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Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada (StatCan; French: Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the agency of the Government of Canada commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. It is headquartered in Ottawa.

Statistics Canada
Statistique Canada
Agency overview
FormedMay 1, 1971; 50 years ago (May 1, 1971)
Preceding agency
HeadquartersOttawa, Ontario, Canada
Employees6,890 (March 2019)
Annual budgetCA$507.7 million (2018–19)
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Websitewww.statcan.gc.ca

The agency is led by the chief statistician of Canada, currently Anil Arora, who assumed the role on September 19, 2016. StatCan is responsible to Parliament through the Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry, currently François-Philippe Champagne.

Statistics Canada acts as the national statistical agency for Canada, and Statistics Canada produces statistics for all the provinces as well as the federal government. In addition to conducting about 350 active surveys on virtually all aspects of Canadian life, the Statistics Act mandates that Statistics Canada has a duty to conduct a country-wide census of population every five years and a census of agriculture every ten years.

It has regularly been considered the best statistical organization in the world by The Economist, such as in the 1991 and 1993 "Good Statistics" surveys. The Public Policy Forum and others have also recognized successes of the agency.

Contents

The head of Statistics Canada is the chief statistician of Canada. The heads of Statistics Canada and the previous organization, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, are:

Statistics Canada publishes numerous documents covering a range of statistical information about Canada, including census data, economic and health indicators, immigration economics, income distribution, and social and justice conditions. It also publishes a peer-reviewed statistics journal, Survey Methodology.

Statistics Canada provides free access to numerous aggregate data tables on various subjects of relevance to Canadian life. Many tables used to be published as the Canadian Socio-economic Information Management System, or CANSIM, which has since been replaced by new, more easily manipulated data tables Subject areas include Aboriginal peoples, Agriculture, Business, consumer and property services, Business performance and ownership, Children and youth, Construction, Crime and justice, Culture and leisure, Economic accounts, Education, training and learning, Energy, Environment, Ethnic diversity and immigration, Families, households and housing, Government, Health, Income, pensions, spending and wealth, Information and communications technology, International trade, Labour, Languages, Manufacturing, Population and demography, Prices and price indexes, Reference, Retail and wholesale, Science and technology, Seniors, Society and community, Transportation, and Travel and tourism.

The Daily is Statistics Canada's free online bulletin that provides current information from StatCan, updated daily, on current social and economic conditions.

Statistics Canada also provides the Canadian Income Survey (CIS)—a cross-sectional survey that assesses the income, income sources, and the economic status of individuals and families in Canada. Data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) is combined with data from the CIS. The February 24, 2020 reported statistics on the poverty based on the market basket measure (MBM).

As of February 1, 2012 "information published by Statistics Canada is automatically covered by the Open License with the exception of Statistics Canada's postal products and Public Use Microdata Files (PUMFs)." Researchers using StatCan data are required to "give full credit for any Statistics Canada data, analysis and other content material used or referred to in their studies, articles, papers and other research works." The use of Public Use Microdata Files (PUMFs) is governed by the Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) License signed by the universities and Statistics Canada. Aggregate data available through the Canadian Socio-economic Information Management System CANSIM, and the Census website is Open Data under the Statistics Canada Open License Agreement.

By 24 April 2006, electronic publications on Statistics Canada's web site were free of charge with some exceptions.

The historical time series data from CANSIM is also available via numerous third-party data vendors, including Haver Analytics, Macrobond Financial, and Thomson Reuters Datastream.

The Canadian Research Data Centre Network (CRDCN) is a network of quantitative social sciences which includes 27 facilities across Canada that provide "access to a vast array of social, economic, and health data, primarily gathered" by Statistics Canada and disseminate "research findings to the policy community and the Canadian public."

Statistics Canada was formed by the Statistics Act, which came into force on May 1, 1971. It replaced the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, which was formed in 1918. Statistics Canada published a print copy of the yearly almanac entitled Canada Year Book from 1967 to 2012 when it ceased publication due to ebbing demand and deep budgetary cutbacks to StatCan by the federal government. It was a yearly compendium of statistical lore and information on the nation's social and economic past, people, events and facts. The Canada Year Book was originally edited by a volunteer from the Department of Finance and published by a private company, which offset costs with advertisement sales. This method continued until 1879, at which time the record ceases, until 1885, at which time the Department of Agriculture took up the burden. The duty of publication was transferred to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics upon its formation in 1918.

On June 18, 2005, after years of study by expert panels, discussion, debate (privacy vs the interests of genealogists and historians), Bill S-18 An Act to Amend the Statistics Act was passed which released personal census records for censuses taken between 1911 and 2001, inclusive. Debate over the census and their contents had periodically created changes in the Statistics Act such as a 2005 amendment making the privacy restrictions of the census information expire after more than a century. In addition, with Bill S-18, starting with the 2006 Census, Canadians can consent to the public release of their personal census information after 92 years. Census returns are in the custody of Statistics Canada and the records are closed until 92 years after the taking of a census, when those records may be opened for public use and transferred to Library and Archives Canada subject to individual consent where applicable.

The mandatory long census form was cancelled by the federal government in 2010 in favour of a voluntary household survey (NHS). The mandatory long form census was reinstated in time for the 2016 Census of Population.

In 2011, Statistics Canada released an audit acknowledging that from 2004 to 2011, their automated computer processes had "inadvertently made economic data available to data distributors before the official publication time." In November 2011, in response to the audit, StatCan stopped that process.

2012 layoffs

Nearly half of Statistics Canada's 5000 employees were notified in April 2012 that their jobs might be eliminated as part of austerity measures imposed by the Conservative federal government in the 2012 Canadian federal budget. The 2,300 employees underwent a process to determine which ones were not impacted, which were eliminated and which were given early retirement or put in new positions. These budget cuts reduced the amount of information Statistics Canada was able to produce during that time period.

By law, every household must complete the Canada Census form. In May 2006, an Internet version of the census was made widely available for the first time. Another census was held in May 2011, again with the internet being the primary method for statistical data collection. The most recent census was held in May 2021, with the resulting data expected to be released throughout 2021.

2011 Voluntary Long Form or National Household Survey

Main article: Canada 2011 Census

On June 17, 2010 an Order in Council was created by the minister of industry defining the questions for the 2011 Census as including only the short-form questions; this was published in the Canada Gazette on June 26, 2010, however a news release was not issued by Minister of Industry Tony Clement until July 13, 2010. This release stated in part "The government will retain the mandatory short form that will collect basic demographic information. To meet the need for additional information, and to respect the privacy wishes of Canadians, the government has introduced the voluntary National Household Survey". On July 30, 2010 Statistics Canada published a description of the National Household Survey.

The minister of industry, Tony Clement initially indicated that these changes were being made based on consultations with Statistics Canada but was forced to admit that the change from a mandatory to voluntary form was not one of the recommendations received from StatCan after the head of the organization Munir Sheikh resigned in protest. Information has since been uncovered that indicates attempts on the part of the government to distance themselves from the decision, instructing Statistics Canada officials to delete the phrase "as per government decision" from documents which were being written to inform Statistics Canada staff of the change. The minister has since claimed that concerns over privacy and the threat of jail time are the reasons for the change and has refused to reverse his decision stating that the prime minister supports the legislation. The argument over privacy has subsequently been undermined by a privacy commissioner statement that she was “satisfied with the measures Statistics Canada had put into place to protect privacy”. Other industry professionals have also come out in defense of Statistics Canada’s record on privacy issues. The government has maintained its position, most recently expressed by Lynn Meahan, press secretary to the industry minister, that the new census will result in "useable (sic) and useful data that can meet the needs of many users."

During the 2010 debates, the Freedom Party of Ontario, a small group based on Ayn Rand's writings, whose 42 candidates received 12,381 votes (or 0.26% of the popular vote) in the 2014 election, opposed the long census. They also opposed bilingualism, political correctness and the inclusion of a question on race on the 1996 Canadian census. FPO claimed that Canadian and British traditions had been dishonoured by multiculturalism. They are among a minority who argue that using statistical data to analyze resource allocation is not beneficial.

Central to the debate on this issue is the effect on the quality of data which will be collected by Statistics Canada under the new system. Many groups have made the claim that a voluntary system will not provide a quality of data consistent with what Statistics Canada is known for while others feel that politically motivated changes to StatCan methodology taints the reputation of the whole organization in the international setting. Supporters of the change have offered models of European countries who are adopting alternate systems, although in these states the census is being replaced with a database of information on each citizen rather than a voluntary poll and none of these systems are planned for the Canadian 2011 census. They also challenge the current system's ability to cope with rapid socio-demographic changes, though this would not be addressed without increasing the frequency of the survey. Some public opposition to the changes has been expressed through the social media network Facebook.

According to The Globe and Mail, by 2015 an increasing number of economists joined organizations such as the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Canadian Federation of Independent Business, Canadian Economics Association, Martin Prosperity Institute, Toronto Region Board of Trade, Restaurants Canada and the Canadian Association of Business Economics to call for a reinstatement of the mandatory long form. Edmonton's chief economist preferred the long form and argues that the National Housing Survey is only useful at the aggregate city level and leaves "a dearth of data on long-term changes at the neighbourhood level and within demographic groups... making it difficult to make decisions such as "where to build a library, where to build a fire hall" without specific demographic information. Because it was not mandatory there was a lower response rate and therefore increased risk of under-representation of some vulnerable segments of society, for example aboriginal peoples, newly arrived immigrants. This makes it more difficult to "pinpoint trends such as income inequality, immigrant outcomes in the jobs market, labour shortages and demographic shifts."

2015 reinstatement of mandatory long form

One day after his election in November 2015, the Liberal government of Justin Trudeau reinstated the mandatory Census long form and it was used in the 2016 Census.

Political reactions

Former industry minister Tony Clement recanted on his support for the elimination of the long form. He avowed that there were ways to protect both indispensable data and Canadians’ privacy. Blaming his party for a “collective” decision to terminate the long form, he said, “I think I would have done it differently.” He implied incorrectly that Statistics Canada head Munir Sheikh had agreed with the cancellation when it was done.

Statistics Canada divided Canada into the following standard geographic units for statistical purposes in the 2016 Census.

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Statistics Canada
Statistics Canada Article Talk Language Watch Edit Statistics Canada StatCan French Statistique Canada formed in 1971 is the agency of the Government of Canada commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada its population resources economy society and culture It is headquartered in Ottawa 3 Statistics CanadaStatistique CanadaAgency overviewFormedMay 1 1971 50 years ago May 1 1971 Preceding agencyDominion Bureau of StatisticsHeadquartersOttawa Ontario CanadaEmployees6 890 March 2019 1 Annual budgetCA 507 7 million 2018 19 2 Minister responsibleHon Francois Philippe Champagne Minister of Innovation Science and IndustryAgency executiveAnil Arora Chief Statistician of CanadaWebsitewww wbr statcan wbr gc wbr ca The agency is led by the chief statistician of Canada currently Anil Arora who assumed the role on September 19 2016 4 StatCan is responsible to Parliament through the Minister of Innovation Science and Industry currently Francois Philippe Champagne Statistics Canada acts as the national statistical agency for Canada and Statistics Canada produces statistics for all the provinces as well as the federal government In addition to conducting about 350 active surveys on virtually all aspects of Canadian life the Statistics Act mandates that Statistics Canada has a duty to conduct a country wide census of population every five years and a census of agriculture every ten years 5 It has regularly been considered the best statistical organization in the world by The Economist 6 such as in the 1991 7 and 1993 8 Good Statistics surveys The Public Policy Forum and others have also recognized successes of the agency 9 Contents 1 Leadership 2 Publications 3 Data accessibility and licensing 4 Canadian Research Data Centre Network CRDCN 5 History 5 1 2012 layoffs 6 The census 6 1 2011 Voluntary Long Form or National Household Survey 6 2 2015 reinstatement of mandatory long form 6 3 Political reactions 7 Standard geographic units 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksLeadership EditThe head of Statistics Canada is the chief statistician of Canada The heads of Statistics Canada and the previous organization the Dominion Bureau of Statistics are Robert H Coats 1918 1942 Sedley A Cudmore 1942 1945 Herbert Marshall 1945 1956 Walter E Duffett 1957 1972 Sylvia Ostry 1972 1975 Peter G Kirkham 1975 1980 James L Fry 1980 Martin B Wilk 1980 1985 Ivan P Fellegi 1985 2008 Munir Sheikh 2008 2010 Wayne Smith interim 2010 2011 2016 Anil Arora 2016 Publications EditStatistics Canada publishes numerous documents covering a range of statistical information about Canada including census data economic and health indicators immigration economics income distribution and social and justice conditions It also publishes a peer reviewed statistics journal Survey Methodology Statistics Canada provides free access to numerous aggregate data tables on various subjects of relevance to Canadian life Many tables used to be published as the Canadian Socio economic Information Management System or CANSIM which has since been replaced by new more easily manipulated data tables 10 Subject areas include Aboriginal peoples Agriculture Business consumer and property services Business performance and ownership Children and youth Construction Crime and justice Culture and leisure Economic accounts Education training and learning Energy Environment Ethnic diversity and immigration Families households and housing Government Health Income pensions spending and wealth Information and communications technology International trade Labour Languages Manufacturing Population and demography Prices and price indexes Reference Retail and wholesale Science and technology Seniors Society and community Transportation and Travel and tourism The Daily is Statistics Canada s free online bulletin that provides current information from StatCan updated daily on current social and economic conditions 11 Statistics Canada also provides the Canadian Income Survey CIS a cross sectional survey that assesses the income income sources and the economic status of individuals and families in Canada 12 Data from the Labour Force Survey LFS is combined with data from the CIS The February 24 2020 reported statistics on the poverty based on the market basket measure MBM 13 Data accessibility and licensing EditAs of February 1 2012 information published by Statistics Canada is automatically covered by the Open License with the exception of Statistics Canada s postal products and Public Use Microdata Files PUMFs Researchers using StatCan data are required to give full credit for any Statistics Canada data analysis and other content material used or referred to in their studies articles papers and other research works The use of Public Use Microdata Files PUMFs is governed by the Data Liberation Initiative DLI License signed by the universities and Statistics Canada Aggregate data available through the Canadian Socio economic Information Management System CANSIM and the Census website is Open Data under the Statistics Canada Open License Agreement 14 By 24 April 2006 electronic publications on Statistics Canada s web site were free of charge with some exceptions 15 The historical time series data from CANSIM is also available via numerous third party data vendors including Haver Analytics 16 Macrobond Financial 17 and Thomson Reuters Datastream 18 Canadian Research Data Centre Network CRDCN EditThe Canadian Research Data Centre Network CRDCN is a network of quantitative social sciences which includes 27 facilities across Canada that provide access to a vast array of social economic and health data primarily gathered by Statistics Canada and disseminate research findings to the policy community and the Canadian public 19 History EditStatistics Canada was formed by the Statistics Act 20 which came into force on May 1 1971 21 It replaced the Dominion Bureau of Statistics 22 which was formed in 1918 Statistics Canada published a print copy of the yearly almanac entitled Canada Year Book from 1967 to 2012 23 when it ceased publication due to ebbing demand and deep budgetary cutbacks to StatCan by the federal government 23 It was a yearly compendium of statistical lore and information on the nation s social and economic past people events and facts 24 The Canada Year Book was originally edited by a volunteer from the Department of Finance and published by a private company which offset costs with advertisement sales This method continued until 1879 at which time the record ceases until 1885 at which time the Department of Agriculture took up the burden The duty of publication was transferred to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics upon its formation in 1918 On June 18 2005 after years of study by expert panels discussion debate privacy vs the interests of genealogists and historians Bill S 18 An Act to Amend the Statistics Act was passed which released personal census records for censuses taken between 1911 and 2001 inclusive 25 Debate over the census and their contents had periodically created changes in the Statistics Act such as a 2005 amendment making the privacy restrictions of the census information expire after more than a century In addition with Bill S 18 starting with the 2006 Census Canadians can consent to the public release of their personal census information after 92 years Census returns are in the custody of Statistics Canada and the records are closed until 92 years after the taking of a census when those records may be opened for public use and transferred to Library and Archives Canada subject to individual consent where applicable 26 The mandatory long census form was cancelled by the federal government in 2010 in favour of a voluntary household survey NHS 27 The mandatory long form census was reinstated in time for the 2016 Census of Population In 2011 Statistics Canada released an audit acknowledging that from 2004 to 2011 their automated computer processes had inadvertently made economic data available to data distributors before the official publication time In November 2011 in response to the audit StatCan stopped that process 28 2012 layoffs Edit Nearly half of Statistics Canada s 5000 employees were notified in April 2012 that their jobs might be eliminated as part of austerity measures imposed by the Conservative federal government in the 2012 Canadian federal budget 29 The 2 300 employees underwent a process to determine which ones were not impacted which were eliminated and which were given early retirement or put in new positions 30 These budget cuts reduced the amount of information Statistics Canada was able to produce during that time period 29 The census EditBy law every household must complete the Canada Census form 31 In May 2006 an Internet version of the census was made widely available for the first time Another census was held in May 2011 again with the internet being the primary method for statistical data collection The most recent census was held in May 2021 with the resulting data expected to be released throughout 2021 32 2011 Voluntary Long Form or National Household Survey Edit Main article Canada 2011 Census On June 17 2010 an Order in Council was created by the minister of industry defining the questions for the 2011 Census as including only the short form questions this was published in the Canada Gazette on June 26 2010 33 however a news release was not issued by Minister of Industry Tony Clement until July 13 2010 This release stated in part The government will retain the mandatory short form that will collect basic demographic information To meet the need for additional information and to respect the privacy wishes of Canadians the government has introduced the voluntary National Household Survey 34 On July 30 2010 Statistics Canada published a description of the National Household Survey 35 The minister of industry Tony Clement initially indicated that these changes were being made based on consultations with Statistics Canada 36 but was forced to admit that the change from a mandatory to voluntary form was not one of the recommendations received from StatCan after the head of the organization Munir Sheikh resigned in protest 37 Information has since been uncovered that indicates attempts on the part of the government to distance themselves from the decision instructing Statistics Canada officials to delete the phrase as per government decision from documents which were being written to inform Statistics Canada staff of the change 38 The minister has since claimed that concerns over privacy 39 and the threat of jail time 40 are the reasons for the change 41 and has refused to reverse his decision 42 stating that the prime minister supports the legislation 43 The argument over privacy has subsequently been undermined by a privacy commissioner statement that she was satisfied with the measures Statistics Canada had put into place to protect privacy 44 Other industry professionals have also come out in defense of Statistics Canada s record on privacy issues 45 46 The government has maintained its position most recently expressed by Lynn Meahan press secretary to the industry minister that the new census will result in useable sic and useful data that can meet the needs of many users 47 During the 2010 debates the Freedom Party of Ontario a small group based on Ayn Rand s writings whose 42 candidates received 12 381 votes or 0 26 of the popular vote in the 2014 election opposed the long census They also opposed bilingualism political correctness and the inclusion of a question on race on the 1996 Canadian census FPO claimed that Canadian and British traditions had been dishonoured by multiculturalism They are among a minority who argue that using statistical data to analyze resource allocation is not beneficial 45 48 49 Central to the debate on this issue is the effect on the quality of data which will be collected by Statistics Canada under the new system Many groups have made the claim that a voluntary system will not provide a quality of data consistent with what Statistics Canada is known for 37 42 45 46 while others feel that politically motivated changes to StatCan methodology taints the reputation of the whole organization in the international setting 50 Supporters of the change have offered models of European countries who are adopting alternate systems 39 although in these states the census is being replaced with a database of information on each citizen rather than a voluntary poll and none of these systems are planned for the Canadian 2011 census They also challenge the current system s ability to cope with rapid socio demographic changes though this would not be addressed without increasing the frequency of the survey Some public opposition to the changes has been expressed through the social media network Facebook 51 According to The Globe and Mail by 2015 an increasing number of economists joined organizations such as the Canadian Chamber of Commerce Canadian Federation of Independent Business Canadian Economics Association Martin Prosperity Institute Toronto Region Board of Trade Restaurants Canada and the Canadian Association of Business Economics to call for a reinstatement of the mandatory long form 27 Edmonton s chief economist preferred the long form and argues that the National Housing Survey is only useful at the aggregate city level and leaves a dearth of data on long term changes at the neighbourhood level and within demographic groups making it difficult to make decisions such as where to build a library where to build a fire hall without specific demographic information 27 Because it was not mandatory there was a lower response rate and therefore increased risk of under representation of some vulnerable segments of society for example aboriginal peoples newly arrived immigrants This makes it more difficult to pinpoint trends such as income inequality immigrant outcomes in the jobs market labour shortages and demographic shifts 27 2015 reinstatement of mandatory long form Edit One day after his election in November 2015 the Liberal government of Justin Trudeau reinstated the mandatory Census long form 52 and it was used in the 2016 Census 53 54 Political reactions Edit Former industry minister Tony Clement recanted on his support for the elimination of the long form He avowed that there were ways to protect both indispensable data and Canadians privacy Blaming his party for a collective decision to terminate the long form he said I think I would have done it differently He implied incorrectly that Statistics Canada head Munir Sheikh had agreed with the cancellation when it was done 55 Standard geographic units EditMain article Census geographic units of Canada Statistics Canada divided Canada into the following standard geographic units for statistical purposes in the 2016 Census 56 Province or territory Census division Census consolidated subdivision Census subdivision municipalities and municipal equivalents as defined by Statistics Canada in consultation with provincial and territorial governments including the following types 57 Canton townships in Quebec Chartered community present in the Northwest Territories City Community present in Prince Edward Island Community government present in the Northwest Territories County municipality rural territories in Nova Scotia Cree reserve land present in Quebec Cree village present in Quebec Crown colony present in Saskatchewan District municipality rural or urban territories of British Columbia Hamlet present in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut Improvement district rural municipalities in Alberta Indian government district present in British Columbia Indian reserve Indian settlement Inuit reserve land present in Quebec Island municipality present in British Columbia Local government district present in Manitoba Municipal district rural municipalities in Alberta and Nova Scotia Municipality rural territories in Quebec Naskapi village present in Quebec Naskapis reserve land present in Quebec Nisga a land present in British Columbia Northern hamlet present in Saskatchewan Northern village village nordique present in Saskatchewan and Quebec Parish rural territories in Quebec parish municipalities and New Brunswick Regional district electoral area unorganized rural areas in British Columbia Regional municipality present in Nova Scotia Resort village present in Saskatchewan Rural community present in New Brunswick Rural municipality present in Manitoba and Saskatchewan Self government present in Yukon Settlement present in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut Special area rural municipalities in Alberta Specialized municipality present in Alberta Subdivision of county municipality rural territories within Nova Scotia s county municipalities Subdivision of unorganized area unorganized rural territories of Newfoundland and Labrador Summer village present in Alberta Teslin land present in Yukon Town Township present in Ontario Township and royalty rural territories in Prince Edward Island United cantons townships that have been united in Quebec Unorganized area Village Ville cities and towns in Quebec Aggregated dissemination area ADA Economic region Designated place Federal electoral district Forward sortation area Statistical area classifications Census metropolitan area CMA or census agglomeration CA a cluster of adjacent census subdivisions where in the case of a CMA the cluster has a population of 100 000 or greater in which at least 50 000 live in the core and in the case of a CA the cluster has a population of at least 10 000 in the core 58 Census tract applicable to all CMAs and 15 CAs Population centre previously urban area Large urban Medium Small Rural area Non CMA or non CA like CMAs and CAs includes small population centres and rural areas but excludes large urban and medium population centres See also Edit Canada portal List of national and international statistical services Institut de la statistique du Quebec Official statistics United Nations Statistics DivisionReferences Edit GC InfoBase www tbs sct gc ca Retrieved 26 September 2020 GC InfoBase www tbs sct gc ca Retrieved 26 September 2020 Contact us StatCan nd Retrieved 4 August 2015 Statistics Canada 150 Tunney s Pasture Driveway Ottawa Ontario K1A 0T6 Statistique Canada 150 promenade du pre Tunney Ottawa Ontario K1A 0T6 Anil Arora appointed chief statistician at StatsCan Government of Canada Statistics Act R S C 1985 c S 19 Retrieved 3 June 2020 Canadian Initiative on Social Statistics Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada 11 July 2006 Retrieved 5 November 2006 Economist Good Statistics Guide Assesses Accuracy of Figures The Economist 7 September 1991 Economics Brief Good Statistics Guide The Economist 11 September 1993 75 Years and Counting A History of Statistics Canada Ottawa Statistics Canada 1993 ISBN 0 662 62187 5 Statistics Canada Frequently Asked Questions on Data Tables Statistics Canada Retrieved 20 June 2020 The Daily StatCan nd retrieved 4 August 2015 Canadian Income Survey CIS Surveys and statistical programs Retrieved 25 February 2020 Canadian Income Survey 2018 The Daily 24 February 2020 Retrieved 25 February 2020 Copyright at the University Library Statistics amp Data from Statistics Canada University of Saskatchewan nd retrieved 4 August 2015 Access to Statistics Canada s electronic publications at no charge Statistics Canada 24 April 2006 Retrieved 1 December 2006 Haver Analytics 8 April 2005 retrieved 18 June 2016 Macrobond CANSIM 22 April 2016 retrieved 18 June 2016 Thomson Reuters Economics Data PDF Raymond F Currie Sarah Fortin 2015 Social statistics matter a history of the Canadian RDC Network PDF Hamilton Ontario CRDCN ISBN 978 0 9947581 1 8 retrieved 4 August 2015 CS1 maint uses authors parameter link Chapter 15 Statistics Act Acts of the Parliament of Canada Third Session of the Twenty Eighth Parliament Vol 1 Ottawa Queen s Printer for Canada 1972 pp 437 455 volume has extra text help Grandy J F 8 May 1971 Statistics Act Coming into force and having effect upon from and after the 1st day of May 1971 Proclamations The Canada Gazette Part 1 Vol 105 no 19 p 1177 Worton David A 1998 The Dominion Bureau of Statistics A History of Canada s Central Statistical Office and Its Antecedents 1841 1972 McGill Queen s University Press p 286 ISBN 978 077351660 1 a b The Canada Year Book is history The Globe and Mail 13 November 2012 retrieved 4 August 2015 Canada Year Book CYB Historical Collection StatCan BILL S 18 AN ACT TO AMEND THE STATISTICS ACT Parliament of Canada Archived from the original on 2 November 2013 Retrieved 8 August 2013 Statistics Act Government of Canada Retrieved 9 June 2013 18 1 The information contained in the returns of each census of population taken between 1910 and 2005 is no longer subject to sections 17 and 18 ninety two years after the census is taken 3 When sections 17 and 18 cease to apply to information referred to in subsection 1 or 2 the information shall be placed under the care and control of the Library and Archives of Canada a b c d TAVIA GRANT 6 February 2015 Scrapping of long form census causing long term issues for business The Globe and Mail Toronto ON Thomson Reuters Retrieved 4 August 2015 Mayeda Andrew Quinn Greg 17 October 2011 Political Aides Getting Canada Data Day in Advance Hurts Market Confidence Bloomberg a b Curry Bill Grant Tavia 1 May 2012 Conservative cuts put half of Statscan jobs at risk The Globe and Mail Egan Louise 1 May 2012 Budget cuts hit thousands of civil servants Reuters About the census Questions and answers about the census Statistics Canada 10 January 2013 Retrieved 22 November 2013 2021 Census dissemination planning Release plans Statistics Canada 12 May 2021 Retrieved 5 October 2021 orders in council statistics canada Industry Canada 17 June 2010 Archived from the original on 3 June 2011 Retrieved 11 August 2010 Statement on 2011 Census Industry Canada 13 July 2010 Retrieved 11 August 2010 National Household Survey Archived 2011 06 03 at the Wayback Machine Statcan gc ca 2012 05 14 Retrieved on 2013 07 12 Campion Smith Bruce 16 July 2010 StatsCan recommended move to voluntary census Tony Clement says Toronto Star Retrieved 17 July 2010 a b Proudfoot Shannon 22 July 2010 StatsCan in turmoil over census Montreal Gazette Retrieved 24 July 2010 Proudfoot Shannon 2 March 2011 StatsCan panel tried to fight decision to kill long form census documents Postmedia News Retrieved 3 March 2011 a b Leviathan s spyglass The Economist 15 July 2010 Retrieved 27 July 2010 Has anyone ever been jailed for not filling out the long form census Canada com Blogs 4 August 2010 Archived from the original on 6 May 2011 Retrieved 4 August 2010 StatsCan head quits over census dispute CBC news 21 July 2010 Retrieved 4 August 2015 a b Clement to face MPs on census CBC News 24 July 2010 Retrieved 24 July 2010 Howlett Karen Perreaux Les 22 July 2010 Premiers seek difficult census compromise Toronto The Globe and Mail Retrieved 22 July 2010 Few complaints about census privacy commissioner Toronto Sun Blogs 14 July 2010 Retrieved 4 August 2010 a b c Willcocks Paul 4 August 2010 The bizarre decision on the census Canada com Retrieved 4 August 2010 a b Count on it long form census basic to decision making in Canada Canada com 17 July 2010 Retrieved 4 August 2010 Professors may need more funding after census changes CTV News The Canadian Press 5 December 2010 Archived from the original on 2 November 2011 Retrieved 13 November 2021 Campion Smith Bruce 6 July 2010 Optional Long Form Census a Blow to Racism Toronto Star Retrieved 4 August 2015 Richard Field First Shell Fire Heroes Remember Veterans Affairs Canada Retrieved 23 May 2015 Gutstein Donald 27 July 2010 Why Attack the Long Census The Tyee Retrieved 11 August 2010 Keep the Canada Census Long Form Retrieved 27 July 2010 Campion Smith Bruce 5 November 2015 Canada s long form census is back for 2016 The Star Toronto Retrieved 18 September 2017 Guide to the Census of Population 2016 Statistics Canada 5 January 2017 pp Chapter 5 Census of Population questionnaires 2016 Census 2A L Questionnaire Statistics Canada 7 February 2017 Retrieved 18 September 2017 Selley Chris 25 February 2016 Conservatives in dire need of an ideological and policy reset before leadership race National Post Retrieved 16 February 2017 Dictionary Census of Population 2016 Statistics Canada 8 February 2017 pp Figure 1 1 Hierarchy of standard geographic units for dissemination 2016 Census Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries Status and Names From January 2 2012 to January 1 2013 PDF Statistics Canada pp 6 7 Retrieved 25 February 2016 Census metropolitan area CMA and census agglomeration CA Statistics Canada 27 November 2015 Retrieved 25 February 2016 Further reading EditStatistics Canada 27 October 2010 Canada Year Book Ottawa Federal Publications Queen of Canada Catalogue no 11 402 XPE External links EditStatistics Canada website 2011 Census home page English 2006 Census CANSIM Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Statistics Canada amp oldid 1055116846, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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