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Jainism in India

Jainism is India's sixth-largest religion and is practiced throughout India.

Indian Jains
Chaumukha Jain Temple
Total population
4,451,753 (2011)
0.40% (of the total population of India)
Founder
Shree Aadinath Bhagwan
Regions with significant populations
Maharashtra1,400,349
Rajasthan622,023
Gujarat579,654
Madhya Pradesh567,028
Karnataka440,280
Religions
Jainism
Languages
Languages of India

Per the 2011 census, there are 4,451,753 Jains in the 1.21 billion population of India, the majority living in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, however, the influence of Jainism has been far greater on the Indian population than these numbers suggest. Jains can be found in every states and union territories, varying from large societies to smaller. The state of Jharkhand, with a population of 16,301 Jains also contains the holy pilgrimage centre of Sammed Shikharji.

Contents

Main article: History of Jainism

Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist, Like most ancient Indian religions, Jainism has its roots from the Indus Valley Civilization, reflecting native spirituality prior to the Indo-Aryan migration into India. Other scholars suggested the Shramana traditions were separate and contemporaneous with Indo-Aryan religious practices of the historical Vedic religion. In August 2005, the Supreme Court of India ruled that Jainism, Sikhism (and Buddhism) are distinct religions, but are inter-connected and inter-related to Hinduism, so these three are part of wider broader Hindu religion, based on the historic background on how the Constitution had come into existence after. However, in the 2006 verdict, Supreme Court of India found that the "Jain Religion is indisputably not a part of the Hindu Religion".

On January 20, 2014, the Government of India awarded the minority status to the Jain community in India, as per Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) Act (NCM), 1992. This made the Jain community which makes for 4.5 million or 0.36 percent of the population as per 2011 census, the sixth community to be designated this status as a "national minority", after Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis. Though Jains already had minority status in 11 states of India including Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan, in 2005 a petition was filed with Supreme Court of India, by community representatives, which was also backed by the National Minorities Commission. In its judgement the court left the decision to the Central government.

Jainism as a religion exists throughout India. Jainism also varies from state to state, but the core values are the same.

District wise Jain population percentage India census 2011
States having more than 100,000 Jains in 2011 India Census
State Jain Population (approximate) Jain Population (%)
Maharashtra 1,400,349 1.246%
Rajasthan 622,023 0.907%
Gujarat 579,654 0.959%
Madhya Pradesh 567,028 0.781%
Karnataka 440,280 0.721%
Uttar Pradesh 213,267 0.107%
Delhi 166,231 0.99%
Literacy in India by religion
Religion Literacy Rate
Jain 94.9
Christian 84.5
Buddhist 81.3
Sikh 75.4
Hindu 73.3
Muslim 68.5
  1. "Census of India".
  2. "National minority status for Jains". The Telegraph.
  3. "Jains become sixth minority community". dna. 21 January 2014.
  4. Glasenapp 1999, p. 15.
  5. Dundas 2002, p. 12.
  6. Varni, Jinendra; Ed. Prof. Sagarmal Jain, Translated Justice T.K. Tukol and Dr. Narendra Bhandari. Samaṇ Suttaṁ. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. “The Historians have so far fully recognized the truth that Tirthankara Mahavira was not the founder of the religion. He was preceded by many tirthankaras. He merely reiterated and rejuvenated that religion. It is correct that history has not been able to trace the origin of the Jaina religion; but historical evidence now available and the result of dispassionate researches in literature have established that Jainism is undoubtedly an ancient religion.” Pp. xii – xiii of introduction by Justice T.K.Tutkol and Dr. K.K. Dixit.
  7. Glasenapp 1999, p. 24.
  8. Dundas 2002, p. 17.
  9. Larson, Gerald James (1995) India’s Agony over religion SUNY Press ISBN 0-7914-2412-X. “There is some evidence that Jain traditions may be even older than the Buddhist traditions, possibly going back to the time of the Indus valley civilization, and that Vardhamana rather than being a “founder” per se was, rather, simply a primary spokesman for much older tradition. Page 27”
  10. Joel Diederik Beversluis (2000) In: Sourcebook of the World's Religions: An Interfaith Guide to Religion and Spirituality, New World Library : Novato, CA ISBN 1-57731-121-3 Originating on the Indian sub-continent, Jainism is one of the oldest religion of its homeland and indeed the world, having pre-historic origins before 3000 BC and the propagation of Indo-Aryan culture.... p. 81
  11. Jainism by Mrs. N.R. Guseva p.44
  12. Long, Jeffrey D. (2009). Jainism: An Introduction. New York: I.B. Tauris. pp. 45–56. ISBN 978-1-84511-626-2.
  13. S.S. Negi (11 August 2005). "Jains, Sikhs part of broader Hindu religion, says SC". Tribune. Retrieved11 August 2005.
  14. "CASE NO.:Appeal (civil) 4730 of 1999 PETITIONER:Bal Patil & Anr. RESPONDENT:Union of India & Ors. DATE OF JUDGMENT: 08/08/2005".
  15. "Supreme Court of India Committee Of Management Kanya ... vs Sachiv, U.P. Basic Shiksha ... on 21 August, 2006 Author: D Bhandari Bench: S. B.Sinha, Dalveer Bhandari".
  16. para 25, Committee of Management Kanya Junior High School Bal Vidya Mandir, Etah, Uttar Pradesh v. Sachiv, U.P. Basic Shiksha Parishad, Allahabad, U.P. and Ors., Per Dalveer Bhandari J., Civil Appeal No. 9595 of 2003, decided On: 21.08.2006, Supreme Court of India
  17. PTI. "Govt grants minority status to Jain community". livemint.com/.
  18. "Jains granted minority status". The Hindu. 21 January 2014. Retrieved21 January 2014.
  19. "Eye on votes, UPA gives Jain community minority status". Hindustan Times. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 20 January 2014. Retrieved21 January 2014.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2015. Retrieved26 August 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. "Jains most literate in North, Muslims the least". Hindustan Times. 4 January 2016. Retrieved16 May 2021.

Jainism in India
Jainism in India Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Statistics of Jainism Jainism is India s sixth largest religion and is practiced throughout India 2 3 Indian JainsJain flagChaumukha Jain TempleTotal population4 451 753 2011 1 0 40 of the total population of India FounderShree Aadinath BhagwanRegions with significant populationsMaharashtra1 400 349Rajasthan622 023Gujarat579 654Madhya Pradesh567 028Karnataka440 280ReligionsJainismLanguagesLanguages of India Per the 2011 census there are 4 451 753 Jains in the 1 21 billion population of India the majority living in Maharashtra Rajasthan Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh however the influence of Jainism has been far greater on the Indian population than these numbers suggest Jains can be found in every states and union territories varying from large societies to smaller The state of Jharkhand with a population of 16 301 Jains also contains the holy pilgrimage centre of Sammed Shikharji Contents 1 History 2 Status in India 3 Jainism by state 4 Census of India 2011 5 See also 6 Notes 7 ReferencesHistory EditMain article History of Jainism Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist 4 5 6 7 8 Like most ancient Indian religions Jainism has its roots from the Indus Valley Civilization reflecting native spirituality prior to the Indo Aryan migration into India 9 10 11 Other scholars suggested the Shramana traditions were separate and contemporaneous with Indo Aryan religious practices of the historical Vedic religion 12 In August 2005 the Supreme Court of India ruled that Jainism Sikhism and Buddhism are distinct religions but are inter connected and inter related to Hinduism so these three are part of wider broader Hindu religion based on the historic background on how the Constitution had come into existence after 13 14 However in the 2006 verdict Supreme Court of India found that the Jain Religion is indisputably not a part of the Hindu Religion 15 16 Status in India EditOn January 20 2014 the Government of India awarded the minority status to the Jain community in India as per Section 2 c of the National Commission for Minorities NCM Act NCM 1992 This made the Jain community which makes for 4 5 million or 0 36 percent of the population as per 2011 census the sixth community to be designated this status as a national minority after Muslims Christians Sikhs Buddhists and Parsis 17 Though Jains already had minority status in 11 states of India including Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan in 2005 a petition was filed with Supreme Court of India by community representatives which was also backed by the National Minorities Commission In its judgement the court left the decision to the Central government 18 19 Jainism by state EditJainism as a religion exists throughout India Jainism also varies from state to state but the core values are the same Jainism in Assam Jainism in Bengal Jainism in Bihar Jainism in Bundelkhand Jainism in Delhi Jainism in Gujarat Gujarati Jain Jainism in Rajasthan Marwari Jain Jainism in Karnataka Jainism in Kerala Jainism in Maharashtra Marathi Jain Jainism in Mumbai Jainism in Nagaland Jainism in North Karnataka Jainism in Tamil Nadu Tamil Jain Jainism in Tulu Nadu Jain Bunt Jainism in Uttar PradeshCensus of India 2011 Edit District wise Jain population percentage India census 2011 States having more than 100 000 Jains in 2011 India Census 20 State Jain Population approximate Jain Population Maharashtra 1 400 349 1 246 Rajasthan 622 023 0 907 Gujarat 579 654 0 959 Madhya Pradesh 567 028 0 781 Karnataka 440 280 0 721 Uttar Pradesh 213 267 0 107 Delhi 166 231 0 99 Literacy in India by religion 21 Religion Literacy RateJain 94 9Christian 84 5Buddhist 81 3Sikh 75 4Hindu 73 3Muslim 68 5See also Edit India portal Jains Jainism List of Jain templesNotes Edit Census of India National minority status for Jains The Telegraph Jains become sixth minority community dna 21 January 2014 Glasenapp 1999 p 15 Dundas 2002 p 12 Varni Jinendra Ed Prof Sagarmal Jain Translated Justice T K Tukol and Dr Narendra Bhandari Samaṇ Suttaṁ New Delhi Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti The Historians have so far fully recognized the truth that Tirthankara Mahavira was not the founder of the religion He was preceded by many tirthankaras He merely reiterated and rejuvenated that religion It is correct that history has not been able to trace the origin of the Jaina religion but historical evidence now available and the result of dispassionate researches in literature have established that Jainism is undoubtedly an ancient religion Pp xii xiii of introduction by Justice T K Tutkol and Dr K K Dixit Glasenapp 1999 p 24 Dundas 2002 p 17 Larson Gerald James 1995 India s Agony over religion SUNY Press ISBN 0 7914 2412 X There is some evidence that Jain traditions may be even older than the Buddhist traditions possibly going back to the time of the Indus valley civilization and that Vardhamana rather than being a founder per se was rather simply a primary spokesman for much older tradition Page 27 Joel Diederik Beversluis 2000 In Sourcebook of the World s Religions An Interfaith Guide to Religion and Spirituality New World Library Novato CA ISBN 1 57731 121 3 Originating on the Indian sub continent Jainism is one of the oldest religion of its homeland and indeed the world having pre historic origins before 3000 BC and the propagation of Indo Aryan culture p 81 Jainism by Mrs N R Guseva p 44 Long Jeffrey D 2009 Jainism An Introduction New York I B Tauris pp 45 56 ISBN 978 1 84511 626 2 S S Negi 11 August 2005 Jains Sikhs part of broader Hindu religion says SC Tribune Retrieved 11 August 2005 CASE NO Appeal civil 4730 of 1999 PETITIONER Bal Patil amp Anr RESPONDENT Union of India amp Ors DATE OF JUDGMENT 08 08 2005 Supreme Court of India Committee Of Management Kanya vs Sachiv U P Basic Shiksha on 21 August 2006 Author D Bhandari Bench S B Sinha Dalveer Bhandari para 25 Committee of Management Kanya Junior High School Bal Vidya Mandir Etah Uttar Pradesh v Sachiv U P Basic Shiksha Parishad Allahabad U P and Ors Per Dalveer Bhandari J Civil Appeal No 9595 of 2003 decided On 21 08 2006 Supreme Court of India PTI Govt grants minority status to Jain community livemint com Jains granted minority status The Hindu 21 January 2014 Retrieved 21 January 2014 Eye on votes UPA gives Jain community minority status Hindustan Times 20 January 2014 Archived from the original on 20 January 2014 Retrieved 21 January 2014 Archived copy Archived from the original on 27 August 2015 Retrieved 26 August 2015 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Jains most literate in North Muslims the least Hindustan Times 4 January 2016 Retrieved 16 May 2021 References EditDundas Paul 2002 1992 The Jains Second ed London and New York City Routledge ISBN 0 415 26605 X Glasenapp Helmuth Von 1999 Jainism An Indian Religion of Salvation Der Jainismus Eine Indische Erlosungsreligion Shridhar B Shrotri trans Delhi Motilal Banarsidass ISBN 81 208 1376 6 Elst K 2002 Who is a Hindu Hindu revivalist views of Animism Buddhism Sikhism and other offshoots of Hinduism ISBN 978 8185990743 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Jainism in India amp oldid 1046518794, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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