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Steps and skips

In music, a step, or conjunct motion, is the difference in pitch between two consecutive notes of a musical scale. In other words, it is the interval between two consecutive scale degrees. Any larger interval is called a skip (also called a leap), or disjunct motion.

Step: major second. (help·)
Skip: Major third. (help·)
A chorale melody containing only steps, no skips: "Jesu, Leiden, Pein, und Tod". (help·)

In the diatonic scale, a step is either a minor second (sometimes also called half step) or a major second (sometimes also called whole step), with all intervals of a minor third or larger being skips. For example, C to D (major second) is a step, whereas C to E (major third) is a skip.

More generally, a step is a smaller or narrower interval in a musical line, and a skip is a wider or larger interval with the categorization of intervals into steps and skips is determined by the tuning system and the pitch space used.

Melodic motion in which the interval between any two consecutive pitches is no more than a step, or, less strictly, where skips are rare, is called stepwise or conjunct melodic motion, as opposed to skipwise or disjunct melodic motion, characterized by frequent skips.

Contents

In the major scale or any of its modes, a step will always be a movement of 1 or 2 semitones, and a skip a movement of 3 or more semitones.

In other scales an augmented second—an incomposite step equivalent to 3 semitones—and/or a diminished third—a skip of 2 semitones—may be possible.

"Pop Goes the Weasel" melody is primarily steps. (help·)
Webern's Variations for orchestra (1940), op. 30 (pp.23–24) melody is primarily skips.Play (help·)

Melody may be characterized by its degree and type of conjunct and disjunct motion. For example, Medieval plainchant melodies are generally characterized by conjunct motion with occasional thirds, fourths, and generally ascending fifths while larger intervals are quite rare though octave leaps may occur between two separate phrases. Renaissance melodies are generally characterized by conjunct motion, with only occasional leaps of more than a fifth and then rarely anything but a sixth or octave. In contrast, melody in the 20th century varied greatly including the diatonic idiom of the 18th century (Classical), the variety of idioms from the 19th century (Romantic), and newer nondiatonic scales in the 20th century. Some of these later idioms included many or predominantly leaps.

  1. Bonds, Mark Evan (2006). A History of Music in Western Culture, p.123. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-13-193104-0.
  2. Kliewer, Vernon (1975). "Melody: Linear Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music", Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music, p.270-301. Wittlich, Gary (ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-049346-5.
  3. Marquis, G. Welton (1964). Twentieth Century Music Idioms, p.2. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  4. Bonds (2006), p.43.
  5. Bonds (2006), p.540.

Steps and skips
Steps and skips Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Step music In music a step or conjunct motion 1 is the difference in pitch between two consecutive notes of a musical scale In other words it is the interval between two consecutive scale degrees Any larger interval is called a skip also called a leap or disjunct motion 1 Step major second Play help info Skip Major third Play help info A chorale melody containing only steps no skips Jesu Leiden Pein und Tod Play help info In the diatonic scale a step is either a minor second sometimes also called half step or a major second sometimes also called whole step with all intervals of a minor third or larger being skips For example C to D major second is a step whereas C to E major third is a skip More generally a step is a smaller or narrower interval in a musical line and a skip is a wider or larger interval with the categorization of intervals into steps and skips is determined by the tuning system and the pitch space used Melodic motion in which the interval between any two consecutive pitches is no more than a step or less strictly where skips are rare is called stepwise or conjunct melodic motion as opposed to skipwise or disjunct melodic motion characterized by frequent skips Contents 1 Half steps 2 Melody 3 See also 4 ReferencesHalf steps EditIn the major scale or any of its modes a step will always be a movement of 1 or 2 semitones and a skip a movement of 3 or more semitones In other scales an augmented second an incomposite step equivalent to 3 semitones and or a diminished third a skip of 2 semitones may be possible Melody Edit Pop Goes the Weasel melody 2 is primarily steps Play help info Webern s Variations for orchestra 1940 op 30 pp 23 24 melody 3 is primarily skips Play help info Melody may be characterized by its degree and type of conjunct and disjunct motion For example Medieval plainchant melodies are generally characterized by conjunct motion with occasional thirds fourths and generally ascending fifths while larger intervals are quite rare though octave leaps may occur between two separate phrases 4 Renaissance melodies are generally characterized by conjunct motion with only occasional leaps of more than a fifth and then rarely anything but a sixth or octave 1 In contrast melody in the 20th century varied greatly including the diatonic idiom of the 18th century Classical the variety of idioms from the 19th century Romantic and newer nondiatonic scales in the 20th century 5 Some of these later idioms included many or predominantly leaps See also EditColtrane changes Giant Steps composition Linear progression Transposition music References Edit a b c Bonds Mark Evan 2006 A History of Music in Western Culture p 123 2nd ed ISBN 0 13 193104 0 Kliewer Vernon 1975 Melody Linear Aspects of Twentieth Century Music Aspects of Twentieth Century Music p 270 301 Wittlich Gary ed Englewood Cliffs New Jersey Prentice Hall ISBN 0 13 049346 5 Marquis G Welton 1964 Twentieth Century Music Idioms p 2 Prentice Hall Inc Englewood Cliffs New Jersey Bonds 2006 p 43 Bonds 2006 p 540 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Steps and skips amp oldid 1012497526, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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