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Steinvikholm Castle

Steinvikholm Castle (Steinvikholm slott) is an island fortress on the Skatval peninsula near Stjørdal in Trøndelag county, Norway. The castle was built over seven years, from 1525 to 1532, by Norway's last Roman Catholic Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson. Steinvikholm castle became a powerful fortification by the time it was built, and it is the largest construction raised in the Norwegian middle age.

Steinvikholm Castle
Skatval, Trøndelag, Norway
Coordinates63°32′37″N10°48′47″E /63.54361°N 10.81306°E /63.54361; 10.81306Coordinates: 63°32′37″N10°48′47″E /63.54361°N 10.81306°E /63.54361; 10.81306
TypeStar fort
Site information
Controlled byNorway (1524-1537)
Denmark-Norway (1537-1814)
Norway (1814-1940)
Nazi Germany (1940-1945)
Norway (1945-present)
Website[1]
Site history
Built1524-32
In use1532-1575
Battles/warsSiege of Steinvikholm (1537)
Northern Seven Years' War
Steinvikholm Castle (Steinvikholm slott)
First story floor plan of the Steinvikholm

Contents

Steinvikholm on Skatval
Topographic plan of Steinvikholm from 1875

The castle occupies about half of the land on the rocky island. The absence of a spring meant that fresh water had to be brought from the mainland. A wooden bridge served as the only way to the island other than boat. Although the castle design was common across Europe in 1525, its medieval design was becoming obsolete because of the improved siege firepower offered by gunpowder and cannons.

The castle was constructed at the instruction of Olav Engelbrektsson (c. 1480– 1538), Archbishop of the Diocese of Nidaros. Construction started after his return from a meeting with the Pope in Rome, presumably in anticipation of impending military-religious conflict. As Archbishop Engelbrektsson's resistance to the encroachment of Danish rule escalated, first with King Frederick I of Denmark and his successor King Christian III of Denmark, Steinvikholm Castle and Nidarholm Abbey became the Roman Catholic Church's military strongholds in Norway. In April 1537, the Danish-Norwegian Reformation succeeded in driving the archbishop from the castle into exile at Lier in the Netherlands (now in Belgium), where he died on 7 February 1538. At the castle the archbishop left behind St. Olav's shrine and other treasures from Nidaros Cathedral (Trondheim). The original coffin containing St. Olav's body remained at Steinvikholm until it was returned to Nidaros Cathedral in 1564. Since 1568, the site of St. Olav's grave in Nidaros has been unknown.

From the 17th to 19th century, the island was used as a quarry and some of its masonry was sold and removed from the site. This activity was condoned by the Danish-Norwegian authorities as a way of eliminating a monument to the opposition of the Danish–Norwegian Union.

Steinvikholm fort is owned and operated today by the Society for the Preservation of Norwegian Ancient Monuments (Fortidsminneforeningen).

The island has been the site of the midnight opera, Olav Engelbrektsson, which details the life and struggles of the archbishop. The opera is held in August annually with libretto by Edvard Hoem and music by Henning Sommerro. The opera has been organized by Steinvikholm Musikkteater (now Opera Trøndelag) since the beginning in 1993.

  • Steinvikholmen fort

  • Bridge to Steinvikholm

  • Site of the opera of Olav Engelbrektsson

  1. Olav Engelbrekktson (University of Norway Documentation)
  2. Auran, Per Agnar (2007). Skatval. Vår historiske arv. Skatval Historielag. pp. bind 5, 433.
  3. Leirfall, Jon (1969). Steinvikholm - borgen og byggherren. Steinvikholms venner. p. 10.
  4. "Steinvikholm slott". Fortidsminneforeningen. RetrievedNovember 1, 2017.
  5. Steinvikholm slott (Norsk institutt for kulturminneforskning)
  6. Olav Engelbrekktson (University of Norway Documentation)
  7. Olav Engelbrektsson Opera Trøndelag
  • Hoem, Edvard (2006) Kom fram, fryste! (Oslo: Aschehoug Agency Publishers)
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSteinvikholm slott.

Steinvikholm Castle
Steinvikholm Castle Language Watch Edit Steinvikholm Castle Steinvikholm slott is an island fortress on the Skatval peninsula near Stjordal in Trondelag county Norway The castle was built over seven years from 1525 to 1532 by Norway s last Roman Catholic Archbishop Olav Engelbrektsson 1 Steinvikholm castle became a powerful fortification by the time it was built and it is the largest construction raised in the Norwegian middle age 2 3 Steinvikholm CastleSkatval Trondelag NorwayCoordinates63 32 37 N 10 48 47 E 63 54361 N 10 81306 E 63 54361 10 81306 Coordinates 63 32 37 N 10 48 47 E 63 54361 N 10 81306 E 63 54361 10 81306TypeStar fortSite informationControlled byNorway 1524 1537 Denmark Norway 1537 1814 Norway 1814 1940 Nazi Germany 1940 1945 Norway 1945 present Website 1 Site historyBuilt1524 32In use1532 1575Battles warsSiege of Steinvikholm 1537 Northern Seven Years War Steinvikholm Castle Steinvikholm slott First story floor plan of the Steinvikholm Contents 1 Castle 2 History 3 Modern usage 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 Other sources 8 External linksCastle Edit Steinvikholm on Skatval Topographic plan of Steinvikholm from 1875 The castle occupies about half of the land on the rocky island The absence of a spring meant that fresh water had to be brought from the mainland A wooden bridge served as the only way to the island other than boat Although the castle design was common across Europe in 1525 its medieval design was becoming obsolete because of the improved siege firepower offered by gunpowder and cannons 4 History EditThe castle was constructed at the instruction of Olav Engelbrektsson c 1480 1538 Archbishop of the Diocese of Nidaros Construction started after his return from a meeting with the Pope in Rome presumably in anticipation of impending military religious conflict 5 As Archbishop Engelbrektsson s resistance to the encroachment of Danish rule escalated first with King Frederick I of Denmark and his successor King Christian III of Denmark Steinvikholm Castle and Nidarholm Abbey became the Roman Catholic Church s military strongholds in Norway In April 1537 the Danish Norwegian Reformation succeeded in driving the archbishop from the castle into exile at Lier in the Netherlands now in Belgium where he died on 7 February 1538 At the castle the archbishop left behind St Olav s shrine and other treasures from Nidaros Cathedral Trondheim The original coffin containing St Olav s body remained at Steinvikholm until it was returned to Nidaros Cathedral in 1564 Since 1568 the site of St Olav s grave in Nidaros has been unknown 6 From the 17th to 19th century the island was used as a quarry and some of its masonry was sold and removed from the site This activity was condoned by the Danish Norwegian authorities as a way of eliminating a monument to the opposition of the Danish Norwegian Union Modern usage EditSteinvikholm fort is owned and operated today by the Society for the Preservation of Norwegian Ancient Monuments Fortidsminneforeningen The island has been the site of the midnight opera Olav Engelbrektsson which details the life and struggles of the archbishop The opera is held in August annually with libretto by Edvard Hoem and music by Henning Sommerro The opera has been organized by Steinvikholm Musikkteater now Opera Trondelag since the beginning in 1993 7 Gallery Edit Steinvikholmen fort Bridge to Steinvikholm Site of the opera of Olav EngelbrektssonSee also EditReligion in Norway Siege of Steinvikholm 1537 References Edit Olav Engelbrekktson University of Norway Documentation Auran Per Agnar 2007 Skatval Var historiske arv Skatval Historielag pp bind 5 433 Leirfall Jon 1969 Steinvikholm borgen og byggherren Steinvikholms venner p 10 Steinvikholm slott Fortidsminneforeningen Retrieved November 1 2017 Steinvikholm slott Norsk institutt for kulturminneforskning Olav Engelbrekktson University of Norway Documentation Olav Engelbrektsson Opera TrondelagOther sources EditHoem Edvard 2006 Kom fram fryste Oslo Aschehoug Agency Publishers External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Steinvikholm slott Olav Engelbrektsson Midnight Opera Fortidsminneforeningen website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Steinvikholm Castle amp oldid 1053091043, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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