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Statutory city (Czech Republic)

In the Czech Republic, a statutory city (Czech: statutární město) is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it.

Statutory city status is partially ceremonial; the mayor is called primátor, rather than the starosta of other municipalities. Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self-governing city boroughs (sg. městský obvod or city parts městská část) with their own elected councils; such a statutory city has to issue a statute (statut) that delimits power to boroughs. As of 2021 only seven statutory cities have done so. Cities Brno, Plzeň, Ústí nad Labem and Pardubice are divided into city boroughs, and Liberec has only one city borough with rest of the city being administered directly. Brno is divided into city parts, and Opava has eight city parts rest of the city being administered directly. Also the capital of Prague, while not being de iure statutory city, is subdivided into similar self-governing boroughs.

The model is derived from its common origin in Austria-Hungary. Until 1928, 11 cities in the Czech lands received the statutory city title: Prague, Liberec, Brno, Jihlava, Kroměříž, Olomouc, Uherské Hradiště, Znojmo, Opava, Frýdek, and Bielsko (which became a part of Poland in 1920). On 1 December 1928 their count was reduced to five (Prague, Liberec, Brno, Olomouc and Opava). In 1942 Plzeň became a statutory city.

Between 1949 and 1967, the institute of statutory cities was canceled by reform in self-government and the establishment of regions. Only Prague remained a de facto statutory city. After 1967, several cities received similar position as Prague (Brno, Plzeň, Ostrava and Ústí nad Labem), but the statutory city title wasn't used.

The concept was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990, which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague, the capital city which is still a de facto statutory city.

Unlike Austria, before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities (Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň) constituted a district (okres) on their own; the others were a part (though always a capital, except Havířov) of a district with smaller municipalities. As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew, 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000 and its four later amendments.

There are only two statutory cities, Havířov and Třinec, that are not seats of their eponymous districts.

Since August 2018, there are 26 statutory cities (plus Prague), comprising all the Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants (and Třinec):

Name Population Area (km²) Region Statutory city since
Prague 1,335,084 496 Prague "time immemorial"
Brno 382,405 230 South Moravian 1990
Ostrava 284,982 214 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Plzeň 175,219 138 Plzeň 1990
Liberec 104,261 106 Liberec 1990
Olomouc 100,514 103 Olomouc 1990
České Budějovice 94,229 56 South Bohemian 1990
Hradec Králové 92,683 106 Hradec Králové 1990
Ústí nad Labem 91,982 94 Ústí nad Labem 1990
Pardubice 91,755 78 Pardubice 1990
Zlín 74,478 119 Zlín 1990
Havířov 70,165 32 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Kladno 68,896 37 Central Bohemian 2000
Most 65,341 87 Ústí nad Labem 2000
Opava 55,996 91 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Frýdek-Místek 55,006 52 Moravian-Silesian 2006
Jihlava 51,125 88 Vysočina 2000
Karviná 50,902 57 Moravian-Silesian 2003
Teplice 49,705 24 Ústí nad Labem 2003
Chomutov 48,349 29 Ústí nad Labem 2006
Karlovy Vary 48,319 59 Karlovy Vary 1990
Děčín 47,951 118 Ústí nad Labem 2006
Jablonec nad Nisou 45,317 31 Liberec 2012
Mladá Boleslav 44,506 29 Central Bohemian 2003
Prostějov 43,381 39 Olomouc 2012
Přerov 42,451 58 Olomouc 2006
Třinec 34,778 85 Moravian-Silesian 2018

Statutory city (Czech Republic)
Statutory city Czech Republic Language Watch Edit In the Czech Republic a statutory city Czech statutarni mesto is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament It is more prestigious than the simple title mesto town which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it Prague Capital of the Czech Republic Brno Ostrava Plzen Contents 1 Differences of statutory city 2 History 3 List 4 ReferencesDifferences of statutory city EditStatutory city status is partially ceremonial the mayor is called primator rather than the starosta of other municipalities Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self governing city boroughs sg mestsky obvod or city parts mestska cast with their own elected councils such a statutory city has to issue a statute statut that delimits power to boroughs As of 2021 only seven statutory cities have done so Cities Brno Plzen Usti nad Labem and Pardubice are divided into city boroughs and Liberec has only one city borough with rest of the city being administered directly Brno is divided into city parts and Opava has eight city parts rest of the city being administered directly Also the capital of Prague while not being de iure statutory city is subdivided into similar self governing boroughs History EditThe model is derived from its common origin in Austria Hungary Until 1928 11 cities in the Czech lands received the statutory city title Prague Liberec Brno Jihlava Kromeriz Olomouc Uherske Hradiste Znojmo Opava Frydek and Bielsko which became a part of Poland in 1920 On 1 December 1928 their count was reduced to five Prague Liberec Brno Olomouc and Opava In 1942 Plzen became a statutory city 1 Between 1949 and 1967 the institute of statutory cities was canceled by reform in self government and the establishment of regions Only Prague remained a de facto statutory city After 1967 several cities received similar position as Prague Brno Plzen Ostrava and Usti nad Labem but the statutory city title wasn t used 1 The concept was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990 which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague the capital city which is still a de facto statutory city 1 Unlike Austria before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities Brno Ostrava and Plzen constituted a district okres on their own the others were a part though always a capital except Havirov of a district with smaller municipalities As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000 2 and its four later amendments There are only two statutory cities Havirov and Trinec that are not seats of their eponymous districts List EditSince August 2018 there are 26 statutory cities plus Prague comprising all the Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants and Trinec Name Population 3 Area km Region Statutory city since 1 Prague 1 335 084 496 Prague time immemorial Brno 382 405 230 South Moravian 1990 Ostrava 284 982 214 Moravian Silesian 1990 Plzen 175 219 138 Plzen 1990 Liberec 104 261 106 Liberec 1990 Olomouc 100 514 103 Olomouc 1990 Ceske Budejovice 94 229 56 South Bohemian 1990 Hradec Kralove 92 683 106 Hradec Kralove 1990 Usti nad Labem 91 982 94 Usti nad Labem 1990 Pardubice 91 755 78 Pardubice 1990 Zlin 74 478 119 Zlin 1990 Havirov 70 165 32 Moravian Silesian 1990 Kladno 68 896 37 Central Bohemian 2000 Most 65 341 87 Usti nad Labem 2000 Opava 55 996 91 Moravian Silesian 1990 Frydek Mistek 55 006 52 Moravian Silesian 2006 Jihlava 51 125 88 Vysocina 2000 Karvina 50 902 57 Moravian Silesian 2003 Teplice 49 705 24 Usti nad Labem 2003 Chomutov 48 349 29 Usti nad Labem 2006 Karlovy Vary 48 319 59 Karlovy Vary 1990 Decin 47 951 118 Usti nad Labem 2006 Jablonec nad Nisou 45 317 31 Liberec 2012 Mlada Boleslav 44 506 29 Central Bohemian 2003 Prostejov 43 381 39 Olomouc 2012 Prerov 42 451 58 Olomouc 2006 Trinec 34 778 85 Moravian Silesian 2018References Edit a b c d Analyzy Analyza rozsahu vykonu verejne spravy v jednotlivych statutarnich mestech mestskych castech a mestskych obvodech mvcr cz in Czech Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic 2018 pp 16 18 Act on Municipalities 2000 Predpis c 128 2000 Sb Zakon o obcich obecni zrizeni in Czech Population of Municipalities 1 January 2021 Czech Statistical Office 2021 04 30 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Statutory city Czech Republic amp oldid 1032433212, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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