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Stendal

For other uses, see Stendal (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Stendhal.

The Hanseatic City of Stendal (German pronunciation: ) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is the capital of the Stendal District and the unofficial capital of the Altmark region.

Stendal
September 2011 view over Stendal with the St. Nicholas Church
Coat of arms
Location of Stendal within Stendal district
Stendal
Show map of Germany
Stendal
Show map of Saxony-Anhalt
Coordinates:52°36′N11°51′E /52.600°N 11.850°E /52.600; 11.850Coordinates: 52°36′N11°51′E /52.600°N 11.850°E /52.600; 11.850
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictStendal
Subdivisions33
Government
Mayor(2015–22)Klaus Schmotz (CDU)
Area
• Total268.02 km2 (103.48 sq mi)
Elevation
31 m (102 ft)
Population
(2020-12-31)
• Total38,778
• Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
39551–39596
Dialling codes03931
Vehicle registrationSDL
Websitewww.stendal.de

Contents

Situated west of the Elbe valley, the Stendal town centre is located some 125 km (78 mi) west of Berlin, around 170 km (110 mi) east of Hanover, and 55 km (34 mi) north of the state capital Magdeburg. Stendal is the seat of a University of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschule) and preserves a picturesque old town including a historic market and several churches. The nearby village Uchtspringe is home to a psychiatric rehabilitation clinic.

Stendal station is the most important interchange and rail hub in the north of Saxony-Anhalt. Located on the Berlin–Lehrte railway and the parallel Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway line, it is regularly served by Intercity and Intercity-Express (ICE) trains. A direct connection to the German Autobahn network is planned with the extension of the BAB 14 from Magdeburg to Schwerin.

Divisions

The town Stendal consists of Stendal proper and the following 18 Ortschaften or municipal divisions:

St Mary's Church with town hall and Roland statue

A settlement named Steinedal in the Eastphalian Balsamgau of Saxony, then a possession of Saint Michael’s Abbey in Hildesheim, was mentioned in a deed allegedly issued by Emperor Henry II in 1022. However, the entry has proven to be a 12th-century forgery, as the original document contained no such record. The fortified town near the Elbe crossing at Tangermünde was actually founded and granted Magdeburg rights by the first Brandenburg margrave Albert the Bear about 1160.

The parish church of St Mary's was first mentioned in 1283. Stendal quickly prospered as a centre of commerce and trade; it received city walls about 1300, the citizens joined the Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369. A Latin school is documented from 1338. In 1456 the Hohenzollern elector Frederick II Irontooth founded a convent of Augustinian nuns, which today is the site of a museum. In 1502 his descendant Elector Joachim I Nestor married Princess Elizabeth of Denmark at Stendal. Magnificent churches, the town hall and the two remaining city gates are still proof of Stendal's former wealth.

The Stendal citizens turned Protestant in 1539; with the reformator Konrad Cordatus serving as superintendent. For centuries part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, Stendal with the Altmark region passed to the Prussian Province of Saxony after the Napoleonic Wars. A Prussian garrison town since the 17th century, it hosted the 10th (Magdeburg) Hussars regiment from 1884.

Stendal was the site of a Luftwaffe airfield in World War II, which had been the site of the first German Fallschirmjäger training school from 1936; the famous boxer Max Schmeling was trained as a paratrooper here in 1940/41. The town suffered from strategic bombing. In April 1945, the aerodrome served as starting place of the Sonderkommando Elbe unit, only a few days before the local authorities surrendered to the US Army. On May 4, the commander of the Wehrmacht 12th Army, General Maximilian von Edelsheim, signed the capitulation document at the Stendal town hall.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, the town belonged to East Germany, part of Bezirk Magdeburg from 1952. Until 1994, the Stendal barracks served as home base for a riflemen division of the Soviet 2nd Guards Tank Army. In 1974 the construction of the Stendal Nuclear Power Plant was begun north of the town, but abandoned after reunification. In 2009 the Stendal citizens voted for the prefix Hansestadt ("Hanseatic City").

On 1 January 2010 the town Stendal absorbed the former municipalities Buchholz, Groß Schwechten, Heeren, Möringen, Nahrstedt, Staats, Uchtspringe, Uenglingen, Volgfelde, and Wittenmoor. On 29 April 2010 it absorbed Vinzelberg, and on 1 September 2010 Dahlen and Insel.

Theatre of the Altmark

The area has a theatre named Theater der Altmark, Stendal. It was founded in 1946 and has always had a particular involvement in youth and children's theatre. Theatrical performances and dance events are staged, as well as concerts, conferences and meetings.

Winckelmann Museum

The Winckelmann Museum is named after Johann Joachim Winckelmann, the founder of classical archaeology. Its holdings include biographical documents, works, designs and diagrams as well as Greek sculptures or casts, along with other small artworks from antiquity. Since summer 2003 the museum has been the owner of the world's biggest Trojan horse. With its size of 15.60 m high, 13 m long, 9.50 m wide and its weight of 45 tons it offers a beautiful view over Stendal.

Exhibitions are held relating to archaeology and the history of art from the 18th and 19th centuries; there is also a modern art museum. The museum is the seat of the Winckelmann-Gesellschaft (the Winckelmann Society).

In addition, the museum has exhibits relating to the history and cultural history of the city of Stendal and of the Altmark dating from the prehistoric period through the area's early history right up to the present. There are exhibits pertaining to the Hanseatic League, Romanesque art and local archaeological material.

Fire Brigade Museum

The town also has the Landesfeuerwehrmuseum (Fire Brigade Museum), showing the development of fire fighting and protection from the leather bucket to modern fire engines.

Other

The Roland statue in front of the Town Hall

Other buildings include the Gothic cathedral, St. Nicholas Church, the Town Hall with the statue of Roland and the two mediaeval town gates. There are also other churches in the area.

Stendal is also part of the Altmark cycle path. Information and maps about this cycle path can be had for free from the tourist information office.

Mayor

The Lord Mayor of Stendal is Klaus Schmotz (born 1952). He was elected in 2001 with 74.9% of the votes. He was re-elected in 2008 and 2015.

Local council

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtrat) as of 2015 local elections:

After allegations of falsification were raised, the 2014 elections had to be held again.

Stendal is twinned with:

Associated with the town

  • Stendhal (1783–1842), French writer; lived near Stendal in 1807–08 as an official of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia. According to general belief, he used the alias Stendhal from 1817 in homage to Johann Joachim Winckelmann.

Honorary citizens

  • Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), chancellor, since 1872
  • Friedrich Hermann Haacke (1824–1899), physician who dedicated his life to fighting against the cholera epidemics which affected Stendal in the 19th century. The Haacke-Brunnen, a well in the Sperlingsberg quarter, honours him.
  • Gustav Nachtigal (1834–1885), doctor and explorer in Africa. He is honored with bust at the Gustav Nachtigal Square.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stendal.


Stendal
Stendal Language Watch Edit For other uses see Stendal disambiguation Not to be confused with Stendhal The Hanseatic City of Stendal German pronunciation ˈʃtɛndaːl is a town in Saxony Anhalt Germany It is the capital of the Stendal District and the unofficial capital of the Altmark region StendalTownSeptember 2011 view over Stendal with the St Nicholas ChurchCoat of armsLocation of Stendal within Stendal districtStendalShow map of GermanyStendalShow map of Saxony AnhaltCoordinates 52 36 N 11 51 E 52 600 N 11 850 E 52 600 11 850 Coordinates 52 36 N 11 51 E 52 600 N 11 850 E 52 600 11 850CountryGermanyStateSaxony AnhaltDistrictStendalSubdivisions33Government Mayor 2015 22 Klaus Schmotz 1 CDU Area Total268 02 km2 103 48 sq mi Elevation31 m 102 ft Population 2020 12 31 2 Total38 778 Density140 km2 370 sq mi Time zoneUTC 01 00 CET Summer DST UTC 02 00 CEST Postal codes39551 39596Dialling codes03931Vehicle registrationSDLWebsitewww stendal de Contents 1 Geography 1 1 Divisions 2 History 3 Main sights 3 1 Theatre of the Altmark 3 2 Winckelmann Museum 3 3 Fire Brigade Museum 3 4 Other 4 Politics 4 1 Mayor 4 2 Local council 5 Twin towns sister cities 6 Notable people 6 1 Associated with the town 6 2 Honorary citizens 7 References 8 External linksGeography EditSituated west of the Elbe valley the Stendal town centre is located some 125 km 78 mi west of Berlin around 170 km 110 mi east of Hanover and 55 km 34 mi north of the state capital Magdeburg Stendal is the seat of a University of Applied Sciences Fachhochschule and preserves a picturesque old town including a historic market and several churches The nearby village Uchtspringe is home to a psychiatric rehabilitation clinic Stendal station is the most important interchange and rail hub in the north of Saxony Anhalt Located on the Berlin Lehrte railway and the parallel Hanover Berlin high speed railway line it is regularly served by Intercity and Intercity Express ICE trains A direct connection to the German Autobahn network is planned with the extension of the BAB 14 from Magdeburg to Schwerin Divisions Edit The town Stendal consists of Stendal proper and the following 18 Ortschaften or municipal divisions 3 Bindfelde Borstel Buchholz Dahlen Gross Schwechten Heeren Insel Jarchau Moringen Nahrstedt Staats Staffelde Uchtspringe Uenglingen Vinzelberg Volgfelde Wahrburg WittenmoorHistory Edit St Mary s Church with town hall and Roland statue A settlement named Steinedal in the Eastphalian Balsamgau of Saxony then a possession of Saint Michael s Abbey in Hildesheim was mentioned in a deed allegedly issued by Emperor Henry II in 1022 However the entry has proven to be a 12th century forgery as the original document contained no such record The fortified town near the Elbe crossing at Tangermunde was actually founded and granted Magdeburg rights by the first Brandenburg margrave Albert the Bear about 1160 The parish church of St Mary s was first mentioned in 1283 Stendal quickly prospered as a centre of commerce and trade it received city walls about 1300 the citizens joined the Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369 A Latin school is documented from 1338 In 1456 the Hohenzollern elector Frederick II Irontooth founded a convent of Augustinian nuns which today is the site of a museum In 1502 his descendant Elector Joachim I Nestor married Princess Elizabeth of Denmark at Stendal Magnificent churches the town hall and the two remaining city gates are still proof of Stendal s former wealth The Stendal citizens turned Protestant in 1539 with the reformator Konrad Cordatus serving as superintendent For centuries part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg Stendal with the Altmark region passed to the Prussian Province of Saxony after the Napoleonic Wars A Prussian garrison town since the 17th century it hosted the 10th Magdeburg Hussars regiment from 1884 Stendal was the site of a Luftwaffe airfield in World War II which had been the site of the first German Fallschirmjager training school from 1936 the famous boxer Max Schmeling was trained as a paratrooper here in 1940 41 The town suffered from strategic bombing In April 1945 the aerodrome served as starting place of the Sonderkommando Elbe unit only a few days before the local authorities surrendered to the US Army On May 4 the commander of the Wehrmacht 12th Army General Maximilian von Edelsheim signed the capitulation document at the Stendal town hall From 1949 until German reunification in 1990 the town belonged to East Germany part of Bezirk Magdeburg from 1952 Until 1994 the Stendal barracks served as home base for a riflemen division of the Soviet 2nd Guards Tank Army In 1974 the construction of the Stendal Nuclear Power Plant was begun north of the town but abandoned after reunification In 2009 the Stendal citizens voted for the prefix Hansestadt Hanseatic City On 1 January 2010 the town Stendal absorbed the former municipalities Buchholz Gross Schwechten Heeren Moringen Nahrstedt Staats Uchtspringe Uenglingen Volgfelde and Wittenmoor On 29 April 2010 it absorbed Vinzelberg and on 1 September 2010 Dahlen and Insel 4 Main sights EditTheatre of the Altmark Edit The area has a theatre named Theater der Altmark Stendal It was founded in 1946 and has always had a particular involvement in youth and children s theatre Theatrical performances and dance events are staged as well as concerts conferences and meetings Winckelmann Museum Edit The Winckelmann Museum 5 is named after Johann Joachim Winckelmann the founder of classical archaeology Its holdings include biographical documents works designs and diagrams as well as Greek sculptures or casts along with other small artworks from antiquity Since summer 2003 the museum has been the owner of the world s biggest Trojan horse With its size of 15 60 m high 13 m long 9 50 m wide and its weight of 45 tons it offers a beautiful view over Stendal Exhibitions are held relating to archaeology and the history of art from the 18th and 19th centuries there is also a modern art museum The museum is the seat of the Winckelmann Gesellschaft the Winckelmann Society 6 In addition the museum has exhibits relating to the history and cultural history of the city of Stendal and of the Altmark dating from the prehistoric period through the area s early history right up to the present There are exhibits pertaining to the Hanseatic League Romanesque art and local archaeological material Fire Brigade Museum Edit The town also has the Landesfeuerwehrmuseum Fire Brigade Museum showing the development of fire fighting and protection from the leather bucket to modern fire engines Other Edit The Roland statue in front of the Town Hall Other buildings include the Gothic cathedral St Nicholas Church the Town Hall with the statue of Roland and the two mediaeval town gates There are also other churches in the area Stendal is also part of the Altmark cycle path Information and maps about this cycle path can be had for free from the tourist information office Politics EditMayor Edit The Lord Mayor of Stendal is Klaus Schmotz born 1952 He was elected in 2001 with 74 9 of the votes He was re elected in 2008 and 2015 Local council Edit Seats in the town s assembly Stadtrat as of 2015 local elections Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDU 14 The Left 11 Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD 8 Free Democratic Party FDP 1 Alliance 90 The Greens 1 Alternative for Germany AfD 1 Pirate Party Germany 1 Independent 3 After allegations of falsification were raised the 2014 elections had to be held again Twin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Stendal is twinned with 7 Grenoble France Lemgo Germany Pulawy Poland Svitavy Czech Republic Yartsevo RussiaNotable people EditJohann Joachim Winckelmann 1717 1768 archaeologist and art historian Johann Christian Dieterich 1722 1800 publisher Rudolf Dulon 1807 1870 theologian and revolutionary Leo August Pochhammer 1841 1920 mathematician Otto Schoetensack 1850 1912 paleoanthropologist Richard Zeckwer 1850 1922 composer Max Ebert 1879 1929 prehistorian and professor Irina Korschunow 1925 2013 writer Kurt Liebrecht born 1936 footballer Wilfried Klingbiel born 1939 footballer Gerd Gies born 1943 politician prime minister of Saxony Anhalt Heinz Ulrich Walther born 1943 figure skater Carola Hornig born 1962 rower Associated with the town Edit Stendhal 1783 1842 French writer lived near Stendal in 1807 08 as an official of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia According to general belief he used the alias Stendhal from 1817 in homage to Johann Joachim Winckelmann Honorary citizens Edit Otto von Bismarck 1815 1898 chancellor since 1872 Friedrich Hermann Haacke 1824 1899 physician who dedicated his life to fighting against the cholera epidemics which affected Stendal in the 19th century The Haacke Brunnen a well in the Sperlingsberg quarter honours him Gustav Nachtigal 1834 1885 doctor and explorer in Africa He is honored with bust at the Gustav Nachtigal Square References Edit Burgermeisterwahlen in den Gemeinden Endgultige Ergebnisse Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen Anhalt accessed 8 July 2021 Bevolkerung der Gemeinden Stand 31 Dezember 2020 PDF Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen Anhalt in German June 2021 Hauptsatzung der Hansestadt Stendal November 2018 Gebietsanderungen vom 01 Januar bis 31 Dezember 2010 Statistisches Bundesamt Winckelmann Museum Winckelmann Gesellschaft Partnerstadte stendal de in German Stendal Retrieved 2021 04 01 External links EditWikivoyage has a travel guide for Stendal Official website in German Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stendal amp oldid 1053093583, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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