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Stationary steam engine

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.(March 2015) ()

Stationary steam engines are fixed steam engines used for pumping or driving mills and factories, and for power generation. They are distinct from locomotive engines used on railways, traction engines for heavy steam haulage on roads, steam cars (and other motor vehicles), agricultural engines used for ploughing or threshing, marine engines, and the steam turbines used as the mechanism of power generation for most nuclear power plants.

A stationary steam engine, preserved at Tower Bridge in London. This is one of two tandem cross-compound hydraulic pumping engines formerly used to raise and lower the bridge.

They were introduced during the 18th century and widely made for the whole of the 19th century and most of the first half of the 20th century, only declining as electricity supply and the internal combustion engine became more widespread.

Contents

Double-acting stationary steam engine. The piston is on the left, the crank is mounted on the flywheel axle on the right.
Mill engine, Queen Street Mill, Burnley. William Roberts horizontal tandem compound engine - 'Peace'.
Marshall undertype steam engine

There are different patterns of stationary steam engines, distinguished by the layout of the cylinders and crankshaft:

  • Beam engines have a rocking beam providing the connection between the vertical cylinder and crankshaft.
  • Table engines have the crosshead above the vertical cylinder and the crankshaft below.
  • Horizontal engines have a horizontal cylinder.
  • Vertical engines have a vertical cylinder.
  • Inclined engines have an inclined cylinder.
  • Undertype engines are distinguished by having a locomotive-style boiler over top of a horizontal engine.

Stationary engines may be classified by secondary characteristics as well:

When stationary engines had multiple cylinders, they could be classified as:

  • Simple engines, with multiple identical cylinders operating on a common crankshaft.
  • Compound engines which use the exhaust from high-pressure cylinders to power low-pressure cylinders.

An engine could be run in simple or condensing mode:

  • Simple mode meant the exhaust gas left the cylinder and passed straight into the atmosphere
  • In condensing mode, the steam was cooled in a separate cylinder, and changed from vapour to liquid water, creating a vacuum that assisted with the motion. This could be done with a water-cooled plate that acted as a heat sink, or pumping-in a spray of water.

Stationary engines may also be classified by their application:

Stationary engines could be classified by the manufacturer

The restored Kittoe and Brotherhood beam engine at Coldharbour, which is steamed up regularly on Bank Holiday weekends.

In order of evolution:

Vol 1, Yorkshire (2000)
Vol 2, Scotland and Northern England (2000)
Vols 3:1, 3:2, Lancashire (2001)
Vol 4, Wales, Cheshire,& Shropshire (2002)
Vol 5, The North Midlands (2002)
Vol 6, The South Midlands (2003)
Vol 7, The South and South West (2003)
Vol 8, Greater London and the South East (2003)
Vol 9, East Anglia & adjacent counties (2004)
Vol 10, Marine Engines (and readers' notes, indexes to the series etc) (2005)

This series reproduces some 1,500 images from the Steam Engine Record made by George Watkins between 1930 and 1980, which is now in the Watkins Collection at English Heritage's National Monuments Record at Swindon, Wilts.

Stationary steam engine
Stationary steam engine Language Watch Edit This article includes a list of general references but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations March 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message Stationary steam engines are fixed steam engines used for pumping or driving mills and factories and for power generation They are distinct from locomotive engines used on railways traction engines for heavy steam haulage on roads steam cars and other motor vehicles agricultural engines used for ploughing or threshing marine engines and the steam turbines used as the mechanism of power generation for most nuclear power plants A stationary steam engine preserved at Tower Bridge in London This is one of two tandem cross compound hydraulic pumping engines formerly used to raise and lower the bridge They were introduced during the 18th century and widely made for the whole of the 19th century and most of the first half of the 20th century only declining as electricity supply and the internal combustion engine became more widespread Contents 1 Types of stationary steam engine 2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksTypes of stationary steam engine Edit Double acting stationary steam engine The piston is on the left the crank is mounted on the flywheel axle on the right Mill engine Queen Street Mill Burnley William Roberts horizontal tandem compound engine Peace Marshall undertype steam engine There are different patterns of stationary steam engines distinguished by the layout of the cylinders and crankshaft Beam engines have a rocking beam providing the connection between the vertical cylinder and crankshaft Table engines have the crosshead above the vertical cylinder and the crankshaft below Horizontal engines have a horizontal cylinder Vertical engines have a vertical cylinder Inclined engines have an inclined cylinder Undertype engines are distinguished by having a locomotive style boiler over top of a horizontal engine Stationary engines may be classified by secondary characteristics as well High speed engines are distinguished by fast acting valves Corliss engines are distinguished by special rotary valve gear Uniflow engines have admission valves at the cylinder heads and exhaust ports at the midpoint When stationary engines had multiple cylinders they could be classified as Simple engines with multiple identical cylinders operating on a common crankshaft Compound engines which use the exhaust from high pressure cylinders to power low pressure cylinders An engine could be run in simple or condensing mode Simple mode meant the exhaust gas left the cylinder and passed straight into the atmosphere In condensing mode the steam was cooled in a separate cylinder and changed from vapour to liquid water creating a vacuum that assisted with the motion This could be done with a water cooled plate that acted as a heat sink or pumping in a spray of water Stationary engines may also be classified by their application Pumping engines are found in pumping stations Mill engines to power textile mills Winding engines power various types of hoists Refrigeration engines are typically coupled to ammonia compressors Stationary engines could be classified by the manufacturer Boulton amp Watt George Saxon amp Co The restored Kittoe and Brotherhood beam engine at Coldharbour which is steamed up regularly on Bank Holiday weekends History EditIn order of evolution Savery atmospheric engine 1700 Newcomen engine 1712 Watt engine 1775 Hornblower 1781 Trevithick 1799 Woolf 1804 Cornish engine 1812 McNaught ed compound beam engines 1845 Corliss engine 1859 Porter Allen engine 1862 Uniflow engine Todd s 1885 Steam turbine 1889 1 See also EditBoilers Centrifugal governor Lineshaft Belt List of steam energy topics Stationary engine Steam donkey Preserved stationary steam enginesReferences Edit Hills 1993Bibliography EditBuchanan R A and Watkins George The Industrial Archaeology of the Stationary Steam Engine London 1976 ISBN 0 7139 0604 9 Hills Richard Leslie 1993 Power from Steam A History of the Stationary Steam Engine paperback ed Cambridge University Press p 244 ISBN 9780521458344 Retrieved 13 May 2009 Roberts A S 1921 Arthur Robert s Engine List Arthur Roberts Black Book One guy from Barlick Book Transcription Archived from the original on 2011 07 23 Retrieved 2009 01 11 Watkins George Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain Landmark Publishing various ISBNsVol 1 Yorkshire 2000 Vol 2 Scotland and Northern England 2000 Vols 3 1 3 2 Lancashire 2001 Vol 4 Wales Cheshire amp Shropshire 2002 Vol 5 The North Midlands 2002 Vol 6 The South Midlands 2003 Vol 7 The South and South West 2003 Vol 8 Greater London and the South East 2003 Vol 9 East Anglia amp adjacent counties 2004 Vol 10 Marine Engines and readers notes indexes to the series etc 2005 This series reproduces some 1 500 images from the Steam Engine Record made by George Watkins between 1930 and 1980 which is now in the Watkins Collection at English Heritage s National Monuments Record at Swindon Wilts External links EditVertical Stationary Steam Engine on YouTube Vertical Stationary Steam Engine on YouTube Old Engine House List of Museums examples of stationary steam engines preserved in the UK with pictures and links International Steam co uk comprehensive coverage of stationary steam engines in their original locations working and non working in many countries preserved stationary steam engines includes lesser known museums containing such engines UK Steamers steam engine forum Questions and answers about old steam engines traction engines Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stationary steam engine amp oldid 1050705625, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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