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The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate.(January 2011) ()

A stay of proceedings is a ruling by the court in civil and criminal procedure that halts further legal process in a trial or other legal proceeding. The court can subsequently lift the stay and resume proceedings based on events taking place after the stay is ordered. However, a stay is sometimes used as a device to postpone proceedings indefinitely.

Contents

In civil procedure, stays of proceedings are governed by the Civil Procedure Rules. In criminal trials, they are governed by the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985.

Scope of power to order

Court have the power to stay:

  • the whole or part of any part of litigation before it
  • litigation permanently or temporarily
  • the proceedings pending some contingent event, such as conclusion of an appeal or a period allowed for mediation.

Inherent power

UK courts also maintain an inherent jurisdiction to manage legal proceedings before them, but it is rarely exercised. Stays of proceedings are usually made under case management powers, and may be ordered upon the application by one of the parties or by the court's own motion (the latter being infrequent).

A court may issue a stay in a winding-up upon the creation of an application for rescission, an order being made against a false or mistaken institution, the petition debt being paid in full, the pertaining institution ceasing to exist, or the prior existence of a winding-up order.

In bankruptcy, a case can be stayed if a certification for annulment exists or an individual voluntary arrangement is being negotiated.

When the parties agree to terms of settlement while litigation is on foot, they may file a Tomlin order to stay the proceedings. Once approved by the court, the proceedings are permanently stayed pending an application by one of the parties to enforce the terms of the settlement agreement.

Lifting of stays

When a stay of proceedings is lifted, the proceedings continue. Allowances are made for interference of the stay with any case management directions (which specify dates which the parties must take steps in the action), so that parties are not time prejudiced by the making or interference caused by the stay.

Examples of stays

In R v. Crawley and others [2014] EWCA Crim 1028 a stay was given. As part of the Conservative government's fiscal austerity policy, the Ministry of Justice decided to cut the fees paid to barristers for Very High Cost Cases (VHCC) by 30% in November 2013. Due to the amount of papers involved this case was classed as a VHCC by the Legal Aid Authority (LAA) who pay the defendant's costs, as free representation (legal aid, is required under the European Convention on Human Rights). Barristers in protest of the cuts refused the instructions to act on behalf of the defendants at the reduced fees and so no suitably qualified barristers could be found to represent the defendants. As the defendants would not be able to have a fair trial without suitable representation, which br in breach of their right to a fair trial under Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the case could not proceed and was stayed. An adjournment was found to be unlikely to resolve the case and excessive delay would contradict a further requirement of the ECHR (Article 6(1)), which requires the timely handling of the prosecution.

Stays of execution

Stays of execution have a similar effect in respect of execution of judgments. No step may be taken to enforce a judgment while a stay of execution remains in force.

According to the legal code, a stay of proceedings can be issued in a case "brought in any of the courts of the United States upon any issue referable to arbitration under an agreement in writing for such arbitration" when the ruling on the case is pending, can be stayed "until such arbitration has been had in accordance with the terms of the agreement, providing the applicant for the stay is not in default in proceeding with such arbitration". "The standard for stay determinations ostensibly includes four factors: (1) the likelihood of success on appeal; (2) the likelihood of irreparable harm pending appeal; (3) the balance of the hardships; and (4) the public interest.": 870

For example, in the 2010s, as federal and state judges struck down same-sex marriage bans across the country, many judges stayed the rulings during the appeals process. Although a state's ban was struck down, such as that of Louisiana, the stay prevented implementation of their ruling pending a higher court decision and so prevented same-sex couples from obtaining a marriage license.

Stay of proceedings Article Talk Language Watch Edit The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject You may improve this article discuss the issue on the talk page or create a new article as appropriate January 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message A stay of proceedings is a ruling by the court in civil and criminal procedure that halts further legal process in a trial or other legal proceeding 1 The court can subsequently lift the stay and resume proceedings based on events taking place after the stay is ordered However a stay is sometimes used as a device to postpone proceedings indefinitely Contents 1 United Kingdom 1 1 Scope of power to order 1 2 Inherent power 1 3 Lifting of stays 1 4 Examples of stays 1 5 Stays of execution 2 United States 3 See also 4 ReferencesUnited Kingdom EditIn civil procedure stays of proceedings are governed by the Civil Procedure Rules In criminal trials they are governed by the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 2 Scope of power to order Edit Court have the power to stay the whole or part of any part of litigation before it litigation permanently or temporarily the proceedings pending some contingent event such as conclusion of an appeal or a period allowed for mediation Inherent power Edit UK courts also maintain an inherent jurisdiction to manage legal proceedings before them 3 but it is rarely exercised Stays of proceedings are usually made under case management powers 4 and may be ordered upon the application by one of the parties or by the court s own motion the latter being infrequent A court may issue a stay in a winding up upon the creation of an application for rescission an order being made against a false or mistaken institution the petition debt being paid in full the pertaining institution ceasing to exist or the prior existence of a winding up order 5 In bankruptcy a case can be stayed if a certification for annulment exists or an individual voluntary arrangement is being negotiated 5 When the parties agree to terms of settlement while litigation is on foot they may file a Tomlin order to stay the proceedings Once approved by the court the proceedings are permanently stayed pending an application by one of the parties to enforce the terms of the settlement agreement Lifting of stays Edit When a stay of proceedings is lifted the proceedings continue Allowances are made for interference of the stay with any case management directions which specify dates which the parties must take steps in the action so that parties are not time prejudiced by the making or interference caused by the stay Examples of stays Edit In R v Crawley and others 2014 EWCA Crim 1028 6 a stay was given As part of the Conservative government s fiscal austerity policy the Ministry of Justice decided to cut the fees paid to barristers for Very High Cost Cases VHCC by 30 in November 2013 Due to the amount of papers involved this case was classed as a VHCC by the Legal Aid Authority LAA who pay the defendant s costs as free representation legal aid is required under the European Convention on Human Rights Barristers in protest of the cuts refused the instructions to act on behalf of the defendants at the reduced fees and so no suitably qualified barristers could be found to represent the defendants As the defendants would not be able to have a fair trial without suitable representation which br in breach of their right to a fair trial under Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights the case could not proceed and was stayed An adjournment was found to be unlikely to resolve the case and excessive delay would contradict a further requirement of the ECHR Article 6 1 which requires the timely handling of the prosecution Stays of execution Edit Stays of execution have a similar effect in respect of execution of judgments No step may be taken to enforce a judgment while a stay of execution remains in force United States EditAccording to the legal code a stay of proceedings can be issued in a case brought in any of the courts of the United States upon any issue referable to arbitration under an agreement in writing for such arbitration when the ruling on the case is pending can be stayed until such arbitration has been had in accordance with the terms of the agreement providing the applicant for the stay is not in default in proceeding with such arbitration 7 The standard for stay determinations ostensibly includes four factors 1 the likelihood of success on appeal 2 the likelihood of irreparable harm pending appeal 3 the balance of the hardships and 4 the public interest 8 870 For example in the 2010s as federal and state judges struck down same sex marriage bans across the country many judges stayed the rulings during the appeals process Although a state s ban was struck down such as that of Louisiana the stay prevented implementation of their ruling pending a higher court decision and so prevented same sex couples from obtaining a marriage license 9 See also EditContinuance Preliminary injunction Subpoena ad testificandum Subpoena duces tecumReferences Edit Hall Ellis Solicitors dictionary entry 1 ss 22 4 22A 22B China Export amp Credit Insurance Corporation v Emerald Energy Resources Ltd 2018 EWHC 1503 Comm 22 June 2018 para 61 CPR 3 1 2 f a b Stay of Proceedings Archived 2011 01 27 at the Wayback Machine Insolvency gov uk R v Crawley and others 2014 EWCA Crim 1028 judiciary gov uk Retrieved 18 August 2018 Cornell Law Title 9 Chapter 1 3 Pedro Portia 2018 06 01 Stays California Law Review 106 3 869 Politics News from The Advocate theadvocate com Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stay of proceedings amp oldid 1074615168, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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