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Steny Hoyer

Steny Hamilton Hoyer ( ; born June 14, 1939) is an American politician and attorney serving as the U.S. representative forMaryland's 5th congressional district since 1981 and as House Majority Leader since 2019. A Democrat, Hoyer was first elected in a special election on May 19, 1981. As of 2021, he is in his 20th term as a member of the House. The district includes a large swath of rural and suburban territory southeast of Washington, D.C. Hoyer is the dean of the Maryland congressional delegation and the most senior Democrat in the House.

Steny Hoyer
House Majority Leader
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
SpeakerNancy Pelosi
Preceded byKevin McCarthy
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
SpeakerNancy Pelosi
Preceded byJohn Boehner
Succeeded byEric Cantor
House Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2019
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byEric Cantor
Succeeded bySteve Scalise
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byNancy Pelosi
Succeeded byRoy Blunt
Chair of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
June 21, 1989 – January 3, 1995
LeaderTom Foley
Preceded byWilliam H. Gray, III
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 1989 – June 21, 1989
LeaderJim Wright
Preceded byMary Rose Oakar
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Member of theU.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's5th district
Assumed office
May 19, 1981
Preceded byGladys Spellman
82nd President of the Maryland Senate
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byWilliam S. James
Succeeded byJames A. Clark Jr.
Member of theMaryland Senate
from the 26th district
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byMike Donovan
Member of theMaryland Senate
from the 4C district
In office
January 1967 – January 1975
Preceded byconstituency established
Succeeded byconstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Steny Hamilton Hoyer

(1939-06-14)June 14, 1939 (age 82)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Judith Pickett
(m. 1961; died 1997)​
Children3
ResidenceMechanicsville, Maryland, U.S.
EducationUniversity of Maryland, College Park (BA)
Georgetown University (JD)
Profession
  • Politician
  • lawyer
Signature
WebsiteHouse website
Party website

Since 2003, Hoyer has been the second-ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives behind Nancy Pelosi. He is a two-time House majority leader, having previously served in the post from 2007 to 2011 under Speaker Pelosi. During two periods of Republican House control (2003–2007 and 2011–2019), Hoyer served as House minority whip, both times under Minority Leader Pelosi. Following the 2018 midterm elections in which the Democrats took control of the House, Hoyer was re-elected majority leader in January 2019 upon the opening of the 116th Congress; he remains the number two House Democrat behind Speaker Pelosi.

Contents

Hoyer was born in New York City, New York, and grew up in Mitchellville, Maryland, the son of Jean (née Baldwin) and Steen Theilgaard Høyer. His father was Danish and a native of Copenhagen; "Steny" is a variant of his father's name, "Steen". His mother was an American, with Scottish, German, and English ancestry, and a descendant of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He graduated from Suitland High School in Suitland, Maryland.

In his early years at the University of Maryland College Park, Hoyer held a 1.9 grade point average. His attitude towards school and politics changed after hearing a speech from then Senator John F. Kennedy before his election in 1960.[citation needed] In 1963, Hoyer received his B.A. degree magna cum laude and graduated Omicron Delta Kappa from the University of Maryland, College Park. He was also a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He earned his J.D. degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in 1966.

For four years, from 1962 to 1966, Hoyer was a member of the staff of United States Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland); also on Senator Brewster's staff at that time was Nancy Pelosi, who would later become a leadership colleague of Hoyer's.

In 1966, Hoyer won a newly created seat in the Maryland State Senate, representing Prince George's County-based Senate district 4C. The district, created in the aftermath of Reynolds v. Sims, was renumbered as the 26th district in 1975, the same year that Hoyer was elected President of the Maryland State Senate, the youngest in state history.

From 1969 to 1971, Hoyer served as the first vice president of the Young Democrats of America.

In 1978, Hoyer sought the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland as the running mate of then acting Governor Blair Lee III, but he lost to Samuel Bogley 37%–34%. In the same year, Hoyer was appointed to the Maryland Board of Higher Education, a position he served in until 1981.

Congressional portrait of Hoyer
Hoyer in 2007 as House Majority Leader

Elections

Fifth district Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election. She was reelected, but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness, and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981. Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, beating Spellman's husband Reuben by only 1,600 votes. He then defeated a better-funded Republican, Audrey Scott, in the May 19 special election by 56%–44%, earning himself the nickname of "boy wonder". In the 1982 general election, Hoyer won reelection to his first full term with 80% of the vote. He has faced only one relatively close contest since then, when he defeated future Governor of Maryland Larry Hogan with just 53% of the vote in 1992. His second worst performance was his 1996 bid against Republican State Delegate John Morgan, when he won reelection with 57% of the vote. Hoyer has been reelected 14 times with no substantive opposition, and is the longest-serving House member ever from southern Maryland.

Tenure

Domestic issues

Hoyer supports and has led on the Make It In America plan linking domestic manufacturing industry and overall US economic success.

Hoyer is pro-choice on abortion rights. He voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003. Hoyer supports affirmative action and LGBT rights. Hoyer is rated F by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun-control voting record.

In 2008, Hoyer said he opposed providing immunity to telecom companies, but then negotiated a bill, described by Senators Patrick Leahy and Russ Feingold as a "capitulation", that would provide immunity to any telecom company that had been told by the Bush administration that their actions were legal. "No matter how they spin it, this is still immunity," said Kevin Bankston, a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy rights group that has sued over President George W. Bush's wiretapping program. "It's not compromise, it's pure theater."

In a 2009 USA Today opinion piece regarding healthcare reform, Steny Hoyer wrote that "[d]rowning out opposing views is simply un-American."

In June 2010, Hoyer brought up the idea that Congress would extend only temporarily middle-class tax cuts that were set to expire at the end of the year, suggesting that making them permanent would cost too much. President Obama wanted to extend them permanently for individuals making less than $200,000 a year and families making less than $250,000.

Hoyer voted against the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in 1999. In 2019, Hoyer voted for the impeachment of President Trump. In 2021, Hoyer voted for the second impeachment of President Trump.

In February 2021, Hoyer made a passionate speech in Congress which has been viewed online more than two million times, criticising an incendiary Facebook post by new Republican congresswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene. The post featured a gun-toting Greene next to three members of the "Squad"— congresswomen Ilhan Omar, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Rashida Tlaib, with the caption "Democrats' Worst Nightmare". In his speech he compared Greene's words with those of Republican Congressman Steve King, who was removed from the Judiciary and Agriculture Committees in 2019 after comments he made to the New York Times questioning why white supremacy was considered offensive. Hoyer made the point that Taylor Greene's words both in that post and other posts she had made promoting baseless conspiracy theories, were far more offensive and incendiary than the comment which led Republicans to strip King of his committee roles. He asked his colleagues to on both sides of the aisle to 'do the decent thing' and strip Taylor Greene of her committee roles. The eventual vote succeeded, but only eleven Republicans joined Democrats to pass the motion by 230-199 to remove.

Foreign issues

Hoyer supports civilian nuclear cooperation with India.

Hoyer initially supported the Iraq War and was even recognized by the DLC for his vocal leadership on this issue. After the war became publicly unpopular, Hoyer said he favored a "responsible redeployment". However, he has repeatedly supported legislation to continue funding for the war without deadlines for troop withdrawal, most recently in return for increased funding of domestic projects.

Hoyer is a supporter of Israel, and has often been allied with American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). In September 2007, he criticized Rep. Jim Moran for suggesting that AIPAC "has pushed (the Iraq) war from the beginning", calling the comment "factually inaccurate." In January 2017, Hoyer voted for a House resolution condemning the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories a flagrant violation of international law and a major obstacle to peace. Hoyer supported President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

Hoyer has stated that a nuclear Iran is "unacceptable" and that the use of force remains an option.

In January 2019, Hoyer opposed President Donald Trump's planned withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria and Afghanistan as "impulsive, irresponsible, and dangerous." Hoyer supports former President Obama's call for authorizing limited but decisive military action in response to the Assad regime's alleged use of chemical weapons.

Hoyer is a former chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.

Legislation

On February 28, 2014, Hoyer introduced the bill To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date (H.R. 4120; 113th Congress) into the United States House of Representatives. The bill would extend until November 9, 2016, the authority of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, a nonprofit organization, to construct a museum on federal lands within the District of Columbia honoring law enforcement officers.

Fundraising

Hoyer is a prolific fundraiser for House Democrats. He has been the top giver to fellow party members in the House. In the 2008 election cycle, he contributed more than $1 million to the party and individual candidates as of July 14, 2008.

Party leadership

This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.(February 2021) ()
Then-President George W. Bush meets with soon to be Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi and soon to be House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer on November 9, 2006.
Hoyer with President Donald Trump in 2019

Hoyer has served as chairman of the Democratic Caucus, the fourth-ranking position among House Democrats, from 1989 to 1994; the former co-chair (and a current member) of the Democratic Steering Committee; and as the chief candidate recruiter for House Democrats from 1995 to 2000. He also served as Deputy Majority Whip from 1987 to 1989.

When David E. Bonior resigned as Minority Whip in early 2002, Hoyer ran but lost to Nancy Pelosi. After the 2002 midterm elections, Pelosi ran to succeed Dick Gephardt as Minority Leader, leaving the Minority Whip post open again. On November 14, 2002, Hoyer was unanimously elected by his colleagues in the Democratic Caucus to serve as the Minority Whip, the second-highest-ranking position among House Democrats.

Pelosi became the Speaker of the House in January 2007. Hoyer was elected by his colleagues to be House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress, defeating John Murtha of Pennsylvania by a vote of 149–86 within the caucus, despite Pelosi endorsing Murtha. Hoyer is the first Marylander to become Majority Leader. and became the highest-ranking federal lawmaker in Maryland history. In this post, Hoyer was the floor leader of the House Democrats and ranked second in the leadership after the Speaker who is the actual head of the majority party in the house.

The day after the 2010 midterm elections in which the Democrats lost control of the House, Hoyer had a private conversation with Pelosi and stated that he would not challenge her bid for Minority Leader (for Pelosi to remain Democratic House Leader). He ran for minority whip, but was challenged by outgoing Majority Whip Jim Clyburn (the top House Democrats wanted to remain in the leadership, but the minority party in the House has one less position). Hoyer is moderate while Pelosi and Clyburn are more liberal, and a significant number of Hoyer's would-be supporters in the House who were moderate and conservative Democrats had been defeated for reelection. The Congressional Black Caucus backed Clyburn, while 30 House Democrats have supported Hoyer, and Hoyer has also raised money and campaigned for many candidates. Hoyer received further support from outgoing Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard L. Berman, Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank, and outgoing Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry A. Waxman Pelosi intervened in the contest by supporting Hoyer as Minority Whip, while creating an "Assistant Leader" position for Clyburn which would keep him as the third-ranking Democrat in the House behind Pelosi and Hoyer (the existing "Assistant to the Leader" post formerly held by Chris Van Hollen is not officially part of the House leadership and was directly appointed by the Minority Leader).

Hoyer and the DCCC have been criticized for picking their preferred candidates through an undemocratic process. In 2018, it was reported that Hoyer sought to influence the primary race in Colorado's 6th congressional district. Hoyer was recorded urging progressive candidate Levi Tillemann to drop out of the race. Hoyer acknowledged that the DCCC had already identified its choice candidate and discouraged a candid discussion about his weaknesses. On November 28, 2018, Hoyer was selected to return as House Majority Leader.

Year Office Election Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1981 Congress, 5th district Special Steny Hoyer Democratic 42,573 55.81 Audrey Scott Republican 33,708 44.19
1982 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 83,937 79.58 William Guthrie Republican 21,533 20.42
1984 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 116,310 72.18 John Ritchie Republican 44,839 27.82
1986 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 82,098 81.93 John Sellner Republican 18,102 18.07
1988 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 128,437 78.63 John Sellner Republican 34,909 21.37
1990 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 84,747 80.66 Lee Breuer Republican 20,314 19.34
1992 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 113,280 55.0 Larry J. Hogan, Jr. Republican 92,636 45.0
1994 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 98,821 58.81 Donald Devine Republican 69,211 41.19
1996 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 121,288 56.92 John S. Morgan Republican 91,806 43.08
1998 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 126,792 65.37 Robert Ostrom Republican 67,176 34.36
2000 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 166,231 65.09 Thomas Hutchins Republican 89,019 34.86
2002 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 137,903 69.27 Joseph Crawford Republican 60,758 30.52
2004 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 204,867 68.67 Brad Jewitt Republican 87,189 29.93 Bob Auerbach Green 4,224 1.42
2006 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 168,114 82.69 Steve Warner Green 33,464 16.46 Write Ins: P.Kuhnert and Other 635 1,110 0.86
2008 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 253,854 73.6 Collins Bailey Republican 82,631 24.0 Darlene Nicholas Libertarian 7,829 2.3
2010 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 143,620 64.3 Charles Lollar Republican 79,122 35.6 H. Gavin Shickle Libertarian 2,399 1.1
2012 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 238,618 69.4 Tony O'Donnell Republican 95,271 27.7 Bob Auerbach Green 5,040 1.5 Arvin Vohra Libertarian 4,503 1.3
2014 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 144,725 64.0 Chris Chafee Republican 80,752 35.7 Write-ins 563 0.2
2016 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 242,989 67.4 Mark Arness Republican 105,931 29.4 Jason Summers Libertarian 11,078 3.1 Write-ins 606 0.2
2018 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 213,796 70.3 William Devine III Republican 82,361 27.1 Patrick Elder Green 4,082 1.3 Write-ins 279 0.1
2020 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 274,210 68.8 Chris Palombi Republican 123,525 31.0 write-ins 1,104 0.3

Hoyer has three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Stefany, from his marriage to Judy Pickett Hoyer, who died of cancer in February 1997. In June 2012, after Hoyer announced his support of same-sex marriage, his daughter Stefany Hoyer Hemmer came out as a lesbian in an interview with the Washington Blade.

His wife was an advocate of early childhood education, and child development learning centers in Maryland have been named in her honor ("Judy Centers"). She also suffered from epilepsy, and the Epilepsy Foundation of America sponsors an annual public lecture in her name. Hoyer, too, has been an advocate for research in this area, and the Epilepsy Foundation presented him in 2002 with their Congressional Leadership Award.

Hoyer serves on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland and is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, a nonprofit that supports international elections. He is also an Advisory Board Member for the Center for the Study of Democracy.

In July 2018, Hoyer was hospitalized at George Washington University Hospital for pneumonia.

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U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
fromMaryland's 5th congressional district

1981–present
Incumbent
Preceded by Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
1991–1993
Preceded by House Minority Whip
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Preceded by House Majority Leader
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Eric Cantor
House Minority Whip
2011–2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by House Majority Leader
2019–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the House Democratic Conference
1989–1995
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
4th
Succeeded by

Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer Article Talk Language Watch Edit Steny Hamilton Hoyer ˈ s t ɛ n i ˈ h ɔɪ er STENN ee HOY er born June 14 1939 is an American politician and attorney serving as the U S representative for Maryland s 5th congressional district since 1981 and as House Majority Leader since 2019 A Democrat Hoyer was first elected in a special election on May 19 1981 As of 2021 he is in his 20th term as a member of the House The district includes a large swath of rural and suburban territory southeast of Washington D C Hoyer is the dean of the Maryland congressional delegation and the most senior Democrat in the House Steny HoyerHouse Majority LeaderIncumbentAssumed office January 3 2019SpeakerNancy PelosiPreceded byKevin McCarthyIn office January 3 2007 January 3 2011SpeakerNancy PelosiPreceded byJohn BoehnerSucceeded byEric CantorHouse Minority WhipIn office January 3 2011 January 3 2019LeaderNancy PelosiPreceded byEric CantorSucceeded bySteve ScaliseIn office January 3 2003 January 3 2007LeaderNancy PelosiPreceded byNancy PelosiSucceeded byRoy BluntChair of the House Democratic CaucusIn office June 21 1989 January 3 1995LeaderTom FoleyPreceded byWilliam H Gray IIISucceeded byVic FazioVice Chair of the House Democratic CaucusIn office January 3 1989 June 21 1989LeaderJim WrightPreceded byMary Rose OakarSucceeded byVic FazioMember of the U S House of Representatives from Maryland s 5th districtIncumbentAssumed office May 19 1981Preceded byGladys Spellman82nd President of the Maryland SenateIn office January 3 1975 January 3 1978Preceded byWilliam S JamesSucceeded byJames A Clark Jr Member of the Maryland Senate from the 26th districtIn office January 3 1975 January 3 1978Preceded byConstituency establishedSucceeded byMike DonovanMember of the Maryland Senate from the 4C districtIn office January 1967 January 1975Preceded byconstituency establishedSucceeded byconstituency abolishedPersonal detailsBornSteny Hamilton Hoyer 1939 06 14 June 14 1939 age 82 New York City New York U S Political partyDemocraticSpouse s Judith Pickett m 1961 died 1997 wbr 1 Children3ResidenceMechanicsville Maryland U S EducationUniversity of Maryland College Park BA Georgetown University JD ProfessionPoliticianlawyerSignatureWebsiteHouse website Party website Since 2003 Hoyer has been the second ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives behind Nancy Pelosi He is a two time House majority leader having previously served in the post from 2007 to 2011 under Speaker Pelosi 2 3 During two periods of Republican House control 2003 2007 and 2011 2019 Hoyer served as House minority whip both times under Minority Leader Pelosi Following the 2018 midterm elections in which the Democrats took control of the House Hoyer was re elected majority leader in January 2019 upon the opening of the 116th Congress he remains the number two House Democrat behind Speaker Pelosi 4 5 Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Early political career 3 U S House of Representatives 3 1 Elections 3 2 Tenure 3 2 1 Domestic issues 3 2 2 Foreign issues 3 2 3 Legislation 3 2 4 Fundraising 3 3 Party leadership 4 Electoral history 5 Personal life 6 References 7 External linksEarly life and education EditHoyer was born in New York City New York and grew up in Mitchellville Maryland the son of Jean nee Baldwin and Steen Theilgaard Hoyer His father was Danish and a native of Copenhagen Steny is a variant of his father s name Steen 6 His mother was an American with Scottish German and English ancestry and a descendant of John Hart a signer of the Declaration of Independence 7 He graduated from Suitland High School in Suitland Maryland In his early years at the University of Maryland College Park Hoyer held a 1 9 grade point average His attitude towards school and politics changed after hearing a speech from then Senator John F Kennedy before his election in 1960 citation needed In 1963 Hoyer received his B A degree magna cum laude and graduated Omicron Delta Kappa from the University of Maryland College Park He was also a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity 8 He earned his J D degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington D C in 1966 8 Early political career EditFor four years from 1962 to 1966 Hoyer was a member of the staff of United States Senator Daniel Brewster D Maryland also on Senator Brewster s staff at that time was Nancy Pelosi who would later become a leadership colleague of Hoyer s 9 In 1966 Hoyer won a newly created seat in the Maryland State Senate representing Prince George s County based Senate district 4C 10 The district created in the aftermath of Reynolds v Sims was renumbered as the 26th district in 1975 8 11 the same year that Hoyer was elected President of the Maryland State Senate the youngest in state history 12 From 1969 to 1971 Hoyer served as the first vice president of the Young Democrats of America 13 In 1978 Hoyer sought the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland as the running mate of then acting Governor Blair Lee III but he lost to Samuel Bogley 37 34 14 In the same year Hoyer was appointed to the Maryland Board of Higher Education a position he served in until 1981 8 U S House of Representatives Edit Congressional portrait of Hoyer Hoyer in 2007 as House Majority Leader Hoyer speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver Colorado Hoyer with Barbara Mikulski presenting a photo to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip in Greenbelt Maryland Elections Edit Fifth district Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election She was reelected but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981 Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven way Democratic primary beating Spellman s husband Reuben by only 1 600 votes He then defeated a better funded Republican Audrey Scott in the May 19 special election by 56 44 earning himself the nickname of boy wonder 15 16 17 In the 1982 general election Hoyer won reelection to his first full term with 80 of the vote 18 He has faced only one relatively close contest since then when he defeated future Governor of Maryland Larry Hogan with just 53 of the vote in 1992 19 His second worst performance was his 1996 bid against Republican State Delegate John Morgan when he won reelection with 57 of the vote 20 Hoyer has been reelected 14 times with no substantive opposition and is the longest serving House member ever from southern Maryland 12 Tenure Edit Domestic issues Edit Hoyer supports and has led on the Make It In America plan linking domestic manufacturing industry and overall US economic success 21 Hoyer is pro choice on abortion rights 22 He voted against the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003 Hoyer supports affirmative action and LGBT rights Hoyer is rated F by the NRA indicating a pro gun control voting record In 2008 Hoyer said he opposed providing immunity to telecom companies but then negotiated a bill described by Senators Patrick Leahy and Russ Feingold as a capitulation that would provide immunity to any telecom company 23 that had been told by the Bush administration that their actions were legal 24 25 26 No matter how they spin it this is still immunity said Kevin Bankston a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation a privacy rights group that has sued over President George W Bush s wiretapping program It s not compromise it s pure theater 27 In a 2009 USA Today opinion piece regarding healthcare reform Steny Hoyer wrote that d rowning out opposing views is simply un American 28 In June 2010 Hoyer brought up the idea that Congress would extend only temporarily middle class tax cuts that were set to expire at the end of the year suggesting that making them permanent would cost too much President Obama wanted to extend them permanently for individuals making less than 200 000 a year and families making less than 250 000 29 Hoyer voted against the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in 1999 In 2019 Hoyer voted for the impeachment of President Trump 30 In 2021 Hoyer voted for the second impeachment of President Trump In February 2021 Hoyer made a passionate speech in Congress which has been viewed online more than two million times criticising an incendiary Facebook post by new Republican congresswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene The post featured a gun toting Greene next to three members of the Squad congresswomen Ilhan Omar Alexandria Ocasio Cortez and Rashida Tlaib with the caption Democrats Worst Nightmare In his speech he compared Greene s words with those of Republican Congressman Steve King who was removed from the Judiciary and Agriculture Committees in 2019 after comments he made to the New York Times questioning why white supremacy was considered offensive Hoyer made the point that Taylor Greene s words both in that post and other posts she had made promoting baseless conspiracy theories were far more offensive and incendiary than the comment which led Republicans to strip King of his committee roles He asked his colleagues to on both sides of the aisle to do the decent thing and strip Taylor Greene of her committee roles The eventual vote succeeded but only eleven Republicans joined Democrats to pass the motion by 230 199 to remove 31 Foreign issues Edit Hoyer supports civilian nuclear cooperation with India 32 Hoyer initially supported the Iraq War and was even recognized by the DLC for his vocal leadership on this issue After the war became publicly unpopular Hoyer said he favored a responsible redeployment 33 However he has repeatedly supported legislation to continue funding for the war without deadlines for troop withdrawal most recently in return for increased funding of domestic projects 34 Hoyer is a supporter of Israel and has often been allied with American Israel Public Affairs Committee AIPAC In September 2007 he criticized Rep Jim Moran for suggesting that AIPAC has pushed the Iraq war from the beginning calling the comment factually inaccurate 35 In January 2017 Hoyer voted for a House resolution condemning the UN Security Council Resolution 2334 which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories a flagrant violation of international law and a major obstacle to peace 36 Hoyer supported President Donald Trump s decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel s capital 37 Hoyer has stated that a nuclear Iran is unacceptable and that the use of force remains an option 38 In January 2019 Hoyer opposed President Donald Trump s planned withdrawal of U S troops from Syria and Afghanistan as impulsive irresponsible and dangerous 39 Hoyer supports former President Obama s call for authorizing limited but decisive military action in response to the Assad regime s alleged use of chemical weapons Hoyer is a former chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe Legislation Edit On February 28 2014 Hoyer introduced the bill To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date H R 4120 113th Congress into the United States House of Representatives 40 The bill would extend until November 9 2016 the authority of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund a nonprofit organization to construct a museum on federal lands within the District of Columbia honoring law enforcement officers 41 Fundraising Edit Hoyer is a prolific fundraiser for House Democrats He has been the top giver to fellow party members in the House In the 2008 election cycle he contributed more than 1 million to the party and individual candidates as of July 14 2008 42 Party leadership Edit This article s tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia See Wikipedia s guide to writing better articles for suggestions February 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Then President George W Bush meets with soon to be Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi and soon to be House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer on November 9 2006 Hoyer with President Donald Trump in 2019 Hoyer has served as chairman of the Democratic Caucus the fourth ranking position among House Democrats from 1989 to 1994 the former co chair and a current member of the Democratic Steering Committee and as the chief candidate recruiter for House Democrats from 1995 to 2000 He also served as Deputy Majority Whip from 1987 to 1989 8 When David E Bonior resigned as Minority Whip in early 2002 Hoyer ran but lost to Nancy Pelosi After the 2002 midterm elections Pelosi ran to succeed Dick Gephardt as Minority Leader leaving the Minority Whip post open again 43 On November 14 2002 Hoyer was unanimously elected by his colleagues in the Democratic Caucus to serve as the Minority Whip the second highest ranking position among House Democrats 12 Pelosi became the Speaker of the House in January 2007 Hoyer was elected by his colleagues to be House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress defeating John Murtha of Pennsylvania by a vote of 149 86 within the caucus despite Pelosi endorsing Murtha 2 44 Hoyer is the first Marylander to become Majority Leader 45 and became the highest ranking federal lawmaker in Maryland history 12 In this post Hoyer was the floor leader of the House Democrats and ranked second in the leadership after the Speaker who is the actual head of the majority party in the house The day after the 2010 midterm elections in which the Democrats lost control of the House Hoyer had a private conversation with Pelosi and stated that he would not challenge her bid for Minority Leader for Pelosi to remain Democratic House Leader 46 He ran for minority whip but was challenged by outgoing Majority Whip Jim Clyburn the top House Democrats wanted to remain in the leadership but the minority party in the House has one less position Hoyer is moderate while Pelosi and Clyburn are more liberal and a significant number of Hoyer s would be supporters in the House who were moderate and conservative Democrats had been defeated for reelection 47 48 49 The Congressional Black Caucus backed Clyburn while 30 House Democrats have supported Hoyer and Hoyer has also raised money and campaigned for many candidates 50 51 Hoyer received further support from outgoing Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard L Berman Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank and outgoing Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry A Waxman 52 Pelosi intervened in the contest by supporting Hoyer as Minority Whip while creating an Assistant Leader position for Clyburn which would keep him as the third ranking Democrat in the House behind Pelosi and Hoyer the existing Assistant to the Leader post formerly held by Chris Van Hollen is not officially part of the House leadership and was directly appointed by the Minority Leader 53 54 Hoyer and the DCCC have been criticized for picking their preferred candidates through an undemocratic process In 2018 it was reported that Hoyer sought to influence the primary race in Colorado s 6th congressional district Hoyer was recorded urging progressive candidate Levi Tillemann to drop out of the race Hoyer acknowledged that the DCCC had already identified its choice candidate and discouraged a candid discussion about his weaknesses 55 On November 28 2018 Hoyer was selected to return as House Majority Leader 4 5 Electoral history Edit 56 57 Year Office Election Subject Party Votes Opponent Party Votes Opponent Party Votes Opponent Party Votes 1981 Congress 5th district Special Steny Hoyer Democratic 42 573 55 81 Audrey Scott Republican 33 708 44 191982 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 83 937 79 58 William Guthrie Republican 21 533 20 421984 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 116 310 72 18 John Ritchie Republican 44 839 27 821986 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 82 098 81 93 John Sellner Republican 18 102 18 071988 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 128 437 78 63 John Sellner Republican 34 909 21 371990 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 84 747 80 66 Lee Breuer Republican 20 314 19 341992 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 113 280 55 0 Larry J Hogan Jr Republican 92 636 45 01994 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 98 821 58 81 Donald Devine Republican 69 211 41 191996 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 121 288 56 92 John S Morgan Republican 91 806 43 081998 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 126 792 65 37 Robert Ostrom Republican 67 176 34 362000 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 166 231 65 09 Thomas Hutchins Republican 89 019 34 862002 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 137 903 69 27 Joseph Crawford Republican 60 758 30 522004 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 204 867 68 67 Brad Jewitt Republican 87 189 29 93 Bob Auerbach Green 4 224 1 422006 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 168 114 82 69 Steve Warner Green 33 464 16 46 Write Ins P Kuhnert and Other 635 1 110 0 862008 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 253 854 73 6 Collins Bailey Republican 82 631 24 0 Darlene Nicholas Libertarian 7 829 2 32010 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 143 620 64 3 Charles Lollar Republican 79 122 35 6 H Gavin Shickle Libertarian 2 399 1 12012 58 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 238 618 69 4 Tony O Donnell Republican 95 271 27 7 Bob Auerbach Green 5 040 1 5 Arvin Vohra Libertarian 4 503 1 32014 59 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 144 725 64 0 Chris Chafee Republican 80 752 35 7 Write ins 563 0 22016 60 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 242 989 67 4 Mark Arness Republican 105 931 29 4 Jason Summers Libertarian 11 078 3 1 Write ins 606 0 22018 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 213 796 70 3 William Devine III Republican 82 361 27 1 Patrick Elder Green 4 082 1 3 Write ins 279 0 12020 61 Congress 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 274 210 68 8 Chris Palombi Republican 123 525 31 0 write ins 1 104 0 3Personal life EditHoyer has three daughters Anne Susan and Stefany from his marriage to Judy Pickett Hoyer who died of cancer in February 1997 1 In June 2012 after Hoyer announced his support of same sex marriage his daughter Stefany Hoyer Hemmer came out as a lesbian in an interview with the Washington Blade 62 His wife was an advocate of early childhood education and child development learning centers in Maryland have been named in her honor Judy Centers 63 She also suffered from epilepsy and the Epilepsy Foundation of America sponsors an annual public lecture in her name 64 Hoyer too has been an advocate for research in this area and the Epilepsy Foundation presented him in 2002 with their Congressional Leadership Award 65 Hoyer serves on the Board of Trustees for St Mary s College of Maryland 8 and is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems a nonprofit that supports international elections 66 He is also an Advisory Board Member for the Center for the Study of Democracy 67 In July 2018 Hoyer was hospitalized at George Washington University Hospital for pneumonia 68 69 References Edit a b Rasmussen Fred February 7 1997 Judith Hoyer 57 school official congressman s wife The Baltimore Sun Retrieved March 25 2019 a b Ferraro Thomas Cowan Richard November 16 2006 Corrected Democrats defy Pelosi elect Hoyer House leader Toronto Star Reuters Retrieved June 18 2018 Alexander Mooney November 16 2006 Hoyer beats out Murtha for majority leader CNN Political Ticker CNN Retrieved November 16 2006 a b McPherson Lindsey November 28 2018 Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader Roll Call a b Barker Jeff November 28 2018 Democrats select Maryland s Steny Hoyer to return as U S House majority leader Pelosi nominated for speaker The Baltimore Sun Valdez Jessica August 28 2004 For Hoyer a Balancing of Roles The Washington Post via majorityleader gov Steny Hoyer ancestry Ancestry com a b c d e f Steny H Hoyer U S Representative Maryland Maryland Manual On Line Maryland State Archives January 3 2019 Retrieved January 27 2020 Jonathan Weisman and Lois Romano November 16 2006 Pelosi Splits Democrats With Push For Murtha The Washington Post Retrieved November 16 2006 Maryland Senate Legislative District 4 4A 4B 4C msa maryland gov Our Campaigns MD State Senate 26 Race Nov 05 1974 www ourcampaigns com a b c d Biography of Steny Hoyer Retrieved November 18 2006 YDA past officers 1932 2019 Young Democrats of America 2019 Retrieved January 27 2020 Our Campaigns MD Lt Governor D Primary Race Sep 12 1978 www ourcampaigns com Shailagh Murray Political Pragmatism Carried Hoyer to the Top The Washington Post page A6 Friday November 17 2006 Our Campaigns MD District 5 Special D Primary Race Apr 07 1981 www ourcampaigns com Our Campaigns MD District 5 Special Election Race May 19 1981 www ourcampaigns com Our Campaigns MD District 5 Race Nov 02 1982 www ourcampaigns com Our Campaigns MD District 5 Race Nov 03 1992 www ourcampaigns com Our Campaigns Candidate Steny H Hoyer www ourcampaigns com House Democrats Make It In America Plan The Office of Majority Leader Steny Hoyer June 13 2016 Retrieved December 31 2020 Steny Hoyer on the Issues On the Issues Retrieved January 12 2021 House Prepares to Debate New Surveillance Law CNBC Associated Press June 20 2008 Retrieved December 5 2018 Sargent Greg October 25 2007 Steny Hoyer Says Some Strong Words Against Telecom Immunity Election Central Talking Points Memo Archived from the original on April 7 2008 Retrieved June 18 2008 Fertik Bob June 15 2008 Wiretapping Impeachment Not Immunity Democrats com Archived from the original on June 18 2008 Retrieved June 17 2008 Greenwald Glenn June 17 2008 Targeting Steny Hoyer for his contempt for the rule of law Salon com Retrieved June 19 2008 Lichtblau Eric June 20 2008 Deal Reached in Congress to Rewrite Rules on Wiretapping The New York Times Retrieved May 24 2010 Pelosi Nancy Hoyer Steny August 10 2009 Un American attacks can t derail health care debate USA Today Archived from the original on January 18 2010 Retrieved August 23 2010 Hoyer Permanent middle class tax cuts too costly The Columbian Vancouver Washington Associated Press June 22 2010 Retrieved January 12 2021 Panetta Grace December 18 2019 WHIP COUNT Here s which members of the House voted for and against impeaching Trump Business Insider Batchelor Tom February 5 2021 Steny Hoyer s viral speech denouncing Marjorie Taylor Greene viewed 2 million times Newsweek Retrieved February 24 2021 Roll Call 541 Bill Number H R 5682 Office of the Clerk U S House of Representatives December 8 2006 Retrieved April 27 2018 Rep Steny Hoyer newsroom Archived from the original on July 25 2007 Weisman Jonathan Kane Paul December 8 2007 Hill Close To Deal on War Funds The Washington Post Retrieved May 24 2010 Soraghan Mike September 18 2007 Hoyer takes aim at Moran s AIPAC comment The Hill Retrieved September 19 2007 House votes to rebuke UN on Israeli settlement resolution The Hill January 5 2017 In US Congress robust backing for Trump s Jerusalem move The Times of Israel December 6 2017 Krieger Hillary Leila January 7 2007 Democrats Nuclear Iran unacceptable The Jerusalem Post Retrieved January 8 2007 Don t Let Democrats Become the Party of War Foreign Policy February 4 2019 H R 4120 All Actions Congress gov Library of Congress Retrieved April 30 2014 CBO H R 4120 Congressional Budget Office Retrieved April 28 2014 Hoyer Is a Giver Congressional Quarterly July 14 2008 Hoyer has won contested leadership races before FoxNews com Fox News November 5 2010 CNN Scramble is on to replace Congressional leaders CNN November 9 2006 Retrieved November 9 2006 About the Majority Leader Office of the House Democratic Majority Leader Archived from the original on January 15 2007 Murphy Patricia November 3 2010 Nancy Pelosi Has No Regrets Following Midterm Rout The Capitolist Politics Daily Archived from the original on November 4 2010 Camia Catalina November 8 2010 Democrats Hoyer Clyburn fight for leadership post USA Today Hire Hoyer The Washington Post O Connor Patrick November 8 2010 Hoyer Clyburn An Impromptu Leadership Fight The Wall Street Journal High Profile Dems Back Hoyer In Whip Race Burner Darcy May 25 2011 The Progressive Case for Steny Hoyer as Minority Whip Huffington Post Kane Paul November 10 2010 In race for whip Hoyer gets liberals support The Washington Post Rowley James November 13 2010 Pelosi Heads Off Democratic Leadership Fight Backs Hoyer for No 2 Post Bloomberg Assistant leader for Clyburn Fang Lee April 26 2018 SECRETLY TAPED AUDIO REVEALS DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP PRESSURING PROGRESSIVE TO LEAVE RACE The Intercept Retrieved April 26 2018 CQ Press Library library cqpress com Archived from the original on February 16 2016 MD District 5 Special Election Race May 19 1981 Our Campaigns Retrieved August 23 2010 Official 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress Maryland State Board of Elections November 28 2012 Retrieved December 27 2012 Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress Maryland State Board of Elections December 2 2014 Retrieved October 18 2015 Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress Maryland State Board of Elections December 9 2016 Retrieved May 26 2017 Official 2020 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress Maryland State Board of Elections December 4 2020 Retrieved October 18 2015 Pershing Ben June 6 2012 Steny Hoyer s daughter comes out as a lesbian The Washington Post The Judy Center website Archived from the original on March 1 2007 Retrieved November 18 2006 Epilepsy Foundation announcement of Judith Hoyer lectureship program Epilepsy Foundation January 28 2002 Archived from the original on October 28 2007 Retrieved November 18 2006 Epilepsy Foundation Recognizes the Honorable Steny H Hoyer For Longstanding Support Epilepsy Foundation March 26 2002 Archived from the original on December 14 2007 Retrieved November 18 2006 Board International Foundation for Electoral Systems 2018 Retrieved July 5 2018 Advisory Board Center for the Study of Democracy Center for the Study of Democracy Archived from the original on April 27 2018 Retrieved July 6 2017 Ehrlich Jamie July 4 2018 Steny Hoyer admitted to hospital diagnosed with pneumonia CNN Retrieved July 5 2018 Schwartzman Paul July 4 2018 Maryland Rep Steny Hoyer Hospitalized with Pneumonia The Washington Post Retrieved July 5 2018 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Steny Hoyer Wikisource has original text related to this article Steny HoyerCongressman Steny Hoyer official U S House website Office of the Majority Leader Steny Hoyer Steny Hoyer at CurlieBiography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Vote Smart Financial information federal office at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress Appearances on C SPANU S House of RepresentativesPreceded byGladys Spellman Member of the U S House of Representatives from Maryland s 5th congressional district 1981 present IncumbentPreceded byAl D Amato Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission 1987 1989 Succeeded byDennis DeConciniPreceded byDennis DeConcini Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission 1991 1993Preceded byNancy Pelosi House Minority Whip 2003 2007 Succeeded byRoy BluntPreceded byJohn Boehner House Majority Leader 2007 2011 Succeeded byEric CantorPreceded byEric Cantor House Minority Whip 2011 2019 Succeeded bySteve ScalisePreceded byKevin McCarthy House Majority Leader 2019 present IncumbentParty political officesPreceded byMary Rose Oakar Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference 1989 Succeeded byVic FazioPreceded byWilliam Gray Chair of the House Democratic Conference 1989 1995U S order of precedence ceremonial Preceded byChris Smith United States representatives by seniority 4th Succeeded byMarcy Kaptur Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Steny Hoyer amp oldid 1062535308, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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