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The states of the German Confederation were member states of the German Confederation lasted from 20 June 1815 until 24 August 1866.

Map of the German Confederation (in German)

On the whole, its territory nearly coincided with that remaining in the Holy Roman Empire at the outbreak of the French Revolution, with the notable exception of Belgium. Except for the two rival major powers, Austria and Prussia, and the western left bank of the Rhine (which France had annexed, with tiny Katzenelnbogen), the other member states (or their precursors) had been within Napoleon's Confederation of the Rhine.

  1. The Austrian Empire, excluding the Kingdom of Hungary, the Principality of Transylvania, and the Kingdom of Croatia (all of which became parts of the apostolic kingdom of Hungary within the Danubian Dual Monarchy), the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (constituting parts lost to Italy in 1859- viz. 1866), the Duchy of Bukovina, and the kingdoms of Dalmatia and Galicia (but including, from 1818 till 1850, Duchy of Oświęcim and Duchy of Zator)
    1. Archduchy of Austria (split into Upper Austria and Lower Austria in 1849)
    2. Kingdom of Bohemia
    3. Margraviate of Moravia
    4. Grand Duchy of Salzburg
    5. Duchy of Carinthia
    6. Duchy of Carniola
    7. Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia
    8. Duchy of Styria
    9. Littoral (consisting of Gorizia and Gradisca, Istria and Trieste)
    10. County of Tyrol
    11. Vorarlberg
  2. The Kingdom of Prussia (excluding Posen, East Prussia and West Prussia)
    1. Brandenburg
    2. Pomerania
    3. Rhine Province (until 1822 the Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine and the Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg)
    4. Saxony
    5. Silesia
    6. Westphalia
  3. The Kingdom of Bavaria
    1. Upper Bavaria
    2. Upper Franconia
    3. Swabia
    4. Upper Palatinate
    5. Middle Franconia
    6. Lower Bavaria
    7. Lower Franconia
    8. Palatinate
  4. The Kingdom of Hanover (in personal union with the United Kingdom until 1837)
  5. The Kingdom of Saxony
  6. The Kingdom of Württemberg
  7. The Electorate of Hesse (also known as Hesse-Kassel)
  8. The Grand Duchy of Baden
  9. The Grand Duchy of Hesse (also known as Hesse-Darmstadt)
  10. The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg (in personal union with the United Kingdom of the Netherlands; lost over half of its territory in the west to Belgium in the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1839, thereby resulting in the Duchy of Limburg becoming a member.)
  11. The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  12. The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  13. The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
  14. The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  15. The Duchy of Brunswick (prior Brunswick-Lunenburgian Principality of Wolfenbüttel)
  16. The Duchy of Holstein (in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark; not a former member of the Confederation of the Rhine)
  17. The Duchy of Limburg (became a member in 1839 in personal union with the Netherlands as compensation for territorial losses in the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg that were caused by the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.)
  18. The Duchy of Nassau
  19. The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1826)
  20. The Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Saxe-Altenburg from 1826)
  21. The Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen (dissolved in 1826; territory merged with Saxe-Meiningen)
  22. The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark)
  23. The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
  24. The Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg (merged with Anhalt-Dessau in 1863)
  25. The Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen from 1853; Duchy of Anhalt from 1863)
  26. The Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen (merged with Anhalt-Dessau in 1853)
  27. The Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (merged with Kingdom of Prussia in 1850)
  28. The Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (merged with Kingdom of Prussia in 1850)
  29. The Principality of Liechtenstein
  30. The Principality of Lippe
  31. The Principality of Reuss Junior Line
  32. The Principality of Reuss Senior Line
  33. The Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
  34. The Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  35. The Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  36. The Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont
  37. The Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg (became a member in 1817; merged with Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1866)
  38. The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (still a constitutive state of Germany)
  39. The Free City of Frankfurt upon Main
  40. The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (still a constitutive state of Germany)
  41. The Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck

The four free cities were republics by constitution, while all the others were monarchies, some constitutional and some absolutist.

The Duchy of Schleswig was never a member state. But Schleswig was traditionally connected to the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg, which were member states. In 1848-51 (during the First Schleswig War), it was treated by the German states and the short-lived German Empire as a kind of member. In 1864, the Danish king transferred the three duchies to Austria and Prussia (after the Second Schleswig War.

  • Westermann, Großer Atlas zur Weltgeschichte (in German, detailed maps)
  • WorldStatesmen

States of the German Confederation Article Talk Language Watch Edit The states of the German Confederation were member states of the German Confederation lasted from 20 June 1815 until 24 August 1866 Map of the German Confederation in German On the whole its territory nearly coincided with that remaining in the Holy Roman Empire at the outbreak of the French Revolution with the notable exception of Belgium Except for the two rival major powers Austria and Prussia and the western left bank of the Rhine which France had annexed with tiny Katzenelnbogen the other member states or their precursors had been within Napoleon s Confederation of the Rhine The Austrian Empire excluding the Kingdom of Hungary the Principality of Transylvania and the Kingdom of Croatia all of which became parts of the apostolic kingdom of Hungary within the Danubian Dual Monarchy the Kingdom of Lombardy Venetia constituting parts lost to Italy in 1859 viz 1866 the Duchy of Bukovina and the kingdoms of Dalmatia and Galicia but including from 1818 till 1850 Duchy of Oswiecim and Duchy of Zator Archduchy of Austria split into Upper Austria and Lower Austria in 1849 Kingdom of Bohemia Margraviate of Moravia Grand Duchy of Salzburg Duchy of Carinthia Duchy of Carniola Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia Duchy of Styria Littoral consisting of Gorizia and Gradisca Istria and Trieste County of Tyrol Vorarlberg The Kingdom of Prussia excluding Posen East Prussia and West Prussia Brandenburg Pomerania Rhine Province until 1822 the Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine and the Province of Julich Cleves Berg Saxony Silesia Westphalia The Kingdom of Bavaria Upper Bavaria Upper Franconia Swabia Upper Palatinate Middle Franconia Lower Bavaria Lower Franconia Palatinate The Kingdom of Hanover in personal union with the United Kingdom until 1837 The Kingdom of Saxony The Kingdom of Wurttemberg The Electorate of Hesse also known as Hesse Kassel The Grand Duchy of Baden The Grand Duchy of Hesse also known as Hesse Darmstadt The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg in personal union with the United Kingdom of the Netherlands lost over half of its territory in the west to Belgium in the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1839 thereby resulting in the Duchy of Limburg becoming a member The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Schwerin The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Strelitz The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg The Grand Duchy of Saxe Weimar Eisenach The Duchy of Brunswick prior Brunswick Lunenburgian Principality of Wolfenbuttel The Duchy of Holstein in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark not a former member of the Confederation of the Rhine The Duchy of Limburg became a member in 1839 in personal union with the Netherlands as compensation for territorial losses in the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg that were caused by the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands The Duchy of Nassau The Duchy of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Saxe Coburg and Gotha from 1826 The Duchy of Saxe Gotha Altenburg Saxe Altenburg from 1826 The Duchy of Saxe Hildburghausen dissolved in 1826 territory merged with Saxe Meiningen The Duchy of Saxe Lauenburg in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark The Duchy of Saxe Meiningen The Duchy of Anhalt Bernburg merged with Anhalt Dessau in 1863 The Duchy of Anhalt Dessau Duchy of Anhalt Dessau Kothen from 1853 Duchy of Anhalt from 1863 The Duchy of Anhalt Kothen merged with Anhalt Dessau in 1853 The Principality of Hohenzollern Hechingen merged with Kingdom of Prussia in 1850 The Principality of Hohenzollern Sigmaringen merged with Kingdom of Prussia in 1850 The Principality of Liechtenstein The Principality of Lippe The Principality of Reuss Junior Line The Principality of Reuss Senior Line The Principality of Schaumburg Lippe The Principality of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt The Principality of Schwarzburg Sondershausen The Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont The Landgraviate of Hesse Homburg became a member in 1817 merged with Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1866 The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen still a constitutive state of Germany The Free City of Frankfurt upon Main The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg still a constitutive state of Germany The Free and Hanseatic City of Lubeck The four free cities were republics by constitution while all the others were monarchies some constitutional and some absolutist The Duchy of Schleswig was never a member state But Schleswig was traditionally connected to the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg which were member states In 1848 51 during the First Schleswig War it was treated by the German states and the short lived German Empire as a kind of member In 1864 the Danish king transferred the three duchies to Austria and Prussia after the Second Schleswig War Sources and references EditWestermann Grosser Atlas zur Weltgeschichte in German detailed maps WorldStatesmen Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title States of the German Confederation amp oldid 1064648517, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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