jackson 1995 Ritchie 1963 Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History Volumes 3 4 By American Museum of Natural History Bayles Richard Mather 1887 History of Richmond County Staten Island New York Russell Shorto The Island at the Center of the World The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony that Shaped America First Edition New York City Vintage Books a Division of Random House 2004 ISBN 1 4000 7867 9 Ellis Edward Robb 1966 The Epic of New York City Old Town Books p 55 Memories Staten Island might well have been called Huguenot Island Retrieved February 11 2018 Scheltema Gajus and Westerhuijs Heleen eds Exploring Historic Dutch New York Museum of the City of New York Dover Publications New York 2011 ISBN 978 0 486 48637 6 Morris pgs 188 189 a b Chan Sewell February 21 2007 That Old Tale About S I Hold On Now The New York Times Chan Sewell February 21 2007 That Old Tale About S I Hold On Now The New York Times Retrieved September 12 2019 CGP Grey September 12 2019 The Race to Win Staten Island YouTube Stein Mark September 13 2019 A boat race determined Staten Island s fate legend says But is it true CGP Grey seeks answers silive com Staten Island Advance Retrieved September 14 2019 a b Greene and Harrington 1932 American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790 New York as cited in Rosenwaike Ira 1972 Population History of New York City Syracuse N Y Syracuse University Press p 12 ISBN 0 8156 2155 8 Morris Ira Morris s Memorial History of Staten Island New York Volume 1 1898 page 40 Lundigran Margaret Staten Island Isle of the Bay 2004 page 136 Papas pgs 28 30 Fleming Thomas 1973 The Forgotten Victory The Battle for New Jersey 1780 New York Reader s Digest Press ISBN 0 88349 003 X Staten Island a Loyalist stronghold during Revolutionary War Retrieved December 1 2018 Stephenson Kathryn January 1 2004 The Quarantine War the Burning of the New York Marine Hospital in 1858 Public Health Reports 119 1 79 92 doi 10 1177 003335490411900114 PMC 1502261 PMID 15147652 STATEN ISLAND TO BE A CITY The New York Times February 3 1887 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved September 28 2021 New York City Population by Borough 1950 2040 NYC Open Data February 7 2020 Retrieved November 27 2020 Staten Island The City s Offshore Bucolic Niche The New York Times July 18 1972 Retrieved September 21 2019 McFadden Robert D March 5 1994 Home Rule Factor May Block S I Secession The New York Times Retrieved October 20 2009 Kashiwagi Sydney November 8 2019 Forgotten borough no more Borelli moves forward with plan to revive Island secession from New York City silive Retrieved November 11 2019 John Lloyd Mitchinson John October 5 2006 QI The Book of General Ignorance Faber and Faber pp 114 115 ISBN 0 571 23368 6 Fresh Kills Landfill to Landscape Archived from the original on June 3 2007 via archive org Fresh Kills New York City Department of City Planning 2009 Archived from the original on November 24 2009 Retrieved October 20 2009 Isachsen Yngvar W Continental Collisions and Ancient Volcanoes The Geology of Southeastern New York Educational Leaflet No 24 The New York State Educational Department 2010 Census Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau August 22 2012 Archived from the original on May 19 2014 Retrieved January 7 2015 Snyder John P June 1968 The Story of New Jersey s Civil Boundaries 1606 1968 PDF 1st ed Trenton New Jersey New Jersey Bureau of Geology and Topography p 14 Retrieved April 11 2016 U S Geological Survey Studies in the New York Bight Woods Hole Science Center U S Geological Survey Retrieved November 8 2012 Why Hurricane Sandy Hit Staten Island So Hard AccuWeather Inc Retrieved November 8 2012 Paulsen Ken Staten Island Hurricane Sandy overview Thursday evening Staten Island Advance Retrieved November 8 2012 Wolfe Jonathan September 22 2017 Solving Staten Island s Deer Problem With a Snip and a Stitch The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved September 23 2017 Fresh Kills Landfill Freshkills Park Blog Retrieved January 11 2012 History Staten Island US Army Corps of Engineers Archived September 14 2011 at the Wayback Machine Fresh Kills Park Retrieved November 4 2011 U S Decennial Census United States Census Bureau Retrieved January 7 2015 Historical Census Browser University of Virginia Library Retrieved January 7 2015 Population of Counties by Decennial Census 1900 to 1990 United States Census Bureau Retrieved January 7 2015 Census 2000 PHC T 4 Ranking Tables for Counties 1990 and 2000 PDF United States Census Bureau Archived from the original PDF on March 27 2010 Retrieved September 24 2021 State and County QuickFacts Richmond County Staten Island Borough New York United States Census Bureau Retrieved March 31 2018 A Story Map 2020 Census Demographic Data Map Viewer U S Census Bureau Retrieved August 12 2021 QuickFacts New York city New York Bronx County Bronx Borough New York Kings County Brooklyn Borough New York New York County Manhattan Borough New York Queens County Queens Borough New York Richmond County Staten Island Borough New York United States Census Bureau Accessed June 11 2018 NYC Population Current and Projected Populations NYC gov Retrieved June 10 2017 GDP by County Metro and Other Areas www bea gov Bureau of Economic Analysis Retrieved November 2 2021 U S Census Bureau QuickFacts Richmond County Staten Island Borough New York Bronx County Bronx Borough New York New York County Manhattan Borough New York Queens County Queens Borough New York Kings County Brooklyn Borough New York www census gov Retrieved October 16 2019 a b c Population Division Working Paper Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race 1790 to 1990 and By Hispanic Origin 1970 to 1990 U S Census Bureau www census gov Retrieved October 16 2019 New York Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places Earliest Census to 1990 U S Census Bureau Archived from the original on August 12 2012 Retrieved May 6 2012 Bureau U S Census American FactFinder Search factfinder census gov Archived from the original on February 10 2020 Retrieved October 18 2010 Bureau U S Census American FactFinder Results factfinder census gov Archived from the original on February 10 2020 Retrieved October 18 2010 Peck Harrison NYC The Official Guide Must See Little Sri Lanka 7 Great Things to See and Do NYC amp Company Retrieved November 27 2011 Zavatto Amy August 5 2010 Frommer s New York City Exploring Staten Island s Little Sri Lanka John Wiley amp Sons Archived from the original on January 11 2012 Retrieved November 27 2011 Berger Joseph Urbina Ian September 25 2003 Along With Population and Diversity Stress Rises on Staten I The New York Times Retrieved November 14 2019 Torrens Claudio May 28 2011 Some NY immigrants cite lack of Spanish as barrier UTSanDiego com Associated Press Retrieved February 10 2013 Lore Diane C September 22 2015 With Pope Francis visiting 9 things to know about Staten Island Catholics Staten Island Advance Retrieved February 7 2019 For Island Coptics a momentous occasion Free Copts October 20 2009 Retrieved October 20 2009 Richmond County New York Modern Language Association Archived from the original on June 19 2006 Retrieved August 10 2013 Leip David Dave Leip s Atlas of U S Presidential Elections uselectionatlas org a b BOARD OF ELECTIONS IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 2020 ELECTION NIGHT RESULTS President Vice President Borough of Richmond Retrieved November 6 2020 a b c New York State Board of Elections 2020 General Election Night Results Retrieved November 6 2020 Wrobleski Tom May 16 2019 November 5 2016 Not always red Staten Island s presidential votes 1856 to 2012 Staten Island Advance Retrieved November 7 2020 via silive wbr com Board of Estimate of City of New York v Morris 489 U S 688 87 1022 Supreme Court of the United States March 22 1989 Durkin Erin October 25 2018 It s not like the rest of the city can a Democrat flip Trump voting Staten Island via www theguardian com Statement and Return Report PDF NYC Board of Elections December 27 2012 Retrieved December 30 2012 Jorgensen Jillian November 3 2015 Democrat Michael McMahon Wins Staten Island District Attorney Race The New York Observer Retrieved December 14 2015 New York Senators Representatives and Congressional District Maps GovTrack us May 21 2018 Retrieved December 29 2018 BOARD OF ELECTIONS IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 2020 ELECTION NIGHT RESULTS Representative in Congress 11th Congressional District Retrieved November 6 2020 Michael Tannousis Assembly District 64 Assembly Member Directory New York State Assembly state ny us New York State Assembly Joseph Borelli state ny us New York State Assembly Matthew Titone state ny us New York State Assembly Michael Cusick state ny us Realtors in New York City nyssenate24 com Welcome nyssenate23 com Hostmonster com nyssenate23 com Archived from the original on July 2 2014 Hipsters on Staten Island Video The New York Times Artists Hope To Revitalize St George Stapleton Areas April 28 2007 Archived from the original on January 30 2013 Retrieved October 20 2009 Council on the Arts and Humanities for Staten Island COAHSI August 19 2011 Retrieved August 19 2011 Lee Donna November 7 2008 Sandy Ground For Descendants of Black Settlers on Staten Island a Dream Realized The New York Times Retrieved October 20 2009 The Seguine Mansion Retrieved April 4 2018 Dickon Chris 2019 A Rendezvous with Death Alan Seeger in Poetry at War KDP p 305 ISBN 9781689382588 Ch 1 Interview of George RR Martin on the April 18 2014 episode of ABC World News Tonight ABC News Archived from the original on April 27 2014 Hartman David Lewis Barry 2007 A Walk Around Staten Island Public Broadcasting Service station WNET Retrieved October 20 2009 Grounded for Life IMDB Retrieved April 18 2018 What We Do in the Shadows IMDB Retrieved August 1 2019 Officials at Staten Island s St George Theatre applaud exposure as NBC s Smash films SILive com January 17 2012 a b Lundrigan Margaret 2004 Staten Island Isle of the Bay Arcadia Publishing p 118 ISBN 0 7385 2443 3 Retrieved January 27 2019 Ritz Theater in Staten Island Cinema Treasures Cinema Treasures LLC Retrieved January 26 2019 RITZ THEATER Port Richmond Forgotten New York Forgotten New York March 24 2014 Retrieved January 26 2019 Stadium Theatre in Staten Island Cinema Treasures Retrieved January 26 2019 Gray Christopher September 25 1988 STREETSCAPES The Lane Theater In a 1930 s Movie Palace the Stars Still Come Out New York Times Retrieved January 27 2019 Walsh Kevin May 31 2010 GRANT CITY NEW DORP Staten Island Forgotten New York Retrieved January 27 2019 Reifer Jodi Lee November 12 2009 Uncle Vinnie s Comedy Club set to open its doors Staten Island Advance SILive com Retrieved January 27 2019 Want a piece of the old Lane Theater It s yours for 995 SILive com Staten Island Advance October 14 2014 Retrieved January 27 2019 New York Yankees announce new Minor League affiliation structure MLB com Major League Baseball November 30 2018 Retrieved January 19 2019 Natale Christopher August 14 2018 Little League World Series This Staten Island team plays big Elite Sports NY Robby Sabo Retrieved January 19 2019 De Biase Charlie November 30 2018 Staten Island Sports Hall of Fame announces 8 new inductees SILive com Staten Island Advance Retrieved January 19 2019 Botemps Tim February 11 2015 Kareem Cousy and the all time NYC basketball team New York Post Retrieved January 18 2019 HS boys basketball Staten Island Career Schoring Leaders SILive com Staten Island Advance January 30 2014 Retrieved January 21 2019 Staten Island s famous daughters Staten Island Advance November 7 2010 Retrieved January 21 2019 Joe Berardi PBA Hall of Fame Professional Bowlers Association Retrieved January 21 2019 Staten Island has illustrious bowling history SILive com Staten Island Advance October 2014 Hall of Fame Bowlers Professional Bowlers Association Retrieved January 21 2019 Matteo Thomas April 22 2012 Staten Island has a long proud history of boxing champions in the Golden Gloves Staten Island Advance Retrieved November 28 2020 Staten Island Cricket Club Retrieved April 4 2019 NY Born NFLers Section 4 Football Section 4 Football Retrieved January 19 2019 Players Born in New York USA Pro Football Reference Sports Reference Pred History New York Predators Retrieved September 20 2013 New York City Amateur Championship AmateurGolf com Retrieved January 20 2019 Tournament Information Staten Island Golf Association Retrieved January 20 2019 Harbour Hill Golf Club Special Notice Historic Richmondtown Retrieved March 19 2019 Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac Brooklyn Daily Eagle January 1904 p 123 Retrieved March 12 2019 Flannagan Tom Fox Hills course left a mark long ago Staten Island Advance Retrieved March 19 2019 Sabino John 2017 Golf s Iron Horse The Astonishing Record Breaking Life of Ralph Kennedy New York NY Skyhorse Publishing ISBN 978 1 5701 1347 5 Retrieved March 12 2019 Talking old Staten Island golf is always a pleasure Staten Island Advance June 7 2015 Retrieved March 11 2019 Missing links A short history of Island golf SILive com June 27 2010 Retrieved March 11 2019 1900 The Goats That Goaded the Fox Hill Golfers on Staten Island The Hatching Cat April 8 2015 Retrieved March 4 2019 Fox Hills boasts world s largest Army hospital SILive com March 27 2011 Retrieved March 11 2019 Tysen Manor Golf Course record lowered to 69 SILive com September 4 1928 Retrieved March 11 2019 Oak Hills Park Course Architect Oak Hills Golf Course Retrieved March 12 2019 Devereux Emmet Society Golf Club Atlas Retrieved March 12 2019 Dickenson Richard 2003 VIII The Cosmopolitan Period Since 1898 Holden s Staten Island The History of Richmond County Revised Resource Manual Wiley Online Library Center for Migration Studies pp 178 179 doi 10 1111 j 2050 411X 2003 tb00307 x ISBN 1 57703 028 1 Flannagan Tom February 17 2011 South Shore golf course has intriguing history SILive com Retrieved March 11 2019 Licciardello Anthony February 20 2012 Golf on Staten Island South Shore Country Club and Golf Course Real Estate in New York Retrieved March 13 2019 Hansen James May 12 2015 A difficult par Robert Trent Jones Sr and the making of modern golf Avery p 131 ISBN 978 1592409396 Retrieved March 11 2019 Halloran Course is Exhibit of Famous Short Holes PDF MSU edu Golfdom 1945 Retrieved March 12 2019 Esposito is medalist at National Qualifying PGA of America November 21 2014 Retrieved March 13 2019 Flannagan Tom May 24 2014 Frank Esposito gives us someone to root for on tour Staten Island Advance Retrieved March 13 2019 Decker Brian November 22 2017 Q amp A Sean Kelly PGA of America Retrieved January 25 2019 Frank Hannigan USGA executive dies at 82 SILive com Associated Press March 23 2014 Retrieved February 15 2019 Metropolitan Section PGA Hall of Fame Metropolitan Section PGA PGA of America Retrieved January 25 2019 Hockey players from Staten Island NY USA Elite Hockey Prospects EliteProspects com Retrieved January 21 2019 LeBlanc George Weissglass Speedway Weissglassspeedway com Retrieved January 23 2019 A Few Weissglass Memories 3widespicturevault com 3 Wides Picture Vault Retrieved January 23 2019 Caldwell Dave August 5 2018 Trump Still Owes NASCAR A Super Speedway Forbes Retrieved January 29 2019 ISC Sells Staten Island Property InternationalSpeedwayCorporation com International Speedway Corporation Retrieved January 18 2019 Lee Jerry August 8 2016 A look back at Staten Island s Magnificent 7 Olympians Staten Island Advance Retrieved January 21 2019 Elmer Ripley Retired Coach New York Times April 30 1982 Retrieved December 14 2019 About Ocean Breeze Ocrean Breeze Athletic Complex CBS Sports Digital Retrieved November 27 2020 Schaulsohn Camila Archtober s Building of the Day Ocean Breeze Track and Fieldhouse Archtober Retrieved November 27 2020 Rizzi Nicholas Take a Look Inside Staten Island s New 93M Indoor Track Center DNAinfo Archived from the original on November 18 2017 Retrieved November 27 2020 The Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club Victorian Footnotes Wordpress com May 24 2011 Retrieved January 19 2019 Lawn Tennis on Staten Island The New York Times September 4 1880 Retrieved May 2 2012 Richmond County New York Genealogy and History Sports News Genealogytrails com Genealogy Trails 2019 Retrieved January 23 2019 How Car Free Is NYC PDF Tri State Transportation Campaign April 2017 Retrieved January 29 2019 Blumenthal Ralph November 6 2009 In Five Boroughs Seeing Paris s Famed Avenue The New York Times Retrieved February 26 2019 Staten Island boasts the longest street in any borough Hylan Boulevard running some 14 miles Ferries amp Busses New York City Department of Transportation Retrieved July 14 2009 Rapid Transit on Staten Island PDF The New York Times January 17 1886 Retrieved July 24 2015 New Ferry Depot Will Open Today Mayor to Dedicate Terminal at Staten Island That Has Been Used in Part for Year PDF The New York Times June 8 1951 Retrieved September 6 2016 Dunlap David W April 7 2002 Launching a Flotilla of Ferry Terminals The New York Times Retrieved September 23 2017 Staten Island Ferry Schedule New York City Department of Transportation October 1 2015 Retrieved September 20 2017 Kashiwagi Sydney February 22 2019 Exclusive City to increase police revamp security at ferry following controversial video Staten Island Advance Retrieved February 26 2019 NYC Ferry is adding 2 new routes am New York January 10 2019 Retrieved January 11 2019 Plitt Amy January 10 2019 NYC Ferry will launch service to Staten Island Coney Island Curbed NY Retrieved January 11 2019 Roess Roger P Sansome Gene 2013 The Wheels That Drove New York A History of the New York City Transit System Springer pp 223 247 ISBN 978 3 642 30484 2 Leigh Irvin Matus Paul January 2002 Staten Island Rapid Transit The Essential History The Third Rail Online Archived from the original on May 30 2015 Retrieved June 27 2015 Staten Island Railroad Passenger Trains will commence running on this Road as far as Eltingville gretschviking net Staten Island Railroad April 23 1860 Retrieved December 24 2015 Bommer Edward The Baltimore amp Ohio Railroad in New Jersey Jersey Central Railroad Historical Society Retrieved December 17 2015 MTA Staten Island Railway 2006 Preliminary Budget July Financial Plan 2006 2009 PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority July 2006 Retrieved August 15 2017 About The MTA Police Metropolitan Transportation Authority Retrieved December 19 2018 Staten Island Tube Started by Hylan PDF The New York Times April 15 1923 Retrieved June 27 2015 Niebuhr Robert E November 27 1964 They Called The 1923 Narrows Tunnel Hope And A Hole In The Ground Home Reporter and Sunset News Retrieved June 27 2015 via Brooklyn Historic Railway Association Young James C May 10 1925 Staten Island Waits for Narrows Tunnel PDF The New York Times Retrieved June 27 2015 MTA Capital Program 2015 2019 PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority Retrieved December 16 2015 Rizzi Nicholas August 18 2014 Campaign to Bring Light Rail to Staten Island Restarts DNAinfo Archived from the original on August 26 2014 Retrieved March 4 2019 Staten Island Railway Forgotten NY com Staten Island Bus Map PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority January 2020 Retrieved December 1 2020 Staten Island Bus Service PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority January 2020 Retrieved December 1 2020 How Staten Island Became the Forgotten Borough Retrieved December 25 2017 A Day for Peace and Quiet on the Ferry Retrieved December 25 2017 From The Slums Of Shaolin A Wu Tang Film NPR org Retrieved November 18 2020 References EditKenneth T Jackson editor The Encyclopedia of New York City Yale University Press ISBN 0 300 05536 6 1995 John Waldman Heartbeats in the Muck ISBN 1 55821 720 7 The Lyons Press 2000 Famous Staten Islanders page at the New York Public Library site Staten Island gets its own Tourism Website History A timeline of Staten Island Staten Island Advance John H Betts The Minerals of New York City published in Rocks amp Minerals magazine Volume 84 No 3 pages 204 252 2009 Further reading EditPublished in the 19th century Darby William 1834 Richmond County A new gazetteer of the United States of America 2nd ed Hartford E Hopkins Charles H Sweetser 1868 Seaside Resorts Staten Island Book of Summer Resorts New York Evening Mail Office OCLC 6043819 John Jacob Clute 1877 Annals of Staten Island from its discovery to the present time New York C Vogt OL 24554570M John Disturnell ed 1877 Staten Island Summer Resorts and Watering Places within fifty miles of the city of New York New York J Wiley amp Sons Selden C Judson 1886 Illustrated Sketch Book of Staten island New York its industries and commerce New York S C Judson OL 24505964M Campbell Reau 1889 Rides and Rambles on Staten Island New York C G Crawford OL 23330352M Kobbe Gustav 1890 Staten Island a Guide New York G Kobbe OL 23340017M Daniel Van Pelt 1898 Leslie s History of the Greater New York 2 New York U S A Arkell Pub Co OCLC 1850560 chapter 20 Richmond or Staten Island Olden Times chapter 21 Richmond or Staten Island Present Century Trow s Business and Residential Directory of the Borough of Richmond City of New York NY Trow Directory Printing amp Bookbinding Co 1899 Published in the 20th century John Louis Sublett 2009 Richmond County Staten Island A Walk Down Memory Lane 1st ed NY CreateSpace ISBN 978 1440443503 Borough of Richmond Appleton s Dictionary of New York and Vicinity 27th ed Appleton 1905 Ingersoll Ernest 1906 Greater New York Staten Island Rand McNally amp Co s Handy Guide to New York City Brooklyn Staten Island and other districts included in the enlarged city 20th ed Chicago Rand McNally OCLC 29277709 Richmond Borough Association of Women Teachers 1909 Staten Island and Staten Islanders New York Grafton Press OL 7099909M Frank Bergen Kelley 1913 Borough of Richmond Historical Guide to the City of New York 2nd ed New York Frederick A Stokes Company City History Club of New York OCLC 4723529 Calvin D Van Name 1921 Staten Island a report by the President of the Borough of Richmond to the Mayor OL 7117824M Federal Writers Project 1939 Richmond New York City Guide American Guide Series NY Random House hdl 2027 mdp 39015008975883 Briffault Richard 1992 Voting Rights Home Rule and Metropolitan Governance The Secession of Staten Island as a Case Study in the Dilemmas of Local Self Determination Columbia Law Review 92 4 775 850 doi 10 2307 1122970 JSTOR 1122970 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Staten Island New York City Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Staten Island Staten Island Office of the Borough President VisitStatenIsland com Official Tourism Website of Staten Island Staten Island Economic Development Corp SIEDC Other websites New York Public Library Images related to Staten Island various dates Staten Island Film Festival Staten Island Attractions Video Online Collections Database Staten Island Historical Society StatenIsland com online magazine Old Staten Island a comprehensive website about Staten Island s past SILive com online version of the Staten Island Advance daily newspaper Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Staten Island amp oldid 1053304929, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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