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Stéphane Grappelli

Stéphane Grappelli (French pronunciation: ​; 26 January 1908 – 1 December 1997, born Stefano Grappelli) was a French-Italian jazz violinist. He is best known as a founder of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt in 1934. It was one of the first all-string jazz bands. He has been called "the grandfather of jazz violinists" and continued playing concerts around the world well into his eighties.

Stéphane Grappelli
Grappelli in 1976, by Allan Warren
Background information
Birth nameStefano Grappelli
Born(1908-01-26)26 January 1908
Paris, France
Died1 December 1997(1997-12-01) (aged 89)
Paris, France
GenresSwing, continental jazz, gypsy jazz
Occupation(s)Musician
InstrumentsViolin, piano, saxophone, accordion
Associated actsDjango Reinhardt, Quintette du Hot Club de France, Yehudi Menuhin, Oscar Peterson, David Grisman

For the first three decades of his career, he was billed using a gallicised spelling of his last name, Grappelly, reverting to Grappelli in 1969. The latter, Italian spelling is now used almost universally when referring to the violinist, including reissues of his early work.

Contents

Early years

Grappelli was born at Hôpital Lariboisière in Paris, France, and christened with the name Stefano. His father, Italian marchese[citation needed] Ernesto Grappelli, was born in Alatri, Lazio, while his French mother, Anna Emilie Hanoque, was from St-Omer. Ernesto was a scholar who taught Italian, sold translations, and wrote articles for local journals. Grappelli's mother died when he was five, leaving his father to care for him. Although he was residing in France when World War I began, Ernesto was still an Italian citizen, and was consequently drafted into the Italian Army in 1914.

Having written about American dancer Isadora Duncan, who was living in Paris, Ernesto appealed to her to care for his son. Stéphane was enrolled in Duncan's dance school at the age of six, and he learned to love French Impressionist music. With the war encroaching, Duncan as an American citizen fled the country; she turned over her château to be used as a military hospital. Ernesto subsequently entrusted his son to a Catholic orphanage. Grappelli said of this time:

I look back at it as an abominable memory ... The Place was supposed to be under the eye of the government, but the government looked elsewhere. We slept on the floor, and often were without food. There were many times when I had to fight for a crust of bread

Grappelli compared his early life to a Dickens novel, and said that he once tried to eat flies to ease his hunger. He stayed at the orphanage until his father returned from the war in 1918, settling them in an apartment in Barbès. Having been sickened by his experiences with the Italian military, Ernesto took Stéphane to city hall, pulled two witnesses off the street, and had his son naturalized as a French citizen on 28 July 1919. His first name, "Stefano", was Gallicized to "Stéphane". Grappelli began playing the violin at the age of 12 on a three-quarter-sized violin, which his father purchased by pawning a suit. Although Stéphane received violin lessons, he preferred to learn the instrument on his own:

My first lessons were in the streets, watching how other violinists played ...The first violinist that I saw play was at the Barbès métro station, sheltered under the overhead metro tracks. When I asked how one should play, he exploded in laughter. I left, completely humiliated with my violin under my arm.

After a brief period of independent learning, Grappelli was enrolled at the Conservatoire de Paris on 31 December 1920, which his father hoped would give him a chance to learn music theory, ear-training, and solfeggio. In 1923, Grappelli graduated with a second-tier medal. Around this time, his father married a woman named Anna Fuchs and moved to Strasbourg. Grappelli remained in Paris because he disliked Fuchs.

At the age of 15, Grappelli began busking full-time to support himself. His playing caught the attention of an elderly violinist, who invited him to accompany silent films in the pit orchestra at the Théâtre Gaumont. He played there for six hours daily over a two-year period. During orchestra breaks, he visited Le Boudon, a brasserie, where he would listen to songs from an American proto-jukebox. Here he was introduced to jazz. In 1928, Grappelli was a member of the orchestra at the Ambassador Hotel while bandleader Paul Whiteman and jazz violinist Joe Venuti were performing there. Jazz violinists were rare, and though Venuti played mainly commercial jazz themes and seldom improvised, Grappelli was struck by his bowing when he played "Dinah". As a result, Grappelli began developing a jazz-influenced style of violin music.

Grappelli lived with Michel Warlop, a classically trained violinist. Warlop admired Grappelli's jazz-inspired playing, while Grappelli envied Warlop's income. After experimenting with the piano, Grappelli stopped playing the violin, choosing simplicity, a new sound, and paid performances over familiarity. He began playing piano in a big band led by a musician called Grégor. In 1929, after a night of drinking, Grégor learned that Grappelli used to play the violin. Grégor borrowed a violin and asked Grappelli to improvise over "Dinah". Delighted by what he heard, Grégor urged Grappelli to return to playing the violin.

In 1930, Grégor ran into financial trouble. He was involved in an automobile accident that resulted in several deaths, and fled to South America to avoid arrest. Grégor's band reunited as a jazz ensemble under the leadership of pianist Alain Romans and saxophonist André Ekyan. While playing with this band, Grappelli met gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt in 1931. Looking for a violinist interested in jazz, he invited Grappelli to play with him in his caravan. Although the two played for hours that afternoon, their commitments to their respective bands prevented them from pursuing a career together.

In 1934 they met again at Claridge's in London, England, and began a musical partnership. Pierre Nourry, the secretary of the Hot Club de France, invited Reinhardt and Grappelli to form the Quintette du Hot Club de France, with Louis Vola on bass and Joseph Reinhardt and Roger Chaput on guitar.

Also located in the Montmartre district was the artistic salon of R-26, at which Grappelli and Reinhardt performed regularly.

The Quintette du Hot Club de France disbanded in 1939 upon the outbreak of World War II; Grappelli was in London at the time, and stayed there for the duration of the war. In 1940, jazz pianist George Shearing made his debut as a sideman in Grappelli's band.

Post-war

Stephane Grappelli in London

When the war was over, Reinhardt came to England for a reunion with Grappelli. They recorded some titles in London with the "English Quintette" during January and February 1946 for EMI and Decca, using a rhythm section consisting of English guitarists Jack Llewelyn and Alan Hodgkiss together with the Jamaican jazz bassist Coleridge Goode. Grappelli chose to remain in England, while Reinhardt returned to Paris before undertaking an only moderately successful visit to America, where he performed in a new style using an amplified archtop guitar with Duke Ellington's orchestra. On Reinhardt's return, he and Grappelli reunited periodically for concerts on occasions when the latter was visiting Paris; however, the pre-war Quintette was never re-formed. The pair also briefly toured Italy, where they were supported by an Italian rhythm section of piano, bass and drums; the tour was documented, with around 50 tracks recorded for an Italian radio station, about half of which can be heard on the album Djangology (released in 2005). This was to be the last set of recordings featuring the pair, with Reinhardt moving into a more bebop/modern jazz idiom and playing with younger French musicians prior to his early death in 1953, aged only 43.

Throughout the 1950s, Grappelli made occasional visits to the recording studio, but the opportunities for a swing violinist of his generation were becoming limited; despite attempts to modernise his style, Grappelli was never particularly interested in the bebop style which was then fashionable in the jazz world. He made a brief filmed appearance in Paul Paviot's 1957 film Django Reinhardt, in which he plays "Minor Swing" alongside Joseph Reinhardt, Henri Crolla and others. In the 1960s, Grappelli made regular appearances on the BBC Light Programme, French Public Radio, and the pirate station Radio Luxembourg. In 1967, he returned to Paris to take up a regular engagement providing music for diners at the "Le Toit de Paris" restaurant in the Paris Hilton Hotel, a position he kept up until 1972, for it provided regular work plus accommodation at the hotel. He played in a standard "lounge jazz" format, accompanied by a pianist and drummer. Grappelli was making a living, but by now had very little impact on the jazz world.

In 1971, British chat-show host Michael Parkinson, a longtime jazz fan, came up with the idea of including Grappelli on his show, where he would be joined by the classical violinist Yehudi Menuhin, with the two musicians performing a duet. Although Menuhin had no jazz training and a distinctly classical style of playing, the result went down very well with the British public. The pair went on to record three collaborative albums between 1972 and 1976, with Menuhin playing parts written out by Grappelli while the latter improvised in a classic jazz fashion. During their appearance on Parkinson's show, Menuhin played his prized Stradivari dating from 1714, while Grappelli revealed his instrument was made by Goffredo Cappa in 1695.

In 1973, British guitarist Diz Disley had the idea of prising Grappelli away from his "lounge jazz" format with piano players to play once again with the backing of acoustic guitars and double bass, re-creating a version of the "Hot Club" sound, but now with Grappelli as sole leader. Grappelli's reservations about returning to this format were dissipated following a rapturous reception for the "new" (old) format group at that year's Cambridge Folk Festival, after which he favoured the guitar-based trio (with double bass) for a series of increasingly successful concert tours around the globe. These tours would virtually occupy the remainder of Grappelli's life; away from the touring circuit, however, he also favoured numerous other instrumental combinations on record. Other guitarists in the British "Diz Disley Trio" providing his instrumental backing over the years included Denny Wright, Ike Isaacs, the Irish guitarist Louis Stewart, John Etheridge and Martin Taylor, while double bass was often provided by Dutchman Jack Sewing; in his later years, Grappelli also used a Parisian trio which included guitarist Marc Fosset and bassist Patrice Carratini.

In April 1973, Grappelli performed with great success during a week at "Jazz Power" in Milan, accompanied by such notable Italian jazz musicians as guitarist Franco Cerri, bassist/arranger Pino Presti and drummer Tullio De Piscopo.

Grappelli played on hundreds of recordings, including sessions with Duke Ellington, jazz pianists Oscar Peterson, Michel Petrucciani and Claude Bolling, jazz violinists Svend Asmussen, Jean-Luc Ponty, and Stuff Smith, Indian classical violinist L. Subramaniam, vibraphonist Gary Burton, pop singer Paul Simon, mandolin player David Grisman, classical violinist Yehudi Menuhin, orchestral conductor André Previn, guitar player Bucky Pizzarelli, guitar player Joe Pass, cello player Yo Yo Ma, harmonica and jazz guitar player Toots Thielemans, jazz guitarist Henri Crolla, bassist Jon Burr and fiddler Mark O'Connor.

Grappelli recorded a solo for the title track of Pink Floyd's 1975 album Wish You Were Here. This was made almost inaudible in the mix, and so the violinist was not credited, according to Roger Waters, as it would be "a bit of an insult".[citation needed] A remastered version with Grappelli's contribution fully audible can be found on the 2011 editions of Wish You Were Here.

Grappelli made a cameo appearance in the 1978 film King of the Gypsies with mandolinist David Grisman. Three years later they performed in concert. In the 1980s he gave several concerts with British cellist Julian Lloyd Webber. In 1997, Grappelli received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He is an inductee of the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame.

Grappelli continued touring with great success up to the last year of his life; in 1997, although his health was by now poor, he toured the United Kingdom in March and then played concerts in Australia and New Zealand, giving his last public performance in Christchurch, New Zealand, before returning to Paris via Hong Kong. He made his final recording, four tracks with the classical violinist Iwao Furusawa, plus guitarist Marc Fosset and bassist Philippe Viret, in Paris in August 1996 (released as As Time Goes By: Stéphane Grappelli and Iwao Furusawa).

Grappelli's final resting place in crypt 417 of Division 87 (Columbarium) at Pere Lachaise Cemetery

In May 1935, Grappelli had a brief affair with Sylvia Caro that resulted in a daughter named Evelyne. Sylvia remained in Paris with her daughter for the duration of World War II. Father and daughter were reunited in 1946 when Evelyne travelled to London from France to stay with Grappelli for about a year. From 1952 to 1980 he shared much of his life with a female friend, Jean Barclay, for whom he felt a deep brotherly affection. Grappelli never married, however, and it is widely accepted that he was gay; in 1981 he met Joseph Oldenhove, who would be his companion until his death.

Grappelli died in Paris on 1 December 1997, suffering heart failure after a series of minor cerebral attacks. His funeral, on 5 December, took place at the Église Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Paris, within sight of the entrance to the Lariboisière Hospital where he had been born 89 years earlier. His body was cremated and his ashes entombed in the city's Père Lachaise Cemetery.

He is the subject of the documentary Stephane Grappelli - A Life in the Jazz Century.

Albums

  • Djangology: Django Reinhardt, the Gypsy Genius (1936 to 1940, released in 2005, Bluebird)
  • Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt the Gold Edition (1934 to 1937, copyright 1998)
  • Unique Piano Session Paris 1955 (1955, Jazz Anthology)
  • Improvisations (Paris, 1956)
  • Feeling + Finesse = Jazz (1962, Atlantic)
  • Afternoon in Paris (1971, MPS)
  • Manoir de Mes Reves (1972, Musidisc)
  • Homage to Django (1972, released 1976, Classic Jazz)
  • Stéphane Grappelli (1973, Pye)
  • Black Lion at Montreux with the Black Lion All-stars (Black Lion), recorded 4 July 1973
  • Just One of Those Things! (1973, Black Lion) Recorded at the 1973 Montreaux Jazz Festival
  • I Got Rhythm! (1974, Black Lion) with The Hot Club of London (Diz Disley/Denny Wright/Len Skeat), recorded at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London, 5 November 1973
  • The Talk of the Town (1975, Black Lion) with Alan Clare
  • Satin Doll (1975, Vanguard)
  • Parisian Thoroughfare with Roland Hanna/Mel Lewis/George Mraz (1975, Arista/Freedom)
  • The Rock Peter and the Wolf (1976, RSO)
  • +Cordes (1977, Musidisc)
  • Steph 'n' Us (1977, Cherry Pie) with Don Burrows & George Golla - AUS #38
  • Live at Carnegie Hall (1978, Signature)
  • Uptown Dance (1978, Columbia)
  • Young Django (1979, MPS) with Philip Catherine/Larry Coryell/Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
  • Stéphane Grappelli '80 (1980, Happy Bird)
  • Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen, Denmark (Pablo Live, 1980)
  • Live at Carnegie Hall (1983, Dr Jazz) with Diz Disley/John Etheridge/Brian Torff
  • Vintage 1981 (1981, Concord)
  • Just One of Those Things (1984, EMI)
  • Grappelli Plays George Gershwin (1984, Musidisc)
  • Fascinating Rhythm (1986, Jazz Life)
  • Live in San Francisco (1986, Blackhawk)
  • Classic Sessions: Stéphane Grappelli with Phil Woods and Louie Bellson (1987, RTV)
  • Stéphane Grappelli Plays Jerome Kern (1987, GRP)
  • The Intimate Grappelli (1988, Jazz Life)
  • How Can You Miss with Louie Bellson and Phil Woods (1989, Rushmore)
  • Jazz 'Round Midnight (1989, Verve)
  • My Other Love (1991, Colombia) - Grappelli performs on solo piano
  • Stéphane Grappelli in Tokyo (1991, A&M)
  • Bach to the Beatles (1991, Academy Sound)
  • Live 1992 (1992, Verve)
  • 85 and Still Swinging (1993, Angel)
  • Live at the Blue Note (1996, Telarc)
  • Crazy Rhythm (1996/2000, Pulse)
  • Parisian Thoroughfare (1997, Laserlight)

Collaborations

Film scores

  1. "French Jazz Violinist Stephane Grappelli Dead At 89". Cyberbites.com. Retrieved18 October 2020.
  2. Dregni 2004, p. 70.
  3. Smith, Geoffrey (2 December 1997). "Obituary: Stephane Grappelli". The Independent. Retrieved23 August 2018.
  4. Dregni 2004, p. 71.
  5. Dregni 2004, p. 72.
  6. Dregni 2004, p. 73.
  7. Dregni 2004, p. 74.
  8. Dregni, Michael (2006). Django Reinhardt and the Illustrated History of Gypsy Jazz. Speck Press. pp. 45–59. ISBN 978-1-933108-10-0.
  9. Grappelli, Stéphane (1992). Mon Violon Pour Tout Bagage. Éditions Calmann-Lévy, Paris.[page needed]
  10. Balmer, chapters 13, 14, 15.
  11. "Stéphane Grappelli – A tribute introduced by Yehudi Menuhin", Daily Motion, 31 December 1997.
  12. Vittorio Franchini, Stéphane Grappelli, a Milano mostro sacro del Jazz, Corriere della Sera, 27 April 1973
  13. Balmer, Paul (2003). Stéphane Grappelli: With and Without Django. Sanctuary. pp. 96, 142. ISBN 9781860744532.
  14. Balmer, Paul (2003). Stéphane Grappelli: A Life in Jazz. Bobcat Books. pp. 161–163. ISBN 9781847725769.
  15. Grappelli, Stéphane; Oldenhove, Joseph; Bramy, Jean-Marc (1994). Stéphane Grappelli - Mon violon pour tout bagage. Calmann-Levy. ISBN 9782702151136.
  16. Ake, David (2004). "Jazz". In Kimmel, Michael; Aronson, Amy (eds.). Men and Masculinities. 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 438. ISBN 9781576077740.
  17. "Obituary: Stephane Grappelli". The Telegraph, 2 December 1997.
  18. Balmer, p. 274.
  19. Stephane Grappelli - A Life in the Jazz Century at Music On Earth productions.
  20. Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 129. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  21. "Adelaide Hall: A rare BBC Recording (1939) resurfaced: You're blasé (HD)". YouTube. Retrieved27 July 2021.

Bibliography

Stéphane Grappelli
Stephane Grappelli Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Stephane Grappelli Stephane Grappelli French pronunciation stefan ɡʁapɛli 26 January 1908 1 December 1997 born Stefano Grappelli was a French Italian jazz violinist He is best known as a founder of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt in 1934 It was one of the first all string jazz bands He has been called the grandfather of jazz violinists and continued playing concerts around the world well into his eighties 1 Stephane GrappelliGrappelli in 1976 by Allan WarrenBackground informationBirth nameStefano GrappelliBorn 1908 01 26 26 January 1908 Paris FranceDied1 December 1997 1997 12 01 aged 89 Paris FranceGenresSwing continental jazz gypsy jazzOccupation s MusicianInstrumentsViolin piano saxophone accordionAssociated actsDjango Reinhardt Quintette du Hot Club de France Yehudi Menuhin Oscar Peterson David Grisman For the first three decades of his career he was billed using a gallicised spelling of his last name Grappelly reverting to Grappelli in 1969 The latter Italian spelling is now used almost universally when referring to the violinist including reissues of his early work Contents 1 Biography 1 1 Early years 1 2 Post war 2 Personal life and legacy 3 Discography 3 1 Albums 3 2 Collaborations 3 3 Film scores 4 References 4 1 Bibliography 5 Further reading 6 External linksBiography EditEarly years Edit Grappelli was born at Hopital Lariboisiere in Paris France and christened with the name Stefano His father Italian marchese citation needed Ernesto Grappelli was born in Alatri Lazio while his French mother Anna Emilie Hanoque was from St Omer Ernesto was a scholar who taught Italian sold translations and wrote articles for local journals 2 Grappelli s mother died when he was five leaving his father to care for him 3 Although he was residing in France when World War I began Ernesto was still an Italian citizen and was consequently drafted into the Italian Army in 1914 Having written about American dancer Isadora Duncan who was living in Paris Ernesto appealed to her to care for his son Stephane was enrolled in Duncan s dance school at the age of six and he learned to love French Impressionist music With the war encroaching Duncan as an American citizen fled the country she turned over her chateau to be used as a military hospital 4 Ernesto subsequently entrusted his son to a Catholic orphanage Grappelli said of this time I look back at it as an abominable memory The Place was supposed to be under the eye of the government but the government looked elsewhere We slept on the floor and often were without food There were many times when I had to fight for a crust of bread 4 Grappelli compared his early life to a Dickens novel 3 and said that he once tried to eat flies to ease his hunger 4 He stayed at the orphanage until his father returned from the war in 1918 settling them in an apartment in Barbes Having been sickened by his experiences with the Italian military Ernesto took Stephane to city hall pulled two witnesses off the street and had his son naturalized as a French citizen on 28 July 1919 4 His first name Stefano was Gallicized to Stephane Grappelli began playing the violin at the age of 12 on a three quarter sized violin which his father purchased by pawning a suit Although Stephane received violin lessons he preferred to learn the instrument on his own My first lessons were in the streets watching how other violinists played The first violinist that I saw play was at the Barbes metro station sheltered under the overhead metro tracks When I asked how one should play he exploded in laughter I left completely humiliated with my violin under my arm 4 After a brief period of independent learning Grappelli was enrolled at the Conservatoire de Paris on 31 December 1920 which his father hoped would give him a chance to learn music theory ear training and solfeggio In 1923 Grappelli graduated with a second tier medal 4 Around this time his father married a woman named Anna Fuchs and moved to Strasbourg Grappelli remained in Paris because he disliked Fuchs 4 At the age of 15 Grappelli began busking full time to support himself His playing caught the attention of an elderly violinist who invited him to accompany silent films in the pit orchestra at the Theatre Gaumont He played there for six hours daily over a two year period 5 During orchestra breaks he visited Le Boudon a brasserie where he would listen to songs from an American proto jukebox Here he was introduced to jazz In 1928 Grappelli was a member of the orchestra at the Ambassador Hotel while bandleader Paul Whiteman and jazz violinist Joe Venuti were performing there Jazz violinists were rare and though Venuti played mainly commercial jazz themes and seldom improvised Grappelli was struck by his bowing when he played Dinah 5 As a result Grappelli began developing a jazz influenced style of violin music Grappelli lived with Michel Warlop a classically trained violinist Warlop admired Grappelli s jazz inspired playing while Grappelli envied Warlop s income 5 After experimenting with the piano Grappelli stopped playing the violin choosing simplicity a new sound and paid performances over familiarity 5 He began playing piano in a big band led by a musician called Gregor In 1929 after a night of drinking Gregor learned that Grappelli used to play the violin Gregor borrowed a violin and asked Grappelli to improvise over Dinah 6 Delighted by what he heard Gregor urged Grappelli to return to playing the violin In 1930 Gregor ran into financial trouble He was involved in an automobile accident that resulted in several deaths and fled to South America to avoid arrest 6 Gregor s band reunited as a jazz ensemble under the leadership of pianist Alain Romans and saxophonist Andre Ekyan While playing with this band Grappelli met gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt in 1931 Looking for a violinist interested in jazz he invited Grappelli to play with him in his caravan Although the two played for hours that afternoon 7 their commitments to their respective bands prevented them from pursuing a career together In 1934 they met again at Claridge s in London England and began a musical partnership Pierre Nourry the secretary of the Hot Club de France invited Reinhardt and Grappelli to form the Quintette du Hot Club de France with Louis Vola on bass and Joseph Reinhardt and Roger Chaput on guitar 8 Also located in the Montmartre district was the artistic salon of R 26 at which Grappelli and Reinhardt performed regularly 9 The Quintette du Hot Club de France disbanded in 1939 upon the outbreak of World War II Grappelli was in London at the time and stayed there for the duration of the war In 1940 jazz pianist George Shearing made his debut as a sideman in Grappelli s band Post war Edit Stephane Grappelli in London When the war was over Reinhardt came to England for a reunion with Grappelli They recorded some titles in London with the English Quintette during January and February 1946 for EMI and Decca using a rhythm section consisting of English guitarists Jack Llewelyn and Alan Hodgkiss together with the Jamaican jazz bassist Coleridge Goode Grappelli chose to remain in England while Reinhardt returned to Paris before undertaking an only moderately successful visit to America where he performed in a new style using an amplified archtop guitar with Duke Ellington s orchestra On Reinhardt s return he and Grappelli reunited periodically for concerts on occasions when the latter was visiting Paris however the pre war Quintette was never re formed The pair also briefly toured Italy where they were supported by an Italian rhythm section of piano bass and drums the tour was documented with around 50 tracks recorded for an Italian radio station about half of which can be heard on the album Djangology released in 2005 This was to be the last set of recordings featuring the pair with Reinhardt moving into a more bebop modern jazz idiom and playing with younger French musicians prior to his early death in 1953 aged only 43 10 Throughout the 1950s Grappelli made occasional visits to the recording studio but the opportunities for a swing violinist of his generation were becoming limited despite attempts to modernise his style Grappelli was never particularly interested in the bebop style which was then fashionable in the jazz world He made a brief filmed appearance in Paul Paviot s 1957 film Django Reinhardt in which he plays Minor Swing alongside Joseph Reinhardt Henri Crolla and others In the 1960s Grappelli made regular appearances on the BBC Light Programme French Public Radio and the pirate station Radio Luxembourg In 1967 he returned to Paris to take up a regular engagement providing music for diners at the Le Toit de Paris restaurant in the Paris Hilton Hotel a position he kept up until 1972 for it provided regular work plus accommodation at the hotel He played in a standard lounge jazz format accompanied by a pianist and drummer Grappelli was making a living but by now had very little impact on the jazz world In 1971 British chat show host Michael Parkinson a longtime jazz fan came up with the idea of including Grappelli on his show where he would be joined by the classical violinist Yehudi Menuhin with the two musicians performing a duet Although Menuhin had no jazz training and a distinctly classical style of playing the result went down very well with the British public The pair went on to record three collaborative albums between 1972 and 1976 with Menuhin playing parts written out by Grappelli while the latter improvised in a classic jazz fashion During their appearance on Parkinson s show 11 Menuhin played his prized Stradivari dating from 1714 while Grappelli revealed his instrument was made by Goffredo Cappa in 1695 In 1973 British guitarist Diz Disley had the idea of prising Grappelli away from his lounge jazz format with piano players to play once again with the backing of acoustic guitars and double bass re creating a version of the Hot Club sound but now with Grappelli as sole leader Grappelli s reservations about returning to this format were dissipated following a rapturous reception for the new old format group at that year s Cambridge Folk Festival after which he favoured the guitar based trio with double bass for a series of increasingly successful concert tours around the globe These tours would virtually occupy the remainder of Grappelli s life away from the touring circuit however he also favoured numerous other instrumental combinations on record Other guitarists in the British Diz Disley Trio providing his instrumental backing over the years included Denny Wright Ike Isaacs the Irish guitarist Louis Stewart John Etheridge and Martin Taylor while double bass was often provided by Dutchman Jack Sewing in his later years Grappelli also used a Parisian trio which included guitarist Marc Fosset and bassist Patrice Carratini In April 1973 Grappelli performed with great success during a week at Jazz Power in Milan accompanied by such notable Italian jazz musicians as guitarist Franco Cerri bassist arranger Pino Presti and drummer Tullio De Piscopo 12 Grappelli played on hundreds of recordings including sessions with Duke Ellington jazz pianists Oscar Peterson Michel Petrucciani and Claude Bolling jazz violinists Svend Asmussen Jean Luc Ponty and Stuff Smith Indian classical violinist L Subramaniam vibraphonist Gary Burton pop singer Paul Simon mandolin player David Grisman classical violinist Yehudi Menuhin orchestral conductor Andre Previn guitar player Bucky Pizzarelli guitar player Joe Pass cello player Yo Yo Ma harmonica and jazz guitar player Toots Thielemans jazz guitarist Henri Crolla bassist Jon Burr and fiddler Mark O Connor Grappelli recorded a solo for the title track of Pink Floyd s 1975 album Wish You Were Here This was made almost inaudible in the mix and so the violinist was not credited according to Roger Waters as it would be a bit of an insult citation needed A remastered version with Grappelli s contribution fully audible can be found on the 2011 editions of Wish You Were Here Grappelli made a cameo appearance in the 1978 film King of the Gypsies with mandolinist David Grisman Three years later they performed in concert In the 1980s he gave several concerts with British cellist Julian Lloyd Webber In 1997 Grappelli received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award He is an inductee of the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame Grappelli continued touring with great success up to the last year of his life in 1997 although his health was by now poor he toured the United Kingdom in March and then played concerts in Australia and New Zealand giving his last public performance in Christchurch New Zealand before returning to Paris via Hong Kong He made his final recording four tracks with the classical violinist Iwao Furusawa plus guitarist Marc Fosset and bassist Philippe Viret in Paris in August 1996 released as As Time Goes By Stephane Grappelli and Iwao Furusawa Personal life and legacy Edit Grappelli s final resting place in crypt 417 of Division 87 Columbarium at Pere Lachaise Cemetery In May 1935 Grappelli had a brief affair with Sylvia Caro that resulted in a daughter named Evelyne Sylvia remained in Paris with her daughter for the duration of World War II Father and daughter were reunited in 1946 when Evelyne travelled to London from France to stay with Grappelli for about a year 13 From 1952 to 1980 he shared much of his life with a female friend Jean Barclay for whom he felt a deep brotherly affection 14 15 Grappelli never married however and it is widely accepted that he was gay 16 17 in 1981 he met Joseph Oldenhove who would be his companion until his death 18 Grappelli died in Paris on 1 December 1997 suffering heart failure after a series of minor cerebral attacks His funeral on 5 December took place at the Eglise Saint Vincent de Paul Paris within sight of the entrance to the Lariboisiere Hospital where he had been born 89 years earlier His body was cremated and his ashes entombed in the city s Pere Lachaise Cemetery He is the subject of the documentary Stephane Grappelli A Life in the Jazz Century 19 Discography EditAlbums Edit Djangology Django Reinhardt the Gypsy Genius 1936 to 1940 released in 2005 Bluebird Stephane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt the Gold Edition 1934 to 1937 copyright 1998 Unique Piano Session Paris 1955 1955 Jazz Anthology Improvisations Paris 1956 Feeling Finesse Jazz 1962 Atlantic Afternoon in Paris 1971 MPS Manoir de Mes Reves 1972 Musidisc Homage to Django 1972 released 1976 Classic Jazz Stephane Grappelli 1973 Pye Black Lion at Montreux with the Black Lion All stars Black Lion recorded 4 July 1973 Just One of Those Things 1973 Black Lion Recorded at the 1973 Montreaux Jazz Festival I Got Rhythm 1974 Black Lion with The Hot Club of London Diz Disley Denny Wright Len Skeat recorded at the Queen Elizabeth Hall London 5 November 1973 The Talk of the Town 1975 Black Lion with Alan Clare Satin Doll 1975 Vanguard Parisian Thoroughfare with Roland Hanna Mel Lewis George Mraz 1975 Arista Freedom The Rock Peter and the Wolf 1976 RSO Cordes 1977 Musidisc Steph n Us 1977 Cherry Pie with Don Burrows amp George Golla AUS 38 20 Live at Carnegie Hall 1978 Signature Uptown Dance 1978 Columbia Young Django 1979 MPS with Philip Catherine Larry Coryell Niels Henning Orsted Pedersen Stephane Grappelli 80 1980 Happy Bird Tivoli Gardens Copenhagen Denmark Pablo Live 1980 Live at Carnegie Hall 1983 Dr Jazz with Diz Disley John Etheridge Brian Torff Vintage 1981 1981 Concord Just One of Those Things 1984 EMI Grappelli Plays George Gershwin 1984 Musidisc Fascinating Rhythm 1986 Jazz Life Live in San Francisco 1986 Blackhawk Classic Sessions Stephane Grappelli with Phil Woods and Louie Bellson 1987 RTV Stephane Grappelli Plays Jerome Kern 1987 GRP The Intimate Grappelli 1988 Jazz Life How Can You Miss with Louie Bellson and Phil Woods 1989 Rushmore Jazz Round Midnight 1989 Verve My Other Love 1991 Colombia Grappelli performs on solo piano Stephane Grappelli in Tokyo 1991 A amp M Bach to the Beatles 1991 Academy Sound Live 1992 1992 Verve 85 and Still Swinging 1993 Angel Live at the Blue Note 1996 Telarc Crazy Rhythm 1996 2000 Pulse Parisian Thoroughfare 1997 Laserlight Collaborations Edit Stephane Grappelli and Adelaide Hall 1939 BBC Studios London You re Blase by Adelaide Hall with Stephane Grappelli and Arthur Young and his Swingtette 21 Stephane Grappelli Django Reinhardt Bill Coleman Bill Coleman with Django and Stephane Grappelli 1936 to 1938 released 1985 DRG Stephane Grappelli Stuff Smith Svend Asmussen Jean Luc Ponty Violin Summit 1967 Polygram Stephane Grappelli and Earl Hines Stephane Grappelli meets Earl Hines Stephane Grappelli and Hubert Clavecin Dansez Sur Vos Souvenirs Musidisc Stephane Grappelli and Barney Kessel Remember Django 1969 Black Lion Stephane Grappelli and Gary Burton Paris Encounter 1969 Atlantic Stephane Grappelli and Joe Venuti Venupelli Blues 1970 BYG Records Stephane Grappelli and Barney Kessel Limehouse Blues 1972 Black Lion Stephane Grappelli and Gary Burton Paris Encounter 1972 Atlantic Stephane Grappelli and Paul Simon Hobo s Blues 1972 Columbia Oscar Peterson Stephane Grappelli Quartet Vol 1 1973 America Records Stephane Grappelli and Yehudi Menuhin Jealousy 1973 EMI Stephane Grappelli and Alan Clare Stardust 1973 Black Lion Stephane Grappelli and Baden Powell La Grande Reunion 1974 Accord Stephane Grappelli and The Diz Disley Trio Violinspiration 1975 MPS Stephane Grappelli and Yehudi Menuhin Fascinating Rhythm Music by George Gershwin Jerome Kern Cole Porter 1975 EMI Stephane Grappelli and Bill Coleman Stephane Grappelli Bill Coleman 1976 Classic Jazz CJ 24 recorded 1973 Stephane Grappelli and The George Shearing Trio The Reunion 1977 MPS Stephane Grappelli and Yehudi Menuhin Tea for Two 1978 EMI Stephane Grappelli and Bucky Pizzarelli Duet 1979 Ahead Stephane Grappelli and David Grisman Live at Berklee recorded in Boston Massachusetts 20 September 1979 Stephane Grappelli and Martial Solal Happy Reunion 1980 MPO Stephane Grappelli and Yehudi Menuhin Strictly for the Birds 1980 Angel Records Stephane Grappelli and David Grisman Live 1981 Warner Bros Oscar Peterson Stephane Grappelli Joe Pass Mickey Roker Niels Henning Orsted Pedersen Skol 1982 recorded in Tivoli Concert Hall Copenhagen Denmark 6 July 1979 Stephane Grappelli with Marc Fosset Stephanova Concord Jazz 1983 Stephane Grappelli with L Subramaniam Conversations 1984 Stephane Grappelli and Toots Thielemans Bringing it Together 1984 Cymekob Stephane Grappelli and Martin Taylor We ve Got the World on a String 1984 EMI Stephane Grappelli and Stuff Smith Violins No End 1984 Pablo Stephane Grappelli and Helen Merrill 1986 Music Makers Stephane Grappelli and Vassar Clements Together at Last 1987 Flying Fish Stephane Grappelli and Yehudi Menuhin Menuhin and Grappelli Play Berlin Kern Porter and Rodgers amp Hart 1988 EMI Stephane Grappelli and Jean Luc Ponty Violin Summit 1989 Jazz Life Stephane Grappelli and Jean Luc Ponty Compact Jazz 1988 MPS Stephane Grappelli and Martial Solal Olympia 1988 1988 Atlantic Stephane Grappelli and Joe Venuti Best of Jazz Violins 1989 LRC Stephane Grappelli and Yo Yo Ma Anything Goes Stephane Grappelli amp Yo Yo Ma Play Mostly Cole Porter 1989 Stephane Grappelli and McCoy Tyner One on One 1990 Milestone Stephane Grappelli and L Subramaniam Conversations 1984 Milestone Stephane Grappelli and Claude Bolling First Class 1992 Milan Stephane Grappelli and Michel Legrand Legrand Grappelli 1992 Verve Stephane Grappelli and Martin Taylor Reunion 1993 Linn Capelino featuring Stephane Grappelli La Copine 1993 Munich Records The Rosenberg Trio featuring Stephane Grappelli Jan Akkerman amp Frits Landesbergen Caravan 1994 Polydor BV Stephane Grappelli and Michel Petrucciani Flamingo 1996 Dreyfus Stephane Grappelli Carl Hession Frankie Gavin Marc Fosset Frankie Gavin 2003 2004 Collection The Grappelli Era 2003 Film scores Edit Les valseuses Going Places 1974 Milou en mai May Fools 1990 References Edit French Jazz Violinist Stephane Grappelli Dead At 89 Cyberbites com Retrieved 18 October 2020 Dregni 2004 p 70 a b Smith Geoffrey 2 December 1997 Obituary Stephane Grappelli The Independent Retrieved 23 August 2018 a b c d e f g Dregni 2004 p 71 a b c d Dregni 2004 p 72 a b Dregni 2004 p 73 Dregni 2004 p 74 Dregni Michael 2006 Django Reinhardt and the Illustrated History of Gypsy Jazz Speck Press pp 45 59 ISBN 978 1 933108 10 0 Grappelli Stephane 1992 Mon Violon Pour Tout Bagage Editions Calmann Levy Paris page needed Balmer chapters 13 14 15 Stephane Grappelli A tribute introduced by Yehudi Menuhin Daily Motion 31 December 1997 Vittorio Franchini Stephane Grappelli a Milano mostro sacro del Jazz Corriere della Sera 27 April 1973 Balmer Paul 2003 Stephane Grappelli With and Without Django Sanctuary pp 96 142 ISBN 9781860744532 Balmer Paul 2003 Stephane Grappelli A Life in Jazz Bobcat Books pp 161 163 ISBN 9781847725769 Grappelli Stephane Oldenhove Joseph Bramy Jean Marc 1994 Stephane Grappelli Mon violon pour tout bagage Calmann Levy ISBN 9782702151136 Ake David 2004 Jazz In Kimmel Michael Aronson Amy eds Men and Masculinities 1 ABC CLIO p 438 ISBN 9781576077740 Mnookin Seth 21 December 1999 Sharps amp Flats Salon Dregni 2004 p 121 Coryell Larry 2007 Improvising My Life in Music Hal Leonard Corporation p 103 ISBN 978 0 8793 0826 1 Brace Eric 5 December 1997 A Memorable Evening With the Great Grappelli Los Angeles Times via The Washington Post Gavin James 1 December 2001 Homophobia in Jazz JazzTimes JazzTimes com Retrieved 27 November 2018 Velez Andrew 13 February 2001 Ken Burns Jazz The Story of America s Music The Advocate Retrieved 27 November 2018 Obituary Stephane Grappelli The Telegraph 2 December 1997 Balmer p 274 Stephane Grappelli A Life in the Jazz Century at Music On Earth productions Kent David 1993 Australian Chart Book 1970 1992 illustrated ed St Ives N S W Australian Chart Book p 129 ISBN 0 646 11917 6 Adelaide Hall A rare BBC Recording 1939 resurfaced You re blase HD YouTube Retrieved 27 July 2021 Bibliography Edit Dregni Michael 2004 Django The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend Oxford University Press ISBN 0 19 516752 X Further reading EditGrappelli Stephane Jean Marc Bramy 2002 With Only My Violin The Memoirs of Stephane Grappelli New York Welcome Rain Publishers ISBN 978 1 56649 151 8 Smith Geoffrey 1987 Stephane Grappelli A Biography London M Joseph ISBN 978 1 85145 012 1 External links EditObituary Stephane Grappelli s Biography amp Discography at AllMusic com Stephane Grappelli s Discography at Discogs com My Other Love the piano Stephane Grappelli at IMDb Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stephane Grappelli amp oldid 1051398722, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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