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Stellenbosch

This article is about the city. For the university, see Stellenbosch University. For the municipality, see Stellenbosch Local Municipality.

Stellenbosch (; Afrikaans: ) is a city in the Western Cape province of South Africa, situated about 50 kilometres (31 miles) east of Cape Town, along the banks of the Eerste River at the foot of the Stellenbosch Mountain. It is the second oldest settlement in the province, after Cape Town.[citation needed] The city became known as the City of Oaks or Eikestad in Afrikaans and Dutch due to the large number of oak trees that were planted by its founder, Simon van der Stel, to grace the streets and homesteads.

Stellenbosch
Eikestad
From top, Stellenbosch, South Africa's second-oldest urban area (town), with Great Drakenstein and Stellenbosch Mountains beyond. Ou Hoofgebou, the administrative building for the University of Stellenbosch (centre left). Stellenbosch Town Hall (centre right). Voorgelegen, a historic building in the town centre (bottom left). The old VOC Power Magazine (bottom right).
Nickname(s):
Eikestad ("City of Oaks")
Stellenbosch
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Stellenbosch
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Coordinates:33°56′12″S18°51′41″E /33.93667°S 18.86139°E /-33.93667; 18.86139Coordinates: 33°56′12″S18°51′41″E /33.93667°S 18.86139°E /-33.93667; 18.86139
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
DistrictCape Winelands
MunicipalityStellenbosch
Established1679
Area
• Total10.12 km2 (3.91 sq mi)
Elevation
136 m (446 ft)
Population
(2011)
• Total21,799
• Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
White66.6%
Coloured15.8%
Black African15.0%
Indian/Asian0.9%
• Other1.7%
First languages (2011)
Afrikaans70.4%
English20.8%
Xhosa1.8%
• Other7.0%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
7600
PO box
7599
Area code021

Stellenbosch has its own municipality (incorporating the neighbouring towns of Pniel and Franschhoek), adjoining the metropolitan area of the City of Cape Town. The town is home to Stellenbosch University. Technopark is a modern science park situated on the southern side of the city near the Stellenbosch Golf Course.[citation needed]

Contents

Paleolithic biface from Stellenbosch

In 1899 Louis Péringuey discovered Paleolithic stone tools of the Acheulean type at a site named Bosman's Crossing near the Adam Tas Bridge at the western entrance to Stellenbosch.

Typical Cape Dutch style house in Stellenbosch

The city was founded in 1679 by the Governor of the Cape Colony, Simon van der Stel, who named it after himself – Stellenbosch means "(van der) Stel's Bush". It is situated on the banks of the Eerste River ("First River"), so named as it was the first new river he reached and followed when he went on an expedition over the Cape Flats to explore the territory towards what is now known as Stellenbosch. The city grew so quickly that it became an independent local authority in 1682 and the seat of a magistrate with jurisdiction over 25,000 square kilometers (9,700 sq mi) in 1685.

The Dutch were skilled in hydraulic engineering and they devised a system of furrows to direct water from the Eerste River in the vicinity of Thibault Street through the city along van Riebeeck Street to Mill Street where a mill was erected. Early visitors commented on the oak trees and gardens.

During 1690 some Huguenot refugees settled in Stellenbosch, grapes were planted in the fertile valleys around Stellenbosch and soon it became the centre of the South African wine industry.

In 1710 a fire destroyed most of the city, including the first church, all the Company property and twelve houses. Only two or three houses were left standing. When the church was rebuilt in 1723 it was located on what was then the outskirts of the city, to prevent any similar incident from destroying it again. This church was enlarged a number of times since 1723 and is currently known as the "Moederkerk" (Mother Church).

The first school had been opened in 1683, but education in the city began in earnest in 1859 with the opening of a seminary for the Dutch Reformed Church. Rhenish Girls' High School, established in 1860, is the oldest school for girls in South Africa. A gymnasium, known as het Stellenbossche Gymnasium, was established in 1866. In 1874 some higher classes became Victoria College and then in 1918 University of Stellenbosch. The first men's hostel to be established in Stellenbosch was Wilgenhof, in 1903. In 1905 the first women's hostel to be established in Stellenbosch was Harmonie [1]. Harmonie and Wilgenhof were part of the Victoria College. In 1909 an old boy of the school, Paul Roos, captain of the first national rugby team to be called the Springboks, was invited to become the sixth rector of the school. He remained rector until 1940. On his retirement the school's name was changed to Paul Roos Gymnasium.

In the early days of the Second Boer War (1899–1902) Stellenbosch was one of the British military bases, and was used as a "remount" camp; and in consequence of officers who had not distinguished themselves at the front being sent back to it, the expression "to be Stellenbosched" came into use; so much so, that in similar cases officers were spoken of as "Stellenbosched" even if they were sent to some other place.[citation needed]

At the time of the 2011 census, the population of the urban area of Stellenbosch was 77,476 people in 23,730 households, in an area of 20.9 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi). A total of 50% of the residents spoke Afrikaans as their home language, 28% spoke isiXhosa, and 8% spoke English. (10% of the residents, principally those in student residences, were not asked their language.) 37% of the population identified themselves as "Black African", 35% as "Coloured", and 26% as "White".

The Stellenbosch Municipality extends beyond the city of Stellenbosch itself to include rural areas, villages, and the town of Franschhoek. At the time of 2011 census the municipal population was 155,728, while by 2016 it was estimated to be 173,197. In 2017, the municipality estimated that the population in 2018 would increase to 176,523

Stellenbosch's eastern suburbs in the winter months. In the background are the snowcapped Jonkershoek Mountains, with the prominent peak "The Twins" (elevation of 1,494 m (4,902 ft)) visible.

Stellenbosch is 53 km (33 mi) east of Cape Town via National Route N1. Stellenbosch is in a hilly region of the Cape Winelands, and is sheltered in a valley at an average elevation of 136 m (446 ft), flanked on the west by Papegaaiberg (Afrikaans: Parrot Mountain), which is actually a hill.[citation needed] To the south is Stellenbosch Mountain; to the east and southeast are the Jonkershoek, Drakenstein, and Simonsberg mountains.[citation needed] Die Tweeling Pieke (Afrikaans: The Twin Peaks) has an elevation of 1,494 m (4,902 ft); the highest point is Victoria Peak 1,590 m (5,220 ft). Jonkershoek Nature Reserve lies about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Stellenbosch, and the Helderberg Nature Reserve is about 23 km (14 mi) south via provincial route R44.[citation needed] Just south of the Helderberg Nature Reserve is Strand, a seaside resort town.[citation needed] The soils of Stellenbosch range from dark alluvium to clay.[citation needed] This, combined with the well-drained, hilly terrain and Mediterranean climate, prove excellent for viticulture.[citation needed] Summers are dry and warm to hot, with some February and March days rising to over 40 °C (104 °F).[citation needed] Winters are cool, rainy and sometimes quite windy, with daytime temperatures averaging 16 °C (61 °F).[citation needed] Snow is usually seen a couple of times in winter on the surrounding mountains.[citation needed] Spring and autumn are colder seasons, when daytime temperatures hover in the 20s.[citation needed]

Climate data for Stellenbosch, Western Cape
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
26.6
(79.9)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.8
(62.2)
13.8
(56.8)
15.3
(59.5)
17.2
(63.0)
21.6
(70.9)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
21.1
(70.0)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
14.5
(58.1)
11.5
(52.7)
10.8
(51.4)
6.9
(44.4)
4.3
(39.7)
3.5
(38.3)
5.9
(42.6)
8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
12
(54)
13.6
(56.5)
9.7
(49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17
(0.7)
28
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
76
(3.0)
120
(4.7)
130
(5.1)
113
(4.4)
116
(4.6)
62
(2.4)
55
(2.2)
36
(1.4)
20
(0.8)
802
(31.5)
Source: Stellenbosch climate

Stellenbosch is a warm weather training venue for cyclists, track and field squads, and triathletes. The Stellenbosch Sports Academy opened its doors in 2012 and hosts several rugby teams on a permanent basis, such as the Springbok Sevens and Western Province.[citation needed]

Vineyards on the outskirts of Stellenbosch, with Helderberg in the background

The Stellenbosch, Paarl and Franschhoek valleys form the Cape Winelands, the larger of the two main wine growing regions in South Africa. The South African wine industry produces about 1,000,000,000 litres of wine annually. Stellenbosch is the primary location for viticulture and viticulture research. Professor Perold was the first Professor of Viticulture at Stellenbosch University. The Stellenbosch Wine Route established in 1971 by Frans Malan from Simonsig, Spatz Sperling from Delheim, Neil Joubert from Spier and David van Velden from Overgaauw, known as Stellenbosch American Express® Wine Routes since 2002, is a world-renowned and popular tourist destination. This route provides visitors the opportunity to experience a wide range of cultivars and includes farms such as Warwick and JC Le Roux.

The region has a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters. Stellenbosch lies at the foot of the Cape Fold mountain range, which provides soil favourable to viticulture. Grapes grown in this area are mainly used for wine production, as opposed to table grapes. The region possesses a wide range of soils in the area, from light, sandy soils to decomposed granite. Stellenbosch Cabernet Sauvignon is beginning to get a good reputation as a fine wine.

Eerste River in Stellenbosch after heavy rains
View over the "Red Square" of Stellenbosch University with the peak, "The Twins" beyond

Stellenbosch University is one of South Africa's leading universities.[citation needed] This institution has a rich history dating back to 1863 and has 10 faculties, including Engineering, Commerce, Science and Arts.[citation needed] The Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering is the only university department in the southern hemisphere which has successfully built a communications satellite Sunsat which was launched in 2000 and orbited the earth for three years.[citation needed]

The University currently has about 29,000 students. White students in 2014, namely 18 636, constitute 63.4% of all students enrolled. Although the official language of the university is Afrikaans, most post-graduate courses are presented in English. The university is in the process of introducing more English centered undergraduate courses following mass protest by the student body. The university council with the concurrence of the senate approved a new language policy on 22 June 2016 for implementation from 1 January 2017. Since the campuses are situated in the Western Cape, the university has committed to introducing multilingualism by using the province’s three official languages, namely Afrikaans, English and isiXhosa.

A panorama of Stellenbosch, as seen from Papegaaiberg
Bird Street, Stellenbosch Central
The township of Kayamandi located on the outskirts of Stellenbosch
View of Nuutgevonden Estate, Cloetesville and Welgevonden Estate in the foreground and the Simonsberg Mountain in the background
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(July 2018) ()
  • Annandale
  • Arbeidslus
  • Brandwacht
  • Cloetesville
  • Coetzenburg
  • Dalsig
  • Dennesig
  • De Zalze
  • De Novo
  • Devon Valley
  • Die Boord, previously Rhodes Fruit Farms
  • Die Rant
  • Idas Valley
  • Jamestown
  • Jonkershoek
  • Karindal
  • Kayamandi
  • Klapmuts
  • Koelenhof
  • Krigeville
  • Kylemore
  • Welbedaght
  • La Colline
  • Lanquedoc
  • Meerlust
  • Mostertsdrift
  • Onderpapegaaiberg, also known as Voëltjiesdorp
  • Paradyskloof
  • Plankenberg
  • Pniel
  • Raithby
  • Rozendal
  • Simondium
  • Simonsrust
  • Simonswyk
  • Techno Park
  • Tennantville
  • Town central
  • Uniepark
  • Universiteitsoord
  • Vlottenburg
  • Weides
  • Welbedaght
  • Welgevonden
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(July 2018) ()
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(August 2019) ()

The municipality currently uses a badge consisting of a fleur de lis and a cross issuing from a stylised bunch of grapes. In the past the various local authorities used coats of arms.

  • Drostdy – The drostdy (1685–1827) was the local authority for the whole Stellenbosch district, including the city. In 1804, when the Cape Colony was ruled by the Batavian Republic, the government assigned an armorial seal to the drostdy. It depicted the shield of arms of Simon van der Stel superimposed on an anchor representing Hope, on a golden background. In 1814, the British occupation authorities ordered the drostdyen to use the royal coat of arms instead. Van der Stel's arms were quartered: 1 two red towers on a golden background; 2 a peacock on a red background; 3 three silver discs or balls stacked 1 over 2 on a red background; 4 a red tower on a golden background. In the centre was a smaller blue shield displaying six silver crescents (or, possibly, ribs) 2, 2 and 2.
  • Municipality (1) – The Stellenbosch municipality was formed in 1840, to administer the city, but not the rest of the district. Although it was not the legal successor to the drostdy, it adopted the old drostdy seal of arms. A few changes were made to the arms over the years: quarters 2 and 3 were changed from red to blue; the peacock was turned to a profile position; the three silver discs or balls were changed to golden rings; the central shield was changed from blue to black. Whether any of these changes was intentional, or whether they were the result of artistic errors, is unclear.
  • Municipality (2) – The municipal council had a new coat of arms designed by Michael Dawes in 1951. After some improvements, the College of Arms granted them on 26 June 1952. They were registered at the Bureau of Heraldry on 31 August 1979. The new design was a golden shield displaying the three towers from the Van der Stel arms, and a red fess displaying the peacock between golden rings. The crest was an anchor entwined with oak leaves and acorns. The motto Fortis et superbus ("Strong and proud") was chosen.
  • Divisional council (1) – The divisional council, established in 1855, administered the rural areas outside the city. At some point, it adopted the plain Van der Stel arms, i.e. a golden shield displaying three red towers.[citation needed]
Stellenbosch Divisional Council coat of arms (1970)
  • Divisional council (2) – The divisional council had its arms re-designed by Cornelis Pama in 1970, and registered them at the Bureau of Heraldry on 30 October 1970. The shield was divided down the centre into gold and red, and the three towers were counterchanged. A red tower was added as a crest.
  • Kaya Mandi – The local authority for the Black township of Kaya Mandi registered arms at the Bureau on 27 November 1987.
  1. Combined population statistics of the Main Places Stellenbosch, La Colline, and Dalsig, which constitute the main urban area.
  2. "Definition of STELLENBOSCH". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved16 June 2018.
  3. A Universal Pronouncing Gazetteer. Thomas Baldwin, 1852. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co.
  4. A Grammar of Afrikaans. Bruce C. Donaldson. 1993. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-013426-8
  5. The Cyclopædia; or, Univeal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Literature. Abraham Rees, 1819. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown
  6. Seddon, J. D. (October 1966). "The Early Stone Age at Bosman's Crossing, Stellenbosch". The South African Archaeological Bulletin. South African Archaeological Society. 21 (83): 133–137. doi:10.2307/3888433. JSTOR 3888433.
  7. Deacon, H. J. (1975). "Demography, Subsistence, and Culture During the Acheulian in Southern Africa". In Butzer, Karl W.; Isaac, Glynn L. (eds.). After the Australopithecines: Stratigraphy, Ecology, and Culture Change in the Middle Pleistocene. pp. 543–570. ISBN 9783110878837.
  8. Fairbridge, Dorothea (1922). "XII – Stellenbosch". Historic houses of South Africa. London: H. Milford, Oxford university press. p. 109. Retrieved31 January 2011.
  9. "History of Stellenbosch". ShowMe™ – Stellenbosch. Retrieved6 September 2017.
  10. Statistics of the Colonies of the British Empire in the West Indies, South America, North America, Asia, Austral-Asia, Africa and Europe: From the Official Records of the Colonial Office. Robert Montgomery Martin, 1839. London: W.H. Allen and Co. (p. 496)
  11. State of the Cape of Good Hope, in 1822. William Wilberforce Bird. 1823. London: J. Murray.
  12. The Life and Labours of George Washington Walker: of Hobart Town, Tasmania. James Backhouse and Charles Tylor, 1862. Tasmania: Thomas Brady (pp. 498–499)
  13. Botha, Colin Graham (1921). The French refugees at the Cape. Cape Town: Cape Times Limited. p. 155. Retrieved31 January 2011.
  14. Trotter, A.F. (1903). Old Cape Colony a chronicle of her men and houses from 1652–1806. Westminster: A. Constable & co., ltd. pp. 174, 179. Retrieved31 January 2011.
  15. "Rhenish prepare for their 150th birthday". Eikestad News. Eikestadnuus. 17 February 2006. Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. Retrieved13 November 2007.
  16. "Huisdinge: Harmonie Dameskoshuis". Sun.ac.za. Retrieved29 July 2013.
  17. Community Survey 2016: Provincial profile: Western Cape(PDF) (Report). Statistics South Africa. 2018. p. 8. Retrieved26 July 2018.
  18. Stellenbosch Municipality 2017 – Western Cape Government
  19. "Stellenbosch American Express® Wine Routes – Our Story". Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved2 March 2014.
  20. The-Wine-Library Archived 23 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine Short Description of wine in Stellenbosch
  21. "Core statistics 2014", Stellenbosch University, 2014, [online] http://www.sun.ac.za/english/statistical-profile-2014-test, Accessed: 04/08/2015
  22. http://www.sun.ac.za/english/Documents/Language/Final%20Language%20Policy%20June%202016.pdf
  23. Stellenbosch
  24. Pama, C. (1965), Lions and Virgins
  25. Cape Town Gazette No 418 (15 January 1814).
  26. changes
  27. new coat of arms
  28. National Archives of South Africa: Data of the Bureau of Heraldry
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stellenbosch.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stellenbosch.

Stellenbosch
Stellenbosch Language Watch Edit This article is about the city For the university see Stellenbosch University For the municipality see Stellenbosch Local Municipality Stellenbosch ˈ s t ɛ l e n b ɒ ʃ 2 Afrikaans ˈstaelenˌbɔs 3 4 is a city in the Western Cape province of South Africa situated about 50 kilometres 31 miles east of Cape Town along the banks of the Eerste River at the foot of the Stellenbosch Mountain It is the second oldest settlement in the province after Cape Town citation needed The city became known as the City of Oaks or Eikestad in Afrikaans and Dutch due to the large number of oak trees that were planted by its founder Simon van der Stel to grace the streets and homesteads 5 Stellenbosch EikestadFrom top Stellenbosch South Africa s second oldest urban area town with Great Drakenstein and Stellenbosch Mountains beyond Ou Hoofgebou the administrative building for the University of Stellenbosch centre left Stellenbosch Town Hall centre right Voorgelegen a historic building in the town centre bottom left The old VOC Power Magazine bottom right Nickname s Eikestad City of Oaks StellenboschShow map of Western CapeStellenboschShow map of South AfricaStellenboschShow map of AfricaCoordinates 33 56 12 S 18 51 41 E 33 93667 S 18 86139 E 33 93667 18 86139 Coordinates 33 56 12 S 18 51 41 E 33 93667 S 18 86139 E 33 93667 18 86139Country South AfricaProvinceWestern CapeDistrictCape WinelandsMunicipalityStellenboschEstablished1679Area 1 Total10 12 km2 3 91 sq mi Elevation136 m 446 ft Population 2011 1 Total21 799 Density2 200 km2 5 600 sq mi Racial makeup 2011 1 White66 6 Coloured15 8 Black African15 0 Indian Asian0 9 Other1 7 First languages 2011 1 Afrikaans70 4 English20 8 Xhosa1 8 Other7 0 Time zoneUTC 2 SAST Postal code street 7600PO box7599Area code021 Stellenbosch has its own municipality incorporating the neighbouring towns of Pniel and Franschhoek adjoining the metropolitan area of the City of Cape Town The town is home to Stellenbosch University Technopark is a modern science park situated on the southern side of the city near the Stellenbosch Golf Course citation needed Contents 1 Prehistory 2 History 3 Population 4 Climate and geography 5 Sport 6 Viticulture and winemaking 7 Stellenbosch University 8 List of suburbs 9 List of schools 10 Notable people 11 Coats of arms 12 See also 13 References 14 External linksPrehistory Edit Paleolithic biface from Stellenbosch In 1899 Louis Peringuey discovered Paleolithic stone tools of the Acheulean type at a site named Bosman s Crossing near the Adam Tas Bridge at the western entrance to Stellenbosch 6 7 History Edit Typical Cape Dutch style house in Stellenbosch The city was founded in 1679 by the Governor of the Cape Colony Simon van der Stel who named it after himself 8 Stellenbosch means van der Stel s Bush It is situated on the banks of the Eerste River First River so named as it was the first new river he reached and followed when he went on an expedition over the Cape Flats to explore the territory towards what is now known as Stellenbosch The city grew so quickly that it became an independent local authority in 1682 and the seat of a magistrate with jurisdiction over 25 000 square kilometers 9 700 sq mi in 1685 9 The Dutch were skilled in hydraulic engineering and they devised a system of furrows to direct water from the Eerste River in the vicinity of Thibault Street through the city along van Riebeeck Street to Mill Street where a mill was erected 10 11 Early visitors commented on the oak trees and gardens 5 12 During 1690 some Huguenot refugees settled in Stellenbosch 13 grapes were planted in the fertile valleys around Stellenbosch and soon it became the centre of the South African wine industry 10 In 1710 a fire destroyed most of the city including the first church all the Company property and twelve houses Only two or three houses were left standing 14 When the church was rebuilt in 1723 it was located on what was then the outskirts of the city to prevent any similar incident from destroying it again This church was enlarged a number of times since 1723 and is currently known as the Moederkerk Mother Church The first school had been opened in 1683 but education in the city began in earnest in 1859 with the opening of a seminary for the Dutch Reformed Church Rhenish Girls High School established in 1860 is the oldest school for girls in South Africa 15 A gymnasium known as het Stellenbossche Gymnasium was established in 1866 In 1874 some higher classes became Victoria College and then in 1918 University of Stellenbosch The first men s hostel to be established in Stellenbosch was Wilgenhof in 1903 In 1905 the first women s hostel to be established in Stellenbosch was Harmonie 1 16 Harmonie and Wilgenhof were part of the Victoria College In 1909 an old boy of the school Paul Roos captain of the first national rugby team to be called the Springboks was invited to become the sixth rector of the school He remained rector until 1940 On his retirement the school s name was changed to Paul Roos Gymnasium In the early days of the Second Boer War 1899 1902 Stellenbosch was one of the British military bases and was used as a remount camp and in consequence of officers who had not distinguished themselves at the front being sent back to it the expression to be Stellenbosched came into use so much so that in similar cases officers were spoken of as Stellenbosched even if they were sent to some other place citation needed Population EditAt the time of the 2011 census the population of the urban area of Stellenbosch was 77 476 people in 23 730 households in an area of 20 9 square kilometres 8 1 sq mi A total of 50 of the residents spoke Afrikaans as their home language 28 spoke isiXhosa and 8 spoke English 10 of the residents principally those in student residences were not asked their language 37 of the population identified themselves as Black African 35 as Coloured and 26 as White 1 The Stellenbosch Municipality extends beyond the city of Stellenbosch itself to include rural areas villages and the town of Franschhoek At the time of 2011 census the municipal population was 155 728 while by 2016 it was estimated to be 173 197 17 In 2017 the municipality estimated that the population in 2018 would increase to 176 523 18 Climate and geography Edit Stellenbosch s eastern suburbs in the winter months In the background are the snowcapped Jonkershoek Mountains with the prominent peak The Twins elevation of 1 494 m 4 902 ft visible Stellenbosch is 53 km 33 mi east of Cape Town via National Route N1 Stellenbosch is in a hilly region of the Cape Winelands and is sheltered in a valley at an average elevation of 136 m 446 ft flanked on the west by Papegaaiberg Afrikaans Parrot Mountain which is actually a hill citation needed To the south is Stellenbosch Mountain to the east and southeast are the Jonkershoek Drakenstein and Simonsberg mountains citation needed Die Tweeling Pieke Afrikaans The Twin Peaks has an elevation of 1 494 m 4 902 ft the highest point is Victoria Peak 1 590 m 5 220 ft Jonkershoek Nature Reserve lies about 9 km 5 6 mi east of Stellenbosch and the Helderberg Nature Reserve is about 23 km 14 mi south via provincial route R44 citation needed Just south of the Helderberg Nature Reserve is Strand a seaside resort town citation needed The soils of Stellenbosch range from dark alluvium to clay citation needed This combined with the well drained hilly terrain and Mediterranean climate prove excellent for viticulture citation needed Summers are dry and warm to hot with some February and March days rising to over 40 C 104 F citation needed Winters are cool rainy and sometimes quite windy with daytime temperatures averaging 16 C 61 F citation needed Snow is usually seen a couple of times in winter on the surrounding mountains citation needed Spring and autumn are colder seasons when daytime temperatures hover in the 20s citation needed Climate data for Stellenbosch Western CapeMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high C F 27 7 81 9 26 6 79 9 23 5 74 3 22 7 72 9 17 4 63 3 16 8 62 2 13 8 56 8 15 3 59 5 17 2 63 0 21 6 70 9 24 5 76 1 26 2 79 2 21 1 70 0 Average low C F 14 6 58 3 14 5 58 1 11 5 52 7 10 8 51 4 6 9 44 4 4 3 39 7 3 5 38 3 5 9 42 6 8 3 46 9 9 9 49 8 12 54 13 6 56 5 9 7 49 4 Average precipitation mm inches 17 0 7 28 1 1 29 1 1 76 3 0 120 4 7 130 5 1 113 4 4 116 4 6 62 2 4 55 2 2 36 1 4 20 0 8 802 31 5 Source Stellenbosch climateSport EditStellenbosch is a warm weather training venue for cyclists track and field squads and triathletes The Stellenbosch Sports Academy opened its doors in 2012 and hosts several rugby teams on a permanent basis such as the Springbok Sevens and Western Province citation needed Viticulture and winemaking Edit Vineyards on the outskirts of Stellenbosch with Helderberg in the background The Stellenbosch Paarl and Franschhoek valleys form the Cape Winelands the larger of the two main wine growing regions in South Africa The South African wine industry produces about 1 000 000 000 litres of wine annually Stellenbosch is the primary location for viticulture and viticulture research Professor Perold was the first Professor of Viticulture at Stellenbosch University The Stellenbosch Wine Route established in 1971 by Frans Malan from Simonsig Spatz Sperling from Delheim Neil Joubert from Spier and David van Velden from Overgaauw known as Stellenbosch American Express Wine Routes since 2002 is a world renowned and popular tourist destination This route provides visitors the opportunity to experience a wide range of cultivars and includes farms such as Warwick and JC Le Roux 19 The region has a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters Stellenbosch lies at the foot of the Cape Fold mountain range which provides soil favourable to viticulture Grapes grown in this area are mainly used for wine production as opposed to table grapes The region possesses a wide range of soils in the area from light sandy soils to decomposed granite Stellenbosch Cabernet Sauvignon is beginning to get a good reputation as a fine wine 20 Stellenbosch University EditMain article Stellenbosch University Eerste River in Stellenbosch after heavy rains View over the Red Square of Stellenbosch University with the peak The Twins beyond Stellenbosch University is one of South Africa s leading universities citation needed This institution has a rich history dating back to 1863 and has 10 faculties including Engineering Commerce Science and Arts citation needed The Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering is the only university department in the southern hemisphere which has successfully built a communications satellite Sunsat which was launched in 2000 and orbited the earth for three years citation needed The University currently has about 29 000 students White students in 2014 namely 18 636 constitute 63 4 of all students enrolled 21 Although the official language of the university is Afrikaans most post graduate courses are presented in English The university is in the process of introducing more English centered undergraduate courses following mass protest by the student body The university council with the concurrence of the senate approved a new language policy on 22 June 2016 for implementation from 1 January 2017 Since the campuses are situated in the Western Cape the university has committed to introducing multilingualism by using the province s three official languages namely Afrikaans English and isiXhosa 22 List of suburbs Edit A panorama of Stellenbosch as seen from Papegaaiberg Bird Street Stellenbosch Central The township of Kayamandi located on the outskirts of Stellenbosch View of Nuutgevonden Estate Cloetesville and Welgevonden Estate in the foreground and the Simonsberg Mountain in the background This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message Annandale Arbeidslus Brandwacht Cloetesville Coetzenburg Dalsig Dennesig De Zalze De Novo Devon Valley Die Boord previously Rhodes Fruit Farms Die Rant Idas Valley Jamestown Jonkershoek Karindal Kayamandi Klapmuts Koelenhof Krigeville Kylemore Welbedaght La Colline Lanquedoc Meerlust Mostertsdrift Onderpapegaaiberg also known as Voeltjiesdorp Paradyskloof Plankenberg Pniel Raithby Rozendal Simondium Simonsrust Simonswyk Techno Park Tennantville Town central Uniepark Universiteitsoord Vlottenburg Weides Welbedaght WelgevondenList of schools EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message A F Louw Primary School Bloemhof High School Bruckner De Villiers Primary School Cloetesville High School Cloetesville Primary School Devonvallei Primary School Eikestad Primary School Idasvallei Primary School Ikaya Primary School JJ Rhode Primary School Kayamandi Secondary School Koelenhof Primary School Luckhoff Secondary School Lynedoch Primary School Pieter Langeveldt Primary School Paul Roos Gymnasium Rhenish Girls High School Rhenish Primary School Rietenbosch Primary School Stellenbosch High School Stellenbosch Primary School Stellenzicht Senior Secondary St Idas R C Primary School Weber Gedenk Primary SchoolNotable people EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed August 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message Ferdie Bergh rugby player Kees Bruynzeel Dutch businessman timber merchant and yachtsman Dirk Coetsee Chancellor Hoofdheemraad of the District of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein in South Africa for most of the 1690s and early 1700s Danie Craven rugby administrator Giniel de Villiers Rally driver David Earl composer and pianist Arnu Fourie Paralympic athlete Justin Harding Golfer Omar Henry cricketer Daniel Hugo radio producer lecturer and poet Charl Langeveldt cricketer citation needed Lee Langeveldt football player D F Malan Prime Minister of South Africa from 1948 to 1954 Jannie Marais Johannes Henoch Marais mining magnate politician and philanthropist who co founded the multi billion dollar media conglomerate Naspers and the University of Stellenbosch JP Pietersen rugby player Paul Roos South African rugby union captain Anton Rupert entrepreneur businessman conservationist Johann Rupert businessman citation needed Dana Snyman journalist writer and playwright citation needed Conrad Stoltz 2 time Olympian 3 time Xterra world champion citation needed Roger Telemachus cricketer Sampie Terreblanche Professor in Economics co founder of Democratic Party Richard Turner philosopher Frederik van Zyl Slabbert anti apartheid Member of Parliament and leader of opposition lecturer in sociology Hendrik Verwoerd Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 to 1966Coats of arms EditThe municipality currently uses a badge 23 consisting of a fleur de lis and a cross issuing from a stylised bunch of grapes In the past the various local authorities used coats of arms Drostdy The drostdy 1685 1827 was the local authority for the whole Stellenbosch district including the city In 1804 when the Cape Colony was ruled by the Batavian Republic the government assigned an armorial seal to the drostdy It depicted the shield of arms of Simon van der Stel superimposed on an anchor representing Hope on a golden background 24 In 1814 the British occupation authorities ordered the drostdyen to use the royal coat of arms instead 25 Van der Stel s arms were quartered 1 two red towers on a golden background 2 a peacock on a red background 3 three silver discs or balls stacked 1 over 2 on a red background 4 a red tower on a golden background In the centre was a smaller blue shield displaying six silver crescents or possibly ribs 2 2 and 2 Municipality 1 The Stellenbosch municipality was formed in 1840 to administer the city but not the rest of the district Although it was not the legal successor to the drostdy it adopted the old drostdy seal of arms A few changes 26 were made to the arms over the years quarters 2 and 3 were changed from red to blue the peacock was turned to a profile position the three silver discs or balls were changed to golden rings the central shield was changed from blue to black Whether any of these changes was intentional or whether they were the result of artistic errors is unclear Municipality 2 The municipal council had a new coat of arms 27 designed by Michael Dawes in 1951 After some improvements the College of Arms granted them on 26 June 1952 They were registered at the Bureau of Heraldry on 31 August 1979 28 The new design was a golden shield displaying the three towers from the Van der Stel arms and a red fess displaying the peacock between golden rings The crest was an anchor entwined with oak leaves and acorns The motto Fortis et superbus Strong and proud was chosen Divisional council 1 The divisional council established in 1855 administered the rural areas outside the city At some point it adopted the plain Van der Stel arms i e a golden shield displaying three red towers citation needed Stellenbosch Divisional Council coat of arms 1970 Divisional council 2 The divisional council had its arms re designed by Cornelis Pama in 1970 and registered them at the Bureau of Heraldry on 30 October 1970 28 The shield was divided down the centre into gold and red and the three towers were counterchanged A red tower was added as a crest Kaya Mandi The local authority for the Black township of Kaya Mandi registered arms at the Bureau on 27 November 1987 28 See also EditTygerberg Zoo Van Breda murdersReferences Edit a b c d e Combined population statistics of the Main Places Stellenbosch La Colline and Dalsig which constitute the main urban area Definition of STELLENBOSCH www merriam webster com Retrieved 16 June 2018 A Universal Pronouncing Gazetteer Thomas Baldwin 1852 Philadelphia Lippincott Grambo amp Co A Grammar of Afrikaans Bruce C Donaldson 1993 Berlin Walter de Gruyter ISBN 3 11 013426 8 a b The Cyclopaedia or Univeal Dictionary of Arts Sciences and Literature Abraham Rees 1819 London Longman Hurst Rees Orme amp Brown Seddon J D October 1966 The Early Stone Age at Bosman s Crossing Stellenbosch The South African Archaeological Bulletin South African Archaeological Society 21 83 133 137 doi 10 2307 3888433 JSTOR 3888433 Deacon H J 1975 Demography Subsistence and Culture During the Acheulian in Southern Africa In Butzer Karl W Isaac Glynn L eds After the Australopithecines Stratigraphy Ecology and Culture Change in the Middle Pleistocene pp 543 570 ISBN 9783110878837 Fairbridge Dorothea 1922 XII Stellenbosch Historic houses of South Africa London H Milford Oxford university press p 109 Retrieved 31 January 2011 History of Stellenbosch ShowMe Stellenbosch Retrieved 6 September 2017 a b Statistics of the Colonies of the British Empire in the West Indies South America North America Asia Austral Asia Africa and Europe From the Official Records of the Colonial Office Robert Montgomery Martin 1839 London W H Allen and Co p 496 State of the Cape of Good Hope in 1822 William Wilberforce Bird 1823 London J Murray The Life and Labours of George Washington Walker of Hobart Town Tasmania James Backhouse and Charles Tylor 1862 Tasmania Thomas Brady pp 498 499 Botha Colin Graham 1921 The French refugees at the Cape Cape Town Cape Times Limited p 155 Retrieved 31 January 2011 Trotter A F 1903 Old Cape Colony a chronicle of her men and houses from 1652 1806 Westminster A Constable amp co ltd pp 174 179 Retrieved 31 January 2011 Rhenish prepare for their 150th birthday Eikestad News Eikestadnuus 17 February 2006 Archived from the original on 20 January 2008 Retrieved 13 November 2007 Huisdinge Harmonie Dameskoshuis Sun ac za Retrieved 29 July 2013 Community Survey 2016 Provincial profile Western Cape PDF Report Statistics South Africa 2018 p 8 Retrieved 26 July 2018 Stellenbosch Municipality 2017 Western Cape Government Stellenbosch American Express Wine Routes Our Story Archived from the original on 9 February 2014 Retrieved 2 March 2014 The Wine Library Archived 23 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine Short Description of wine in Stellenbosch Core statistics 2014 Stellenbosch University 2014 online http www sun ac za english statistical profile 2014 test Accessed 04 08 2015 http www sun ac za english Documents Language Final 20Language 20Policy 20June 202016 pdf Stellenbosch Pama C 1965 Lions and Virgins Cape Town Gazette No 418 15 January 1814 changes new coat of arms a b c National Archives of South Africa Data of the Bureau of HeraldryExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Stellenbosch Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stellenbosch Stellenbosch Municipality Stellenbosch Tourism Bureau Eikestad Nuus Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stellenbosch amp oldid 1053391168, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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