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Statuto Albertino

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The Statuto Albertino (English: Albertine Statute) was the constitution granted by King Charles Albert of Sardinia to the Kingdom of Sardinia on 4 March 1848. The Statute later became the constitution of the unified Kingdom of Italy and remained enforced, with changes, until 1948.

Charles Albert signs the Statute, 4 March 1848.

Contents

Notice of the proclamation of the Albertine Statute.

The Statute was proclaimed only because of concern at the revolutionary insurrection agitating Italy in 1848. At the time, Charles Albert was only following the example of other Italian rulers, but his Statute was the only constitution to survive the repression that followed the First War of Independence (1848–49). The Statute remained the basis of the legal system after Italian unification was achieved in 1860 and the Kingdom of Sardinia became the Kingdom of Italy. Even though it suffered deep modifications, especially during the fascist government of Benito Mussolini (who ruled with the tacit approval of King Victor Emmanuel III), the Statute lasted mostly unaltered in the structure until the implementation of the republican constitution in 1948, which superseded several primary features of the document, with specific regard to those of monarchical nature.

Preamble

The preamble of the Statute consists of an enacting formula that reaffirms the authority of the King, in the context of the unrest that was sweeping across Europe and the Kingdom, by stating:

CARLO ALBERTO, by the grace of God, KING OF SARDINIA, OF CYPRUS, AND OF JERUSALEM Etc., Etc., Etc.

With regal loyalty and fatherly love We come today to accomplish what We had announced to Our most beloved subjects with Our proclamation of the 8th of the February last, with which We wanted to demonstrate, in the midst of the extraordinary events which surround the country, how Our confidence in them increases with the gravity of the circumstances and, heeding only of the impulses of Our heart, how determined is Our intention to adapt their destiny to the spirit of the times, for the interest and for the dignity of the Nation.

Having considered the broad and strong representative institutions contained in the present Fundamental Statute to be the most certain means of redoubling with the links of indissoluble affection that bind to Our Italian Crown a People who have given Us so many proofs of faith, of obedience and of love, We have determined to sanction it and to promulgate it, in the faith that God will bless Our intentions, and that the free, strong and happy Nation will always show itself ever more worthy of its ancient fame and will deserve a glorious future. For this reason, by Our certain Royal authority, having had the opinion of Our Concil, We have ordered and We do order with the force of Statute and fundamental Law, perpetual and irrevocable from the Monarchy, that which follows:

The State (Articles 1–23)

The Statute starts by establishing Roman Catholicism as the sole state religion. Freedom of religion was granted for all existing forms of worship, in conformity with the law. The Kingdom of Italy was a representative monarchy, with an hereditary crown, in accordance with the Salic law, which effectively limited succession to male members of the royal family. Legislative power was exercised collectively by the King, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Executive power was vested in the King alone, who was declared to be "sacred and inviolable."

Among the powers of the King were the capacity to

  • declare war, as commander-in-chief of all the armed forces.
  • conclude treaties of peace, of alliance, of commerce and others. He was required to notify the Chambers of these treaties except in circumstances where vital state interests and national security concerns forbade it. However, treaties entailing either a financial burden or changes in the territories of the State had to be ratified by the Chambers.
  • appoint all state officials.
  • sign bills into law and promulgate them, as well as issue the decrees and regulations necessary for their execution.
  • propose new legislation, a power shared with the Chambers. However, taxation and appropriations bills were required to originate in the Chamber of Deputies.
  • annually convene the Chambers, prorogue them and dissolve the Chamber of Deputies, with the proviso that a new Chamber must be convened within four months of its dissolution.
  • grant clemency and commute sentences.

The King reached majority at the age of eighteen. During his minority, the prince most closely related to him in accordance with the order of succession served as regent to the throne and tutor of the King, taking this last duty from the Queen Mother after the King turned seven. If that prince was younger than 21, these duties passed to the next in line, until the King reached majority. In the absence of male relatives, the Queen Mother served as regent. If there was no Queen Mother, the ministers were required to convene the Chambers within ten days to name a regent. The same procedures applied in the event of physical incapacity of the reigning King, but if the crown prince was already of age, he automatically became regent.

The Statute established the economic benefits and privileges of the Crown and the members of the royal family, reaffirming also the King's ownership of His assets, which included royal palaces, villas and gardens, as well as all His personal properties. Of these assets the Statute mandated an inventory to be compiled and regularly updated by the responsible Minister.

During the coronation, the King was required to swear before both Chambers to act in accordance with the Statute, while the regent was required to swear loyalty to the King and the Statute.

The Rights and Duties of Citizens (Articles 24–32)

Celebrations in Turin for the proclamation of the Albertine Statute, in 1848.

The Statute declared all citizens equal before the law, with equal civil and political rights regardless of ranks and titles, and made all citizens eligible for civil and military offices, except for the restrictions provided by the law. All citizens were required to pay taxes in proportion to their possessions.

The Statute granted the rights of habeas corpus, guaranteeing personal liberty and inviolability of the residence. Nobody could be arrested or brought to trial, or have his home searched, except in those cases and in the manners prescribed by the law. All properties were inviolable. However, if public interest mandated it, citizens could be required to give up all or part of their property with due compensation and in accordance with the law.

Freedom of the press was granted, but the government was empowered to punish abuses of this freedom. Moreover, the Statute granted the Bishops the sole authority to grant permission to print bibles, catechisms, liturgical and prayer books. Citizens had the right to freely assemble, peacefully and unarmed (the right to keep and bear arms was not recognised), though the government could regulate this right in the interest of public welfare. However, assemblies in public places were still subjected to police regulation.

Taxes could not be levied or collected without the consent of the Chambers and the King. The public debt is guaranteed and every obligation of the State to its creditors had to be met.

The Senate (Articles 33–38)

Engraving of the Palace of the Supreme Magistrates in Turin, known also as Palace of the Senate of Savoy.

Senators were appointed by the King for life, and had to be at least 40 years old. The Statute gave a list of different categories among which senators were chosen, with different criteria and requirements for each category. The list included Archbishops and Bishops of the State; Presidents and members of the Chamber of Deputies; Ministers of the State; Ambassadors and Special Envoys; Presidents, Attorneys and Councillors of the Court of Cassation, the Court of Accounts or the Appeal Courts; Generals and Admirals; State Councillors; Members of the Royal Academy of Science and of the High Council of Public Education; and other citizens who have distinguished themselves through their services, achievements and contributions. The Royal Princes were members of the Senate by right from the age of 21 onward, with full voting rights after the age of 25, sitting immediately after the President.

The President and the Vice-President of the Senate were appointed by the King, while the Secretaries were chosen by the Senate. By Royal decree, the Senate could be empowered to sit as a High Court of Justice to judge crimes of high treason and other crimes against national security, and to judge ministers accused by the Chamber of Deputies. In these circumstances, the Senate did not constitute a political entity and had only focus on the judicial affairs for which it was convened.

No senator could be arrested without an order of the Senate, except when they were apprehended in flagrante delicto. The Senate had the sole authority to judge its members, and was also responsible for archiving royal births, marriages and deaths.

The Chamber of Deputies (Articles 39–47)

Engraving representing the Chambers of Deputies of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1852), in Carignano Palace, Turin.

The Chamber of Deputies was popularly elected, and was composed of members chosen from their constituencies in conformity with the law. Deputies were required to be Italian subjects, at least 30 years old, enjoy civil and political rights and fulfill all other requirements established by the law. Deputies were elected for at least five years, unless the Chamber was dissolved before then, and they represented the nation as a whole, with no binding mandate from their individual constituencies.

The Chamber of Deputies elected its own President, Vice-President and Secretaries at the beginning of each session for its entire duration. If a Deputy ceased, for whatever reason, to fulfill his functions, new elections were required to be held in his constituency as soon as possible.

No Deputy could be arrested while the Chamber is in session, except when apprehended in flagrante delicto, nor could he be brought before a court in a criminal proceeding without the prior consent of the Chamber. A Deputy could not be arrested for indebtedness while the Chamber was in session, nor during the three weeks immediately preceding and following a session.

The Chamber had the right to impeach the King's Ministers and bring them to trial before the High Court of Justice, which was the Senate.

Provisions Common to Both Chambers (Articles 48–64)

Engraving of Turin's Piazza Castello, with the Royal Palace in the center, Palazzo Madama in the front right, and Palazzo Chiablese back left.

The sessions of the Chambers were required to start and finish at the same time. Any meeting of one chamber convened while the other was out of session was illegal, and its proceedings were null and void.

Before taking office, Senators and Deputies took an oath to be loyal to the King, to loyally observe the Statute and the laws of the State, and to exercise their functions with the sole aim of the inseparable good of the King and of the nation.

Senators and deputies served without pay. They could not be held accountable for opinions expressed and votes given in the Chambers. Sittings of the Chambers were public, but they could deliberate in closed session when requested in written form by ten members.

An absolute majority of members of each chamber had to be present for the sitting to be legal. Deliberations were taken by majority vote. All bills had to be examined by the committees, and had to be approved article by article by both Chambers before being transmitted to the King for his approval. If a bill was rejected in either Chamber or vetoed by the King, it could not be reintroduced during the same session.

Every citizen over the age of 21 had the right to send petitions to the Chambers by way of the proper authorities. The petitions were then examined by the Chambers through their committees to determine if they were worthy of consideration. If they were considered worthy, they were sent to the responsible Minister or offices. The Senate and Chamber of Deputies could only hear from their own Members, the Ministers and the Government's Commissioners. Each Chamber had the sole authority to judge the validity and eligibility of its own members, and to establish its own internal rules regarding the exercise of its functions.

No one could be a Senator and a Deputy at the same time. Voting could be done by standing and sitting, by division into groups or by secret ballot, the last being mandatory while voting on a bill in its entirety, or on provisions personally concerning the Members.

Italian was defined as the working language of both chambers. However, members could use French if they represented areas in which it is used, or in response to the same.

The Ministers (Articles 65–67)

Memorial portrait of Carlo Alberto of Savoy with his right hand posed on the Statute, 1849

The King appointed and dismissed the Ministers. They could not vote in either Chamber unless they were members. They had the right of entrance to both Chambers and the right to speak upon request. Ministers were legally responsible for government acts, and all laws and acts had to be countersigned by a Minister in order to take effect.

Originally, while ministers were legally responsible to the Chambers, they were politically responsible to the King. However, as the power and prestige of the Chambers grew over the years, it became virtually impossible for a King to appoint a ministry entirely of his own choosing, or keep it in office against the express will of the Chambers. As a result, notwithstanding the provisions of the Statute, it became a well-established convention that ministers were both legally and politically responsible to the Chambers. By 1925, when Mussolini dropped all pretense of democracy, this convention was so firmly entrenched that a law had to be passed, which specifically stated that the Prime Minister was not responsible to the Chambers but solely to the King.

The Judiciary (Articles 68–73)

The King appointed all judges, who administered justice in his name. Except for cantonal judges, judges were irremovable after three years of service.

The Statute provided for the retention of all courts, tribunals, and judges that existed at the time it came into force. The judicial organization could only be altered by legislation. No one could be withdrawn from his ordinary legal jurisdiction. Consequently, no extraordinary tribunals or commissions could be created.

Proceedings of tribunals in civil matters and hearings in criminal matters were public, in conformity with the law. The courts did not exercise judicial review, as the interpretation of laws was the responsibility of the legislature.

General Provisions (Articles 74–81)

The law regulated the institutions of the Provinces and Comuni, as well as their districts. The law also regulated the military service and the communal militia. All laws contrary to the Statute were declared void.

The State retained the flag and the existing Orders of Knighthood, with their privileges in their own institutions, while the King could create new Orders and establish their statutes. Titles of nobility were maintained by those with a right to them, while the King could confer new ones. No one could receive decorations, titles, or pensions from a foreign power without the authorization of the King.

Transitory Provisions (Articles 82–84)

The Statute took effect on the day of the first meeting of the Chambers, which was required to take place immediately after the election. Until then, public service was provided by urgent and sovereign dispositions in the forms that were followed before the adoption of the Statute.

For the execution of the Statute, the King reserved the right to make laws on the press, on the elections, on the communal militia and the rearrangement of the State Council. Until the publication of the laws on the press, the previous laws remained in effect.

The Ministers were appointed and responsible for the execution and the full observance of the transitional dispositions.

  1. Mack Smith, Denis (1997). Modern Italy: A Political History. Yale University Press.
  2. "Lo Statuto Albertino"(PDF). The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.

Statuto Albertino
Statuto Albertino Language Watch Edit This article has multiple issues Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page Learn how and when to remove these template messages This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Statuto Albertino news newspapers books scholar JSTOR March 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message This article relies largely or entirely on a single source Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources Find sources Statuto Albertino news newspapers books scholar JSTOR March 2011 This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian May 2013 Click show for important translation instructions View a machine translated version of the Italian article Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate rather than simply copy pasting machine translated text into the English Wikipedia Consider adding a topic to this template there are already 2 251 articles in the main category and specifying topic will aid in categorization Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low quality If possible verify the text with references provided in the foreign language article You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at it Statuto Albertino see its history for attribution You should also add the template Translated it Statuto Albertino to the talk page For more guidance see Wikipedia Translation Learn how and when to remove this template message The Statuto Albertino English Albertine Statute was the constitution granted by King Charles Albert of Sardinia to the Kingdom of Sardinia on 4 March 1848 The Statute later became the constitution of the unified Kingdom of Italy and remained enforced with changes until 1948 1 Charles Albert signs the Statute 4 March 1848 Contents 1 Background 2 Provisions 2 1 Preamble 2 2 The State Articles 1 23 2 3 The Rights and Duties of Citizens Articles 24 32 2 4 The Senate Articles 33 38 2 5 The Chamber of Deputies Articles 39 47 2 6 Provisions Common to Both Chambers Articles 48 64 2 7 The Ministers Articles 65 67 2 8 The Judiciary Articles 68 73 2 9 General Provisions Articles 74 81 2 10 Transitory Provisions Articles 82 84 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksBackground Edit Notice of the proclamation of the Albertine Statute The Statute was proclaimed only because of concern at the revolutionary insurrection agitating Italy in 1848 At the time Charles Albert was only following the example of other Italian rulers but his Statute was the only constitution to survive the repression that followed the First War of Independence 1848 49 The Statute remained the basis of the legal system after Italian unification was achieved in 1860 and the Kingdom of Sardinia became the Kingdom of Italy Even though it suffered deep modifications especially during the fascist government of Benito Mussolini who ruled with the tacit approval of King Victor Emmanuel III the Statute lasted mostly unaltered in the structure until the implementation of the republican constitution in 1948 which superseded several primary features of the document with specific regard to those of monarchical nature Provisions EditPreamble Edit The preamble of the Statute consists of an enacting formula that reaffirms the authority of the King in the context of the unrest that was sweeping across Europe and the Kingdom by stating 2 CARLO ALBERTO by the grace of God KING OF SARDINIA OF CYPRUS AND OF JERUSALEM Etc Etc Etc With regal loyalty and fatherly love We come today to accomplish what We had announced to Our most beloved subjects with Our proclamation of the 8th of the February last with which We wanted to demonstrate in the midst of the extraordinary events which surround the country how Our confidence in them increases with the gravity of the circumstances and heeding only of the impulses of Our heart how determined is Our intention to adapt their destiny to the spirit of the times for the interest and for the dignity of the Nation Having considered the broad and strong representative institutions contained in the present Fundamental Statute to be the most certain means of redoubling with the links of indissoluble affection that bind to Our Italian Crown a People who have given Us so many proofs of faith of obedience and of love We have determined to sanction it and to promulgate it in the faith that God will bless Our intentions and that the free strong and happy Nation will always show itself ever more worthy of its ancient fame and will deserve a glorious future For this reason by Our certain Royal authority having had the opinion of Our Concil We have ordered and We do order with the force of Statute and fundamental Law perpetual and irrevocable from the Monarchy that which follows The State Articles 1 23 Edit Portrait of Carlo Alberto of Savoy The Statute starts by establishing Roman Catholicism as the sole state religion 2 Freedom of religion was granted for all existing forms of worship in conformity with the law The Kingdom of Italy was a representative monarchy with an hereditary crown in accordance with the Salic law which effectively limited succession to male members of the royal family Legislative power was exercised collectively by the King the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies Executive power was vested in the King alone who was declared to be sacred and inviolable Among the powers of the King were the capacity to declare war as commander in chief of all the armed forces conclude treaties of peace of alliance of commerce and others He was required to notify the Chambers of these treaties except in circumstances where vital state interests and national security concerns forbade it However treaties entailing either a financial burden or changes in the territories of the State had to be ratified by the Chambers appoint all state officials sign bills into law and promulgate them as well as issue the decrees and regulations necessary for their execution propose new legislation a power shared with the Chambers However taxation and appropriations bills were required to originate in the Chamber of Deputies annually convene the Chambers prorogue them and dissolve the Chamber of Deputies with the proviso that a new Chamber must be convened within four months of its dissolution grant clemency and commute sentences The King reached majority at the age of eighteen During his minority the prince most closely related to him in accordance with the order of succession served as regent to the throne and tutor of the King taking this last duty from the Queen Mother after the King turned seven If that prince was younger than 21 these duties passed to the next in line until the King reached majority In the absence of male relatives the Queen Mother served as regent If there was no Queen Mother the ministers were required to convene the Chambers within ten days to name a regent The same procedures applied in the event of physical incapacity of the reigning King but if the crown prince was already of age he automatically became regent The Statute established the economic benefits and privileges of the Crown and the members of the royal family reaffirming also the King s ownership of His assets which included royal palaces villas and gardens as well as all His personal properties Of these assets the Statute mandated an inventory to be compiled and regularly updated by the responsible Minister During the coronation the King was required to swear before both Chambers to act in accordance with the Statute while the regent was required to swear loyalty to the King and the Statute The Rights and Duties of Citizens Articles 24 32 Edit Celebrations in Turin for the proclamation of the Albertine Statute in 1848 The Statute declared all citizens equal before the law with equal civil and political rights regardless of ranks and titles and made all citizens eligible for civil and military offices except for the restrictions provided by the law All citizens were required to pay taxes in proportion to their possessions 2 The Statute granted the rights of habeas corpus guaranteeing personal liberty and inviolability of the residence Nobody could be arrested or brought to trial or have his home searched except in those cases and in the manners prescribed by the law All properties were inviolable However if public interest mandated it citizens could be required to give up all or part of their property with due compensation and in accordance with the law Freedom of the press was granted but the government was empowered to punish abuses of this freedom Moreover the Statute granted the Bishops the sole authority to grant permission to print bibles catechisms liturgical and prayer books Citizens had the right to freely assemble peacefully and unarmed the right to keep and bear arms was not recognised though the government could regulate this right in the interest of public welfare However assemblies in public places were still subjected to police regulation Taxes could not be levied or collected without the consent of the Chambers and the King The public debt is guaranteed and every obligation of the State to its creditors had to be met The Senate Articles 33 38 Edit Engraving of the Palace of the Supreme Magistrates in Turin known also as Palace of the Senate of Savoy Senators were appointed by the King for life and had to be at least 40 years old 2 The Statute gave a list of different categories among which senators were chosen with different criteria and requirements for each category The list included Archbishops and Bishops of the State Presidents and members of the Chamber of Deputies Ministers of the State Ambassadors and Special Envoys Presidents Attorneys and Councillors of the Court of Cassation the Court of Accounts or the Appeal Courts Generals and Admirals State Councillors Members of the Royal Academy of Science and of the High Council of Public Education and other citizens who have distinguished themselves through their services achievements and contributions The Royal Princes were members of the Senate by right from the age of 21 onward with full voting rights after the age of 25 sitting immediately after the President The President and the Vice President of the Senate were appointed by the King while the Secretaries were chosen by the Senate By Royal decree the Senate could be empowered to sit as a High Court of Justice to judge crimes of high treason and other crimes against national security and to judge ministers accused by the Chamber of Deputies In these circumstances the Senate did not constitute a political entity and had only focus on the judicial affairs for which it was convened No senator could be arrested without an order of the Senate except when they were apprehended in flagrante delicto The Senate had the sole authority to judge its members and was also responsible for archiving royal births marriages and deaths The Chamber of Deputies Articles 39 47 Edit Engraving representing the Chambers of Deputies of the Kingdom of Sardinia 1852 in Carignano Palace Turin The Chamber of Deputies was popularly elected and was composed of members chosen from their constituencies in conformity with the law 2 Deputies were required to be Italian subjects at least 30 years old enjoy civil and political rights and fulfill all other requirements established by the law Deputies were elected for at least five years unless the Chamber was dissolved before then and they represented the nation as a whole with no binding mandate from their individual constituencies The Chamber of Deputies elected its own President Vice President and Secretaries at the beginning of each session for its entire duration If a Deputy ceased for whatever reason to fulfill his functions new elections were required to be held in his constituency as soon as possible No Deputy could be arrested while the Chamber is in session except when apprehended in flagrante delicto nor could he be brought before a court in a criminal proceeding without the prior consent of the Chamber A Deputy could not be arrested for indebtedness while the Chamber was in session nor during the three weeks immediately preceding and following a session The Chamber had the right to impeach the King s Ministers and bring them to trial before the High Court of Justice which was the Senate Provisions Common to Both Chambers Articles 48 64 Edit Engraving of Turin s Piazza Castello with the Royal Palace in the center Palazzo Madama in the front right and Palazzo Chiablese back left The sessions of the Chambers were required to start and finish at the same time 2 Any meeting of one chamber convened while the other was out of session was illegal and its proceedings were null and void Before taking office Senators and Deputies took an oath to be loyal to the King to loyally observe the Statute and the laws of the State and to exercise their functions with the sole aim of the inseparable good of the King and of the nation Senators and deputies served without pay They could not be held accountable for opinions expressed and votes given in the Chambers Sittings of the Chambers were public but they could deliberate in closed session when requested in written form by ten members An absolute majority of members of each chamber had to be present for the sitting to be legal Deliberations were taken by majority vote All bills had to be examined by the committees and had to be approved article by article by both Chambers before being transmitted to the King for his approval If a bill was rejected in either Chamber or vetoed by the King it could not be reintroduced during the same session Every citizen over the age of 21 had the right to send petitions to the Chambers by way of the proper authorities The petitions were then examined by the Chambers through their committees to determine if they were worthy of consideration If they were considered worthy they were sent to the responsible Minister or offices The Senate and Chamber of Deputies could only hear from their own Members the Ministers and the Government s Commissioners Each Chamber had the sole authority to judge the validity and eligibility of its own members and to establish its own internal rules regarding the exercise of its functions No one could be a Senator and a Deputy at the same time Voting could be done by standing and sitting by division into groups or by secret ballot the last being mandatory while voting on a bill in its entirety or on provisions personally concerning the Members Italian was defined as the working language of both chambers However members could use French if they represented areas in which it is used or in response to the same The Ministers Articles 65 67 Edit Memorial portrait of Carlo Alberto of Savoy with his right hand posed on the Statute 1849 The King appointed and dismissed the Ministers 2 They could not vote in either Chamber unless they were members They had the right of entrance to both Chambers and the right to speak upon request Ministers were legally responsible for government acts and all laws and acts had to be countersigned by a Minister in order to take effect Originally while ministers were legally responsible to the Chambers they were politically responsible to the King However as the power and prestige of the Chambers grew over the years it became virtually impossible for a King to appoint a ministry entirely of his own choosing or keep it in office against the express will of the Chambers As a result notwithstanding the provisions of the Statute it became a well established convention that ministers were both legally and politically responsible to the Chambers By 1925 when Mussolini dropped all pretense of democracy this convention was so firmly entrenched that a law had to be passed which specifically stated that the Prime Minister was not responsible to the Chambers but solely to the King The Judiciary Articles 68 73 Edit The King appointed all judges who administered justice in his name 2 Except for cantonal judges judges were irremovable after three years of service The Statute provided for the retention of all courts tribunals and judges that existed at the time it came into force The judicial organization could only be altered by legislation No one could be withdrawn from his ordinary legal jurisdiction Consequently no extraordinary tribunals or commissions could be created Proceedings of tribunals in civil matters and hearings in criminal matters were public in conformity with the law The courts did not exercise judicial review as the interpretation of laws was the responsibility of the legislature General Provisions Articles 74 81 Edit The law regulated the institutions of the Provinces and Comuni as well as their districts 2 The law also regulated the military service and the communal militia All laws contrary to the Statute were declared void The State retained the flag and the existing Orders of Knighthood with their privileges in their own institutions while the King could create new Orders and establish their statutes Titles of nobility were maintained by those with a right to them while the King could confer new ones No one could receive decorations titles or pensions from a foreign power without the authorization of the King Transitory Provisions Articles 82 84 Edit The Statute took effect on the day of the first meeting of the Chambers which was required to take place immediately after the election 2 Until then public service was provided by urgent and sovereign dispositions in the forms that were followed before the adoption of the Statute For the execution of the Statute the King reserved the right to make laws on the press on the elections on the communal militia and the rearrangement of the State Council Until the publication of the laws on the press the previous laws remained in effect The Ministers were appointed and responsible for the execution and the full observance of the transitional dispositions See also EditConstitution of Italy Lateran TreatyReferences Edit Mack Smith Denis 1997 Modern Italy A Political History Yale University Press a b c d e f g h i j Lo Statuto Albertino PDF The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic External links EditText of the Statute in Italian Text of the Statute in English Text of the Statute annotated PDF translation Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Statuto Albertino amp oldid 1039407847, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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