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Stefan Wolpe

Stefan Wolpe (25 August 1902 – 4 April 1972) was a German composer. He escaped to Vienna separating from his wife and daughter. He married in Vienna in 1927 and again in 1934. Wolpe went to Palestine and moved in 1938 to the United States where he married for a third time.

Wolpe was born in Berlin. He attended the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory from the age of fourteen, and the Berlin Hochschule für Musik in 1920–21. He studied composition under Franz Schreker and was also a pupil of Ferruccio Busoni. He also studied at the Bauhaus circa 1923, and met some of the dadaists, setting Kurt Schwitters's poem An Anna Blume to music.

Stefan and Ola – Katharina Wolpe's parents in 1927

In 1928, Wolpe's first opera, Zeus und Elida, premiered in Berlin. This soon was followed by two more operas in 1929, Schöne Geschichten and Anna Blume. In 1927, he married the artist Ola Okuniewska from Czechoslavakia and their daughter, Katharina Wolpe was born in 1931 but the couple had separated. His wife escaped to London in 1938, but his daughter was a de facto orphan in Berne during the war.

The music Wolpe was writing between 1929 and 1933 was dissonant, using Arnold Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique. However, possibly influenced by Paul Hindemith's concept of Gebrauchsmusik (music that serves a social function), and as an avid socialist, he wrote a number of pieces for workers' unions and communist theatre groups. For these, he made his style more accessible, incorporating elements of jazz and popular music.

When the Nazis came to power in Germany, Wolpe, a Jew and a communist, fled the country, passing through Romania and Russia en route to Austria in 1933–34, where he met and studied with Anton Webern. He had left Germany with a Romanian pianist and he married Irma Schoenberg in Vienna. He later moved to Palestine in 1934–38, where he wrote simple songs for the kibbutzim. The music he was writing for concert performance, however, remained complex and atonal. Partly because of this, his teaching contract with the Palestine Conservatoire was not renewed for the 1938–39 school year.

In 1938, Wolpe moved to New York City. He briefly met his daughter in London in 1946. There, during the fifties, he associated with the abstract expressionist painters. He was introduced to them by his third wife, the poet Hilda Morley. From 1952 to 1956 he was director of music at Black Mountain College. On January 24, 1956, he was appointed to the faculty at the C.W. Post College of Long Island University in Brookville, New York. He also lectured at the summer schools in Darmstadt in Germany. His pupils included Jack Behrens, Herbert Brün, Morton Feldman, David Tudor, Matthew Greenbaum, John Carisi, M. William Karlins, Gil Evans, George Russell, Robert D. Levin, Boyd McDonald, Ralph Shapey and Netty Simons.

His works from this time sometimes used the twelve-tone technique, were sometimes diatonic, were sometimes based on the Arabic scales (such as maqam saba) he had heard in Palestine and sometimes employed some other method of tonal organisation.[citation needed]

Wolpe developed Parkinson's disease in 1964, and died in New York City in 1972.

Elliott Carter has said of Wolpe's music that, "he does everything wrong and it comes out right."

For a complete list of works, see Wolpe.org Works List.

Chamber works

  • Blues, large mixed ensemble
  • Chamber Piece No. 1, chamber orchestra
  • Chamber Piece No. 2, chamber orchestra
  • Duo fur Zwei Geigen, violin duo
  • From Here On Farther, mixed quartet
  • Musik zu Hamlet, flute, clarinet and violoncello
  • Piece For Oboe, Cello, Percussion, and Piano
  • Piece for Two Instrumental Units, large mixed ensemble
  • Piece in Three Parts for piano and sixteen instruments
  • Quartet for Trumpet, Tenor Saxophone, Percussion and Piano
  • Seven Pieces for Three Pianos
  • String Quartet
  • Three Short Canons, viola and violoncello
  • Three Studies from Music for Any Instruments, large mixed ensemble
  • Trio in Two Parts, flute, violoncello and piano

Orchestral works

  • Passacaglia for Large Orchestra
  • Symphony No. 1
  • Zwei Studien fur Grosses Orchester

Vocal works

  • An Anna Blume von Kurt Schwitters for piano and musical clown, high voice
  • Cantata, medium voice and ensemble
  • Decret No. 2 'An die Armee der Kunstler' , high voice
  • Drei Lieder nach Bertolt Brecht, medium voice
  • Drei Lieder nach Heinrich von Kleist, high voice
  • Four Pieces for Mixed Chorus
  • Fünf Lieder nach Friedrich Holderlin, medium or low voice
  • Fünf Vertonungen aus "Gitanjali" von Rabindranath Tagore, medium voice
  • Lieder mit Klavierbegleitung, various vocal ranges in one collection
  • Music for the Theater, medium voice
  • Psalm 64 and Isaiah Chapter 35, high voice
  • Quintet with Voice, low voice
  • Songs (1955–61), medium voice
  • Street Music, low voice and ensemble
  • Two Chinese Epitaphs, op. 25, mixed chorus
  • Yigdal Cantata, low voice/mixed chorus and ensemble
  • Zwei Lieder aus Gedichte von Berthold Viertel, medium voice

Piano works

  • Battle Piece (1942–1943, 1947)
  • Enactments for Three Pianos
  • Form (1959)
  • Klaviermusik 1920–1929
  • Leichte Klaviermusik aus Aller Welt: Israel
  • March and Variations for Two Pianos
  • Music for a Dancer
  • Music for Any Instruments, Vol. I
  • Piano Music 1939 – 1942
  • Sechs Klavierstucke (1920–1929), Vol. 1
  • Sechs Marche
  • Sonate Nr. 1 "Stehende Musik"
  • Toccata in Three Parts for Piano
  • Waltz for Merle

Opera

  • Schoene Geschichten
  • Zeus und Elida: A Musical Grotesque
  1. Hayward, James (liner notes): Bauhaus Reviewed, 1919–1933 (Norfolk, UK: LTM [Les Temps Modernes] Recordings, 2007.) LTM-CD 2472. ISBN 978-0-9554335-4-2.
  2. "Opera Composers: W" Opera Glass.
  3. "Katharina Wolpe obituary". The Guardian. 2013-02-22. Retrieved2020-06-19.
  4. Cohen, Brigid (2012). Stefan Wolpe and the Avant-Garde Diaspora. Cambridge University Press. pp. 183–186.
  5. Bianchi, Carlo (2015). "The Meaning(s) of Chaos a Semiosis of Stefan Wolpe's Battlepiece". Philomusica On-Line. 1 (14): 309–377.
  6. Schiff, David (1998). The Music of Elliott Carter, p.146. ISBN 978-0-8014-3612-3.
  • Stefan Wolpe: Das Ganze überdenken. Vorträge über Musik 1935–1962, edited by Thomas Phleps (Quellentexte zur Musik des 20. Jahrhunderts 7.1). Saarbrücken: PFAU-Verlag, 2002.
  • Thomas Phleps: "'An Anna Blume' – Ein vollchromatisiertes Liebesgedicht von Kurt Schwitters und Stefan Wolpe". In: Zwischen Aufklärung & Kulturindustrie. Festschrift für Georg Knepler zum 85. Geburtstag. Vol. I: Musik/Geschichte, edited by Hanns-Werner Heister, Karin Heister-Grech, and Gerhart Scheit, 157–77. Hamburg: von Bockel 1993.
  • Thomas Phleps: "Stefan Wolpe – Von Dada, Anna & anderem". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 155 (1994) no. 3: pp. 22–26.
  • Thomas Phleps: "Stefan Wolpes 'Stehende Musik'". Dissonanz/Dissonance no. 41 (August 1994), pp. 9–14.
  • Thomas Phleps: "Stefan Wolpe – Drei kleinere Canons in der Umkehrung zweier 12tönig correspondierender Hexachorde für Viola und Violoncello op. 24a". In: Klassizistische Moderne. Eine Begleitpublikation zur Konzertreihe im Rahmen der Veranstaltungen "10 Jahre Paul Sacher Stiftung", edited by Felix Meyer. pp. 143–44. Winterthur: Amadeus, 1996.
  • Thomas Phleps: "Wo es der Musik die Sprache verschlägt... – "Zeus und Elida" und "Schöne Geschichten" von Stefan Wolpe". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 158 (1997) no. 6, pp. 48–51.
  • Thomas Phleps: "'Outsider im besten Sinne des Wortes': Stefan Wolpes Einblicke ins Komponieren in Darmstadt und anderswo". In Stefan Wolpe: Das Ganze überdenken. Vorträge über Musik 1935–1962, edited by Thomas Phleps, pp. 7–19. (Quellentexte zur Musik des 20. Jahrhunderts Bd. 7.1). Saarbrücken: PFAU-Verlag, 2002.
  • Thomas Phleps: "Music Contents and Speech Contents in the Political Compositions of Eisler, Wolpe, and Vladimir Vogel". In: On the Music of Stefan Wolpe: Essays and Recollections, edited by Austin Clarkson, pp. 59–73. (Dimension & Diversity Series 6). Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 2003.
  • Brigid Cohen: Stefan Wolpe and the Avant-Garde Diaspora. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Nora Born: Stefan Wolpe, in the Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS-Zeit, Claudia Maurer Zenck, Peter Petersen (ed.), Hamburg: Universität Hamburg, 2012 (https://www.lexm.uni-hamburg.de/object/lexm_lexmperson_00002691).

Listening

Stefan Wolpe
Stefan Wolpe Language Watch Edit Stefan Wolpe 25 August 1902 4 April 1972 was a German composer He escaped to Vienna separating from his wife and daughter He married in Vienna in 1927 and again in 1934 Wolpe went to Palestine and moved in 1938 to the United States where he married for a third time A photo of Stefen Wolpe Contents 1 Life 2 Music 2 1 Chamber works 2 2 Orchestral works 2 3 Vocal works 2 4 Piano works 2 5 Opera 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links 5 1 ListeningLife EditWolpe was born in Berlin He attended the Klindworth Scharwenka Conservatory from the age of fourteen and the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik in 1920 21 He studied composition under Franz Schreker and was also a pupil of Ferruccio Busoni He also studied at the Bauhaus circa 1923 1 and met some of the dadaists setting Kurt Schwitters s poem An Anna Blume to music Stefan and Ola Katharina Wolpe s parents in 1927 In 1928 Wolpe s first opera Zeus und Elida premiered in Berlin This soon was followed by two more operas in 1929 Schone Geschichten and Anna Blume 2 In 1927 he married the artist Ola Okuniewska from Czechoslavakia and their daughter Katharina Wolpe was born in 1931 but the couple had separated His wife escaped to London in 1938 but his daughter was a de facto orphan in Berne during the war 3 The music Wolpe was writing between 1929 and 1933 was dissonant using Arnold Schoenberg s twelve tone technique However possibly influenced by Paul Hindemith s concept of Gebrauchsmusik music that serves a social function and as an avid socialist he wrote a number of pieces for workers unions and communist theatre groups For these he made his style more accessible incorporating elements of jazz and popular music When the Nazis came to power in Germany Wolpe a Jew and a communist fled the country passing through Romania and Russia en route to Austria in 1933 34 where he met and studied with Anton Webern He had left Germany with a Romanian pianist and he married Irma Schoenberg in Vienna He later moved to Palestine in 1934 38 where he wrote simple songs for the kibbutzim The music he was writing for concert performance however remained complex and atonal Partly because of this his teaching contract with the Palestine Conservatoire was not renewed for the 1938 39 school year 4 In 1938 Wolpe moved to New York City 5 He briefly met his daughter in London in 1946 3 There during the fifties he associated with the abstract expressionist painters He was introduced to them by his third wife the poet Hilda Morley From 1952 to 1956 he was director of music at Black Mountain College On January 24 1956 he was appointed to the faculty at the C W Post College of Long Island University in Brookville New York He also lectured at the summer schools in Darmstadt in Germany His pupils included Jack Behrens Herbert Brun Morton Feldman David Tudor Matthew Greenbaum John Carisi M William Karlins Gil Evans George Russell Robert D Levin Boyd McDonald Ralph Shapey and Netty Simons His works from this time sometimes used the twelve tone technique were sometimes diatonic were sometimes based on the Arabic scales such as maqam saba he had heard in Palestine and sometimes employed some other method of tonal organisation citation needed Wolpe developed Parkinson s disease in 1964 and died in New York City in 1972 Music EditElliott Carter has said of Wolpe s music that he does everything wrong and it comes out right 6 For a complete list of works see Wolpe org Works List Chamber works Edit Blues large mixed ensemble Chamber Piece No 1 chamber orchestra Chamber Piece No 2 chamber orchestra Duo fur Zwei Geigen violin duo From Here On Farther mixed quartet Musik zu Hamlet flute clarinet and violoncello Piece For Oboe Cello Percussion and Piano Piece for Two Instrumental Units large mixed ensemble Piece in Three Parts for piano and sixteen instruments Quartet for Trumpet Tenor Saxophone Percussion and Piano Seven Pieces for Three Pianos String Quartet Three Short Canons viola and violoncello Three Studies from Music for Any Instruments large mixed ensemble Trio in Two Parts flute violoncello and pianoOrchestral works Edit Passacaglia for Large Orchestra Symphony No 1 Zwei Studien fur Grosses OrchesterVocal works Edit An Anna Blume von Kurt Schwitters for piano and musical clown high voice Cantata medium voice and ensemble Decret No 2 An die Armee der Kunstler high voice Drei Lieder nach Bertolt Brecht medium voice Drei Lieder nach Heinrich von Kleist high voice Four Pieces for Mixed Chorus Funf Lieder nach Friedrich Holderlin medium or low voice Funf Vertonungen aus Gitanjali von Rabindranath Tagore medium voice Lieder mit Klavierbegleitung various vocal ranges in one collection Music for the Theater medium voice Psalm 64 and Isaiah Chapter 35 high voice Quintet with Voice low voice Songs 1955 61 medium voice Street Music low voice and ensemble Two Chinese Epitaphs op 25 mixed chorus Yigdal Cantata low voice mixed chorus and ensemble Zwei Lieder aus Gedichte von Berthold Viertel medium voicePiano works Edit Battle Piece 1942 1943 1947 Enactments for Three Pianos Form 1959 Klaviermusik 1920 1929 Leichte Klaviermusik aus Aller Welt Israel March and Variations for Two Pianos Music for a Dancer Music for Any Instruments Vol I Piano Music 1939 1942 Sechs Klavierstucke 1920 1929 Vol 1 Sechs Marche Sonate Nr 1 Stehende Musik Toccata in Three Parts for Piano Waltz for MerleOpera Edit Schoene Geschichten Zeus und Elida A Musical GrotesqueReferences Edit Hayward James liner notes Bauhaus Reviewed 1919 1933 Norfolk UK LTM Les Temps Modernes Recordings 2007 LTM CD 2472 ISBN 978 0 9554335 4 2 Opera Composers W Opera Glass a b Katharina Wolpe obituary The Guardian 2013 02 22 Retrieved 2020 06 19 Cohen Brigid 2012 Stefan Wolpe and the Avant Garde Diaspora Cambridge University Press pp 183 186 Bianchi Carlo 2015 The Meaning s of Chaos a Semiosis of Stefan Wolpe s Battlepiece Philomusica On Line 1 14 309 377 Schiff David 1998 The Music of Elliott Carter p 146 ISBN 978 0 8014 3612 3 Further reading EditStefan Wolpe Das Ganze uberdenken Vortrage uber Musik 1935 1962 edited by Thomas Phleps Quellentexte zur Musik des 20 Jahrhunderts 7 1 Saarbrucken PFAU Verlag 2002 Thomas Phleps An Anna Blume Ein vollchromatisiertes Liebesgedicht von Kurt Schwitters und Stefan Wolpe In Zwischen Aufklarung amp Kulturindustrie Festschrift fur Georg Knepler zum 85 Geburtstag Vol I Musik Geschichte edited by Hanns Werner Heister Karin Heister Grech and Gerhart Scheit 157 77 Hamburg von Bockel 1993 Thomas Phleps Stefan Wolpe Von Dada Anna amp anderem Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik 155 1994 no 3 pp 22 26 Thomas Phleps Stefan Wolpes Stehende Musik Dissonanz Dissonance no 41 August 1994 pp 9 14 Thomas Phleps Stefan Wolpe Drei kleinere Canons in der Umkehrung zweier 12tonig correspondierender Hexachorde fur Viola und Violoncello op 24a In Klassizistische Moderne Eine Begleitpublikation zur Konzertreihe im Rahmen der Veranstaltungen 10 Jahre Paul Sacher Stiftung edited by Felix Meyer pp 143 44 Winterthur Amadeus 1996 Thomas Phleps Wo es der Musik die Sprache verschlagt Zeus und Elida und Schone Geschichten von Stefan Wolpe Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik 158 1997 no 6 pp 48 51 Thomas Phleps Outsider im besten Sinne des Wortes Stefan Wolpes Einblicke ins Komponieren in Darmstadt und anderswo In Stefan Wolpe Das Ganze uberdenken Vortrage uber Musik 1935 1962 edited by Thomas Phleps pp 7 19 Quellentexte zur Musik des 20 Jahrhunderts Bd 7 1 Saarbrucken PFAU Verlag 2002 Thomas Phleps Music Contents and Speech Contents in the Political Compositions of Eisler Wolpe and Vladimir Vogel In On the Music of Stefan Wolpe Essays and Recollections edited by Austin Clarkson pp 59 73 Dimension amp Diversity Series 6 Hillsdale NY Pendragon Press 2003 Brigid Cohen Stefan Wolpe and the Avant Garde Diaspora New York Cambridge University Press 2012 Nora Born Stefan Wolpe in the Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS Zeit Claudia Maurer Zenck Peter Petersen ed Hamburg Universitat Hamburg 2012 https www lexm uni hamburg de object lexm lexmperson 00002691 External links EditThe Stefan Wolpe Society Peermusic Classical Stefan Wolpe Composer s Publisher and Biography Discography Thomas Phleps Stefan Wolpe Eine Einfuhrung Thomas Phleps Stefan Wolpes politische Musik Thomas Phleps Schone Geschichten und Zeus und Elida Zwei Opern von Stefan Wolpe Literature by and about Stefan Wolpe in the German National Library catalogue Stefan Wolpe Recollections of Stefan Wolpe by former students and friends Edited by Austin Clarkson Carol Baron research files on Stefan Wolpe 1933 1976 2009 Music Division The New York Public Library Recollections of Stefan Wolpe by M William Karlins August 17 1992Listening Edit Starr Auditorium Tate Modern The Music of Stefan Wolpe The evening s performers were pianist Nicolas Hodges and violinist Mieko Kanno Leading Wolpe scholar Austin Clarkson and concert pianist Katharina Wolpe the composer s daughter took part in the discussion Art of the States Stefan Wolpe three works by the composer Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stefan Wolpe amp oldid 1048304068, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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